CN104874867A - High-precision and high-efficiency herringbone gear machine tool - Google Patents

High-precision and high-efficiency herringbone gear machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104874867A
CN104874867A CN201510223297.2A CN201510223297A CN104874867A CN 104874867 A CN104874867 A CN 104874867A CN 201510223297 A CN201510223297 A CN 201510223297A CN 104874867 A CN104874867 A CN 104874867A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vertical
axle
milling
axis
machine tool
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Pending
Application number
CN201510223297.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵福长
刘天寅
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Baoji Scientific And Technological Development Co Ltd Of New Fuquan Machinery
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Baoji Scientific And Technological Development Co Ltd Of New Fuquan Machinery
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Application filed by Baoji Scientific And Technological Development Co Ltd Of New Fuquan Machinery filed Critical Baoji Scientific And Technological Development Co Ltd Of New Fuquan Machinery
Priority to CN201510223297.2A priority Critical patent/CN104874867A/en
Publication of CN104874867A publication Critical patent/CN104874867A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a high-precision and high-efficiency herringbone gear machine tool. A gear milling upright column which can move along an X axis in the left-right direction is arranged on the left of the upper end surface of a main machine tool body; a worktable capable of rotating around a C axis is arranged on the right front portion of the main machine tool body; a vertical turning machine tool body is fixed on the right rear portion of the main machine tool body; a gear milling knife rest capable of moving along a Z axis in the up-down direction is arranged on the inner end surface of the gear milling upright column; a gear milling electric spindle capable of rotating around an S axis is horizontally arranged on the gear milling knife rest; a vertical turning upright column capable of moving along a U axis in the left-right direction is arranged on the inner end surface of the vertical turning machine tool body; and a vertical turning knife rest capable of moving along a W axis in the up-down direction is arranged on the vertical turning upright column. A turning function of a high-precision lathe and a milling function of a high-precision herringbone gear milling machine are combined, and the high-precision rotating worktable has a turning function and a milling function, so that herringbone gears can be turned and milled on the machine tool.

