CN104654364A - Biomass gasification stove - Google Patents

Biomass gasification stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104654364A
CN104654364A CN201510072597.5A CN201510072597A CN104654364A CN 104654364 A CN104654364 A CN 104654364A CN 201510072597 A CN201510072597 A CN 201510072597A CN 104654364 A CN104654364 A CN 104654364A
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chamber
valve
air
furnace core
ash
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CN201510072597.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104654364B (en
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周勇
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周勇
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency

Abstract

The invention discloses a biomass gasification stove. The biomass gasification stove is mainly characterized in that a smoke discharge chamber and a stock bin opening booster chamber are respectively formed in the upper part of a fuel bin, wherein a stock bin cover is arranged in the middle of the stock bin opening booster chamber; a flue gas channel is formed between a water tank and a furnace core; the gasification furnace core is communicated with the fuel bin and an ash collecting chamber, respectively; a funnel-shaped furnace grate with a ash shaking device and a movable fence gate is arranged between the gasification furnace core and the ash collecting chamber; a thermal insulation layer is arranged between the inner and outer walls of the gasification furnace core; the inner wall of a gasification reaction chamber in the gasification furnace core is an extension tube capable of freely stretching out and drawing back; an air spray nozzle is arranged on the side wall at the upper side of the gasification reaction chamber; an ignition device is arranged in the thermal insulation layer. The biomass gasification stove has the advantages that the structure is compact; the gasification reaction temperature is as high as 1200 DEG C; the heat-up starting time is short; the ignition is convenient and the gas production is efficient; hot water can be produced by heating the water tank, and tar which is mixed in a biomass fuel gas can be further removed to realize energy conservation and environment protection and prolong service lives of relevant appliances; the accumulated ashes or coked blocks are conveniently and quickly removed.

Description

A kind of gasifying range for biological substance

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of kitchen range, particularly a kind of gasification, and combustion cooking stove that is fuel with the biomass material such as fuel wood and stalk.

Background technology

China is large agricultural country, there are the biomass energies such as sufficient fuel wood and stalk, in the exploitation of biomass energy, conventional mode is direct combustion or gasifying electricity generation, but, need when direct combustion uses often to add fuel wood to cooking stove, use inconvenience, gasifying electricity generation is limited to cost, and economic benefit is not good, and cannot large-scale promotion application.

Tradition cooking stove to fuel wood and straw utilization with a long history, traditional cooking stove is because using inconvenience, and utilization rate of heat value is low, generally only has 15% to 20%, large to air pollution.Also abandon gradually in vast rural area, cause the exploitation amount of biomass energy fewer and feweri, effectively can not utilize reproducible fuel wood a large amount of in rural area and stalk.

For this reason, the small-sized biomass gasifier stove that the living beings such as fuel wood and stalk are carried out being gasificated into combustible gas arises at the historic moment, people have invented the uniflow gas stove stove combustion gas of generation upwards inhaled, but, there are some defects in the cooking range capable of gasifying of updraft type: (1) tar content is high, cause the cooking range capable of gasifying life-span short, increase filter exactly, there will be again the problem of Maintenance Difficulty; (2) aerogenesis is unstable, and the gasification of living beings is difficult to control, and greatly have impact on the popularization of cooking range capable of gasifying; (3) aerogenesis calorific value is on the low side, and gasification of biomass not fully causes aerogenesis calorific value not reach routine use requirement.

