CN104734363B - A kind of High-low voltage switch cabinet system based on Internet of Things - Google Patents

A kind of High-low voltage switch cabinet system based on Internet of Things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104734363B
CN104734363B CN201510175160.4A CN201510175160A CN104734363B CN 104734363 B CN104734363 B CN 104734363B CN 201510175160 A CN201510175160 A CN 201510175160A CN 104734363 B CN104734363 B CN 104734363B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
information
switch cubicle
power
power information
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CN201510175160.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104734363A (en
Inventor
马学春
潘若愚
夏云坤
褚伟
宋国寿
梁昌勇
张公让
朱克毓
宋志诚
曹龙涛
黄清泉
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合肥工业大学
安徽东方旭电气设备有限公司
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Priority to CN201510175160.4A priority Critical patent/CN104734363B/en
Publication of CN104734363A publication Critical patent/CN104734363A/en
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Publication of CN104734363B publication Critical patent/CN104734363B/en

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    • Y02E60/7838
    • Y02E60/7853
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S40/00Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them
    • Y04S40/12Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment
    • Y04S40/124Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment using wired telecommunication networks or data transmission busses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S40/00Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them
    • Y04S40/12Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment
    • Y04S40/126Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment using wireless data transmission

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of High-low voltage switch cabinet system based on Internet of Things, it is characterized in that, High-low voltage switch cabinet system includes:Switch cubicle main control unit and intelligent router unit;Intelligent router unit is used to build VLAN for setting up connection of all switch cubicle main control units in affiliated power supply station by Cloud Server and client;The electric power signal periodically received is converted to power information by switch cubicle main control unit;And the comprehensive descision of load is operated to the power information.The present invention can be long-range to switch cubicle system file update and debug, and autonomous tripping operation control, and switch cubicle being remotely monitored and controlled according to the power information of transmission, so as to improve the intellectuality of electrical equipment, monitoring capacity and controllability of the enhancing to equipment.

Description

A kind of High-low voltage switch cabinet system based on Internet of Things

Technical field

The present invention relates to adapted electric power environmental data monitoring field, specifically a kind of height based on Internet of Things is pressed off Close cabinet system.

Background technology

Switch cubicle as a kind of electrical equipment, main function be generated electricity in power system, transmitted electricity, distribution and electric energy turn During changing, folding, control and protection electrical equipment are carried out.At present, the switch cubicle of China is progressively towards intelligentized direction Development, but compared with developed countries, still there is significant gap.

First, domestic switch cabinet main will take the mode that timing is overhauled, and blindness is excessive and may bring unnecessary stop Electric loss;Secondly, when occurring emergency situations, maintenance personal needs maintenance of reaching the spot, and has both delayed maintenance time increase loss, There are numerous incoming line cabinets in power distribution room, there is the switch of control device break-make inside, monitors and protect the instrument of whole transmission line of electricity Table equipment, even if there is fixed personnel's regularly inspection, because the appearance of circuit and switch cubicle problem is irregular, it is easy to make Into Maintenance forecast is inaccurate and maintenance delays length.The data and state of switch cubicle can not be browsed anywhere or anytime, and it is right Switch cubicle is controlled accordingly.

In order to detect that the stability of voltage x current employs the measure that various sensor monitorings are switched of installing, by what is monitored Signal is sent to main website, main to include the temperature of sensor, voltage, the indices such as electric current, but current Intelligent switch cabinet Change without realization " intellectuality " truly, mostly there is following problem:

1), effectively it can not monitor in real time:The monitoring of switch cubicle is much the mode based on periodic monitor, in abnormal feelings Under condition, do not make the reaction and early warning behavior of abundance, the mechanism of " timing send " without truly on demand, effectively Property the characteristics of send warning either abnormal information in real time, be likely to result in ginseng from catching the exception to the time transmission The consequences such as the unstable and voltage excess load of number data.So, not under specific opportunity using specific collection forwarding side Formula causes the problem of can not carrying out effectively monitoring in real time.

2), capacity of will lacks:Due to the intelligent primary stage, this stage lacks the processing to obtaining parameter Lack the technical support of self diagnosis, thus the state parameter captured, characterisitic parameter, ambient parameter etc., it is no to pass through intelligence in time Can the mode of manipulation handled, still to rely on the related verification of personnel's technology, what the analysis of running status was handled it Behavior, personnel directly influence " intellectuality " of product to detection, diagnostic analysis, the intervention of Trouble Report, product capacity of will Lacking equally turns into the major issue faced of current primary stage.

