CN104453286A - Movable changeable building - Google Patents

Movable changeable building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104453286A
CN104453286A CN201410619857.1A CN201410619857A CN104453286A CN 104453286 A CN104453286 A CN 104453286A CN 201410619857 A CN201410619857 A CN 201410619857A CN 104453286 A CN104453286 A CN 104453286A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
changeable
building
main
chassis
changeable building
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410619857.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104453286B (en
Inventor
张弘
胡安
万涛
王牧洲
任俊宇
陈惠敏
孙筱
吴俐颖
王澜钦
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TONGLU SHUNHUI MACHINERY FACTORY
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TONGLU SHUNHUI MACHINERY FACTORY
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Priority to CN201410619857.1A priority Critical patent/CN104453286B/en
Publication of CN104453286A publication Critical patent/CN104453286A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104453286B publication Critical patent/CN104453286B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H1/00Buildings or groups of buildings for dwelling or office purposes; General layout, e.g. modular co-ordination, staggered storeys small buildings
    • E04H1/12Small buildings or other erections for limited occupation, erected in the open air or arranged in buildings, e.g. kiosks, waiting shelters for bus stops or for filling stations, roofs for railway platforms, watchmens' huts, dressing cubicles
    • E04H1/1205Small buildings erected in the open air
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P3/00Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects
    • B60P3/32Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects comprising living accommodation for people, e.g. caravans, camping, or like vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/343Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport
    • E04B1/34336Structures movable as a whole
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/343Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport
    • E04B1/34336Structures movable as a whole
    • E04B1/34352Base structures or supporting means therefor

Abstract

The invention relates to a movable changeable building which is composed of a function module and a system module. The system module comprises a changeable building structure system, an intelligent mechanical control system, a hidden type inflation heat preservation wall system, a changeable furniture lamp system, and auxiliary systems including a power system, a power consumption system, a water system, an indoor environment control system and a cloud network system. The changeable building structure system is a steel frame structure based on a universal automobile chassis. The changeable building structure system comprises the chassis, a main structure and a changeable component. The main structure and the changeable component are located on the chassis. The changeable component is located outside the main structure. The changeable component is connected with the main structure through a hinge joint and is provided with a hydraulic device, and opening or closing is achieved through the hydraulic device. The movable changeable building has the advantages that the movement flexibility and spatial changeability can be achieved, and the effects of being comfortable, safe, capable of saving energy, environmentally friendly, automatic in control and the like are achieved by optimizing and integrating all the auxiliary systems.

