CN104453224A - Formwork support structure of basement exterior wall and construction method of formwork support structure - Google Patents

Formwork support structure of basement exterior wall and construction method of formwork support structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104453224A
CN104453224A CN201410573531.XA CN201410573531A CN104453224A CN 104453224 A CN104453224 A CN 104453224A CN 201410573531 A CN201410573531 A CN 201410573531A CN 104453224 A CN104453224 A CN 104453224A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
basement
wall
template
support structure
push rod
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410573531.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
龙敏健
毕晟
彭振峰
黄韬
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China Construction Fourth Engineering Division Corp Ltd
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China Construction Fourth Engineering Division Corp Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by China Construction Fourth Engineering Division Corp Ltd filed Critical China Construction Fourth Engineering Division Corp Ltd
Priority to CN201410573531.XA priority Critical patent/CN104453224A/en
Publication of CN104453224A publication Critical patent/CN104453224A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a formwork support structure of a basement exterior wall and a construction method of the formwork support structure. The formwork support structure comprises a formwork, a vertical edge and a transverse edge. The transverse edge is supported by a triangular support composed of a supporting beam, a transverse beam and a retractable ejector rod. The two ends of the retractable ejector rod are connected with the supporting beam and the transverse beam through hinges respectively, connecting plates are welded to the end of the transverse beam, the bottom end of the supporting beam is connected with the connecting plate through a hinge, and embedded steel bars are fixed and connected through gland nuts after penetrating through the connecting plates. According to the formwork support structure, the mode that a formwork is fixed through oppositely-pulled screw rods in a traditional method is replaced, the situation that oppositely-pulled screw rod holes are formed in an outer wall of a formed basement is avoided, and the water seepage problem of the outer wall of the basement is effectively prevented. In addition, the perpendicularity of the formwork can be adjusted, the outer wall of the formed basement is perpendicular to the horizontal face, the bearing capacity of the outer wall of the basement is guaranteed, and the wall is prevented from cracking.

