CN104695979B - A kind of method using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate - Google Patents

A kind of method using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104695979B
CN104695979B CN201510085161.XA CN201510085161A CN104695979B CN 104695979 B CN104695979 B CN 104695979B CN 201510085161 A CN201510085161 A CN 201510085161A CN 104695979 B CN104695979 B CN 104695979B
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China
Prior art keywords
chassis
template
big
adjustment
tall
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CN201510085161.XA
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CN104695979A (en
Inventor
林鸣
孟凡利
孔令磊
彭晓鹏
张怡戈
刘昊槟
靳胜
杨润来
孟令月
刘保永
唐永国
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CCCC First Harbor Engineering Co Ltd
No 1 Engineering Co Ltd of CCCC First Harbor Engineering Co Ltd
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CCCC First Harbor Engineering Co Ltd
No 1 Engineering Co Ltd of CCCC First Harbor Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510085161.XA priority Critical patent/CN104695979B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/04Lining with building materials
    • E21D11/10Lining with building materials with concrete cast in situ; Shuttering also lost shutterings, e.g. made of blocks, of metal plates or other equipment adapted therefor
    • E21D11/102Removable shuttering; Bearing or supporting devices therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/40Devices or apparatus specially adapted for handling or placing units of linings or supporting units for tunnels or galleries

Abstract

The present invention relates to tunnel construction technical field, provide a kind of method using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate, template is connected with fixing card by the load-sharing girder on chassis, adjusted up or down by the pull bar of the adjustment up and down Control architecture of chassis, the distance between metope of template and wall is adjusted by the horizontal adjustment bar of chassis;Wait after the completion of pouring, mobile trolley used by slide rail, chassis drives formwork integral moving to the second section in tunnel.Method provided by the invention using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate, after one-time-concreting operation is completed, template need to only be unclamped, and mobile trolley used to the next section that pours carries out model sheetinstallat, solution needs to break template in the prior art, assembly is re-started again, the problem of causing workload big.