3), switch cabinet system is safeguarded inconvenient:Because conventional in layout uses ordinary router, it can only be believed with server Breath exchange, needs professional to reach the spot when switch cubicle master control cellular system file and the renewal of software needs and debugging Debugging, when professional not at the scene and switch cabinet system be badly in need of safeguard when will make whole system be in paralyse shape State.

The content of the invention

There is provided a kind of high and low voltage switch based on Internet of Things to overcome the weak point that above-mentioned prior art is present by the present invention Cabinet system;To which the renewal of remote system file and debugging, and autonomous tripping operation control can be carried out to switch cubicle, and according to transmission Switch cubicle is remotely monitored and controlled power information, so as to improve the intellectuality of electrical equipment, strengthens the monitoring to equipment Ability and controllability.

The present invention is adopted the following technical scheme that to achieve the above object of the invention:

A kind of High-low voltage switch cabinet system based on Internet of Things of the present invention, is applied to by several power supply stations and client In the environment of internet of things being made up of Cloud Server, the environment of internet of things is used for the electric power letter for monitoring and accessing transmission line of electricity Breath;The power supply station connects upstream power supply unit and downstream electrical equipment by transmission line of electricity;If being provided with each power supply station The dry High-low voltage switch cabinet being connected with the transmission line of electricity;Power information monitor is both provided with each High-low voltage switch cabinet The characteristics of device is,

The High-low voltage switch cabinet system includes:Switch cubicle main control unit and intelligent router unit;

The intelligent router unit is arranged in each power supply station;

Power information monitoring instrument in each High-low voltage switch cabinet is both provided with corresponding switch cubicle main control unit;

Any one power information monitoring instrument is according to set collection period to corresponding electricity on the transmission line of electricity Force signal is collected, and by RS485 bus transfers into corresponding switch cubicle main control unit;

The client accesses any switch cubicle main control unit by the Cloud Server, and passes through the Intelligent routing Device unit sends control command to corresponding switch cubicle main control unit;

All switch cubicle main control units that the intelligent router unit is used to set up in affiliated power supply station pass through cloud service Device and the connection of the client, and for building VLAN;The VLAN is by the intelligence in each power supply station Router unit is constituted, and is conducted interviews the change and debugging with plug-in file by client;

The electric power signal periodically received is converted to electric power letter by the switch cubicle main control unit according to the collection period Breath;And the comprehensive descision of load is operated to the power information:If the power information exceeds set early warning value, It is abnormal condition to represent the power information;The power information of the abnormal condition is passed through into the intelligent router immediately Unit is sent to the Cloud Server in a wired or wireless fashion;If the power information exceeds set dangerous values, table It is abnormality to show the power information;Automatically use in the relay switch closed on the switch cubicle main control unit, cut-out downstream Electric equipment, and the power information of the abnormality is sent to the Cloud Server;Otherwise represent the power information for just Normal state, and the power information of the normal condition is sent to by the Cloud Server according to the set transmission cycle.

The characteristics of High-low voltage switch cabinet system of the present invention based on Internet of Things, lies also in, the power information monitoring Instrument includes:

Intelligent electric power detector YTZJ-1, on off state instrument YT9300 and integrated protection with RS485 communication interfaces Instrument WDD-1BG, its annexation is the pins in parallel of same names;

The intelligent electric power detector YTZJ-1, electric current, information of voltage and downstream electricity consumption for detecting transmission line of electricity Available power, reactive power and the power factor of equipment;

The on off state instrument YT9300, the on off state for detecting downstream electrical equipment;

The integrated protection instrument WDD-1BG is used to monitoring, protect and feeding back downstream power supply unit.

Monitoring retransmission unit and web services end are provided with the Cloud Server;

The monitoring retransmission unit is logical to the received power information for gathering and sending from switch cubicle main control unit The long connection for crossing TCP is monitored and forwards web services end to be shown.

The composition of the switch cubicle main control unit includes:Relay circuit module, RS485 interface driving circuits module, with Too network interface module, the WIFI module of USB interface, industrial control mainboard;

The industrial control mainboard is core processing unit, and controls opening for the relay by the relay circuit module Close;The electric power signal that the power information monitoring instrument is sent is received by the RS485 interface driving circuits module;By with Too network interface module carries out wire signal transmission with the intelligent router unit;By the WIFI module of the USB interface with The intelligent router unit carries out transmission of wireless signals.

