CN104944921A - Slag-doped wear-resistant ceramic floor tile - Google Patents

Slag-doped wear-resistant ceramic floor tile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104944921A
CN104944921A CN201510286153.1A CN201510286153A CN104944921A CN 104944921 A CN104944921 A CN 104944921A CN 201510286153 A CN201510286153 A CN 201510286153A CN 104944921 A CN104944921 A CN 104944921A
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China
Prior art keywords
slag
parts
floor tile
added
distilled water
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Pending
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CN201510286153.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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方堃
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方堃
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes

Abstract

The invention discloses a slag-doped wear-resistant ceramic floor tile, which comprises the following raw materials by weight part: 3-5 parts of dolomite, 5-10 parts of artificial corundum, 30-50 parts of converter slag, 20-25 parts of powdered steatile, 5-10 parts of kaolin, 15-25 parts of waste glass micro powder, 1-2 parts of hydroxyethyl methyl cellulose, 2-4 parts of water glass powder, 2-4 parts of zinc oxide, 5-8 parts of brown sugar, 0.1-0.3 parts of polyvinylpyrrolidone and a proper amount of distilled water. According to the invention, operation is simple, secondary processing utilization degree on waste is high, and the prepared ceramic floor tile has the advantages of good wear resistance and long usage life.

Description

A kind of wear-resistant ceramic floor tile of the slag that adulterates
Technical field
The present invention relates to floor tile and manufacture field, be specifically related to wear-resistant ceramic floor tile of a kind of slag that adulterates and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
China is big steel country, often produces the slag that 1 ton of steel will produce about 150 kilograms.Slag is deposited in slag field and occupies a large amount of soil and pollute environment, for containing the slag of three valence state chromium, outdoor be long placed in after change hexavalent state into, very large harm is produced to ecotope and animal and plant growth.Main containing compositions such as calcium oxide, silicon-dioxide, aluminum oxide, ferric oxide, manganese oxide and nitric sulfids in slag, there is potential gelation activity and application prospect widely.How efficiency utilization slag produces high value added product in current research, and save energy and Sustainable development industry have important social effect.
Along with the raising of people's living standard, demand and the output of architectural pottery are growing.Traditional ceramic tile with high grade kaolinite, feldspar, clay etc. for main raw material, adopt the preparation of wet powder-making, drying process with atomizing method, but it is large to there is energy consumption in this preparation method, produce a large amount of containing heavily contaminated tail gas such as water vapour, oxynitride, oxysulfide, dust, environmental pollution is serious, seriously deviate from the requirement of ceramic industry cleaner production, and increasing kaolin is applied to the industry such as papermaking, coating, chemical fertilizer, refractory materials, rubber, plastics, petrochemical complex, and the ceramic tile industrial raw material made extremely lacks.Kaolin can be replaced can to alleviate the scarcity of natural resources as ceramic industry raw material so find, the present invention adopts slag and talcum powder etc. to have the characteristics such as water-intake rate is little, void content is little, firing temperature is low, bending strength is large as the floor tile that main raw material generates, and the present invention is the extensive utilization of bessemer furnace slag and alleviates and bring good Social benefit and economic benefit to the burden of environment.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide wear-resistant ceramic floor tile of a kind of slag that adulterates and preparation method thereof.
In order to realize object of the present invention, the present invention is by following scheme implementation:
Adulterate the wear-resistant ceramic floor tile of slag, is made up of the raw material of following weight part: rhombspar 3-5, black corundum sand 5-10, bessemer furnace slag 30-50, talcum powder 20-25, kaolin 5-10, scrap glass micro mist 15-25, hydroxyethylmethyl-cellulose 1-2, water glass powder 2-4, zinc oxide 2-4, brown sugar 5-8, polyvinylpyrrolidone 0.1-0.3, distilled water are appropriate;
The wear-resistant ceramic floor tile of a kind of slag that adulterates of the present invention, be made up of following concrete steps:
(1) be added to by bessemer furnace slag in the distilled water of 2-3 times of weight part and soak 1-2 days, be then added to ball milling in ball mill, ball milling post-drying crosses 200 mesh sieves, at ambient temperature that steel-making slag powder ageing 20-30 days is for subsequent use;
(2) distilled water of brown sugar by 4-6 times amount is dissolved, add polyvinylpyrrolidone again and zinc oxide ultrasonic disperse is even, add the slag mixing and stirring that step (1) is for subsequent use after being uniformly dispersed, be added to after oven dry in baking oven and calcine 1-2 hour under 260-340 ° of C;
(3) rhombspar, black corundum sand, kaolin and talcum powder are added to ball milling in ball mill, after ball milling, 400 mesh sieves crossed by batch mixing, then the bessemer furnace slag of batch mixing and step (2) and remaining remaining component thereof are mixed 2-3 hour in mixer, add appropriate distilled water again and stir formation hygrometric state compound, the old 1-2 of homogenizing days for subsequent use;
(4) by old good material pressurize 3-5 minute under the pressure of 20-25MPa, half dry-pressing compression moulding, then send in high temperature resistance furnace and carry out roasting, wherein under 500 ° of C, 700 ° of C, 900 ° of C, 1100 ° of C, 1200 ° of C, be all incubated 1 hour, take out from resistance furnace after roasting terminates.
Advantage of the present invention is: the present invention is surperficial at slag by oxide coated by zinc, be conducive to spraying glaze, difficult drop-off and cracking, adopt slag and talcum powder as main raw material, instead of kaolin costly, alleviate China ceramic industry to kaolinic dependence, the scrap glass added, reduce the usage quantity of natural Mineral resources as fusing assistant, cost-saving, and there is reduction sintering temperature, the characteristic of percent of firing shrinkage and raising impact resistance, the hydroxyethylmethyl-cellulose added promotes the melting of water glass and cullet under cryogenic, realize the densification of base substrate, the black corundum sand added enhances the wear resistance of ceramic tile, the rhombspar added accelerates sintering process, improve the intensity of sintering and improve liquidity, the present invention is simple to operate, high to the secondary processing producing level of waste, and the floor tile wear resistance prepared is good, long service life.
Specific embodiments
Below by specific examples, the present invention is described in detail.
Adulterate the wear-resistant ceramic floor tile of slag, is made up: rhombspar 4, black corundum sand 8, bessemer furnace slag 40, talcum powder 20, kaolin 8, scrap glass micro mist 16, hydroxyethylmethyl-cellulose 2, water glass powder 3, zinc oxide 3, brown sugar 7, polyvinylpyrrolidone 0.1, distilled water are appropriate of the raw material of following weight part (kilogram);
The wear-resistant ceramic floor tile of a kind of slag that adulterates of the present invention, be made up of following concrete steps:
(1) be added to by bessemer furnace slag in the distilled water of 3 times of weight parts and soak 2 days, be then added to ball milling in ball mill, ball milling post-drying crosses 200 mesh sieves, at ambient temperature that steel-making slag powder ageing 30 days is for subsequent use;
(2) distilled water of brown sugar by 5 times amount is dissolved, then it is even to add polyvinylpyrrolidone and zinc oxide ultrasonic disperse, adds the slag mixing and stirring that step (1) is for subsequent use, be added in baking oven and calcine 1 hour under 320 ° of C after oven dry after being uniformly dispersed;
(3) rhombspar, black corundum sand, kaolin and talcum powder are added to ball milling in ball mill, after ball milling, 400 mesh sieves crossed by batch mixing, then the bessemer furnace slag of batch mixing and step (2) and remaining remaining component thereof are mixed 3 hours in mixer, add appropriate distilled water again to stir and form hygrometric state compound, old 1 day of homogenizing is for subsequent use;
(4) by the pressurize 5 minutes under the pressure of 25MPa of old good material, half dry-pressing compression moulding, then send in high temperature resistance furnace and carry out roasting, wherein under 500 ° of C, 700 ° of C, 900 ° of C, 1100 ° of C, 1200 ° of C, be all incubated 1 hour, take out from resistance furnace after roasting terminates.
Floor tile performance perameter in the present embodiment is as follows:
Strength at break (N): >=1400;
Water-intake rate (%) :≤0.4;
Bending strength (MPa): >=104;
The modulus of rupture (MPa): >=35;
Heat-shock resistance is tested: crack-free or crackle;
Frost resistance is tested: flawless or peel off.

Claims (2)

