CN104570576A - Display apparatus - Google Patents

Display apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104570576A
CN104570576A CN 201410525094 CN201410525094A CN104570576A CN 104570576 A CN104570576 A CN 104570576A CN 201410525094 CN201410525094 CN 201410525094 CN 201410525094 A CN201410525094 A CN 201410525094A CN 104570576 A CN104570576 A CN 104570576A
Authority
CN
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
deflecting
micro
image
array
plurality
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201410525094
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蔡朝旭
Original Assignee
财团法人工业技术研究院
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • G02B27/22Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus for producing stereoscopic or other three dimensional effects
    • G02B27/2214Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus for producing stereoscopic or other three dimensional effects involving lenticular arrays or parallax barriers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • G02B27/42Diffraction optics, i.e. systems including a diffractive element being designed for providing a diffractive effect
    • G02B27/4205Diffraction optics, i.e. systems including a diffractive element being designed for providing a diffractive effect having a diffractive optical element [DOE] contributing to image formation, e.g. whereby modulation transfer function MTF or optical aberrations are relevant

Abstract

The embodiment of the invention provides a display apparatus. The display apparatus including an image module and a micro deflecting array is provided. The image module is configured to provide a plurality of image beams, wherein these image beams contain a plurality sets of image information of different viewing angles, and the micro deflecting array is disposed on the transmission paths of these image beams. The micro deflecting array has a plurality of micro deflecting units arranged in an array, and these micro deflecting units are grouped into a plurality of micro deflecting groups interlaced with each other, and these micro deflecting groups respectively deflect these image beams to a plurality of directions, and a distribution range of azimuth angles of these directions, with respect to an optical axis of the micro deflecting array, in a direction perpendicular to the optical axis of the micro deflecting array occupies at least a part of 360 degrees.

Description

显示装置 The display device

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明是有关于一种影像装置,且特别是有关于一种显示装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a video apparatus, and more particularly relates to a display device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着显示技术的发展,各种显示装置的需求在人类的生活中不断在提升。 [0002] With the development of display technology, the demand for a variety of display devices constantly upgrading in human life. 在目前发展的显示科技中,立体显示技术也是发展的主流之一。 In the current development of display technology, three-dimensional display technology is also one of the mainstream of development. 立体显示除了可以带给使用者在视觉上更佳的视觉感受外,通过与立体影像的互动也可以让使用者得到更直观、更多的影像息。 In addition to the stereoscopic display can give the user a better visual visual perception, through interaction with the stereoscopic image may also allow users to be more intuitive, more image information.

[0003] 在目前的立体显示技术中,能形成360度立体影像的立体显示技术是发展的主流之一。 Perspective [0003] In the current art stereoscopic display, 360 can form a stereoscopic image display technique is one of the mainstream of development. 现有的360度立体显示技术,多半是通过会旋转的屏幕来达成,因此也需要能够旋转屏幕的机械元件,此类旋转屏幕的桌面型立体显示技术的制作成本较高,运作时易产生较多噪音与震动。 360 conventional stereoscopic display technology, mostly will be achieved by rotating the screen, and therefore the need for mechanical rotatable screen element, such rotation perspective desktop screen displayed higher manufacturing cost technique, relatively easy to produce when the operating and more noise and vibration. 另一方面,屏幕旋转时所扫过的空间不能有物体阻挡,因此屏幕的旋转也会让使用者无法直接触碰显示在上述空间中的立体影像,进而导致使用者无法有更直观的使用经验。 On the other hand, when the screen rotation has swept not blocked by an object space, so that the rotation of the screen but also make a user can not directly touch the stereoscopic video display in the space, not leading to a more intuitive user experience . 因此,需要一种可以提供广视角(例如是360度)及更佳互动效果的立体显示装置。 Accordingly, a wide viewing angle can be provided (e.g., 360 degrees) and a better perspective of the interactive effect of the display device.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的实施例提供一种显示装置,其可以提供浮空(floating)的影像。 [0004] Embodiments of the present invention provides a display device that can provide an image floating (Floating) of.

[0005] 本发明的实施例提供一种显示装置,包括影像模块以及微偏折阵列。 Example [0005] The present invention provides a display apparatus comprising an image module and a micro-deflection array. 影像模块用以提供多个影像光束,其中这些影像光束含有多个不同视角的影像信息,微偏折阵列配置于这些影像光束的传递路径上。 Module for providing a plurality of video image beam, wherein the image beam containing image information of a plurality of different angles, micro-deflection array disposed on the transmission path of the image beam. 微偏折阵列具有排成阵列的多个微偏折单元,这些微偏折单元分成彼此交错排列的多个微偏折单元组,这些微偏折单元组分别将这些影像光束偏折至多个方向,这些方向相对于微偏折阵列的光轴是在垂直于光轴的方向上的方位角的分布范围占360度的至少一部分。 Micro deflector array having a plurality of micro-deflection units arranged in an array, the micro-deflection unit into a plurality of groups of micro deflection units staggered from each other, these micro-cell groups respectively deflect the image light beams to deflect a plurality of directions these micro-deflection optical axis direction with respect to the distribution of the array is perpendicular to the direction of the optical axis azimuth angle of 360 degrees represents at least a portion.

[0006] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的影像模块还包括微透镜阵列以及投影模块。 [0006] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described image module further comprises a microlens array and projection module. 微透镜阵列具有多个排成阵列的微透镜。 A microlens array having a plurality of microlenses arranged in an array. 投影模块具有多个投影单元,以分别发出这些影像光束。 Projection module having a plurality of projection unit to emit the image light beams, respectively. 微透镜阵列配置于这些影像光束的传递路径上,且位于投影模块与微偏折阵列之间,这些微透镜将不同的这些影像光束分别导引至不同的这些微偏折单元组。 A microlens array disposed on the transmission path of the image beam, and located between the projection module and the micro-deflection array, the microlenses are different guide image light beams to different microstructures deflection unit group.

[0007] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的这些微偏折单元中彼此相邻且分别属于不同的这些微偏折单元组者分别形成多个偏折单元。 [0007] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described micro-deflection units adjacent to each other and belong to different groups of these micro-deflection means are formed by a plurality of deflection units. 每一偏折单元具有每一微偏折单元组中的一个微偏折单元。 Each deflection unit having a deflection unit for each micro-micro deflection unit group. 这些影像光束中分别来自这些微透镜的多个部分光束分别被这些微透镜传递至这些偏折单元。 Respectively image light beams from the plurality of microlenses each partial beam is transmitted through the microlenses deflection unit.

[0008] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的这些投影单元与每一偏折单元中对应的这些微偏折单元的排列顺序的方向相差180度。 [0008] In an embodiment of the present invention, the order of the direction of deflection means the microstructures of these projection units corresponding to each unit deflection is 180 degrees.

[0009] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的这些投影单元的数量等于这些微偏折单元组的数量。 [0009] In an embodiment of the present invention, the number of these projection units equals the number of the micro-deflection unit group.

[0010] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的微透镜阵列及微偏折阵列之间的距离大于或小于每一微透镜的焦距。 [0010] In an embodiment of the present invention, the distance between the microlens array and the array of micro-deflection greater or less than the focal length of each microlens.

[0011] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的显示装置还包括透镜,其配置于这些影像光束的传递路径上,且位于微透镜阵列与投影模块之间。 [0011] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described display device further includes a lens disposed on the transmission path of the image beam, and located between the microlens array and projection module.

