CN104692591B - A kind of ladder oxygen supplement city river processing equipment and its sewage water treatment method - Google Patents

A kind of ladder oxygen supplement city river processing equipment and its sewage water treatment method Download PDF

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CN104692591B
CN104692591B CN201510083597.5A CN201510083597A CN104692591B CN 104692591 B CN104692591 B CN 104692591B CN 201510083597 A CN201510083597 A CN 201510083597A CN 104692591 B CN104692591 B CN 104692591B
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water
room
drop
size
plate
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CN104692591A (en
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刘学应
王钒语
武龙
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Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power
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Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/20Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment
    • Y02A20/208Off-grid powered water treatment
    • Y02A20/212Solar-powered wastewater sewage treatment, e.g. spray evaporation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of ladder oxygen supplement city river processing equipment and its sewage water treatment method, river course processing equipment includes treating column, solar energy equipment, suction pump and artificial aquatic weed, drop room and water-retention room are provided with treating column, drop interior is provided with drop plate, cobblestone is provided with drop plate, solar energy equipment includes solar panel, connecting pole, controller for solar and installing plate, and artificial aquatic weed is laid bricks with fixation and is connected, and the sewage water treatment method comprises the steps:(1) treating column is built;(2) installation of drop plate;(3) installation of solar energy equipment;(4) installation of suction pump and accumulator;(5) installation of artificial aquatic weed is placed;(6) river sewage is processed.The sewage water treatment method, not only increases the dissolved oxygen content in water so that the water quality after purification more preferably, is easy to construction again, reduces difficulty of construction, and the assosting effect by artificial aquatic weed, improve the self-purification capacity in river course, and later maintenance is also more convenient.

Description

A kind of ladder oxygen supplement city river processing equipment and its sewage water treatment method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of ladder oxygen supplement city river processing equipment and its sewage water treatment method.
Background technology
In the formation and development in city, river is related to city existence, restriction as important resource and environment support Urban development, is the key factor for affecting Urban style and beautifying urban environment.Urban river has supply water source, provides green The items ecological functions such as ground, environmental protection, transportation and cultural education.Construction, expansion development of urban space side in city Face shows irreplaceable meaning.And with the quickening of Chinese Urbanization paces, river two sides land development and utilization, city river Stream function is damaged, and a large amount of industry, sanitary sewage are directly discharged into korneforos without process, cause pollution of estuary, water quality deterioration, river Stream ecological environment is destroyed.
An important indicator for weighing water quality of river situation is dissolved oxygen content, and the height of dissolved oxygen content is directly affected The growth of aquatic organism and the self-purification capacity in river course.Dissolved oxygen content is higher, then the aquatic growth in river is normal, and aerobic bacteria population lives Jump, water quality of river are preferable.In the prior art, the dissolved oxygen content for improving river typically adopts mechanic aeration system.This exposure Although gas mode can increase the oxygen content in water, relatively costly, and later period maintenance expense is larger, and resource consumption is big, Construction is more complicated, and security performance is relatively low.
The content of the invention
Present invention aim at provide a kind of ladder oxygen supplement city river for the deficiency existing for prior art processing The technical scheme of equipment and its sewage water treatment method, the equipment principle are simple, and simple structure is easy for installation, and without the need for extraneous Energy resource supply, provides the energy for suction pump by solar energy equipment, runs low cost, practical and later maintenance cost is low, Use range is wider, by the design of drop room and ladder, increases the contact area of water and air, effectively increases molten in water Solution oxygen content, with considerable economic benefit and social benefit, cost performance is high, improves comprehensive utilization ratio.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention is adopted the following technical scheme that:
A kind of ladder oxygen supplement city river processing equipment, it is characterised in that:River course processing equipment includes treating column, solar energy Device, suction pump and artificial aquatic weed, treating column are located on riverbank, be provided with steel plate, treating column and arrange on the top surface for the treatment of column There are drop room and water-retention room, the right side bottom of room of dropping is provided with outlet, and drop interior is provided with drop plate, arranges in drop plate The left side bottom for having cobblestone, water-retention room is provided with import, is provided with filter screen, the rear end for the treatment of column in import and outlet Water inlet is provided with face, water inlet is communicated with drop room, the right side upper end of water-retention room is provided with outlet, and water-retention room is by connecting Water receiving pipe is connected with drop room, and