CN104876527A - High-strength mixed unfired hollow brick and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

High-strength mixed unfired hollow brick and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104876527A
CN104876527A CN201510248038.5A CN201510248038A CN104876527A CN 104876527 A CN104876527 A CN 104876527A CN 201510248038 A CN201510248038 A CN 201510248038A CN 104876527 A CN104876527 A CN 104876527A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
water
hollow brick
strength
brick
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Pending
Application number
CN201510248038.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱春
朱世军
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Bangbu Ying Jun Novel Wall Material Co Ltd
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Bangbu Ying Jun Novel Wall Material Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Bangbu Ying Jun Novel Wall Material Co Ltd filed Critical Bangbu Ying Jun Novel Wall Material Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510248038.5A priority Critical patent/CN104876527A/en
Publication of CN104876527A publication Critical patent/CN104876527A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-strength mixed unfired hollow brick. The invention is characterized in that the hollow brick is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 10-12 parts of Portland cement, 0.5-0.8 part of triethanolamine, 12-16 parts of calcium carbide paste, 18-21 parts of waste molding sand, 3-5 parts of water glass, 1-2 parts of ammonium hydroxide, 3-5 parts of polypropylene fiber, 4-5 parts of bristle, 30-35 parts of shale, 7-9 parts of iron tailing, 15-18 parts of synergist and a right amount of water. By adding the calcium carbide paste, waste molding sand and other raw materials to prepare the hollow brick, the manufacturing cost of the hollow brick is lowered, and the hollow brick has high strength, can not be easily damaged and utilizes the wastes. The bristle, polypropylene fiber and the like are added to enhance the toughness and strength of the product. By adding the synergist prepared by the special technique, the hollow brick has the characteristics of light weight, high strength, water resistance, thermal insulation and bacterium and mildew resistance. By adopting the unfiring process, the technique is convenient for operation, the hollow brick has the advantages of light weight, high strength, fuel saving, shock resistance and water resistance, and the thermal insulation property and sound insulation property of the brick are improved.

