CN104471239A - Vertical axis wind and hydraulic turbine with flow control - Google Patents

Vertical axis wind and hydraulic turbine with flow control Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104471239A
CN104471239A CN201380038484.2A CN201380038484A CN104471239A CN 104471239 A CN104471239 A CN 104471239A CN 201380038484 A CN201380038484 A CN 201380038484A CN 104471239 A CN104471239 A CN 104471239A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
wind
turbo machine
rotor
force
guide vane
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201380038484.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104471239B (en
Inventor
亨伯特·安东尼奥·鲁比奥
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RUBIO ANA ELISA
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RUBIO ANA ELISA
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to ARP20120102619 priority Critical
Priority to ARP120102619 priority patent/AR087247A1/en
Priority to ARP120103837A priority patent/AR089173A1/en
Priority to ARP20120103837 priority
Application filed by RUBIO ANA ELISA filed Critical RUBIO ANA ELISA
Priority to PCT/IB2013/055839 priority patent/WO2014013432A1/en
Publication of CN104471239A publication Critical patent/CN104471239A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104471239B publication Critical patent/CN104471239B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01DNON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, e.g. STEAM TURBINES
    • F01D1/00Non-positive-displacement machines or engines, e.g. steam turbines
    • F01D1/02Non-positive-displacement machines or engines, e.g. steam turbines with stationary working-fluid guiding means and bladed or like rotor, e.g. multi-bladed impulse steam turbines
    • F01D1/06Non-positive-displacement machines or engines, e.g. steam turbines with stationary working-fluid guiding means and bladed or like rotor, e.g. multi-bladed impulse steam turbines traversed by the working-fluid substantially radially
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01DNON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, e.g. STEAM TURBINES
    • F01D1/00Non-positive-displacement machines or engines, e.g. steam turbines
    • F01D1/02Non-positive-displacement machines or engines, e.g. steam turbines with stationary working-fluid guiding means and bladed or like rotor, e.g. multi-bladed impulse steam turbines
    • F01D1/06Non-positive-displacement machines or engines, e.g. steam turbines with stationary working-fluid guiding means and bladed or like rotor, e.g. multi-bladed impulse steam turbines traversed by the working-fluid substantially radially
    • F01D1/08Non-positive-displacement machines or engines, e.g. steam turbines with stationary working-fluid guiding means and bladed or like rotor, e.g. multi-bladed impulse steam turbines traversed by the working-fluid substantially radially having inward flow
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B17/00Other machines or engines
    • F03B17/06Other machines or engines using liquid flow with predominantly kinetic energy conversion, e.g. of swinging-flap type, "run-of-river", "ultra-low head"
    • F03B17/062Other machines or engines using liquid flow with predominantly kinetic energy conversion, e.g. of swinging-flap type, "run-of-river", "ultra-low head" with rotation axis substantially at right angle to flow direction
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B17/00Other machines or engines
    • F03B17/06Other machines or engines using liquid flow with predominantly kinetic energy conversion, e.g. of swinging-flap type, "run-of-river", "ultra-low head"
    • F03B17/062Other machines or engines using liquid flow with predominantly kinetic energy conversion, e.g. of swinging-flap type, "run-of-river", "ultra-low head" with rotation axis substantially at right angle to flow direction
    • F03B17/063Other machines or engines using liquid flow with predominantly kinetic energy conversion, e.g. of swinging-flap type, "run-of-river", "ultra-low head" with rotation axis substantially at right angle to flow direction the flow engaging parts having no movement relative to the rotor during its rotation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B3/00Machines or engines of reaction type; Parts or details peculiar thereto
    • F03B3/16Stators
    • F03B3/18Stator blades; Guide conduits or vanes, e.g. adjustable
    • F03B3/183Adjustable vanes, e.g. wicket gates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D3/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D3/005Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor  axis vertical
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D3/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D3/04Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor  having stationary wind-guiding means, e.g. with shrouds or channels
    • F03D3/0409Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor  having stationary wind-guiding means, e.g. with shrouds or channels having stationary guiding vanes surrounding the rotor
    • F03D3/0418Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor  having stationary wind-guiding means, e.g. with shrouds or channels having stationary guiding vanes surrounding the rotor the vanes being adjustable
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D3/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D3/04Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor  having stationary wind-guiding means, e.g. with shrouds or channels
    • F03D3/0427Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor  having stationary wind-guiding means, e.g. with shrouds or channels with augmenting action, i.e. the guiding means intercepting an area greater than the effective rotor area
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2210/00Working fluid
    • F05B2210/16Air or water being indistinctly used as working fluid, i.e. the machine can work equally with air or water without any modification
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2220/00Application
    • F05B2220/30Application in turbines
    • F05B2220/32Application in turbines in water turbines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2240/00Components
    • F05B2240/10Stators
    • F05B2240/12Fluid guiding means, e.g. vanes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2240/00Components
    • F05B2240/10Stators
    • F05B2240/13Stators to collect or cause flow towards or away from turbines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2240/00Components
    • F05B2240/20Rotors
    • F05B2240/21Rotors for wind turbines
    • F05B2240/211Rotors for wind turbines with vertical axis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2240/00Components
    • F05B2240/90Mounting on supporting structures or systems
    • F05B2240/91Mounting on supporting structures or systems on a stationary structure
    • F05B2240/915Mounting on supporting structures or systems on a stationary structure which is vertically adjustable
    • F05B2240/9151Mounting on supporting structures or systems on a stationary structure which is vertically adjustable telescopically
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2240/00Components
    • F05B2240/90Mounting on supporting structures or systems
    • F05B2240/91Mounting on supporting structures or systems on a stationary structure
    • F05B2240/915Mounting on supporting structures or systems on a stationary structure which is vertically adjustable
    • F05B2240/9152Mounting on supporting structures or systems on a stationary structure which is vertically adjustable by being hinged
    • F05B2240/91521Mounting on supporting structures or systems on a stationary structure which is vertically adjustable by being hinged at ground level
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2250/00Geometry
    • F05B2250/10Geometry two-dimensional
    • F05B2250/13Geometry two-dimensional trapezial
    • F05B2250/132Geometry two-dimensional trapezial hexagonal
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2250/00Geometry
    • F05B2250/20Geometry three-dimensional
    • F05B2250/22Geometry three-dimensional parallelepipedic
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2270/00Control
    • F05B2270/10Purpose of the control system
    • F05B2270/101Purpose of the control system to control rotational speed (n)
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea, e.g. using wave energy or salinity gradient
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/728Onshore wind turbines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction

Abstract

A vertical axis wind and hydraulic turbine with flow control comprising a regular hexagonal structure of radius R, parallelepiped-shaped, inside which a rotor rotates with three or more vanes on a vertical axis which is located in the center of the hexagon as seen from above, wherein said vanes when rotating generate a circle of radius Rt, further comprising six articulated deflector vanes that grab and concentrate the flow of air or liquid entering the rotor vanes, from the wind or liquid current entry side to the turbine and diffuse the flow of air or liquid exiting from the rotor vanes, from the side opposite to the wind or liquid entry side to the turbine.

Description

The vertical-shaft wind with current control is held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine
Technical field
Disclose a kind of vertical-shaft wind that there is air stream or flow cavitation result according to operating environment to hold concurrently hydraulic turbo machine.
Summary of the invention
When the vertical-shaft wind with current control hold concurrently hydraulic turbo machine work in wind time, air current control by use have the size be associated with rotor blade width hinged guide vane and obtain.Each hinged guide vane comprises movable deflector portion and fixed guide part, and described movable deflector portion and fixed guide part form removable guide vane and stationary guide blades respectively.
It is formed primarily of six groups of removable guide vanes, and each removable guide vane is associated with the fixed guide playing not same-action in the power of fluid (air).
Removable guider is shaped so that the mobile air quality caught is greater than in the mobile air quality not having the situation lower rotor part of described blade to catch, and fluid is directly concentrated than outside wind speed and guided on rotor blade by fixed guide quickly.
Rotor is with force resisting operation; By with resistance and high speed operation, relative to traditional vertical axis turbine, there is empty current-controlled vertical axis wind turbine there is sizable advantage.
When the vertical-shaft wind with current control holds concurrently hydraulic turbo machine when fluid is the liquid pressing operation of water, current control obtains by using the hinged guide vane that is associated with the width of rotor blade of size.Each hinged guide vane comprises movable targeting part and fixed guide part, and described movable targeting part and fixed guide part form removable guide vane and stationary guide blades respectively.
It is formed primarily of six groups of mobile guide blades, and each removable guide vane is associated with the fixed guide playing not same-action in fluid dynamic (in this case, the liquid of such as water).
Removable guider is shaped so that the mobile fluid mass caught is greater than in the mobile air quality not having the situation lower rotor part of described blade to catch, and when turbo machine is hydraulically installed wherein, fluid is directly concentrated than external fluid speed and is guided on rotor blade by fixed guide quickly.
Rotor is with force resisting operation; By with force resisting operation, relative to traditional vertical axis turbine, the vertical axis turbine with current control under fluid power pattern has sizable advantage.
Background technique
about wind turbine:
Sa Woniusi rotor is the vertical axis wind turbine type for wind-force being converted to the moment of torsion on running shaft.They are invented in nineteen twenty-two by Finland engineer Sigurd J. Sa Woniusi.
Sa Woniusi turbo machine is one in the simplest turbo machine.On aerodynamics, they are the drag device or the resistance device that comprise two or three blades.Rotor viewed from top, blade forms S shape.Because curvature, blade is when moving against the wind along its direction, and blade experiences less resistance.This difference impels Sa Woniusi turbo machine to rotate.As drag device, compared with the lift turbo machine of similar size, Sa Woniusi absorbs less wind-force.On the other hand, need not locate along wind-force direction to turbo machine, they are supported turbulent flow better and can start to rotate under low velocity wind.It uses turbo machine the most cheaply and one of the easiest device.