For this reason, applicants have invented the applying date be 2011.11.11, the patent No. is CN201120444716.2, name is called the gasification, and combustion cooking stove of " a kind of Household biomass fuel-efficient stove ".It comprises Bunker, below Bunker, be provided with the gasification furnace core be communicated with Bunker, the ash-falling chamber be communicated with under gasification furnace core and with gasification furnace core, and the vigorous fire kitchen range be communicated with by conduit is provided with in ash-falling chamber side, wherein Bunker comprise the warehouse of upper and lower opening, feed bin lid on warehouse upper opening, at the air inlet pipe of warehouse surrounding and smoke exhaust pipe, it is characterized in that described gasification furnace core comprise be communicated with Bunker lower opening aditus laryngis, be provided with at the minimum position place of aditus laryngis around build-up of air nozzle, and the gasification reactor chamber in the middle part of gasification furnace core; Described is that inclination 45 degree is arranged on aditus laryngis around build-up of air nozzle, described is also provided with to the blower fan around the air inlet of build-up of air nozzle around on build-up of air nozzle side, the water tank of the waste heat utilizing gasification furnace core gasification reaction is arranged with outside gasification furnace core, and between water tank and gasification furnace core, being provided with spiral heat exchanger fin, described ash-falling chamber comprises ash-pan; Described warehouse lower opening is provided with and controls fuel and fall and fan-shapedly piece together the fuel door making fuel and gasification reactor chamber intercept the temperature reducing Bunker by two.But in the follow-up development of applicant, still find to there is many defects: single blower fan makes cooking stove general power be difficult to reach the requirement of life routine use; There are some defects in the structural design of gasification furnace core, cause gasification furnace core poor thermal insulation property, anti-poor performance of expanding with heat and contract with cold, gasification not exclusively, gasification furnace core internal temperature is not high enough, fully can not there is cracking reaction in tar, tar fails the defects such as all removings, causes the biomass fuel such as fuel wood and stalk aerogenesis to stablize undesirable; Often foreign matter is had in use procedure, as stone, iron nail, also have the coking block of ashes, the aperture of fire grate does not pass through at all, and the time one is long, and gasification furnace is unstable with regard to aerogenesis, loses efficacy even completely; Actual use is inconvenient, hinders it and applies.

Summary of the invention

There is above-mentioned defect for solving existing gasifying range for biological substance, the invention provides a kind of rational in infrastructure excellent, safety, tar content are little, operation and maintenance is convenient, biomass fuel gasifying rate efficient biomass gasification stove stove.

For achieving the above object, the scheme that the present invention takes is: a kind of gasifying range for biological substance, comprises body of heater and is located at Bunker on body of heater, middle part contiguous block, gasification furnace core, ash-falling chamber from top to bottom; Water tank is arranged with outside combustion chamber; It is characterized in that: middle part contiguous block is provided with the exhaust smoke valve being communicated with gasification furnace core; Bunker side is provided with discharge flue and blast transmission channel; Bunker top is two lattice hollow structures, and two lattice hollow structure is respectively smoke evacuation room and material outlet pumping chamber, and material outlet pumping chamber is connected with blast transmission channel, and discharge flue is connected with room of discharging fume with exhaust smoke valve respectively; Feed bin lid is provided with in the middle of material outlet pumping chamber; Feed bin lid entirety is arranged in material outlet pumping chamber; Smoke evacuation room is provided with the safety relief valve be connected with Bunker; Smoke evacuation room is provided with chimney; The grooved bell mouth extending into middle part contiguous block is provided with below Bunker, Bunker is connected with middle part contiguous block, the contiguous block position corresponding with grooved bell mouth, middle part has prismatic table shape funnel hole, correspondingly with the splicing funnel being located at gasification furnace core top under prismatic table shape funnel hole is communicated with; Be provided with the exhaust gases passes around gasification furnace core between water tank and combustion chamber, gasification furnace core is communicated with ash-falling chamber with Bunker respectively, is provided with the infundibulate fire grate that the combustion gas after for fuel ashes gentleization is passed through between gasification furnace core and ash-falling chamber; Heat-insulation layer is provided with between the inside and outside wall of gasification furnace core, gasification furnace core middle part is gasification reactor chamber, the inwall of gasification reactor chamber is that inside and outside two-layer casing pipe sleeve is connected together the telescoping tube of the retractable formed, above gasification reactor chamber, sidewall is provided with and is tilted to the lower air nozzle towards gasification reactor chamber blowing, and being provided with in heat-insulation layer can to the igniter of gasification furnace core blowing hot-air; Fire grate is located at gasification reactor chamber bottom, is provided with to allow up and down to tremble apparatus for ash below fire grate; The bottom of fire grate is provided with can the mobile gate of folding.

