CN104904469A - Greening method for controlling salt elimination area by area in coastal saline area - Google Patents

Greening method for controlling salt elimination area by area in coastal saline area Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104904469A
CN104904469A CN201510285840.1A CN201510285840A CN104904469A CN 104904469 A CN104904469 A CN 104904469A CN 201510285840 A CN201510285840 A CN 201510285840A CN 104904469 A CN104904469 A CN 104904469A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
zone
alkali
area
greening
construction
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Pending
Application number
CN201510285840.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姜国福
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANDONG LONGZE ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT DEVELOPMENT CO., LTD.
Wuhan Faya Garden Group Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
Shandong Longze Ecological Environment Development Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201510285840.1A priority Critical patent/CN104904469A/en
Publication of CN104904469A publication Critical patent/CN104904469A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a greening method for controlling salt elimination area by area in coastal saline area. The method comprises the following steps of in the coastal saline area, sequentially building a ground cover flower zone, a flowering shrub zone and an arbor zone; for the ground cover flower zone, the flowering shrub zone and the arbor zone, respectively setting planting soil layers with the thickness of 40 to 60cm, 60 to 80cm and 100 to 120cm; respectively setting a leached layer with the thickness of 20cm under each planting soil layer, wherein the material of each leached layer is aggregated gravel with the diameter of 5 to 10mm; digging a blind ditch under each leached layer, and arranging an alkali discharging system in the blind ditch; separating the ground cover flower zone, the flowering shrub zone and the arbor zone by waterproof geotextiles, wherein the slop included angle of each waterproof geotextile is 75 degrees; separating the outer side of a section range from saline-alkali soil by a geotextile. According to the method provided by the invention, the digging and refilling workload is greatly reduced, the construction period is shortened, and the cost is low.

