CN104891750B - A kind of rural decentralized wastewater integration micro power ecological treatment apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of rural decentralized wastewater integration micro power ecological treatment apparatus Download PDF

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CN104891750B
CN104891750B CN201510350775.6A CN201510350775A CN104891750B CN 104891750 B CN104891750 B CN 104891750B CN 201510350775 A CN201510350775 A CN 201510350775A CN 104891750 B CN104891750 B CN 104891750B
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pond
water
tank
hydrolysis acidification
intermittent aerating
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CN104891750A (en
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李海波
余艳艳
李英华
王鑫
王洪
季现超
段玉龙
王士满
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Northeastern University China
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Northeastern University China
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Abstract

The purpose of the present invention is aimed at the defect that current rural decentralized wastewater processing meanss are present, there is provided a kind of rural decentralized wastewater integration micro power ecological treatment apparatus, belongs to sewage treatment area.The device includes regulating reservoir, hydrolysis acidification pool, intermittent aerating pond, sedimentation tank, tank, subsurface wastewater infiltration system and electric-control system;The top of regulating reservoir is higher than hydrolysis acidification pool, intermittent aerating pond, sedimentation tank, tank, the top of subsurface wastewater infiltration system;Regulating reservoir is connected with hydrolysis acidification pool, and hydrolysis acidification pool is connected with intermittent aerating pond, and intermittent aerating pond is connected with sedimentation tank, and sedimentation tank is connected with tank, and tank is connected with subsurface wastewater infiltration system;Electric-control system is connected with regulating reservoir, hydrolysis acidification pool and intermittent aerating pond pump respectively.The device is adapted to the sewage feature and economic technology condition of rural area, and is without the need for technical professional is on duty, the integrated sewage treating apparatus of high treating effect, compact conformation.

Description

A kind of rural decentralized wastewater integration micro power ecological treatment apparatus
Technical field
The invention belongs to sewage treatment area, more particularly to a kind of rural decentralized wastewater integration micro power Ecological Disposal dress Put.
Background technology
With economic fast development, water environment in China pollution is gradually diffused into rural area from city.Country sewage is mostly not Jing process is directly discharged, and is primarily due in rural area, and peasant household lives and more disperses, and sewage collecting is difficult, if entering municipal pipe Net is focused on, then need to lay large-scale pipe network system, expensive, and the long-distance sand transport of sewage will cause dirt The seepage of water, brings serious threat to subsoil water, additionally, rural economy level falls behind, resident's environmental consciousness is thin, dirty to water Dye problem is paid little attention to so that water pollution situation is more acute.Therefore, effectively sewage disposal technology processes rural area dispersion for exploitation Sewage and its important.
Rural decentralized wastewater has species polydispersion wide, and water quality and quantity fluctuation is big, is substantially free of heavy metal and poisonous and harmful Material, the features such as containing a certain amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, good biodegradability.At present, the research to rural decentralized wastewater handling process becomes In variation, but mainly include by the use of soil as collection and discharge the natural ecological treatment system of carrier, utilize complicated life The conventional treatment systems and Small Sewage Treatment Equipment of thing and physical process.There is mostly investment and operating cost in these techniques Height, complex management, floor space are big, treatment effect is unsatisfactory.Additionally, although Small Sewage Treatment Equipment is realized in structure Integration, but have the shortcomings that auxiliary device is more, structure is not compact enough;After technique micro, the impact resistance of system is poor;It is many Counting apparatus have good removal effect to Organic substance, and for nitrogen, phosphorus can not then reach discharge standard, it is difficult to realization is pushed away on a large scale It is wide to apply.
Therefore, complex management for rural decentralized wastewater feature and prior art presence, poor processing effect, occupation of land face The big shortcoming of product, need to seek it is a kind of suitable for rural decentralized wastewater purification without the need for professional and technical personnel is on duty, treatment effect Good, the integrated micro power ecological treatment apparatus of compact conformation.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is aimed at the defect that current rural decentralized wastewater processing meanss are present, there is provided a kind of rural area Decentralized wastewater integration micro power ecological treatment apparatus.The device is adapted to the sewage feature and economic technology condition of rural area, And it is without the need for technical professional is on duty, the integrated sewage treating apparatus of high treating effect, compact conformation.