[0012] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的这些微偏折单元各为折射式透镜或衍射光栅。 [0012] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described micro-deflection units are each a refractive lens or a diffraction grating.

[0013] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的显示装置还包括感测模块以及处理单元。 [0013] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described display device further includes a sensing module and a processing unit. 感测模块用以感测使用者在显示装置旁的影像。 A sensing module for sensing the user image next to the display device. 处理单元用以根据感测模块所感测到的影像判断出使用者的动作,并输出对应于动作的指令信号至影像模块。 The processing unit is configured sensed sensing module determines that the sensed image of the user operation, and outputs a signal corresponding to an operation command to the image module.

[0014] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的影像模块包括显示元件。 [0014] In an embodiment of the present invention, the module comprises the above-described image display element. 显示元件具有多个显示单元,这些显示单元分成彼此交错排列的多个显示单元组,不同的这些显示单元组分别发出不同的这些影像光束。 A display element having a plurality of display units, the display unit divided into a plurality of display units are arranged interleaving with each other, the different groups of display cells emit different image light beams.

[0015] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的这些显示单元组分别与这些微偏折单元组对应。 [0015] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described set of corresponding display cells to these cell groups respectively micro-deflection. 每一显示单元组中的这些显示单元分别与对应的微偏折单元组中的这些微偏折单元对应。 These display units each display cell groups respectively corresponding to the micro-cell group corresponding to the deflection of the micro-deflection units. 这些影像光束中来自每一显示单元的部分光束准直地传递至对应的微偏折单元。 Image light beams from each partial light beam in the display unit is transmitted to the micro collimated corresponding deflection unit.

[0016] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的这些微偏折单元中彼此相邻且分别属于不同的这些微偏折单元组者分别形成多个偏折单元。 [0016] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described micro-deflection units adjacent to each other and belong to different groups of these micro-deflection means are formed by a plurality of deflection units. 每一偏折单元具有每一微偏折单元组中的一个微偏折单元。 Each deflection unit having a deflection unit for each micro-micro deflection unit group.

[0017] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的显示单元为显示元件的像素或次像素。 [0017] In an embodiment of the present invention, the aforementioned display unit is a display pixel or sub-pixel elements.

[0018] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的影像模块还包括准直光源,其准直地发出照明光束至显示元件,且这些显示单元组分别将准直光束转换成这些影像光束。 [0018] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described image module further comprises a collimated light source, which emits a collimated beam to illuminate the display element group and display units are collimated beam into the image light beams.

[0019] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的准直光源是准直背光板,其覆盖全部的这些显示单 [0019] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-mentioned collimated light source is collimated backlight, which covers all such single display

J Li ο J Li ο

[0020] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的这些显示单元组各具有的部分这些显示单元的数目相同。 [0020] In an embodiment of the present invention, the same number of said groups of display cells each having a portion of the display units.

[0021 ] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的准直光源包括光源以及准直透镜。 [0021] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described light source comprises a collimated light source and the collimator lens. 光源用以发出发散光束,准直透镜将发散光束会聚成准直的照明光束。 A light source configured to emit a divergent light beam, a collimator lens converging the diverging beam into a collimated illumination beam.

[0022] 在本发明的实施例中,上述的光源可为点光源。 [0022] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described light source may be a point light source. 点光源配置于准直透镜的焦点位置。 Point light source arranged at the focal position of the collimator lens.

[0023] 基于上述,本发明的实施例中所提供的显示装置可以通过影像模块所提供的影像光束,再搭配配置于影像光束的微偏折阵列来提供影像。 [0023] Based on the above display device, embodiments of the present invention may be provided in the image by the image beam provided by the module, and then with the configuration of the image beam deflection array of micro-images is provided. 这些影像可以根据不同方向提供不同的立体影像,也就是可以让使用者可以看到浮空的立体影像。 These images can provide different stereoscopic images according to different directions, that is, it allows the user to see the floating three-dimensional image.

[0024] 为让本发明的上述特征和优点能更明显易懂,下文特举实施例,并配合所附附图作详细说明如下。 [0024] In order to make the above features and advantages of the invention more comprehensible, several embodiments, with detailed description and accompanying drawings as follows.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0025] 图1是本发明的第一实施例中显示装置的示意图。 [0025] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a display device of a first embodiment of the present invention.

[0026] 图2是本发明的第一实施例中显示装置的局部立体示意图及局部俯视图。 [0026] FIG. 2 is a partial perspective view and a partial plan view of a display device of a first embodiment of the present invention.

[0027] 图3是本发明的实施例中显示装置由为微偏折阵列的光轴上往微偏折阵列方向观察的光路不意图。 [0027] FIG. 3 is a device not intended to deflect the optical path to the micro array as seen in the direction of the optical axis of the micro-deflection array embodiment of the present invention.

[0028] 图4是本发明的第一实施例中显示装置由侧边观察的光路示意图。 [0028] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of an optical path from the observation side of the display device of a first embodiment of the present invention.

[0029] 图5是本发明的实施例中微偏折阵列的示意图。 [0029] FIG. 5 is a schematic of an embodiment of the present invention, the micro-deflection array.

[0030] 图6A是本发明的第二实施例中显示装置的示意图。 [0030] FIG 6A is a schematic view of a display device according to a second embodiment of the present invention.

[0031] 图6B是本发明的另一实施例中显示装置的示意图。 [0031] FIG 6B is a schematic view of a display device according to another embodiment of the present invention.

[0032] 图7是本发明的第三实施例中显示装置的示意图。 [0032] FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a display device according to a third embodiment of the present invention.

[0033] 图8是本发明的第三实施例中偏折单元的俯视图。 [0033] FIG. 8 is a top view of a third embodiment of the deflection unit of the present invention.

[0034] 图9是本发明的第三实施例中部分显示装置的示意图。 [0034] FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a third embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention, the display portion.

[0035] 图10是本发明的第四实施例中显示装置的示意图。 [0035] FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a display device according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.

[0036]【符号说明】 [0036] EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS

[0037] α、β:发散角; [0037] α, β: angle of divergence;

[0038] Il:光轴; [0038] Il: an optical axis;

[0039] si 〜sl6:标示; [0039] si ~sl6: Flag;

[0040] 50:人眼; [0040] 50: the human eye;

[0041] 100A、100B、100C、500、700:显示装置; [0041] 100A, 100B, 100C, 500,700: a display device;

[0042] 200,600:影像模块; [0042] 200, 600: image module;

[0043] 201:影像光束; [0043] 201: image beam;

[0044] 203:扇形光束; [0044] 203: fan beam;

[0045] 210:微透镜阵列; [0045] 210: microlens array;

[0046] 212:微透镜; [0046] 212: a microlens;

[0047] 220:投影模块; [0047] 220: a projection module;

[0048] 222:投影单元; [0048] 222: projection means;

[0049] 300、300A、300B:微偏折阵列; [0049] 300,300A, 300B: an array of micro-deflection;

[0050] 310:微偏折单元; [0050] 310: micro deflecting means;

[0051] kl〜kl6:微偏折单元组; [0051] kl~kl6: Micro deflection unit group;

[0052] 330:偏折单元; [0052] 330: deflecting means;

[0053] 400A、400B:透镜; [0053] 400A, 400B: a lens;

[0054] 610:显示元件; [0054] 610: display device;

[0055] 611:部分光束; [0055] 611: partial light beams;

[0056] 612:显示单元; [0056] 612: a display unit;

[0057] 620:准直光源; [0057] 620: source of collimated light;