Description

A kind of mobile changeable building
Technical field
The invention belongs to man-made environment Planting Techniques field, particularly relate to a kind of mobile changeable building.
Background technology
Along with social development, outside the basic architecture functions such as traditional safety, comfortableness, durability, the mankind have higher requirement to building, and mobility and changeability are wherein important two.At present, there is case to attempt the movement or variable realizing to a certain extent building, and the case combined both it has not yet been occurred.The characteristic that mobile changeable building shifts because it is flexible and variable comfortable architectural space have broad application prospects: emergency disaster relief, town and country public service are delivered, and the fields such as community service, at home travelling all need a large amount of mobile changeable building.
At present, the mobility of building generally by the modularization of component, can handling or rapid shaping technique, coordinate corresponding lifting machine to be realized.On market, a large amount of container house occurred is Typical examples.But the mobility that this dependence exterior mechanical realizes has shortcomings: construction quality is not high, and human settlement is severe; Need external equipment, instant mobile difficulty; Mobile cost is huge, waste resource etc.
, widely inquiring into though build variable research meanwhile, because relating to many Mechanical course problems, having extensive application in practice not yet at present.In the industry to changeability be confined to indoor separation, particular elements variable, and do not relate to the change in whole building shape and space.
Along with Construction And Machinery, the going deep into of facing Information Science crossing research, the new technology of comprehensive every field, new material, the mobile unstable system of building can realize.And in the New Times, for traditional architecture gives mobile and variable characteristic, not only enriched approach and mode that every profession and trade provides service, also meet the nature that people pursue " freedom ".
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to the deficiency overcoming prior art existence, and provide one to move flexibly and spatially-variable, and integrated by the optimization of every accessory system, make it reach the mobile changeable building of the effects such as comfortable safety, energy-conserving and environment-protective, automatically control.
The object of the invention is to have come by following technical solution, combined by functional module and system module, described system module comprises changeable building structural system, intelligent machine control system, concealed aeration insulating wall system, variable furniture lamp system, and the accessory system of dynamical system, using electricity system, water system, indoor environmental condition control system and cloud network system; Described changeable building structural system is the steel framed structure based on General Motors chassis, changeable building structural system comprises chassis, main structure and variable component, chassis adopts General Motors chassis, main structure and variable component are positioned on chassis, variable component is positioned at main structure outside, variable component is connected with main structure by hinged joint, and with hydraulic means, realizes launching or closing by hydraulic means; This changeable building structural system, concealed aeration insulating wall system, variable furniture lamp system, and dynamical system, using electricity system, water system, indoor environmental condition control system are all connected with intelligent machine control system with the accessory system of cloud network system.
As preferably, described chassis is connected with dynamical system, and be divided into trailed model and type two kinds of power modes voluntarily, trailed model comprises tractor truck type, SUV-pickup type; Type comprises van type voluntarily.
As preferably, described concealed aeration insulating wall system is that it is positioned between the peripheral protective of main structure and variable component for the main structure after launching and variable component provide the body of wall of variable peripheral protective.
As preferably, described intelligent machine control system is the key operation control system changed voluntarily being realized building by mechanical automation.
As preferably, each system in described functional module and system module adopts convenient inserting mode to be connected as a single entity, and has unified specification modulus.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: can move flexibly and spatially-variable, and integrated by the optimization of every accessory system, makes it reach the effect such as comfortable safety, energy-conserving and environment-protective, automatically control.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is mobile changeable building system composition structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic side view of mobile changeable building system operating principle of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the closure state elevation of mobile changeable building system operating principle of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the deployed condition elevation of mobile changeable building system operating principle of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is mobile changeable building system of the present invention behind arrival destination by the schematic diagram of collapsed state to deployed condition.
Fig. 6 is the van type structural representation of mobile changeable building system of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the SUV-pickup type structural representation of mobile changeable building system of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the tractor truck type structural representation of mobile changeable building system of the present invention.
Label in accompanying drawing is respectively: 1, functional module; 2, intelligent machine control system; 3, water system; 4, changeable building structural system; 5, using electricity system; 6, indoor environmental condition control system; 7, concealed aeration insulating wall system; 8, dynamical system; 41, chassis; 42, main structure; 43, variable component; 44, hydraulic means.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, detailed introduction is done to the present invention:
China region is wide, and city and population distribution are seriously uneven, therefore in emergency disaster relief, the equality of public services even field such as tourism development, has the requirement to building mobility.Mobile changeable building monomer meets the Its Relevant Technology Standards of Chinese Highway transport in collapsed state.Be issued to long distance safe transit by corresponding means of transportation in complex road condition condition, Quick is for service.