Description

A kind of beach saline land divides the greening method of territory formula control salt discharge
Technical field
The present invention relates to beach saline land Vegetation Construction field, is the greening method of a kind of beach saline land point territory formula control salt discharge specifically.
Background technology
China's beach saline land has a large capacity and a wide range, and Halophyte Resources is horn of plenty comparatively, and this is the material base carrying out ecology of alkali saline land reparation.China nearly halophytes 430 kinds, belong to 66 sections, 197 to belong to, can as the nearly kind more than 200 of resources development and utilization, there is the multiple value of quite a few tool, such as can be used as raw-food material or direct as food, feed, medical material and fibrous raw material etc., but these plants are difficult to the demand meeting agricultural production.
Therefore, the measure taked is improvement or reduces soil salt.Traditional farming depends on fresh water and " light soil " environment, saline-alkali environment is a kind of restrictive factor to it, attempt by rebuilding and improving saline land and develop traditional farming, usually cost is a lot of and lose more than gain in the long term, is particularly difficult to especially effectively carry out in the marine solonchak of freshwater resources relative shortage, beach area.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide the greening method of a kind of beach saline land point territory formula control salt discharge.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme of the present invention is: the greening method of a kind of beach saline land point territory formula control salt discharge, comprises the following steps:
(1) Ground cover flower zone, flowering shrub zone and arbor zone three regions are built successively in coastal saline-alkali area;
(2) for Ground cover flower zone, flowering shrub zone and arbor zone, the plantation soil layer of 40 ~ 60cm, 60 ~ 80cm and 100 ~ 120cm thickness is set respectively, the pouring floor establishing 20cm thick respectively under each district's plantation soil layer, drenching layer material is 5 ~ 10mm graded broken stone, drench layer and excavate french drain laying row alkali system below, build up row's alkali sump in arbor region by building method, plastering method;
(3) Ground cover flower district, separate by waterproof geotextiles between flowering shrub district and arbor zone, and waterproof geotextiles gradient angle is 75 degree, separates outside bid section scope with geotextiles and saline-alkali soil;
(4) check construction, finally check vertical control point absolute altitude, and check engineering material therefor, then the row's of inspection alkali sump, guarantee that corner is neat, width is consistent.
As preferably, the row's alkali system in described step (2) is with the bellows of drain tank by diameter 100mm, and twine non-woven fabrics outward two-layer, interface steel wire lashing forms.
As preferably, the construction of described row's alkali system comprises the following steps:
1) preparation of construction
Press Design Requirement Drawing before construction by standby for material requested to on-the-spot, construction lofting is accurate, and establishes protection stake, verifies at any time in work progress;
2) slot
Adopt hand fit mechanical equivalent of light excavation, slot bottom width is sidelong slope according to design drawing two, and stays working face, and during fluting, bottom land is reserved 10cm and manually removed, and prevents machinery from backbreaking, adopts graded sand and stone to be filled to design altitude;
3) piping foundation construction
Before piping foundation construction, first check protection pile beacon high, and the water level of foundation bottom is down to below 50cm, fill with medium sand around Pipe for draining alkali road, fill with concrete around concrete pipe;
4) pipeline laying
Before lower pipe, foreign material in cleaning pipe hole, and by the leveling of sandstone basis, then on flat base, bullet puts pipeline center line, then checks flat basal plane absolute altitude, and pipeline sequences by right down tube, then line is corrected, control center line and absolute altitude;
5) interface
It is two-layer that Pipe for draining alkali interface twines non-woven fabrics, interface steel wire lashing.
As preferably, in the building method of described step (2), the upper and lower fissure of displacement of laying bricks, inside and outside overlap joint, mortar joint mortar thickness is 10mm, grasps well inside dimension at any time, and at any time by floating for the mortar extruded, make masonry closely knit, full when building well.
As preferably, in the plastering method of described step (2), after having built by laying bricks or stones, check elevation dimension, and irrigate brick setting with water, then plaster, plaster and adopt 1:2 cement sand plaster, thickness is 20mm, and keep moistening, to the arm accessed with building with peace, the mouth of pipe flushes with the borehole wall, tamps smear tight press polish around the mouth of pipe with C10 concrete.
Owing to have employed technique scheme, the present invention has following beneficial effect: the Ground cover flower district that the present invention is arranged, flowering shrub district and arbor zone are planted different types of plant, and the pouring floor establishing 20cm thick respectively under each district's plantation soil layer, drenching layer material is 5 ~ 10mm graded broken stone, pouring layer plays a role in filtering, a large amount of salinity can be filtered from plantation soil layer, and retain plantation soil layer, soil salt just achieves transfer, separate with geotextiles and saline-alkali soil outside bid section scope, can prevent the salinity of the saline-alkali soil of surrounding from penetrating into plantation soil layer, staged is laid and is drenched layer and buried depth, greatly reduce excavation and backfilling working amount, shorten construction period, with low cost.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described further.
Beach saline land divides a greening method for territory formula control salt discharge, comprises the following steps:
(1) Ground cover flower zone, flowering shrub zone and arbor zone three regions are built successively in coastal saline-alkali area;
(2) for Ground cover flower zone, flowering shrub zone and arbor zone, the plantation soil layer of 40 ~ 60cm, 60 ~ 80cm and 100 ~ 120cm thickness is set respectively, the pouring floor establishing 20cm thick respectively under each district's plantation soil layer, drenching layer material is 5 ~ 10mm graded broken stone, drench layer and excavate french drain laying row alkali system below, the bellows that row's alkali system is with drain tank by diameter 100mm, twines non-woven fabrics outward two-layer, interface steel wire lashing forms, and the construction of row's alkali system comprises the following steps:
1) preparation of construction
Press Design Requirement Drawing before construction by standby for material requested to on-the-spot, construction lofting is accurate, and establishes protection stake, verifies at any time in work progress;
2) slot
Adopt hand fit mechanical equivalent of light excavation, slot bottom width is sidelong slope according to design drawing two, and stays working face, and during fluting, bottom land is reserved 10cm and manually removed, and prevents machinery from backbreaking, adopts graded sand and stone to be filled to design altitude;
3) piping foundation construction
Before piping foundation construction, first check protection pile beacon high, and the water level of foundation bottom is down to below 50cm, fill with medium sand around Pipe for draining alkali road;
4) pipeline laying
Before lower pipe, foreign material in cleaning pipe hole, and by the leveling of sandstone basis, then on flat base, bullet puts pipeline center line, then checks flat basal plane absolute altitude, and pipeline sequences by right down tube, then line is corrected, control center line and absolute altitude;
5) interface
It is two-layer that Pipe for draining alkali interface twines non-woven fabrics, interface steel wire lashing;
Row's alkali sump is built up by building method, plastering method in arbor region, in building method, the upper and lower fissure of displacement of laying bricks, inside and outside overlap joint, mortar joint mortar thickness is 10mm, grasps well inside dimension at any time when building well, and at any time by floating for the mortar extruded, make masonry closely knit, full; In plastering method, after having built by laying bricks or stones, check elevation dimension, and irrigate brick setting with water, then plaster, plaster and adopt 1:2 cement sand plaster, thickness is 20mm, and keeps moistening, to the arm accessed with building with peace, the mouth of pipe flushes with the borehole wall, tamps smear tight press polish around the mouth of pipe with C10 concrete;
(3) Ground cover flower district, separate by waterproof geotextiles between flowering shrub district and arbor zone, and waterproof geotextiles gradient angle is 75 degree, separates outside bid section scope with geotextiles and saline-alkali soil;
(4) check construction, finally check vertical control point absolute altitude, and check engineering material therefor, then the row's of inspection alkali sump, guarantee that corner is neat, width is consistent.
The foregoing is only the schematic embodiment of the present invention, and be not used to limit scope of the present invention.Any those skilled in the art, equivalent variations done under the prerequisite not departing from design of the present invention and principle and amendment, all should belong to the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (5)

1. beach saline land divides a greening method for territory formula control salt discharge, it is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
Ground cover flower zone, flowering shrub zone and arbor zone three regions are built successively in coastal saline-alkali area;
For Ground cover flower zone, flowering shrub zone and arbor zone, the plantation soil layer of 40 ~ 60cm, 60 ~ 80cm and 100 ~ 120cm thickness is set respectively, the pouring floor establishing 20cm thick respectively under each district's plantation soil layer, drenching layer material is 5 ~ 10mm graded broken stone, drench layer and excavate french drain laying row alkali system below, build up row's alkali sump in arbor region by building method, plastering method;
Ground cover flower district, to separate by waterproof geotextiles between flowering shrub district and arbor zone, and waterproof geotextiles gradient angle is 75 degree, separates outside bid section scope with geotextiles and saline-alkali soil;
Check construction, finally check vertical control point absolute altitude, and check engineering material therefor, then the row's of inspection alkali sump, guarantee that corner is neat, width is consistent.
2. a kind of beach saline land according to claim 1 divides the greening method of territory formula control salt discharge, it is characterized in that: the row's alkali system in described step (2) is with the bellows of drain tank by diameter 100mm, twine non-woven fabrics outward two-layer, interface steel wire lashing forms.
3. a kind of beach saline land according to claim 2 divides the greening method of territory formula formula control salt discharge, it is characterized in that, the construction of described row's alkali system comprises the following steps:
1) preparation of construction
Press Design Requirement Drawing before construction by standby for material requested to on-the-spot, construction lofting is accurate, and establishes protection stake, verifies at any time in work progress;
2) slot
Adopt hand fit mechanical equivalent of light excavation, slot bottom width is sidelong slope according to design drawing two, and stays working face, and during fluting, bottom land is reserved 10cm and manually removed, and prevents machinery from backbreaking, adopts graded sand and stone to be filled to design altitude;
3) piping foundation construction
Before piping foundation construction, first check protection pile beacon high, and the water level of foundation bottom is down to below 50cm, fill with medium sand around Pipe for draining alkali road, fill with concrete around concrete pipe;
4) pipeline laying
Before lower pipe, foreign material in cleaning pipe hole, and by the leveling of sandstone basis, then on flat base, bullet puts pipeline center line, then checks flat basal plane absolute altitude, and pipeline sequences by right down tube, then line is corrected, control center line and absolute altitude;
5) interface
It is two-layer that Pipe for draining alkali interface twines non-woven fabrics, interface steel wire lashing.
4. a kind of beach saline land according to claim 1 divides the greening method of territory formula control salt discharge, it is characterized in that: in the building method of described step (2), to lay bricks the upper and lower fissure of displacement, inside and outside overlap joint, mortar joint mortar thickness is 10mm, grasp well inside dimension at any time when building well, and at any time by floating for the mortar extruded, make masonry closely knit, full.
5. a kind of beach saline land according to claim 1 divides the greening method of territory formula control salt discharge, it is characterized in that: in the plastering method of described step (2), after having built by laying bricks or stones, check elevation dimension, and irrigate brick setting with water, then plaster, plaster and adopt 1:2 cement sand plaster, thickness is 20mm, and keep moistening, to the arm accessed with building with peace, the mouth of pipe flushes with the borehole wall, tamps smear tight press polish around the mouth of pipe with C10 concrete.
CN201510285840.1A 2015-05-29 2015-05-29 Greening method for controlling salt elimination area by area in coastal saline area Pending CN104904469A (en)