Description

A kind of high strength mixed type non-calcine hollow brick and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building material field, particularly a kind of high strength mixed type non-calcine hollow brick and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Along with the development of construction industry, increasing to the demand of hollow brick, can consume a large amount of resources owing to manufacturing hollow brick, as clay and cement, cost is high, does not meet resource-effective principle, day by day can not adapt to the demand of society.Along with country forbids producing and prohibitting the use the policy of clay brick to continually strengthen, for havoc land resources, the clay brick of pollutant atmosphere will be forced to exit building material market gradually.
The present invention adds the raw material such as calcium carbide cream, discarded molding sand and makes hollow brick, not only solve the problem of building trade to the heavy demand of hollow brick, reduce the cost of manufacture of hollow brick, and intensity is high, be not easy to damage, waste material is recycled, decreases environmental pollution, there is important production practice meaning; Add bristles, polypropylene fibre etc., enhance toughness and the intensity of product; Add the synergistic agent made of special process, have that light weight, intensity are large, waterproof, insulation, antibacterial and mouldproof feature; The present invention adopts unburned technique, technique convenient operation, lightweight, high strength, fuel saving, shockproof, waterproof, and the heat-and sound-insulating performance improving brick.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of high strength mixed type non-calcine hollow brick and preparation method thereof.
In order to realize object of the present invention, the present invention is by following scheme implementation:
A kind of high strength mixed type non-calcine hollow brick, be made up of the raw material of following weight part: Portland cement 10-12, trolamine 0.5-0.8, calcium carbide cream 12-16, discard molding sand 18-21, water glass 3-5, ammonium hydroxide 1-2, polypropylene fibre 3-5, bristles 4-5, shale 30-35, iron tailings 7-9, synergistic agent 15-18, water are appropriate;
Described synergistic agent is prepared from by the raw material of following weight part: calcium stearate 1-2, formaldehyde polyvinyl acetal stick agent 1-1.5, Portland cement 4-6, polyphenyl foam particle 3-5, ramee 10-12, leaf sheath fibres of Fortune Windmillpalm 9-11, corn cob 13-15, fallen leaves 5-7, bamboo charcoal 3-5, redispersable latex powder 2-3, polyvinylpyrrolidone 1-2, water 15-20; Preparation method is as follows: first ramee, leaf sheath fibres of Fortune Windmillpalm, corn cob, fallen leaves, bamboo charcoal are dried under 50-60 DEG C of condition after and polyphenyl foam particle powder mix be broken into 180-200 order mixed powder; then redispersable latex powder, polyvinylpyrrolidone are added the water of 2-3 times amount; mixed powder is added after stirring; put into forcing machine granulation again; finally Portland cement and all the other remaining components are made mixed slurry; pulp spraying is sprinkled upon particle surface, and natural air drying hardens and obtains synergistic agent.
A kind of high strength mixed type non-calcine hollow brick of the present invention, be made up of following concrete steps:
(1) 80-100 object powder is ground into by after calcium carbide cream, discarded molding sand, polypropylene fibre, bristles, shale, iron tailings mixing, then water glass, suitable quantity of water is added, add all the other remaining components except ordinary Portland cement, trolamine, synergistic agent after mix and blend 10-15 minute, continuing to add water stirs into mixed slurry;
(2) ordinary Portland cement, trolamine, synergistic agent are added water and stir, then with mixed slurry mix and blend 8-10 minute in step (1), then pour in brick press mould and be pressed, at 30 DEG C-50 DEG C maintenance 10-24 hour, finally demould, puts at room temperature moisture-keeping maintaining 28 by the product after shaping and namely obtains fragment of brick of the present invention.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention adds the raw material such as calcium carbide cream, discarded molding sand and makes hollow brick, reduce the cost of manufacture of hollow brick, and intensity is high, is not easy to damage, utilization of waste material; Add bristles, polypropylene fibre etc., enhance toughness and the intensity of product; Add the synergistic agent made of special process, have that light weight, intensity are large, waterproof, insulation, antibacterial and mouldproof feature; The present invention adopts unburned technique, technique convenient operation, lightweight, high strength, fuel saving, shockproof, waterproof, and the heat-and sound-insulating performance improving brick.
Specific embodiments
Below by specific examples, the present invention is described in detail.
A kind of high strength mixed type non-calcine hollow brick, be made up of the raw material of following weight part (kilogram): Portland cement 10, trolamine 0.5, calcium carbide cream 12, discard molding sand 18, water glass 3, ammonium hydroxide 1, polypropylene fibre 3, bristles 4, shale 30, iron tailings 7, synergistic agent 15, water are appropriate;
Described synergistic agent is prepared from by the raw material of following weight part (kilogram): calcium stearate 1, formaldehyde polyvinyl acetal stick agent 1, Portland cement 4, polyphenyl foam particle 3, ramee 10, leaf sheath fibres of Fortune Windmillpalm 9, corn cob 13, fallen leaves 5, bamboo charcoal 3, redispersable latex powder 2, polyvinylpyrrolidone 1, water 15; Preparation method is as follows: first ramee, leaf sheath fibres of Fortune Windmillpalm, corn cob, fallen leaves, bamboo charcoal are dried under 50-60 DEG C of condition after and polyphenyl foam particle powder mix be broken into 180-200 order mixed powder; then redispersable latex powder, polyvinylpyrrolidone are added the water of 2-3 times amount; mixed powder is added after stirring; put into forcing machine granulation again; finally Portland cement and all the other remaining components are made mixed slurry; pulp spraying is sprinkled upon particle surface, and natural air drying hardens and obtains synergistic agent.
A kind of high strength mixed type non-calcine hollow brick of the present invention, be made up of following concrete steps:
(1) 80-100 object powder is ground into by after calcium carbide cream, discarded molding sand, polypropylene fibre, bristles, shale, iron tailings mixing, then water glass, suitable quantity of water is added, add all the other remaining components except ordinary Portland cement, trolamine, synergistic agent after mix and blend 10-15 minute, continuing to add water stirs into mixed slurry;
(2) ordinary Portland cement, trolamine, synergistic agent are added water and stir, then with mixed slurry mix and blend 8-10 minute in step (1), then pour in brick press mould and be pressed, at 30 DEG C-50 DEG C maintenance 10-24 hour, finally demould, puts at room temperature moisture-keeping maintaining 28 by the product after shaping and namely obtains fragment of brick of the present invention.
Through various test determination, the properties of hollow brick of the present invention is: porosity is 44.8%, and thermal conductivity is 0.064W/ (m.K), and ultimate compression strength is 14.9Mpa.