In the prior situation of cost specific efficiency, use Sa Woniusi turbo machine.Such as, most of wind speed counts Sa Woniusi turbo machine (or derivative design), this is because efficiency and its application altogether irrelevant.Many larger Sa Woniusi turbo machines have been used to generate electricity in deep water buoy, and it needs a small amount of power and needs hardly to safeguard.The modal application of Sa Woniusi turbo machine is Flettner ventilator, by seeing that they are used as cooling unit on lorry and bus top.Turbofan is created by German engineer Anton Flettner.Nowadays, Sa Woniusi turbo machine is utilized for little apparatus gradually and provides power.
Da Lie wind turbine is used to the vertical axis wind turbine type from the energy generating of being carried by wind.Turbo machine comprises usually but is not always vertically mounted on the multiple lift surfaces on running shaft or framework.France engineer Georges Jean Marie Darrieus obtains the patent right of this design of wind turbine in 1931.
The tension force of traditional differential system Sa Woniusi and Da Lie turbulization and change on rotor, thus the parasitic capacity and the vibration that cause limiting performance and Systematical control.
U. S. Patent 6,824,349 relate to a kind of rotor operated at low wind speeds, and this rotor comprises: base portion; Rotor frame, it is rotatably supported on base portion so that around vertical shaft movement clockwise; Shield with in order to receive the multiple blade type of wind-force, it is arranged on rotor frame pivotly so that around vertical shaft movement clockwise between the first closed position and the second open position, object of the present invention and U. S. Patent 6,824, essential difference between the object of 349 is, the latter is the direct action equipment without empty air amplifier; It also comprises the moving part bulk-breaking underspeeded with performance in the rotor, and it is exposed to the complex mechanism corroding and wear and tear.In addition, this system is noisy, and the contribution of slow-down to overall performance is little.
U. S. Patent 4,468,169 relate to the wind turbine with high torque adjustment flexible blade, and the wind wheel that this wind turbine is installed by level is formed, and this wind wheel comprises: framework, and it is mounted for rotating around central vertical axis in a horizontal plane; Many auxiliary axis, it is supported for and is rotating on said frame near its periphery place; Blade, it is installed into the one end near every bar auxiliary axis; Multiple blade retainers on framework, it radially-inwardly arranges the rotation with limit blade from axis, each in described auxiliary axis is mounted for rotating near the axis tilted relative to the vertical line of described horizontal plane, consequently, each blade has the preferred predetermined stop position limited from vertical line true dip direction by every bar axis; Object of the present invention and U. S. Patent 4,468, essential difference between the object of 169 is, the latter relates to the direct action equipment without empty air amplifier, it also comprises the moving part bulk-breaking underspeeded with performance in the rotor, it is exposed to the complex mechanism corroding and wear and tear, and system is noisy, and slow-down indicates bad overall performance.
U. S. Patent 7, 083, 382 relate to vertical axis wind turbine, described invention provides main motor to use the energy of liquid stream, this main motor comprises the axle with spin axis, this axle is arranged to rotatably be installed to substructure, this axle comprises at least one arm extended from described Axial and radial, described arm or each arm comprise at least one blade, described blade or each blade are located so that the function influence spin axis at blade upper reaches, wherein said blade or each blade are arranged on arm movably, and wherein, each blade can move to the second place from primary importance, this primary importance provides the first resistance, this second place provides the second resistance, wherein the first resistance is higher than the second resistance.
Compared with the motor of prior art or main turbine, above-mentioned main motor drives in liquid stream, provides the moment of torsion of resistance and the increase roughly reduced to export, but to the object of the invention is relevant essential difference and be, the U.S. 7,083, the wind turbine of 382 is the direct action equipment without empty air amplifier, described booster band underspeeds and many moving part bulk-breakings of performance, it has complicated mechanism, it is exposed to because of the wearing and tearing of corroding and lubrication problem produces, and causes the equipment the noisy of bad overall performance being shown He slowing down.
Spain's application 2,161,650 disclose relates to the system using wind energy, this system comprises the windmill with vertical shaft, described vertical shaft stretches out multiple radial arm, and often pair of arm toward each other, and install with hinge by the end of each in these arms, there is rectangular paddle, this rectangular paddle be vertically arranged in perpendicular to it hinged corresponding radial arm plane on.A pair relative blade keeps static, and it is positioned to make its carrying thrust perpendicular to wind direction and this is to the inclination of blade, limits the angle change of these blades by means of retainer.Each in blade is associated with resetter, and described upper arm is positioned to the arm arrived perpendicular to vane hinge described when thrust stops by this resetter; The present invention and Spain disclose 2,161, essential difference between the object of 650 is, the latter does not have booster or stream concentrator, it has moving part bulk-breaking in the rotor, it has the direct effect mechanism of the rotor adjustment part that band activates on often turning, this direct effect mechanism snow region due to energy loss be unpractiaca, it does not allow when extreme wind to close completely, it has lubrication, noise, bad performance, wearing and tearing, low speed problem, cannot governing speed, its cannot be made completely to stop revising, and low final velocity is provided.
Corresponding to ES 2, 020, Spain's application of 711 openly relates to the running shaft of wind turbine, described wind turbine comprises and will be installed in fixed tower on the ground, set up main shaft vertically, wherein, on the upper end that multiple radial level arm is jointly fixed on this running shaft with isogonism distribution and above tower, each in these radial level arms carries one or more plate or blade, the reception unit of described year one or more plate or the blade-shaped effect of becoming a common practice, its particularity is, described blade the auxiliary lower attachment of vertical hinge axis be hinged to described arm and armor auxiliary under be easy to be affected to be suitable for such arm, between the halftime, wherein, described operating arm obtains wind-force, and between the inoperative halftime, take the layout being parallel to described wind direction, described arm returns against wind direction, the present invention and Spain disclose 2, 020, difference between the object of 711 is, the latter has the direct effect mechanism of the moving part bulk-breaking being with rotor adjustment part and activate on often turning, which demonstrate energy loss and be unpractiaca in region of snowing, do not allow to close completely when there is extreme wind, it also has lubrication, noise, wearing and tearing, bad performance issue, its also not with governing speed and make completely its stop fixing it, and the running shaft of final wind turbine there is low final velocity according to it.
The open ES 2,310,965 of Spain relates to the wind or hydraulic turbo machine that comprise multiple thin vertical wall nozzle, and described multiple thin vertical wall nozzle forms the fixed structure of turbo machine.
In this structure, there is the chute with vertical shaft, this chute is provided with the blade being hinged to arm, and described arm anchors to chute securely, and this chute can adopt the neutral position between maximum and minimal openings, and this depends on the speed entering stream.Use the progressively opening of the blade of corresponding energy automatically to be obtained by the tension device be such as made up of winding drum and hawser completely, the end winding support of this tension device is to its blade and cylinder, and described blade and cylinder are fixed to chute.Radial turbine comprises lid, on the plate that this lid is resisted against the wall of nozzle or binding-beam, described turbo machine can be employed to catch the kinetic energy being in air in motion or water, essential difference between the object that the present invention and Spain disclose 2310965 is, this design is not flowed booster and is comprised removable frame in the rotor, described removable frame produces noise, wearing and tearing, lubrication problem and be exposed to lapping paste, described device provides bad overall performance and much complicated relation on safeguarding for system, because it is movable fixture, this movable fixture is by every transactivation, its structure determines many energy losses, causes in region of snowing unrealistic, does not also allow to close completely when extreme wind.
The open ES 2 of Spain, 149,638 relate to the vertical shaft device of energy for catching, concentrating, guide and use the fluid be in motion, the section be made up of the plane perpendicular to its rotor axis illustrates the outside area of fixed radial vertical surface, this outside area catches the transition zone that it is brought into constant tilt vertical surface by fluid, make this transition zone depart from inner area, wherein, vertical shaft rotor fixed position becomes to be rotated in the direction along fluid impact; The structure general-purpose system of described device, because it can use the water of wind or flowing to rotate to make rotor; Rotor rotates and can be used to produce for the useful electric power of suitable use or mechanical energy, essential difference between the object that the present invention and Spain disclose 2149638 is, this structure is made up of the fixed structure not relating to system itself, it does not comprise generator, because it is made up of the isolated portions of non-structure relation between which, it does not flow and strengthens mechanism, it does not allow to close completely to repair and to expose at the situation lower rotor part of extreme wind, and it is not easy manufacture and need many installing spaces; Its shape does not allow to be arranged in the little space of building or such as flat-bottomed boat, or is used as mancarried device.
US discloses 2008/0007067 and relates to wind turbine, and be closest to object of the present invention prior art, described wind turbine comprises: the support unit with bottom base and outstanding stylolitic part; The rotating cylinder rotatably supported by protuberance; Extend from the center of rotating cylinder with the running shaft along equidirectional; Be arranged in projection to support the upper bearing (metal) of rotating cylinder; Be arranged on lower base portion for supporting the step of rotating cylinder; Along multiple blades that the periphery of rotating cylinder is installed with regular angular interval, according to the position relative to wind direction, described multiple blade outwards opens or closes with the periphery close contact with rotating cylinder relative to rotating cylinder, angle limits device stops each blade to be opened and exceeds predetermined angle, essential difference between the object that the present invention and US disclose 2008/0007067 is, the latter does not have sky air amplifier, and therefore bad air seizure performance is accessible, and system is also exposed to extreme wind.
about hydraulic turbo machine:
In recent years, producing renewable energy sources from natural resources is extremely concerned and that development is very large field.In the middle of form of energy, what can be used for vertical hydraulic turbo machine is wave energy and mobilization force.