A kind of rural decentralized wastewater integration micro power ecological treatment apparatus, including regulating reservoir, hydrolysis acidification pool, interval exposure Gas pond, sedimentation tank, tank, subsurface wastewater infiltration system and electric-control system;The top of regulating reservoir is higher than hydrolysis acidification pool, intermittent aerating Pond, sedimentation tank, tank, the top of subsurface wastewater infiltration system;
Wherein, regulating reservoir is the seal case of supreme lid, and the water inlet with filter screen and outlet are provided with regulating reservoir, Regulating reservoir is also comprising by the water pump of sewage transport to hydrolysis acidification pool and adjusting the fluid flowmeter of conveying capacity, water pump and liquid flow Gauge connects;The pond is used to store and convey sewage;
Hydrolysis acidification pool is the seal case of supreme lid, and water inlet and the downflow weir as water side, water are provided with pond In solution acidification pool, adjustable speed motor stirrer is set;Water inlet is affixed on bottom of pond inwall;Preferably, sewage treatment plant two is inoculated with pond The sludge in heavy pond;Hydrolysis acidification pool can not only play cushioning effect, and can improve Biodegradability of Wastewater, while connecing in pond The sludge planted provides necessary biological basis for subsurface wastewater infiltration system denitrogenation dephosphorizing;The downflow weir of water side, can make liquid uniform Overflow, so as to increase the contact area of sewage and air, increase the oxygen enriching effect of sewage;
Intermittent aerating pond is the seal case of supreme lid, and inside sedimentation tank, its bottom of pond is higher than sedimentation tank bottom of pond;Intermittently Aeration tank includes aerator and oxygen increasing pump, and outlet is provided with pond, and aerator is connected with oxygen increasing pump;Outlet is located at cell body Top, aerator are located at bottom of pond, and oxygen increasing pump is located at outside pond;Intermittent aerating pond is to pass through formula, can pass through formula for both can be with Air Exposure is not carried out to sewage when sewage flows through intermittent aerating pond, it is also possible to when sewage flows through intermittent aerating pond to sewage Carry out Air Exposure;Near hydrolysis acidification pool downflow weir side inside Aeration tank, one piece of setting is parallel with the downflow weir to erect Straight baffle plate, has space between baffle plate lower end and Aeration tank bottom, upper end is concordant with Aeration tank upper end so that after hydrolysis acidification pool process Space overflow of the sewage between baffle plate lower end and Aeration tank bottom enter Aeration tank, sewage can flow directly into the bottom of pond of Aeration tank Portion;The pond can not only increase the mobility of sewage, and sewage can be made fully oxygen-enriched;
Preferably, intermittent aerating pond is additionally provided with the mass air flow sensor being connected with aerator, and mass air flow sensor is by control Oxygen increasing pump can flexibly control the aeration rate of aerator;Aerator is platy fine bubble aerator, and aerator bottom arranges non-return Valve gear, can effectively prevent sludge blockage gas distribution pipe;
Sedimentation tank is the seal case of supreme lid, and downflow weir and water inlet as water side are provided with pond;Water inlet Positioned at cell body bottom, water side downflow weir is concordant with the outlet in intermittent aerating pond;The pond be used to precipitating sludge in sewage and Impurity;
Tank is the seal case of supreme lid, in pond is provided with outlet;The pond is used to distribute for subsurface wastewater infiltration system The water yield;
Subsurface wastewater infiltration system is the sealing earth pillar casing of supreme lid;Casing is provided with water inlet, and box house is provided with cloth Water pipe and the multiple water spraying pipes vertical with water distributor, and semi-cylindrical impermeable tank is set in water spraying pipe bottom;The pond conduct The core cell of integrated apparatus can depth remove sewage in pollutant, especially with preferable Nitrogen/Phosphorus Removal;
Electric-control system is used to control to adjust the water pump in pond, the adjustable speed motor stirrer of hydrolysis acidification pool and intermittent aerating pond Oxygen increasing pump;
The outlet of regulating reservoir is connected by water pipe with the water inlet of hydrolysis acidification pool, and hydrolysis acidification pool is overflow by water side Stream weir is connected with intermittent aerating pond, and the outlet in intermittent aerating pond is connected by water pipe with the water inlet of sedimentation tank, and sedimentation tank leads to Cross water side downflow weir to be connected with tank, the outlet of tank is connected by water pipe with the water inlet of subsurface wastewater infiltration system; The oxygen increasing pump of electric-control system water pump, the adjustable speed motor stirrer of hydrolysis acidification pool and intermittent aerating pond respectively with regulating reservoir connects Connect;
Preferably, tank is parallel 2 sets with subsurface wastewater infiltration system setting, and 2 tanks are provided with the gear of downflow weir by upper end Plate separates, and tank is connected with the water pipe equipped with electromagnetic valve at the connecting water pipe with subsurface wastewater infiltration system, and 2 sets of undergrounds are oozed Filter system parallel connection;On the one hand two sets of systems can adopt solenoid valve control cycle of operation, make system keep intermittent operating state; On the other hand in case some do not predict sewage quantity increases suddenly, two sets of systems can be run simultaneously, effectively prevent subsurface wastewater infiltration system In waterflooding state when affect device treatment effect;
More preferably, whole device is arranged in a casing, is embedded in underground, regulating reservoir top is higher by ground surface, and will Electric-control system, oxygen increasing pump, fluid flowmeter are installed on the ground, are also mounted on the ground when air mass flow timing is arranged, hydrolysis acidification Pond, intermittent aerating pond, sedimentation tank, subsurface wastewater infiltration system top it is concordant with earth's surface, the top layer of subsurface wastewater infiltration system can be used as green Change land used, plant ground flora.
