US204481A - Improvement in wind-engines - Google Patents

Improvement in wind-engines Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US204481A
US204481A US204481DA US204481A US 204481 A US204481 A US 204481A US 204481D A US204481D A US 204481DA US 204481 A US204481 A US 204481A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
wind
wheel
vanes
deflectors
rods
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US204481A publication Critical patent/US204481A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B3/00Machines or engines of reaction type; Parts or details peculiar thereto
    • F03B3/12Blades; Blade-carrying rotors
    • F03B3/14Rotors having adjustable blades
    • F03B3/145Mechanisms for adjusting the blades
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy

Description

J. W. GLELAND. Wind-Engine.
No. 204.481. Patented June 4,18
WITNESSES N- PETERS. PHOTOUTKOQRAPHER, WASHWGTON- D UNITED STATES PATENT QFFICE.
JOHN W. GLELAND, OF NEVADA, MISSOURI.
IMPROVEMENT IN WIND-ENGINES.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 204,481, dated June 4, 1878; application filed March 1'2, 1878.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, JOHN W. CLELAND, of Nevada, in the county of Vernon and State of Missouri, have invented a new and Improved Windmill, of which the following is a specification:
Figure l is a vertical section taken on line at x in Fig. 2. Fig. 2 is a horizontal section taken on line y y in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a detail view of the governor.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts.
The object of my invention is to provide a compact, simple, and easily-controlled windmill, which will utilize to the fullest extent the power of the wind.
The invention consists in a vertical wheel having curved vanes or blades that are connected with a governor carried by the wheelshaft. It also consists in a number of hinged deflectors that direct the wind upon the vertical wheel.
Referring to the drawing, A B are the top and bottom pieces of the mill-frame, between which are secured the vertical standards 0. These standards are curved slightly in a transverse direction, and to their outer edges the deflectors D are hinged.
The outer edges of these deflectors are connected by rods b, which are jointed together at c, and one of the deflectors is connected with a lever, E, that is pivoted in the lower part B of the mill-frame. By moving this lever all of the deflectors are moved simultaneously.
A vertical wheel, F, is secured to a shaft, G, that is journaled in the top and bottom pieces A B, and passes down any desired distance for the purpose of receiving band or cog wheel, or other means by which to apply the power of the windmill.
The wheel F consists of two disks, I J, secured to the shaft Gr. Between these disks a number of curved blades or vanes, K, are pivoted, the pivots being near the outer edges of the vanes. The outer edges of the vanes are connected together by rods 12, in the same manner as the deflectors D are connected by the rods 1).
Four weighted governor-arms, e, are pivoted to the shaft G, and connected with the inner edges of the curved vanes K by rods f. An increase in the speed of the wheel F results in the raising of the governor-weights by centrifugal force, and, by virtue of the connection of the arms c with the pivoted vanes K, the vanes are turned so as to oifer more or less effective surface to the wind entering between the deflectors.
An annular cup, 9, surrounds the shaft G, and is connected with the governor-arms e by rods h. It is designed to contain weights for varying the speed of the wheel by ofl'ering more or less resistance to the raising of the weighted arms.
The supply of wind to the wheel is controlled by the hinged deflectors, and the wind, on entering the wheel, acts on the outer surface of the vanes on one side of the wheel and upon the inner surface of the vanes on the other side of the wheel. The force of the wind is thus twice utilized.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- 1. In a windmill, the deflectors D, hinged to standards 0, and connected near the outer edges by rods b jointed at c, as and for the purpose described.
2. In a windmill, the curved vanes K, .pivoted near their outer edges between disks I J, and connected by rods b, to operate as and for the purpose set forth.
JOHN W. GLELAND.
Witnesses:
JOHN T. BIRDSEYE, BRON H. MCDONALD.
US204481D Improvement in wind-engines Expired - Lifetime US204481A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US204481A true US204481A (en) 1878-06-04

Family

ID=2273886

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US204481D Expired - Lifetime US204481A (en) Improvement in wind-engines