The industrial control mainboard includes:Message processing module, decision-making management module, information fusion module, intelligent control module, Network communication module and the global information resource pool for various information;

The sensor assembly that described information processing module is set using periphery obtains the power information monitoring instrument and adopted Corresponding electric power signal is handled on the transmission line of electricity of collection, obtains the on off state of Current Voltage value and downstream electrical equipment And the global information resource pool is sent for storing by the network communication module;

The decision-making management module is used to receive collection period and the transmission cycle set by the client;And according to institute The information stored in global information resource pool is stated to judge the on off state of Current Voltage value and downstream electrical equipment, If normal condition, then carried out being uploaded to Cloud Server according to the transmission cycle, if abnormal condition and abnormality, then Stood by the network communication module and be uploaded to Cloud Server and send alarm signal to the Cloud Server;Simultaneously in abnormal shape During state power-off signal is sent to relay circuit module;

Described information Fusion Module is used for all power information monitoring instruments for being obtained described information processing module The on off state of Current Voltage value and downstream electrical equipment is packed;

The intelligent control module is used to receive the control command of client transmission and sends the global information resource pool For storing, and pair relay circuit module being connected with the industrial control mainboard carries out connecting and disconnecting of the circuit control.

Compared with the prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are embodied in:

1st, the present invention by set power information monitoring instrument, switch cubicle main control unit, intelligent router, Cloud Server and Client, can carry out autonomous tripping operation control, protection downstream electrical equipment and switch cabinet system peace in the case of unattended Entirely, it is possible to by client carry out real time information prompting, and then power information is monitored and downstream electrical equipment work It is controlled as situation;So as to improve the intellectuality of electrical equipment, the monitoring capacity and controllability to equipment are enhanced;And then The Diagnostic Time for the reason for maintenance personal is to failure is reduced, the time that maintenance is shut down is reduced, i.e., reduces to greatest extent Power off time, reduces overall maintenance personal's working strength or even reduces maintenance work personnel, so as to improve system entirety The economic benefit of reliability and whole transformer station, reduces the working strength of staff.

2nd, intelligent router unit of the present invention is router of increasing income, and is networked using 3G or 4G network interface cards, profit The N2N being implanted into intelligent router applies to build the VLAN in wide scope, convenient to switch cubicle main control unit Status information, router is monitored using flow information, and the internal processes file of switch cubicle main control unit carried out more New and debugging;The information of each field network environment, flow, equipment state is monitored and managed so as to realize, makes behaviour Switch cubicle information can remotely be understood in real time and carry out remote debugging to switch cubicle by making personnel, be easy to monitor and managed.

3rd, the present invention can not be set up by setting the monitoring retransmission unit of cloud service to solve between server and router The problem of TCP length is connected, realizes long-range display in real time, is monitored and controlled by setting WEB service end so that system each Partial software and hardware is associated well, various data messages is transmitted, changes and intuitively shown.

4th, power information monitoring instrument of the present invention is to monitor electrical equipment electricity by a variety of being used for RS485 EBIs Stream, voltage, line temperature, the instrument of on off state are constituted and are arranged in switch cubicle;Switch cubicle main control unit is interior by calling The RS485 communications protocol put, after the power information monitoring instrument with RS485 buses is connected in parallel, with the side of poll Formula, is obtained to the information that power information monitoring instrument is monitored successively;So as to monitor multiple detecting instruments simultaneously Information, improves operating efficiency;Due to without being joined directly together with computer, there was only RS232 interfaces on computer so as to avoid The problem of needing conversion RS485 interfaces.

5th, often directly server will be forwarded directly to after the data acquisition of instrument by the cycle of setting in conventional technology Handled;And the present invention by set the use message processing module of switch cubicle main control unit to the information of collection at Reason so that corresponding power information is just can obtain without network service so that the monitoring of information and manage it is more quick without By web influence.

6th, the present invention can take into account multiple power information monitoring instruments simultaneously by using switch cubicle main control unit, and open Close and be compared the information of the information of collection and resource pool at cabinet, comprehensive descision is made automatically and the switch control of correlation is carried out Action, while the information of collection is forwarded by the requirement of setting by router, just may be used so as to accomplish that not employment is arrived To be detected and be controlled to equipment.

7th, the present invention calls RS485 interface drivers using the (SuSE) Linux OS inside industrial control mainboard, enters with monitoring instrument Row communication carries out Data Collection, and calls USB communication interface, and connection WIFI module carries out internetwork-ing, when wireless signal holds When being vulnerable to interference, can be connected progress network service by netting twine with the LAN mouths of intelligent router, so that convenient real The access of existing Peripheral Interface, and carry out data transmission and network connection, setting and program without carrying out outside control chip Write.