solar energy equipment and suction pump are respectively positioned on the top surface of steel plate, and solar energy equipment includes the sun Can cell panel, connecting pole, controller for solar and installing plate, phase at the top of connecting pole and the bottom center of solar panel Connection, the bottom of connecting pole are connected with installing plate, and controller for solar is located on installing plate, and suction pump is located at solar energy equipment Right side, be provided with accumulator between suction pump and solar energy equipment, artificial aquatic weed is located in river course, artificial aquatic weed and fixed block Brick is connected, and to fix and be provided with least two connecting holes on laying bricks, and the bottom of artificial aquatic weed is connected with connecting hole by rope; The design of drop room, increased the dissolved oxygen content in water, is staggered installation of by the left and right of internal drop plate, increases the dissolving of water Oxygen content, effectively suppresses the smelly of water, improves the transparency and water quality of water so that the Effects of Water Quality after process more preferably, and drops The design of plate cobble, further increases the contact area of water and air so that content of oxygen dissolved in water is higher so that fall The effect of water plate is more obvious, the design of water-retention room, can be stored therein in the water for passing through the process of drop room, when what is processed When water reaches the outlet of water-retention room, water is discharged from outlet so that operation enhanced convenience is simple, the design of filter screen, By through drop room process after water in oarse-grained contaminant filter, improve process after water quality, the design of solar energy equipment, Solar energy is absorbed by solar panel, then the solar energy of absorption is converted into into electric energy and charged for accumulator, by accumulator The energy is provided for suction pump, equipment operation low cost is reduced, it is practical, and also later maintenance cost is low, has saved resource, The design of artificial aquatic weed, has further purified water quality, and artificial aquatic weed has been easy to the attachment of strain group in water, is easy to its growth numerous Spread out, improve the self-purification capacity of water body, and the cost of artificial aquatic weed is relatively low, easy construction is simple, reduces operating cost, just In the maintenance in later stage.
Further, accumulator protecting shell is provided with the outside of accumulator, the design of accumulator protecting shell extends accumulator Service life, reduce cost, prevent accumulator due to being chronically exposed to outside, and appearance of making moist is damaged or is leaked electricity existing As improve the security performance of operation.
Further, drop room is cuboid with water-retention room, and the design of cuboid is easy to actual construction, reduces and apply Work difficulty, accelerates speed of application so that operation is more simple and convenient, has saved engineering time and construction cost, later stage dimension Repair also more convenient.
Further, the size of steel plate is matched with the top surface size for the treatment of column, and steel plate passes through swell fixture and treating column phase Connection, the design of plate size is easy to actual construction demand, upper lid of the steel plate as treating column, it is to avoid due to drop room with The splashing of water in water-retention room, affects the work of part is installed on steel plate top surface, protects part, reduce maintenance cost, while The design of swell fixture so that steel plate is more solid and reliable with the connection for the treatment of column, and it is easy to the installation and removal of steel plate, Be conducive to the inspection and maintenance to treating column inner body so that operation enhanced convenience.
Further, its right end face for the treatment of column is stepped, by stair-stepping design so that the dissolved oxygen content in water Further improve, the water quality after purification has obtained further purification, strong turbulent fluctuation, turbulent fluctuation energy are produced when current encounter ladder Increase, causes being involved in for a large amount of bubbles so that the oxygen transmission area of water body increases, so that Dissolved Oxygen in Water content increases.
Using a kind of sewage water treatment method of ladder oxygen supplement city river processing equipment described above, it is characterised in that include Following construction procedure:
(1) treating column builds the selection of address:Work efficiency first according to the length and treating column for processing river course, it is determined that The size built number, the principle and treating column of solar energy are then absorbed according to solar energy equipment for the treatment of column, selectes week Enclose no trees to block, and vacant lot area meets the address of building where treating column is built as treating column, then will be selected The debris cleaning built on the ground of address it is clean, and it is smooth to build address laying;
(2) treating column is built:First step treating column is built, first size according to treating column on drawing, uses Preprepared to be laid bricks and put up the ground and outline for the treatment of column, further according to drop room and the size of water-retention room, It is determined that the drop position of room and water-retention room inside treating column, according to drop room and the size of water-retention room, it is determined that room outlet of dropping, The size and location of drop room water inlet, the import of water-retention room and water-retention room outlet, is put up with the inside laid bricks treating column, And reserve the position of connecting water pipe between the outlet of drop room and the import of water-retention room, the position of drop room water inlet and water-retention room The position of outlet, second step ladder are built, and the number with ladder on the height of tape measuring treating column, then comprehensive drawing is true Ladder is put up, the cast of the 3rd step concrete by the fixed height for often saving ladder according to the height of ladder, with stirring mixing in advance Good concrete will be the surface casting for the treatment of column, drop room and water-retention room smooth;
(3) installation of drop plate:The determination of first step drop board size, the first size with tape measuring drop room are big It is little, according to measured value and design drawing, it is determined that the size and installation site of drop plate, then will with preprepared sheet material Drop plate cutting is spliced, and the upper lid of the drop plate for having spliced, the installation of second step drop plate, according to the peace of drop plate Holding position, drop plate is installed from below to up one by one, and the plate or so that drops is staggered installation of, the placement of the 3rd step cobblestone, root According to the inside dimensions size of drop plate, cobblestone is selected, the cobblestone for choosing is clean with clean water, reinstall drop In plate;
(4) installation of steel plate:The size in measurement processing tower top face, according to measured value, cutting is matched with its size Steel plate, the steel plate for cutting is placed on the top surface for the treatment of column, then fixation is tightened by swell fixture;
(5) installation of solar energy equipment:The fixation of first step installing plate, measures steel plate with tape measure and angle measurement unit Center and the center of installing plate, further according to the size of installing plate, determine the installation site of installing plate, and pacify The center of dress plate in the same horizontal line, is fixed with screw-driving with the centrage of steel plate, second step solar energy equipment Combination is installed, and connecting pole is arranged on the center of installing plate, then the other end of connecting pole is connected with solar panel Connect, and connecting pole is directed at the center of solar panel, controller for solar is pacified by the installation of the 3rd step controller for solar Dress is on a mounting board;
(6) installation of suction pump and accumulator:First suction pump is arranged on steel plate, and suction pump is located in steel plate On heart line, further according to the angles and positions that solar panel is rotated, the position that accumulator is installed is determined, by accumulator and steel plate Top surface be connected;
(7) installation of artificial aquatic weed is placed:Width first according to the pollution of river situation and river course for processing, it is determined that manually Quantity required for pasture and water, determines the quantity that fixation is laid bricks further according to the quantity needed for artificial aquatic weed, by the artificial water for assembling Grass by rope through fixation lay bricks on hole be secured to tighten, and the binding of each rope is highly consistent, then basis The fixation for tying up artificial aquatic weed is laid bricks and is placed in river by the spacing size between fixation is laid bricks on drawing;
(8) river sewage is processed:
A () solar energy equipment absorbs solar energy by solar panel when there is sunlight to irradiate, then by solar energy control The solar energy of absorption is converted into electric energy by device processed, is stored in accumulator;
B () presses the shift knob of suction pump, accumulator starts to provide electric energy for suction pump, and draw water pump work, suction pump Water in river course, then the water inlet that the water of extraction is transported to treating column by the outlet of suction pump are extracted by drinking-water pipe In;
C water that () conveys is entered in drop room by the water inlet for the treatment of column, and water falls from drop ceiling portion toward bottom During, by the inhibition of drop in room of dropping plate and cobblestone, purify water;
D the water of () after room of dropping is processed, is entered in water-retention room by the outlet of room bottom of dropping, its particle In water-retention room, precipitation forms precipitate, and when the water level of water-retention room reaches the outlet of water-retention room, water is from water-retention room outlet Flow out;
E water that () is flowed out from water-retention room outlet, after the ladder oxygen supplement for the treatment of column right side is processed, is flowed into river course, The artificial aquatic weed placed in river course simultaneously, provides attachment carrier for the algal fungi in river course;
F () periodically processes the precipitate of drop room and water-retention room bottom, make regular check on the ecological matrix of artificial aquatic weed, try to be a good fellow The maintenance work of work pasture and water, is cleared up in time.
Further, in step (2), according to the outlet of drop room and the size of water-retention room import, determine the chi of filter screen Very little and installation site, further according to the length of connecting water pipe, determines the length of mounting column, is determined according to the size of filter screen and is pacified The installation site of dress pillar, mounting column is arranged on filter screen.
Further, in step (6), the water inlet of suction pump is communicated with river course by drinking-water pipe, further according to treating column The size of water inlet, determines the size of connecting water pipe, by the outlet of suction pump by connecting water pipe and the water inlet for the treatment of column It is connected.
Further, in step (6), the accumulator protecting shell matched according to size Selection and its size of accumulator The accumulator protecting shell selected is arranged on the outside of accumulator, tightens screw so as to be fixedly connected with steel plate top surface by size.
