CN104467076A - Abandoned direct current electric energy recycling control system based on voltage stabilizing circuit - Google Patents

Abandoned direct current electric energy recycling control system based on voltage stabilizing circuit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104467076A
CN104467076A CN201410642458.7A CN201410642458A CN104467076A CN 104467076 A CN104467076 A CN 104467076A CN 201410642458 A CN201410642458 A CN 201410642458A CN 104467076 A CN104467076 A CN 104467076A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
voltage
voltage stabilizing
stabilizing circuit
circuit
direct current
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410642458.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
时国坚
吴俨
张军
孙继通
陈晨
范效彰
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无锡悟莘科技有限公司
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Application filed by 无锡悟莘科技有限公司 filed Critical 无锡悟莘科技有限公司
Priority to CN201410642458.7A priority Critical patent/CN104467076A/en
Publication of CN104467076A publication Critical patent/CN104467076A/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries

Abstract

The invention discloses an abandoned direct current electric energy recycling control system based on a voltage stabilizing circuit. The abandoned direct current electric energy recycling control system comprises a control circuit module, a voltage input module, the voltage stabilizing circuit and a charging circuit, wherein the voltage input module, the voltage stabilizing circuit and the charging circuit are connected with the control circuit module. The control circuit module comprises a micro-control module, a display unit and a clock unit, wherein the display unit and the clock unit are connected with the micro-control module, and the micro-control module comprises a data processing unit and a control unit. According to the abandoned direct current electric energy recycling control system, the working voltage range is wide, efficiency and adaptability are high, and reliability is good. The problems of waste of the abandoned battery energy and pollution to the environment are effectively solved. An electric energy collecting charger is used for inputting the input power to a device needing to be charged as much as possible, and the charging efficiency of the charger is improved as much as possible. The charging circuit is provided with an alarm unit and a display unit, and the voltage change of the charging circuit can be monitored in real time. The electric energy waste is effectively avoided.