The present invention compared with prior art, with advantages below and beneficial effect:
(1) normal operation of the invention is on duty without the need for technical professional, and daily management and maintenance are carried out to device, right In the rural area for lacking specialized technical management personnel, the device has wide application space;
(2) high treating effect of the present invention, strong shock resistance can preferably adapt to rural decentralized wastewater water quality, the water yield The characteristics of changing big, denitrogenation dephosphorizing ability are strong, stable effluent quality;
(3) present invention is a kind of integrated integrated sewage treating apparatus, and materialization effect is coupled with Ecology Action, With Ecological Disposal feature, hydraulic principle is made full use of, the waterpower connection between each technique of ingehious design, except regulating reservoir is utilized Outside testing pump flow, current lean on flow by gravity substantially, reduce integrated apparatus operating cost, and this device construction and technique stream Journey is simple, is adapted to single household or many families share, so as to overcome rural decentralized wastewater to collect difficult problem, effectively reduce construction costs Investment, realizes the benign cycle of water resource.
Description of the drawings
Schematic perspective views of the Fig. 1 for 2 device of inventive embodiments (subsurface wastewater infiltration system does not insert soil);
Site plans of the Fig. 2 for 2 device of the embodiment of the present invention (subsurface wastewater infiltration system does not insert soil);
Fig. 3 is sectional views of the Fig. 2 along AA ' directions (subsurface wastewater infiltration system does not insert soil);
Fig. 4 is sectional views of the Fig. 2 along A ' A (subsurface wastewater infiltration system does not insert soil);
Fig. 5 is sectional views of the Fig. 2 along BB ' directions (subsurface wastewater infiltration system does not insert soil);
Wherein, in figure, reference is corresponding entitled:1-regulating reservoir, 2-hydrolysis acidification pool, 3-intermittent aerating pond, 4-sedimentation tank, 5-tank, 6-subsurface wastewater infiltration system, 7-motor, 8-water pump, 9-fluid flowmeter, 10-automatically controlled system System, 11-agitator, 12-aerator, 13-oxygen increasing pump, 14-mass air flow sensor, 15-outlet pipe, 16-water distributor, 17-water spraying pipe, 18-impermeable tank (Niemi groove), 19-ground flora, 20-baffle plate, 21-hydrolysis acidification pool water inlet, 22-hydrolysis acidification pool downflow weir, 23-intermittent aerating pond outlet, 24-sedimentation tank water inlet, 25-sedimentation tank downflow weir.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, and embodiments of the present invention are included but is not limited to The following example.
A kind of rural decentralized wastewater integration micro power ecological treatment apparatus, it is characterised in that including regulating reservoir, hydrolysis acid Change pond, intermittent aerating pond, sedimentation tank, tank, subsurface wastewater infiltration system and electric-control system;The top of regulating reservoir is higher than hydrolysis acidification Pond, intermittent aerating pond, sedimentation tank, tank, the top of subsurface wastewater infiltration system;
Wherein, described regulating reservoir is the seal case of supreme lid, comprising water pump and fluid flowmeter, is provided with band in pond The water inlet and outlet of filter screen, water pump are connected with fluid flowmeter;
Described hydrolysis acidification pool is the seal case of supreme lid, comprising adjustable speed motor stirrer, be provided with pond into The mouth of a river and the downflow weir as water side;
Described intermittent aerating pond is the seal case of supreme lid, comprising aerator and oxygen increasing pump, is provided with out in pond The mouth of a river, aerator are connected with oxygen increasing pump;Intermittent aerating pond is to pass through formula;
Described sedimentation tank is the seal case of supreme lid, and water inlet and the downflow weir as water side are provided with pond;
Described tank is the seal case of supreme lid, in pond is provided with outlet;
Described subsurface wastewater infiltration system is the sealing earth pillar casing of supreme lid, and casing is provided with water inlet, and box house sets Water distributor and the multiple water spraying pipes vertical with water distributor are equipped with, and semi-cylindrical impermeable tank is set in water spraying pipe bottom;
The regulating reservoir is connected by water pipe with hydrolysis acidification pool, and hydrolysis acidification pool is exposed with interval by water side downflow weir Gas pond connects, and intermittent aerating pond is connected by water pipe with sedimentation tank, and sedimentation tank is connected with tank by water side downflow weir, storage Pond is connected by water pipe with the water inlet of subsurface wastewater infiltration system;Electric-control system water pump respectively with regulating reservoir, hydrolysis acidification pool Adjustable speed motor stirrer and intermittent aerating pond oxygen increasing pump connection.