The present invention is had the advantages that as a result of above-mentioned technical proposal:
1st, the design of drop room, increased the dissolved oxygen content in water, is staggered installation of by the left and right of internal drop plate, is increased The dissolved oxygen content for adding water, effectively suppresses the smelly of water, improves the transparency and water quality of water so that the Effects of Water Quality after process is more It is good, and the design of the plate cobble that drops, further increase the contact area of water and air so that content of oxygen dissolved in water is more It is high so that the effect of drop plate is more obvious;
2nd, the design of solar energy equipment, absorbs solar energy by solar panel, then the solar energy of absorption is converted into Electric energy charges for accumulator, provides the energy for suction pump by accumulator, reduces equipment operation low cost, practical, and And later maintenance cost is low, resource has been saved;
3rd, the design of artificial aquatic weed, has further purified water quality, and artificial aquatic weed has been easy to the attachment of strain group in water, just In its growth procreation, the self-purification capacity of water body is improve, and the cost of artificial aquatic weed is relatively low, easy construction is simple, reduces Operating cost, is easy to the maintenance in later stage;
4th, its right end face for the treatment of column is stepped, by stair-stepping design so that the dissolved oxygen content in water enters one Step is improved, and the water quality after purification has obtained further purification, strong turbulent fluctuation is produced when current encounter ladder, and turbulent fluctuation can increase Greatly, cause being involved in for a large amount of bubbles so that the oxygen transmission area of water body increases, so that Dissolved Oxygen in Water content increases.
Material installation needed for this construction method is less, and impact during construction to surrounding is less, will not produce building Rubbish and construction noise, and electric energy is provided for accumulator by solar energy, without the need for fuel, no any pollution reduces operation Cost, this construction method is using drop plate so that the dissolved oxygen content in water increases, and stepped design, not only improves Dissolved oxygen content in water so that the water quality after purification more preferably, is easy to actual construction again, reduces difficulty of construction, then lead to The assosting effect of artificial aquatic weed is crossed, the self-purification capacity in river course is improve, artificial aquatic weed morphological appearance, being placed in water neither affects water Body landscape, is conducive to the growth of microorganism to multiply again, and the construction of artificial aquatic weed lays simply, and later maintenance is also relatively more square Just.
Present configuration is simple, practical, provides electric energy for suction pump by solar energy, not only reduces energy consumption, saves Resource having been saved, cost having been reduced, and electric energy is provided using solar energy, no any pollution has protected ecological environment, then passed through Stepped design, changes original mechanical type aeration mode, not only improves water body dissolved oxygen amount, and reduces cost so that Construction enhanced convenience is simple, and the design of artificial aquatic weed further increases the self-purification capacity in river course so that wastewater purifying efficiency More preferably.
Description of the drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the construction technology figure of a kind of ladder oxygen supplement city river processing equipment of the invention and its sewage water treatment method;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of river course processing equipment in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the cut-away view for the treatment of column in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the connection diagram of suction pump and treating column in the present invention.
In figure:1- treating columns;2- solar energy equipments;3- suction pumps;4- artificial aquatic weeds;5- steel plates;6- drops room;7- water-retentions Room;8- drinking-water pipes;9- riverbanks;10- drop plates;11- cobblestones;12- filter screens;13- water inlets;14- outlets;15- connects Water receiving pipe;16- solar panels;17- connecting poles;18- controller for solar;19- installing plates;20- accumulator;21- river courses; 22- is fixed and is laid bricks;23- connecting holes;24- accumulator protecting shells.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figures 2 to 4, it is a kind of ladder oxygen supplement city river processing equipment of the invention, river course processing equipment includes Treating column 1, solar energy equipment 2, suction pump 3 and artificial aquatic weed 4, treating column 1 are located on riverbank 9, and its right end face for the treatment of column 1 is in Stepped, by stair-stepping design so that the dissolved oxygen content in water is further improved, the water quality after purification has obtained one The purification of step, produces strong turbulent fluctuation when current encounter ladder, and turbulent fluctuation can increase, and cause being involved in for a large amount of bubbles so that water body Oxygen transmission area increase so that Dissolved Oxygen in Water content increase, steel plate 5, steel plate 5 are provided with the top surface for the treatment of column 1 Size match with the top surface size for the treatment of column 1, steel plate 5 is connected with treating column 1 by swell fixture, 5 size of steel plate Design, is easy to actual construction demand, upper lid of the steel plate 5 as treating column 1, it is to avoid due to room 6 and the water in water-retention room 7 of dropping Splash, affect the work of part is installed on steel plate 5 top surface, protect part, reduce maintenance cost, while swell fixture sets Meter so that steel plate 5 is more solid and reliable with the connection for the treatment of column 1, and is easy to the