[0058] 621:准直光束; [0058] 621: collimated light beam;

[0059] 622:光源; [0059] 622: a light source;

[0060] 623:发散光束; [0060] 623: divergent light beam;

[0061] 624:准直透镜; [0061] 624: collimator lens;

[0062] 630 ;感测模块; [0062] 630; sense module;

[0063] 640:处理单元。 [0063] 640: Processing unit.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0064] 图1是本发明的第一实施例中显示装置的示意图。 [0064] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a display device of a first embodiment of the present invention. 图2是本发明的第一实施例中显示装置的局部立体示意图及局部俯视图。 FIG 2 is a partial perspective view and a partial plan view of a display device of a first embodiment of the present invention. 图3是本发明的实施例中显示装置由微偏折阵列的光轴上往微偏折阵列方向观察的光路示意图。 FIG 3 is a schematic view of an optical path deflecting means to the micro-array in the optical axis direction by a micro-deflector array viewed shows an embodiment of the present invention. 图4是本发明的第一实施例中显示装置由侧边观察的光路示意图。 FIG 4 is a schematic view of an optical path from the observation side of the display device of a first embodiment of the present invention. 图5是本发明的实施例中微偏折阵列的示意图。 FIG 5 is a schematic of an embodiment of the present invention, the micro-deflection array. 需要说明的是,为了能够清楚说明本发明的实施例中显示装置10A的细节,图1及图2所绘示的图形有放大部分构件,其所绘示的大小及位置并非用于限定本发明的构件的大小及位置。 Note that, for clarity of details of the apparatus 10A shows an embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 2 pattern depicted an enlarged portion of FIG. 1 means that the size and position depicted not intended to limit the present invention size and position of the member. 请参照图1至5,在本实施例中,显示装置100A包括影像模块200以及微偏折阵列300。 Referring to Figures 1 to 5, in the present embodiment, the display device 100A includes an image module 200 and a micro-deflection array 300. 影像模块200可用以提供多个影像光束201,其中这些影像光束201含有多个不同视角的影像信息,且影像模块200包括微透镜阵列210及投影模块220。 Imaging module 200 may be used to provide a plurality of image beam 201, wherein the image beam 201 comprising a plurality of different views of the image information, and the image module 200 includes a microlens array 210 and the projector module 220. 微透镜阵列210具有多个排成阵列的微透镜212。 The microlens array 210 having a plurality of microlenses 212 arranged in an array. 投影模块220具有多个投影单元222,且这些投影单元222分别发出这些影像光束201。 The projector module 220 includes a plurality of projection units 222, 222 and the projection unit 201 the image light beams emitted respectively. 微偏折阵列300配置于这些影像光束201的传递路径上。 Micro-deflection array 300 disposed on the transmission path of the image light beam 201. 微偏折阵列300具有排成阵列的多个微偏折单元310,这些微偏折单元310分成彼此交错排列的多个微偏折单元组kl至kl6(请参照图5)。 Micro-deflection array 300 having a plurality of micro-deflection units arranged in an array 310, 310 into which the micro-deflection unit deflecting a plurality of micro-kl cell groups are arranged staggered to each other KL6 (refer to FIG. 5). 具体而言,请参照图5,在本实施例中,这些微偏折单元310 (例如这边绘示为12乘12的阵列,也就是144个)中,其上标示有kl的所有这些微偏折单元310组成微偏折单元组kl,其上标示有k2的所有这些微偏折单元310组成微偏折单元组k2,以此类推,在本实施例中例如组成十六个微偏折单元组kl〜kl6。 Specifically, referring to FIG. 5, in the present embodiment, the micro-deflection units 310 (e.g., here shown as a 12 by 12 array, i.e., 144), which is marked on all of these slight kl deflection unit 310 composed of a micro deflecting means kl to set, on which all of these labeled with 310 micro-deflection means consisting of a micro deflection unit group k2 k2, and so on, in the present embodiment, for example, sixteen micro deflection composition unit group kl~kl6. 微透镜阵列210位于投影模块220与微偏折阵列300之间,这些微透镜212将不同的这些影像光束201分别导引至不同的这些微偏折单元组kl〜kl6,这些微偏折单元组kl〜kl6分别将这些影像光束201偏折至多个方向,这些方向相对于微偏折阵列300的光轴Il在垂直于光轴Il的方向上的方位角的分布范围占360度的至少一部分。 The microlens array 210 is located between the projection module 220 and micro-deflection array 300, microlenses 212 to 201 are different from the guide image light beams to different microstructures deflection unit group kl~kl6, these micro-deflection unit group kl~kl6 201 respectively image light beams to deflect a plurality of directions, these directions with respect to the optical axis of the micro-deflection array 300 Il distribution in a direction perpendicular to the optical axis azimuth Il comprises at least a portion of the 360 ​​degrees.

[0065] 请参照图1至图4,本发明的第一实施例中,这些微偏折单元组kl至kl6分别将这些影像光束201偏折至多个方向,这些方向排列于环绕该微偏折阵列300的光轴Il及与光轴Il平行的轴向的方向上。 [0065] Referring to FIG. 1 to FIG. 4, a first embodiment of the present invention, these micro-deflection means kl to kl6 group respectively image light beams 201 deflect to a plurality of directions, these directions are arranged to surround the micro-deflection Il optical axis direction to the optical axis and the array 300 is parallel to the axial direction Il. 具体来说,在本实施例中,微偏折单元组kl至kl6分别将这些影像光束201偏折成例如是多个扇形光束203,而这些扇形光束203例如沿着这些方向射出。 Specifically, in the present embodiment, the micro-deflection to kl6 kl cell group respectively image light beams 201 deflect into, for example, a plurality of fan beam 203, which e.g. fan beam 203 emitted along these directions. 因此,在本实施例中,使用者在观看显示装置100A时,会根据使用者的位置的不同(也就是相对于光轴Il的方向的不同)而接受到不同的扇形光束203,以提供使用者立体影像。 Thus, in the present embodiment, the display device 100A in a user viewing the position of the user based on a different (i.e. different directions with respect to the optical axis of Il) and receive different fan beam 203 to provide the use of by three-dimensional image. 更具体来说,在本实施例中,微偏折单元组kl至kl6分别偏折成例如是多个扇形光束203,这些扇形光束203各自在平行于光轴Il的其中一平面上具有大发散角β,且这些扇形光束203在垂直于光轴Il的其中一平面上具有小发散角a。 More specifically, in the present embodiment, the deflection of the micro-cell group kl to kl6 are deflected into, for example, a plurality of fan beam 203, 203 which each fan beam having a large divergence in the optical axis parallel to a plane in which the Il angle β, the fan beam 203 and having a small divergence angle in a plane which is perpendicular to the optical Il. 因此,在本实施例中,显示装置100A可以提供良好的立体影像外,又可以在平行于光轴Il的方向上具有大视角。 Accordingly, in the present embodiment, the display device 100A can provide good stereoscopic image, but they may have a large viewing angle in a direction parallel to the optical axis of Il. 也就是说,本发明的第一实施例中的显示装置100A可以提供良好的浮空立体影像。 That is, the display device 100A of the first embodiment of the present invention may provide good floating stereoscopic image.