Description

A kind of method using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate
Technical field
The present invention relates to tunnel construction technical field, more particularly to the construction method of tunnel wall, more specifically relate to And the method that tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate is utilized during tunnel wall construction.
Background technology
In tunnel walls concrete casting process, generally require to apply high and big die plate, such as port Zhuhai and Macao bridge island tunnel engineering Western man-made island open section, its tunnel wall are high and big die plate more than 15m, used template highly more than 10m, length, and And there is the characteristics of modular unit is more, i.e. fritter template is more, and large form needs to form by small pieces template spelling.
In the prior art, the general construction method of tunnel wall form is:After the completion of reinforcing bar colligation, risen using crane etc. Heavy equipment carries out assembled formwork, after the completion of concreting, treats that concrete strength meets to require, that is, utilizes the crane gears such as crane Form removal, then template is hung into next section with crane needs the scope of operation that pours to carry out again spelling installation, so do for Mini engineering or small members are practical, but will increase many form removals, shifting formwork, the work for spelling mould to pouring for large-scale component Amount, not only makes construction working become extremely cumbersome, can also increase the engineering time, reduces operating efficiency, and consume excessive people Power and material resources.
Therefore, the deficiency for more than, it is desirable to provide one kind need not repeat assembled and form removal, you can in one section of tunnel The method that wall is moved integrally template after the completion of pouring.
The content of the invention
(1) technical problems to be solved
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of method using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate, After completing one-time-concreting operation, template need to only be unclamped, and mobile trolley used to the next section that pours carries out model sheetinstallat, solves Need to break template in the prior art, then re-start assembly, the problem of causing workload big.
(2) technical scheme
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the invention provides a kind of side using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate Method, comprise the following steps:
S1, slide rail is first installed on tunnel floor, then installation form and reinforced on the wall of the first segment in tunnel, Chassis is installed on the slide rail of the bottom plate of the second section in tunnel again;
S2, chassis is moved in the first segment in tunnel by slide rail, passes through the load-sharing girder on chassis and fixing card connects Template is connect, fixing card one end is fixed on load-sharing girder, the other end connection template of fixing card;
S3, adjusted up or down by the pull bar of the adjustment up and down Control architecture of chassis, pass through the horizontal adjustment bar of chassis The distance between metope of template and wall is adjusted, after the position adjustment of template, starts to pour;
S4, wait after the completion of pouring, mobile trolley used by slide rail, chassis drives formwork integral moving to second section in tunnel Section.
Preferably, in abovementioned steps S2, after chassis fixes, chassis and ground are fixed using Windproof inhaul cable.
Preferably, in abovementioned steps S3, the method for adjusting upward template is:The first nut below beam will be adjusted to downward It is whole, then together it is lifted up together with template using the load-sharing girder that the jack on chassis connects, load-sharing girder is promoted to When at one nut, the second nut adjusted above beam is adjusted downwards, completes adjusting upward for template.
Preferably, in abovementioned steps S3, the method for adjusting template downwards is:The second nut above beam will be adjusted to up-regulation Whole, then using the load-sharing girder that the jack on chassis connects, together with template, together falls downward, load-sharing girder drop to When at two nuts, the first nut adjusted below beam is adjusted upward, completes the downward adjustment of template.
Preferably, in abovementioned steps S3, the method for adjustment of distance is between template and metope:By adjusting horizontal adjustment bar On leakage screw thread length, by adjust beam together with template position carry out horizontal adjustment, its template is zoomed out or press close to metope.
Preferably, in abovementioned steps S3, it is full thread screw to adjust pull bar up and down.
Preferably, in abovementioned steps S2, adjustment beam is welded using Two bors d's oeuveres channel-section steel.
Preferably, foregoing first nut and the second nut are disk nut.
(3) beneficial effect
The above-mentioned technical proposal of the present invention has the following advantages that:
A kind of method using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate provided by the invention, passes through the load-sharing girder on chassis Template is connected with fixing card, is adjusted up or down by the pull bar of the adjustment up and down Control architecture of chassis, passes through the level of chassis Adjust the distance between metope of bar adjustment template and wall;Wait after the completion of pouring, chassis band dynamic model mobile trolley used by slide rail Plate is moved integrally to the second section in tunnel.
The present invention can be moved up and down by adjusting pull bar Control architecture up and down, horizontal adjustment bar Control architecture move left and right with And steel wheel mobile drive template on slide rail moves forward and backward, and realizes movement of the template on tri- directions of X, Y, Z.
Method provided by the invention tears combination open by gantry crane concept, i.e. formwork jumbo, with template peace, makes template Peace tears that operation is more convenient, and the peace for simplifying template tears process open open, only need to assemble a template, you can turnover is reciprocal to be used, and is reduced Plant equipment and it is artificial use, improve operating efficiency.
The height and width of formwork jumbo used in the present invention can according to pour the size of thing, the scale of construction optimizes, with Adapt to the template construction of the concrete structures of other structures form.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of template of the present invention and the chassis installation site in tunnel;
Fig. 2 is template of the present invention and chassis connecting portion schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the overall structure diagram after template of the present invention is connected with chassis;
Fig. 4 is the template and chassis overall structure diagram after the completion of the present invention reinforces;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram that the present invention adjusts upward the template first step;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram that the present invention adjusts upward template second step;
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram that the present invention adjusts upward the step of template the 3rd;
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of the template first step of adjustment downwards of the invention;
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of the template second step of adjustment downwards of the invention;
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of the step of template the 3rd of adjustment downwards of the invention;
Figure 11 is the method schematic diagram that the present invention presses close to template and metope;
Figure 12 is of the invention by template and the remote method schematic diagram of metope.
In figure:1:The first segment in tunnel;2:The second section in tunnel;3:Chassis;4:Template;5:Adjust beam;6:Load sharing Beam;7:Fixing card;8:Adjustment pull bar up and down;9:Horizontal adjustment bar;10:First nut;11:Second nut;12:Slide rail;13:Steel Wheel;14:Windproof inhaul cable.
Embodiment
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is The part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, ordinary skill people The every other embodiment that member is obtained on the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment one
A kind of method using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate provided in an embodiment of the present invention, including following step Suddenly:
S1, as shown in figure 1, first slide rail is installed on tunnel floor, the material of slide rail is rail, then the first of tunnel Installation form and to be reinforced respectively on the wall both sides of section, the template is the side template of wall, and two templates are vertically arranged, and Each parallel to wall, then chassis is installed on the slide rail of the bottom plate of the second section in tunnel, chassis is existed by the steel wheel of its bottom Moved on slide rail.
S2, chassis is moved in the first segment in tunnel by slide rail, when template is completely covered chassis, by chassis It is connected with template, as shown in Figure 2,3, template is connected with fixing card by the load-sharing girder on chassis, fixing card one end is fixed on point In carrier beam, the other end connection template of fixing card;After chassis fixes, Windproof inhaul cable is used in the both sides of chassis by chassis and ground Face is fixed, as shown in figure 4, Windproof inhaul cable is obliquely arranged between chassis and ground.
S3, adjusted up or down by the pull bar of the adjustment up and down Control architecture of chassis, pass through the horizontal adjustment bar of chassis The distance between metope of template and wall is adjusted, after the position adjustment of template, starts to pour;
The method for adjusting upward template is:As illustrated in figs. 5-7, the first nut adjusted below beam is adjusted downwards, then Together it is lifted up together with template using the load-sharing girder that the jack on chassis connects, load-sharing girder is promoted at the first nut When, the second nut adjusted above beam is adjusted downwards, completes adjusting upward for template.
The method of adjustment template is downwards:As seen in figs. 8-10, the second nut adjusted above beam is adjusted upward, then Using the load-sharing girder that the jack on chassis connects, together with template, together falls downward, load-sharing girder are drop at the second nut When, the first nut adjusted below beam is adjusted upward, completes the downward adjustment of template.
The method of adjustment of distance is between template and metope:As shown in Figure 11,12, it is outer on horizontal adjustment bar by adjusting The length of screw thread is leaked, position of the beam together with template will be adjusted and carry out horizontal adjustment, its template is zoomed out or press close to metope.
S4, wait after the completion of pouring, mobile trolley used by slide rail, chassis drives formwork integral moving to second section in tunnel Section.
Wherein, adjustment pull bar be full thread screw up and down, adjusts beam and is welded using Two bors d's oeuveres channel-section steel, the first nut and the Two nuts are disk nut.
Finally it should be noted that:The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although The present invention is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those within the art that:It still may be used To be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or equivalent substitution is carried out to which part technical characteristic; And these modification or replace, do not make appropriate technical solution essence depart from various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme spirit and Scope.

