CN104554629B - Electric side-moving type hatch cover - Google Patents

Electric side-moving type hatch cover Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104554629B
CN104554629B CN201410756549.3A CN201410756549A CN104554629B CN 104554629 B CN104554629 B CN 104554629B CN 201410756549 A CN201410756549 A CN 201410756549A CN 104554629 B CN104554629 B CN 104554629B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hatch
pushing
gear
driving
cover
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CN201410756549.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104554629A (en
Inventor
王能扬
华振兴
周智
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上海德瑞斯华海船用设备有限公司
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Priority to CN201410756549.3A priority Critical patent/CN104554629B/en
Publication of CN104554629A publication Critical patent/CN104554629A/en
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Publication of CN104554629B publication Critical patent/CN104554629B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides an electric side-moving type hatch cover. The electric side-moving type hatch cover comprises two cover plates and a driving device, wherein the cover plates are arranged on a hatch main body in a sliding manner. The driving device comprises a rack, a sector gear and a driving gear, wherein the rack is arranged on an inner side face of the cover plate towards the hatch main body, one end of the sector gear is fixed on the hatch main body in a rotating manner, a gear wheel is arranged at the other end of the sector gear and is arranged at one side of the rack, and the driving gear is fixed on the hatch main body and is arranged at the other side of the rack; when the cover plates are at a jacked-up state, the driving gear and the sector gear are in meshed transmission; when the cover plates transits from the jacked-up state to a translation state, the tail end of the sector gear is overlapped with a start end of the rack, and the driving gear is meshed with the rack instead of the sector gear; when the cover plates are at a translation state, the driving gear and the rack are in meshed transmission. According to the invention, as a driving device is provided, the hatch cover can be not only lifted but also moved laterally, and moreover the electric side-moving type hatch cover has the advantages of whole simple operation system, greatly saved ship space and reduced mounting workload.

Description

Electronic side rolling hatch cover

Technical field

The present invention relates to cargo hold field, particularly to a kind of electronic side rolling hatch cover.

Background technology

In modern cargo hold field, the particularly cargo hold of the medium-and-large-sized bulk freighter of large ship and VLOC, generally this A little cargo holds are equipped with side rolling hatch cover.

Fig. 1 is the top view of conventional trunk lid.Fig. 2 is the enlarged drawing of part A in Fig. 1.As shown in figure 1, in prior art One cargo hatch of middle hatch cover of ship 100 is made up of one piece or two cover plates 110,120.When ship needs handling goods, one The hatch board 100 of individual cargo hatch is moved horizontally to the both sides of ship by driving means 130 respectively and fully opens hatch.Specifically Ground, as shown in Fig. 2 driving means 130 include first gear 131 and tooth bar 132, by motor driven gear wheel 131 and tooth bar 132 Engage each other, thus moving horizontally hatch cover panel 110,120 to both sides.

Due to arranging the device (not shown) such as many sealings, spacing, supporting between hatch board 100 and hatch coaming.So Opening in hatch board 100 initially needs to carry out vertical lifting, so that each connection member disengaging hatch coaming, the four of every piece of cover plate Individual walking roller is given rise to be contacted with rolling wheel guide rails.

Fig. 3 is the side view of conventional trunk lid.Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing of part B in Fig. 3.As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, in hatch Respectively set a lifting device 140 to realize before and after's heave movement before and after lid 100.Wherein, lifting device 140 includes oil cylinder 141 With second gear 142, described second gear 142 is separately mounted to the bottom of cover plate 110,120.Drive by oil cylinder 141 Engagement between two gears 142 and separation, so that hatch board 100 relies on four walking roller (in figures under power drive Do not show) carry out sidesway operation, thus hatch board 100 is opened topside.When hatch board 100 is closed, operation and unlatching are completely On the contrary.

According to said structure it is clear that the operation of traditional side rolling hatch cover completes in two steps, i.e. the liter of hatch board Sink and sidesway.Wherein, the roller lifting device that the heave operation of hatch board 100 relies primarily on located at hatch front and back end to complete, Typically it is made up of complicated linkage and hydraulic test.The sidesway operation of hatch board 100 relies on the drive located at hatch left and right sides Dynamic device 130, to complete, is typically made up of multigroup gear 131, tooth bar 132 and hydraulic motor.This traditional mode of operation relates to And a large amount of mechanical part, hydraulic operation unit and hydraulic power unit, whole operation system bulky complex, take a large amount of decks empty Between, enforcement is installed extremely difficult.In addition, the hyperpressure of hydraulic system frequently results in pipeline and joint oil leak, and then produce goods Damage and the adverse consequencess such as pollution of marine environment.

With the development of shipping industry, the great attention to environmental protection cause of requirement and countries in the world that improves shipbuilding efficiency, Conventional hydraulic type of drive faces crisis of survival.People start to strive to find a kind of mode of operation of environmental protection to replace at present Hydraulic driving mode, then motorized motions mode our visual field is come into the advantage of its simple, reliability and environmental protection.

Content of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to overcome the operation of the driving means of conventional trunk lid in prior art multiple The miscellaneous and defect such as big that takes up room, provides a kind of electronic side rolling hatch cover.

The present invention is to solve above-mentioned technical problem by following technical proposals:A kind of electronic side rolling hatch cover, bag Include two pieces of cover plates being slidably installed on hatch body, and driving means, described driving means are for driving two pieces of described cover plates Folding, its feature is, described driving means include:

Tooth bar, is arranged on described cover plate towards on the medial surface of described hatch body;

Sector gear, its one end rotary type is fixed on described hatch body, and the other end is provided with gear and is located at described tooth The side of bar;

Driving gear, is fixed on described hatch body and is located at the opposite side of described tooth bar;

When described cover plate is in jacking state, described driving gear and described sector gear engage each other transmission;Work as institute When stating cover plate from jacking status transition to translation state, the end of described sector gear is overlapped with the initiating terminal of described tooth bar, institute State driving gear and engage with described tooth bar from engaging to transit to described sector gear;When described cover plate is in translation state, Described driving gear and described tooth bar engaged transmission.

It is preferred that described sector gear is provided with the first pushing mechanism, described cover plate is towards the inner side of described hatch body It is additionally provided with guide post on face,

When described cover plate is in jacking state, described first pushing mechanism and described guide post offset, to described cover plate Horizontal thrust is provided.

It is preferred that one end of described sector gear is fixed on described hatch body by hinge.

It is preferred that described first pushing mechanism is located between described hinge and described driving gear, described first pushing part The product of the thrust that the distance between part and described hinge are produced with described first pushing mechanism is S1, described hinge and described drive Between moving gear, the product of the driving force that distance is subject to described driving gear is S2, and S1 is equal to S2.

It is preferred that being additionally provided with the second pushing mechanism on described sector gear, described second pushing mechanism is near described sector The gear parts of gear;

When described driving gear is engaged with the second from the bottom of described sector gear or the 3rd teeth portion, described second promotion Part is offseted with described guide post;When described driving gear starts to engage with described tooth bar, described second pushing mechanism and institute State guide post to disengage.

It is preferred that described first pushing mechanism is flat roller or cylinder, described second pushing mechanism is flat roller or cylinder.

It is preferred that the thickness of described second pushing mechanism is more than the thickness of described first pushing mechanism.

It is preferred that the thickness of described driving gear is more than the thickness of described tooth bar.

It is preferred that described guide post is perpendicular to described tooth bar.

The positive effect of the present invention is:Motor side rolling hatch cover of the present invention can be both by a set of driving means Realize the heave of hatch board, realize the sidesway of hatch board again.Whole operation simple system, on other regions of hull and hatch board all Do not arrange other power sources, thus substantial saving in hull space and decreasing installation workload.

Brief description

Fig. 1 is the top view of conventional trunk lid.

Fig. 2 is the enlarged drawing of part A in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the side view of conventional trunk lid.

Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing of part B in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is top view under fully closed condition for the marine electric side rolling hatch cover of the present invention.

Fig. 6 is side view under fully closed condition for the marine electric side rolling hatch cover of the present invention.

Fig. 7 is the vertical view of driving means part under fully closed condition for the marine electric side rolling hatch cover of the present invention Figure.

Fig. 8 is the side-looking of driving means part under fully closed condition for the marine electric side rolling hatch cover of the present invention Figure.

Fig. 9 is the top view under translation state for the marine electric side rolling hatch cover jacking of the present invention.

Figure 10 is the side view under translation state for the marine electric side rolling hatch cover jacking of the present invention.

Figure 11 is the vertical view of the driving means part under translation state for the marine electric side rolling hatch cover jacking of the present invention Figure.

Figure 12 is top view under full open position for the marine electric side rolling hatch cover of the present invention.

Figure 13 is side view under full open position for the marine electric side rolling hatch cover of the present invention.

Figure 14 is the vertical view of driving means part under continuous translation state for the marine electric side rolling hatch cover of the present invention Figure.

Specific embodiment

Provide presently preferred embodiments of the present invention below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, to describe technical scheme in detail.

Fig. 5 is top view under fully closed condition for the marine electric side rolling hatch cover of the present invention.Fig. 6 is ship of the present invention With side view under fully closed condition for the electronic side rolling hatch cover.Fig. 7 exists for marine electric side rolling hatch cover of the present invention The top view of the driving means part under fully closed condition.Fig. 8 is closing completely for marine electric side rolling hatch cover of the present invention The side view of the driving means part under conjunction state.

As shown in Fig. 5 to Fig. 8, the electronic side rolling hatch cover of the present invention 200 includes two pieces and is slidably installed on hatch body 300 Cover plate 210,220, and driving means 230,240.Driving means 230,240 are used for driving two cover plates 210,220 herein Folding.Especially, driving means 230,240 include tooth bar 211,221, and it is separately positioned on cover plate 210,220 towards hatch originally On the medial surface of body 300, it is preferably provided at the medial surface center of cover plate 210,220, in cover plate 210,220 translation motion Engage with driving gear 232.

Here driving means 230 are consistent with the structure of driving means 240, therefore in order to describe simplicity, only to driving means 230 are described in detail, and those skilled in the art should be able to know the corresponding construction of driving means 240.

As shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8, driving means 230 also include sector gear 231 and driving gear 232, wherein sector gear 231 one end rotary type is fixed on hatch body 300, and the other end is provided with gear and is located at the side of tooth bar 211, in lid Engage with driving gear 232 when plate 210,220 heave.Preferably, one end of sector gear 231 is fixed on cabin by hinge 235 On mouth body 300.

Meanwhile, driving gear 232 is fixed on hatch body 300 and is located at the opposite side of tooth bar 211.Further, Tooth bar 211,221 is arranged on the center position of cover plate 210,220 so that tooth bar 211,221 is in cover plate 210,220 translation motion Neutralization driving gear 232 engages.

It is further preferred that sector gear 231 is provided with the first pushing mechanism 233, and in cover plate 210 towards hatch body Guide post 212 is additionally provided with 300 medial surface.Guide post 212 is preferably normal to tooth bar 211.So when cover plate 210 is in top During the state of liter, the first pushing mechanism 233 and guide post 212 offset, and provide horizontal thrust to cover plate 210.

Especially, in order to smoothly cover plate 210 jacking be got up, the first pushing mechanism 233 and guide post 212 phase are needed Support and form larger thrust.Therefore, adopt lever former between hinge 235, the first pushing mechanism 233 and driving gear 232 herein Reason.As shown in fig. 7, the distance between hinge 235 and driving gear 232 are L1, between hinge 235 and the first pushing mechanism 233 Distance be L2, and L1 be more than L2, thus can produce the amplification of power, i.e. driving gear at the first pushing mechanism 233 232 power being needed by Motor drive are less, and the power producing at the first pushing mechanism 233 is accordingly larger.

If the product of the thrust that the distance between the first pushing mechanism 233 and hinge 235 are produced with the first pushing mechanism 233 For S1, between hinge 235 and driving gear 232, the product of the driving force that distance is subject to driving gear 232 is S2, then S1 is equal to S2, that is, meet lever principle.Thus can realize, by less driving force, producing larger thrust, effectively achieving power Amplification, thus smoothly cover plate 210 jacking is got up.As can be seen here, set in the position to the first pushing mechanism 233 Timing, the amplification advantageously according to actually required power to determine the distance between the first pushing mechanism 233 and hinge 235.

Further, the second pushing mechanism 234 is additionally provided with sector gear 231 so that the second pushing mechanism 234 is leaned on The gear parts of nearly sector gear 231.So when second from the bottom or the 3rd teeth portion of driving gear 232 and sector gear 231 During engagement, the second pushing mechanism 234 and guide post 212 offset.When driving gear 232 starts to engage with tooth bar 211, second pushes away Dynamic component 234 is disengaged with guide post 212.First pushing mechanism 233 and the second pushing mechanism 234 all can select flat roller or circle The stress of post, wherein flat roller is larger, and the effect of anti-vibration is more preferable, and the cost of cylinder is relatively low.Both can act as to lid Plate provides the effect of horizontal thrust.So under the driving of driving gear 232, sector gear 231 passes through the first pushing mechanism 233 There is provided horizontal thrust for cover plate 210, realize the heave movement of cover plate 210.

In the same manner, under the driving of driving gear 232, sector gear 231 is carried for cover plate 210 by the second pushing mechanism 234 For horizontal thrust, drive the tooth bar 211 of cover plate 210 center in conjunction with driving gear 232, realize the translational motion of cover plate 210.

Furthermore, it is preferred that the thickness of the second pushing mechanism is more than the thickness of described first pushing mechanism, the thickness of driving gear Degree is more than the thickness of described tooth bar, so so that the transmission of power is more steady.

Structure according to Fig. 5 to Fig. 8, the original state of hatch board 200 is that cover plate 210,220 is of completely closed, now Driving gear 232 is engaged with sector gear 231, and the first pushing mechanism 233 is close to guide post 212.When needing to open hatch board 200 When, whole driving means provide power by motor (not shown) by driving gear 232, and driving gear 232 drives sector Wheel 231 rotation, under the horizontal thrust producing, realizes the oblique of cover plate 210 between the first pushing mechanism 233 and guide post 212 Heave.

In the same manner, realize the heave action of cover plate 220 simultaneously.Motor described here is carried by cable by the power system on ship For power source, the control of motor also needs to realize the various actions of driving means by a set of control system.

Fig. 9 is the top view under translation state for the marine electric side rolling hatch cover jacking of the present invention.Figure 10 is the present invention The side view under translation state for the marine electric side rolling hatch cover jacking.Figure 11 is marine electric side rolling hatch cover of the present invention The top view of the driving means part under translation state for the jacking.

As shown in Figures 9 to 11, when the cover plate 210,220 of hatch board 200 is opened to two ends, and cover plate 210,220 is driving When completing heave action under the engagement rotation of moving gear 232 and sector gear 231, cover plate 210,220 needs excessively to translation shape State.Now, the first pushing mechanism 233 and guide post 212 disengage, and the second pushing mechanism 234 and guide post 212 offset.Second Under the horizontal thrust producing between pushing mechanism 234 and guide post 212, driving gear 232 continues to engage with sector gear 231 and turns Dynamic.

When the end 2311 of sector gear 231 is overlapped with the initiating terminal 2111 of tooth bar 211, driving gear 232 from fan The engagement of shape gear 231 transits to and the engaging of tooth bar 211, thus completing hatch board 200 by heave status transition to translating shape State.In whole process, the contact point of driving means 230 and hatch board 200 has three:The first pushing part on sector gear 231 Part 233, the second pushing mechanism 234 and tooth bar 211.

Figure 12 is top view under full open position for the marine electric side rolling hatch cover of the present invention.Figure 13 is the present invention Side view under full open position for the marine electric side rolling hatch cover.Figure 14 is marine electric side rolling hatch cover of the present invention The top view of the driving means part under continuous translation state.

As shown in Figure 13 to Figure 14, driving gear 232 persistently drives tooth bar 211, realizes cover plate 210,220 continuous translation arrive Final full open position.When first tooth of driving gear 232 and tooth bar 211 starts engagement, the second pushing mechanism 234 Disengage with guide post 212, the first pushing mechanism 233 and guide post 212 are completely disengaged, simultaneously drive gear 232 to continue sliding tooth Bar 211, finally realizes cover plate 210,220 and moves to the full open position shown in Figure 14.

Certainly, the hatch board of said structure goes for all kinds of hatch, is particularly suited for the medium-and-large-sized bulk goods of large ship Ship and the cargo hold of VLOC.

In addition, those of ordinary skill in the art can easily appreciate that, process and above-mentioned opening process that hatch board closes On the contrary, therefore repeat no more.

In sum, the electronic side rolling hatch cover of the present invention can rise from closed mode and move to nacelle side or from Opening moves to closed mode and locks.It is characterized in by the same motor being arranged in nacelle, using a set of drive Dynamic device completes heave and two actions of translation of hatch board.All need not arrange on other regions of nacelle and hatch board that other move Power source, thus greatly reducing the amount of parts of hatch board, simplifies installment work on the ship of hatch board, is easy to safeguard, green Colour circle protects and the suitability is wide.

Although the foregoing describing the specific embodiment of the present invention, it will be appreciated by those of skill in the art that these It is merely illustrative of, protection scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims.Those skilled in the art is not carrying on the back On the premise of the principle and essence of the present invention, various changes or modifications can be made to these embodiments, but these changes Each fall within protection scope of the present invention with modification.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of electronic side rolling hatch cover, including two pieces of cover plates being slidably installed on hatch body, and driving means, described drive Dynamic device is used for driving the folding of two pieces of described cover plates it is characterised in that described driving means include:
Tooth bar, is arranged on described cover plate towards on the medial surface of described hatch body;
Sector gear, its one end rotary type is fixed on described hatch body, and the other end is provided with gear and is located at described tooth bar Side;
Driving gear, is fixed on described hatch body and is located at the opposite side of described tooth bar;
When described cover plate is in jacking state, described driving gear and described sector gear engage each other transmission;When described lid When plate is from jacking status transition to translation state, the end of described sector gear is overlapped with the initiating terminal of described tooth bar, described drive Moving gear is engaged with described tooth bar from engaging to transit to described sector gear;When described cover plate is in translation state, described Driving gear and described tooth bar engaged transmission;
Described sector gear is provided with the first pushing mechanism, and described cover plate is additionally provided with towards on the medial surface of described hatch body and leads To bar,
When described cover plate is in jacking state, described first pushing mechanism and described guide post offset, and provide to described cover plate Horizontal thrust;
Second pushing mechanism is additionally provided with described sector gear, described second pushing mechanism is near described sector teeth wheel portion Point;
When described driving gear is engaged with the second from the bottom of described sector gear or the 3rd teeth portion, described second pushing mechanism Offset with described guide post;When described driving gear starts to engage with described tooth bar, described second pushing mechanism is led with described Disengage to bar.
2. as claimed in claim 1 electronic side rolling hatch cover it is characterised in that described sector gear one end pass through hinge It is fixed on described hatch body.
3. as claimed in claim 2 electronic side rolling hatch cover it is characterised in that described first pushing mechanism be located at described hinge Between chain and described driving gear, the distance between described first pushing mechanism and described hinge are produced with described first pushing mechanism The product of raw thrust is S1, the driving force that between described hinge and described driving gear, distance is subject to described driving gear Product is S2, and S1 is equal to S2.
4. as claimed in claim 3 electronic side rolling hatch cover it is characterised in that described first pushing mechanism be flat roller or Cylinder, described second pushing mechanism is flat roller or cylinder.
5. as claimed in claim 3 electronic side rolling hatch cover it is characterised in that the thickness of described second pushing mechanism is more than The thickness of described first pushing mechanism.
6. as claimed in claim 1 electronic side rolling hatch cover it is characterised in that described driving gear thickness be more than described The thickness of tooth bar.
7. as claimed in claim 1 electronic side rolling hatch cover it is characterised in that described guide post is perpendicular to described tooth bar.
CN201410756549.3A 2014-12-10 2014-12-10 Electric side-moving type hatch cover CN104554629B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410756549.3A CN104554629B (en) 2014-12-10 2014-12-10 Electric side-moving type hatch cover

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410756549.3A CN104554629B (en) 2014-12-10 2014-12-10 Electric side-moving type hatch cover

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CN104554629B true CN104554629B (en) 2017-02-22

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105564593A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-05-11 江阴市黄山船舶配件有限公司 Remotely-operated pressure-proof hatch cover achieving double-side rapid opening and closing
CN108005437B (en) * 2017-11-30 2020-10-23 安徽乐库智能停车设备有限公司 Transverse narrow garage
CN107905599B (en) * 2017-11-30 2020-10-23 安徽乐库智能停车设备有限公司 Vehicle moving mechanism for garage
CN108266085B (en) * 2017-12-21 2020-06-12 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 Side window glass sliding opening mechanism

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3708914A (en) * 1970-10-16 1973-01-09 Mac Gregor International Sa Hatch cover drive means
GB1410097A (en) * 1972-06-09 1975-10-15 Navire Cargo Gear Int Ab Hatch cover
GB2036164A (en) * 1978-10-12 1980-06-25 Caillet R Ship's hold hatches
CN2056208U (en) * 1989-06-13 1990-04-18 中国科学院武汉物理所 Automatic opening or closing means for all-mechanical throttle valve
CN101092162A (en) * 2006-06-20 2007-12-26 麦格雷戈(芬兰)有限公司 Actuator mechanism of cargo ship hatch

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS61169388A (en) * 1985-01-23 1986-07-31 Mac Gregor Far East Ltd Closing gear for hatch cover

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3708914A (en) * 1970-10-16 1973-01-09 Mac Gregor International Sa Hatch cover drive means
GB1410097A (en) * 1972-06-09 1975-10-15 Navire Cargo Gear Int Ab Hatch cover
GB2036164A (en) * 1978-10-12 1980-06-25 Caillet R Ship's hold hatches
CN2056208U (en) * 1989-06-13 1990-04-18 中国科学院武汉物理所 Automatic opening or closing means for all-mechanical throttle valve
CN101092162A (en) * 2006-06-20 2007-12-26 麦格雷戈(芬兰)有限公司 Actuator mechanism of cargo ship hatch

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