installation and removal of steel plate 5, and it is right to be conducive to The inspection and maintenance of 1 inner body for the treatment of column so that operation enhanced convenience, is provided with drop room 6 and water-retention room in treating column 1 7, drop room 6 is cuboid with water-retention room 7, and the design of cuboid is easy to actual construction, reduces difficulty of construction, accelerates Speed of application so that operation is more simple and convenient, has saved engineering time and construction cost, later period maintenance also relatively side Just, the right side bottom of drop room 6 is provided with outlet, and drop plate 10 is provided with drop room 6, and drop plate 10 is interior to be provided with cobblestone 11, the design of room 6 of dropping increased the dissolved oxygen content in water, is staggered installation of by the left and right of internal drop plate 10, increases water Dissolved oxygen content, effectively suppress the smelly of water, improve the transparency and water quality of water so that the Effects of Water Quality after process more preferably, And the design of 10 cobble 11 of plate that drops, further increase the contact area of water and air so that content of oxygen dissolved in water Higher so that the effect of drop plate 10 is more obvious, the left side bottom of water-retention room 7 is provided with import, the design of water-retention room 7, Can will pass through the water that processes of drop room 6 be stored therein in, when the water for processing reaches the outlet 14 of water-retention room 7, water is from going out Discharge at the mouth of a river 14 so that operation enhanced convenience is simple, in import and outlet, be provided with filter screen 12, filter screen 12 Design, by oarse-grained contaminant filter in the water after room 6 of dropping is processed, improves the water quality after processing, after treating column 1 Water inlet 13 is provided with end face, water inlet 13 is communicated with drop room 6, and the right side upper end of water-retention room 7 is provided with outlet 14, stores Hydroecium 7 is connected with drop room 6 by connecting water pipe 15, and solar energy equipment 2 and suction pump 3 are respectively positioned on the top surface of steel plate 5, too Positive energy device 2 includes solar panel 16, connecting pole 17, controller for solar 18 and installing plate 19, the top of connecting pole 17 Be connected at the bottom center of solar panel 16, the bottom of connecting pole 17 is connected with installing plate 19, solar control Device 18 be located at installing plate 19 on, the design of solar energy equipment 2, by solar panel 16 absorb solar energy, then by absorb Solar energy is converted into electric energy and charges for accumulator 20, is that suction pump 3 provides the energy by accumulator 20, reduces equipment operation and make Valency is low, practical, and later maintenance cost is low, has saved resource, and suction pump 3 is located at the right side of solar energy equipment 2, draws water Accumulator 20 is provided between pump 3 and solar energy equipment 2, the outside of accumulator 20 is provided with accumulator protecting shell 24, accumulator The design of containment vessel 24, extends the service life of accumulator 20, reduces cost, prevents accumulator 20 due to long-term sudden and violent It is exposed on the external, and appearance of making moist is damaged or leaky, improve the security performance of operation, artificial aquatic weed 4 is located in river course 21, Artificial aquatic weed 4 is laid bricks with fixation and 22 is connected, and fixation to be laid bricks and be provided with least two connecting holes 23, the bottom of artificial aquatic weed 4 on 22 End is connected with connecting hole 23 by rope, and the design of artificial aquatic weed 4 has further purified water quality, and artificial aquatic weed 4 is easy to The attachment of strain group in water, is easy to its growth procreation, improves the self-purification capacity of water body, and the cost of artificial aquatic weed 4 is relatively low, Easy construction is simple, reduces operating cost, is easy to the maintenance in later stage.
The main material of the present invention is as shown in table 1:
1 main material of table
Using a kind of sewage water treatment method (as shown in Figure 1) of ladder oxygen supplement city river processing equipment described above, bag Include following construction procedure:
(1) treating column builds the selection of address:Work efficiency first according to the length and treating column for processing river course, it is determined that The size built number, the principle and treating column of solar energy are then absorbed according to solar energy equipment for the treatment of column, selectes week Enclose no trees to block, and vacant lot area meets the address of building where treating column is built as treating column, then will be selected The debris cleaning built on the ground of address it is clean, and it is smooth to build address laying, and it is flat to build address laying It is whole, not only improve the enough solar energys of solar energy equipment absorption and the energy is provided for suction pump, be easy to building for treating column again so that Process tower structure after building is more firm, and service life is longer, cost-effective;
(2) treating column is built:First step treating column is built, first size according to treating column on drawing, uses Preprepared to be laid bricks and put up the ground and outline for the treatment of column, further according to drop room and the size of water-retention room, It is determined that the drop position of room and water-retention room inside treating column, according to drop room and the size of water-retention room, it is determined that room outlet of dropping, The size and location of drop room water inlet, the import of water-retention room and water-retention room outlet, is put up with the inside laid bricks treating column, And reserve the position of connecting water pipe between the outlet of drop room and the import of water-retention room, the position of drop room water inlet and water-retention room The position of outlet, second step ladder are built, and the number with ladder on the height of tape measuring treating column, then comprehensive drawing is true Ladder is put up, the cast of the 3rd step concrete by the fixed height for often saving ladder according to the height of ladder, with stirring mixing in advance Good concrete will be the surface casting for the treatment of column, drop room and water-retention room smooth, by processing while multiple treating columns, accelerates City river waste water control speed, and the construction for the treatment of column is simple, and low cost has saved cost;
