CN104437248B - Exempt from the biological particles comminutor of power feeding - Google Patents

Exempt from the biological particles comminutor of power feeding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104437248B
CN104437248B CN201410662962.3A CN201410662962A CN104437248B CN 104437248 B CN104437248 B CN 104437248B CN 201410662962 A CN201410662962 A CN 201410662962A CN 104437248 B CN104437248 B CN 104437248B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pressure roller
ring mould
shaft
mould
gear
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201410662962.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104437248A (en
Inventor
唐金春
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CHANGZHOU FARTHEST MACHINERY Co Ltd
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CHANGZHOU FARTHEST MACHINERY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410662962.3A priority Critical patent/CN104437248B/en
Publication of CN104437248A publication Critical patent/CN104437248A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104437248B publication Critical patent/CN104437248B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2/00Processes or devices for granulating materials, e.g. fertilisers in general; Rendering particulate materials free flowing in general, e.g. making them hydrophobic
    • B01J2/22Processes or devices for granulating materials, e.g. fertilisers in general; Rendering particulate materials free flowing in general, e.g. making them hydrophobic by pressing in moulds or between rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2219/00Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
    • B01J2219/00761Details of the reactor

Abstract

A biological particles comminutor of exempting from power feeding, comprises power set and main frame; Described main frame comprises gear-box and prilling granulator; Described gear-box comprises gear housing, power transmission shaft and driving shaft; Described power transmission shaft and driving shaft are parallel to each other; Between power transmission shaft and driving shaft, pass through gear pair interlock; Described power set are connected with power transmission shaft; Prilling granulator comprises casing, ring mould and at least 1 pressure roller; The position of described ring mould is in casing; The inner space of casing is encircled mould and is divided into two regions; Material crush-zone is connected with charging aperture, goes out a region and is connected with discharging opening; Pressure roller rotates with ring mould differential; The pivot center of pressure roller departs from the pivot center of driving shaft; The axis direction of described ring mould is vertical; Also comprise charging cover; One side of charging cover is closely connected with the side of ring mould, and this side of ring mould is near material crush-zone openend, and the another side of charging cover is offered charging aperture; Described charging aperture is positioned at the top of material crush-zone.

Description

Exempt from the biological particles comminutor of power feeding
Technical field
The technical program belongs to particle mechanical field, specifically a kind of biological particles granulation of exempting from power feedingMachine.
Background technology
Biomass energy total amount is 10 times of world's main energy sources fuel consumption, and as using energy source also not1% of Football Association's amount, can utilize biomass energy efficiently by biomass energy switch technology. Utilize at presentBiomass energy mainly comprises stalk, fuel wood, and cereal shell, brutish ight soil, biologic garbage and organic waste residues, itsIn mainly taking stalk as main, total amount reaches 7.2 hundred million tons. Be equivalent to 3.6 hundred million tons of mark coals, remove 1.2 hundred million tons of worksFor feed, papermaking, all the other all can be used as the energy weaving and building materials. Reasonable development, utilizing biomass energy is to separateCertainly the Major Strategic behave of the energy and problem of environmental pollution, has good environment and economy benefit.
For this reason, prior art conversion feed granulator carries out granulation to stalk, wood chip, wood fragments are first-class. RipeThe principle of comminutor mainly contain flat-die granulation, ring model grain, these several forms of pair roller granulation, wherein encircle modelGrain machine occupation rate of market is higher, uses more extensive.
Summary of the invention
Traditional comminutor, its ring mould be axially level, charging aperture is in side, simultaneously because raw material is heavier,So feeding all carrys out forced feed with auger. The technical program is set about from another angle, solves existing skillThe problems referred to above that exist in art, specific as follows:
A biological particles comminutor of exempting from power feeding, comprises power set and main frame; Described main frame comprisesGear-box and prilling granulator; Described gear-box comprises gear housing, power transmission shaft and driving shaft; Described power transmission shaft withDriving shaft is parallel to each other; Between power transmission shaft and driving shaft, pass through gear pair interlock; Described power set and power transmission shaftConnect; Prilling granulator comprises casing, ring mould and at least 1 pressure roller; Pressure roller axially, ring mould axially and driveAxially being parallel to each other of moving axis; The position of described ring mould is in casing; The inner space of casing is encircled mould and is divided into twoIndividual region, encircles the material crush-zone in mould and encircles the region that goes out outside mould; Material crush-zone and charging apertureConnect, go out a region and be connected with discharging opening; Under drive shaft, pressure roller rotates with ring mould differential; Pressure rollerPivot center departs from the pivot center of driving shaft, and the external diameter of pressure roller is less than the internal diameter that encircles mould; Pressure roller pushes at materialRegion, and the outer wall of pressure roller circumference that rotation becomes is corresponding with the inwall of ring mould, and the spacing of the two is adjustable;
The axis direction of described ring mould is vertical; Also comprise charging cover; One side of charging cover and the side that encircles mouldClosely connected, this side of ring mould is near material crush-zone openend, and the another side of charging cover is offered charging aperture;Described charging aperture is positioned at the top of material crush-zone.
Charging aperture is positioned at the top of material crush-zone, and feeding manner is vertical gravity formula feeding, and feeding is without volumeOuter power. Meanwhile, because comminutor itself is highly limited, even can complete raw material by manpower and throw in.
Described ring mould is fixed in casing; Described pressure roller is connected with driving shaft by pressure roller bindiny mechanism. Described pressureRoller bindiny mechanism comprises cup dolly, pressure roller shaft and pressing plate; It is upper that one end of pressure roller shaft is connected to cup dolly one side,The other end of pressure roller shaft connects pressing plate, and each pressure roller is contained in respectively in a pressure roller shaft by bearing, and at pressing plateAnd between cup dolly; On cup dolly, be connected with pressing plate joint pin, pressing plate joint pin is perpendicular to cup dollyHome position; Pressing plate is fixed on pressing plate joint pin; Described driving shaft passes another of casing connection cup dollyFace; For material crush-zone, cup dolly is configured to the end of material crush-zone, the inwall of ring mould is configured toThe wall of material crush-zone; Between driving shaft and casing, be connected by bearing.
Described charging aperture is externally connected with deflector chute; One section of end opening of discharging groove is large, and an end opening is little, and opening is littleOne end connects charging aperture.
Described pressure roller comprises 2 or multiple; Each pressure roller is in a center of symmetry about the axle center of driving shaft.
Also comprise discharging cover, discharging cover covers on outside ring mould, described in the outer wall of the inwall of discharging cover and ring mould forms, goes outGrain region; On described discharging cover, offer discharging opening.
Describedly go out to be provided with in a region scraper and scrape driving device for cutter; Scrape driving device for cutter and comprise motor, gear wheelWith gear wheel connecting rod; On the output shaft of motor, be connected with pinion, pinion and gear wheel form gear pair;Gear wheel connecting rod has multiple, and they are connected on discharging cover, and in a center of symmetry; The end of each connecting rodAll be connected with "T"-shaped roll shaft, it is inverse-T-shaped cannelure that a face of described gear wheel is provided with cross section,Described "T"-shaped roll shaft is embedded in cannelure, and "T"-shaped roll shaft embedding and cannelure are slidably connected; Scraper connectsBe connected on another face of gear wheel, and rotate with gear wheel, the track of the cutting edge of scraper is an annular, andThis annular is corresponding with the position of the outer wall of ring mould. Described motor is buncher.