Further illustrating as such scheme, start-up time of heating up is short, and igniting is convenient, and aerogenesis is efficient.After the infundibulate fire grate that combustion gas after gasification is passed through from gasification furnace core by follow-up extractor fan, be transported to kitchen range.Due to the effect of material outlet pumping chamber blast, the flue gas of Bunker and stove are isolated outward.The effect of exhaust smoke valve is: when starting to light a fire, and inevitably produces some flue gases, it first need be discharged, and after gasification reaction is normal, then closed, biological fuel gas is to Gas Pipe air feed.The effect of safety relief valve is: when there is quick-fried baking phenomenon in feed bin, in feed bin, pressure suddenly increases, and safety relief valve is under atmospheric pressure opened automatically, the flue gas in feed bin is discharged to chimney and releases, and prevents feed bin from damaging.Heat-insulation layer makes gasification furnace core, especially the better heat preservation of gasification reactor chamber, make gasification reaction room temperature enough high, 1200 degree can be reached, ensure that the pyrocarbon as tar cracking catalyst has enough temperature more effectively to promote tar generation cracking reaction, effectively reduce the content of tar, make produced gasification gas more clean, the dust removal by filtration equipment of gasification furnace can be simplified, also make gasification reaction more abundant simultaneously.The application of flexible pipe structure, ensures the anti-performance of expanding with heat and contract with cold of gasification furnace core, improves the service life of gasification furnace core.Set-up mode under air nozzle is tilted to, be conducive to forming downward blast, the combustion gas that gasification reaction is produced down is altered.Infundibulate fire grate ensures that the combustion gas produced is more convenient to be passed through, and increases the unrestrained of ashes simultaneously.Open mobile gate and effectively can remove the ashes or coking block that gather, ensure the normal use of biomass gasifying furnace.

As the improvement of such scheme, aforementioned middle part contiguous block is also provided with collection chamber, blast chamber, air inducing room, Gas Pipe, vigorous fire kitchen range, doffer, control panel; The outside of prismatic table shape funnel hole is collection chamber, and exhaust smoke valve is located at the left side of collection chamber, and the right side of collection chamber is located in blast chamber and air inducing room, and collection chamber is communicated with air inducing room, is provided with vigorous fire kitchen range is guided in the combustion gas after by gasification into air-introduced machine by Gas Pipe in air inducing room; Blast chamber and air inducing room are set up in parallel, and blast chamber is connected with air nozzle, are provided with the air blast to air nozzle air blast in blast chamber; Be provided with aid distributing pipe in the middle of blast chamber and Gas Pipe, aid distributing pipe is provided with air distribution valve, Gas Pipe is also provided with the main stove control valve controlling vigorous fire kitchen range.Air nozzle is tilted to lower nozzle and arranges towards gasification furnace core central region, and make air stream oblique to blowing from top to bottom, igniting is blowing hot-air, has put the air of fiery after-blow normal temperature, makes biomass fuel and air reaction generate biological fuel gas; Biological fuel gas is inhaled the gasification structure forming downdraft downwards by air-introduced machine from gasification furnace core, be mixed in the tar in biological fuel gas and become combustion gas with the living beings generation reaction conversions of carbonization, thus well solve the tar problem of uniflow gas stove stove, so the biological fuel gas that reaction generates is relatively clean.

Aforementioned blast chamber is provided with air inlet adjustment valve, comprises the air inlet adjustment mechanism that the valve body being provided with some air admission holes, the valve plates can slided in valve body and promotion valve plates are slided in valve body; The driving gear set that air inlet adjustment mechanism comprises air inlet adjustment valve handle, is located at the tooth bar of valve plates one end and engages with tooth bar; Air inlet adjustment valve handle end is provided with the arc-shaped gear with driving gear set engagement.

Aforementioned control panel is provided with successively the ignition switch of manipulation igniter, blanking handle, blower switch, air-introduced machine switch, timer, the exhaust smoke valve handle of manipulation exhaust smoke valve, the air inlet adjustment valve handle of manipulation air inlet adjustment valve, manipulate the main stove valve handle of main stove control valve, the air distribution valve handle of manipulation air distribution valve, the water temperature display of display water tank water temperature.Convenient manipulation regulates each functional module.

Aforementioned doffer control bunker fuels enters the blanking driving lever in gasification furnace core, and passes the shift lever axis be connected with blanking driving lever of blast chamber, and the blanking handle that end is connected to control panel taken out by driving lever.