Embodiment 1
A kind of rural decentralized wastewater integration micro power ecological treatment apparatus, including regulating reservoir 1, hydrolysis acidification pool 2, interval Aeration tank 3, sedimentation tank 4, tank 5, subsurface wastewater infiltration system 6 and electric-control system 10;The top of regulating reservoir 1 is higher than hydrolysis acidification pool 2nd, intermittent aerating pond 3, sedimentation tank 4, tank 5, the top of subsurface wastewater infiltration system 6;
Wherein, regulating reservoir is the seal case of supreme lid, and the water inlet with filter screen and outlet are provided with regulating reservoir, Regulating reservoir is comprising by the water pump 8 of sewage transport to hydrolysis acidification pool and adjusting the fluid flowmeter 9 of carrying capacity, water pump 8 and liquid Effusion meter 9 connects, and water pump 8 is MP-40RM magnetic force feed pumps, and fluid flowmeter 9 is LZB-ZW tiny flow quantity metal pipe float streams Gauge;For storing and conveying sewage;
Hydrolysis acidification pool 2 is the seal case of supreme lid, is provided with hydrolysis acidification pool water inlet 21 and as water outlet in pond The hydrolysis acidification pool downflow weir 22 at end, arranges agitator 11 in hydrolysis acidification pool 2, agitator 11 provides power, motor by motor 7 7 is adjustable speed motor, in 2 top crossbaring of hydrolysis acidification pool, to fix motor 7 and agitator 11, wherein, motor 7 is selected Power is 60W, the buncher that revolution is 0~36r/min, and agitator 11 is connected by shaft coupling with buncher, is fixed on On crossbeam, agitator 11 selects stainless steel, is respectively provided with fan-shaped paddle in 11 bottom of agitator and middle part, flexibly can control Mixing speed processed and mixing cycle, in pond, it is inoculated with the sludge of certain secondary sedimentation tank of sewage treatment work;Hydrolysis acidification pool water inlet 21 is affixed on Bottom of pond inwall;Hydrolysis acidification pool 2 can not only play cushioning effect, and can improve Biodegradability of Wastewater, while connecing in pond The sludge planted provides necessary biological basis for subsurface wastewater infiltration system denitrogenation dephosphorizing;The hydrolysis acidification pool downflow weir 22 of water side, Liquid can be made uniformly to overflow, so as to increase the contact area of sewage and air, increase the oxygen enriching effect of sewage;
Seal case of the intermittent aerating pond 3 for supreme lid, inside sedimentation tank, bottom of pond of its bottom of pond higher than sedimentation tank 2; Intermittent aerating pond 3 includes aerator 12, oxygen increasing pump 13 and mass air flow sensor 14, and intermittent aerating pond outlet 23 is provided with pond, Aerator 12 is located at bottom of pond, and oxygen increasing pump 13 and mass air flow sensor 14 are located at outside pond, and intermittent aerating pond outlet 23 is located at cell body Top, aerator 12 are connected with mass air flow sensor 14, and mass air flow sensor 14 is connected with oxygen increasing pump 13, and mass air flow sensor 14 passes through Control oxygen increasing pump 13 can flexibly control the aeration rate of aerator 12, the model Y-40B oxygen increasing pump of oxygen increasing pump 13, air mass flow It is 0.2~2.5m that meter 14 is flow3The spinner flowmeter of/h;Formula can be passed through for both can be with can to pass through formula in intermittent aerating pond 3 Air Exposure is not carried out to sewage when sewage flows through intermittent aerating pond, it is also possible to when sewage flows through intermittent