1. the wear-resistant ceramic floor tile of the slag that adulterates, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight part: rhombspar 3-5, black corundum sand 5-10, bessemer furnace slag 30-50, talcum powder 20-25, kaolin 5-10, scrap glass micro mist 15-25, hydroxyethylmethyl-cellulose 1-2, water glass powder 2-4, zinc oxide 2-4, brown sugar 5-8, polyvinylpyrrolidone 0.1-0.3, distilled water are appropriate.
2. the wear-resistant ceramic floor tile of a kind of slag that adulterates according to claim 1, is characterized in that, be made up of following concrete steps:
(1) be added to by bessemer furnace slag in the distilled water of 2-3 times of weight part and soak 1-2 days, be then added to ball milling in ball mill, ball milling post-drying crosses 200 mesh sieves, at ambient temperature that steel-making slag powder ageing 20-30 days is for subsequent use;
(2) distilled water of brown sugar by 4-6 times amount is dissolved, add polyvinylpyrrolidone again and zinc oxide ultrasonic disperse is even, add the slag mixing and stirring that step (1) is for subsequent use after being uniformly dispersed, be added to after oven dry in baking oven and calcine 1-2 hour under 260-340 ° of C;
(3) rhombspar, black corundum sand, kaolin and talcum powder are added to ball milling in ball mill, after ball milling, 400 mesh sieves crossed by batch mixing, then the bessemer furnace slag of batch mixing and step (2) and remaining remaining component thereof are mixed 2-3 hour in mixer, add appropriate distilled water again and stir formation hygrometric state compound, the old 1-2 of homogenizing days for subsequent use;
(4) by old good material pressurize 3-5 minute under the pressure of 20-25MPa, half dry-pressing compression moulding, then send in high temperature resistance furnace and carry out roasting, wherein under 500 ° of C, 700 ° of C, 900 ° of C, 1100 ° of C, 1200 ° of C, be all incubated 1 hour, take out from resistance furnace after roasting terminates.
CN201510286153.1A 2015-05-29 2015-05-29 Slag-doped wear-resistant ceramic floor tile Pending CN104944921A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201510286153.1A CN104944921A (en) 2015-05-29 2015-05-29 Slag-doped wear-resistant ceramic floor tile

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CN201510286153.1A CN104944921A (en) 2015-05-29 2015-05-29 Slag-doped wear-resistant ceramic floor tile

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106082957A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-11-09 安徽省亚欧陶瓷有限责任公司 A kind of wear-resisting antidetonation ceramic tile and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1172089A (en) * 1997-07-23 1998-02-04 曹培根 Ceramic wall or floor tile using waste broken glass bits as additive and its making process
CN1548398A (en) * 2003-05-14 2004-11-24 王文会 Production process of high-strength wall and floor tile
CN101386528A (en) * 2008-10-27 2009-03-18 佛山欧神诺陶瓷股份有限公司 Method for producing ceramic tile by metallurgical steel slag
CN101881075A (en) * 2010-06-30 2010-11-10 黄利辉 Anti-skidding wear resistant ground tile
CN102617154A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-08-01 景德镇陶瓷学院 Method for preparing environment-friendly building ceramic tile by using high lean material
CN103086699A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-05-08 湖南科技大学 Regenerative ceramic tile and producing method thereof
CN103145337A (en) * 2013-03-13 2013-06-12 承德远通钢铁设备制造有限公司 Method for preparing microcrystalline glass by utilizing blast furnace steel slag
CN103819176A (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-05-28 河南科技大学 Preparation technology of low-cost high-strength ceramic floor tile
CN103951402A (en) * 2014-04-08 2014-07-30 安徽省亚欧陶瓷有限责任公司 High-strength ceramic brick and preparation method thereof
CN104003694A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-08-27 周鹏 Wear-resisting floor tile

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1172089A (en) * 1997-07-23 1998-02-04 曹培根 Ceramic wall or floor tile using waste broken glass bits as additive and its making process
CN1548398A (en) * 2003-05-14 2004-11-24 王文会 Production process of high-strength wall and floor tile
CN101386528A (en) * 2008-10-27 2009-03-18 佛山欧神诺陶瓷股份有限公司 Method for producing ceramic tile by metallurgical steel slag
CN101881075A (en) * 2010-06-30 2010-11-10 黄利辉 Anti-skidding wear resistant ground tile
CN102617154A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-08-01 景德镇陶瓷学院 Method for preparing environment-friendly building ceramic tile by using high lean material
CN103086699A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-05-08 湖南科技大学 Regenerative ceramic tile and producing method thereof
CN103145337A (en) * 2013-03-13 2013-06-12 承德远通钢铁设备制造有限公司 Method for preparing microcrystalline glass by utilizing blast furnace steel slag
CN103819176A (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-05-28 河南科技大学 Preparation technology of low-cost high-strength ceramic floor tile
CN103951402A (en) * 2014-04-08 2014-07-30 安徽省亚欧陶瓷有限责任公司 High-strength ceramic brick and preparation method thereof
CN104003694A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-08-27 周鹏 Wear-resisting floor tile

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106082957A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-11-09 安徽省亚欧陶瓷有限责任公司 A kind of wear-resisting antidetonation ceramic tile and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20150930