8th, the present invention in industrial control mainboard by setting decision-making management module, and sets the collection period to signal and transmission week Phase, the data of collection and the threshold value of setting are contrasted, judged whether in normal scope;When being in normal value range When, the electric power that the multiple power information monitoring instruments packed by information fusion module are monitored is sent according to the transmission cycle of setting Information;When judging to be in improper scope, then improper value and affiliated device information are transmitted immediately;When When judging to be in abnormal ranges, tripping operation control is carried out by intelligent control unit, the relay circuit module of connection is performed jump Downstream power supply for electrical equipment is cut off in lock order, and sends to client abnormal value and affiliated device information immediately.Through After setting is crossed different from the collection period in transmission cycle, on the one hand improving the frequency of monitoring data collection increases the essence of data monitoring True degree, the network traffic that another aspect reduction transmission times can reduce whole system reduces cost.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is High-low voltage switch cabinet system construction drawing of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is High-low voltage switch cabinet separate unit structure chart of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is intelligent router cell operation schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is switch cubicle master control cell operation schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is Cloud Server message processing flow figure of the present invention.

Embodiment

As shown in figure 1, in the present embodiment, a kind of High-low voltage switch cabinet system based on Internet of Things is applied to by some In the environment of internet of things that individual power supply station and client are made up of Cloud Server, environment of internet of things is used to monitoring and accessing power transmission line The power information on road;Power supply station connects upstream power supply unit and downstream electrical equipment by transmission line of electricity;Set in each power supply station It is equipped with several High-low voltage switch cabinets being connected with transmission line of electricity;Power information monitoring is both provided with each High-low voltage switch cabinet Instrument;

Because height wants the numerical value of power information detecting instrument in switch cabinet system to change in real time, teletransmission to clothes The numerical value of business device is also to have certain delay, and people is also impossible to always see the numerical value of power information monitoring instrument Survey.This requires directly to be monitored power information monitoring instrument and whether power to downstream user and judged and by phase Powered-down force information and judge that processing information is uploaded, the staff that notice is remotely monitored.

In currently available technology, the power information monitoring instrument with RS485 buses can pass through RS232 converters and meter Calculation machine client is connected, and is monitored by the upper computer software positioned at computer;But all monitoring need personnel It could be monitored in real time among the environment for being in locality;And the monitoring system shown by web services end is often direct Server is transmitted data to, processing display and operation command is carried out by server, to the dependence of network than larger.

And the High-low voltage switch cabinet system in the present embodiment includes:Switch cubicle main control unit and intelligent router unit;

Intelligent router unit is arranged in each power supply station;

Power information monitoring instrument in each High-low voltage switch cabinet is both provided with corresponding switch cubicle main control unit;

Any power information monitoring instrument is according to set collection period to corresponding electric power signal on transmission line of electricity It is collected, and by RS485 bus transfers into corresponding switch cubicle main control unit;

In specific implementation, power information monitoring instrument includes:Intelligent electric power detector with RS485 communication interfaces YTZJ-1, on off state instrument YT9300 and integrated protection instrument WDD-1BG, its annexation for same names pin simultaneously Connection;

Intelligent electric power detector YTZJ-1, electric current, information of voltage and downstream electrical equipment for detecting transmission line of electricity Available power, reactive power and power factor;

On off state instrument YT9300, the on off state for detecting downstream electrical equipment;For example, breaker conjunction/point shape State, each phase line electriferous state;

Integrated protection instrument WDD-1BG, is the back-up protection of step-down transformer, installed in the mains side of transformer;For Monitoring, protection and feedback downstream power supply unit;For example, monitoring the short delay of light gas, grave gas, electric current long delay protection, electric current Protection, current quick and zero-sequence current information.

Power information monitoring instrument with RS485 interfaces can be with the related numerical value of output power information, and by corresponding The conversion that the setting of equipment carries out formula is obtained with.The equipment carried out data transmission by RS485 buses can be carried out simultaneously Connection, data acquisition equipment, to needing the equipment for gathering information to send read requests, is obtaining relevant device by way of poll Information after, then the information to next equipment is acquired request.

Client accesses any switch cubicle main control unit by Cloud Server, and sends control by intelligent router unit System order is to corresponding switch cubicle main control unit;

Client is made up of WEB page service end and Android mobile phone client, therefore passes through the hand equipped with client software Machine and without equipped with client software but can be with the computer and mobile electronic equipment terminal of logon web page using specific IP address switch cubicle information preview and switch cubicle is accordingly controlled.