The secondary air inlet room be connected with ash-falling chamber is provided with outside aforementioned gasification furnace core, secondary intake pipes is provided with in heat-insulation layer between the inside and outside wall of gasification furnace core, be connected with secondary air inlet room under secondary intake pipes, on be connected with the air inlet adjustment valve of blast chamber, secondary air inlet room hoop is provided with air port, is provided with secondary combustion chamber below fire grate.

Aforementioned water tank upper loop configuration, bottom is infundibulate, and secondary combustion chamber is located in the middle of water tank bottom, and secondary combustion chamber and ash-falling chamber are connected and are equipped with smoke tube, are connected under smoke tube with ash-falling chamber, on be connected with exhaust gases passes.

Aforementioned water tank is divided into inside and outside two parts, be respectively exocoel and inner chamber, exocoel is endothermic water tank, inner chamber is second-time burning Fast Heating water tank, and be provided with diaphragm in the middle of second-time burning Fast Heating water tank, diaphragm is provided with water conservancy diversion separate space, water conservancy diversion separate space is provided with outlet pipe on one side, outlet pipe is connected with the outlet valve be located at outside gasifying range for biological substance through endothermic water tank, and the peripheral tangent line of water tank upper is provided with water inlet, and in the middle part of water tank, skin is provided with water temperature detection point.

Be provided with ash dish bottom aforementioned ash-falling chamber, ash-falling chamber side is provided with out tepetate, and opposite side is provided with Luo Hui pumping chamber, and Luo Hui pumping chamber is connected with blast chamber by pipeline; Described apparatus for ash of trembling is located on ash dish, tremble apparatus for ash and comprise two rocker arm shafts be located on ash dish; rocker arm shaft is provided with fire grate seat; fire grate seat is provided with fire grate seat bar and is connected with the fire grate of combustion chamber bottom; rocker arm shaft one end is through Luo Hui pumping chamber; one end be hinged on be located at out tepetate side rocker shaft bed on, the side that rocker arm shaft stretches out Luo Hui pumping chamber is provided with the intermeshing gear teeth, and one of them gear teeth is directly connected with the grey pedal that falls being located at gasifying range for biological substance outside.

Aforementioned exhaust smoke valve comprises the valve plate outside hinged exhaust smoke valve and controls the Valve controlling assembly of valve plate opening and closing; Valve controlling assembly comprises the valve rocking arm be hinged on valve plate, the valve rod be hinged with between the exhaust smoke valve handle of valve rocking arm and control panel; The rocking arm that one of them and valve plates of valve rocking arm are cut with scissors is provided with slide bar, and slide bar one end is located on this rocking arm slidably, and slide bar one end is hinged on body of heater, and slide bar overcoat has reset transistor spring.

As from the foregoing, the present invention mainly contains following advantage: compact conformation, and space makes full use of, and gasification reaction temperature is high, can reach 1200 degree, and start-up time of heating up is short, and igniting is convenient, and aerogenesis is efficient; Not only take full advantage of the biological fuel gas heating water tank generation hot water that reaction generates, the tar that also will be mixed in biological fuel gas is removed, and significantly reduces the pollution to environment, improves the service life of relevant appliance; Remove the ashes that gather or coking block convenient and swift; The application of reproducible biomass energy is used to actively promote effect to expanding.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of gasifying range for biological substance of the present invention, and the arrow in figure is the flow direction of gasification gas.

Fig. 2 is the perspective top schematic diagram of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is the schematic side view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the exhaust smoke valve in Fig. 3.

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of air inlet adjustment valve.

Drawing reference numeral illustrates:

1, body of heater 2, Bunker 3, chimney 4, gasification furnace core 5, ash-falling chamber 7, fire grate 8, middle part contiguous block 9, feed bin lid 10, secondary air inlet room 11, air nozzle 12, igniter 13, collection chamber 14, exhaust smoke valve 141, valve plate 142, valve rocking arm 143, valve rod 144, slide bar 145, reset transistor spring 146, exhaust smoke valve handle 15, exhaust gases passes 16, water tank 161, diaphragm 162, water conservancy diversion separate space 163, outlet valve 164, outlet pipe 165, endothermic water tank 166, second-time burning Fast Heating water tank 17, air inducing room 18, air-introduced machine 19, Gas Pipe 20, blast transmission channel 21, smoke evacuation room 22, material outlet pumping chamber 23, discharge flue 24, blast chamber 25, air blast 26, air inlet adjustment valve 261, valve body 262, valve plates 27, aid distributing pipe 28, air inlet adjustment valve handle 29, tooth bar 30, driving gear set 31, arc-shaped gear 32, grooved bell mouth 33, doffer 331, blanking driving lever 332, shift lever axis 333, blanking handle 34, heat-insulation layer 35, splicing funnel 36, secondary combustion chamber 37, gasification reactor chamber 38, telescoping tube 39, safety relief valve 46, ash dish 47, go out tepetate 48, Luo Hui pumping chamber 49, tremble apparatus for ash 491, fire grate seat 492, rocker arm shaft 493, fire grate seat bar 494, the gear teeth 495, fall grey pedal 51, vigorous fire kitchen range 52, control panel 53, mobile gate 54, main stove control valve 55, air distribution valve 56, fuel wood 58, smoke tube 59, pot.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment, the present invention and Advantageous Effects thereof are further elaborated.

See Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 6, gasifying range for biological substance comprises body of heater 1 and is located at Bunker 2 on body of heater 1, middle part contiguous block 8, gasification furnace core 4, ash-falling chamber 5 from top to bottom; Water tank 16 is arranged with outside combustion chamber; Middle part contiguous block 8 is provided with the exhaust smoke valve 14 being communicated with gasification furnace core 4; Bunker 2 side is provided with discharge flue 23 and blast transmission channel 20; Bunker 2 top is two lattice hollow structures, and two lattice hollow structure is respectively smoke evacuation room 21 and material outlet pumping chamber 22, and material outlet pumping chamber 22 is connected with blast transmission channel 20, and discharge flue 23 is connected with room 21 of discharging fume with exhaust smoke valve 14 respectively; Feed bin lid 9 is provided with in the middle of material outlet pumping chamber 22; Feed bin lid 9 entirety is arranged in material outlet pumping chamber 22; Smoke evacuation room 21 is provided with the safety relief valve 39 be connected with Bunker 2; Smoke evacuation room 21 is provided with chimney 3; The grooved bell mouth 32 extending into middle part contiguous block 8 is provided with below Bunker 2, Bunker 2 is connected with middle part contiguous block 8, contiguous block 8 position corresponding with grooved bell mouth 32, middle part has prismatic table shape funnel hole, correspondingly with the splicing funnel 35 being located at gasification furnace core 4 top under prismatic table shape funnel hole is communicated with; Be provided with the exhaust gases passes 15 around gasification furnace core 4 between water tank 16 and combustion chamber, gasification furnace core 4 is communicated with ash-falling chamber 5 with Bunker 2 respectively, is provided with the infundibulate fire grate 7 that the combustion gas after for fuel ashes gentleization is passed through between gasification furnace core 4 and ash-falling chamber 5; Heat-insulation layer 34 is provided with between the inside and outside wall of gasification furnace core 4, gasification furnace core 4 middle part is gasification reactor chamber 37, the inwall of gasification reactor chamber 37 is that inside and outside two-layer casing pipe sleeve is connected together the telescoping tube 38 of the retractable formed, above gasification reactor chamber 37, sidewall is provided with and is tilted to lower air nozzle 11 of drying towards gasification reactor chamber 37, and heat-insulation layer 34 li is provided with can to the igniter 12 of gasification furnace core 4 blowing hot-air; Fire grate 7 is located at gasification reactor chamber 37 bottom, is provided with to allow up and down to tremble apparatus for ash 49 below fire grate 7; The bottom of fire grate 7 is provided with can the mobile gate 53 of folding.

See Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 3, in addition, middle part contiguous block 8 is also provided with collection chamber 13, blast chamber 24, air inducing room 17, Gas Pipe 19, vigorous fire kitchen range 51, doffer 33, control panel 52; The outside of prismatic table shape funnel hole is collection chamber 13, exhaust smoke valve 14 is located at the left side of collection chamber 13, the right side of collection chamber 13 is located in blast chamber 24 and air inducing room 17, collection chamber 13 is communicated with air inducing room 17, is provided with vigorous fire kitchen range 51 is guided in the combustion gas after by gasification into air-introduced machine 18 by Gas Pipe 19 in air inducing room 17; Blast chamber 24 and air inducing room 17 are set up in parallel, and blast chamber 24 is connected with air nozzle 11, is provided with the air blast 25 to air nozzle 11 air blast in blast chamber 24; Be provided with aid distributing pipe 27 in the middle of blast chamber 24 and Gas Pipe 19, aid distributing pipe 27 is provided with air distribution valve 55, Gas Pipe 19 is also provided with the main stove control valve 54 controlling vigorous fire kitchen range 51.