[0066] 请参照图3,在本发明的第一实施例中,这些扇形光束203投射的方向环绕微偏折阵列300的光轴Il及与光轴Il平行的轴向排列成圆环状,但不限于此。 [0066] Referring to FIG 3, in a first embodiment of the present invention, the fan beam projection 203 surrounding the micro-deflection array direction of the optical axis and the optical axis 300 Il Il annularly arranged parallel to the axial direction, but it is not limited thereto. 在其他实施例中,这些扇形光束203投射的方向也可以环绕微偏折阵列300的光轴Il及与光轴Il平行的轴向排列成圆环状的一部分。 In other embodiments, the projected direction of the fan beam 203 may be deflected around the micro-array of the optical axis and the optical axis 300 Il Il arranged axially parallel annular portion. 更具体来说,在本发明的第一实施例中,这些扇形光束203投射的方向环绕偏折阵列300的光轴Il及与光轴Il平行的轴向作360度的排列,但不限于此。 More specifically, in the first embodiment of the present invention, the fan beam projection 203 in the direction around the optical axis deflection array 300 and Il Il optical axis aligned parallel to the axial direction for 360 degrees, but it is not limited thereto . 在其他实施例中这些扇形光束203投射的方向更可以环绕偏折阵列300的光轴Il及与光轴Il平行的轴向排列成90度、120度、180度或其他适当角度。 In other embodiments, the fan beam projection 203 may surround the deflector array direction of the optical axis more Il Il 300 and parallel to the optical axis 90 arranged in the axial direction, 120 degrees, 180 degrees or other suitable angle.

[0067] 请参照图5,所绘示的内容是举例说明本发明的实施例中微偏折阵列300的排列方式,并非用于限定各微偏折单元310的形状、数量以及这些微偏折单元310的排列方式。 [0067] Referring to FIG 5, the content depicted arrangement illustrative embodiment of the present invention the micro-deflection array embodiment 300, not intended to limit deflection of each micro-cell 310 shape, and the number of micro-deflection arrangement unit 310. 请参照图1及图5,在本发明的第一实施例中,这些微偏折单元310中彼此相邻且分别属于不同的这些微偏折单元组kl〜kl6者分别形成多个偏折单元330,每一偏折单元330具有每一微偏折单元组kl〜kl6中的一个微偏折单元310,这些影像光束201中分别来自这些微透镜212的多个部分光束分别被这些微透镜212传递至这些偏折单元330。 Referring to FIG. 1 and FIG. 5, in a first embodiment of the present invention, these micro-deflection unit 310 and adjacent to each other belong to different groups of microstructures kl~kl6 deflection unit deflecting a plurality of units each formed by 330, each having a deflection unit 330 for each micro-deflecting unit 310 deflects the micro-cell group in kl~kl6, 201 respectively image light beams from the plurality of microlenses 212 are light beams microlenses 212 the deflector unit 330 is transmitted to. 也就是说,所有的投影单元222所发出的影像光束201中,来自任一个微透镜212的一个部分光束传递至一个对应的偏折单元330。 That is, all of the image beam 201 emitted from the projection unit 222, from either a portion of a micro-lens beam 212 is transmitted to a deflection unit 330 corresponds.

[0068] 详细来说,请参照图5,在本实施例中,这些微偏折单元310形成例如是十六个微偏折单元组kl〜kl6 (也就是这些微偏折单元310根据图5所标示的编号分为微偏折单元组kl至kl6),而偏折单元330具有每一微偏折单元组kl至kl6的一个微偏折单元310。 [0068] In detail, referring to FIG. 5, in the present embodiment, the micro-deflection unit 310 is formed, for example, sixteen micro deflection unit group kl~kl6 (i.e. microstructures deflection unit 310 according to FIG. 5 the indicated cell group ID into the micro-deflection kl to kl6), and having a deflection unit 330 for each group of micro-deflection unit to a micro-deflection means kl KL6 310. 在本实施例中,这些微偏折单元310例如各是折射式透镜、菲涅耳透镜、衍射光栅或衍射光学元件,但不限于此。 In the present embodiment, the micro-deflection unit 310 are each, for example, a refractive lens, a Fresnel lens, a diffraction grating or diffractive optical element, but is not limited thereto.

[0069] 另一方面,图2所绘示的微偏折阵列300及投影模块220中各微偏折单元310及各投影模块220根据各自标示的标号存在有对应关系,也就例如是标示有Si的投影单元222所发出的影像光束201在透过微透镜阵列210后会到达微偏折单元组kl的微偏折单元310,以此类推。 [0069] On the other hand, FIG. 2 depicted micro-deflection array 300 and the projection 220 of each module 310 and each micro projector module deflection unit 220 in accordance with correspondence between the respective reference numerals indicated the presence of, for example, it is marked with Si image beam emitted from the projection unit 201, 222 will arrive through the micro-micro-deflection unit deflecting means kl group after the microlens array 210 310, and so on. 请参照图2中所绘示的微偏折阵列300及投影模块220的俯视图,在本发明的第一实施例中,这些投影单元222的数量等于这些微偏折单元组kl〜kl6的数量(这边以十六个排成四乘四矩阵为例),且这些投影单元222与每一偏折单元330中对应的这些微偏折单元310的排列顺序的方向相差了180度。 300, and a plan view of the projector module 220 depicted in 2 Referring to FIG array of micro-deflection, in the first embodiment of the present invention, the number of the projection unit 222 is equal to the number of these cell groups kl~kl6 of micro-deflection ( these micro deflection units are arranged side by forty-four to sixteen matrix as an example), and these correspond to the projection unit 222 and the deflection unit 330 in each direction in the order of 310 to 180 degrees phase difference. 也就是说,请参照图2,在本实施例中,以自微偏折阵列300往投影模块220的方向俯视来看,当一偏折单元330中由左至右、由上至下依序排列来自微偏折单元组kl至kl6的十六个微偏折单元310,则投影模块220中会由右至左、由下至上依序排列标示有Si至sl6的十六个投影单元222。 That is, referring to FIG 2, in the present embodiment, since the micro-deflection to the array 300 toward a top view of the projector module 220, when a deflection unit 330 from left to right, top to bottom sequence deflection arrangement sixteen micro deflection unit 310 from the micro-cell group kl to kl6, the projection module 220 will be from right to left, are arranged in order from the bottom to sl6 labeled with Si sixteen projection unit 222. 进一步来说,请参照图1、图2及图5,在本实施例中,标示有Si的投影单元222所发出的影像光束201透过微透镜阵列210后可以到达微偏折单元组kl的多个微偏折单元310,以此类推,另外十五个投影单元222也可以透过微透镜阵列210各自到达微偏折单元组k2〜kl6。 Furthermore, referring to FIG 1, FIG 2 and FIG. 5, in the present embodiment, the Si-labeled image beam emitted from the projection unit 222 of the deflector 201 may reach the micro-cell group after kl through the microlens array 210 a plurality of micro-deflection unit 310, and so on, additional fifteen projection unit 222 may be a micro deflection unit 210 reaches each group k2~kl6 through the microlens array.

[0070] 由本发明的第一实施例中,投影模块220中的投影单元222所发出的影像光束201穿透微透镜阵列210后可以到达微偏折单元组kl〜kl6的其中之一,而所述微偏折单元组kl〜kl6再将所述影像光束201偏折往同方向。 Image beam 201 can reach one of the micro-deflection unit group kl~kl6 after penetrating the microlens array 210 wherein [0070] the first embodiment of the present invention, the projector module 220 emitted from the projection unit 222, and the said micro-deflection unit group kl~kl6 then the image beam 201 to deflect in the same direction. 在本实施例中,多个投影单元222搭配这些微偏折单元组kl〜kl6可以使显示装置100A在环绕微偏折阵列300的方向上各自具有来自不同投影单元222的影像光束201,进而形成良好的立体影像。 In the present embodiment, the projection unit 222 with a plurality of microstructures kl~kl6 deflection unit group 100A may cause the display device each having a different image beam 201 from the projection unit 222 in the direction of deflection around the micro-array 300, thereby forming good stereoscopic image.