aerating pond to sewage Air Exposure is carried out, so only when integrated apparatus effluent quality is bad, can just start aerator 12;Aerator 12 For platy fine bubble aerator, aerator bottom sets check valve apparatus, can effectively prevent sludge blockage gas distribution pipe;In intermittent aerating pond Near 22 side of hydrolysis acidification pool downflow weir inside 3, one piece of vertical baffle 20 parallel with the downflow weir, 20 lower end of baffle plate are set There is space between 3 bottom of intermittent aerating pond, upper end is concordant with 3 upper end of intermittent aerating pond so that the dirt after the process of hydrolysis acidification pool 2 Water enters Aeration tank from the space overflow between 3 bottom of 20 lower end of baffle plate and intermittent aerating pond, and sewage can flow directly into the pond of Aeration tank Bottom;The pond can not only increase the mobility of sewage, and sewage can be made fully oxygen-enriched;
Sedimentation tank 4 is the seal case of supreme lid, and sedimentation tank water inlet 24 and the precipitation as water side are provided with pond Pond downflow weir 25, sedimentation tank water inlet 24 are located at cell body bottom, the water outlet in water side sedimentation tank downflow weir 25 and intermittent aerating pond 3 Mouth is concordant;The pond is used to precipitate the sludge and impurity in sewage;
Tank 5 is the seal case of supreme lid, in pond is provided with outlet;The pond is used to distribute for subsurface wastewater infiltration system The water yield;
The sealing earth pillar casing of 6 supreme lid of subsurface wastewater infiltration system, its top layer can be used for land use for greening, and casing is provided with into water Mouthful, box house is provided with water distributor 16 and the multiple water spraying pipes 17 vertical with water distributor 16, and arranges in 17 bottom of water spraying pipe Semi-cylindrical impermeable tank 18;As integrated apparatus core cell can depth remove sewage in pollutant, especially have There is preferable Nitrogen/Phosphorus Removal;
Electric-control system is used for the increasing for controlling to adjust the water pump 8 in pond 1, the agitator 11 of hydrolysis acidification pool 2 and intermittent aerating pond 3 Oxygen pump 13;
Also, the outlet of regulating reservoir 1 is connected by water pipe with the water inlet 21 of hydrolysis acidification pool 2, hydrolysis acidification pool 2 leads to Cross water side downflow weir 22 to be connected with intermittent aerating pond 3,3 outlet 23 of intermittent aerating pond is passed through with the water inlet 24 of sedimentation tank 4 Outlet pipe 15 connects, and sedimentation tank 4 is connected with tank 5 by water side sedimentation tank downflow weir 25, the outlet of tank 5 with The water inlet of lower filtration system 6 is connected by water pipe;Electric-control system water pump 8 respectively with regulating reservoir 1, hydrolysis acidification pool 2 are stirred The oxygen increasing pump 13 for mixing device 11 and intermittent aerating pond 3 connects;
The device is arranged in a casing, underground is embedded in, ground surface 300-600mm at the top of regulating reservoir 1, is higher by, and will Electric-control system 10, oxygen increasing pump 13, fluid flowmeter 9 and mass air flow sensor 14 are arranged on earth's surface, hydrolysis acidification pool 2, intermittent aerating Pond 3, sedimentation tank 4, subsurface wastewater infiltration system 6 top it is concordant with earth's surface, the top layer of subsurface wastewater infiltration system 6 can as land use for greening, Plantation ground flora 19.
When this apparatus is used, sanitary sewage initially enters 1 regulating water quality of regulating reservoir and the water yield, removes sewage by filter screen In floating thing, granular solids float, then Jing fluid flowmeters 9 adjust flow sewage is squeezed into into hydrolysis acidification by water pump 8 2 bottom of pond, sewage are entered by 2 bottom of hydrolysis acidification pool, upper end overflow water outlet, make muddy water mix homogeneously using agitator 11, and by Buncher 7 controls mixing speed, sewage carried out retaining, adsorbed by the microorganism in the sludge that is inoculated with hydrolysis acidification pool 2, Degradation, by difficult degradation, larger molecular organicses are degraded to degradable, small organic molecule, and go to part in eliminating water CODcr、BOD5, nitrogen, the pollutant such as phosphorus, improve the biodegradability of sewage, remove solid suspension, alleviate follow-up system blocking, prolong Growth device service life, and necessary biological basis are provided for 6 denitrogenation dephosphorizing of subsurface wastewater infiltration system, improve the place of integrated apparatus Reason effect;The seed sludge of hydrolysis acidification pool 2 takes from certain secondary sedimentation tank of sewage treatment work sludge, and seed sludge is used for the hydrolysis of early stage The startup stage of acidification pool 2, when 2 sludge acclimatization of hydrolysis acidification pool is completed, into steady operation period, in running, hydrolysis Acidifying can generate new sludge, need to discharge once the sludge in pond in the cycle for 15~20 days;
Sewage overflow Jing after the process of hydrolysis acidification pool 2 enters intermittent aerating pond 3, and the baffle plate 20 in Jing intermittent aeratings pond 3 changes Fouling current direction, makes sewage flow into from the bottom in intermittent aerating pond 3, on the one hand increased the mobility of sewage, so as to increase dirt The naturally oxygen-enriched ability of water, on the other hand, when aerator starts, it is ensured that oxygenation is abundant, the aeration in intermittent aerating pond 3 Measure and controlled by the mass air flow sensor 14 of connection oxygen increasing pump 13;
Sewage in intermittent aerating pond 3, is overflowed in precipitating water from the bottom for flowing into 4 cell body of sedimentation tank by outlet pipe 15 The impurity of sludge and a small amount of residual, due to spill-out it is less, can Jing carry out labor cleaning and sludge reflux, Jing precipitations for a period of time Sewage overflow enter tank 5, carry out water operation;
Jing flow by gravities enter subsurface wastewater infiltration system 6 and carry out advanced treating sewage again, first uniformly divide sewage by water distributor 16 Cloth is to water spraying pipe 17, then the semi-cylindrical impermeable tank 18 (Niemi groove) penetrated under which, forms the gravitional force and hair of water Tubule potential energy peak, water are moved under the effect of soil capillary potential energy upwards, and weight is increased while consuming capillary potential energy Power potential energy, when gravitional force is more than capillary potential energy, makes water permeate downwards, during sewage is oozed under, by substrate The effect of absorption, filtration, precipitation and soil microorganism further removes CODcr、BOD5, nitrogen, the pollutant such as phosphorus.
Whole device flow is controlled by the fluid flowmeter 9 of regulating reservoir, except regulating reservoir water pump and hydrolysis acidification pool stirring electricity Machine power consumption is outer, and drainage flow leans on flow by gravity, hydrolysis acidification sludge only need to manually carry out periodic exhaustion substantially, without the need for additionally consuming Can, operating cost is low, and whole device is embedded in underground, and surface can also may be used while surrounding is not affected as land use for greening Make full use of space.
Embodiment 2
On the basis of 1 device of embodiment, tank 5 and subsurface wastewater infiltration system 6 arrange 2 sets, and 2 tanks 5 are by upper end The baffle plate for being provided with downflow weir separates, and is being connected with the water pipe equipped with electromagnetic valve with the connecting water pipe of subsurface wastewater infiltration system 6,2 Set 6 parallel connection of subsurface wastewater infiltration system;On the one hand two sets of systems can adopt solenoid valve control cycle of operation, make system keep interval Running status;On the other hand in case some do not predict sewage quantity increases suddenly, two sets of systems can be run simultaneously, effectively prevent underground Filtration system is in waterflooding state, affects device treatment effect.
Wherein, in order to clearly show the water distributor 16 in 6 earth pillar casing of subsurface wastewater infiltration system, water spraying pipe 17 and semicolumn The relation of the impermeable tank 18 of shape, shown in the site plan of 2 present invention of schematic perspective view and accompanying drawing of 1 present invention of accompanying drawing Soil is not inserted in subsurface wastewater infiltration system 6.
Embodiment 3
On the basis of embodiment 2,3 bottom of pond of intermittent aerating pond and 4 bottom of pond of sedimentation tank distance is 400-600mm, agitator 11 Apart from 2 bottom of pond 80-100mm of hydrolysis acidification pool, the water pipe internal diameter for connecting each pond is 20-30mm, intermittent aerating pond outlet 23 away from 10-20mm is pushed up from pond, apart from bottom of pond 20-30mm, sedimentation tank water inlet 24 is apart from pond for the bottom of the baffle plate 20 in intermittent aerating pond 3 Bottom 20-30mm, intermittent aerating pond outlet 23 are concordant with the water side sedimentation tank downflow weir 25 of sedimentation tank, and 16 internal diameter of water distributor is 20-30mm, 17 internal diameter of water spraying pipe are 15-25mm, and semi-cylindrical 18 internal diameter of impermeable tank is 300-600mm.
Embodiment 4
On the basis of embodiment 3, the treatment scale of device is 0.16t/d, integrated apparatus size be 2280mm × 1200mm × 1000mm, wherein regulating reservoir are higher by ground surface 350mm, then its size is 400mm × 300mm × 1350mm, is hydrolyzed Acidifying pool size be 400mm × 400mm × 1000mm, intermittent aerating pool size be 400mm × 200mm × 500mm, sedimentation tank chi It is very little for 400mm × 300mm × 1000mm, 2 water storage pool sizes are 80mm × 600mm × 350mm, 2 sets of subsurface wastewater infiltration systems Size is 1800mm × 600mm × 1000mm.The hydrolysis acidification time of staying is 2.5h, and mixing speed is 10r/min, and underground is oozed Filter system psychrometric ratio is 1.3:1 (24h), hydraulic load is 13cm/d, two sets of subsurface wastewater infiltration system intermittent duties.
Treatment effect see the table below 1:
Table 1, the analysis of 4 device treatment effect of embodiment
According to upper table data display, this integration ecological processing means has preferable treatment effect to COD, TP, to NH4 +Though-N, TN removal is not ideal, which disclosure satisfy that country《Urban sewage reutilization-urban afforestation water water quality》(GB/ T18921-2002) standard, water outlet can be used for greening.
Embodiment 5
On the basis of embodiment 3, device treatment scale be 0.2t/d, integrated apparatus size be 2520mm × 1200mm × 1100mm, wherein regulating reservoir are higher by ground surface 450mm, then its size be 400mm × 350mm × 1550mm, hydrolysis acidification pool chi Very little intermittent aerating pool size is 400mm × 150mm × 550mm for 400mm × 400mm × 1100mm, and precipitation pool size is 400mm × 300mm × 1100mm, 2 water storage pool sizes are 120mm × 600mm × 350mm, 2 sets of subsurface wastewater infiltration system sizes It is 2000mm × 600mm × 1100mm.The hydrolysis acidification time of staying is 3.0h, and mixing speed is 15r/min, subsurface infiltration system System psychrometric ratio is 1.5:1 (24h), hydraulic load is 14cm/d, two sets of subsurface wastewater infiltration system intermittent duties.
Treatment effect see the table below 2:
Table 2, the analysis of 5 device treatment effect of embodiment
According to upper table data display, Jing this integration ecological processing means process rural decentralized wastewater, and water outlet meets country 《Urban sewage reutilization-urban afforestation water water quality》(GB/T18921-2002) standard, water outlet can be used for greening.
Embodiment 6
On the basis of embodiment 3, device treatment scale is 0.25t/d, and integrated apparatus size is 2600mm × 1400mm × 1200mm, wherein regulating reservoir are higher by ground surface 550mm, then its size be 450mm × 320mm × 1750mm, hydrolysis acidification pool Size is 450mm × 450mm × 1200mm, and intermittent aerating pool size is 450mm × 200mm × 700mm, precipitates pool size and is 450mm × 430mm × 1200mm, 2 water storage pool sizes are 150mm × 700mm × 400mm, 2 sets of subsurface wastewater infiltration system sizes It is 2000mm × 700mm × 1200mm.The hydrolysis acidification time of staying is 3.5h, and mixing speed is 20r/min, subsurface infiltration system System psychrometric ratio is 1.4:1 (24h), hydraulic load is 15cm/d, two sets of subsurface wastewater infiltration system intermittent duties.
Treatment effect see the table below 3:
Table 3, the analysis of 6 device treatment effect of embodiment
According to upper table data display, Jing this integration ecological processing means process rural decentralized wastewater, and water outlet meets country 《Urban sewage reutilization-urban afforestation water water quality》(GB/T18921-2002) standard, water outlet can be used for greening.