Android client is realized to be monitored to the palm of switch cubicle, mainly by showing interface module, data communication module and The big module of data processing three is constituted.Whole system is realized by mobile phone terminal and background server.Background server provides for mobile phone terminal Data-interface, mobile phone terminal sends post by http agreements and asked, and real-time query reception is carried out to back-end data.Mobile phone terminal is docked The data received carry out parsing encapsulation according to communication protocol, are then shown by foreground activity.

Intelligent router unit be used to setting up belonging to all switch cubicle main control units in power supply station by Cloud Server with The connection of client, and for building VLAN;VLAN is by the intelligent router unit structure in each power supply station Into, and conducted interviews the change and debugging with plug-in file by client;

As shown in figure 3, the internal processes of intelligent router unit are by traffic management module, exception processing module, node shape Morphotype block, remote access module, remote access module, document transmission module are constituted, and pass through external 3G/4G modules and outer net phase Even, physical network can realize that switch cubicle main control unit can carry out data transmission between Cloud Server, and by transplanting N2N Using in addition to the function that can make the router connection physical network basic except realizing, virtual local area network chain can also be constructed Virtual LAN is constituted between road module, the remote router for making equally to be provided with N2N applications, it is convenient to switch cubicle master control list Member carries out the transmission of file and the debugging of switch cubicle main control unit.

Remote subscriber or other router nodes are all the EDGE in N2N networks, Cloud Server as SUPERNODE, Be each EDGE node between data " terminal ";Remote access module in node is the EDGE programs in N2N networks End makes system realize P2P Connection Service there is provided single process.Remote access module provide router in itself with Communication interface between switch cubicle main control unit, transplants TELNET-CLIENT to realize on the router by TELNET services Switch cubicle main control unit is remotely accessed.In document transmission module, the transmission of data is carried out by File Transfer Protocol.

Traffic management module can detect the flow service condition of intelligent router, be that the service condition of 3G/4G modules is carried For the basis of data analysis, the foundation of flow package selection strategy is used as.Exception processing module is not good and disconnected in router network Router is restarted automatically when net, and the equipment of router lower end is connected to server.Node state module will There is the time point of exception and recovers normal timing node in the automatic router that records, and the tentatively suspension original of detection router Cause, and information is preserved, it is sent to Cloud Server when next network is normal.

Intelligent router unit, on the one hand makees the function routeing, under being carried out to the master control unit data information of transmission One jumps the forwarding of route, while can also receive the data connection request from far-end server.On the other hand, on the router Transplant N2N application so that router and other nodes (node for including any use N2N applications) set up a wide scope Interior VLAN, by this VLAN, can enter the interaction and collection of row information, while can be with far-end computer Carry out remote access router.By VLAN can it is any can surf the Net it is local to switch cubicle unit carry out it is soft The renewal and debugging of part, make the debugging to switch cubicle not limited by regions, when people is not residing for local or switch cubicle unit Environment be not suitable for the possibility of people's increase switch cubicle debugging when enter.

Switch cubicle main control unit collection period turns the formula that the electric power signal periodically received is provided by apparatus manufacture It is changed to power information;And the comprehensive descision of load is operated to power information:If power information exceeds set early warning value, It is abnormal condition then to represent power information;Immediately by the power information of abnormal condition by intelligent router unit with wired Or it is wirelessly transmitted to Cloud Server;If power information exceeds set dangerous values, then it represents that power information is abnormal shape State;Relay switch on automatic cut-off switch cabinet main control unit, cuts off downstream electrical equipment, and the electric power of abnormality is believed Breath is sent to Cloud Server;Otherwise it is normal condition to represent power information, and according to the set transmission cycle by normal condition Power information to Cloud Server.Wherein, collection period and the cycle is sent by switch cubicle main control unit in industrial control mainboard Setting file provide, it is possible to pass through client carry out file renewal.

Monitoring retransmission unit and web services end are provided with Cloud Server;Retransmission unit is monitored to come from received The power information that switch cubicle main control unit is gathered and sent is monitored and is forwarded to web services end by TCP long connection Row display.