Description

A kind of template support structure of outer wall of basement and construction method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of template support structure and construction method thereof of outer wall of basement, belong to basement technical field of building construction.
Background technology
When carrying out outer wall of basement construction, usual needs are at outer wall of basement both sides installation form, then after both sides template tightening being fixed by Screw arbor with nut at both-ends, concreting again, after outer wall of basement is shaping, need template to remove one by one, and Screw arbor with nut at both-ends is stayed in outer wall of basement because taking out.Therefore, outer wall formwork of basement of the prior art not only dismounting is cumbersome, the consumption of Screw arbor with nut at both-ends is many, cost is higher, and formwork integral structural instability, can (fastener as horizontal support bar skid or Screw arbor with nut at both-ends fracture etc.) lose efficacy and cause template to rise mould, spillage because some points, and be reserved in Screw arbor with nut at both-ends in outer wall of basement and can produce heat bridge phenomenon herein, even occur infiltration.In addition, the verticality of existing outer wall formwork of basement is difficult to adjustment, and the outer wall of basement after shaping exists the deviation of trace, and the minor departures of wall column verticality will make wall column bear laterally micro-load, easily causes later stage metope of plastering to ftracture, affects attractive in appearance.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to, a kind of template support structure and construction method thereof of outer wall of basement are provided, not only structure is simple, easy for installation, the efficiency of construction of outer wall of basement can be improved, and instead of in conventional method the mode adopting Screw arbor with nut at both-ends fixed form, avoid outer wall of basement occurring Screw arbor with nut at both-ends hole, effectively prevent outer wall of basement from occurring seepage problem.
Technical scheme of the present invention: a kind of template support structure of outer wall of basement, comprise template, perpendicular stupefied and horizontal stupefied, on horizontal stroke is stupefied, adopt one group of triangular supports to support, described triangular supports is made up of brace summer, crossbeam and flexible push rod, described flexible push rod two ends respectively with brace summer and crossbeam chain connection, be welded with junction plate in beam-end, brace summer bottom and junction plate chain connection, bar planting is fixedly connected with by clamp nut through after junction plate.
Described brace summer is fixedly connected with horizontal stroke is stupefied by connecting pawl.
Described flexible push rod is hydraulic mandril, comprises long flexible push rod and short flexible push rod.
Imbed in basement bottom board after described bar planting one end bending, the other end stretches out in basement bottom board horizontal by 45 ° of angles.
A kind of construction method utilizing the template support structure of above-mentioned outer wall of basement to build outer wall of basement, comprise the method that existing employing template builds outer wall of basement, when building basement bottom board, bar planting is bought in advance in the basement bottom board at the corner place of outer wall of basement, then installation form, perpendicular stupefied and horizontal stupefied, adopt one group of triangular supports by stupefied for horizontal stroke support again, by clamp nut, triangular supports is fixed after the junction plate making bar planting pass in triangular supports, plumb bob or spirit level is now utilized to detect the verticality of brace summer in triangular supports, the stroke of the long flexible push rod of adjustment and short flexible push rod, brace summer and horizontal plane is made to keep vertical, then build the concrete of outer wall of basement and carry out maintenance, after outer wall of basement is shaping, clamp nut is unclamped, triangular supports entirety is removed.
Described template bottom againsts leads wall installation, and its top and structural beams are reserved with the gap of 150 ~ 300mm, and the loose template of spelling in this employing building site, gap is filled up, and is provided with concrete pouring gate in loose spelling template.
Before carrying out concreting, be coated with release agent in template and loose spelling in template, be convenient to template and the demoulding when form removal of loose spelling template.
Owing to adopting technique scheme, the invention has the advantages that: the present invention carrys out the template of the outdoor wall of support underground by triangular supports, and triangular supports is fixedly connected with the bar planting be set in advance in basement bottom board, therefore, when building outer wall of basement, the lateral pressure produced during concreting is passed to triangular supports by template, and lateral pressure is then passed to bar planting by triangular supports.Therefore, template support structure of the present invention not only structure is simple, easy for installation, the efficiency of construction of outer wall of basement can be improved, and instead of in conventional method the mode adopting Screw arbor with nut at both-ends fixed form, avoid Screw arbor with nut at both-ends hole appears in shaping outer wall of basement, effectively prevent outer wall of basement from occurring seepage problem.In addition, the present invention can also adjust the verticality of template, make shaping after outer wall of basement and horizontal plane, ensure the supporting capacity of outer wall of basement, prevent wall crazing.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the B enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.
Description of reference numerals: 1-template, 2-horizontal stroke is stupefied, and 3-erects stupefied, 4-junction plate, 5-leads wall, 6-basement bottom board, 7-bar planting, 8-crossbeam, the long flexible push rod of 9-, the short flexible push rod of 10-, 11-connects pawl, 12-brace summer, 13-structural beams, 14-outer wall of basement, 15-concrete pouring gate, 16-is loose spells template, 17-clamp nut.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the object of the invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment
See Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the template support structure of outer wall of basement, comprise template 1, perpendicular stupefied 3 and horizontal stupefied 2, horizontal stroke stupefied 2 adopt one group of triangular supports support, described triangular supports is by brace summer 12, crossbeam 8 and flexible push rod are formed, described flexible push rod is hydraulic mandril, comprise long flexible push rod 9 and short flexible push rod 10, long flexible push rod 9 and short flexible push rod 10 two ends respectively with brace summer 12 and crossbeam 8 chain connection, junction plate 4 is had at crossbeam 8 welding edges, brace summer 12 bottom and junction plate 4 chain connection, bar planting 7 is fixedly connected with by clamp nut 17 through after junction plate 4.Imbed in basement bottom board 6 after described bar planting 7 one end bending, the other end stretches out in basement bottom board 6 horizontal by 45 ° of angles.
When carrying out outer wall of basement construction, bar planting 7 is bought in advance in the basement bottom board 6 at the corner place of outer wall of basement 14, then installation form 1, perpendicular stupefied 3 and horizontal stupefied 2, described template 1 bottom againsts leads wall 5 and installs, its top and structural beams 13 are reserved with the gap of 150 ~ 300mm, the loose template 16 of spelling in this employing building site, gap is filled up, and is provided with concrete pouring gate 15 in loose spelling template 16.Then one group of triangular supports is adopted to support stupefied for horizontal stroke 2, triangular supports is fixed by clamp nut 17 through after the junction plate 4 in triangular supports by bar planting 7, plumb bob or spirit level is now utilized to detect the verticality of brace summer 12 in triangular supports, the stroke of the long flexible push rod 9 of adjustment and short flexible push rod 10, makes brace summer 12 and horizontal plane keep vertical.Before carrying out concreting, smearing release agent in template 1 and loose spelling template 16, be convenient to template 1 and the demoulding when form removal of loose spelling template 17, then vibrated to concreting in template 1 by concrete pouring gate 15, need after concreting completes to carry out maintenance, after outer wall of basement 14 reaches design strength, clamp nut 17 is unclamped, and adopt suspender triangular supports entirety to be removed.