[0071] 更具体来说,在本发明的实施例中,微透镜阵列210及微偏折阵列300之间的距离大于或小于每一微透镜212的焦距。 [0071] More specifically, in the embodiment of the present invention, the distance between the microlens array 210 and the micro-deflection array 300 larger or smaller than the focal length of each microlens 212. 详细来说,由于投影单元222 (例如是投影机)的出光端(例如是投影镜头)例如是圆形,其具有直径,因此所述出光端所发出的影像光束201的垂直其光轴的截面也会具有照射面积,而通过微透镜阵列210及微偏折阵列300之间的距离大于或小于每一微透镜212的焦距,可以使影像光束201到达微偏折阵列300时的照射面积与微偏折单元310的尺寸接近,进而充分应用微偏折阵列300。 Specifically, since the projection unit 222 (e.g. a projector) of the light ends (e.g. a projection lens), for example circular, having a diameter, so the cross section 201 perpendicular to an optical axis of the image light beam emitted from the end also has an irradiation area, while the distance between the microlens array 210 and the micro-deflection array 300 larger or smaller than the focal length of each microlens 212, 201 can reach the image beam irradiation area and the micro-array 300 when the micro-deflection deflector unit 310 close to the size, and thus make full use of the micro-deflection array 300. 再进一步来说,在本实施例中,由于出光端所发出的影像光束201的垂直其光轴的截面会具有一宽度,因此通过微透镜阵列210及微偏折阵列300之间的距离大于或小于每一微透镜212的焦距,也可以对出光端所发出的影像光束201的宽度作适当地修正。 Still further, in the present embodiment, since the end of the image light beam emitted from the optical axis perpendicular to cross section 201 may have a width, so the distance between the microlens array 210 and the array of micro-deflection or greater than 300 It is smaller than the focal length of each microlens 212 may be the width of the image beam 201 of light emitted from the end be properly corrected.

[0072] 图6A是本发明的第二实施例中显示装置的示意图。 [0072] FIG 6A is a schematic view of a display device according to a second embodiment of the present invention. 请参照图6A,在本发明的第二实施例中,显示装置10B类似于上述第一实施例的显示装置100A,只是其不同之处在于,显示装置100B还包括透镜400A。 Referring to FIG 6A, in the second embodiment of the present invention, the display device 100A is similar to the above-described apparatus 10B show a first embodiment, except that it differs in that the display device 100B further includes a lens 400A. 透镜400A配置于这些影像光束201的传递路径上,并位于微透镜阵列210与投影模块220之间。 Lens 400A disposed on the image light beams transmission path 201, and between the module 210 and the projection 220 of the microlens array. 请参照图5及图6A,在本实施例中,投影模块220与透镜400A的距离等于透镜400A的焦距,因此影像光束201被投影模块220发出再穿透透镜400A后可以成为平行的影像光束201,进而使偏折单元330的周期和微透镜阵列210的周期具有一致尺寸,且在微偏折阵列300A的微偏折单元310因为光入射角度相同,因此彼此也完全相同即可。 Referring to FIG. 5 and FIG. 6A, in the present embodiment, the projector module 220 and the lens 400A is equal to the distance from the focal length of the lens 400A, and therefore the image beam 201 emitted by the projector module 220, penetrates the rear lens 400A may be parallel image beam 201 , thereby enabling the period of the periodic deflection unit 330 and the microlens array 210 has a uniform size, and can be deflected in a micro cell array 300A is 310 micro-deflection since the same light incident angle, and therefore identical to each other.

[0073] 图6B是本发明的另一实施例中显示装置的示意图。 [0073] FIG 6B is a schematic view of a display device according to another embodiment of the present invention. 请参照图6A,在本发明的第二实施例中,透镜400A与投影模块220的距离例如大于透镜400A的焦距,但不限于此。 Referring to FIG 6A, in the second embodiment of the present invention, the distance between the lens 400A and the projection module 220 may be greater than the focal length of the lens 400A, but is not limited thereto. 请参照图6B,在本发明的另一实施例中,更可以视光源的差异或微透镜阵列210的尺寸差异来调整使透镜400B与投影模块220的距离大于透镜400B的焦距。 Referring to Figure 6B, another embodiment of the present invention, but also differences depending on the difference in size of the light source or the microlens array 210 to adjust the lens 400B and the projection module 220 is greater than the distance of the zoom lens 400B. 更进一步来说,在本发明的一实施例中,透镜400B与投影模块220的距离大于透镜400B的焦距,进而使影像光束201穿过透镜400B后开始汇聚,偏折单元330的周期需较微透镜阵列210的周期略小,且每一微偏折单元组中的微偏折单元310根据影像光束201的入射角逐渐变化以达最佳效果,但不限于此。 Still further, in one embodiment of the present invention, the distance between the lens 400B and the projection module 220 is greater than a zoom lens 400B, thereby enabling the image beam 201 passes through the converging lens 400B begins, unit 330 need periodic deflection than micro slightly smaller period of the lens array 210, and each group of micro-micro deflection unit deflecting unit 310 gradually changes according to the incident image beam 201 to achieve the best results, but is not limited thereto. 在其他实施例中,如影像光束201的入射角度变化小,在微偏折阵列300B中的微偏折单元310也可采相同设计,以简化制作。 In other embodiments, such as small angle of incidence of the image beam 201 changes, the micro-deflection of the deflection unit 310 in the micro-array 300B may also be adopted in the same design, to simplify production.