Retransmission process is monitored in inside can make server and industrial control mainboard set up the connection of TCP length, in each connection The request come all starts a single thread and it is serviced, and then receives data, and analyze data.The switch of each distribution substation The socket information of cabinet will be saved in a global data structure, and the information that switch cubicle main control unit is sended over will pass through Interprocess communication is sent to the web services end program on same server.Meanwhile, program is received and sended over from service end Control command, and in analysis and Control order corresponding switch cubicle information, according to the information content according to certain search strategy Go in the data structure of the overall situation to search corresponding connection socket, control command is transmitted to this socket after searching successfully, by What this socket interface was instructed issues.

Monitor retransmission process and network IP and specific port and the route with 3G cards of surfing Internet are passed through according to Transmission Control Protocol in inside Device, which is connected, to communicate, and distributes thread to the program inside industrial control mainboard, carries out the control of the relay of the reading of data.Monitor inside The data obtained every time are directly issued WEB interface by retransmission process by server program.Cell-phone customer terminal and WEB interface end are all It is connected by network communication protocol UDP with cloud server.

WEB server end website uses Python, and Django frameworks are realized, website platform mainly includes receiving electric energy The data such as parameter, switching-state information and protection information, Dynamic Announce real time data, and pass through website platform controlling switch Cabinet.Receive to monitor the JSON data that retransmission process is sent first, parse JSON data and shown on webpage, due to number According to being real-time update, this requires necessary Dynamic Announce on webpage, is realized here using Ajax technologies.The layout of website is adopted With bootstrap frameworks, corresponding function is realized by jQuery and corresponding plug-in unit.By socket come to following journey Sequence sends out control information corresponding.Short message is sent to user by third-party platform by website.Meanwhile, back-stage management can be passed through To manage user, authority and additions and deletions are set to change data, different users can see different information by priority assignation.

As shown in figure 5, including network monitoring module, abnormality detection module, connection management module, number on cloud server According to forwarding module, system journal module, process communication module and information inquiry module, trend prediction module, intelligent early-warning mould Block, exception processing module, with remote control module, process communication module, data processing module, database and global information resource Pond;Cloud Server sets up data cube computation by network monitoring module and remote router, when data are normal according to the hair of setting Send the cycle to give data forwarding module by data by connection management module, and led to by monitoring the process in retransmission process module Letter module sets up the transmission of corresponding process and the process communication module progress data in high in the clouds, when data exception, does not press Set the transmission cycle but directly carry out data transmission;The data processing module of cloud server can by process communication module and Information in database module and global resource pond is mutually passed, and is stored by database;When client has information When needing to be sent to switch cubicle, control information is transmitted to global information resource pool by remote control module, passes through data processing mould Information is transmitted to process communication module by block, then data are outwards transmitted;The information fed back for switch cubicle, by process communication Module passes to data processing module, and data processing module is by the information processing of correction data library module memory storage into WEB terminal The information of required display, and by information inquiry module also have trend prediction module by resulting power information and electric power The trend of information shown, by the way that the data of power information and global information resource pool are contrasted after by intelligent early-warning Module carries out prompting to the abnormal condition of power information and shown, and is transferred using exception processing module to server transmission order Third-party application sends SMS Tip to the phone number of setting;User is after prompting is received in client end interface by remotely controlling Molding block sends control command to switch cubicle.

Switch cubicle information is shown in website and mobile phone terminal in whole process, Website login or mobile phone terminal, input user Name and password, the user in the server system have strict management, are divided into super keepe and administrator, work as login Super keepe user, can monitor all switch cubicle information of all items, while can be with all switch cubicles of remote control;When stepping on When recording general management person user, all switch cubicle information under the user, and remote monitoring switch cubicle can only be monitored, works as switch cubicle When breaking down or be abnormal, website is by sending failure or abnormal information to presetting by SMS after data analysis Cell-phone number, is easy to manipulation.

In the present embodiment, as shown in Fig. 2 the composition of switch cubicle main control unit includes:Relay circuit module, RS485 connect Mouth drive circuit module, Ethernet 100Base-T4 interface modules, the WIFI module of USB interface, 8-EM9280 industrial control mainboards;

8-EM9280 industrial control mainboards are core processing unit, and pass through the keying of relay circuit module control relay; The electric power signal that power information monitoring instrument is sent is received by RS485 interface driving circuits module;Pass through Ethernet 100Base-T4 interface modules carry out wire signal transmission with intelligent router unit;Pass through the WIFI module and intelligence of USB interface Can router unit progress transmission of wireless signals.

