CN104734620B - A kind of simple type solar energy composite utilizes device - Google Patents

A kind of simple type solar energy composite utilizes device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104734620B
CN104734620B CN201510161818.6A CN201510161818A CN104734620B CN 104734620 B CN104734620 B CN 104734620B CN 201510161818 A CN201510161818 A CN 201510161818A CN 104734620 B CN104734620 B CN 104734620B
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water
thermal
heat
water tank
frame
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CN104734620A (en
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袁银梅
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S20/00Solar heat collectors specially adapted for particular uses or environments
    • F24S20/40Solar heat collectors combined with other heat sources, e.g. using electrical heating or heat from ambient air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S23/00Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors
    • F24S23/70Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with reflectors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S30/20Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for linear movement
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S80/00Details, accessories or component parts of solar heat collectors not provided for in groups F24S10/00-F24S70/00
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/04Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as photovoltaic [PV] conversion devices
    • H01L31/052Cooling means directly associated or integrated with the PV cell, e.g. integrated Peltier elements for active cooling or heat sinks directly associated with the PV cells
    • H01L31/0521Cooling means directly associated or integrated with the PV cell, e.g. integrated Peltier elements for active cooling or heat sinks directly associated with the PV cells using a gaseous or a liquid coolant, e.g. air flow ventilation, water circulation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/04Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as photovoltaic [PV] conversion devices
    • H01L31/054Optical elements directly associated or integrated with the PV cell, e.g. light-reflecting means or light-concentrating means
    • H01L31/0547Optical elements directly associated or integrated with the PV cell, e.g. light-reflecting means or light-concentrating means comprising light concentrating means of the reflecting type, e.g. parabolic mirrors, concentrators using total internal reflection
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S20/00Solar heat collectors specially adapted for particular uses or environments
    • F24S2020/10Solar modules layout; Modular arrangements
    • F24S2020/17Arrangements of solar thermal modules combined with solar PV modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S23/00Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors
    • F24S23/70Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with reflectors
    • F24S2023/87Reflectors layout
    • F24S2023/872Assemblies of spaced reflective elements on common support, e.g. Fresnel reflectors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/52PV systems with concentrators

Abstract

Device is utilized the invention discloses a kind of simple type solar energy composite, belongs to field of solar energy utilization.The present invention includes support frame, beam condensing unit, thermal-arrest electrification component and hot-water collection's device, described beam condensing unit and thermal-arrest electrification component are arranged on support frame, plane mirror is housed in beam condensing unit, converged light is radiated at thermal-arrest electrification component outer surface, heat collection water tank is provided with thermal-arrest electrification component, the heat collection water tank is connected by water-supply-pipe with hot-water collection's device, and generating photovoltaic module and photovoltaic thermoelectric components are respectively arranged with water tank both sides.Constituted this invention simplifies the internal structure of thermal-arrest electrification component and system, by each device organic assembling, realize the function that photovoltaic generation, thermo-electric generation and luminous energy are heated, increased solar energy utilization ratio, improve thermal-arrest generating efficiency, reduce cost.

Description

A kind of simple type solar energy composite utilizes device
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of solar utilization technique, utilized more specifically to a kind of simple type solar energy composite Device.
Background technology
Solar energy heating technology continues to develop innovation, the extensive use in the every field of national economy, especially civilian Field, the application of solar cooker has obtained the accreditation of people, and the life for giving people brings convenience true.The common sun The principle of energy photovoltaic cell capable of generating power is that sunshine is irradiated on photovoltaic cell through cover plate and EVA, and photovoltaic cell absorbs what is passed through After solar energy, electric energy is changed out less than 20%, remaining is converted into heat, absorbed by battery component, finally scattered and disappeared in atmosphere. If can not be used, larger waste is on the one hand caused, another aspect heat is absorbed by photovoltaic module can make cell panel temperature Degree is raised, and the life-span of battery component is shortened while reducing generating efficiency.