Description

High-accuracy high-efficiency herringbone bear machining tool
Technical field
The invention belongs to gear machining technology field, be specifically related to a kind of high-accuracy high-efficiency herringbone bear machining tool.
Background technology
Herringbone bear has smooth running, noise is little, bearing capacity is large, do not have the advantages such as axial force, in industry extensive application such as petroleum machinery, engineering machinery, mining machinery, boats and ships, along with fast development and the technology upgrading of these industries, the demand of high-accuracy herringbone gear increases day by day, and this has higher requirement to the precision of herringbone bear and working (machining) efficiency.
Traditional herringbone bear processing technology, normally by first for gear blank clamping on lathe, turning goes out the cylindrical of herringbone bear, endoporus and end face, and then clamping is on special double helical gear milling machine, mills out herringbone bear teeth groove.This traditional herringbone bear processing method, need turning and the Milling Process that just can be completed herringbone bear by lathe, double helical tooth tooth milling machine two lathes, due to needs secondary clamping, there is secondary clamping error, have impact on Gear Processing precision, and gear transhipment and secondary installing need to consume a large amount of time, cause herringbone bear to process non-cutting time too much, efficiency is very low.Therefore, the equipment that traditional herringbone bear processing needs is many, and occupied ground is large, manpower is many, the time of consumption is many, and secondary clamping brings again clamping error.Be exactly generally speaking, cost be high, efficiency is low, low precision.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome, the cost that traditional herringbone bear processing technology causes is high, efficiency is low, the problem of low precision, the present invention designs a kind of high-accuracy high-efficiency herringbone bear machining tool, the Milling Function of the turning function of smooth turning lathe and high-accuracy herringbone gear tooth milling machine is combined on a machine tool, and turning and the public high-precision rotary working-table of milling, thus realize on a machine tool, complete herringbone bear turning and Milling Process.
Technical solution of the present invention: a kind of high-accuracy high-efficiency herringbone bear machining tool, comprise main lathe bed, the upper surface left part of described main lathe bed is provided with the mill teeth column along X-axis side-to-side movement, the right front of described main lathe bed is provided with around the pivotal turning of C axle and the public workbench of milling, and the right back of described main lathe bed is fixed with vertical lathe body; The inner face of described mill teeth column is provided with the milling slide moved up and down along Z axis, and on described milling slide, level is provided with around the pivotal mill teeth electro spindle of S axle, by C axle, X-axis, Z axis three axle moving interpolation, is completed the milling of herringbone bear by S axle; The inner face of described vertical lathe body is provided with the vertical stay moved left and right along U axle, described vertical stay is provided with the vertical tool holder moved up and down along W axle, turned round around C axle on the table by workpiece, vertical stay is along the feed of U Axial and radial, vertical tool holder, along the axial feed of W axle, is completed the turning of excircle of workpiece, endoporus and end face by the lathe tool being fixed on vertical tool holder lower end.
Described mill teeth column is arranged on the top of main lathe bed by the first line slideway, the first ball-screw; Described milling slide is arranged on the inner face of mill teeth column by the second line slideway, the second ball-screw; Described vertical stay is arranged on the inner face of vertical lathe body by the 3rd line slideway, the 3rd ball-screw, and described vertical tool holder is arranged on vertical stay by the 4th line slideway, the 4th ball-screw.
The advantage that the present invention compared with prior art has and effect:
1, a machine tool can work as two lathes uses.High accuracy turning and high-accuracy herringbone gear Milling Function combined machine tool, instead of original smooth turning lathe and high accuracy milling machine, decreases lathe floor space, operating personnel and lathe use cost etc.
2, improve the machining accuracy of herringbone bear.Clamped one time completes turning, the Milling Process of herringbone bear, avoids the error that secondary clamping brings, and improves the accuracy of manufacture of herringbone bear machining accuracy grade and gear and center positioning hole.
3, improve herringbone bear working (machining) efficiency.Complete processing by the disposable clamping of a machine tool, eliminate the non-cutting times such as dismounting, transhipment, secondary clamping, calibration, greatly improve the working (machining) efficiency of herringbone bear.
4, Machine Manufacture cost has been saved.Two high accuracy machining tools are combined into a machine tool, have saved the machine tool component such as a set of digital control system, a high-precision rotary working-table, have greatly reduced Machine Manufacture cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural perspective of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
1 the first embodiment of the present invention is described by reference to the accompanying drawings.
A kind of high-accuracy high-efficiency herringbone bear machining tool, comprise main lathe bed 1, it is characterized in that: the upper surface left part of described main lathe bed 1 is provided with the mill teeth column 4 along X-axis side-to-side movement by the first line slideway 2, first ball-screw 3, the right front of described main lathe bed 1 is provided with around the pivotal turning of C axle and the public workbench 5 of milling, and the right back of described main lathe bed 1 is fixed with vertical lathe body 6; The inner face of described mill teeth column 4 is provided with by the second line slideway 7, second ball-screw 8 milling slide 9 moved up and down along Z axis, described milling slide 9 is horizontally installed with around the pivotal mill teeth electro spindle 10 of S axle, by C axle, X-axis, Z axis three axle moving interpolation, completed the milling of herringbone bear by S axle; The inner face of described vertical lathe body 6 is provided with by the 3rd line slideway 11, the 3rd ball-screw 12 the vertical stay 13 moved left and right along U axle, described vertical stay 13 is provided with by the 4th line slideway 14, the 4th ball-screw 15 the vertical tool holder 16 moved up and down along W axle, turned round around C axle on workbench 5 by workpiece, vertical stay 13 is along the feed of U Axial and radial, vertical tool holder 16, along the axial feed of W axle, is completed the turning of excircle of workpiece, endoporus and end face by the lathe tool being fixed on vertical tool holder 16 lower end.
Linear axis of the present invention selects high accuracy high rigidity roller line slideway, ball-screw, coordinates high accuracy planetary reduction gear, realizes Inertia Matching, make the location of linear axis and repetitive positioning accuracy reach 0.002um.The high-strength shaped milling cutter of high accuracy is selected in milling, coordinates high-power high-accuracy milling spindle, and ensure that form cutter can accurate clamping fast, axis and the circular runout of milling spindle control at 0.002um.Rotary table adopts precision to reach P2A level high accuracy rigid composite table shaft bearing structure, and axial, circular runout precision reaches 0.003mm, and axial carrying capacity can reach 10 tons.Workbench adopts high power high pulling torque direct drive of torque motor, and coordinate high accuracy circular grating, realize the transmission of high accuracy zero clearance, location and the repetitive positioning accuracy of workbench reach 3 ", compared with traditional turntable, there is unrivaled advantage.
Turning of the present invention and the public rotary table of milling.When carrying out herringbone bear cylindrical, endoporus, facing, lathe high-precision rotary working-table C axle turns round, the vertical stay U Axial and radial feed in the upper right corner, and the axial feed of vertical tool holder W axle, completes turning function by lathe tool; When carrying out the milling of herringbone bear teeth groove, high-precision rotary working-table C axle, the mill teeth column X-axis on the left side, milling slide Z axis, three axle moving interpolations, are completed the Milling Function of herringbone bear by mill teeth main shaft S axle.Clamped one time, just can complete turning, the Milling Process of high-accuracy herringbone gear expeditiously, solve traditional processing technology that high-accuracy herringbone gear processing needs smooth turning lathe, high accuracy tooth milling machine two lathes just can complete, and floor space is little, efficiency is high, reduce the processing cost of the use cost of lathe and herringbone bear.GB more than 6 grades Gear Processing precision can be reached.
Above-described embodiment, just preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not used for limiting the scope of the present invention, therefore all equivalent variations done with content described in the claims in the present invention, all should be included within the claims in the present invention scope.