This structure can be cut off discharging nib material out with scraper, and, utilize and regulate the rotating speed of motorThe rotating speed of accusation scraper, and then regulate the length of expecting grain. Meanwhile, also with scraper, material grain is delivered to discharging opening.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the technical program;
Fig. 2 is gear wheel connecting rod part partial schematic diagram;
In figure: power set 1, gear-box 2, power transmission shaft 3, driving shaft 4, casing 5, ring mould 6, pressure roller7, material crush-zone 8, go out a region 9, charging aperture 10, discharging opening 11, cup dolly 12, pressure roller shaft13, pressing plate 14, pressing plate joint pin 15, charging cover 16, discharging cover 17, oil pump 18, fuel tank 19, oil pipe20, scraper 21, motor 22, gear wheel 23, gear wheel connecting rod 24, pinion 25, "T"-shaped roll shaft26, deflector chute 27.
Detailed description of the invention
The technical program is further illustrated as follows below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and detailed description of the invention:
A biological particles comminutor of exempting from power feeding, comprises power set and main frame; Described main frame comprisesGear-box and prilling granulator; Described gear-box comprises gear housing, power transmission shaft and driving shaft; Described power transmission shaft withDriving shaft is parallel to each other; Between power transmission shaft and driving shaft, pass through gear pair interlock; Described power set and power transmission shaftConnect; Prilling granulator comprises casing, ring mould and at least 1 pressure roller; Pressure roller axially, ring mould axially and driveAxially being parallel to each other of moving axis; The position of described ring mould is in casing; The inner space of casing is encircled mould and is divided into twoIndividual region, encircles the material crush-zone in mould and encircles the region that goes out outside mould; Material crush-zone and charging apertureConnect, go out a region and be connected with discharging opening; Under drive shaft, pressure roller rotates with ring mould differential; Pressure rollerPivot center departs from the pivot center of driving shaft, and the external diameter of pressure roller is less than the internal diameter that encircles mould; Pressure roller pushes at materialRegion, and the outer wall of pressure roller circumference that rotation becomes is corresponding with the inwall of ring mould, and the adjustable (spacing of the spacing of the twoGovernor motion is common technology in this area, the eccentric shaft of for example recording in patent application 201120312805.1Structure);
The axis direction of described ring mould is vertical; Also comprise charging cover; One side of charging cover and the side that encircles mouldClosely connected, this side of ring mould is near material crush-zone openend, and the another side of charging cover is offered charging aperture;Described charging aperture is positioned at the top of material crush-zone.
Described ring mould is fixed in casing; Described pressure roller is connected with driving shaft by pressure roller bindiny mechanism. Described pressureRoller bindiny mechanism comprises cup dolly, pressure roller shaft and pressing plate; It is upper that one end of pressure roller shaft is connected to cup dolly one side,The other end of pressure roller shaft connects pressing plate, and each pressure roller is contained in respectively in a pressure roller shaft by bearing, and at pressing plateAnd between cup dolly; On cup dolly, be connected with pressing plate joint pin, pressing plate joint pin is perpendicular to cup dollyHome position; Pressing plate is fixed on pressing plate joint pin; Described driving shaft passes another of casing connection cup dollyFace; For material crush-zone, cup dolly is configured to the end of material crush-zone, the inwall of ring mould is configured toThe wall of material crush-zone; Between driving shaft and casing, be connected by bearing.
Described charging aperture is externally connected with deflector chute; One section of end opening of discharging groove is large, and an end opening is little, and opening is littleOne end connects charging aperture.
Described pressure roller comprises 2 or multiple; Each pressure roller is in a center of symmetry about the axle center of driving shaft.
Also comprise discharging cover, discharging cover covers on outside ring mould, described in the outer wall of the inwall of discharging cover and ring mould forms, goes outGrain region; On described discharging cover, offer discharging opening.
Describedly go out to be provided with in a region scraper and scrape driving device for cutter; Scrape driving device for cutter and comprise motor, gear wheelWith gear wheel connecting rod; On the output shaft of motor, be connected with pinion, pinion and gear wheel form gear pair;Gear wheel connecting rod has multiple, and they are connected on discharging cover, and in a center of symmetry; The end of each connecting rodAll be connected with "T"-shaped roll shaft, it is inverse-T-shaped cannelure that a face of described gear wheel is provided with cross section,Described "T"-shaped roll shaft is embedded in cannelure, and "T"-shaped roll shaft embedding and cannelure are slidably connected; Scraper connectsBe connected on another face of gear wheel, and rotate with gear wheel, the track of the cutting edge of scraper is an annular, andThis annular is corresponding with the position of the outer wall of ring mould. Described motor is buncher.
In this example, the lubricating oil external circuiting/cooling system being made up of oil pump, fuel tank and oil pipe of having gone back peripheral hardware, usesLubricating oil in gear-box is carried out cooling and supplementary.