[0074] 图7是本发明的第三实施例中显示装置的示意图。 [0074] FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a display device according to a third embodiment of the present invention. 图8是本发明的第三实施例中偏折单元的俯视图。 FIG 8 is a top plan view of the deflection unit of the third embodiment of the present invention. 图9是本发明的第三实施例中部分显示装置的示意图。 FIG 9 is a schematic diagram of a third embodiment of apparatus of the present invention, the display portion. 特别要说明的是,图7、图8及图9所绘示的实施例中的微偏折阵列300与上述实施例中的微偏折阵列300类似,只是不同之处在于此处不绘示标号而以图像化的符号来说明偏折单元330中这些微偏折单元310的偏折方向的分布。 Particularly noted that, in FIG. 7, 8 and 9 in the embodiment depicted micro-deflection array embodiment 300 of the above-described embodiments, the deflection of the micro-array 300 is similar to, but different in that not shown here reference numeral and symbol will be described an image of the distribution of the deflection direction of the deflecting unit 330 deflects the micro-cell 310. 更具体来说,请参照图9,在本实施例中光束经过微偏折单元310后会各自依照微偏折单元310上所绘示的弧线的垂直方向偏折成多个扇形光束203,其中所绘的弧线代表折射元件的等高线或衍射元件的微结构纹路。 More specifically, referring to FIG 9, in the present embodiment the beam deflecting a plurality of fan beam 203 after each vertical post 310 will be in accordance with the micro-deflection unit 310 depicted micro arc deflection unit, wherein the arc represents the microstructure depicted in refractive or diffractive elements contour lines element. 请参照图7、图8,在本发明的第三实施例中,显示装置500类似于上述实施例中的显示装置100A,只是其不同之处在于在本实施例中,影像模块600不同于影像模块200,影像模块600包括显示元件610以及准直光源620,准直光源620准直地发出准直光束621至显示元件610。 Referring to FIG. 7, FIG. 8, in the third embodiment of the present invention, the display device 100A 500 similar to the above embodiment, a display apparatus, except that except that in the present embodiment, an image different from the image module 600 module 200, an image module 600 includes a display element 610 and the collimated light source 620, a collimated light source 620 emits collimated collimated beam 621 to the display device 610. 请参照图5、图7至图9,显示元件610具有多个显示单元612。 Referring to FIG. 5, FIG. 7 to FIG. 9, a display element 610 having a plurality of display units 612. 这些显示单元612分成彼此交错排列的多个显示单元组,这些显示单元组分别将准直光束621转换成影像光束201,且这些显示单元组分别与这些微偏折单元组kl〜kl6对应,每一显示单元组中的这些显示单元612分别与对应的一微偏折单元组kl〜kl6中的这些微偏折单元310对应。 The display unit 612 divided into a plurality of display units staggered groups with each other, these groups are the display unit converts the collimated light beam 621 into an image beam 201, and the display units corresponding to these groups are the micro-deflection kl~kl6 cell groups, each the display unit 612, a display unit corresponds to the set corresponding to a deflection of the micro-cell group kl~kl6 of these micro-deflection unit 310, respectively. 具体来说,请参照图5、图7和图9,在本实施例中,显示单元组的排列方式例如相同于图5所绘示的微偏折单元组kl〜kl6的排列方式,而不同的这些显示单元组分别发出不同的该些影像光束201,且这些影像光束201中来自每一显示单元612的部分光束611准直地传递至对应的微偏折单元310。 Specifically, referring to FIG 5, 7 and 9, in the present embodiment, the arrangement of the display unit in the same group, for example, view of a micro deflection means arranged in groups of 5 kl~kl6 embodiment depicted, different these cells display the plurality of image groups emit light beams of different 201, 201 and the image light beams from the beam portion 611 of each display unit 612 is transmitted to the corresponding collimated micro deflection unit 310. 也就是说,请参照图5、图7和图9,在本实施例中,其中一显示单元组中的各显示单元612的排列方式相同于图5所绘示的标示kl的微偏折单元310的排列方式,且所述显示单元组根据对应于一个方向的影像来发出影像光束201,以此类推,其他十五组显示单元组各自根据标不k2〜kl6的其中之一的微偏折单兀310的排列方式排列,并各自根据对应于一个方向的影像来发出影像光束201。 That micro-deflection means, please refer to FIGS. 5, 7 and 9, in the present embodiment, each display cell wherein a display cell group 612 is the same as the arrangement of FIG. 5 labeled kl to the depicted arrangement 310, and the display unit is set to emit a light beam 201 in accordance with an image corresponding to a direction of the image, and so on, the display unit 15 other groups each group according to one of the micro-scale deflection of not k2~kl6 wherein Wu arrangement single arrangement 310, and 201 each to emit a light beam according to an image corresponding to a direction of the image. 更具体来说,本发明的第三实施例中,穿过显示单元组的部分光束611会准直的传递到微偏折单元组kl〜kl6,而所述微偏折单元组kl〜kl6会将所述部分光束611传递至一方向。 More specifically, the third embodiment of the present invention, the partial beam passing through the display cell group 611 is passed to the micro collimated kl~kl6 deflection unit group, and the group of micro-deflection unit will kl~kl6 the portion of the beam 611 is transmitted to a direction. 因此,多个显示单元组与多个微偏折单元组kl〜kl6的搭配可以使多个不同的影像光束201的部分光束611传递至多个不同的方向,而这些方向相对于光轴Il在垂直于光轴Il的方向上的方位角排列于环绕该微偏折阵列300的光轴11的方向上,进而提供良好的立体影像。 Thus, a plurality of display cell groups and a plurality of micro deflection unit group kl~kl6 can mix a plurality of partial light beams of different image beam 201, 611 is transmitted to a plurality of different directions, and the directions perpendicular to the optical axis Il Il azimuth axis in a direction around the optical axis is arranged on the micro-array 300 in the direction of deflection 11, thereby providing a good stereoscopic image. 在本实施例中,这些显示单元组各具有的显示单元612的数目可为相同。 In the present embodiment, the number of display units each having a group of display units 612 may be the same.

[0075] 请参照图5、图7及图8,在本实施例中,这些微偏折单元310中彼此相邻且分别属于不同的微偏折单元组kl〜kl6者分别形成多个偏折单元330,每一偏折单元330具有每一微偏折单元组kl〜kl6中的一个微偏折单元310,每一微偏折单元组kl〜kl6中的这些微偏折单元310彼此相同,且每一偏折单元330中的这些微偏折单元310彼此不相同,但不限于此。 [0075] Referring to FIGS. 5, 7 and 8, in the present embodiment, the micro-deflection unit 310 and adjacent to each other belong to different groups of micro-deflection means are formed by a plurality of deflection respectively kl~kl6 unit 330, each having a deflection unit 330 for each micro-deflecting unit 310 deflects the micro-cell group kl~kl6 in each micro-cell group kl~kl6 deflection of these micro-deflection unit 310 identical to each other, deflection unit 330 and each of these micro-deflection unit 310 are not identical to each other, but is not limited thereto. 在其他实施例中,更可以视需求将每一微偏折单元组kl〜kl6中配置彼此不同的这些微偏折单元310,且每一偏折单元330中的部分这些微偏折单元310可以彼此相同。 In other embodiments, the configuration can also be different depending on the needs of these micro-deflecting unit 310 deflects another kl~kl6 each micro-cell group, and each part of the deflecting unit 330 deflects unit 310 may microstructures identical to each other.

[0076] 请参照图7及图9,在本实施例中,显示单元612例如是显示元件610的次像素,也就例如是红色次像素、绿色次像素或蓝色次像素,且各显示单元组中的这些红色次像素、绿色次像素及蓝色次像素的数量三者相近,而这些红色次像素、绿色次像素及蓝色次像素以一顺序轮流的排列在各显示单元组中。 [0076] Referring to FIGS. 7 and 9, in the present embodiment, the display unit 612, for example, 610 sub-pixel display element, it is, for example red sub-pixel, a green sub-pixel, or a blue sub-pixel, and each display cell the red sub-pixel group, the number of the three sub-pixels and the blue green sub-pixels are similar, these red sub-pixel, green sub-pixel and a blue sub-pixels are arranged in the order of rotation of each display cell group. 也就是说,每一显示单元组的这些次像素所转换出的影像光束201可以组成一个立体影像投射往一方向,而可以让位于所述方向的使用者看至IJ。 That is, each display cell group of sub-pixels in the converted image beam 201 may be composed of a three-dimensional image projected to one direction, and allows the user to see in said direction IJ. 在其他实施例中,显示单元612也可以是显示元件610的像素,其包括多个次像素。 In other embodiments, the display unit 612 may be displayed by the pixel element 610, which comprises a plurality of sub-pixels.

[0077] 请参照图7,在本实施例中,准直光源620例如是准直背光板,其可覆盖全部的这些显示单元612。 [0077] Referring to FIG 7, in the present embodiment, for example, collimated light 620 is collimated backlight, which can cover all of the display units 612.