Utilizing tide to obtain wave energy, by connecting the alternator system that can be used for generating electricity, thus is electric energy by wave power conversion, how safe and available form of energy.It is renewable energy type, because primary energy is not discharged by using, and it is clean, because do not have solid-state, liquid or gaseous contamination by product generation in energy conversion.But the energy utilizing device of today to obtain and erecting device are so that the relation between the economic environment cost processed prevents the remarkable infiltration of the energy of the type.
Mobilization force relates to the kinetic energy used contained by current.Capture-process is the kinetic energy convertor based on being similar to wind turbine, uses seabed to install in this case.
Hydraulic turbo machine uses through it to produce the turbine hydraulic press of the energy of the fluid in rotary moving transmitted by axle, and mechanical energy is converted to machine or the generator of power by Direct driver, and therefore, it is the critical organ of hydroelectric power plant.
In the middle of known hydraulic turbo machine, one of the most effective hydraulic turbo machine is Pei Erdunshi turbo machine.It is lateral flow, local sucks turbine and working machine.It is formed by taking turns (chute or rotor), and the periphery of wheel is provided with spoon shape portion, and this spoon shape portion is used for changing the energy of the water-spraying impinged upon in spoon shape portion specially.
Pei Erdunshi turbo machine is designed to utilize large-scale low discharge hydraulic jump.Attaching has the hydroelectric power plant of the turbo machine of the type that the long tube being called as pressure duct many times must utilized from the large height conveying fluid usually higher than 200 meters.In the end in pressure duct, be provided to turbo machine by by one or more needle-valve being also referred to as sparger, described needle-valve has form of nozzle to increase the flow rate of clashing into spoon shape portion.Pei Erdunshi turbo machine have need large height difference (hydraulic jump) for by water energy converting electrical energy and lack fluid flow control shortcoming.
James B.Francis have developed Fa Shi water turbine.This is reaction mixed flow turbine.
Fa Shi water turbine is such turbo machine, and it can be designed to jump and the flowing of wide range, can operate in scope from six meters to the altitude ranges of hundreds of rice.This point has made the turbo machine of the type use the most widely in the world together with its high efficiency, is mainly used in being generated electricity by hydroelectric power plant.Fa Shi turbo machine lacks fluid flow and controls.
Turgo turbo machine is the pulsed water turbine being designed to the jump of middle constant gradient.It is researched and developed according to Pei Erdunshi turbo machine modification in 1919 by company Gilkes.
Turgo turbo machine is pulse pattern turbo machine.Hydraulic pressure does not change through turbine bucket at it.The potential energy of water is converted into the kinetic energy at entry nozzle or injector place.Water-spraying is guided to make deflection with reverse to resist at a high speed turbine bucket.The impact produced makes chute turbo machine rotate, and is communicated with by energy with the axis of turbo machine.Finally, water almost noenergy ground out.Turgo turbo machine runner can have the performance more than 90%.
The chute appearance of Turgo looks like the Pei Erdunshi chute be split into two halves.For identical power, Turgo chute diameter is the half of Pei Erdunshi chute and makes to double than speed.Pei Erdunshi chute can deal with larger current because along with water out Pei Erdunshi turbo machine do not disturb adjacent blade.
The ratio speed of Turgo runner is from the speed of Fa Shi turbo machine and Pei Erdunshi turbo machine.One or more nozzle or sparger can be used.The quantity increasing sparger makes the ratio speed of chute increase (for identical turbo machine, the ratio speed of four spout generations is the twice of a spout) with the square root of spout quantity.Turgo turbo machine does not have fluid flow to control.
The open ES 2310965 of above-cited Spain relates to the wind or hydraulic turbo machine that comprise multiple vertical thin wall nozzle, and described multiple vertical thin wall nozzle forms the fixed structure of turbo machine.
In this structure, there is the chute with vertical shaft, this chute is provided with the blade being hinged to arm, and described arm mooring anchor is affixed to chute, and this chute can adopt the neutral position between maximum and minimal openings, and this depends on the speed entering stream.Maximize and use the progressively opening of the blade of corresponding energy automatically to be obtained by the tension device be such as made up of winding drum and hawser, the end winding support of this tension device is to its blade and cylinder, and described blade and cylinder are fixed to chute.Radial turbine comprises lid, and this lid is resisted against on plate in nozzle wall or binding-beam, and described turbo machine can be employed to catch the kinetic energy being in air in motion or water.Essential difference between the object that the present invention and Spain disclose 2310965 is, this design is not flowed booster and comprised removable frame in the rotor, and described removable frame produces vibration, wearing and tearing, lubrication problem; Described device safeguards overall performance and much complicated relation on safeguarding for system provides bad, because it is movable fixture, this movable fixture is by every transactivation; Its structure determines many energy losses, and when safeguarding closedown, it does not allow to close completely yet.
The open ES 2149638 of above-cited Spain relates to the vertical shaft device of energy for catching, concentrating, guide and use the fluid be in motion, the section be made up of the plane perpendicular to its rotor axis illustrates the outside area of fixed radial vertical surface, this outside area catches the transition zone that it is brought into constant tilt vertical surface by fluid, this transition zone is made to depart from inner area, wherein, vertical shaft rotor fixed position becomes to be rotated in the direction along fluid impact; The structure general-purpose system of described device, because it can use the water of wind or flowing to rotate to make rotor; Rotor rotates and can be used to produce for the useful electric power of suitable use or mechanical energy, essential difference between the object that the present invention and Spain disclose 2149638 is, this this structure is made up of the fixed structure not relating to system itself, it does not comprise generator, because it is made up of the isolated portions of non-structure relation between which, it does not flow and strengthens mechanism, it does not allow to close completely to repair and to expose at the situation lower rotor part of extreme wind, and it is not easy manufacture and need many installing spaces; Its shape does not allow to be arranged in the little space of building or such as flat-bottomed boat, or is used as mancarried device.
The open GB 2485574 of patent application relates to the vertical shaft water turbine being arranged on vertical tower inside, this water turbine can be arranged on sea bed or river, rotor has the direct action portion of gamma free flux concentrator, rotor is low performance device, because its tangential velocity equals flow rate, turbulent flow appears at the centre area of rotor, and has energy loss, produce in the signal portion that the adverse current with opposite course may rotate at rotor, and the seizure entrance of blocking tower.Anchor system is in the operation of predetermined depth place, and this makes to change flow depth, and anchoring is unidirectional or only allows unimodal current.
The open GB 2 of patent application, 486,697 relate to power generation device, such as producing the turbo machine of electric power from ripple and river-flow, be included in supporting structure on riverbed or main body, float capacity generator and in order to make the bent axle of Tape movement, this power electric generator has the immediate system without booster, and Insulation Problems is difficult to solution, and there is no automatic route and high running cost, there is expensive supply line together with risk that is damaged and accident.
The open GB 2,486,911 of patent application relates to for the energy-producing method and apparatus of current from flowing, and this system comprises the installation generator supported by the holding unit such as between sea bed and surface water by anchoring; Generator assembly can pass through its vertical axis revolving and the direct action system represented without booster, has low scope flowing positioning, and this produces vortex and turbulent flow, and vortex and turbulent flow reduce the efficiency of cluster engine, and this circulation on the contrary produces parasitic crossing current.
Generator is positioned at below water level, and present isolated and transmission problem, only utilize high-velocity fluid to operate, wherein, the tangential velocity of rotor is similar to liquid flow velocity.
U. S. Patent 3,986,787 relate to river turbo machine, and this turbo machine is being co-axially mounted on the wheel turbo machine on the horizontal axis in main nozzle, and this main nozzle will to be supported in river below the platform of the equipment of carrying generating.Turbine shaft and main nozzle submergence and be positioned to allow the part in river to flow through nozzle and by turbo machine wheel.This turbo machine is differential force operating device and by the main blower that narrows, output stream is accelerated; System is complicated and safeguards expensive, and is exposed to the hole produced because of sludge resistance.Do not improve about performance or increase the stream received by propulsion device, by and large, it is the inefficient and fragility of rotor-support-foundation system, wherein, and can not the adjustment operation degree of depth.Be difficult to anchoring and guidance system, and system is only suitable for way flow.
U. S. Patent 4,104,536 relate to for flowing or the power turbine in river, and this power turbine comprises the elongate cylinder with radial extended blade, each blade has and multiplely axially separates flutter valve on its supporting portion, and described flutter valve opens and closes its corresponding opening.These valves are automatically opened and are made blade enter pressure on the afterbody of ripple or relief valve.It is horizontal axis, and direct action system, without the stream booster of the removable blade of band, also stands not provide the galling not having performance benefit except noisy, because it is positioned at outside the water surface, and the height obtained is minimum.It has the power electric generator being exposed to moisture, is difficult to enter repairing.
U. S. Patent 4,205,943 relate to hydroelectric generator, and wherein, its efficiency improves by providing the unlimited head tower pipe of the outflow end of the periphery of inflow end and the close blade fan turbo machine with close axis.The water produced by blade fan turbo machine sprays the periphery opposing turbo machine being guided in fan blade.This device is adapted to be mounted within the water channel in such as river and ocean especially.The energy loss produced owing to being made water column raise by the direct action of anhydrous flux concentrator, this is complicated low performance systems.It is difficult to location and instability.
U. S. Patent 4; 236,866 relate to the system for obtaining and regulate air or sea or River function, and this system comprises eddy flow transducer; this eddy flow transducer is made up of three concentric rotating main bodies, in three rotating main bodies one any one on blade or column track.Being fixed by roller or other electromagnetic system allows the group around imagination or actual geometrical axis to rotate, it is low performance systems, because it is direct action device, it presents flow turbulence, because it operates in the compact medium of picture, power loses by increasing the volume of the water column of central apparatus.This is if used in water, has insulation and system difficult in maintenance.