The development trend of national policy is followed, civilian solar photovoltaic generation system will turn into common common family Electricity, and solar photovoltaic generation system can be towards generating, hot water, the development in pluralism such as cook.At present, existing photovoltaic Electricity generation system has had the function of carrying out generating electricity with hot water simultaneously, but lacks the efficient combination with other helioplants, In solar energy can not being used into life to greatest extent, such as Chinese Patent Application No.:201320450118.5, the applying date: On July 26th, 2013, invention and created name is:A kind of photovoltaic-photo-thermal-thermoelectricity utilization system, this application case is public A kind of photovoltaic-photo-thermal-thermoelectricity utilization system, including heat collector, photo-thermal insulation tub assembly and photovoltaic thermoelectricity are opened Control circuit, glass cover-plate, EVA packed layers, backboard, the first heat transfer plate, thermoelectric chip, the second heat transfer plate in heat collector, absolutely Hot material layer is laminated by aluminum alloy frame and fixed;Photo-thermal insulation tub assembly includes the first water pump, the second water pump, first order insulation Bucket, water level and temperature sensor, attemperating unit, magnetic valve, second level heat-preserving container and assisted heating device, in the heat-preserving container of the second level Portion is provided with assisted heating device;Controller is connected to after solar battery sheet in heat collector is in parallel with thermoelectric chip, is controlled Device is connected with battery, inverter respectively, and inverter is connected with load.The patent formula can be sent out electrically and thermally simultaneously Water, but system architecture is complicated, lacks concentrating device, and the utilization to solar energy is limited, and dissipated heat during hot water delivery Amount is more.
And for example Chinese Patent Application No.:201420221311.6, the applying date:On April 30th, 2014, invention and created name For:A kind of light collecting photovoltaic and photothermal generation comprehensive of solar cooker utilizes device, this application case include photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler, Light concentration type solar cooker and solar cooker and boiler support component, the sunshine that light concentration type solar cooker will be collected into are reflected to photovoltaic and photothermal Thermo-electric generation boiler;Top photovoltaic electrification component and bottom photovoltaic generation heat collecting device are respectively positioned at the top and bottom of body of heater, bottom Thermo-electric generation sheet is additionally provided between portion's photovoltaic generation heat collecting device and body of heater, solar energy power generating is used to.The patent formula Heat collector is combined with body of heater, and is assembled luminous energy using solar cooker.But the photovoltaic module in the program is directly anchored to boiler Upper and lower side, is influenceed by boiler oneself height, and hot water is relatively low in boiler internal cycle efficieny.
Additionally, the patent side of the Application No. 2015100446498 that this programme applicant was submitted on January 28th, 2015 The application of photovoltaic-photo-thermal-pyroelectric technology is also related in case, but by the multiple exploration of inventor, finds the program Still suffer from following shortcoming:1) collection hot-water line is limited with thermo-electric generation sheet contact area, and thermo-electric generation efficiency is low, while water pipe can not Heat is absorbed to greatest extent, and hot water delivery's pipeline is cumbersome, it is necessary to repeatedly water tank conversion;2) heat-insulating material for being used stops heat Measure and scattered and disappeared to outside, but thermal Finite is absorbed in the thermal-arrest Unit time, after-heat is deposited in heat collector component internal Assembly temperature is raised, drop effect can be produced to subtract the side effect in longevity to thermal-arrest device assembly.For these reasons, this programme inventor couple Former scheme repeatedly explore and improved, and is preferably utilized in the hope of solar energy.
The content of the invention
1. the invention technical problem to be solved
It is an object of the invention to overcome solar energy composite in the prior art to utilize apparatus structure complexity, power generation and heat collection efficiency Low deficiency, there is provided a kind of simple type solar energy composite utilizes device, technical scheme simplifies thermal-arrest generating set The internal structure of part and system are constituted, and by each device organic assembling, are realized photovoltaic generation, thermo-electric generation and luminous energy and are heated Function, increased solar energy utilization ratio, improve thermal-arrest generating efficiency, reduce cost.
2. technical scheme
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme that the present invention is provided is:
A kind of simple type solar energy composite of the invention utilizes device, including support frame, beam condensing unit, thermal-arrest electrification component With hot-water collection's device, described beam condensing unit and thermal-arrest electrification component are arranged on support frame, and beam condensing unit converges light It is radiated at thermal-arrest electrification component outer surface;The thermal-arrest electrification component includes frame, photovoltaic module, heat collection water tank and thermoelectricity group Part, wherein:
The photovoltaic module includes solar battery sheet, EVA packed layers, upper glass cover-plate and backboard, and the backboard passes through Heat-conducting glue is attached to heat collection water tank upper surface, and EVA packed layers are arranged between glass cover-plate and backboard, and solar battery sheet is equal It is even to be distributed in EVA packed layers;The photovoltaic thermoelectric components include lower photovoltaic module and thermo-electric generation sheet, wherein, lower photovoltaic group Part is identical with photovoltaic module structure, and thermo-electric generation sheet is pressed against heat collection water tank lower surface by the backboard of lower photovoltaic module, and in temperature Difference generating piece both sides filling heat-conducting glue;The heat collection water tank water inlet end is connected by water-supply-pipe with water storage pipeline, heat collection water tank Discharge ends are connected by water-supply-pipe with hot-water collection's device;By frame by photovoltaic module, heat collection water tank, thermo-electric generation sheet and Lower photovoltaic thermoelectric components lamination is fixed.
Used as further improvement of the present invention, described heat collection water tank water inlet end is provided with level sensor, and in collection Entering water electromagnetic valve is set between boiler and water storage pipeline;Heat collection water tank discharge ends are provided with temperature and descend level sensor, and Drain solenoid valve, described entering water electromagnetic valve, drain solenoid valve, upper water level biography are set between heat collection water tank and hot-water collection's device Sensor and the simultaneous lower level sensor of temperature are electrically connected with the control device in system.
Used as further improvement of the present invention, the thermo-electric generation sheet is in array distribution in heat collection water tank lower surface, and Accumulating system is connected to after each thermo-electric generation sheet series connection.
Used as further improvement of the present invention, support frame as described above includes top fixed frame, fixed frame bracket, lower reflective mirror Mounting bracket, angular adjustment frame and under(-)chassis, return pulley is provided with the under(-)chassis, is hinged in a pair of installation axles of return pulley There are two angular adjustment framves, be hinged in the middle part of described lower reflective mirror mounting bracket one end and under(-)chassis, lower reflective mirror mounting bracket The other end is connected with angular adjustment frame;The top fixed frame is connected by 4 fixed frame brackets with lower reflective mirror mounting bracket, And top fixed frame be arranged in parallel with lower reflective mirror mounting bracket;The thermal-arrest electrification component is arranged on the fixed frame of top.
Used as further improvement of the present invention, the beam condensing unit includes top reflective mirror and bottom reflective mirror, top Reflective mirror is arranged on top fixed frame two ends, and bottom reflective mirror is hinged with lower reflective mirror mounting bracket, and top reflective mirror expansion Direction intersects with the expansion direction of bottom reflective mirror in " ten " word.
Used as further improvement of the present invention, described bottom reflective mirror includes level crossing, elastic band and telescopic lever, The level crossing is installed in picture frame, and at least two level crossings are mutually arranged by picture frame and are hinged, in the picture frame side of outermost end Telescopic lever is connected with, the other end of the telescopic lever is connected with top fixed frame, picture frame and the inner terminal mirror of the outermost end Frame is connected by elastic band.
Used as further improvement of the present invention, hot-water collection's device includes heat-preserving container, auxiliary heater and discharges water Valve, heat-preserving container is connected with water-supply-pipe, and auxiliary heater is provided with the heat-preserving container, is provided with heat-preserving container bottom sidewall and discharged water Valve.
Used as further improvement of the present invention, the heat collection water tank is stainless steel.
Used as further improvement of the present invention, the water delivery tube outer surface is enclosed with adiabator layer.
3. beneficial effect
The technical scheme provided using the present invention, compared with prior art, is had the advantages that:
(1) a kind of simple type solar energy composite of the invention utilizes device, be provided with support frame top reflective mirror and Bottom reflective mirror, makes thermal-arrest electrification component have upper and lower two photo-thermal collection face, and its spotlight effect is good, and photo-thermal is more evenly distributed;Collection Boiler upside is provided with photovoltaic module, and heat collection water tank downside is provided with photovoltaic thermoelectric components, and photovoltaic thermoelectric components include lower light Volt component and thermo-electric generation sheet, enable the present apparatus and are heated while carrying out photovoltaic generation, thermo-electric generation and luminous energy, increased solar energy Utilization rate;
(2) a kind of simple type solar energy composite of the invention utilizes device, with heat collection water tank in the middle part of thermal-arrest electrification component Instead of traditional boiler and collection hot-water line, the contact area of heat collection water tank and thermo-electric generation sheet was both increased, thermal-arrest had been increased again Water tank itself heating surface area, accelerates thermal cycle, thus the system is had generating higher, collecting efficiency;
(3) a kind of simple type solar energy composite of the invention utilizes device, and water level is provided with the water inlet end of heat collection water tank Sensor and entering water electromagnetic valve, temperature simultaneous lower level sensor and drain solenoid valve are provided with the discharge ends of heat collection water tank, will be entered Water end (W.E.) is connected with tap water supply system, can voluntarily be worked according to design temperature, is supplied water without water pump, automaticity It is high;
(4) a kind of simple type solar energy composite of the invention utilizes device, and angular adjustment frame, bottom are provided with support frame Reflective mirror is connected by telescopic lever with top fixed frame, and can adjust sunshine by angular adjustment frame and telescopic lever reflects Direction, to obtain more preferable daylighting effect.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the simple type solar energy composite of the invention using device;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of support frame in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of middle and lower part reflective mirror of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the side structure schematic view of thermal-arrest electrification component in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the internal structure schematic diagram of thermal-arrest electrification component in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the distribution schematic diagram of solar battery sheet and thermo-electric generation sheet in photovoltaic thermoelectric components in the present invention.
Label declaration in schematic diagram:1st, heat-preserving container;1-1, auxiliary heater;1-2, discharging valve;2nd, thermal-arrest electrification component; 2-1, frame;2-2, solar battery sheet;2-3, EVA packed layer;2-4, upper glass cover-plate;2-5, backboard;2-6, thermo-electric generation Piece;2-7, heat collection water tank;3-1, top reflective mirror;3-2, bottom reflective mirror;3-2-1, level crossing;3-2-2, elastic band;3-2- 3rd, telescopic lever;4-1, top fixed frame;4-2, fixed frame bracket;4-3, lower reflective mirror mounting bracket;4-4, angular adjustment frame;4- 5th, under(-)chassis;4-6, return pulley;5th, water-supply-pipe;5-1, drain solenoid valve;5-2, entering water electromagnetic valve;6-1, temperature and lower water level are passed Sensor;6-2, upper level sensor.
Specific embodiment
To further appreciate that present disclosure, the present invention is described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Embodiment 1
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of simple type solar energy composite of the present embodiment utilizes device, mainly by support frame, beam condensing unit, Thermal-arrest electrification component 2 and hot-water collection's device etc. are constituted, and described beam condensing unit and thermal-arrest electrification component 2 are arranged on support frame On, beam condensing unit converges light and is radiated at the outer surface of thermal-arrest electrification component 2, is that generating and thermal-arrest provide energy, and by defeated Water pipe 5 is by the delivery in thermal-arrest electrification component 2 to hot-water collection's device.
Referring to Fig. 2, the support frame in the present embodiment includes top fixed frame 4-1, fixed frame bracket 4-2, lower reflective mirror peace 4-3, angular adjustment frame 4-4 and under(-)chassis 4-5 are shelved, return pulley 4-6 is installed on the under(-)chassis 4-5, in a pair of return pulleys Two angular adjustment frame 4-4 are hinged with the installation axle of 4-6, angular adjustment frame 4-4 can be with telescopic adjustment;Above-mentioned lower reflective mirror It is hinged in the middle part of mounting bracket 4-3 one end and under(-)chassis 4-5, the other end and angular adjustment frame 4-4 of lower reflective mirror mounting bracket 4-3 It is connected.The fixed frame bracket 4-2 in vertically face where it is installed on lower reflective mirror mounting bracket 4-3, top fixed frame 4-1 leads to 4 fixed frame bracket 4-2 and lower reflective mirror mounting bracket 4-3 is crossed to be connected, and top fixed frame 4-1 and lower reflective mirror mounting bracket 4-3 It is arranged in parallel.Described thermal-arrest electrification component 2 is arranged on top fixed frame 4-1, by the length for changing angular adjustment frame 4-4 The angle of inclination of lower reflective mirror mounting bracket 4-3 can be adjusted, and then changes the folder between the upper surface of thermal-arrest electrification component 2 and light Angle, is close to plumbness, to strengthen intensity of illumination, increases solar energy utilization ratio.
Beam condensing unit in the present embodiment includes top reflective mirror 3-1 and bottom reflective mirror 3-2, top reflective mirror 3-1 peaces On the relative two sides of top fixed frame 4-1, and top reflective mirror 3-1 and top fixed frame 4-1 is hinged, in order to improve light According to intensity, rotatable top reflective mirror 3-1 makes top reflective mirror 3-1 inclined with top fixed frame 4-1 places face, shines The illumination penetrated in top reflective mirror 3-1 is reflected to the upper surface of thermal-arrest electrification component 2, converges light.Bottom reflective mirror 3-2 is with Reflective mirror mounting bracket 4-3 is hinged, and the expansion direction and the expansion direction of bottom reflective mirror 3-2 of top reflective mirror 3-1 are in " ten " Word intersects, it is to avoid top reflective mirror 3-1 shelter from bottom reflective mirror 3-2 needed for sunshine.Bottom in the present embodiment is reflective Mirror 3-2 includes level crossing 3-2-1, elastic band 3-2-2 and telescopic lever 3-2-3 (as shown in Figure 3), the level crossing 3-2-1 peaces In loaded on picture frame, 3 level crossing 3-2-1 are mutually arranged by picture frame and are hinged, and telescopic lever is connected with the picture frame side of outermost end The other end of 3-2-3, telescopic lever 3-2-3 is connected with top fixed frame 4-1 sides wall, and outermost end picture frame and inner terminal mirror Frame is connected by two elastic band 3-2-2 be arrangeding in parallel.When the length of telescopic lever 3-2-3 is changed, with telescopic lever The angle of inclination of 3-2-3 connected level crossing 3-2-1 changes, while sleeve loop of the adjusting elasticity with 3-2-2, can make other two The angle of inclination of block level crossing 3-2-1 suitably changes, so that sunshine can be reflexed to thermal-arrest and generated electricity by 3 pieces of level crossing 3-2-1 The lower surface of component 2.
Referring to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, the key point in the present embodiment is to employ new thermal-arrest electrification component 2, and according to this The design feature of thermal-arrest electrification component 2 is optimized to system.The thermal-arrest electrification component 2 include frame 2-1, photovoltaic module, Heat collection water tank 2-7 and photovoltaic thermoelectric components, photovoltaic thermoelectric components include lower photovoltaic module and thermo-electric generation sheet 2-6 again, by side Be fixed for photovoltaic module, heat collection water tank 2-7, thermo-electric generation sheet 2-6 and lower photovoltaic module by frame 2-1, wherein:
Photovoltaic module includes solar battery sheet 2-2, EVA packed layer 2-3, upper glass cover-plate 2-4 and backboard 2-5, above-mentioned Backboard 2-5 is attached to heat collection water tank 2-7 upper surfaces by heat-conducting glue, and EVA packed layers 2-3 is arranged on glass cover-plate 2-4 with the back of the body Between plate 2-5, solar battery sheet 2-2 is evenly distributed in EVA packed layers 2-3, and solar battery sheet 2-2 output ends are connected To accumulating system.
Lower photovoltaic module in the photovoltaic thermoelectric components is identical with photovoltaic module structure, and thermo-electric generation sheet 2-6 is by lower light The backboard 2-5 for lying prostrate component is pressed against heat collection water tank 2-7 lower surfaces, and thermo-electric generation sheet 2-6 is in battle array in heat collection water tank 2-7 lower surfaces Column distribution, accumulating system is connected to after each thermo-electric generation sheet 2-6 series connection.Additionally, filling heat conduction in thermo-electric generation sheet 2-6 both sides Glue, it is ensured that thermo-electric generation sheet 2-6 both sides are in close contact with heat collection water tank 2-7, backboard 2-5 respectively, enable thermo-electric generation sheet 2-6 The quick temperature difference for sensing both sides, just generates electricity when the temperature difference reaches certain limit using thermo-electric generation sheet 2-6.In order to quick Transmission heat, heat collection water tank 2-7 uses stainless steel, with more preferable heat-conducting effect, further increase the system thermal-arrest, Generating efficiency.
Heat collection water tank 2-7 water inlet ends in the present embodiment are connected by water-supply-pipe 5 with water storage pipeline, heat collection water tank 2-7 Discharge ends are connected by water-supply-pipe 5 with hot-water collection's device, and the outer surface of water-supply-pipe 5 is enclosed with adiabator layer, prevent transmission During heat scatter and disappear.Level sensor 6-2 is provided with the water inlet end of heat collection water tank 2-7, and in heat collection water tank 2-7 and water storage Entering water electromagnetic valve 5-2 is set between pipeline;Heat collection water tank 2-7 discharge ends are provided with temperature and lower level sensor 6-1, and in thermal-arrest Set between water tank 2-7 and hot-water collection's device drain solenoid valve 5-1, entering water electromagnetic valve 5-2 therein, drain solenoid valve 5-1, Upper level sensor 6-2 and the simultaneous lower level sensor 6-1 of temperature are electrically connected with the control device in system.
Hot-water collection's device in the present embodiment includes heat-preserving container 1, auxiliary heater 1-1 and discharging valve 1-2, heat-preserving container 1 It is connected with water-supply-pipe 5, auxiliary heater 1-1 is provided with the heat-preserving container 1, the bottom sidewall of heat-preserving container 1 is provided with discharging valve 1-2.It is relatively low using solar energy intensity in rainy weather, water can be heated by auxiliary heater 1-1.
The solar energy composite in the prior art with photovoltaic, photo-thermal, thermoelectricity function is using solar cooker formula using device mostly Structure, thermal-arrest electrification component 2 is act as using the optically focused of solar cooker, is found by research, and the optically focused effect of solar cooker is relatively strong, work Its focal point is the same position being located on thermal-arrest electrification component 2 mostly when making, and can frequently result in the smooth heat fatigue of thermal-arrest electrification component 2 It is impaired, reduce the service life of thermal-arrest electrification component 2.And the beam condensing unit in the present embodiment by top reflective mirror 3-1 and under Portion reflective mirror 3-2 is mutually combined and forms, and top reflective mirror 3-1 and bottom reflective mirror 3-2 use level crossing, the beam condensing unit Illumination is converged, but does not produce focusing phenomenon, but the effect for converging light is reached using the superposition of directional light, photo-thermal is more equal Even, the infringement to thermal-arrest electrification component 2 is small;Additionally, the beam condensing unit in the present embodiment can simultaneously increase thermal-arrest electrification component 2 The quantity of illumination of upper and lower both sides, thermal-arrest, generating efficiency are higher.
Thermal-arrest device assembly (the thermal-arrest electrification component 2 i.e. in the present embodiment) is the core component of whole system, determines day The combination property of positive energy comprehensive utilization device, and there is more defect in thermal-arrest device assembly of the prior art.On the one hand, common collection Hot device assembly is that one side sets cell power generation piece and thermo-electric generation sheet simultaneously mostly, and this structure is unfavorable for the work of thermo-electric generation sheet Make, the temperature after work a period of time in thermal-arrest device assembly is raised, and causes thermo-electric generation sheet temperature difference unobvious, generating efficiency Reduce;On the other hand, traditional boiler type water storage heat collector because of the influence of its own height, the hydro-thermal circulation of boiler internal compared with Slowly, it is difficult to quick heating;Coiled water storage heat collector is because of the reasons in structure of body, and the contact surface with thermo-electric generation sheet is smaller, Thermo-electric generation efficiency is low, and heated coil limited area.Be arranged on for photovoltaic module by the thermal-arrest electrification component 2 in the present embodiment Heat collection water tank 2-7 upper surfaces, photovoltaic thermoelectric components are arranged on heat collection water tank 2-7 lower surfaces, are made using flat heat collection water tank 2-7 It is water storage heat collector, makes that the heating surface area of the upper and lower both sides of heat collection water tank 2-7 is bigger, the heat on surface is more evenly distributed, hydro-thermal Circulation is faster;Additionally, planar structure contributes to heat collection water tank 2-7 lower surfaces and thermo-electric generation sheet 2-6 to fit completely, further carry Generating efficiency high.
Cost-effective in order to avoid energy loss, hot water delivery's pipeline of the present embodiment is also simplified, by entering for setting Water solenoid valve 5-2, drain solenoid valve 5-1, upper level sensor 6-2 and temperature and lower level sensor 6-1 can direct domination sets The replacing of the hot and cold water in boiler 2-7.During work, by the water inlet end water-supply-pipe and tap water supply system of heat collection water tank 2-7 It is connected, control device control entering water electromagnetic valve 5-2 is opened, and water inlet is started in heat collection water tank 2-7, when water in heat collection water tank 2-7 When position reaches specified location, upper level sensor 6-2 is by signal transmission to control device, control device adjustment entering water electromagnetic valve 5- 2 close;After work a period of time, water temperature rises in heat collection water tank 2-7, and carries out temperature using temperature and lower level sensor 6-1 Degree detection judges, after water temperature reaches requirement, temperature and lower level sensor 6-1 then control the signal transmission to control device Device processed drives drain solenoid valve 5-1 to open, and starts to the internal drainage of heat-preserving container 1;When the simultaneous lower level sensor 6-1 of temperature is detected Hot water by it is drained when, signal is passed to control device, then control device drives drain solenoid valve 5-1 to close, then open into Water solenoid valve 5-2, carries out water inlet and heating next time, and whole process is efficiently simple, and thermal loss is few.
The present embodiment simplifies system and thermal-arrest electrification component 2 simultaneously, and photovoltaic generation, the temperature difference are carried out with simpler structure Generate electricity and luminous energy heats work, solar energy is utilized effectively in life, increased solar energy utilization ratio, improve thermal-arrest Generating efficiency, reduces cost.
Embodiment 2
A kind of plain type photovoltaic-photo-thermal-thermoelectricity utilization system of the present embodiment, its structure and the basic phase of embodiment 1 Together, its difference is:The level crossing 3-2-1 set by bottom reflective mirror 3-2 in the present embodiment has two.
Schematical above that the present invention and embodiments thereof are described, the description does not have restricted, institute in accompanying drawing What is shown is also one of embodiments of the present invention, and actual structure is not limited thereto.So, if the common skill of this area Art personnel enlightened by it, in the case where the invention objective is not departed from, is designed and the technical scheme without creative Similar frame mode and embodiment, all should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of simple type solar energy composite utilizes device, including support frame, beam condensing unit, thermal-arrest electrification component (2) and hot water Collection device, it is characterised in that:Described beam condensing unit and thermal-arrest electrification component (2) on support frame, beam condensing unit institute Converge light and be radiated at thermal-arrest electrification component (2) outer surface;The thermal-arrest electrification component (2) includes frame (2-1), photovoltaic group Part, heat collection water tank (2-7) and photovoltaic thermoelectric components, wherein:
The photovoltaic module includes solar battery sheet (2-2), EVA packed layers (2-3), upper glass cover-plate (2-4) and backboard (2- 5), the backboard (2-5) is attached to heat collection water tank (2-7) upper surface by heat-conducting glue, and EVA packed layers (2-3) are arranged on glass Between glass cover plate (2-4) and backboard (2-5), solar battery sheet (2-2) is evenly distributed in EVA packed layers (2-3);The light Latent heat electrical component includes lower photovoltaic module and thermo-electric generation sheet (2-6), wherein, lower photovoltaic module is identical with photovoltaic module structure, Thermo-electric generation sheet (2-6) is pressed against heat collection water tank (2-7) lower surface by the backboard (2-5) of lower photovoltaic module, and in thermo-electric generation Heat-conducting glue is filled in both sides to piece (2-6) up and down;The thermo-electric generation sheet (2-6) is in array distribution in heat collection water tank (2-7) lower surface, And it is connected to accumulating system after each thermo-electric generation sheet (2-6) series connection;Heat collection water tank (2-7) water inlet end passes through water-supply-pipe (5) It is connected with water storage pipeline, heat collection water tank (2-7) discharge ends are connected by water-supply-pipe (5) with hot-water collection's device;By side Be laminated for photovoltaic module, heat collection water tank (2-7), thermo-electric generation sheet (2-6) and lower photovoltaic module and fix by frame (2-1);
The beam condensing unit includes top reflective mirror (3-1) and bottom reflective mirror (3-2), and top reflective mirror (3-1) is arranged on top Portion's fixed frame (4-1) two ends, bottom reflective mirror (3-2) is hinged with lower reflective mirror mounting bracket (4-3), and top reflective mirror (3-1) Expansion direction intersect in " ten " word with the expansion direction of bottom reflective mirror (3-2).
2. a kind of simple type solar energy composite according to claim 1 utilizes device, it is characterised in that:Described collection hot water Case (2-7) water inlet end is provided with level sensor (6-2), and is set into water power between heat collection water tank (2-7) and water storage pipeline Magnet valve (5-2);Heat collection water tank (2-7) discharge ends are provided with temperature and lower level sensor (6-1), and heat collection water tank (2-7) with Drain solenoid valve (5-1) is set between hot-water collection's device, described entering water electromagnetic valve (5-2), drain solenoid valve (5-1), on Level sensor (6-2) and the simultaneous lower level sensor (6-1) of temperature are electrically connected with the control device in system.
3. a kind of simple type solar energy composite according to claim 1 utilizes device, it is characterised in that:Support frame as described above bag Include top fixed frame (4-1), fixed frame bracket (4-2), lower reflective mirror mounting bracket (4-3), angular adjustment frame (4-4) and bottom frame Frame (4-5), return pulley (4-6) is provided with the under(-)chassis (4-5), and two are hinged with a pair of installation axles of return pulley (4-6) Root angular adjustment frame (4-4), described lower reflective mirror mounting bracket (4-3) one end is hinged with the side frame of under(-)chassis (4-5) two middle part, The other end of lower reflective mirror mounting bracket (4-3) is connected with angular adjustment frame (4-4);The top fixed frame (4-1) passes through 4 Fixed frame bracket (4-2) is connected with lower reflective mirror mounting bracket (4-3), and top fixed frame (4-1) and lower reflective mirror mounting bracket (4- 3) it be arranged in parallel;The thermal-arrest electrification component (2) is on top fixed frame (4-1).
4. a kind of simple type solar energy composite according to claim 3 utilizes device, it is characterised in that:Described bottom is anti- Light microscopic (3-2) includes level crossing (3-2-1), elastic band (3-2-2) and telescopic lever (3-2-3), level crossing (3-2-1) peace In loaded on picture frame, at least two level crossings (3-2-1) are mutually arranged by picture frame and are hinged, and are connected with the picture frame side of outermost end Telescopic lever (3-2-3), the other end of the telescopic lever (3-2-3) is connected with top fixed frame (4-1), the mirror of the outermost end Frame is connected with inner terminal picture frame by elastic band (3-2-2).
5. a kind of simple type solar energy composite according to claim 1 or 2 or 4 utilizes device, it is characterised in that:The heat Water collecting device includes heat-preserving container (1), auxiliary heater (1-1) and discharging valve (1-2), and heat-preserving container (1) is connected with water-supply-pipe (5) It is logical, auxiliary heater (1-1) is provided with the heat-preserving container (1), in heat-preserving container (1), bottom sidewall is provided with discharging valve (1-2).
6. a kind of simple type solar energy composite according to claim 5 utilizes device, it is characterised in that:The heat collection water tank (2-7) is stainless steel.
7. a kind of simple type solar energy composite according to claim 6 utilizes device, it is characterised in that:The water-supply-pipe (5) outer surface is enclosed with adiabator layer.
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CN201388172Y (en) * 2009-04-20 2010-01-20 李社 Slot type adjustable condensing solar power generation device
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