As shown in accompanying drawing 1 to 4, mobile changeable building of the present invention is combined by functional module 1 and system module, functional module 1 provides the module fundamental space of modular size (as 750mm × 300mm), can realize installing flexibly and replacing, and is converted into different using function.Described system module comprises changeable building structural system 4, intelligent machine control system 2, concealed aeration insulating wall system 7, variable furniture lamp system, and the accessory system of dynamical system 8, using electricity system 5, water system 3, indoor environmental condition control system 6 and cloud network system; Described changeable building structural system 4 is the steel framed structure based on General Motors chassis, changeable building structural system 4 comprises chassis 41, main structure 42 and variable component 43, chassis 41 adopts General Motors chassis, select respective standard model according to mobile changeable building is dissimilar, main structure 42 adopts steel framed structure; Main structure 42 and variable component 43 are positioned on chassis 41, and it is outside that variable component 43 is positioned at main structure 42, and variable component 43 is connected with main structure 42 by hinged joint, and with hydraulic means 44, realize launching or closing by hydraulic means 44; At closure state, hydraulic means 44 shrinks, and variable component 43 is in folding position, and in deployed condition, hydraulic means 44 stretches, and variable component 43 is pushed also fixing to precalculated position.
Wherein, changeable building structural system 4, concealed aeration insulating wall system 7, variable furniture lamp system, and dynamical system 8, using electricity system 5, water system 3, indoor environmental condition control system 6 are all connected with intelligent machine control system with the accessory system of cloud network system; Intelligent machine control system 2 is the key operation control systems changed voluntarily being realized building by mechanical automation.
Wherein, concealed aeration insulating wall system 7 is for the main structure 42 after launching and variable component 43 provide the body of wall of variable peripheral protective, it is positioned between the peripheral protective of main structure 42 and variable component 43, breach tradition " body of wall " concept, utilization lightness, telescopic aerated film technology realize the opening and closing of body of wall, ensure the comfortable stable of indoor environment by the thermal and insulating performance of self.
Wherein, variable furniture lamp system, by regulating accordingly and changing, provides various interior space, meets difference in functionality demand, realizes modularization and installs.
Wherein, water system 3 comprises collecting system and drainage system.Collecting system can realize municipal water, river lake water, the collection of rainwater, purification and storage, and the water resource realized to a certain degree recycles.
Wherein, using electricity system 5 comprises Li Island formula solar photoelectric module, external power supply excuse, battery module.The electric energy that roof electro-optical system produces can be used for Indoor Residential Ecological illumination and electrical equipment energy consumption, can ensure that the Li Island of certain space-time unique runs, can utilize external power supply where necessary simultaneously.
Wherein, indoor environmental condition control system 6, by interior sensor and controller opening and closing blower fan and heat pump work, reaches the automatic control of indoor environment.
Wherein, cloud network system comprises receives information, process and emission system, realizes the two-way real time information intercommunication of building and cloud server.
Described chassis 41 is connected with dynamical system 8, and be divided into trailed model and type two kinds of power modes voluntarily, trailed model comprises tractor truck type (as shown in Figure 8), SUV-pickup type (as shown in Figure 7); Type comprises van type (as shown in Figure 6) voluntarily, realizes being connected with the quick of dynamical system 8.
Each system in described functional module 1 and system module adopts convenient inserting mode to be connected as a single entity, and has unified specification modulus, can realize plug and play, upgrade fast.
Operating principle of the present invention is: as shown in Figure 5, and mobile changeable building system controls changeable building structural system 4 by intelligent machine control system 2 and concealed aeration insulating wall system 7 launches, and forms the architectural space of expansion fast.Its job step is, 1 collapsed state, 2 launches bilateral base plate, 3 expansion bilateral top boards, 4 launch other components, 5 aeration insulating walls partly fall, 6 aeration insulating walls fall entirely.Arrive after stablizing deployed condition, the equipment such as using electricity system 5, water system 3 can realize Li Island and run, and indoor environmental condition control system 6 realizes indoor temperature and humidity Intelligent adjustment, and cloud network system provides cloud network to connect.
Be understandable that, for a person skilled in the art, technical scheme of the present invention and inventive concept be equal to and replace or change the protection domain that all should belong to the claim appended by the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a mobile changeable building, it is characterized in that: combined by functional module (1) and system module, described system module comprises changeable building structural system (4), intelligent machine control system (2), concealed aeration insulating wall system (7), variable furniture lamp system, and the accessory system of dynamical system (8), using electricity system (5), water system (3), indoor environmental condition control system (6) and cloud network system, described changeable building structural system (4) is the steel framed structure based on General Motors chassis, changeable building structural system (4) comprises chassis (41), main structure (42) and variable component (43), chassis (41) adopts General Motors chassis, main structure (42) and variable component (43) are positioned on chassis (41), it is outside that variable component (43) is positioned at main structure (42), variable component (43) is connected with main structure (42) by hinged joint, and with hydraulic means (44), realize launching or closing by hydraulic means (44), changeable building structural system (4), concealed aeration insulating wall system (7), variable furniture lamp system, and dynamical system (8), using electricity system (5), water system (3), indoor environmental condition control system (6) are all connected with intelligent machine control system (2) with the accessory system of cloud network system.
2. mobile changeable building according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described chassis (41) is connected with dynamical system (8), be divided into trailed model and type two kinds of power modes voluntarily, trailed model comprises tractor truck type, SUV-pickup type; Type comprises van type voluntarily.
3. mobile changeable building according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described concealed aeration insulating wall system (7) is that it is positioned between the peripheral protective of main structure (42) and variable component (43) for the main structure (42) after launching and variable component (43) provide the body of wall of variable peripheral protective.
4. mobile changeable building according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described intelligent machine control system (2) is the key operation control system changed voluntarily being realized building by mechanical automation.
5. mobile changeable building according to claim 1, is characterized in that: each system in described functional module (1) and system module adopts convenient inserting mode to be connected as a single entity, and has unified specification modulus.
CN201410619857.1A 2014-11-06 2014-11-06 A kind of mobile changeable building Active CN104453286B (en)