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US204481A (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4070131A (en) * 1975-01-20 1978-01-24 Grumman Aerospace Corporation Tornado-type wind turbine
US5133637A (en) * 1991-03-22 1992-07-28 Wadsworth William H Vertical axis wind turbine generator
US5463257A (en) * 1993-11-23 1995-10-31 Yea; Ton A. Wind power machine
US5664418A (en) * 1993-11-24 1997-09-09 Walters; Victor Whirl-wind vertical axis wind and water turbine
US20040010519A1 (en) * 2002-07-11 2004-01-15 Sinn Richard P. Rule based data management
US20040061337A1 (en) * 2002-07-31 2004-04-01 Becker William S. Wind turbine device
US7368828B1 (en) * 2006-03-29 2008-05-06 Calhoon Scott W Wind energy system
US7582982B1 (en) 2008-08-27 2009-09-01 Deal Clarence D Omni Directional wind generator
US7615894B1 (en) 2007-05-15 2009-11-10 Deal Clarence D Electric motor with a permanent magnet carrier rotating a sprocket
WO2010078656A1 (en) * 2009-01-09 2010-07-15 Sanders John M Vertical shaft windmill with governor
US20130101398A1 (en) * 2011-10-21 2013-04-25 Loyd Dale Perry Impulse wind machine
US20140023500A1 (en) * 2012-07-19 2014-01-23 Humberto Antonio RUBIO Vertical axis wind and hydraulic turbine with flow control
DE102017120903A1 (en) * 2017-09-11 2019-03-14 Kastel Maschinenbau Gmbh Vertical Wind Turbine
DE102017120901A1 (en) * 2017-09-11 2019-03-14 Kastel Maschinenbau Gmbh Vertical Wind Turbine

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4070131A (en) * 1975-01-20 1978-01-24 Grumman Aerospace Corporation Tornado-type wind turbine
US5133637A (en) * 1991-03-22 1992-07-28 Wadsworth William H Vertical axis wind turbine generator
US5463257A (en) * 1993-11-23 1995-10-31 Yea; Ton A. Wind power machine
US5664418A (en) * 1993-11-24 1997-09-09 Walters; Victor Whirl-wind vertical axis wind and water turbine
US20040010519A1 (en) * 2002-07-11 2004-01-15 Sinn Richard P. Rule based data management
US20040061337A1 (en) * 2002-07-31 2004-04-01 Becker William S. Wind turbine device
US7132760B2 (en) * 2002-07-31 2006-11-07 Becker William S Wind turbine device
US7368828B1 (en) * 2006-03-29 2008-05-06 Calhoon Scott W Wind energy system
US20080150293A1 (en) * 2006-03-29 2008-06-26 Calhoon Scott W Wind energy system
US20090284192A1 (en) * 2007-05-15 2009-11-19 Deal Clarence D Electric motor with a permanent magnet carrier rotating a sprocket
US7615894B1 (en) 2007-05-15 2009-11-10 Deal Clarence D Electric motor with a permanent magnet carrier rotating a sprocket
US7582982B1 (en) 2008-08-27 2009-09-01 Deal Clarence D Omni Directional wind generator
WO2010078656A1 (en) * 2009-01-09 2010-07-15 Sanders John M Vertical shaft windmill with governor
US20130101398A1 (en) * 2011-10-21 2013-04-25 Loyd Dale Perry Impulse wind machine
US8864455B2 (en) * 2011-10-21 2014-10-21 Loyd Dale Perry Impulse wind machine
US20140023500A1 (en) * 2012-07-19 2014-01-23 Humberto Antonio RUBIO Vertical axis wind and hydraulic turbine with flow control
AU2013291592B2 (en) * 2012-07-19 2017-08-03 RUBIO, Ana Elisa Vertical axis wind and hydraulic turbine with flow control
RU2645187C2 (en) * 2012-07-19 2018-02-16 Умберто Антонио РУБИО Vertical-axial wind and hydraulic turbine with flow control
US9938958B2 (en) * 2012-07-19 2018-04-10 Humberto Antonio RUBIO Vertical axis wind and hydraulic turbine with flow control
DE102017120903A1 (en) * 2017-09-11 2019-03-14 Kastel Maschinenbau Gmbh Vertical Wind Turbine
DE102017120901A1 (en) * 2017-09-11 2019-03-14 Kastel Maschinenbau Gmbh Vertical Wind Turbine

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4087196A (en) Apparatus for deriving energy from moving gas streams
US1345022A (en) Air-motor
US299127A (en) Assigmffi of one-half to
US2327841A (en) Propeller fan
US835667A (en) Wind-motor.
US665891A (en) Windmill.
US969587A (en) Wind-motor.
US201400A (en) Improvement in wind-wheels
DE102006019345A1 (en) Wind power plant has encased turbine, and casing formed conical on outer nozzle, and concave shaped upper surface is provided to nozzle insert, where concave formed annular space is formed between outer nozzle and nozzle insert
US94868A (en) Improvement in turbine water-wheels
US84237A (en) Improvement in wind-wheels
US910760A (en) Deflector for electric fans.
US273642A (en) Territory
US964374A (en) Windmill.
US1234405A (en) Windmill.
US252947A (en) Windmill
US1083472A (en) Current-wheel.
US222256A (en) Improvement in windmills
US282122A (en) Windmill
US94641A (en) Improvement in wind-wheels
US971409A (en) Propeller.
US1788307A (en) Turbine impeller
US418877A (en) Windmill-governor
US381679A (en) Joel deveeeux
US1812400A (en) Windmill