U. S. Patent 7,105,942 electricity generating devices relating to the rotating member had for producing mobilization force in water body, this electricity generating device comprises hard-wired floating structure and by the multiple removable generator unit of support structure being subject to flow cavitation result.This uses the angle of rake differential action system with variable curve; Generator, below the water surface, has the risk of moisture and filtration; It has be exposed to erosion can feathering screw propeller, its represents the costliness and frangible mechanism that cannot position oneself.
U. S. Patent 7,471,009 relates to as turbo machine openly with the device from water or empty airflow power generation, and this device comprises at least one to be had with the discal rotor of multiple blades of " hydrofoil " form, locating blade, column storage and generation device.Its representative comprises the differential action system of generator in the end of rotor blade, it uses as hydraulic turbo machine and is costliness and shows bad performance, and it is difficult to isolation, and must mobile whole system when repairing.In water channel, anchoring is complicated and instability; It has the electrical mechanisms being exposed to stream.
U. S. Patent 8,210,805 relate to the turbo machine with the chute be arranged on axle.Chute has the multiple blades that center pillar is taken turns and trailing wheel radially extends be arranged on axle.Blade is welded to wheel center by the end plate on the often end of chute.Water-tight compartment is formed as receiving water by adjacent blade, wheel center and end plate.Water is incorporated in chute to make chute rotate by import.Blade has bending shape, and when the top of import is aimed at another edge of blade, any part of blade does not extend to the below divided in the highest portion of import.This system represents the horizontal shaft turbines that can only use on the water surface; It is not suitable for deep currents, and anchoring is difficult, and location is troublesome, and it is expensive and not automatic.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The hydraulic turbo machine of holding concurrently of the vertical-shaft wind with current control herein can operate and have current control under wind-force or fluid power pattern.
When turbo machine of the present invention operates with wind mode, it is represented by the following drawings 1-12, and hereinafter, it will be called as " having the vertical axis wind turbine of current control ":
Fig. 1 illustrates the top view with empty current-controlled vertical axis wind turbine, wherein, hinged guide vane (1) is shown as to be opened, and has movable part (2) and standing part (3), region corresponding to the upper surface (4) of movable part and lower surface (5), rotor (6), hexagonal structure (7), the rotor radius (Rt) of taking from hexagonal center (8) and hexagonal corresponding radius (R).
Fig. 2: the top view with empty current-controlled vertical axis wind turbine is shown, wherein, the average curvature line (LCM) of the movable part (2) of the hinged guide vane (1) of closedown, hexagonal structure (7), Hexagon radius (R) and hinged guide vane is shown.
Fig. 3: illustrate in an open position in hinged guide vane (1) together with movable part (2) and standing part (3) thereof, together with the circle radius (Rt) that the rotation by rotor blade produces, corresponding to the upper surface (4) of movable part and the region of lower surface (5), upper surface (4) and lower surface (5) have the radius of the radius of curvature (r) being called as leading edge (10), and on the narrowest part of movable part profile, form acute angle, this narrowest part corresponds to the outer end of movable part, and consider the aerofoil profile of movable part, be called as trailing edge (9), show the radius (Rt') of the radius (r') corresponding to the side closest to movable part of standing part (3) and the side closest to rotor corresponding to standing part (3).In the figure, the average curvature line (LCM) of movable part (2) is shown.In the figure, can it is seen that, the final section of rotor near standing part (3) changes its bending direction to allow higher performance when fluid tangentially enters the radius R t produced by the rotation of rotor blade.
Fig. 4: the top view with empty current-controlled vertical axis wind turbine is shown, wherein, show the movable part (2) of the hinged guide vane opened, hexagonal structure (7) is together with hexagonal summit (13), wherein vertical axis is parallel to the central axis of Hexagon (8), and the circumference of outmost dotted line (12) corresponds to the combination of all average curvature lines of six movable parts (2) of the hinged guide vane when hinged guide vane is closed; The locking system of movable part is shown with dotted line, this dotted line can find based on the hexagonal structure formed by the ring part (11) centered by hexagonal central axis (8), it has ridge (14), when, upon rotating, it changes the stress on the angle band (16) of the upper applying power of jut (15), thus causing movable part to be closed, described jut (15) is positioned at the bottom place of six movable parts (2) of hinged guide vane.
Fig. 5 illustrates the top view with empty current-controlled vertical axis wind turbine, in order to better understanding, not shown hexagonal structure, wherein, shown in vertical line to be on the top of figure, the hinged guide vane (1) opened catches together with the wind of its movable part (2) and standing part (3), wherein movable part catches wind from the side that wind comes, and make it impinge upon on standing part (3), be gathered on identical rotor (6), wherein, can it is seen that, along with tangential introduction of air enter the radius having and produced by the rotation of rotor blade, the final section of the close rotor of standing part (3) changes its bending path and direction to allow having higher performance.
Fig. 6: the perspective view that six movable parts of each hinged guide vane are shown.
Fig. 7: the side perspective view that hinged guide vane is shown.
Fig. 8: the perspective view that the hinged guide vane seen from rotor region is shown.
Fig. 9: the side perspective view seen below the regular hexagon structure take parallelepiped shape as the radius of form being R is shown.
Figure 10 illustrates to have the side view of empty current-controlled vertical axis wind turbine together with the system for protecting this vertical axis wind turbine in well; In this case, turbo machine is placed in well, and this system has the device making wind turbine stop and connecting with generator with the axle of wind turbine, there is the bracing strut keeping turbo machine to couch.
Figure 11 illustrates to have the side view of empty current-controlled vertical axis wind turbine together with the system for protecting this vertical axis wind turbine in well; in this case; by having the hydraulic system of telescopic piston, promoted by turbo machine or drop in well, well can cover with fence gate.
Figure 12 illustrates antidetonation module, in order to be attached to ground by having empty current-controlled vertical axis wind turbine or to be connected in mutually stacking more than one having between empty current-controlled vertical axis wind turbine.This module comprises two rings connected by six elastic suspensions, and each vibration damper comprises housing and piston, and it is included in elasticity, hydraulic pressure, the Pneumatic actuator of inner side, such as HI high impact rubber etc.
When the wind-force with current control of the present invention hold concurrently hydraulic turbo machine operate with fluid power pattern time, i by following Fig. 1 ', 2', 3,4,5', 6 to 9 and 10' represent (under fluid power pattern, this remodeling of turbo machine and wind mode share Fig. 3,4,6,7,8 and 9), and hereinafter, it will be called as " the vertical shaft hydraulic turbo machine with current control ":
Fig. 1 ': the top view that the vertical shaft hydraulic turbo machine with liquid flow control is shown, wherein, show the hinged guide vane (1) opened, together with movable part (2) and standing part (3), corresponding to the upper surface (4) of movable part and lower surface (5) region, there is the rotor (6) of 6 blades, described rotor (6) is hollow, hexagonal structure (7), the rotor radius (Rt) taking from hexagonal center (8) and corresponding Hexagon radius (R).Rotor blade is shark fin.
Fig. 2 ': the top view that the vertical shaft hydraulic turbo machine with liquid flow control is shown, wherein, the average curvature line (LCM) of the movable part (2) of the hinged guide vane (1) of closedown, hexagonal structure (7), Hexagon radius (R) and hinged guide vane is shown.It has the hollow rotor of 6 shark fin blades.
Fig. 3: illustrate in an open position in hinged guide vane (1) together with its movable part (2) and standing part (3) thereof, it illustrates the circle radius (Rt) produced by the rotation of rotor blade, corresponding to the upper surface (4) of movable part and the region of lower surface (5), described upper surface (4) and lower surface (5) have the radius of the radius of curvature (r) being called as leading edge (10), and on the narrowest part of movable part profile, form acute angle, this narrowest part corresponds to the outer end of movable part, and consider the aerofoil profile of movable part, be called as trailing edge (9), show the radius (Rt') of the radius (r') corresponding to the side closest to movable part of standing part (3) and the side closest to rotor corresponding to standing part (3).In the figure, the average curvature line (LCM) of movable part (2) is shown.In the final section of the rotor near standing part (3), can observe, it changes its bending path and direction to allow higher performance when fluid tangentially enters the radius produced by the rotation of rotor blade.
Fig. 4: the top view that the vertical axis wind turbine with liquid flow control is shown, wherein, show the movable part (2) of the hinged guide vane opened, hexagonal structure (7) is together with hexagonal summit (13), wherein vertical axis is parallel to the central axis of Hexagon (8), and the circumference of outmost dotted line (12) corresponds to the associating of all average curvature lines of six movable parts (2) of the hinged guide vane when hinged guide vane is closed; The locking system of movable part is shown with dotted line, the hexagonal structure that this dotted line can be formed based on the ring part (11) centered by the axis of hexagonal centre (8) and finding, it has ridge (14), when rotated, it changes angle band (16) upper stress in the upper applying power of jut (15), thus causing movable part to be closed, described jut (15) is positioned at the bottom place of six movable parts (2) of hinged guide vane.
Fig. 5 ': the top view that the vertical shaft hydraulic turbo machine with Fluid control is shown, in order to better understanding, not shown hexagonal structure, wherein, shown in vertical line to be in the top of figure, the hinged guide vane (1) opened catches together with the hydraulic pressure of its movable part (2) and standing part (3), wherein movable part from fluid flow to into side catch whole fluid stream, and making it impinge upon on standing part (3), fluid stream concentrates on hollow rotor (6) by standing part (3).The seizure of the fluid stream of shark fins improved shape on the inside of fin of hollow rotor blade, allows untapped fluid to be escaped by the outside of fin.In addition, can it is seen that, the final section of rotor near standing part (3) changes its bending path and direction and obtains higher performance tangentially to enter the bowlder with the radius produced by the rotor blade rotated at fluid stream.