Claims (2)

1. a high-accuracy high-efficiency herringbone bear machining tool, comprise main lathe bed (1), it is characterized in that: the upper surface left part of described main lathe bed (1) is provided with the mill teeth column (4) along X-axis side-to-side movement, the right front of described main lathe bed (1) is provided with around the pivotal turning of C axle and the public workbench of milling (5), and the right back of described main lathe bed (1) is fixed with vertical lathe body (6); The inner face of described mill teeth column (4) is provided with the milling slide (9) moved up and down along Z axis, the upper level of described milling slide (9) is provided with around the pivotal mill teeth electro spindle (10) of S axle, by C axle, X-axis, Z axis three axle moving interpolation, completed the milling of herringbone bear by S axle; The inner face of described vertical lathe body (6) is provided with the vertical stay (13) moved left and right along U axle, described vertical stay (13) is provided with the vertical tool holder (16) moved up and down along W axle, turned round around C axle on workbench (5) by workpiece, vertical stay (13) is along the feed of U Axial and radial, vertical tool holder (16), along the axial feed of W axle, is completed the turning of excircle of workpiece, endoporus and end face by the lathe tool being fixed on vertical tool holder (16) lower end.
2. high-accuracy high-efficiency herringbone bear machining tool as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described mill teeth column (4) is arranged on the top of main lathe bed (1) by the first line slideway (2), the first ball-screw (3); Described milling slide (9) is arranged on the inner face of mill teeth column (4) by the second line slideway (7), the second ball-screw (8); Described vertical stay (13) is arranged on the inner face of vertical lathe body (6) by the 3rd line slideway (11), the 3rd ball-screw (12), and described vertical tool holder (16) is arranged on vertical stay (13) by the 4th line slideway (14), the 4th ball-screw (15).
CN201510223297.2A 2015-05-06 2015-05-06 High-precision and high-efficiency herringbone gear machine tool Pending CN104874867A (en)

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CN201510223297.2A CN104874867A (en) 2015-05-06 2015-05-06 High-precision and high-efficiency herringbone gear machine tool

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108356364A (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-08-03 宝鸡市新福泉机械科技发展有限责任公司 A kind of herringbone bear processing unit (plant) and its turning and method for milling
CN108788258A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-13 西北工业大学 The double pillar construction lathes of the combined numerically controlled milling of blisk

Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB515239A (en) * 1937-06-14 1939-11-29 Nat Broach & Mach An improved method of and machine for finishing gears
US2749802A (en) * 1952-09-30 1956-06-12 Michigan Tool Co Shaving cutter for gears
JPS4814915B1 (en) * 1962-10-19 1973-05-10
US4543020A (en) * 1983-05-16 1985-09-24 Usm Corporation Method of manufacturing large gears
DE69804240T2 (en) * 1997-11-12 2002-09-05 Technologies Res Holding S A CENTERING DEVICE FOR DOUBLE TOOTHED GEARS AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SUCH GEARS
DE10211129A1 (en) * 2002-02-22 2003-10-16 Zahnradfabrik Friedrichshafen Device facilitating conduction of all steps required in production of meshing edges of workpieces
US20030210964A1 (en) * 2002-03-27 2003-11-13 Fitzgerald Brian M. Combination gear hobber, chamfer/debur and shaver apparatus and method
CN1491765A (en) * 2002-09-26 2004-04-28 株式会社森精机高科 Composite working machine tool and working method in composite working machine tool
CN201002151Y (en) * 2007-02-27 2008-01-09 天津市进口精密设备新技术发展公司 Four-shaft digital control gear milling machine
CN103302498A (en) * 2013-06-13 2013-09-18 江苏沙龙机电科技有限公司 Turning and hobbing composite machine tool
CN203292616U (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-11-20 武汉市精华减速机制造有限公司 High-precision herringbone gear processing device
CN104339175A (en) * 2013-08-08 2015-02-11 利勃海尔-齿轮技术有限责任公司 Machine tool and method for the machining of workpieces having at least two separate machining units
CN204673092U (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-09-30 宝鸡市新福泉机械科技发展有限责任公司 High-accuracy high-efficiency herringbone bear machining tool

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB515239A (en) * 1937-06-14 1939-11-29 Nat Broach & Mach An improved method of and machine for finishing gears
US2749802A (en) * 1952-09-30 1956-06-12 Michigan Tool Co Shaving cutter for gears
JPS4814915B1 (en) * 1962-10-19 1973-05-10
US4543020A (en) * 1983-05-16 1985-09-24 Usm Corporation Method of manufacturing large gears
DE69804240T2 (en) * 1997-11-12 2002-09-05 Technologies Res Holding S A CENTERING DEVICE FOR DOUBLE TOOTHED GEARS AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SUCH GEARS
DE10211129A1 (en) * 2002-02-22 2003-10-16 Zahnradfabrik Friedrichshafen Device facilitating conduction of all steps required in production of meshing edges of workpieces
US20030210964A1 (en) * 2002-03-27 2003-11-13 Fitzgerald Brian M. Combination gear hobber, chamfer/debur and shaver apparatus and method
CN1491765A (en) * 2002-09-26 2004-04-28 株式会社森精机高科 Composite working machine tool and working method in composite working machine tool
CN201002151Y (en) * 2007-02-27 2008-01-09 天津市进口精密设备新技术发展公司 Four-shaft digital control gear milling machine
CN203292616U (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-11-20 武汉市精华减速机制造有限公司 High-precision herringbone gear processing device
CN103302498A (en) * 2013-06-13 2013-09-18 江苏沙龙机电科技有限公司 Turning and hobbing composite machine tool
CN104339175A (en) * 2013-08-08 2015-02-11 利勃海尔-齿轮技术有限责任公司 Machine tool and method for the machining of workpieces having at least two separate machining units
CN204673092U (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-09-30 宝鸡市新福泉机械科技发展有限责任公司 High-accuracy high-efficiency herringbone bear machining tool

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108356364A (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-08-03 宝鸡市新福泉机械科技发展有限责任公司 A kind of herringbone bear processing unit (plant) and its turning and method for milling
CN108356364B (en) * 2018-05-14 2019-05-24 宝鸡市新福泉机械科技发展有限责任公司 A kind of herringbone bear processing unit (plant) and its turning and method for milling
CN108788258A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-13 西北工业大学 The double pillar construction lathes of the combined numerically controlled milling of blisk

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Application publication date: 20150902