Description

A kind of discarded direct current energy recovery control system based on voltage stabilizing circuit
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of electric energy recovery control system, particularly relate to a kind of discarded direct current energy recovery control system based on voltage stabilizing circuit, belong to electric energy and reclaim field.
Background technology
In recent years, energy shortage problem becomes increasingly conspicuous, and people are while worry lack of energy, surprisingly large to the waste of the energy.The battery that such as various discarded battery, especially remote-controlled toy vehicle use, the half to its energy even useless has just gone out of use, and this not only causes the waste of the energy, more causes the pollution of environment.Thus developing a kind of device collecting various old and useless battery energy has compeled in the representative of lithium ion battery as modern high performance battery, in recent years at notebook computer, communication terminal, new
Energy automobile industry is widely used.At present, the annual production of global lithium ion battery has breached 1,000,000,000, and discarded lithium ion battery needs the process obtaining safety and environmental protection, and containing metals such as cobalt, copper, aluminium in lithium ion battery, has the value of recycling.Be no matter the angle from resource reutilization or the angle of protection of the environment, all need recycling
Waste and old lithium ion battery.
A lot, the method related generally to is as follows for the domestic patented method reclaimed about waste and old lithium ion battery:
(1) cracking and sorting of waste and old lithium ion battery.By the airtight fragmentation of dry type, mode separation of cobalt acid lithium and the carbon dusts such as gravity, magnetic force, wind-force; By being separated with the carbon dust cleaning on Copper Foil by the cobalt acid lithium on aluminium foil by ultrasonic vibration in water, then sieve Copper Foil, aluminium foil, plastics.
(2) Dry recovery waste and old lithium ion battery.Roasting waste and old lithium ion battery, fragmentation, screening, magnetic concentration valuable metal; Organic barrier film and organic adhesion agent in roasting removing waste and old lithium ion battery, then mix by sodium sulphate, the concentrated sulfuric acid roasting of sizing mixing, make cobalt acid lithium generate sulfate soluble in water, then separating and recovering cobalt; By waste and old lithium ion battery mechanical crushing, roasting, obtains the material containing cobalt, copper, aluminium, rewetting method separating and recovering cobalt, copper, aluminium etc.
(3) metal such as wet-leaching Call Provision.The mixed solution leaching cobalt acid lithium of the mixed solution of sulfuric acid, sulfuric acid and sodium thiosulfate, sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide; Extraction separation of cobalt, lithium, copper etc.; Yellow modumite method deironing, oxidation-precipitation method demanganization, carbonic hydroammonium sink chemical method separating and recovering cobalt, lithium, the copper etc. such as cobalt except aluminium, sodium carbonate separating copper, ammonium oxalate.The eyebrows and eyelashes.
Such as application number is the method for a kind of recycling waste lead batteries recycling of " 201310234095.9 ", and its method step is: delivered to by the waste lead accumulator of recovery in hothouse and carry out drying process, make the water evaporates of lead accumulator inside; Dried waste lead accumulator is put in pulper and blends, thing will be blended simultaneously and deliver in screening machine and select scrap lead powder, then be put in desulfurization pond and carry out desulfurization process; Remaining particulate material is delivered in pulverizer again and pulverizes, then deliver in screening machine, the plastic particles screened and hard rubber particulate are recovered to plastics aggregate separation district respectively and hard rubber gathers materials in district.Wherein the desulfurizing agent in desulfurization pond is limestone-gypsum, carries out wet desulphurization, and the desulfurization product of generation is gypsum, can be used as construction material, and lead is also displaced to reclaim simultaneously.Solve the problem of waste lead accumulator contaminated environment, decrease the waste of resource.Although recovery effect is also played in this invention, way of recycling and effect need to be further improved.
And for example application number is the method for a kind of waste and old lithium ion battery comprehensive reutilization of " 201410116605.7 ", belongs to utilization of the recycling of renewable resources field.The method comprises the steps: waste and old lithium ion battery discharge process; Waste and old lithium ion battery is broken into the sheet of diameter 10 ~ 20mm in airtight shear crusher, time broken, spray, is dissolved in spray liquid by the lithium hexafluoro phosphate in waste and old lithium ion battery; By stirring the carbon dust peeling off copper foil surface, and electrolyte being dissolved in spray liquid, then reclaiming carbon dust; Board is sent in sodium hydroxide solution, by stirring the cobalt acid lithium powder peeling off aluminium foil surface, then Call Provision acid lithium powder; By board cleaning, Call Provision acid lithium powder; Be separated and recycled plastic and copper aluminium mixture.The inventive method to carbon dust, cobalt acid lithium powder, copper aluminium mixture and plastics recovery, has certain economic benefit and social benefit by the process implementation of simple, environmental protection.Although recovery effect is also played in this invention, way of recycling and effect need to be further improved.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of discarded direct current energy recovery control system based on voltage stabilizing circuit for the deficiency of background technology, its operating voltage range is wide, efficiency is high, strong adaptability, good reliability, efficiently solve the waste of the waste battery energy and the pollution to environment.
The present invention is for solving the problems of the technologies described above by the following technical solutions:
Based on a discarded direct current energy recovery control system for voltage stabilizing circuit, comprise the voltage input module, voltage stabilizing circuit, the charging circuit that connect successively; Display unit, clock unit that described voltage stabilizing circuit connects a micro-control module and is connected with micro-control module; Voltage signal is inputed to voltage stabilizing circuit by described voltage input module, and voltage stabilizing circuit exports charging circuit to after carrying out voltage stabilizing to voltage signal, and micro-control module by the clock unit setting charging circuit charging interval, and is shown by display unit;
Described voltage stabilizing circuit comprises stabilized voltage power supply chip, first electrochemical capacitor, second electrochemical capacitor, inductance, first resistance, first resistance and diode, the negative pole of described first electrochemical capacitor connects one end of the first resistance and the input of voltage input module respectively, the other end of the second resistance connects the input of stabilized voltage power supply chip, the negative pole of diode connects one end of inductance and the output of stabilized voltage power supply chip respectively, the other end of inductance is connected charging circuit respectively with after the second resistant series, the negative pole of the second electrochemical capacitor, the positive pole of the first electrochemical capacitor, the positive pole of the second electrochemical capacitor, the earth terminal of stabilized voltage power supply chip, the positive pole of diode is connected to ground.
As the further preferred version of a kind of discarded direct current energy recovery control system based on voltage stabilizing circuit of the present invention, the operating voltage interval of described voltage stabilizing circuit is 3V to 40V.
As the further preferred version of a kind of discarded direct current energy recovery control system based on voltage stabilizing circuit of the present invention, described micro-control module is AVR single chip.
As the further preferred version of a kind of discarded direct current energy recovery control system based on voltage stabilizing circuit of the present invention, described voltage stabilizing circuit chip model is MC34063.
As the further preferred version of a kind of discarded direct current energy recovery control system based on voltage stabilizing circuit of the present invention, described display unit is charactron.
The present invention adopts above technical scheme compared with prior art, has following technique effect:
1, operating voltage range of the present invention is wide, and efficiency is high, strong adaptability, good reliability;
2, the waste of the waste battery energy and the pollution to environment is efficiently solved;
3, electricity collection charger is transported in the equipment of required charging large as far as possible for the power of input, and the charge efficiency of charger is improved as far as possible;
4, charging circuit is provided with the monitoring charging circuit voltage change that alarm unit and display unit can be real-time; Effectively avoid waste of energy;
5, charger of the present invention requires low to input voltage, and can energy in the absorption DC power supply of maximum possible, more energy-conservation than general charger.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structure principle chart of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is voltage stabilizing circuit figure of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of discarded direct current energy recovery control system based on voltage stabilizing circuit, comprises the voltage input module, voltage stabilizing circuit, the charging circuit that connect successively; Display unit, clock unit that described voltage stabilizing circuit connects a micro-control module and is connected with micro-control module; Voltage signal is inputed to voltage stabilizing circuit by described voltage input module, and voltage stabilizing circuit exports charging circuit to after carrying out voltage stabilizing to voltage signal, and micro-control module by the clock unit setting charging circuit charging interval, and is shown by display unit.
As shown in Figure 2, described voltage stabilizing circuit comprises stabilized voltage power supply chip, first electrochemical capacitor, second electrochemical capacitor, inductance, first resistance, first resistance and diode, the negative pole of described first electrochemical capacitor connects one end of the first resistance and the input of voltage input module respectively, the other end of the second resistance connects the input of stabilized voltage power supply chip, the negative pole of diode connects one end of inductance and the output of stabilized voltage power supply chip respectively, the other end of inductance is connected charging circuit respectively with after the second resistant series, the negative pole of the second electrochemical capacitor, the positive pole of the first electrochemical capacitor, the positive pole of the second electrochemical capacitor, the earth terminal of stabilized voltage power supply chip, the positive pole of diode is connected to ground.
Wherein, the operating voltage interval of described voltage stabilizing circuit is 3V to 40V, and described micro-control module is AVR single chip, and described voltage stabilizing circuit chip model is MC34063, and described display unit is charactron.
AVR single chip has prefetched instruction function, namely when an execution instruction, in advance next instruction is got into, and call instruction can be performed within a clock cycle; Multiple accumulator type, data processing speed is fast; AVR single chip has 32 general purpose working registers, and being equivalent to has 32 viaducts, can fast passing; Response time is fast.AVR single chip has multiple fixing interrupt vector entry address, can respond interruption fast; AVR single chip power consumption is low.For typical power consumption situation, be 100nA when WDT closes, be more suitable for battery powered application apparatus; Minimum 1.8 V of some devices get final product work; AVR single chip security performance is good.
It is that mobile phone charges at any time that the present invention can be used for people at journey, also can be used for miner's illumination etc.This charger can by the energy transferring of DC power supply in the rechargeable battery of more than 3.6V.Power supply circuits are the voltage stabilizing circuits be made up of MC34063 chip, this chip be a can step-down also can the switching power supply chip of employing PWM regulative mode of booster type, the operating voltage range of MC34063 is 3 ~ 40V.This circuit the voltage that input is come in is carried out voltage stabilizing process reach required voltage value, simultaneously this voltage can also as the operating voltage of single-chip microcomputer and ADC0832, detect the size of electric power output voltage, thus judge whether to charge to battery, and the length of detection time can set according to the needs of user, and by numeral method out.In order to improve the operating efficiency of single-chip microcomputer, dormancy being in single-chip microcomputer and carrying out interrupted detection with work two states.
The core of electricity collection charger is DC power convertor, and the electric energy transfer absorbed from DC power supply is in rechargeable battery.Electricity collection charger is transported in the equipment of required charging large as far as possible for the power of input, and the charge efficiency of charger is improved as far as possible.This charger requires low to input voltage, and can energy in the absorption DC power supply of maximum possible, more energy-conservation than general charger.Power supply circuits are the voltage stabilizing circuits be made up of MC34063 chip, this chip be a can step-down also can the switching power supply chip of employing PWM regulative mode of booster type, the operating voltage range of MC34063 is 3 ~ 40V.This circuit is that the voltage that input is come in is carried out voltage stabilizing process and reaches required voltage value, and this voltage can also as the operating voltage of single-chip microcomputer and ADC0832 simultaneously.
Above embodiment is only and technological thought of the present invention is described, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this, and every technological thought proposed according to the present invention, any change that technical scheme basis is done, all falls within scope.By reference to the accompanying drawings embodiments of the present invention are explained in detail above, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned execution mode, in the ken that those of ordinary skill in the art possess, makes a variety of changes under can also or else departing from the prerequisite of present inventive concept.

