CN104661949A - Container transport system - Google Patents

Container transport system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104661949A
CN104661949A CN201380046449.5A CN201380046449A CN104661949A CN 104661949 A CN104661949 A CN 104661949A CN 201380046449 A CN201380046449 A CN 201380046449A CN 104661949 A CN104661949 A CN 104661949A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
described
linkage
assembly
upper rack
sling upper
Prior art date
Application number
CN201380046449.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
R.·A.·米尔斯
黄义华
Original Assignee
新众机械工程私人有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to SG201206629-6 priority Critical
Priority to SG201206629 priority
Application filed by 新众机械工程私人有限公司 filed Critical 新众机械工程私人有限公司
Priority to PCT/SG2013/000385 priority patent/WO2014039009A1/en
Publication of CN104661949A publication Critical patent/CN104661949A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • B66C1/101Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means for containers
    • B66C1/104Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means for containers for two or more containers side by side
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C13/00Other constructional features or details
    • B66C13/04Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack
    • B66C13/08Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack for depositing loads in desired attitudes or positions

Abstract

A twin spreader assembly for engaging at least two containers, the assembly comprising: a pair of head blocks, each for engaging at least one spreader, said head blocks connected by an intermediate linkage, said linkage having at least one actuator and arranged to selectively space the head blocks along a horizontal axis, and; a locking device mounted to the linkage; wherein said locking device is arranged to selectively prevent movement of the linkage corresponding to spacing of the head blocks along a vertical axis.

Description

Container transport system

Technical field

The present invention relates to the operation of multimetering transport device as freight container etc.Especially, the present invention relates to for engaging two or more freight container and they moved to the suspender (spreader) of desired location simultaneously.

Background technology

In order to improve the processing speed of shipping container and other multimetering transport devices, the appearance for the many suspenders engaging two or more freight container simultaneously is just becoming more general.

Although one of difficulty of facing of mobile two freight containers is generally standard on Container Dimensions simultaneously, these freight containers are still different to a certain extent.When two freight containers move and depart from, the platform that freight container is placed may be on different height or be on different positions, such as, at the top of two different freight containers.Therefore, be necessary to enable the difference that suspender adapts on the height of freight container and position, thus effectively manage at least one freight container at every turn.

Another kind of such movement is the ability by same magnitude " rotation (skew) " two freight containers.The reason rotated is needed to be place because freight container may not be parallel to suspender.In this case, before suspender can drop on freight container, suspender has to rotate to an angle until they are parallel to freight container.In another case, when the suspender being mounted with freight container attempt freight container to drop to misplace a little angle park and be not parallel on the container trailer of suspender time, suspender also had to rotate suitable angle before freight container can drop on trailer.Usually, two-electron atom will comprise two sling upper racks (head block), and these two sling upper racks are connected by linkage, and linkage is configured to the horizontal throw between change two freight containers.But be necessary to have alerting ability in vertical direction in container transport system, like this, when placement two freight containers, if the platform of a freight container contact is higher than another, linkage is attempted can not permanent deformation when adapting to diff-H.

Therefore, the object of the invention is to comprise a kind of equipment to allow overall " rotation " of two freight containers engaged by two-electron atom.Also allow the diff-H between these two suspenders simultaneously.

Summary of the invention

In first aspect, the invention provides a kind of two-electron atom assembly being adapted to couple to few two freight containers.This assembly comprises: a pair sling upper rack, each sling upper rack is adapted to couple to a few suspender, and described sling upper rack is connected by intermediate linkage, and described linkage has at least one actuator, and structure is optionally to separate sling upper rack along horizontal shaft, and; Blocking device, this blocking device is installed to described linkage; Wherein, described blocking device is configured to the movement optionally stoping the described linkage corresponding to described sling upper rack spacing along vertical axis.

In second aspect, the invention provides a kind of method rotating two-electron atom assembly, described two-electron atom assembly comprises the sling upper rack connected by intermediate linkage for a pair, and the method comprising the steps of: the corner right to described sling upper rack monoclinic phase applies external force; Lock described linkage; Thus stop the linkage of the spacing corresponding to described sling upper rack to move along vertical axis; Redistribute applied force, asymmetricly arrange to make described two-electron atom; And, correspond to rotate and arrange, about two-electron atom described in vertical axes.

In the third aspect, the invention provides a kind of trolley component for hoisting system, this trolley component comprises: dolly; A pair assembly pulley, described assembly pulley is used for hawser guidance and is engaged in two-electron atom assembly, and described assembly pulley is spaced relationship in described dolly; Wherein, described assembly pulley can Linear-moving in described dolly along the axle be parallel to each other, and described assembly pulley is constructed to when the respective axle along them move in an opposite direction described assembly pulley pair, and described two-electron atom assembly is to rotate layout about vertical axes.

Correspondingly, the present invention relates to the blocking device of locking linkage, like this, when eccentric force is applied, this locking prevents diff-H and allow for whole two-electron atom " rotation ".

Accompanying drawing explanation

Reference shows the accompanying drawing that the present invention may construct, and the present invention can be further described easily.Other structures of the present invention are also possible, and therefore the particularity of accompanying drawing should not be understood to the generality replacing aforementioned description of the present invention.

Figure 1A to 1C is the normal axomometric drawing of the rotation movement defining two-electron atom;

Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the hoisting system for bank crane;

Fig. 3 A to 3C is the front view of effect eccentric load being applied to prior art two-electron atom;

Fig. 4 A to 4C is the front view of two-electron atom assembly according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 5 A and 5C is the front view of the effect when adopting the blocking device according to Fig. 5 B on two-electron atom;

Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the hydraulic circuit of blocking device in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 7 A to 7D is the schematic diagram of the hydraulic circuit of Fig. 6;

Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of hoisting system in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.

Detailed description of the invention

Figure 1A, 1B and 1C show the various rotations of the two-electron atom assembly 5 being engaged in a pair freight container 10.Rotation about the freight container longitudinal axis is defined as heel (list) 15, and the rotation about freight container transverse axis is defined as trim (trim) 20, and the rotation about vertical axis is confirmed as rotation 25.

Fig. 2 shows the schematic configuration 30 of the bank crane for mobile single suspender.Herein, a pair reel 35 controls hawser 55,60,65,70, and these hawsers extend to the actuator 45 of hawser opposite end from reel 35.

Hawser is through dolly 40 and through the pulley of the spreader assembly 42 be positioned in the middle of reel 35 and trim actuator (trim actuator) 45.

When reel 35 tends to evenly operate hawser, trim actuator 45 single movement thus can stretch separately or the hawser that bounces back on every root hawser.This stretching, extension or retraction hawser achieve heel, trim or rotary hanger 42 just.

Such as, the hawser 55,60 that stretching, extension or retraction are engaged in laterally pulley relatively will realize trim, and the hawser 55,70 that stretching, extension is engaged in longitudinal pulley relatively will realize heel.In order to realize rotating, need to stretch or bounce back to be engaged in the hawser 55,65 of monoclinic phase to pulley.As mentioned above, these actions are applicable to single suspender.When not being single suspender but using during two-electron atom just to create trouble, this two-electron atom has the linkage (not shown) of the sling upper rack (head block) connecting suspender.The linkage of two-electron atom is used for separating sling upper rack in the horizontal plane, provides resistance in the horizontal plane instead of on the vertical plane thus.When trim action is by when producing the result identical with single suspender, it can not realize rotating or heel.By stretching the right hawser 55,65 of monoclinic phase, substitute rotary hanger, this will realize relative trim (being also two container customs relatively rotating in transverse axis) instead of required rotation.Therefore, the structure of hoisting crane can not realize the rotation of two-electron atom in this direction.By stretching hawser 55,70, this is elevated causing in freight container one and is realized diff-H to substitute heel suspender, instead of required heel.

Fig. 3 A to 3C shows the effect attempting rotating two-electron atom.In " neutrality " position of Fig. 3 A, two sling upper racks 75,76 are symmetrical about line of centers 80, and this line of centers 80 is a kind of imaginary lines downward by the central vertical of two dolly pulley rooms.

Fig. 3 C shows the effect being applied eccentric force by retraction angle hawser (corner cable) 100.In order to the weight of allocation set vanning, by the alerting ability of linkage 115, a sling upper rack 76 lifts 115 relative to another sling upper rack, and wherein linkage 115 can not resist out-of-balance force.

But if linkage can resist the upward component of the power redistributed, then result will as shown in Figure 3 B.Here, again, a hawser is contracted, and causes eccentric force to be applied on a sling upper rack 76.When the normal component of the power redistributed resisted by linkage, two-electron atom assembly moves thus no longer places about line of centers symmetry.This result is that two-electron atom rotates.Therefore, problem remains and how to lock linkage and linkage still can perform its radical function.

The embodiment of solution is as shown in Fig. 4 A to 4C.In the present embodiment, in question linkage 143 is some member parallel quadrangular configuration, and these components comprise upper beam 145 and underbeam 150 and upright body 157,158, and all these member spans are between pulley 135,140.

It should be understood that and can adopt the several multi-form of linkage that such as there is the scissor structure of centrally-pivoted axle, connect these beams of sling upper rack about this central pivotal.

The Core Solution of present problems is blocking device 143, comprises the framework 160 being installed to upper beam 145 and locking rammer (the locking ram) 155 installing upright body.As shown in figs. 4 a and 4 c, in order to make linkage rotate about pulley 135,140, due to the angle change between upper beam 145 and upright body 157, ramming and need retraction or stretch.

If ram 155 to be stopped moving, then linkage is prevented from rotating, and therefore sling upper rack is stopped moving on Relative vertical direction.As shown in Figure 3 B, this will have the power thus the effect that two-electron atom is rotated of redistributing hawser retraction.

Fig. 5 A to 5C shows two kinds of operational circumstances of blocking device, and wherein, Fig. 5 A has the oil cylinder 155 of the locking shown in Fig. 5 B, and Fig. 5 C shows oil cylinder 155 in unlocked position and allows the effect of sling upper rack relative to each other vertically movement.

Fig. 6 and 7A to 7D shows according to one embodiment of present invention for the hydraulic circuit 185 of blocking device.Here, loop 185 comprises pump line road 184, and the hydraulic oil of pump line road 184 supplied with pressurized is with operational lock oil cylinder 210 and fuel tank pipeline 182, and oil cylinder 210 and fuel tank pipeline 182 make hydraulic oil turn back to hydraulic fluid tank.In this loop, before it arrives oil cylinder, the pressure on pump line road is reduced to lower preset pressure, as 5-10 bar (bar).In the ordinary course of things, when sling upper rack keeps static, do not have External Force Acting on oil cylinder, the two ends of oil cylinder are full of compressed oil by under described lower preset pressure.In this case, due to the difference on the region between rod end and oil cylinder end, only make a concerted effort (net resultant force) by what give to extend for oil cylinder.But due to the preset pressure that this is lower, this will be not enough to any movement affecting linkage and the sling upper rack reconstructed only with joint efforts.One group of check (non-return) valve 195 is for guiding and allowing hydraulic oil to flow to meet the demand of whole hydraulic circuit on single predetermined direction, as the typical apply of hydraulic circuit.

To unlock to oil cylinder/rammer thus " release " rams relevant the first path (Fig. 7 C and 7D) via low-pressure safety valve 240, the level (the first predetermined threshold value) under this low-pressure safety valve 240 is set to allow oil cylinder to leave standstill to remain on little external load application.Such as, suspender motion in the normal operation period may produce vibration or the movement of freight container load, and this freight container load may produce Smaller load to the oil cylinder of blocking device.Be set to be enough to prevent oil cylinder from moving under this load relative to the pressure safety valve (PSV) of low predetermined threshold value.Only as an example, pressure safety valve (PSV) can be set to the first predetermined threshold value of 30 bar, even if this 30 bar is also enough to resist this load under rammer is in " release " situation.

In this case, suspender is in the ideal situation of the diff-H of the freight container that adjustment engages.When reduction by two freight containers, a freight container should contact platform (such as another freight container is static), a freight container is compared with another freight container, difference on applying load will force in linkage, and this linkage will transfer on locked cylinder, apply load 224 and increase its pressure.When pressure fully promotes and becomes the preset pressure higher than preset security valve 240, it is by breakthrough pressure safety valve thus therefore permission oil cylinder movement also makes linkage move.

When selecting change-over valve 235, higher pressure safety valve (PSV) can be passed by routing path (Fig. 7 A and 7B).This can routing path for making the overall rotation according to two-electron atom of the present invention.When applying external load 222 on locked cylinder, as the result that the hawser being engaged in pulley is retracted, being not enough to overcome the load of application compared with the level (the first predetermined threshold value) of lower security valve 240 thus oil cylinder is slided.Therefore, when requiring totally to rotate, change-over valve 235 is switched to another path by elevated pressures safety valve 245, and this elevated pressures safety valve 245 is arranged on elevated pressures (the second predetermined threshold value) to be enough to resist the pressure relevant to the rotary load 222 from hawser.But elevated pressures safety valve 245 is set to allow oil cylinder to slide when quite higher load 223 is applied, the diff-H that this load 223 is such as described before.This second predetermined threshold value pressure can be 200 bar, but can be determined by the normal design procedure for special applications.

By comprising elevated pressures safety valve 245, the overall benefit rotated can be realized, and not damage the risk of linkage, if but oil cylinder lock completely, the damage of linkage may occur.If not elevated pressures safety valve, but apply and stop completely, if a freight container is reduced on the platform higher than other freight containers accidentally, cause the situation of diff-H, oil cylinder locking will cause the permanent deformation of linkage completely.

Fig. 8 shows construction alternative of the present invention.Especially, Fig. 8 illustrates the hoisting system of the winding drum 35 with operation hawser 55,60,65,70, and hawser 55,60,65,70 ends at trim actuator 45.What Fig. 8 and Fig. 2 was different is configured to whether employ special cart 255.Dolly 255 comprises sliding wheel 280,270, and these pulleys optionally move 285,275 relative to dolly 255 like this.By the motion of pulley 280,270 in relative direction 285,275, this applies moment about vertical axis on two-electron atom 260,265.Owing to not relating to eccentric force, the alerting ability of linkage is incoherent, and two-electron atom is about vertical axis " rotation " thus.In this configuration, can apply to rotate on the two-electron atom not installing blocking device, therefore this structure is the rotation applying method more general than blocking device.

Claims (9)

1. be adapted to couple to a two-electron atom assembly for few two freight containers, described assembly comprises:
A pair sling upper rack, each sling upper rack is adapted to couple to a few suspender, and described sling upper rack is connected by intermediate linkage, and described linkage has at least one actuator, and is configured to optionally be separated by described sling upper rack along horizontal shaft, and;
Blocking device, described blocking device is installed to described linkage;
Wherein, described blocking device is configured to optionally stop the described linkage of the spacing corresponding to described sling upper rack to move along vertical axis.
2. assembly according to claim 1, wherein, described linkage is parallelogram linkage device, and described parallelogram linkage device comprises: upper beam and underbeam, has upright body at the two ends of described upper beam and underbeam;
Described blocking device is arranged between in above-mentioned upper beam and underbeam and described upright body, thus optionally stops relatively rotating of described beam and described upright body.
3. assembly according to claim 1 and 2, wherein, described blocking device comprises rammer, thus avoids stretching or bounce back to realize the movement corresponding to prevention by the described rammer of locking.
4. the assembly according to any one of claim 1-3, wherein, described two-electron atom assembly engages with hawser in the corner of described sling upper rack, thus when described blocking device locking, the stretching, extension of the hawser that monoclinic phase is right or retraction cause the rotation of described two-electron atom assembly.
5. the assembly according to any one of claim 1-4, wherein, described linkage is constructed to when discharging described blocking device, and when applying external load, described linkage is moveable, to allow described sling upper rack along described vertical axis relative movement.
6. assembly according to claim 5, wherein, described rammer is hydraulic rammer, then discharge described hydraulic rammer and comprise: engage with the low-pressure safety valve with the first preset pressure threshold value.
7. assembly according to claim 6, wherein, described rammer is hydraulic rammer, then lock described hydraulic rammer and comprise: engage with the high pressure relief valve with the second preset pressure threshold value.
8. rotate a method for two-electron atom assembly, described pair of spreader assembly comprises the sling upper rack connected by intermediate linkage for a pair, and described method comprises step:
Diagonally opposing corner to described sling upper rack applies external force;
Lock described linkage; Then,
The described linkage of the spacing corresponding to described sling upper rack is stoped to move along vertical axis;
Redistribute applied force, to make described two-electron atom asymmetricly arrange suspender, then
Corresponding to rotary configured, about two-electron atom described in described vertical axes.
9., for a trolley component for hoisting system, described trolley component comprises:
Dolly;
A pair assembly pulley, is engaged in two-electron atom assembly for hawser guidance, and described assembly pulley is spaced relationship in described dolly;
Wherein, described assembly pulley can Linear-moving along the axle be parallel to each other in described dolly, described assembly pulley is constructed to when the respective axle right along described assembly pulley moves described assembly pulley pair in the opposite direction, and described two-electron atom assembly is arranged about vertical axes to rotate.
CN201380046449.5A 2012-09-05 2013-09-03 Container transport system CN104661949A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SG201206629-6 2012-09-05
SG201206629 2012-09-05
PCT/SG2013/000385 WO2014039009A1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-09-03 Container transport system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104661949A true CN104661949A (en) 2015-05-27

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201380046449.5A CN104661949A (en) 2012-09-05 2013-09-03 Container transport system

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CN (1) CN104661949A (en)
WO (1) WO2014039009A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105438967A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-03-30 无锡华东重型机械股份有限公司 Multi-purpose quick replacing lifting hook lifting tool for container portal crane

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1243494A (en) * 1997-12-03 2000-02-02 三菱重工业株式会社 Crane
EP1894881A2 (en) * 2006-08-29 2008-03-05 Asea Brown Boveri Ab Load control device for a crane
US20090115212A1 (en) * 2005-02-02 2009-05-07 Nsl Engineering Pte Ltd. Head Frame for Engaging Spreaders
US20110123257A1 (en) * 2006-05-22 2011-05-26 Nsl Engineering Pte Ltd Spreader spacing device

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4142778C2 (en) * 1991-12-23 1997-11-20 Man Takraf Foerdertechnik Gmbh A device for positioning at spreader container cranes
EP1857401A1 (en) * 2006-05-19 2007-11-21 Bromma Conquip Ab Spreader assembly and positioning means
ITMO20080195A1 (en) * 2008-07-16 2010-01-17 Luciano Fantuzzi Equipment for the quick attachment of loads, particularly containers

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1243494A (en) * 1997-12-03 2000-02-02 三菱重工业株式会社 Crane
US20090115212A1 (en) * 2005-02-02 2009-05-07 Nsl Engineering Pte Ltd. Head Frame for Engaging Spreaders
US20110123257A1 (en) * 2006-05-22 2011-05-26 Nsl Engineering Pte Ltd Spreader spacing device
EP1894881A2 (en) * 2006-08-29 2008-03-05 Asea Brown Boveri Ab Load control device for a crane

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