Fig. 6 illustrates the perspective view of the movable part of six hinged guide vanes with opening, and its axis is introduced into produce rotation.
Fig. 7 illustrates the side perspective view of the hinged guide vane with hole, and its axis enters to produce rotation.
Fig. 8: the hinged guide vane perspective view with opening seen from region trochanterica is shown, its axis enters to produce rotation.In fig. 8, can observe, the final section of the close rotor of standing part changes path and direction and obtains higher performance tangentially to enter the bowlder with the radius produced by the rotation of rotor blade at fluid (liquid).
Fig. 9 illustrates the side perspective view seen below the regular hexagon structure of radius R, parallelepiped shape, and in axis, each inserts in the hole of each hinged guide vane, thus allows hinged guide vane to rotate around described axis.
Figure 10 ': the top view that the vertical shaft hydraulic turbo machine with liquid flow control is shown, wherein, because it has more blade, so 12 shark fin blades hollow rotor (6) have larger size, and in hinged guide vane (1), compared with the vertical shaft hydraulic turbo machine with Fluid control of Fig. 1 ', the size of standing part (3) reduces.
Embodiment
When the wind-force with current control of the present invention hold concurrently hydraulic turbo machine operate under wind mode time, hereinafter, it will be called as " having the vertical axis wind turbine of current control ":
This vertical axis wind turbine with current control receives on rotor blade along its whole length has power and the air of homogeneous, the controlled movable part opened by means of hinged guide vane of hinged guide vane realizes with the standing part be associated, movable part controls the entering of air from any direction, and the standing part be associated at a relatively high speed and concentrated on rotor blade by air equably.
It is R that the vertical axis wind turbine with current control comprises radius, the regular hexagon type structure of parallelepiped shape, inside this Hexagon type structure, there is the rotor of three each and every one blades around vertical axis revolving, this vertical shaft is positioned at hexagonal center when seeing from top to bottom, wherein, described blade produces the circle that radius is Rt when rotated, this vertical axis wind turbine with current control comprises hinged guide vane further, introducing air stream to compensate from the wind approaching side of turbo machine and is gathered in rotor blade by these guide vanes, and the air stream left from rotor blade is spread from the side that the wind approaching side with turbo machine is contrary.
There is the vertical axis wind turbine of current control, it has six hinged guide vanes, described six hinged guide vanes comprise and are included in standing part in regular hexagon structure and another movable part, movable part is arc on its external wall, movable part can around from each summit in six summits in regular hexagon typing rule structure during top view, parallel with rotor axis axis rotates.
The described standing part of hinged guide vane comprises vertical wind turbo machine booster to use the air stream introduced; The described standing part of each blade comprises arc, described arc in the part that standing part is nearest from movable part with the continual curvature of movable part, then change bending path and direction at the final section place near rotor, this change in bending path and direction tangentially enters the bowlder with the radius produced by the rotation of rotor blade at fluid (air) and allows and improve performance.
Air is forced to enter into space between the standing part of two blades, this space narrows on the direction of axis, and by changing bending path in the final section of the standing part near rotor and direction and optimised further, tangentially to enter the bowlder with the radius produced by the rotation of rotor blade realizing higher performance at fluid, make air stream accelerated near rotor, thus obtain energy to provide electric power.
The standing part entering the hinged guide vane at the side place of this system at air body is used as air stream concentrator on rotor blade, and is positioned at air and wanders about as a refugee the hinged guide vane at side place of open system as the air flow diffuser making rotor blade rotate.
On its outer wall, shape is the vertical plate that each movable part in the movable part of six hinged guide vanes of arch comprises laminar construction, the vertical plate of described laminar construction is located along the direction identical with the rotation of rotor, to be used in wind incident on any direction.
The each movable part being parallel to each hinged guide vane of six hinged guide vanes on the axis of rotor axis be arranged in when viewed from above in each fixed point on six summits of Hexagon typing rule structure can rotate around the corresponding axis being parallel to rotor axis at each summit place being positioned at regular hexagon structure, so that when described hinged guide vane is positioned on wind approaching side, be closed in the wind entrance towards rotor between described hinged guide vane and the hinged guide vane of the next one, or so that when described hinged guide vane is positioned on the side contrary with wind approaching side, the wind leaving rotor be closed between described hinged guide vane and the hinged guide vane of the described next one exports.
The described feature with the vertical axis wind turbine of current control is, rotate when making the movable part of each in six of hexagonal system hinged guide vanes so that when being closed in the entrance entering the wind of rotor blade between these six hinged guide vanes and leaving the outlet of wind of blade, the average curvature line of the movable part of each in these six hinged guide vanes produces from the circle (if being attached between hexagonal six summits) during top view with radius R.
The average curvature line of the movable part of each hinged guide vane equals through the centre of the standing part of each hinged guide vane and extends to the arc that radius is the center of the regular hexagon structure of R.This average curvature line equals the arc of 1/6 of the circumference corresponding to radius R, and therefore connecting six lines of curvature will produce the circle of radius R.
Similarly, through the centre of the standing part of each hinged guide vane and to extend to radius be that the arc at the center of the regular hexagon structure of R also equals to correspond to the arc that radius is 1/6 of the circumference of R.
By the size of the standing part according to each hinged guide vane of the size adjustment of rotor, for the stream equaling incident wind, obtain higher or lower spinner velocity, namely, standing part is less and rotor size is larger, and rotor speed is slower, in the same way, standing part is larger and the size of rotor is less, and rotor speed is higher.
And the movable part of hinged guide vane has the profile designed aerodynamically of wing form, this profile has so-called upper surface at an upper portion thereof and have lower surface on bottom.
Be considered as such profile of the movable part of the hinged guide vane of wing, it has the convex-shaped region on the top that is separated by average curvature line and the concave region in lower surface, in convex, district is connected to concave region by the convex semicircle that the radius in the widest part of profile is r, wherein, described radius r is called as the radius of curvature of leading edge, and in the not too wide part of profile, form acute angle, consider aerofoil profile, the not too wide part of described profile is corresponding to the outer end of movable part being called as trailing edge.
The movable part of each blade has and equals the average curvature that radius is 1/6 of the circle of R.
The standing part of hinged guide vane has such profile, the concave regions of the lower surface of the convex region of the top surface of this profile and movable part and the movable part in lower area is continuous, wherein, in the final section of the close rotor of standing part, change bending path and direction, to allow tangentially to enter the bowlder with the radius produced by the rotation of rotor blade at fluid, there is higher performance.The projection on top is changed into recessed by bending change, and similarly, changes over projection by recessed for bottom.
Convex-shaped region is that the spill semicircle of r converges with the concave bottom district of the movable part side on the standing part of hinged guide vane by means of radius, wherein, due to the change of mentioned curvature, r'>r, the spill semicircle that upper concave regions is Rt' by radius is on the rotor side combined with bottom convex region, wherein, Rt'>Rt.
Due to r'>r, so the concavity that the radius on the side of movable part is the semicircle of r' allows movable part to rotate around the corresponding axis being parallel to rotor axis, in the summit of the described corresponding axis being parallel to rotor axis in six summits of this regular hexagon structure, make not rub between the spill that produces at the semicircle by radius being r' and r and convex circle wall generation.
The center of radius to be the center of the spill semicircle of r' and radius the be convex semicircle of r overlaps.
Due to Rt'>Rt, the radius of the standing part of rotor-side is the recessed round wall that the concavity of the semicircle of Rt' allows to produce when rotated that radius is the standing part that the rotor blade of the circle of Rt does not rub on one side of the rotor.
The center superposition of radius to be the center of the semicircle of Rt' and the center of circumference Rt and radius the be regular hexagon structure of R.
Preferably, the hexagonal system without the parallelepiped shape of wall is assembled by being positioned at the pipe of edge, profile or plate, thus does not have sidewall, enters or leave to prevent air where necessary.
According to its size, forming radius is the pipe of the regular hexagon structure of the parallelepiped shape of R, profile or plate by metal or can support that other material any of product needed be made.
Wherein, preferred material is metal, plastics, timber or any materials for constructing and combining.
These same materials can be used in combination, for structure rotor and hinged guide vane.
The rotor with the vertical axis wind turbine of current control comprises three blades, these three blades produce three independences and the different region that is mutually related, wherein, described blade comprises the vertical plate of laminar construction, the vertical plate of described laminar construction along the direction orientation identical with the sense of rotation of rotor, to be used in wind incident on any direction.
In order to revise opening or closing of the movable part of each hinged guide vane, wind turbine described herein has electric, mechanical, the hydraulic pressure or Pneumatic actuator that allow to cut out its movable part, and these devices the high wind of integrity of structural damage will can deposited and use in case.
Electric, mechanical, hydraulic pressure like this or Pneumatic actuator allow to close movable part, and when wind-force exceedes the predetermined speed detected by the windage scale be included in the structure, described device can automatically activated.
In order to protect the integrity of the vertical axis wind turbine with current control, this vertical axis wind turbine has lifting and dropping device, making when there is hurricane or tornado, this vertical axis wind turbine can be hidden in underground.
This system can being closed within the very short time, making when there is hurricane or tornado, this system can be hidden in underground.
In this case, the wind energy being actually the kinetic energy of moving air provides mechanical energy to arrive rotor, this rotor makes the rotor of generator (normally threephase alternator) rotate by mechanical drive system, and this generator converts rotating mechanical energy to electric energy.
Wind-driven generator described herein has some technical characteristicss, and these features allow to use carrys out produce power from the wind of any direction, particularly electricity, and it is installed and structure is simple, its family is used or arbitrarily other use for be desirable.
Rotor blade has laminar construction in vertical position, and has crooked outline in plan view, and described crooked outline is located along sense of rotation, to use the wind from any direction caused by hinged guide vane.