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CN104453286B CN104453286B (en) 2016-07-06

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106193787A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 佛山市筑建集成房屋科技有限公司 Portable aerating house
CN109653670A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-04-19 天津大学 The variable architectural experiment platform in a kind of space and interface

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2655032A1 (en) * 1976-12-04 1978-06-08 Kaletka Geb Huebner Rosemarie DEVICE FOR TRANSPORTING ROOM CELLS
WO2000057004A1 (en) * 1999-03-23 2000-09-28 Time Developments Pty. Ltd. Interactive building module
CN201265263Y (en) * 2008-09-01 2009-07-01 章洋 Combined rest compartment
US20100205870A1 (en) * 2009-02-13 2010-08-19 Cobb Eric J Structure
CN202000689U (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-10-05 青岛市鑫光正钢结构材料有限公司 Novel intelligentized construction module
CN202144223U (en) * 2011-07-18 2012-02-15 湖北省齐星汽车车身股份有限公司 Rear space expanding motor home with stretchable carriage
CN103806675A (en) * 2012-11-08 2014-05-21 王也 Intelligent wind-light-rain complementary energy-saving movable container house
CN204326586U (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-05-13 桐庐顺慧机械厂 Mobile changeable building

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2655032A1 (en) * 1976-12-04 1978-06-08 Kaletka Geb Huebner Rosemarie DEVICE FOR TRANSPORTING ROOM CELLS
WO2000057004A1 (en) * 1999-03-23 2000-09-28 Time Developments Pty. Ltd. Interactive building module
CN201265263Y (en) * 2008-09-01 2009-07-01 章洋 Combined rest compartment
US20100205870A1 (en) * 2009-02-13 2010-08-19 Cobb Eric J Structure
CN202000689U (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-10-05 青岛市鑫光正钢结构材料有限公司 Novel intelligentized construction module
CN202144223U (en) * 2011-07-18 2012-02-15 湖北省齐星汽车车身股份有限公司 Rear space expanding motor home with stretchable carriage
CN103806675A (en) * 2012-11-08 2014-05-21 王也 Intelligent wind-light-rain complementary energy-saving movable container house
CN204326586U (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-05-13 桐庐顺慧机械厂 Mobile changeable building

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106193787A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 佛山市筑建集成房屋科技有限公司 Portable aerating house
CN106193787B (en) * 2016-08-31 2019-02-15 佛山市筑建集成房屋科技有限公司 Portable aerating house
CN109653670A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-04-19 天津大学 The variable architectural experiment platform in a kind of space and interface
CN109653670B (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-11-12 天津大学 The variable architectural experiment platform in a kind of space and interface

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