Claims (5)

1. based on a discarded direct current energy recovery control system for voltage stabilizing circuit, it is characterized in that: comprise the voltage input module, voltage stabilizing circuit, the charging circuit that connect successively; Display unit, clock unit that described voltage stabilizing circuit connects a micro-control module and is connected with micro-control module; Voltage signal is inputed to voltage stabilizing circuit by described voltage input module, and voltage stabilizing circuit exports charging circuit to after carrying out voltage stabilizing to voltage signal, and micro-control module by the clock unit setting charging circuit charging interval, and is shown by display unit;
Described voltage stabilizing circuit comprises stabilized voltage power supply chip, first electrochemical capacitor, second electrochemical capacitor, inductance, first resistance, first resistance and diode, the negative pole of described first electrochemical capacitor connects one end of the first resistance and the input of voltage input module respectively, the other end of the second resistance connects the input of stabilized voltage power supply chip, the negative pole of diode connects one end of inductance and the output of stabilized voltage power supply chip respectively, the other end of inductance is connected charging circuit respectively with after the second resistant series, the negative pole of the second electrochemical capacitor, the positive pole of the first electrochemical capacitor, the positive pole of the second electrochemical capacitor, the earth terminal of stabilized voltage power supply chip, the positive pole of diode is connected to ground.
2. a kind of discarded direct current energy recovery control system based on voltage stabilizing circuit according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the operating voltage interval of described voltage stabilizing circuit is 3V to 40V.
3. a kind of discarded direct current energy recovery control system based on voltage stabilizing circuit according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described micro-control module is AVR single chip.
4. a kind of discarded direct current energy recovery control system based on voltage stabilizing circuit according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described voltage stabilizing circuit chip model is MC34063.
5. a kind of discarded direct current energy recovery control system based on voltage stabilizing circuit according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described display unit is charactron.
CN201410642458.7A 2014-11-13 2014-11-13 Abandoned direct current electric energy recycling control system based on voltage stabilizing circuit CN104467076A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104734297A (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-06-24 无锡市崇安区科技创业服务中心 Battery charging control device based on voltage-stabilizing circuit
CN104729725A (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-06-24 无锡市崇安区科技创业服务中心 Community environment temperature measurement system based on voltage-stabilizing circuit node power supply
CN104898531A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-09-09 江苏海大印染机械有限公司 Printing and dyeing equipment synchronous control system
CN104947351A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-09-30 江苏海大印染机械有限公司 Printing and dyeing device based on multi-machine synchronization and tension control
CN105091961A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-11-25 无锡市崇安区科技创业服务中心 An electromagnetic flow meter characterized by power supply optimization
CN105743391A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-07-06 苏州合欣美电子科技有限公司 Voltage stabilizer-based miniature thermoelectric generator
CN106404175A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-02-15 南京信息工程大学 Air-sea hyperspectral radiation automatic observation system based on positioning method

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CN102290845A (en) * 2011-08-17 2011-12-21 丁宏 Hybrid power system and control method thereof
CN202918003U (en) * 2012-10-15 2013-05-01 丑瑞华 Charger utilizing used batteries

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CN102290845A (en) * 2011-08-17 2011-12-21 丁宏 Hybrid power system and control method thereof
CN202918003U (en) * 2012-10-15 2013-05-01 丑瑞华 Charger utilizing used batteries

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104734297A (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-06-24 无锡市崇安区科技创业服务中心 Battery charging control device based on voltage-stabilizing circuit
CN104729725A (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-06-24 无锡市崇安区科技创业服务中心 Community environment temperature measurement system based on voltage-stabilizing circuit node power supply
CN105091961A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-11-25 无锡市崇安区科技创业服务中心 An electromagnetic flow meter characterized by power supply optimization
CN104947351A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-09-30 江苏海大印染机械有限公司 Printing and dyeing device based on multi-machine synchronization and tension control
CN104898531A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-09-09 江苏海大印染机械有限公司 Printing and dyeing equipment synchronous control system
CN105743391A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-07-06 苏州合欣美电子科技有限公司 Voltage stabilizer-based miniature thermoelectric generator
CN106404175A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-02-15 南京信息工程大学 Air-sea hyperspectral radiation automatic observation system based on positioning method

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Application publication date: 20150325