This wind-driven generator tool has the following advantages: need not be located into and make central rotation axis aim at wind direction, but when the movable part that wind incident is arbitrarily hinged guide vane extracts, wind makes rotor blade move.
In order to prevent the infringement to machine when high wind or storm, described device has closes moving vane to form the mechanism not being exposed to the circumference on the surface of wind.
Multiple vertical axis wind turbine with current control can build in modular form, and described module can be mutually stacking or adjacent.
Stacking module can share identical rotor axis, and another advantage is in this case, if hexagonal structure offsets regularly, then this structure can receive the wind strengthening its performance.
Install in seismic region, there is empty current-controlled vertical axis wind turbine and can comprise seismic module, this seismic module allow have empty current-controlled vertical axis wind turbine with between ground or mutually stacking more than one have between empty current-controlled vertical axis wind turbine connect.This module comprises two rings linked by six elastic suspensions, and each vibration damper comprises housing and piston, and it comprises elastic hydraulic, Pneumatic actuator, or such as HI high impact rubber.There is empty current-controlled vertical axis wind turbine mounted on which ring.
Difference compared with vertical shaft wind Force system and advantage
Movable and the stator blade be associated with this system catches the air quality of several times greatly by increasing the direct striking velocity of air quality on rotor blade and transmits its energy.
In order to make air stream homogenize, on blade, applied pressure is more even, thus avoids the stress and the vibration that produce effect power loss, promotes and simplifies its structural design.
With Sa Woniusi system class seemingly, its allows to regulate starting velocity, and by increasing the opening of moving vane, compared with Da Lie system, speed and overall performance increase, this is because it is with resistance and high speed operation, combine the advantage of two kinds of conventional vertical axis wind systems.
In sum, this is a kind of Direct driver and wind turbine at a high speed, and its advantage is as follows:
Maximize the use to wind energy, because carry out vector transfer by increasing the wind speed directly impinging upon rotor blade.
The increase caused because of the narrowing of air outlet slit of the end of the standing part closest to rotor of the hinged guide vane of each in hinged guide vane.
Overall advantage compared with horizontal axis wind system
Utilize the vibration and tired support structure of avoiding material on two or more positions of rotor.
Minimum or minimum sonority.
The use of stack module.
Have skew blade unique rotor, for easier startup and avoid vibration and spurious frequency.
Generator, at ground level place or in underground, has obvious maintenance advantage.Operator works under the height of devoid of risk, and cost is lower.
Lubricating utensil (fuel tank, pump, filter etc.) is at ground level place.
Integral module structural system in the factory allows to carry out fast and the assembling of safety in high mountain or deep-sea etc. with the permanent high wind region in the region being difficult to enter.
Use conventional material (only using resin and stainless steel).
Strong and reliable structure, does not almost have sound and visual impact, and to wild animals and plants, particularly birds do not have aggressiveness.
Safety, can not be departed from by time in the equipment of the blade protection fixed because rotor blade is installed at it, so allow to use in urban area (building, tower etc.).
It is the Unique Device that can design with different heights and length of blade.
Be the structure with hexagonal base, the width of blade adds that stator blade width equals the width of movable blade, can select these parameters according to optimum air dynamics.
Be suitable for the platform on ocean and river, ship, navigation mark etc. use.
Even multidirectionally in turbulent flow fully automatically use wind-force.
Without the simple braking system of wearing and tearing or rub, close moving vane (top view see shutdown system) simply.
Large wind speed range, from minimum 3,000 ms/h to 70,000 ms/h.
Once generation weather alert, system can be closed completely and shut down; Restart is immediately.
The unique wind energy facility used in hurricane region, because it fully can be arranged on underground.
Half-life and low structure and maintenance cost far exceed any wind energy facility of today, by issuing green bond and/or energy bond, allow it to use in the financial plan be associated with its operation.
Allow payable insurance.
When the wind-force with current control of the present invention hold concurrently hydraulic turbo machine operate under fluid power pattern time, hereinafter, it will be called as " having the vertical shaft hydraulic turbo machine of current control ":
This vertical axis wind turbine with liquid flow control receives the fluid stream with power and homogeneous along its whole length on rotor blade, controlled the opening of hinged guide vane realizes by means of moving vane and the stator blade be associated, moving vane controls the entering of liquid from any direction, and the stator blade be associated is at a relatively high speed and equably by fluid adfluxion rotor blade.
It is R that the vertical shaft hydraulic turbo machine with current control comprises radius, the regular hexagon type structure of parallelepiped shape, inside this Hexagon type structure, there is the rotor of three blades around vertical axis revolving, this vertical shaft is positioned at hexagonal center when seeing from top to bottom, wherein, described blade has shark fins shape, and producing radius is when rotated the circle of Rt, this vertical shaft hydraulic turbo machine with current control comprises six hinged guide vanes further, these guide vanes capture from the fluid stream approaching side of turbo machine and assemble the liquid stream entering rotor blade, and the liquid stream left from rotor blade is spread in the side contrary from the liquid stream approaching side with turbo machine.
There is the vertical shaft hydraulic turbo machine of current control, it has six hinged guide vanes, described six hinged guide vanes comprise and are included in standing part in regular hexagon structure and another movable part, movable part is arc on its external wall, and can rotate around from the axis being parallel to rotor axis on each summit in six summits in regular hexagon typing rule structure during top view.
The standing part of hinged guide vane comprises the booster of vertical hydraulic turbo machine to use the fluid stream introduced; The described standing part of each blade comprises arc, and described arc continues with the curvature of the movable part of described blade in the region of closer movable part.The described standing part of hinged guide vane comprises the booster of vertical wind turbo machine to use the air stream introduced; The described standing part of each blade comprises arc, and described arc continues with the curvature of the movable part of described blade on the side that standing part is nearest from movable part, then changes its bending path and direction at the final section place near rotor.
This change in its bending path and direction makes it tangentially enter the bowlder with the radius produced by the rotation of rotor blade at fluid (air) to have higher performance.
The standing part of hinged guide vane has such profile, the concave regions of the lower surface of the convex region of the top surface of this profile and movable part and the movable part in lower area continues, wherein, in the final section of the close rotor of standing part, bending change path and direction, to allow tangentially to enter the bowlder with the radius produced by the rotation of rotor blade at fluid, there is higher performance, change because this is bending, allow to catch the fluid introduced, the fluid introduced is forced to the space entered between two stator blades, this space narrows on the direction of axis, fluid stream is accelerated near rotor, obtain energy to provide electric power.
The standing part entering the hinged guide vane at the side place of system at liquid is used as air stream concentrator on rotor blade, and is positioned at air and wanders about as a refugee the hinged guide vane at side place of open system as the flow diffuser of the liquid making rotor blade rotate.
Each being configured as on its external wall in the movable part of six hinged guide vanes of arch comprises the vertical plate of laminar construction, the vertical plate of described laminar construction along the direction orientation identical with the sense of rotation of rotor, to be used in fluid stream incident on any direction.
The standing part of each in six hinged guide vanes also comprises the vertical plate of laminar construction.
The each movable part of each being parallel to described six the hinged guide vanes on the axis of rotor axis be arranged in when viewed from above on each summit on six summits of regular hexagon structure can rotate around the axis being parallel to rotor axis at each summit place being positioned at regular hexagon structure, so that when described guide vane is positioned on fluid approaching side, be closed in the fluid input towards rotor between described hinged guide vane and the hinged guide vane of the next one, or so that under described hinged guide vane is positioned at the side situation contrary with liquid approaching side, be closed in the fluid output left from rotor between described hinged guide vane and the hinged guide vane of the described next one.
The described feature with the vertical shaft hydraulic turbo machine of current control is, when the movable part of each in corresponding six the hinged guide vanes making hexagonal system rotates, thus when being closed in the fluid input entering rotor between described six guide vanes and leaving the fluid output of rotor, the average curvature line of the movable part of each in six hinged guide vanes is formed from the circle (if being attached between hexagonal six summits) during top view with radius R.
The average curvature line of the movable part of each hinged guide vane equals through the centre of the standing part of each hinged guide vane and extends to the arc that radius is the center of the regular hexagon structure of R.This average curvature line equals to correspond to the arc that radius is 1/6 of the circumference of R.Similarly, through the centre of the standing part of each hinged guide vane and to extend to radius be that the arc at the center of the regular hexagon structure of R also equals to correspond to the arc that radius is 1/6 of the circumference of R.
By the size of the standing part according to each hinged guide vane of the size adjustment of rotor, for the stream equaled into jet body, obtain higher or comparatively low rotor speed, namely, standing part is less and rotor size is larger, and rotor speed is slower, in the same way, standing part is larger and the size of rotor is less, and rotor speed is higher.
Substantially, for the hydraulic turbo machine of the type, be necessary to use the less standing part of hinged guide vane and larger root diameter, the described standing part of each blade comprises such arc, this arc in the part nearest from movable part with the continual curvature of the movable part of described blade, then to change its bending path and direction near the final section place of rotor.
And the movable part of hinged guide vane to have with wing be the profile designed aerodynamically of form, this profile has so-called upper surface at an upper portion thereof and have lower surface on bottom.
Consider such profile of the movable part of the hinged guide vane as wing, it has the convex-shaped region on the top that is separated by average curvature line and the concave region in lower surface, the upper region of convex is connected to concave region by the convex semicircle that the radius in the widest part of profile is r, wherein, described radius r is called as the radius of curvature of leading edge, and in the not too wide part of profile, form acute angle, consider aerofoil profile, the not too wide part of described profile is corresponding to the outer end of movable part being called as trailing edge.
The movable part of each hinged guide vane has average curvature line, described average curvature line equal that radius is the circle of R 1/6, therefore, connecting six lines of curvature, to produce radiuses be the circle of R.