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CN201510285840.1A CN104904469A (en) 2015-05-29 2015-05-29 Greening method for controlling salt elimination area by area in coastal saline area

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105359663A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-02 天津吉天环境科技发展有限公司 Improvement method for soil of saline and alkaline land
CN106223395A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-14 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Water collect tank and collector pipe bury layout underground
CN108283031A (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-07-17 广州普邦园林股份有限公司 A kind of marine solonchak seepage pipe Salt discharge method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1251735A (en) * 1999-11-12 2000-05-03 天津经济技术开发区总公司园林绿化公司 Desalinizing technique using buried pipeline for seaside salinized ground with higher underground water level
CN103141176A (en) * 2013-03-25 2013-06-12 天津泰达园林建设有限公司 Method for improving saline soil in excavated grooves of border trees in coastal region
CN104094693A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-10-15 天津泰达绿化集团有限公司 Greening method for controlling and discharging salt stepwise in coastal saline area
CN104206064A (en) * 2013-06-04 2014-12-17 河南山水园林绿化工程有限公司 Underground salt elimination method for saline and alkali land
CN104412751A (en) * 2013-08-24 2015-03-18 山水园林股份有限公司 Improvement method for viscous seashore saline soil of saline-alkali wasteland

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1251735A (en) * 1999-11-12 2000-05-03 天津经济技术开发区总公司园林绿化公司 Desalinizing technique using buried pipeline for seaside salinized ground with higher underground water level
CN103141176A (en) * 2013-03-25 2013-06-12 天津泰达园林建设有限公司 Method for improving saline soil in excavated grooves of border trees in coastal region
CN104206064A (en) * 2013-06-04 2014-12-17 河南山水园林绿化工程有限公司 Underground salt elimination method for saline and alkali land
CN104412751A (en) * 2013-08-24 2015-03-18 山水园林股份有限公司 Improvement method for viscous seashore saline soil of saline-alkali wasteland
CN104094693A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-10-15 天津泰达绿化集团有限公司 Greening method for controlling and discharging salt stepwise in coastal saline area

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
无: "绿化技术标书(胜东)", 《百度文库》 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105359663A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-02 天津吉天环境科技发展有限公司 Improvement method for soil of saline and alkaline land
CN105359663B (en) * 2015-11-30 2017-10-31 天津吉天环境科技发展有限公司 Saline-alkali soil improvement method
CN106223395A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-14 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Water collect tank and collector pipe bury layout underground
CN108283031A (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-07-17 广州普邦园林股份有限公司 A kind of marine solonchak seepage pipe Salt discharge method

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CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Jiang Guofu

Inventor after: Xu Haiqin

Inventor after: Zhang Bing

Inventor after: Xu Jiangang

Inventor after: Zhu Yingwu

Inventor after: Kuang Hongling

Inventor after: Zhang Qingxin

Inventor before: Jiang Guofu

TA01 Transfer of patent application right
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20171120

Address after: 261061 traffic bank No. 309, No. 309, Dongfang Road, Hi-tech Zone, Shandong Province, room 315

Applicant after: SHANDONG LONGZE ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT DEVELOPMENT CO., LTD.

Applicant after: Wuhan Faya Garden Group Co., Ltd.

Address before: 262200 traffic bank No. 309, No. 309, Dongfang Road, Hi-tech Zone, Shandong Province, room 315

Applicant before: SHANDONG LONGZE ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT DEVELOPMENT CO., LTD.

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Application publication date: 20150916

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