See Fig. 6, wherein, blast chamber 24 is provided with air inlet adjustment valve 26, comprises the air inlet adjustment mechanism that the valve body 261 being provided with some air admission holes, the valve plates 262 can slided in valve body 261 and promotion valve plates 262 are slided in valve body 261; The driving gear set 30 that air inlet adjustment mechanism comprises the air inlet adjustment valve handle 28 be located on control panel 52, is located at the tooth bar 29 of valve plates 262 one end and engages with tooth bar 29; Air inlet adjustment valve handle 28 end is provided with the arc-shaped gear 31 engaged with driving gear set 30.

Control panel 52 is also provided with the ignition switch of manipulation igniter 12, blanking handle 333, air blast 25 switch, air-introduced machine 18 switch, timer, the exhaust smoke valve handle 146 of manipulation exhaust smoke valve 14, manipulates the main stove valve handle of main stove control valve, air distribution valve 55 handle of manipulation air distribution valve 55, the water temperature display of display water tank 16 water temperature.

See Fig. 1, preferably, doffer 33 controls Bunker 2 fuel and enters blanking driving lever 331 in gasification furnace core 4, and through the shift lever axis 332 be connected with blanking driving lever 331 of blast chamber 24, the blanking handle 333 that end is connected to control panel 52 taken out by driving lever.

See Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 3, the secondary air inlet room 10 be connected with ash-falling chamber 5 is provided with outside gasification furnace core 4, secondary intake pipes is provided with in heat-insulation layer 34 between the inside and outside wall of gasification furnace core 4, be connected with secondary air inlet room 10 under secondary intake pipes, on be connected with the air inlet adjustment valve 26 of blast chamber 24, secondary air inlet room 10 hoop is provided with air port, is provided with secondary combustion chamber 6 below fire grate 7.

See Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 2, water tank 16 upper, annular structure, bottom is infundibulate, secondary combustion chamber 6 is located in the middle of water tank 16 bottom, secondary combustion chamber 6 and ash-falling chamber 5 are connected and are equipped with smoke tube 58, and smoke tube is connected with ash-falling chamber 5 for 58 times, on be connected with exhaust gases passes 15.

Water tank 16 is divided into inside and outside two parts, be respectively exocoel and inner chamber, exocoel is endothermic water tank 165, inner chamber is second-time burning Fast Heating water tank 166, diaphragm 161 is provided with in the middle of second-time burning Fast Heating water tank 166, diaphragm 161 is provided with water conservancy diversion separate space 162, water conservancy diversion separate space 162 is provided with outlet pipe 164 on one side, outlet pipe 164 is connected with the outlet valve 163 be located at outside gasifying range for biological substance through endothermic water tank 165, water tank 16 top peripheral tangent line is provided with water inlet, and in the middle part of water tank 16, skin is provided with water temperature detection point.

See Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 2, be provided with ash dish 46 bottom ash-falling chamber 5, ash-falling chamber 5 side is provided with out tepetate 47, and opposite side is provided with pumping chamber of Luo Hui pumping chamber 48, Luo Hui 48 and is connected with blast chamber 24 by pipeline; Trembling apparatus for ash 49 is located on ash dish 46, tremble apparatus for ash 49 and comprise two rocker arm shafts 492 be located on ash dish 46; rocker arm shaft 492 is provided with fire grate seat 491; fire grate seat 491 is provided with fire grate seat bar 493 and is connected with the fire grate 7 of combustion chamber bottom; rocker arm shaft 492 one end is through Luo Hui pumping chamber 48; one end is hinged on to be located at out on the rocker arm shaft 492 of tepetate 47 side; the side that rocker arm shaft 492 stretches out Luo Hui pumping chamber 48 is provided with the intermeshing gear teeth 494, and one of them gear teeth is directly connected with the grey pedal 495 that falls being located at gasifying range for biological substance outside.

See Fig. 5, exhaust smoke valve 14 comprises the valve plate 141 outside hinged exhaust smoke valve 14 and controls the Valve controlling assembly of valve plate 141 opening and closing; Valve controlling assembly comprises the valve rocking arm 142 be hinged on valve plate 141, the valve rod 143 be hinged with between the exhaust smoke valve handle 146 of valve rocking arm 142 and control panel 52; The rocking arm that one of them and valve plates 262 of valve rocking arm 142 are cut with scissors is provided with slide bar 144, and slide bar 144 one end is located on this rocking arm slidably, and slide bar 144 one end is hinged on body of heater 1, and slide bar 144 overcoat has reset transistor spring 145.

Book and specific embodiment do not form any restriction to the present invention according to the above description; the present invention is not limited to detailed description of the invention disclosed and described above; to amendments more of the present invention and distortion, also should fall in the protection domain of claim of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a gasifying range for biological substance, comprises body of heater and is located at Bunker on body of heater, middle part contiguous block, gasification furnace core, ash-falling chamber from top to bottom; Water tank is arranged with outside combustion chamber; It is characterized in that: middle part contiguous block is provided with the exhaust smoke valve being communicated with gasification furnace core; Bunker side is provided with discharge flue and blast transmission channel; Bunker top is two lattice hollow structures, and two lattice hollow structure is respectively smoke evacuation room and material outlet pumping chamber, and material outlet pumping chamber is connected with blast transmission channel, and discharge flue is connected with room of discharging fume with exhaust smoke valve respectively; Feed bin lid is provided with in the middle of material outlet pumping chamber; Feed bin lid entirety is arranged in material outlet pumping chamber; Smoke evacuation room is provided with the safety relief valve be connected with Bunker; Smoke evacuation room is provided with chimney; The grooved bell mouth extending into middle part contiguous block is provided with below Bunker, Bunker is connected with middle part contiguous block, the contiguous block position corresponding with grooved bell mouth, middle part has prismatic table shape funnel hole, correspondingly with the splicing funnel being located at gasification furnace core top under prismatic table shape funnel hole is communicated with; Be provided with the exhaust gases passes around gasification furnace core between water tank and combustion chamber, gasification furnace core is communicated with ash-falling chamber with Bunker respectively, is provided with the infundibulate fire grate that the combustion gas after for fuel ashes gentleization is passed through between gasification furnace core and ash-falling chamber; Heat-insulation layer is provided with between the inside and outside wall of gasification furnace core, gasification furnace core middle part is gasification reactor chamber, the inwall of gasification reactor chamber is that inside and outside two-layer casing pipe sleeve is connected together the telescoping tube of the retractable formed, above gasification reactor chamber, sidewall is provided with and is tilted to the lower air nozzle towards gasification reactor chamber blowing, and being provided with in heat-insulation layer can to the igniter of gasification furnace core blowing hot-air; Fire grate is located at gasification reactor chamber bottom, is provided with to allow up and down to tremble apparatus for ash below fire grate; The bottom of fire grate is provided with can the mobile gate of folding.
2. gasifying range for biological substance as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:; Described middle part contiguous block is also provided with collection chamber, blast chamber, air inducing room, Gas Pipe, vigorous fire kitchen range, doffer, control panel; The outside of prismatic table shape funnel hole is collection chamber, and exhaust smoke valve is located at the left side of collection chamber, and the right side of collection chamber is located in blast chamber and air inducing room, and collection chamber is communicated with air inducing room, is provided with vigorous fire kitchen range is guided in the combustion gas after by gasification into air-introduced machine by Gas Pipe in air inducing room; Blast chamber and air inducing room are set up in parallel, and blast chamber is connected with air nozzle, are provided with the air blast to air nozzle air blast in blast chamber; Be provided with aid distributing pipe in the middle of blast chamber and Gas Pipe, aid distributing pipe is provided with air distribution valve, Gas Pipe is also provided with the main stove control valve controlling vigorous fire kitchen range.
3. gasifying range for biological substance as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described blast chamber is provided with air inlet adjustment valve, comprise the air inlet adjustment mechanism that the valve body being provided with some air admission holes, the valve plates can slided in valve body and promotion valve plates are slided in valve body; The driving gear set that air inlet adjustment mechanism comprises air inlet adjustment valve handle, is located at the tooth bar of valve plates one end and engages with tooth bar; Air inlet adjustment valve handle end is provided with the arc-shaped gear with driving gear set engagement.