Claims (7)

1. the template support structure of an outer wall of basement, comprise template (1), perpendicular stupefied (3) and horizontal stupefied (2), support in the upper employing of horizontal stroke stupefied (2) one group of triangular supports, it is characterized in that: described triangular supports is by brace summer (12), crossbeam (8) and flexible push rod are formed, described flexible push rod two ends respectively with brace summer (12) and crossbeam (8) chain connection, junction plate (4) is had at crossbeam (8) welding edges, brace summer (12) bottom and junction plate (4) chain connection, bar planting (7) is fixedly connected with by clamp nut (17) afterwards through junction plate (4).
2. the template support structure of outer wall of basement according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described flexible push rod is hydraulic mandril, comprises long flexible push rod (9) and short flexible push rod (10).
3. the template support structure of outer wall of basement according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described brace summer (12) is fixedly connected with by connecting pawl (11) stupefied with horizontal stroke (2).
4. the template support structure of outer wall of basement according to claim 1, is characterized in that: imbed after described bar planting (7) one end bending in basement bottom board (6), the other end stretches out in basement bottom board (6) horizontal by 45 ° of angles.
5. the construction method utilizing the template support structure of the outer wall of basement described in the claims 1 ~ 3 any one to build outer wall of basement, comprise the method that existing employing template builds outer wall of basement, it is characterized in that: when building basement bottom board (6), bar planting (7) is bought in advance in the basement bottom board (6) at the corner place of outer wall of basement (14), then installation form (1), perpendicular stupefied (3) and horizontal stupefied (2), one group of triangular supports is adopted stupefied for horizontal stroke (2) to be supported again, triangular supports is fixed by clamp nut (17) through the junction plate (4) in triangular supports by bar planting (7) afterwards, plumb bob or spirit level is now utilized to detect the verticality of brace summer (12) in triangular supports, the stroke of the long flexible push rod (9) of adjustment and short flexible push rod (10), brace summer (12) and horizontal plane is made to keep vertical, then build the concrete of outer wall of basement (14) and carry out maintenance, after outer wall of basement (14) is shaping, clamp nut (17) is unclamped, triangular supports entirety is removed.
6. the construction method utilizing the template support structure of outer wall of basement to build outer wall of basement according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described template (1) bottom againsts leads wall (5) installation, its top and structural beams (13) are reserved with the gap of 150 ~ 300mm, the loose template (16) of spelling in this employing building site, gap is filled up, and is provided with concrete pouring gate (15) on loose spelling template (16).
7. the construction method utilizing the template support structure of outer wall of basement to build outer wall of basement according to claim 5, is characterized in that: before carrying out concreting, is coated with release agent in template (1) and loose spelling in template (16).
CN201410573531.XA 2014-10-24 2014-10-24 Formwork support structure of basement exterior wall and construction method of formwork support structure Pending CN104453224A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105421769A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-23 国网北京市电力公司 Mold support auxiliary tool
CN106906841A (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-06-30 中铁二局集团有限公司 One kind is used for lateral wall form bracing system construction
CN107313589A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-11-03 上海建工五建集团有限公司 Outer wall of basement one side steel form support system and its construction method
CN107905532A (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-04-13 上海建工四建集团有限公司 One side formwork segmental timbering system and method
CN108590165A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-09-28 江苏扬州建工建设集团有限公司 A kind of construction method of deep basal pit concrete of basement exterior wall
CN109025250A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-12-18 中建五局华东建设有限公司 Deep basal pit outer wall of basement integrates one side formwork support system
CN109056737A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-12-21 中建五局华东建设有限公司 Deep basal pit outer wall of basement integrates the construction method of one side formwork support system
CN109322483A (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-02-12 上海绿地建设(集团)有限公司 A kind of reinforcing support construction of shear wall exterior sheathing
CN110043023A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-07-23 中建八局第三建设有限公司 A kind of bidirectional hydraulic for unilateral formwork frame body is from servo support device
CN110747900A (en) * 2019-11-01 2020-02-04 海门市帕源路桥建设有限公司 Hanging collapse-proof support stull in pipe gallery
CN111519894A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-08-11 安庆米锐智能科技有限公司 Concrete placement encloses fender support steel form
CN113668599A (en) * 2021-08-21 2021-11-19 临沂市政集团有限公司 Be convenient for construction with exempting from to drawing screw retaining wall template support frame
CN114086761A (en) * 2021-10-11 2022-02-25 中建四局土木工程有限公司 Template supporting structure