(3) installation of drop plate:The determination of first step drop board size, the first size with tape measuring drop room are big It is little, according to measured value and design drawing, it is determined that the size and installation site of drop plate, then will with preprepared sheet material Drop plate cutting is spliced, and the upper lid of the drop plate for having spliced, the installation of second step drop plate, according to the peace of drop plate Holding position, drop plate is installed from below to up one by one, and the plate or so that drops is staggered installation of, the placement of the 3rd step cobblestone, root According to the inside dimensions size of drop plate, cobblestone is selected, the cobblestone for choosing is clean with clean water, reinstall drop In plate, the combination of the 4th step filter screen is installed, and first according to the outlet of drop room and the size of water-retention room import, determines sieves The size and installation site of net, further according to the length of connecting water pipe, determines the length of mounting column, according to the size of filter screen Determine the installation site of mounting column, mounting column is arranged on filter screen, staggeredly pacified by the left and right of internal drop plate Dress, increased the dissolved oxygen content in water, and effectively suppresses the smelly of water, improve the transparency and water quality of water so that process Effects of Water Quality afterwards is more preferable, and the design of the plate cobble that drops, further increase the contact area of water and air so that water Middle dissolved oxygen content is higher so that the effect of drop plate is more obvious;
(4) installation of steel plate:The size in measurement processing tower top face first, according to measured value, cutting and its size phase The steel plate of matching, is then placed on the steel plate for cutting on the top surface for the treatment of column, then tightens fixation by swell fixture;
(5) installation of solar energy equipment:The fixation of first step installing plate, measures steel plate with tape measure and angle measurement unit Center and the center of installing plate, further according to the size of installing plate, determine the installation site of installing plate, and pacify The center of dress plate in the same horizontal line, is fixed with screw-driving with the centrage of steel plate, second step solar energy equipment Combination is installed, and connecting pole is arranged on the center of installing plate, then the other end of connecting pole is connected with solar panel Connect, and connecting pole is directed at the center of solar panel, controller for solar is pacified by the installation of the 3rd step controller for solar Dress on a mounting board, directly converts the solar into electric energy using photovoltaic power generation technology, and without the need for fuel, no any pollution is led to Cross treating column solar power system is used in the middle of equipment, be input into without the need for outside resources, realize while power self-support Water oxygenation, it is energy-saving, pollution is eliminated, solar panel is by controller for solar to storage battery power supply;
(6) installation of suction pump and accumulator:First suction pump is arranged on steel plate, and suction pump is located in steel plate On heart line, then the water inlet of suction pump is communicated with river course by drinking-water pipe, further according to the size for the treatment of column water inlet, it is determined that The size of connecting water pipe, the outlet of suction pump is connected with the water inlet for the treatment of column by connecting water pipe, further according to the sun The angles and positions that energy cell panel is rotated, determine the position that accumulator is installed, accumulator are connected with the top surface of steel plate, finally The size of the accumulator protecting shell matched with its size according to the size Selection of accumulator, the accumulator protecting shell selected is pacified The outside of accumulator is mounted in, screw is tightened so as to is fixedly connected with steel plate top surface;
(7) installation of artificial aquatic weed is placed:Width first according to the pollution of river situation and river course for processing, it is determined that manually Quantity required for pasture and water, determines the quantity that fixation is laid bricks further according to the quantity needed for artificial aquatic weed, by the artificial water for assembling Grass by rope through fixation lay bricks on hole be secured to tighten, and the binding of each rope is highly consistent, then basis The fixation for tying up artificial aquatic weed is laid bricks and is placed in river by the spacing size between fixation is laid bricks on drawing, the shape of artificial aquatic weed State is attractive in appearance, and being placed in water does not affect water landscape, like natural waterweeds after the algal fungi that grows nonparasitically upon another plant, the total body surface area of artificial aquatic weed Greatly, the ability of the river self-purification can be improved with the more phycomycete quasi-microorganism of appendix so that water transparency increases, and its material Recoverable, produces, lays and safeguards all very simple, need not additionally add maintenance management expense, a cloth after laying again Put, life-time service, life-span length reaches the more than ten years, very simply, practical.
(8) river sewage is processed:
A () solar energy equipment absorbs solar energy by solar panel when there is sunlight to irradiate, then by solar energy control The solar energy of absorption is converted into electric energy by device processed, is stored in accumulator;
B () presses the shift knob of suction pump, accumulator starts to provide electric energy for suction pump, and draw water pump work, suction pump Water in river course, then the water inlet that the water of extraction is transported to treating column by the outlet of suction pump are extracted by drinking-water pipe In;
C water that () conveys is entered in drop room by the water inlet for the treatment of column, and water falls from drop ceiling portion toward bottom During, by the inhibition of drop in room of dropping plate and cobblestone so that the fluidised form of water occurs change drastically, water with The contact area of air is constantly updated, and increased the dissolved oxygen content in water;
D the water of () after room of dropping is processed, is entered in water-retention room by the outlet of room bottom of dropping, its particle In water-retention room, precipitation forms precipitate, and when the water level of water-retention room reaches the outlet of water-retention room, water is from water-retention room outlet Flow out;
E water that () is flowed out from water-retention room outlet, after the ladder oxygen supplement for the treatment of column right side is processed, is flowed into river course, The artificial aquatic weed placed in river course simultaneously, provides attachment carrier for the algal fungi in river course;
F () periodically processes the precipitate of drop room and water-retention room bottom, make regular check on the ecological matrix of artificial aquatic weed, try to be a good fellow The maintenance work of work pasture and water, prevents ecological matrix from being blocked by fluitante in river course or silt, carries out timely cleaning work.
The specific embodiment of the present invention is these are only, but the technical characteristic of the present invention is not limited thereto.It is any with this Based on bright, it is to realize essentially identical technique effect, done ground simple change, equivalent or modification etc. are all covered Among protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of ladder oxygen supplement city river processing equipment, it is characterised in that:The river course processing equipment includes treating column, the sun Energy device, suction pump and artificial aquatic weed, the treating column are located on riverbank, and steel plate, institute are provided with the top surface of the treating column Its right end face for stating treating column is stepped, and drop room and water-retention room, the right side of the drop room are provided with the treating column Bottom is provided with outlet, and the drop interior is provided with drop plate, and cobblestone is provided with the drop plate, the water-retention room Left side bottom is provided with import, is provided with filter screen, on the rear end face of the treating column in the import and the outlet Water inlet is provided with, the water inlet is communicated with the drop room, and the right side upper end of the water-retention room is provided with outlet, described Water-retention room is connected with the drop room by connecting water pipe, and the solar energy equipment and the suction pump are respectively positioned on the steel plate Top surface on, the solar energy equipment includes solar panel, connecting pole, controller for solar and installing plate, the connection The top of post is connected with the bottom center of the solar panel, and the bottom of the connecting pole is connected with the installing plate Connect, the controller for solar is located on the installing plate, the suction pump is located at the right side of the solar energy equipment, described to take out Be provided with accumulator between water pump and the solar energy equipment, the artificial aquatic weed is located in river course, the artificial aquatic weed with it is solid Surely lay bricks and be connected, the fixation lay bricks on be provided with least two connecting holes, the bottom of the artificial aquatic weed by rope with The connecting hole is connected.
2. a kind of ladder oxygen supplement city river processing equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The accumulator Outside is provided with accumulator protecting shell.
3. a kind of ladder oxygen supplement city river processing equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The drop room with The water-retention room is cuboid.
4. a kind of ladder oxygen supplement city river processing equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The chi of the steel plate The very little top surface size with the treating column matches, and the steel plate is connected with the treating column by swell fixture.