[0078] 另一方面,请参照图7,在本实施例中,显示装置500还包括感测模块630以及处理单元640。 [0078] On the other hand, referring to FIG 7, in the present embodiment, the display device 500 further comprises a sensing module 630 and a processing unit 640. 感测模块630用以感测使用者在显示装置500旁的影像,处理单元640根据感测模块630所感测到的影像判断出使用者的动作,并输出对应所述动作的指令信号至显示元件610。 The sensing module 630 for sensing a user in the image display apparatus 500 side, the processing unit 640 determines the sensed image sensor module 630 according to the sensed operation of the user, and outputs a corresponding operation command signal to the display element 610. 具体来说,在本实施例中,使用者在显示装置500旁做出特定动作(例如是挥手)感测模块630例如可以感测动态影像,而处理单元640根据此动态影像判断上述使用者例如是挥手的动作、速度及方向,再输出指令信号给显示元件610来改变其输出的影像光束201。 Specifically, in the present embodiment, a specific operation made by the user side display device 500 (e.g., a wave) sensing sensing module 630 may sense, for example, dynamic image, and the processing unit 640 determines based on this motion picture of the user e.g. It is the wave action, speed and direction, and then outputs a command signal to the display element 610 to change its output image beam 201. 也就是说,在本实施例中,使用者可以在不接触显示装置500的前提下,直接通过肢体的动作来操控显示装置500。 That is, in the present embodiment, the user may not contact the premise of the display device 500, directly to manipulate the display apparatus 500 by the action of the limb.

[0079] 图10是本发明的第四实施例中显示装置的示意图。 [0079] FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a display device according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention. 请参照图10,在本实施例中,显示装置700类似于上述第三实施例中的显示装置500,只是其不同之处在于准直光源620包括光源622以及准直透镜624。 Referring to FIG 10, in the present embodiment, the display device 700 is similar to the third embodiment of the device 500, except that it differs in that the collimated light source 620 includes a light source 622 and the collimator lens 624. 光源622用以发出发散光束623,准直透镜624将发散光束623会聚成准直的准直光束621,其中光源622可为点光源,可配置于准直透镜624的焦点位置。 The light source 622 to emit a divergent beam 623, a collimator lens 624 converges the diverging beam 623 into a collimated light beam 621 is collimated, wherein the light source 622 may be a point light source, may be arranged at the focal position of the collimator lens 624. 更具体来说,在本实施例中,准直光源620透过准直透镜624来将发散光束623折射成准直光束621,再将准直光束621提供到显示元件610。 More specifically, in the present embodiment, a collimated light source 620 via the collimator lens 624 to refract the diverging beam 623 into a collimated light beam 621, and then the collimated beam 621 to the display device 610.

[0080] 综上所述,本发明的实施例中所提供的显示装置可以通过影像模块提供多个不同的影像光束,再搭配配置于这些影像光束的传递路径上的微偏折阵列来将相关于不同影像的多个影像光束偏折到多个方向,以使位于不同方向上的使用者可以看到不同的立体影像。 [0080] In summary, embodiments of the display device of the present invention may be provided in a plurality of different modules of the image by the image beam, and then with those disposed on the transmission path of the image beam deflection array of micro-related a plurality of images of different image beam deflection to a plurality of directions, so that the user is located in different directions can see the different stereoscopic images. 也就是使用者环绕本发明的实施例所提供的显示装置移动时,使用者所观看的立体影像会随之改变,进而得到良好的浮空立体影像效果。 I.e. when the user moves the display device surrounded by an embodiment of the present invention there is provided a stereoscopic image viewed by the user will change, and thus to obtain a good stereoscopic image floating effect.

[0081] 虽然本发明已以实施例揭露如上,但是其并非用以限定本发明,任何所属技术领域中普通技术人员,在不脱离本发明的精神和范围内,当可作部分的更改与修饰,因此本发明的保护范围当视权利要求所界定者为准。 [0081] While the invention has been disclosed by the above embodiments, but not intended to limit the present invention, any ordinary skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, when a change may be made to a modified portion , Therefore, the scope of the invention as defined by the following claims and their equivalents.

Claims (18)