4. gasifying range for biological substance as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: the ignition switch described control panel being provided with successively manipulation igniter, blanking handle, blower switch, air-introduced machine switch, timer, the exhaust smoke valve handle of manipulation exhaust smoke valve, the air inlet adjustment valve handle of manipulation air inlet adjustment valve, manipulates the main stove valve handle of main stove control valve, the air distribution valve handle of manipulation air distribution valve, the water temperature display of display water tank water temperature.
5. gasifying range for biological substance as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: doffer control bunker fuels enters the blanking driving lever in gasification furnace core, and passing the shift lever axis be connected with blanking driving lever of blast chamber, the blanking handle that end is connected to control panel taken out by driving lever.
6. gasifying range for biological substance as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: outside described gasification furnace core, be provided with the secondary air inlet room be connected with ash-falling chamber, secondary intake pipes is provided with in heat-insulation layer between the inside and outside wall of gasification furnace core, be connected with secondary air inlet room under secondary intake pipes, on be connected with the air inlet adjustment valve of blast chamber, secondary air inlet room hoop is provided with air port, is provided with secondary combustion chamber below fire grate.
7. gasifying range for biological substance as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: described water tank upper loop configuration, bottom is infundibulate, secondary combustion chamber is located in the middle of water tank bottom, secondary combustion chamber and ash-falling chamber are connected and are equipped with smoke tube, be connected with ash-falling chamber under smoke tube, on be connected with exhaust gases passes.
8. gasifying range for biological substance as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: described water tank is divided into inside and outside two parts, be respectively exocoel and inner chamber, exocoel is endothermic water tank, inner chamber is second-time burning Fast Heating water tank, diaphragm is provided with in the middle of second-time burning Fast Heating water tank, diaphragm is provided with water conservancy diversion separate space, water conservancy diversion separate space is provided with outlet pipe on one side, outlet pipe is connected with the outlet valve be located at outside gasifying range for biological substance through endothermic water tank, the peripheral tangent line of water tank upper is provided with water inlet, and in the middle part of water tank, skin is provided with water temperature detection point.
9. gasifying range for biological substance as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that: be provided with ash dish bottom described ash-falling chamber, ash-falling chamber side is provided with out tepetate, and opposite side is provided with Luo Hui pumping chamber, and Luo Hui pumping chamber is connected with blast chamber by pipeline; Described apparatus for ash of trembling is located on ash dish, tremble apparatus for ash and comprise two rocker arm shafts be located on ash dish; rocker arm shaft is provided with fire grate seat; fire grate seat is provided with fire grate seat bar and is connected with the fire grate of combustion chamber bottom; rocker arm shaft one end is through Luo Hui pumping chamber; one end be hinged on be located at out tepetate side rocker shaft bed on, the side that rocker arm shaft stretches out Luo Hui pumping chamber is provided with the intermeshing gear teeth, and one of them gear teeth is directly connected with the grey pedal that falls being located at gasifying range for biological substance outside.
10. gasifying range for biological substance as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that: described exhaust smoke valve comprises the valve plate outside hinged exhaust smoke valve and controls the Valve controlling assembly of valve plate opening and closing; Valve controlling assembly comprises the valve rocking arm be hinged on valve plate, the valve rod be hinged with between the exhaust smoke valve handle of valve rocking arm and control panel; The rocking arm that one of them and valve plates of valve rocking arm are cut with scissors is provided with slide bar, and slide bar one end is located on this rocking arm slidably, and slide bar one end is hinged on body of heater, and slide bar overcoat has reset transistor spring.
CN201510072597.5A 2015-02-12 2015-02-12 A kind of gasifying range for biological substance CN104654364B (en)

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CN108105803A (en) * 2017-12-17 2018-06-01 王丽霞 A kind of rocket stove
CN108192667A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-22 扬州大学 A kind of biomass gasifying furnace and its gasification operation method

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