How long the internal applications of industrial control mainboard including gather a data according to the content for setting file, to send IP and port numbers of the server arrived etc., are initialized to whole equipment, then set up thread, three sensors of thread 1 pair The collection of data is carried out, is communicated with relevant device by sending device code successively and obtains information;2 pairs of acquisitions of thread Data carry out analysis detection, and are processed into the recognizable numeral of server page, are integrated into " JSON " and are put into queue, and wait It is sent to server;When thread 3 obtains data to thread 2 and meets condition, the even LAN set up of couple in router and outer Portion's network is communicated, and connection request is sent to server.Each switch cubicle has such unit, all with router It is connected.

As shown in figure 4, industrial control mainboard includes:Message processing module, decision-making management module, information fusion module, intelligence control Molding block, the network communication module for transmission information and the global information resource pool for various information;

The sensor assembly that message processing module is set using periphery obtains the transmission of electricity that power information monitoring instrument is gathered Corresponding electric power signal is handled on circuit, obtain Current Voltage value and downstream electrical equipment represent whether powered 0 and 1 On off state and global information resource pool sent by network communication module be used to store;

Decision-making management module is used to receive the collection period (1 second once) set by client and sends (1 hour one cycle It is secondary);And according to the information stored in global information resource pool Current Voltage value and downstream electrical equipment are represented whether band 0 and 1 on off state of electricity is judged, if normal condition, then is uploaded according to transmission cycle 1h once to Cloud Server, if For abnormal condition and abnormality, then stand to be uploaded to Cloud Server and send to Cloud Server by network communication module and alarm Signal;Simultaneously power-off signal is sent in abnormality to relay circuit module;

Information fusion module is used for the electric current electricity for all power information monitoring instruments for being obtained message processing module Pressure value and downstream electrical equipment represent whether 0 and 1 powered on off state is packed;