Claims (2)

1. a high strength mixed type non-calcine hollow brick, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight part: Portland cement 10-12, trolamine 0.5-0.8, calcium carbide cream 12-16, discarded molding sand 18-21, water glass 3-5, ammonium hydroxide 1-2, polypropylene fibre 3-5, bristles 4-5, shale 30-35, iron tailings 7-9, synergistic agent 15-18, water are appropriate;
Described synergistic agent is prepared from by the raw material of following weight part: calcium stearate 1-2, formaldehyde polyvinyl acetal stick agent 1-1.5, Portland cement 4-6, polyphenyl foam particle 3-5, ramee 10-12, leaf sheath fibres of Fortune Windmillpalm 9-11, corn cob 13-15, fallen leaves 5-7, bamboo charcoal 3-5, redispersable latex powder 2-3, polyvinylpyrrolidone 1-2, water 15-20; Preparation method is as follows: first ramee, leaf sheath fibres of Fortune Windmillpalm, corn cob, fallen leaves, bamboo charcoal are dried under 50-60 DEG C of condition after and polyphenyl foam particle powder mix be broken into 180-200 order mixed powder; then redispersable latex powder, polyvinylpyrrolidone are added the water of 2-3 times amount; mixed powder is added after stirring; put into forcing machine granulation again; finally Portland cement and all the other remaining components are made mixed slurry; pulp spraying is sprinkled upon particle surface, and natural air drying hardens and obtains synergistic agent.
2. a kind of high strength mixed type non-calcine hollow brick according to claim 1, is characterized in that, be made up of following concrete steps:
(1) 80-100 object powder is ground into by after calcium carbide cream, discarded molding sand, polypropylene fibre, bristles, shale, iron tailings mixing, then water glass, suitable quantity of water is added, add all the other remaining components except ordinary Portland cement, trolamine, synergistic agent after mix and blend 10-15 minute, continuing to add water stirs into mixed slurry;
(2) ordinary Portland cement, trolamine, synergistic agent are added water and stir, then with mixed slurry mix and blend 8-10 minute in step (1), then pour in brick press mould and be pressed, at 30 DEG C-50 DEG C maintenance 10-24 hour, finally demould, puts at room temperature moisture-keeping maintaining 28 by the product after shaping and namely obtains fragment of brick of the present invention.
CN201510248038.5A 2015-05-15 2015-05-15 High-strength mixed unfired hollow brick and preparation method thereof Pending CN104876527A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510248038.5A CN104876527A (en) 2015-05-15 2015-05-15 High-strength mixed unfired hollow brick and preparation method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510248038.5A CN104876527A (en) 2015-05-15 2015-05-15 High-strength mixed unfired hollow brick and preparation method thereof

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CN104876527A true CN104876527A (en) 2015-09-02

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107759245A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-03-06 柳州市闽贵砖厂 A kind of high intensity hollow brick and preparation method thereof

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101713230A (en) * 2009-11-03 2010-05-26 常新嘉 Porous air brick prepared by utilizing industrial waste dreg
CN104086129A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-10-08 安徽华业建工集团有限公司 Hollow brick and preparation method thereof
CN104211332A (en) * 2014-08-15 2014-12-17 五河鼎顺新型建材有限公司 Polyethylene foam plastic powder-containing heat insulation wall hollow brick and making method thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101713230A (en) * 2009-11-03 2010-05-26 常新嘉 Porous air brick prepared by utilizing industrial waste dreg
CN104086129A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-10-08 安徽华业建工集团有限公司 Hollow brick and preparation method thereof
CN104211332A (en) * 2014-08-15 2014-12-17 五河鼎顺新型建材有限公司 Polyethylene foam plastic powder-containing heat insulation wall hollow brick and making method thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107759245A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-03-06 柳州市闽贵砖厂 A kind of high intensity hollow brick and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20150902

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication