CN104671881A - Vegetable soilless culture nutrient solution and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Vegetable soilless culture nutrient solution and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104671881A
CN104671881A CN201310621567.6A CN201310621567A CN104671881A CN 104671881 A CN104671881 A CN 104671881A CN 201310621567 A CN201310621567 A CN 201310621567A CN 104671881 A CN104671881 A CN 104671881A
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CN
China
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mg
nutrient solution
vegetable
culture nutrient
vegetable soilless
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CN201310621567.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姜鸿杰
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青岛中天信达生物技术研发有限公司
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Priority to CN201310621567.6A priority Critical patent/CN104671881A/en
Publication of CN104671881A publication Critical patent/CN104671881A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a vegetable soilless culture nutrient solution and a manufacturing method thereof. The invention is characterized in that every liter of water contains 5-7 mg/L potassium nitrate, 7-9 mg/L ammonium nitrate, 4-6 mg/L potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 2-4 mg/L ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.5-0.7 mg/L disodium edetate, 0.2-0.4 mg/L magnesium sulfate, 0.04-0.07 mg/L iron chelate, 0.06-0.09 mg/L minor element and 2-4 mg/L boric acid. The rotten cottonseed hull contains abundant organic matters, and has certain actions of the slow-release controlled-release fertilizer. The formula is reasonable, and the pH value is approximate to neutrality. The vegetable soilless culture nutrient solution provides nutritive elements required by vegetable growth, and the ion concentration can not easily change. The vegetable soilless culture nutrient solution can effectively fix the plant root system, and has the advantages of simple production operation, low cost, high vegetable yield and good quality.

Description

A kind of vegetable soilless-culture nutrient solution and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The invention belongs to cultivation technique without soil field, be specifically related to a kind of vegetable soilless-culture nutrient solution and preparation method thereof.

Background technology

Vegetables, refer to and can cook, cook and become food, the other plant except grain is one of requisite food in people's diet.Vegetables can provide the necessary multivitamin of human body and mineral substance.Ascorbic 90%, the vitamin A of needed by human 60% from vegetables.In addition, in vegetables also have diversified phytochemicals, be people generally acknowledge to the effective composition of health.Because planting benefit is high, growing vegetables has become the new industry that China rural area develops rapidly.Along with progressively expanding of China's Vegetable produce scale and improving constantly of plantation level, and the specification of quality of human consumer to vegetable products is more and more higher, and vegetables industry is gradually to pollution-free food future development.

Soilless culture refers to the cultivation technique replacing soil cooperation nutritive medium to use with other media.Problem in the conventional soil cultivations such as soilless culture can effectively solve soil secondary salinization, nutrition is difficult to regulate and control, production work is heavy, and the nutritive ingredient needed for plant-growth can be effectively provided, the resources such as Economization on land, water, fertilizer, agricultural chemicals, improve output and the quality of plant greatly.Along with people improve constantly environmental protection consciousness, the utilization of the Nonrenewable resources such as similar quartz sand, vermiculite, peat soil, perlite, plastics is also reducing gradually, finds and develop new resources that are renewable, organic ecological more and more to receive publicity.Soilless culture, due to clean environment, the advantage such as product is pollution-free and grow, product are of fine quality, look delicate flavour is beautiful, plays important promoter action to the development of pollution-free vegetable.Nutritive medium commercially available is at present all diluent, and in use, larger change can occur each interionic balance, and how producing a kind of nutritive medium that vegetables high-quality grows fast that promotes, is the technical problem to be solved in the present invention.

Summary of the invention

In order to solve preservation capacity of water and fertility difference and not easily fix the problems such as root system, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of vegetable soilless-culture nutrient solution, rationally, with low cost, output is high, and product are of fine quality for formula.

The technical scheme that the present invention takes is:

A kind of vegetable soilless-culture nutrient solution, it is characterized in that, in every premium on currency, the content of compound is by mg/L, its composition and proportioning as follows:

Saltpetre 5-7, ammonium nitrate 7-9, potassium primary phosphate 4-6, primary ammonium phosphate 2-4, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate 0.5-0.7, magnesium sulfate 0.2-0.4, chelated iron 0.04-0.07, micro-0.06-0.08, boric acid 2-4.

2, a compound method for vegetable soilless-culture nutrient solution, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:

(1) mother liquor processed: the composition got in raw material according to weight proportion is water-soluble, be made into concentration 120-140 concentrated solution doubly, room temperature storage is for subsequent use;

(2) ferment: after fresh cotton seed hulls and vegetable mould are pulverized respectively, according to volume ratio 2:1 mixing, add 25-30kg cake fertilizer in mixture per ton, stir, plastic covering film fermentation 6 months;

(3) nutraceutical matrix is joined: the liquid and the fermentation materials mixing that mother liquor are diluted with water to 1000-1500 times, fully stir, the pH value regulating matrix is 7-7.5.

The mixture that above-mentioned trace element is made up of according to mol ratio 2:1:1 magnesium sulfate heptahydrate, manganous sulfate, cupric sulfate pentahydrate.

Useful effect of the present invention is:

Containing abundant organic matter in the cotton seed hulls become thoroughly decomposed in the present invention, there is the effect of certain slow release long-acting fertilizer, rationally, pH value, close to neutral, provides the nutritive element needed for vegetable growth to formula, ionic concn not easily changes, and effectively can fix root system of plant, production operation is easy, with low cost, the soilless culture output of vegetables is high, and product are of fine quality.

Embodiment

Embodiment 1

A kind of vegetable soilless-culture nutrient solution, it is characterized in that, in every premium on currency, the content of compound is by mg/L, its composition and proportioning as follows:

Saltpetre 5, ammonium nitrate 7, potassium primary phosphate 4, primary ammonium phosphate 2, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate 0.5, magnesium sulfate 0.2, chelated iron 0.04, the trace element 0.06, the boric acid 2 that are made up of according to mol ratio 2:1:1 magnesium sulfate heptahydrate, manganous sulfate, cupric sulfate pentahydrate.

A compound method for vegetable soilless-culture nutrient solution, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:

(1) mother liquor processed: the composition got in raw material according to weight proportion is water-soluble, be made into the concentrated solution of concentration 120 times, room temperature storage is for subsequent use;

(2) ferment: after fresh cotton seed hulls and vegetable mould are pulverized respectively, according to volume ratio 2:1 mixing, add 25kg cake fertilizer in mixture per ton, stir, plastic covering film fermentation 6 months;

(3) nutraceutical matrix is joined: the liquid and the fermentation materials mixing that mother liquor are diluted with water to 1000 times, fully stir, the pH value regulating matrix is 7.

Embodiment 2

A kind of vegetable soilless-culture nutrient solution, it is characterized in that, in every premium on currency, the content of compound is by mg/L, its composition and proportioning as follows:

Saltpetre 6, ammonium nitrate 8, potassium primary phosphate 5, primary ammonium phosphate 3, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate 0.6, magnesium sulfate 0.3, chelated iron 0.06, the trace element 0.07, the boric acid 3 that are made up of according to mol ratio 2:1:1 magnesium sulfate heptahydrate, manganous sulfate, cupric sulfate pentahydrate.

A compound method for vegetable soilless-culture nutrient solution, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:

(1) mother liquor processed: the composition got in raw material according to weight proportion is water-soluble, be made into the concentrated solution of concentration 130 times, room temperature storage is for subsequent use;

(2) ferment: after fresh cotton seed hulls and vegetable mould are pulverized respectively, according to volume ratio 2:1 mixing, add 28kg cake fertilizer in mixture per ton, stir, plastic covering film fermentation 6 months;

(3) nutraceutical matrix is joined: the liquid and the fermentation materials mixing that mother liquor are diluted with water to 1300 times, fully stir, the pH value regulating matrix is 7.

Embodiment 3

A kind of vegetable soilless-culture nutrient solution, it is characterized in that, in every premium on currency, the content of compound is by mg/L, its composition and proportioning as follows:

Saltpetre 7, ammonium nitrate 9, potassium primary phosphate 6, primary ammonium phosphate 4, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate 0.7, magnesium sulfate 0.4, chelated iron 0.07, the trace element 0.08, the boric acid 4 that are made up of according to mol ratio 2:1:1 magnesium sulfate heptahydrate, manganous sulfate, cupric sulfate pentahydrate.

A compound method for vegetable soilless-culture nutrient solution, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:

(1) mother liquor processed: the composition got in raw material according to weight proportion is water-soluble, be made into the concentrated solution of concentration 140 times, room temperature storage is for subsequent use;

(2) ferment: after fresh cotton seed hulls and vegetable mould are pulverized respectively, according to volume ratio 2:1 mixing, add 30kg cake fertilizer in mixture per ton, stir, plastic covering film fermentation 6 months;

(3) nutraceutical matrix is joined: the liquid and the fermentation materials mixing that mother liquor are diluted with water to-1500 times, fully stir, the pH value regulating matrix is 7.

Claims (3)

1. a vegetable soilless-culture nutrient solution, is characterized in that, in every premium on currency, the content of compound is by mg/L, its composition and proportioning as follows:
Saltpetre 5-7, ammonium nitrate 7-9, potassium primary phosphate 4-6, primary ammonium phosphate 2-4, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate 0.5-0.7, magnesium sulfate 0.2-0.4, chelated iron 0.04-0.07, micro-0.06-0.08, boric acid 2-4.
2. a compound method for vegetable soilless-culture nutrient solution, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
(1) mother liquor processed: the composition got in raw material according to weight proportion is water-soluble, be made into concentration 120-140 concentrated solution doubly, room temperature storage is for subsequent use;
(2) ferment: after fresh cotton seed hulls and vegetable mould are pulverized respectively, according to volume ratio 2:1 mixing, add 25-30kg cake fertilizer in mixture per ton, stir, plastic covering film fermentation 6 months;
(3) nutraceutical matrix is joined: the liquid and the fermentation materials mixing that mother liquor are diluted with water to 1000-1500 times, fully stir, the pH value regulating matrix is 7-7.5.
3. micro-a kind of vegetable soilless-culture nutrient solution according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the mixture that described trace element is made up of according to mol ratio 2:1:1 magnesium sulfate heptahydrate, manganous sulfate, cupric sulfate pentahydrate.
CN201310621567.6A 2013-11-30 2013-11-30 Vegetable soilless culture nutrient solution and manufacturing method thereof CN104671881A (en)

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104987175A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-10-21 柳州市绿州种植专业合作社 Preparation method of tomato seedling nutrient solution
CN104987174A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-10-21 柳州市绿州种植专业合作社 Tomato seedling nutrient solution
CN105130544A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-09 林平 Kelaonie nitrogen deficiency plant nutrient solution kit
CN105130541A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-09 林平 Preparation method for Kelaonie calcium deficiency plant nutrient solution
CN105130542A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-09 林平 Pre-mixed ingredient for Kelaonie complete plant nutrient solution
CN105130545A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-09 林平 Method for preparing Crowe Nie potassium-deficient plant nutrient solution
CN105175059A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 林平 Kenaonie potassium-deficient plant nutrient solution premixed ingredient
CN105175056A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-23 林平 International paddy rice institute paddy rice macro-element nutrient liquid kit
CN105175054A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-23 林平 Method using Knop plant nutrient liquid kit to prepare plant nutrient liquid
CN105175057A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-23 林平 Method using Kimura paddy rice nutrient liquid kit to prepare plant nutrient liquid
CN105175064A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 林平 Method for preparing plant nutrient solution by using Kelaonie nitrogen-deficiency plant nutrient solution kit
CN105175063A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 林平 Kelaonie phosphorus-deficiency plant nutrient solution kit
CN105175068A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 林平 Method for preparing plant nutrient solution by using Kelaonie complete plant nutrient solution kit
CN105175062A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 林平 Kelaonie complete plant nutrient solution kit
CN105175060A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 林平 Premixed ingredient of Kelaonie phosphorus-deficiency plant nutrient solution
CN105175055A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-23 林平 "A Nong" trace element mixed liquid premixed ingredient
CN105175081A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-23 林平 Preparation method of international paddy rice institute paddy rice macro-element nutrient liquid
CN105198522A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-30 林平 Method for preparing plant nutrient solution by using rice nutrient solution kit of International Rice Research Institute
CN105198541A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-30 林平 Premixed ingredient of Prjanishinkov plant nutrient solution
CN105237233A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-01-13 张彦优 Slow-release liquid compound fertilizer
CN105237064A (en) * 2015-08-28 2016-01-13 林平 Method of preparing plant nutrient solution with Krone potassium-lack plant nutrient solution kit
CN105272464A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-01-27 安徽科技学院 Hoagland nitrogen-deficiency plant nutrition liquid reagent kit
CN106007837A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-10-12 山东农业大学 Soilless culture nutrient solution for improving quality of eggplants
CN106336267A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-18 崔国娣 Fertilizer for soilless culture technology

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104987175A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-10-21 柳州市绿州种植专业合作社 Preparation method of tomato seedling nutrient solution
CN104987174A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-10-21 柳州市绿州种植专业合作社 Tomato seedling nutrient solution
CN105198541A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-30 林平 Premixed ingredient of Prjanishinkov plant nutrient solution
CN105198522A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-30 林平 Method for preparing plant nutrient solution by using rice nutrient solution kit of International Rice Research Institute
CN105175081A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-23 林平 Preparation method of international paddy rice institute paddy rice macro-element nutrient liquid
CN105175055A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-23 林平 "A Nong" trace element mixed liquid premixed ingredient
CN105175057A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-23 林平 Method using Kimura paddy rice nutrient liquid kit to prepare plant nutrient liquid
CN105175056A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-23 林平 International paddy rice institute paddy rice macro-element nutrient liquid kit
CN105175054A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-23 林平 Method using Knop plant nutrient liquid kit to prepare plant nutrient liquid
CN105175068A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 林平 Method for preparing plant nutrient solution by using Kelaonie complete plant nutrient solution kit
CN105175064A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 林平 Method for preparing plant nutrient solution by using Kelaonie nitrogen-deficiency plant nutrient solution kit
CN105175063A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 林平 Kelaonie phosphorus-deficiency plant nutrient solution kit
CN105175059A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 林平 Kenaonie potassium-deficient plant nutrient solution premixed ingredient
CN105175062A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 林平 Kelaonie complete plant nutrient solution kit
CN105175060A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 林平 Premixed ingredient of Kelaonie phosphorus-deficiency plant nutrient solution
CN105130545A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-09 林平 Method for preparing Crowe Nie potassium-deficient plant nutrient solution
CN105130542A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-09 林平 Pre-mixed ingredient for Kelaonie complete plant nutrient solution
CN105130541A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-09 林平 Preparation method for Kelaonie calcium deficiency plant nutrient solution
CN105130544A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-09 林平 Kelaonie nitrogen deficiency plant nutrient solution kit
CN105237064A (en) * 2015-08-28 2016-01-13 林平 Method of preparing plant nutrient solution with Krone potassium-lack plant nutrient solution kit
CN105272464A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-01-27 安徽科技学院 Hoagland nitrogen-deficiency plant nutrition liquid reagent kit
CN105237233A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-01-13 张彦优 Slow-release liquid compound fertilizer
CN106007837A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-10-12 山东农业大学 Soilless culture nutrient solution for improving quality of eggplants
CN106336267A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-18 崔国娣 Fertilizer for soilless culture technology

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Application publication date: 20150603