Intelligent control module is used to receive the control command of client transmission and send global information resource pool to be used to store, And pair relay circuit module being connected with industrial control mainboard carries out connecting and disconnecting of the circuit control.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of High-low voltage switch cabinet system based on Internet of Things, is to be applied to be taken by cloud by several power supply stations and client It is engaged in the environment of internet of things of device composition, the environment of internet of things is used for the power information for monitoring and accessing transmission line of electricity;It is described to supply Electric institute connects upstream power supply unit and downstream electrical equipment by transmission line of electricity;Be provided with each power supply station several with it is described The connected High-low voltage switch cabinet of transmission line of electricity;Power information monitoring instrument is both provided with each High-low voltage switch cabinet;Its feature It is,
The High-low voltage switch cabinet system includes:Switch cubicle main control unit and intelligent router unit;
The intelligent router unit is arranged in each power supply station;
Power information monitoring instrument in each High-low voltage switch cabinet is both provided with corresponding switch cubicle main control unit;
Any one power information monitoring instrument is believed corresponding electric power on the transmission line of electricity according to set collection period Number it is collected, and by RS485 bus transfers into corresponding switch cubicle main control unit;
The client accesses any switch cubicle main control unit by the Cloud Server, and passes through the intelligent router list Member sends control command to corresponding switch cubicle main control unit;
The intelligent router unit be used to setting up belonging to all switch cubicle main control units in power supply station by Cloud Server with The connection of the client, and for building VLAN;The VLAN is by the Intelligent routing in each power supply station Device unit is constituted, and is conducted interviews the change and debugging with plug-in file by client;
The electric power signal periodically received is converted to power information by the switch cubicle main control unit according to the collection period;And The comprehensive descision of load is operated to the power information:If the power information exceeds set early warning value, then it represents that The power information is abnormal condition;The power information of the abnormal condition is passed through into the intelligent router unit immediately The Cloud Server is sent in a wired or wireless fashion;If the power information exceeds set dangerous values, then it represents that institute Power information is stated for abnormality;Automatically the relay switch closed on the switch cubicle main control unit, cut-out downstream electricity consumption is set It is standby, and the power information of the abnormality is sent to the Cloud Server;Otherwise it is normal shape to represent the power information State, and the power information of the normal condition is sent to by the Cloud Server according to the set transmission cycle;
The power information monitoring instrument includes:
Intelligent electric power detector YTZJ-1, on off state instrument YT9300 and integrated protection instrument with RS485 communication interfaces WDD-1BG, its annexation is the pins in parallel of same names;
The intelligent electric power detector YTZJ-1, electric current, information of voltage and downstream electrical equipment for detecting transmission line of electricity Available power, reactive power and power factor;
The on off state instrument YT9300, the on off state for detecting downstream electrical equipment;
The integrated protection instrument WDD-1BG is used to monitoring, protect and feeding back downstream power supply unit;
Monitoring retransmission unit and web services end are provided with the Cloud Server;
The monitoring retransmission unit passes through TCP to the received power information for gathering and sending from switch cubicle main control unit Long connection monitored and forward web services end to be shown;
The composition of the switch cubicle main control unit includes:Relay circuit module, RS485 interface driving circuits module, Ethernet Interface module, the WIFI module of USB interface, industrial control mainboard;
The industrial control mainboard is core processing unit, and controls opening for the relay switch by the relay circuit module Close;The electric power signal that the power information monitoring instrument is sent is received by the RS485 interface driving circuits module;By with Too network interface module carries out wire signal transmission with the intelligent router unit;By the WIFI module of the USB interface with The intelligent router unit carries out transmission of wireless signals;
The industrial control mainboard includes:Message processing module, decision-making management module, information fusion module, intelligent control module, network Communication module and the global information resource pool for various information;
The sensor assembly that described information processing module is set using periphery obtains what the power information monitoring instrument was gathered Corresponding electric power signal is handled on transmission line of electricity, is obtained the on off state of Current Voltage value and downstream electrical equipment and is led to Cross the network communication module and send the global information resource pool for storing;
The decision-making management module is used to receive collection period and the transmission cycle set by the client;And according to described complete The information stored in office information resources pond judged the on off state of Current Voltage value and downstream electrical equipment, if Normal condition, then carry out being uploaded to Cloud Server, if abnormal condition and abnormality, then pass through according to the transmission cycle The network communication module is vertical to be uploaded to Cloud Server and sends alarm signal to the Cloud Server;Simultaneously in abnormality Power-off signal is sent to relay circuit module;
Described information Fusion Module is used for the electric current for all power information monitoring instruments for being obtained described information processing module Magnitude of voltage and the on off state of downstream electrical equipment are packed;
The intelligent control module is used to receive the control command of client transmission and send the global information resource pool to be used for Storage, and pair relay circuit module being connected with the industrial control mainboard carries out connecting and disconnecting of the circuit control;
Also include network monitoring module, abnormality detection module, connection management module, data forwarding mould on the Cloud Server Block, information inquiry module, trend prediction module, intelligent early-warning module, exception processing module, remote control module, process communication Global information resource pool on module, data processing module, database and the Cloud Server;Cloud Server passes through network monitoring Module sets up data cube computation with intelligent router unit, and the transmission cycle when data are normal according to setting passes through connection management mould Data are given data forwarding module by block, and set up corresponding process and cloud by the process communication module monitored in retransmission unit The process communication module of server carries out the transmission of data, when abnormality detection module detects data exception, not by setting Surely send the cycle but directly carry out data transmission;The data processing module of Cloud Server by process communication module and database with And the information in the global information resource pool on the Cloud Server is mutually passed, and stored by database;Work as client When end has information to need to be sent to switch cubicle, control information is transmitted to the global letter on the Cloud Server by remote control module Resource pool is ceased, information is transmitted to by process communication module by data processing module, then data are outwards transmitted;It is anti-for switch cubicle The information come is fed back to, data processing module is passed to by process communication module, data processing module passes through comparison database internal memory The information shown required for the information processing of storage into WEB service end, and also have trend prediction module will by information inquiry module Resulting power information and the trend of power information shown, by by power information with it is complete on the Cloud Server The data in office's information resources pond carry out reminding aobvious after being contrasted by intelligent early-warning module to the abnormal condition of power information Show, and using exception processing module to server send order transfer third-party application to setting phone number send prompting it is short Letter;User sends control command by remote control module in client end interface after prompting is received to switch cubicle.
CN201510175160.4A 2015-04-14 2015-04-14 A kind of High-low voltage switch cabinet system based on Internet of Things CN104734363B (en)

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CN105527874A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-04-27 成都摩通科技有限公司 Extensible IOT integrated data processing response system
CN105844880A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-10 深圳市行健自动化股份有限公司 Passive offshore platform integrated protection information wireless management system and method thereof
CN106413341A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 成都明日星辰科技有限公司 Solar communication cabinet
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CN106685081A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-17 广西芮芽科技有限公司 Control system of high and low voltage switchgear
CN106877507A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-06-20 合肥羿振电力设备有限公司 A kind of switch cubicle monitoring system
CN107357199B (en) * 2017-06-23 2020-08-04 许昌初心智能电气科技有限公司 Electric power operation and maintenance system
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CN103972981B (en) * 2014-03-25 2016-07-06 包建伟 A kind of intelligent monitor system of the low-tension switch cabinet based on cloud
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