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105421769A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-23 国网北京市电力公司 Mold support auxiliary tool
CN106906841A (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-06-30 中铁二局集团有限公司 One kind is used for lateral wall form bracing system construction
CN106906841B (en) * 2017-04-01 2019-02-12 中铁二局集团有限公司 One kind being used for lateral wall form bracing system construction
CN107313589A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-11-03 上海建工五建集团有限公司 Outer wall of basement one side steel form support system and its construction method
CN107905532A (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-04-13 上海建工四建集团有限公司 One side formwork segmental timbering system and method
CN108590165A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-09-28 江苏扬州建工建设集团有限公司 A kind of construction method of deep basal pit concrete of basement exterior wall
CN109056737A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-12-21 中建五局华东建设有限公司 Deep basal pit outer wall of basement integrates the construction method of one side formwork support system
CN109025250A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-12-18 中建五局华东建设有限公司 Deep basal pit outer wall of basement integrates one side formwork support system
CN109322483A (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-02-12 上海绿地建设(集团)有限公司 A kind of reinforcing support construction of shear wall exterior sheathing
CN110043023A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-07-23 中建八局第三建设有限公司 A kind of bidirectional hydraulic for unilateral formwork frame body is from servo support device
CN110747900A (en) * 2019-11-01 2020-02-04 海门市帕源路桥建设有限公司 Hanging collapse-proof support stull in pipe gallery
CN110747900B (en) * 2019-11-01 2021-06-04 海门市帕源路桥建设有限公司 Hanging collapse-proof support stull in pipe gallery
CN111519894A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-08-11 安庆米锐智能科技有限公司 Concrete placement encloses fender support steel form
CN113668599A (en) * 2021-08-21 2021-11-19 临沂市政集团有限公司 Be convenient for construction with exempting from to drawing screw retaining wall template support frame
CN114086761A (en) * 2021-10-11 2022-02-25 中建四局土木工程有限公司 Template supporting structure

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