The standing part of hinged guide vane has such profile, the concave regions of the lower surface of the convex region of the top surface of this profile and movable part and the movable part in lower area is continuous, wherein, in the final section of the close rotor of standing part, bending change path and direction, to allow tangentially to enter the bowlder with the radius produced by the rotation of rotor blade at fluid, there is higher performance, change because this is bending, allow to catch the fluid entered, the described fluid entered is forced to the space entered between two stator blades, this space narrows on the direction of axis, fluid stream is accelerated near rotor, obtain energy to provide electric power.
At the standing part closest to the hinged guide vane in the region of movable part, there is such profile: this profile is continuous with the upper surface of the convex region of movable part in upper region, and it is continuous with the concave regions of the lower surface of movable part in lower area, wherein, in the final section of the close rotor of standing part, bending change path and direction, therefore on described standing part, convex-shaped region changes into concave regions, and concave region changes into convex region, by this way, convex-shaped region by radius be r (wherein, the concave region of the side of spill semicircle connection movable part r'>r), and upper concave regions is connect by the lower convex region that radius is the spill semicircle of Rt' and the side of rotor, wherein Rt'>Rt (Rt is the radius of a circle produced by rotor blade).
Because r'>r, so the concavity that the radius of movable part side is the semicircle of r' allows movable part to rotate around the corresponding axis being parallel to rotor axis, in the summit of corresponding axis in six summits of regular hexagon structure, make not rub generation between the spill circle wall and convex circle wall of the semicircle generation by radius being r' and r.
The center of radius to be the center of the spill semicircle of r' and radius the be convex semicircle of r overlaps.
Because Rt'>Rt, thus the radius of the standing part of rotor-side be the semicircle of Rt' concavity allow, when, upon rotating produce radius be the circle of Rt rotor blade not the standing part of friction bowl side spill circle wall.
The center superposition of radius to be the center of the semicircle of Rt' and the center of circumference Rt and radius the be regular hexagon structure of R.
Preferably, the hexagonal system without the parallelepiped shape of wall is assembled by being positioned at the pipe of edge, profile or plate, thus does not have sidewall, enters or leave to prevent air where necessary.
According to its size, forming radius is the pipe of the regular hexagon structure of the parallelepiped shape of R, profile or plate by metal or can support that other material any of product needed be made.
Wherein, preferred material is metal, plastics, timber or any materials for constructing and combining.
These same materials can be used in combination, for structure rotor and hinged guide vane.
The rotor with the vertical shaft hydraulic turbo machine of current control comprises the hollow rotor had more than three blades, wherein, the shape of blade is as shark fins, and there is large-sized axis compared with its blade, the hollow rotor with six blades can be used, it produces the mutually inter-related independent and different region of equal amount, blade comprising described region is made up of the vertical plate with laminar construction, the vertical plate of described laminar construction along the sense of rotation orientation identical with rotor, to use the fluid along any direction incidence.
The blade of rotor shark fins shape comprises triangular shaped, wherein, the leg-of-mutton side not being attached to rotor has convex curvature and concave curvature respectively, water is made to drive rotor in the concave side of blade, and excessive fluid is through convex region, impinge upon (see Fig. 5 ') in the concave regions of next blade.
If necessary, and according to being present in the fluid stream of erecting bed of hydraulic turbo machine, can rotor axis being increased, thus comprise the blade of larger quantity, so that the current control improved.
According to Helmholtz theorem, preferably use hollow rotor, to avoid the dynamic loss of energy clashing into fluid in hydraulic turbo machine of the present invention.
In order to change opening or closing of the movable part of each hinged guide vane, hydraulic turbo machine described herein has electric that isolate, machinery, hydraulic pressure or the Pneumatic actuator that its movable part is closed in permission, and these devices use the strong liquid stream at possibility structural damage in situation.
Electric that isolate, machinery, hydraulic pressure or Pneumatic actuator like this allow to close movable part, and when fluid stream exceedes the speed detected by the velocimeter comprising constant current rate really in the structure, such device can automatically activated.
In order to protect the integrity of the vertical shaft hydraulic turbo machine with current control, this vertical shaft hydraulic turbo machine has lifting and dropping device, and make when stream is in the speed may damaging hydraulic turbo machine, it can be promoted to above the liquid level of liquid.
Can within the very short time shutdown system, thus system promptly can be promoted to above liquid level.
In this case, the fluid power being actually the kinetic energy of streaming flow can provide mechanical energy to rotor, this rotor makes the rotor of generator (being generally threephase alternator) rotate by mechanical drive system, and this generator converts rotating mechanical energy to electric energy.
Hydraulic generator described herein proposes some technical characteristicss, these technical characteristicss can be designed to utilize the advantage from the flow of fluid of any direction, when being installed in river or ocean current, produce power, especially electric power, it is installed and structure is simple, is suitable for using with arbitrary size.
Rotor blade has laminar construction and has the crooked outline being similar to shark fins in planimetric map in vertical position, the direction orientation that described crooked outline edge is identical with sense of rotation, to use the fluid along any direction incidence caused by hinged guide vane.
This hydraulic turbine generator has following advantage: need not be located into the incident direction making central rotation axis alignment liquid, but extracting arbitrarily incident fluid due to the movable part of hinged guide vane, the incident liquid of any direction makes the shark fins type blade of rotor move.
In order to prevent machine from degenerating when extremely weighing liquid stream, being arranged to described device and there is such mechanism, closing moving vane by this mechanism, thus forming the circumference without the surface being exposed to liquid stream.
Multiple vertical axis turbines with current control can be built in modular form, in the structure that described module can be stacked on similar chinampa or be adjacent to stacking in river or sea bed.
When being arranged on such as artificial island, stack module can share identical rotor axis, and in this case, other advantage is, if hexagonal structure offsets regularly, this structure can receive fluid stream, strengthens its performance.
Preferably, the support structure Hexagon housing of turriform shape; Described tower only plays and keeps turbo machine to suspend and stop the effect of infringement rotor blade.Preferably, this tower can be arranged on and can change in nyctitropic mechanism, with optimizing power and adaptation trend.This tower structure allows the trend being obtained different depth by hydraulic turbo machine, makes energy capture maximize output power.This design is suitable for meeting and is provided with the different river of hydraulic turbo machine or the requirement of ocean.
Such as, when keel depth place in the river mouth being arranged on river, hydraulic turbo machine can be high and thin, and maybe when in the shallow region in river being arranged on unnavigability, hydraulic turbo machine can be low and wide.Device for generation of energy is positioned at above and below water tower, thus easily enters to safeguard and to serve.Consider that energy producing unit is positioned at side waterborne, this system presents low-risk to navigation.
In shallow river or river mouth, tower can be arranged on river or sea bed by concrete block, or is arranged in deep water by single pile or tripod structure.
Preferably, tower can form one in the supporting leg of bulkhead wall or the pontoon bridge of anchoring, or alternately hangs certain degree of depth from floating platform.
Tower preferably has symmetrical design, and when being arranged in trend, bidirectional operation allows (on the above-below direction of trend) in the two directions to catch power.
Hydraulic turbo machine described herein can be supported by the floating platform of anchoring, and this floating platform can change the equipment degree of depth to adapt to trend.
In a preferred embodiment, in hydraulic turbo machine of the present invention, generator not in water, thus has the advantage of insulation and maintenance aspect.
Preferably, according in hydraulic turbo machine of the present disclosure, rotor is hollow, in case fluid impinges upon epitrochanterian dynamic loss of energy.
In vortex core, only there is parasitic capacity in streaming flow (gas or fluid); The result of Helmholtz theorem infers " in ideal fluid, in whirlpool center, to there is not any energy loss; Therefore this energy can not be transferred thus use ".Conclude thus, it is more convenient for described hydraulic turbo machine to prove the use of hollow rotor.
Similarly, when producing the stronger water of the ratio air viscosity of less revolution or liquid wherein, the rotor with many plates is preferred.
Preferably, use more than 3 blades, such as the rotor of 6 blades, 10 blades or 12 blades.
Difference compared with vertical shaft hydraulic system and advantage
The movable blade be associated of this equipment and stator blade can catch the liquid quality of several times greatly, and the speed of directly impacting on rotor blade by increasing liquid quality carrys out transmitting energy.
By homogenization fluid stream, be applied to pressure on blade more even, the stress avoiding causing useful horsepower lose and vibration, and promotion and simplify its structural design.
With Sa Woniusi system class seemingly, it allows to regulate starting velocity, and by increasing the opening speed of moving vane, compared with Da Lie system, overall performance increases, because it is with resistance and high speed operation, combines the advantage of conventional vertical axle hydraulic system.
In sum, this is a kind of Direct driver hydraulic turbo machine, and its advantage is as follows:
To the maximum use of water energy, because it carrys out vector transfer by increasing the directly liquid velocity impacted on rotor blade.
The increase caused because of the narrowing of fluid output of the end closest to rotor of the standing part from each in hinged guide vane.
With the overall advantage compared with horizontal axis hydraulic equipment
Utilize the vibration and tired support structure of avoiding material on two or more positions of rotor.
Minimum or minimum vibration.
Stack moduleization uses.
Have skew blade unique rotor, for easier startup and avoid vibration and spurious frequency.
Generator can be thus lifted to above the liquid level of liquid, and has obvious maintenance advantage.Operator is the work of calm strategical vantage point under water, and cost is lower.
Lubricating utensil (groove, pump, filter etc.).
Integral module structural system in the factory allow river or off-lying sea etc. and in being difficult in access areas permanent fluid power stream fast and assemble safely.
Use conventional material (only using resin and stainless steel).
Firm and stable structure, has small voice and visual impact.
Safety, can not depart from because rotor blade is arranged in the equipment protected by stator blade, so allow to use in ocean and river.
It is can according to the fluid power stream being present in erecting bed place, the Unique Device designed with different heights and length of blade.
Be the structure with hexagonal base, the width of blade adds that stator blade width equals the width of movable blade, can select these parameters according to best hydrodynamics.
Be suitable for using on the oceans such as platform, boats and ships, buoy and river.
Even multidirectional fully automatically use fluid power resource in turbulent flow.
Without the simple braking system of wearing and tearing or rub, close moving vane (top view see shutdown system) simply.
Once generation weather alert, system can be closed completely and shut down; Restart is immediately.
Half-life and low structure and maintenance cost far exceed hydraulic equipment arbitrarily of today, by issuing green bond and/or energy bond, allow it to use in the financial plan be associated with its operation.
Allow payable insurance.

Claims (29)

1. a vertical-shaft wind with current control is held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, described wind-force hydraulic turbo machine of holding concurrently comprises the regular hexagon structure that radius is R, parallelepiped shape, inside described regular hexagon structure, the rotor with three or more blades is arranged in when seeing from top to bottom on described hexagonal vertical axis in the heart and rotates, wherein, described blade rotary is to produce the circle that radius is Rt
Described wind-force hydraulic turbo machine of holding concurrently comprises six hinged guide vanes further, described six hinged guide vanes capture from the wind of described turbo machine or liquid stream approaching side and assemble the air or liquid stream that enter described rotor blade, and spread the air or liquid stream that leave from described rotor blade in the side that the wind or liquid approaching side with described turbo machine is contrary.
2. wind-force according to claim 1 is held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, wherein, each hinged guide vane in described six hinged guide vanes comprises standing part and movable part, described standing part is included in described regular hexagon structure, described movable part can around from each summit in six summits in the structure of described regular hexagon type during top view, parallel with rotor axis axis rotates.
3. wind-force according to claim 2 is held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, wherein, each link guide vane in described six link guide vanes comprises the vertical plate of laminar construction, vertical plate orientation on the direction identical with the sense of rotation of described rotor of described laminar construction, to use wind from any direction incidence or fluid stream.
4. wind-force according to claim 3 is held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, wherein, be arranged in when viewed from above on each summit on six summits of described regular hexagon structure, can around the corresponding each summit place of described regular hexagon structure that is positioned to each movable part of each the hinged guide vane in described six the hinged guide vanes on the axis that rotor axis is parallel, the axis parallel with rotor axis rotates, so that when described hinged guide vane is on the wind or liquid approaching side of described turbo machine, be closed in wind or the liquid inlet of the described rotor between described hinged guide vane and the hinged guide vane of the next one, or when the wind of described hinged guide vane and described turbo machine or liquid approaching side contrary, be closed in wind or the liquid outlet of the described rotor between described hinged guide vane and the hinged guide vane of the next one.
5. wind-force according to claim 4 is held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, wherein, the movable part of each the hinged guide vane in corresponding six hinged guide vanes of described hexagonal system rotates so that when being closed in the entrance and exit of the wind of the described rotor blade between described six hinged guide vanes or fluid, the average curvature line of the movable part of each the hinged guide vane in described six hinged guide vanes produce from radius during top view be the circle of R.
6. wind-force according to claim 2 is held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, and wherein, the movable part of each hinged guide vane has and equals the average curvature line that radius is 1/6 of the circle of R.
7. wind-force according to claim 2 is held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, wherein, the average curvature line of the movable part of each hinged guide vane equals through the middle part of the standing part of each hinged guide vane and extends to radius is arc in the heart in the described regular hexagon structure of R.
8. wind-force according to claim 2 is held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, wherein, the movable part of described hinged guide vane has profile aerodynamics being designed to aircraft wing shape, described profile has convex-shaped region on the top and concave region on the lower surface, described convex-shaped region is attached to described concave region in the widest part office of described profile by the convex semicircle that radius is r and forms acute angle at the not too wide part place of described profile, and the not too wide part of described profile corresponds to the outer end of described movable part.
9. wind-force according to claim 2 is held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, wherein, the standing part of described hinged guide vane has such profile: described profile is continuous in the convex region of the upper surface of upper region place and described movable part, and it is continuous in the concave regions of the lower surface of lower area place and described movable part
Wherein, at the final section place of the close described rotor of described standing part, bending path and direction change, and obtain higher performance during tangentially to enter the circumference with the radius produced by the rotation of described rotor blade at fluid,
Wherein, described convex-shaped region is that the spill semicircle of r and the concave region of movable part side connect by radius, wherein r'>r, and described upper concave regions is that the spill semicircle of Rt' and the lower convex region of rotor-side connect by radius, wherein Rt'>Rt, Rt are the radius of a circles produced by the rotation of described rotor blade.
10. the wind-force according to arbitrary aforementioned claim is held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, and wherein, when described turbo machine operates under wind mode, described rotor blade produces be mutually related three independences and different regions.
11. wind-force according to any one in claim 1-9 are held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, and wherein, when operating under fluid power pattern, described rotor has six or more blades.
12. wind-force according to claim 11 are held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, and wherein, when operating under fluid power pattern, described rotor has ten or more blades.
13. wind-force according to claim 11 are held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, and wherein, when operating under fluid power pattern, described rotor has a ten two or more blade.
14. wind-force according to claim 1-13 are held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, wherein, each blade of described rotor comprises the vertical plate of laminar construction, described vertical plate orientation on the direction identical with the sense of rotation of described rotor, to be used in wind incident on any direction or liquid.
15. wind-force according to any one in aforementioned claim are held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, wherein, each hinged guide vane has electric insulation arrangement, hydraulic pressure installation, mechanical device or Pneumatic actuator, allow for the movable part of closing described hinged guide vane, to perform the maintenance of described structure or to use when the high wind of integrity or the high current of described structure may be damaged.
16. wind turbines according to claim 15, wherein, by means of the windage scale be included in described structure, allow the described electric installation of the described movable part of closedown, hydraulic pressure installation, mechanical device or Pneumatic actuator automatically to activated when wind exceedes given speed, or when current exceed the speed determined by the water speed meter be included in described structure, described electric installation, hydraulic pressure installation, mechanical device or Pneumatic actuator can automatically be closed.
17. wind turbines according to any one in aforementioned claim, wherein, described wind turbine has the device for promoting and reduce described structure, make when described wind turbine operates under wind mode, when hurricane and tornado, described wind turbine can be hidden in underground.
18. wind-force according to any one in aforementioned claim are held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, wherein, radius is R, the described regular hexagon structure of parallelepiped shape by managing, section bar or plate construct.
19. wind-force according to claim 15 are held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, and wherein, described pipe, section bar or plate can by metal, plastics, timber, make for the combination of any materials of building or these materials.
20. wind turbines according to any one in aforementioned claim, wherein, described rotor blade and described hinged guide vane can by metal, timber or plastic materials, make for the combination of any materials of building or these materials.
21. wind-force according to any one in aforementioned claim are held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, and wherein, described wind-force hydraulic turbo machine of holding concurrently can be constructed to module, and described module can use in adjacent or mutually stacking mode.
22. wind-force according to any one in aforementioned claim are held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, wherein, when described wind-force hold concurrently hydraulic turbo machine operate under fluid power pattern time, described wind-force hydraulic turbo machine of holding concurrently can be arranged on tower.
23. wind-force according to claim 22 are held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, wherein, when described wind-force hold concurrently hydraulic turbo machine operate under fluid power pattern time, described tower is arranged on riverbed or sea bed by the concrete block in shallow river or river mouth or by the one pole in deep water or tripod structure.
24. wind-force according to claim 21 are held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, wherein, when described wind-force hold concurrently hydraulic turbo machine operate under fluid power pattern time, described wind-force hydraulic turbo machine of holding concurrently can be supported by the floating platform of anchoring, the floating platform of described anchoring can change the degree of depth of equipment, until find suitable stream.
The hydraulic turbo machine 25. the wind-force according to any one in claim 22,23 or 24 is held concurrently, wherein, when described wind-force hold concurrently hydraulic turbo machine operate under fluid power pattern time, generator outside water, thus have maintenance and isolation advantage.
26. wind-force according to any one in claim 11-14 and 22-25 are held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, and wherein, when operating under fluid power pattern, described rotor is hollow, to avoid the dynamic loss of energy impinging upon described epitrochanterian liquid.
27. wind-force according to aforementioned claim are held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, and wherein, when operating under fluid power pattern, the described rotor of hollow has the blade of shark fins type.
28. wind-force according to claim 1-10 and 14-21 are held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, wherein, when operating under wind mode, described turbo machine can comprise antidetonation module further, described antidetonation module allows the empty current-controlled described vertical axis turbine that has operated under wind mode to be connected to ground, or is connected in more than one mutually stacking having between empty current-controlled vertical axis wind turbine.
29. wind-force according to claim 28 are held concurrently hydraulic turbo machine, wherein, when operating under wind mode, described seismic module comprises two rings linked by six elastic suspensions, each vibration damper comprises housing and piston, and described piston comprises such as high impact-resistant rubber or the elastic device in inner side, hydraulic pressure installation, Pneumatic actuator.
CN201380038484.2A 2012-07-19 2013-07-16 Vertical-shaft wind with flow control and hydraulic turbo machine Expired - Fee Related CN104471239B (en)

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ARP20120102619 2012-07-19
ARP120102619 AR087247A1 (en) 2012-07-19 2012-07-19 VERTICAL SHAFT WIND TURBINE WITH AIR FLOW CONTROL
ARP120103837A AR089173A1 (en) 2012-10-15 2012-10-15 VERTICAL SHAFT HYDRAULIC TURBINE WITH LIQUID FLOW CONTROL
ARP20120103837 2012-10-15
PCT/IB2013/055839 WO2014013432A1 (en) 2012-07-19 2013-07-16 Vertical axis wind and hydraulic turbine with flow control

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