  1. 1.一种显示装置,其特征在于,包括: 影像模块,用以提供多个影像光束,其中该些影像光束含有多个不同视角的影像信息;以及微偏折阵列,配置于该些影像光束的传递路径上,该微偏折阵列具有排成阵列的多个微偏折单元,该些微偏折单元分成彼此交错排列的多个微偏折单元组,该些微偏折单元组将该些影像光束偏折至多个方向,该些方向相对于该微偏折阵列的光轴是在垂直于该光轴的方向上的方位角的分布范围占360度的至少一部分。 1. A display device comprising: an image module, for providing a plurality of image beam, wherein the plurality of image beam containing image information of a plurality of different angles; and a micro array deflection, arranged in the plurality of image beam a plurality of micro-units on the transmission path of the deflection, the deflection of the micro-array having arranged in an array, the plurality of micro slightly deflected into a deflection unit cell groups to each other staggered, slightly deflecting the plurality of images means the group beam deflecting to a plurality of directions, the plurality of directions with respect to the optical axis of the micro array deflection azimuthal distribution is accounted for at least a portion of 360 degrees in a direction perpendicular to the optical axis.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的显示装置,其中该影像模块还包括: 微透镜阵列,具有多个排成阵列的微透镜;以及投影模块,具有多个投影单元,以分别发出该些影像光束,其中该微透镜阵列配置于该些影像光束的传递路径上,且位于该投影模块与该微偏折阵列之间,该些微透镜将不同的该些影像光束分别导引至不同的该些微偏折单元组。 The display device according to claim 1, wherein the imaging module further comprises: a microlens array having a plurality of microlenses arranged in an array; and a projection module having a plurality of projection units to emit light beams the plurality of image wherein the microlens array is disposed on the transmission path of the plurality of image beam, and located between the projection module and the array of micro-deflection, the micro lenses respectively guide the plurality of different image beam to the slightly different bias off unit group.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的显示装置,其中该些微偏折单元中彼此相邻且分别属于不同的该些微偏折单元组者分别形成多个偏折单元,每一该偏折单元具有每一该微偏折单元组中的一个微偏折单元,该些影像光束中分别来自该些微透镜的多个部分光束分别被该些微透镜传递至该些偏折单元。 The display device according to claim 2, wherein the slight deflection of adjacent cells to each other and belong to different groups of the micro deflecting means are formed by a plurality of deflector units, each of the deflection units each having a plurality of partial light beams deflection of the micro-cell group a micro deflection unit, the plurality of light beams, respectively, from the image of the micro lens of the micro lens are transmitted to the plurality of the deflection unit.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的显示装置,其中该些投影单元与每一该偏折单元中对应的该些微偏折单元的排列顺序的方向相差180度。 4. The display device of claim 3, wherein the direction of the order of the plurality of projection unit and the slight deflection unit deflecting unit corresponding to each of the 180 degrees.
  5. 5.根据权利要求2所述的显示装置,其中该些投影单元的数量等于该些微偏折单元组的数量。 The display device according to claim 2, wherein the number of units equal to the number of these projection slightly deflecting the cell group.
  6. 6.根据权利要求2所述的显示装置,其中该微透镜阵列及该微偏折阵列之间的距离大于或小于每一该微透镜的焦距。 The display device according to claim 2, wherein a distance between the microlens array and the array of micro-deflection greater or less than the focal length of each of the microlenses.
  7. 7.根据权利要求2所述的显示装置,其特征在于,还包括透镜,其配置于该些影像光束的传递路径上,且位于该微透镜阵列与该投影模块之间。 The display device according to claim 2, characterized in that, further comprising a lens disposed on the transmission path of the plurality of image beam and located between the microlens array and the projection module.
  8. 8.根据权利要求1所述的显示装置,其中该些微偏折单元各为折射式透镜或衍射光栅。 The display device according to claim 1, wherein each of the slight deflection unit is a refractive lens or a diffraction grating.
  9. 9.根据权利要求1所述的显示装置,其特征在于,还包括: 感测模块,用以感测使用者在该显示装置旁的影像;以及处理单元,用以根据该感测模块所感测到的该影像判断出该使用者的动作,并输出对应于该动作的指令信号至该影像模块。 The display device according to claim 1, characterized in that, further comprising: a sensing module for sensing the user image next to the display device; and a processing unit for sensed based on the sensing module Analyzing the image to an operation of the user, and outputs a command signal corresponding to the operation to the image module.
  10. 10.根据权利要求1所述的显示装置,其中该影像模块包括显示元件,具有多个显示单元,该些显示单元分成彼此交错排列的多个显示单元组,不同的该些显示单元组分别发出不同的该些影像光束。 The display device according to claim 1, wherein the image module comprises a display element having a plurality of display units, the plurality of display units display unit into a plurality of groups staggered from each other, the different groups of the plurality of display units emit different from those of the image beam.
  11. 11.根据权利要求10所述的显示装置,其中该些显示单元组分别与该些微偏折单元组对应,每一该显示单元组中的该些显示单元分别与对应的该微偏折单元组中的该些微偏折单元对应,且该些影像光束中来自每一该显示单元的部分光束准直地传递至对应的该微偏折单元。 The micro-cell group 11. The display deflection apparatus according to claim 10, wherein the plurality of display cell groups respectively corresponding to the slight deflection unit group, each of the plurality of the display unit of the display cell group corresponding respectively part of the beam corresponding to the slight deflection unit, and the plurality of light beams from each of the image display unit is transmitted to the corresponding collimated deflection of the micro cell.
  12. 12.根据权利要求11所述的显示装置,其中该些微偏折单元中彼此相邻且分别属于不同的该些微偏折单元组者分别形成多个偏折单元,每一该偏折单元具有每一该微偏折单元组中的一个微偏折单元。 The display device according to claim 11, wherein the slight deflection unit and adjacent to each other belong to different groups of the slight deflection means are formed by a plurality of deflector units, each of the deflection units each having a deflection unit of the micro-deflection of a micro-cell group.
  13. 13.根据权利要求10所述的显示装置,其中该显示单元为该显示元件的像素或次像素。 13. The display apparatus according to claim 10, wherein the display unit for the display pixel or sub-pixel elements.
  14. 14.根据权利要求10所述的显示装置,其中该影像模块还包括准直光源,准直地发出准直光束至该显示元件,且该些显示单元组分别将该准直光束转换成该些影像光束。 The display device according to claim 10, wherein the imaging module further comprises a collimated light source, to emit the collimated light beam collimated display element, the display unit and the plurality of the plurality of groups is converted into the collimated light beam, respectively, image beam.
  15. 15.根据权利要求14所述的显示装置,其中该准直光源是准直背光板,其覆盖全部的该些显示单元。 The display device according to claim 14, wherein the source of collimated light is collimated backlight, which cover all the plurality of display units.
  16. 16.根据权利要求14所述的显示装置,其中该些显示单元组各具有的部分该些显示单元的数目相同。 The display device according to claim 14, wherein the same number of portions each having the plurality of the plurality of groups of the display unit of the display unit.
  17. 17.根据权利要求14所述的显示装置,其中该准直光源包括: 光源,用以发出发散光束;以及准直透镜,将该发散光束会聚成准直的该照明光束。 17. The display apparatus according to claim 14, wherein the collimated light source comprising: a light source for emitting a divergent light beam; and the collimator lens, the divergent beam to converge the collimated illumination beam.
  18. 18.根据权利要求17所述的显示装置,其中该光源为点光源,且配置于该准直透镜的焦点位置。 The display device according to claim 17, wherein the light source is a point light source, and is arranged at the focal position of the collimator lens.
CN 201410525094 2013-10-14 2014-10-08 Display apparatus CN104570576A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201361890335 true 2013-10-14 2013-10-14

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104570576A true true CN104570576A (en) 2015-04-29

Family

ID=53087008

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201410525094 CN104570576A (en) 2013-10-14 2014-10-08 Display apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104570576A (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0597629A1 (en) * 1992-11-11 1994-05-18 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Display
US5392140A (en) * 1992-05-15 1995-02-21 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Optical device with two lens arrays with the second array pitch an integral multiple of the first array pitch
US6710920B1 (en) * 1998-03-27 2004-03-23 Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd Stereoscopic display
CN101331420A (en) * 2005-12-14 2008-12-24 皇家飞利浦电子股份有限公司 Controlling the perceived depth of autostereoscopic display device and method therefor
CN102132193A (en) * 2008-11-19 2011-07-20 株式会社日立制作所 Auto-stereoscopic display
US20120293513A1 (en) * 2011-05-20 2012-11-22 Echostar Technologies L.L.C. Dynamically Configurable 3D Display

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5392140A (en) * 1992-05-15 1995-02-21 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Optical device with two lens arrays with the second array pitch an integral multiple of the first array pitch
EP0597629A1 (en) * 1992-11-11 1994-05-18 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Display
US6710920B1 (en) * 1998-03-27 2004-03-23 Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd Stereoscopic display
CN101331420A (en) * 2005-12-14 2008-12-24 皇家飞利浦电子股份有限公司 Controlling the perceived depth of autostereoscopic display device and method therefor
CN102132193A (en) * 2008-11-19 2011-07-20 株式会社日立制作所 Auto-stereoscopic display
US20120293513A1 (en) * 2011-05-20 2012-11-22 Echostar Technologies L.L.C. Dynamically Configurable 3D Display

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US20050264717A1 (en) Three-dimensional display system and method thereof
US20050117016A1 (en) Autostereoscopic display
US20110157322A1 (en) Controlling a pixel array to support an adaptable light manipulator
JP2006310269A (en) Lighting device emitting at least two illumination light having directivity and display device using it
JP2011164527A (en) Liquid crystal lens and display device
JP2004177709A (en) Stereoscopic picture display device and stereoscopic picture display method
Xia et al. A 360-degree floating 3D display based on light field regeneration
US20110211256A1 (en) 3D image display with binocular disparity and motion parallax
US20120299913A1 (en) Directional flat illuminators
US20110285968A1 (en) Display apparatus for displaying multiple view angle images
CN102096200A (en) Stereoscopic display device and lens array thereof
Liao et al. Improved viewing resolution of integral videography by use of rotated prism sheets
JP2003091045A (en) Lighting optical system and projection type display device
WO2013180725A1 (en) Directional backlight
US20140300960A1 (en) Directional backlight
US20140111856A1 (en) Glasses-free 3d display for multiple viewers using imprinted sub-wavelength gratings
CN203286399U (en) Backlight module and display device
US20120243259A1 (en) Interleaved lighting system for 2d-3d display
US20120236269A1 (en) Display device
CN1584661A (en) Three-dimensional imaging systems
US20080259281A1 (en) Apparatus and method for displaying three-dimensional image
CN102906627A (en) Multi-view display device
US7957061B1 (en) Device with array of tilting microcolumns to display three-dimensional images
US20130169694A1 (en) Display apparatus
US8520062B2 (en) Display apparatus

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
WD01