Claims (6)

1. a biological particles comminutor of exempting from power feeding, comprises power set and main frame; Described main frameComprise gear-box and prilling granulator;
Described gear-box comprises gear housing, power transmission shaft and driving shaft; Described power transmission shaft and driving shaft are parallel to each other;Between power transmission shaft and driving shaft, pass through gear pair interlock; Described power set are connected with power transmission shaft;
Prilling granulator comprises casing, ring mould and at least 1 pressure roller; Pressure roller axially, ring mould axially and driveAxially being parallel to each other of axle;
The position of described ring mould is in casing; The inner space of casing is encircled mould and is divided into two regions, encircles in mouldMaterial crush-zone and ring go out a region outside mould; Material crush-zone is connected with charging aperture, go out a region withDischarging opening connects;
Under drive shaft, pressure roller rotates with ring mould differential; The pivot center of pressure roller departs from the rotation of driving shaftAxis, the external diameter of pressure roller is less than the internal diameter that encircles mould; Pressure roller is at material crush-zone, and pressure roller rotates become circumferenceOuter wall corresponding with the inwall of ring mould, and the spacing of the two is adjustable;
The axis direction that it is characterized in that described ring mould is vertical;
Also comprise charging cover; One side of charging cover is closely connected with the side of ring mould, and this side of ring mould squeezes near materialNip territory openend, the another side of charging cover is offered charging aperture; Described charging aperture is positioned at material crush-zoneTop;
Described ring mould is fixed in casing; Described pressure roller is connected with driving shaft by pressure roller bindiny mechanism;
Described pressure roller bindiny mechanism comprises cup dolly, pressure roller shaft and pressing plate;
It is upper that one end of pressure roller shaft is connected to cup dolly one side, and the other end of pressure roller shaft connects pressing plate, each pressure rollerBe contained in respectively in a pressure roller shaft by bearing, and between pressing plate and cup dolly;
On cup dolly, be connected with pressing plate joint pin, pressing plate joint pin is perpendicular to the home position of cup dolly; PressPlate is fixed on pressing plate joint pin;
Described driving shaft connects the another side of cup dolly through casing; For material crush-zone, cup dollyBe configured to the end of material crush-zone, the inwall of ring mould is configured to the wall of material crush-zone; Driving shaft and casingBetween connect by bearing.
2. biological particles comminutor of exempting from power feeding according to claim 1, described in it is characterized in thatCharging aperture is externally connected with deflector chute; One section of end opening of discharging groove is large, and an end opening is little, and one end that opening is little connectsCharging aperture.
3. biological particles comminutor of exempting from power feeding according to claim 1, described in it is characterized in thatPressure roller comprises 2 or multiple; Each pressure roller is in a center of symmetry about the axle center of driving shaft.
4. biological particles comminutor of exempting from power feeding according to claim 1, is characterized in that also wrappingDraw together discharging cover, discharging cover covers on outside ring mould, described in the outer wall of the inwall of discharging cover and ring mould forms, goes out a region;On described discharging cover, offer discharging opening.
5. biological particles comminutor of exempting from power feeding according to claim 4, described in it is characterized in thatGo out in a region and be provided with scraper and scrape driving device for cutter; Scrape driving device for cutter and comprise motor, gear wheel and gear wheelConnecting rod; On the output shaft of motor, be connected with pinion, pinion and gear wheel form gear pair; Gear wheel connectsExtension bar has multiple, and they are connected on discharging cover, and in a center of symmetry; The end of each connecting rod is connected with"T"-shaped roll shaft, it is inverse-T-shaped cannelure that a face of described gear wheel is provided with cross section, described " T "Shape roll shaft is embedded in cannelure, and "T"-shaped roll shaft embedding and cannelure are slidably connected; Scraper is connected to gear wheelAnother face on, and with gear wheel rotate, the track of the cutting edge of scraper is an annular, and this annular and ringThe position correspondence of the outer wall of mould.
6. biological particles comminutor of exempting from power feeding according to claim 5, is characterized in that described motor is speed governingMotor.
CN201410662962.3A 2014-11-19 2014-11-19 Exempt from the biological particles comminutor of power feeding Expired - Fee Related CN104437248B (en)

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CN104437248B true CN104437248B (en) 2016-05-04

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106540633A (en) * 2015-09-21 2017-03-29 江苏金梧实业股份有限公司 A kind of granulator

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2897612Y (en) * 2006-05-18 2007-05-09 孟祥书 Automatic plastic feeder
CN201150855Y (en) * 2007-11-20 2008-11-19 曲阜市应用科技研究所 Straw granulator
CN101332683A (en) * 2008-07-22 2008-12-31 无锡辰晓环保节能设备制造有限公司 Briquette roll type granulator
CN201399335Y (en) * 2009-05-11 2010-02-10 南京三普造粒装备有限公司 Double-roller extruding granulating device of forced feeder with feed automatic constant function
CN201769302U (en) * 2010-08-19 2011-03-23 田茂俊 Automatic feeding device
CN204320238U (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-05-13 常州远见机械有限公司 Exempt from the biological particles comminutor of power feeding

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2897612Y (en) * 2006-05-18 2007-05-09 孟祥书 Automatic plastic feeder
CN201150855Y (en) * 2007-11-20 2008-11-19 曲阜市应用科技研究所 Straw granulator
CN101332683A (en) * 2008-07-22 2008-12-31 无锡辰晓环保节能设备制造有限公司 Briquette roll type granulator
CN201399335Y (en) * 2009-05-11 2010-02-10 南京三普造粒装备有限公司 Double-roller extruding granulating device of forced feeder with feed automatic constant function
CN201769302U (en) * 2010-08-19 2011-03-23 田茂俊 Automatic feeding device
CN204320238U (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-05-13 常州远见机械有限公司 Exempt from the biological particles comminutor of power feeding

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