Claims (8)

  1. A kind of 1. method using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
    S1, slide rail is first installed on tunnel floor, then installation form and reinforced on the wall of the first segment in tunnel, then Chassis is installed on the slide rail of the bottom plate of the second section in tunnel;
    S2, the chassis is moved in the first segment in tunnel by the slide rail, by the load-sharing girder on the chassis and Fixing card connects the template, and described fixing card one end is fixed on load-sharing girder, and the other end of the fixing card connects the mould Plate;
    S3, adjusted up or down by the pull bar of the adjustment up and down Control architecture of the chassis, pass through the horizontal tune of the chassis The distance between metope of whole bar adjustment template and wall, after the position adjustment of template, starts to pour;
    S4, wait after the completion of pouring, the chassis is moved by the slide rail, the chassis drives the formwork integral moving to tunnel The second section in road.
  2. 2. the method according to claim 1 using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate, it is characterised in that:The step In rapid S2, after the chassis fixes, the chassis is fixed with ground using Windproof inhaul cable.
  3. 3. the method according to claim 1 using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate, it is characterised in that:The step In rapid S3, the method for adjusting upward the template is:First nut below adjustment beam is adjusted downwards, then using the chassis On the load-sharing girder that connects of jack be together lifted up together with the template, the load-sharing girder is promoted to first spiral shell When at mother, the second nut above the adjustment beam is adjusted downwards, completes adjusting upward for template.
  4. 4. the method according to claim 1 using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate, it is characterised in that:The step In rapid S3, the method for adjusting the template downwards is:The second nut adjusted above beam is adjusted upward, then using described By the load-sharing girder that jack connects, together with the template, together falls downward, the load-sharing girder drop to described jack on car When at the second nut, the first nut adjusted below beam is adjusted upward, completes the downward adjustment of template.
  5. 5. the method according to claim 1 using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate, it is characterised in that:The step In rapid S3, the method for adjustment of distance is between the template and metope:By adjusting the leakage screw thread on the horizontal adjustment bar Length, by adjust beam together with the template position carry out horizontal adjustment, template is zoomed out or press close to metope.
  6. 6. the method according to claim 1 using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate, it is characterised in that:The step In rapid S3, the pull bar of adjustment up and down is full thread screw.
  7. 7. the method using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate according to any one of claim 3 or 4, its feature It is:In the step S2, the adjustment beam is welded using Two bors d's oeuveres channel-section steel.
  8. 8. the method using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate according to any one of claim 3 or 4, its feature It is:First nut and the second nut are disk nut.
CN201510085161.XA 2015-02-16 2015-02-16 A kind of method using tall and big chassis whole lateral moving high and big die plate Active CN104695979B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104695979B true CN104695979B (en) 2018-03-20

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105951604B (en) * 2016-06-21 2018-05-25 王源 A kind of bridge pier modular system
CN106013233B (en) * 2016-07-14 2018-09-04 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Sliding system and its construction method for underground pipe gallery cast-in-place construction
CN106988314A (en) * 2017-03-17 2017-07-28 中交航局第工程有限公司 A kind of counter weight type formwork jumbo, counter weight type outrigger platform, and construction method
CN110792100B (en) * 2019-11-01 2021-05-07 海门市帕源路桥建设有限公司 Installation and correction female die for box-type telescopic inner die telescopic frame

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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DE19509315C1 (en) * 1995-03-15 1996-05-09 Hermann Ing Grad Breucha Concrete post-treatment during tunnel concretion
DE102005028767A1 (en) * 2005-06-08 2006-12-28 Domesle Schalungs- Und Metallbau Gmbh Formwork carriage for concrete formwork has two chassis formed as chassis modules whereby first chassis module has steerable, driven wheel and second chassis module has a heavy duty steering roller
CN101429752B (en) * 2007-11-05 2010-05-12 中交一航局第一工程有限公司 Pier column prefabrication splicing building technology
CN201553529U (en) * 2009-10-12 2010-08-18 中交一航局第二工程有限公司 Steel pipe combined type caisson mold plate lifting frame
CN203834373U (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-09-17 葛洲坝集团第一工程有限公司 Lifting movement mold carriage trolley for box culvert side wall formwork

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