5. using a kind of sewage water treatment method of ladder oxygen supplement city river processing equipment as claimed in claim 1, its feature It is to comprise the steps:
(1) treating column builds the selection of address:Work efficiency first according to the length and treating column for processing river course, it is determined that processing The size built number, the principle and treating column of solar energy are then absorbed according to solar energy equipment of tower, selected surrounding do not have There are trees to block, and vacant lot area meets the address of building where treating column is built as treating column, then selected is taken The debris cleaning built on the ground of address is clean, and it is smooth to build address laying;
(2) treating column is built:First step treating column is built, first size according to treating column on drawing, with prior Ready laying bricks put up the ground and outline for the treatment of column, further according to drop room and the size of water-retention room, it is determined that The drop position of room and water-retention room inside treating column, according to drop room and the size of water-retention room, it is determined that the outlet of drop room, drop The size and location of room water inlet, the import of water-retention room and water-retention room outlet, is put up with the inside laid bricks treating column, and Reserve the position of connecting water pipe between the outlet of drop room and the import of water-retention room, the position of drop room water inlet and the water outlet of water-retention room The position of mouth, building for second step ladder, is determined with the number of ladder on the height of tape measuring treating column, then comprehensive drawing every Ladder is put up, the cast of the 3rd step concrete by the height of section ladder according to the height of ladder, stirs what is mixed with prior Concrete will be the surface casting for the treatment of column, drop room and water-retention room smooth;
(3) installation of drop plate:The determination of first step drop board size, the size of room of being dropped with tape measuring first, root According to measured value and design drawing, it is determined that the size and installation site of drop plate, then will be dropped with preprepared sheet material Plate cutting is spliced, and the upper lid of the drop plate for having spliced, the installation of second step drop plate, according to the installation position of drop plate Put, drop plate is installed from below to up one by one, and the plate or so that drops is staggered installation of, the placement of the 3rd step cobblestone, according to falling The inside dimensions size of water plate, selects cobblestone, and the cobblestone for choosing is clean with clean water, reinstalls drop plate In;
(4) installation of steel plate:The size in measurement processing tower top face, according to the steel that measured value, cutting are matched with its size Plate, the steel plate for cutting is placed on the top surface for the treatment of column, then tightens fixation by swell fixture;
(5) installation of solar energy equipment:The fixation of first step installing plate, measures the center of steel plate with tape measure and angle measurement unit Position and the center of installing plate, further according to the size of installing plate, determine the installation site of installing plate, and installing plate Center and steel plate centrage in the same horizontal line, fixed with screw-driving, the combination of second step solar energy equipment Install, connecting pole is arranged on into the center of installing plate, then the other end of connecting pole is connected with solar panel, and Connecting pole is directed at the center of solar panel, and controller for solar is arranged on by the installation of the 3rd step controller for solar On installing plate;
(6) installation of suction pump and accumulator:First suction pump is arranged on steel plate, and suction pump is located at the centrage of steel plate On, further according to the angles and positions that solar panel is rotated, determine the position that accumulator is installed, by accumulator and the top of steel plate Face is connected;
(7) installation of artificial aquatic weed is placed:Width first according to the pollution of river situation and river course for processing, determines artificial aquatic weed Required quantity, determines the quantity that fixation is laid bricks further according to the quantity needed for artificial aquatic weed, the artificial aquatic weed for assembling is led to Cross rope through fixation lay bricks on hole be secured to tighten, and the binding of each rope is highly consistent, then according to drawing The fixation for tying up artificial aquatic weed is laid bricks and is placed in river by the spacing size between upper fixation is laid bricks;
(8) river sewage is processed:
A () solar energy equipment absorbs solar energy by solar panel when there is sunlight to irradiate, then by controller for solar The solar energy of absorption is converted into into electric energy, is stored in accumulator;
B () presses the shift knob of suction pump, accumulator starts to provide electric energy for suction pump, and draw water pump work, and suction pump passes through Drinking-water pipe extracts the water in river course, then the water of extraction is transported in the water inlet for the treatment of column by the outlet of suction pump;
C water that () conveys is entered in drop room by the water inlet for the treatment of column, the mistake that water falls from drop ceiling portion toward bottom Cheng Zhong, by the inhibition of drop in room of dropping plate and cobblestone, purifies water;
D the water of () after room of dropping is processed, is entered in water-retention room by the outlet of room bottom of dropping, its particle is storing In hydroecium, precipitation forms precipitate, and when the water level of water-retention room reaches the outlet of water-retention room, water is flowed out from water-retention room outlet;
E water that () is flowed out from water-retention room outlet, after the ladder oxygen supplement for the treatment of column right side is processed, is flowed into river course, while The artificial aquatic weed placed in river course, provides attachment carrier for the algal fungi in river course;
F () periodically processes the precipitate of drop room and water-retention room bottom, make regular check on the ecological matrix of artificial aquatic weed, carry out artificial water The maintenance work of grass, is cleared up in time.
6. sewage water treatment method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:In the step (2), gone out according to drop room Mouth and the size of water-retention room import, determine the size and installation site of filter screen, further according to the length of connecting water pipe, it is determined that peace The length of dress pillar, determines the installation site of mounting column according to the size of filter screen, and mounting column is arranged on sieves On the net.
7. sewage water treatment method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:In the step (6), entering suction pump The mouth of a river is communicated with river course by drinking-water pipe, further according to the size for the treatment of column water inlet, determines the size of connecting water pipe, by suction pump Outlet be connected with the water inlet for the treatment of column by connecting water pipe.
8. sewage water treatment method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:In the step (6), according to accumulator The accumulator protecting shell selected is arranged on accumulator by the size of the accumulator protecting shell that size Selection is matched with its size Outside, tightens screw so as to be fixedly connected with steel plate top surface.
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CN107935307B (en) * 2017-11-28 2021-01-01 天津环渤海环保产业研究院 River water purification system for enhancing biological decomposition through cyclic reoxygenation and implementation method

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