It should be noted that:The invention provides a kind of thinking and method, implement the method and approach of the technical scheme A lot, above-described embodiment is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention.On the premise of based on said structure design, it is that solution is same Technical problem, technical staff can be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or some technical characteristics are entered Row equivalent.All any retouchings done in the spirit and principles in the present invention and improvement, are all contained in the protection of the present invention Within the scope of.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of rural decentralized wastewater integration micro power ecological treatment apparatus, it is characterised in that including regulating reservoir, hydrolysis acidification Pond, intermittent aerating pond, sedimentation tank, tank, subsurface wastewater infiltration system and electric-control system;The top of regulating reservoir is higher than hydrolysis acidification Pond, intermittent aerating pond, sedimentation tank, tank, the top of subsurface wastewater infiltration system;
Wherein, described regulating reservoir is the seal case of supreme lid, comprising water pump and fluid flowmeter, band filter screen is provided with pond Water inlet and outlet, water pump is connected with fluid flowmeter;
Described hydrolysis acidification pool is the seal case of supreme lid, comprising adjustable speed motor stirrer, is provided with water inlet in pond With the downflow weir as water side;
Sludge of the inoculation from secondary sedimentation tank of sewage treatment work in described hydrolysis acidification pool;
Described intermittent aerating pond is the seal case of supreme lid, comprising aerator and oxygen increasing pump, is provided with outlet in pond, Aerator is connected with oxygen increasing pump;Intermittent aerating pond is to pass through formula;
Described sedimentation tank is the seal case of supreme lid, and water inlet and the downflow weir as water side are provided with pond;
Described tank is the seal case of supreme lid, in pond is provided with outlet;
Described subsurface wastewater infiltration system is the sealing earth pillar casing of supreme lid, and casing is provided with water inlet, and box house is provided with Water distributor and the multiple water spraying pipes vertical with water distributor, and semi-cylindrical impermeable tank is set in water spraying pipe bottom;
The regulating reservoir is connected by water pipe with hydrolysis acidification pool, and hydrolysis acidification pool is by water side downflow weir and intermittent aerating pond Connection, intermittent aerating pond are connected by water pipe with sedimentation tank, and sedimentation tank is connected with tank by water side downflow weir, tank It is connected by water pipe with subsurface wastewater infiltration system;Electric-control system is electronic with the adjustable speed of the water pump of regulating reservoir, hydrolysis acidification pool respectively The oxygen increasing pump connection in agitator and intermittent aerating pond.
2. a kind of rural decentralized wastewater integration micro power ecological treatment apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that The water inlet of described hydrolysis acidification pool is affixed on bottom of pond inwall;The outlet in the intermittent aerating pond is located at cell body top;It is described The water inlet of sedimentation tank is located at cell body bottom;The outlet in the intermittent aerating pond is concordant with the water side downflow weir of sedimentation tank.
3. a kind of rural decentralized wastewater integration micro power ecological treatment apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that The water pump of the regulating reservoir is located in pond, and fluid flowmeter is located at outside pond;The aerator in the intermittent aerating pond is located at bottom of pond, Oxygen increasing pump is located at outside pond.
4. a kind of rural decentralized wastewater integration micro power ecological treatment apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that The intermittent aerating pond is located inside sedimentation tank, and its bottom of pond is higher than sedimentation tank bottom of pond.
5. the integrated micro power ecological treatment apparatus of a kind of rural decentralized wastewater according to claim 1 or 4, its feature exist In, near hydrolysis acidification pool downflow weir side inside intermittent aerating pond, one piece of vertical baffle parallel with the downflow weir is set, There is space between baffle plate lower end and Aeration tank bottom, upper end is concordant with Aeration tank upper end.
6. the integrated micro power ecological treatment apparatus of a kind of rural decentralized wastewater according to claim 1 or 4, its feature exist In the intermittent aerating pond is additionally provided with the mass air flow sensor being connected with aerator, and mass air flow sensor is located at outside pond.
7. a kind of rural decentralized wastewater integration micro power ecological treatment apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Described aerator is platy fine bubble aerator, and aerator bottom arranges check valve apparatus.
8. a kind of rural decentralized wastewater integration micro power ecological treatment apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Described tank and subsurface wastewater infiltration system are set to 2 sets, and 2 tanks are separated by the baffle plate that upper end is provided with downflow weir, and Tank is connected with the water pipe equipped with electromagnetic valve at the connecting water pipe with subsurface wastewater infiltration system, and 2 sets of subsurface wastewater infiltration systems are parallel It is in parallel.
9. a kind of rural decentralized wastewater integration micro power ecological treatment apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Described device is arranged in a casing, is embedded in underground, and regulating reservoir top is higher by ground surface, hydrolysis acidification pool, intermittent aerating pond, Sedimentation tank, subsurface wastewater infiltration system top it is concordant with earth's surface, earth's surface can be planted as land use for greening in the top layer of subsurface wastewater infiltration system Plant.
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Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002045885A (en) * 2000-07-28 2002-02-12 Miki Sato Livestock waste water treating device
CN101323480A (en) * 2008-07-24 2008-12-17 沈阳师范大学 Sewerage soil filtration method and apparatus
CN104671408A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-06-03 广西汇泰环保科技有限公司 Scattered small integrated sewage processing device for rural areas

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002045885A (en) * 2000-07-28 2002-02-12 Miki Sato Livestock waste water treating device
CN101323480A (en) * 2008-07-24 2008-12-17 沈阳师范大学 Sewerage soil filtration method and apparatus
CN104671408A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-06-03 广西汇泰环保科技有限公司 Scattered small integrated sewage processing device for rural areas

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