CN104401028B - A kind of fluid pressure type high accuracy material material pressing device - Google Patents

A kind of fluid pressure type high accuracy material material pressing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104401028B
CN104401028B CN201410625484.9A CN201410625484A CN104401028B CN 104401028 B CN104401028 B CN 104401028B CN 201410625484 A CN201410625484 A CN 201410625484A CN 104401028 B CN104401028 B CN 104401028B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
lower skateboard
pressure head
positioning seat
high accuracy
pressing device
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201410625484.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104401028A (en
Inventor
杨勇
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CHONGQING MASITER PRECISION MACHINERY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CHONGQING MASITER PRECISION MACHINERY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410625484.9A priority Critical patent/CN104401028B/en
Publication of CN104401028A publication Critical patent/CN104401028A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104401028B publication Critical patent/CN104401028B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fluid pressure type high accuracy material material pressing device, the opposite face of two leads (4) is all provided with line slideway (14), pressure head (9) is up-small and down-big frustum structure, is coated with abrasion-resistant stee overcoat in all sides of pressure head (9) and bottom surface; Positioning seat (15) is all fixed with at the two ends, left and right at upper slide (6) top and the two ends, left and right of lower skateboard (7) bottom, each positioning seat (15) installs slide block (16) on the side of respective side lead (4), and this slide block (16) and line slideway (14) gapless are slidably matched.The present invention design ingenious, implement easily, cost is low, can not only prevent load bar from producing skew, and the reliability of transmission can be guaranteed; Contact area between pressure head and forming tube is little, not easily wear damage occurs, longer service life; Meanwhile, effectively can improve guiding accuracy, strengthen bearing capacity.

Description

A kind of fluid pressure type high accuracy material material pressing device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of press, particularly a kind of fluid pressure type high accuracy material material pressing device.
Background technology
Rotating material-pressing machine is the special equipment for the building of needs or engineering material being pressed into standard specimen.The guiding mechanism that existing rotating material-pressing machine generally adopts sliding bearing to match with lead, is coordinated with sliding shaft sleeve by the lead of two in frame, thus reaches guiding and bear the cross force and moment of flexure that produce in pressing process.If the excesssive gap between sliding shaft sleeve and lead, the detection of guiding accuracy and axial compressive force, monitoring can be affected, fall flat; If improve guiding accuracy by reducing fit clearance, then very strict requirement is proposed to part processing precision, assembly precision, greatly can increases production cost.
Charger on rotating material-pressing machine is generally made up of parts such as power assembly, upper slide, lower skateboard, locating piece, load bar and pressure heads, syndeton between parts is complicated, not only install and disassembling section inconvenience, packaging efficiency is low, and load bar easily produces skew, the reliability of transmission is poor.Pressure head is generally short cylindrical structure, and the contact area in pressing process and between forming tube is large, both increases energy consumption, and easily wear damage occurs again.
Summary of the invention
It is simple, reliable that technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of structure, the fluid pressure type high accuracy material material pressing device of not fragile pressure head.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows: a kind of fluid pressure type high accuracy material material pressing device, comprise base (1), locating piece (5), upper slide (6), lower skateboard (7), load bar (8) and pressure head (9), it is characterized in that: base (1) is rectangle, in the top of base (1), supporting plate (2) is set, this supporting plate (2) is fixed by four columns (3) by the rectangular distribution and base (1), described supporting plate (2) arranges two symmetrical leads (4), lead (4) is rectangular tube, the opposite face of these two leads (4) is all provided with line slideway (14), and top common support top board (11) of two leads (4),
Described top board (11) is installed hydraulic cylinder (10), the piston rod of this hydraulic cylinder (10) straight down, and be connected with the upper end of elevating lever (12), the lower end of described elevating lever (12) and the top of Connection Block (13) are fixed, this Connection Block (13) is built with pressure sensor, the bottom of Connection Block (13) and the central authorities at upper slide (6) top fix, in the below of described upper slide (6), load bar (8) is installed, the lower end of this load bar (8) is through lower skateboard (7) and locating piece (5), and be connected with pressure head (9), described locating piece (5) and lower skateboard (7) fix,
Described pressure head (9) is up-small and down-big frustum structure, and is made of cast iron, and is coated with abrasion-resistant stee overcoat in all sides of pressure head (9) and bottom surface; Forming tube (18) is worn at the middle part of described supporting plate (2), this forming tube (18) is the straight nested structure of steel, and the bottom of forming tube (18) is supported by rotary table, removably connect between forming tube (18) and rotary table;
Be connected by two, left and right spring (17) between described upper slide (6) with lower skateboard (7), positioning seat (15) is all fixed with at the two ends, left and right at upper slide (6) top and the two ends, left and right of lower skateboard (7) bottom, each positioning seat (15) installs slide block (16) on the side of respective side lead (4), and this slide block (16) is slidably matched with line slideway (14) gapless of respective side.
Adopt above technical scheme, base, column and supporting plate composition frame structure, can guarantee the stability of complete machine.By two lead roof supportings on supporting plate, provide installation site for hydraulic cylinder and guiding mechanism on the one hand; On the other hand, the space below top board between two leads provides position for press-fiting transmission mechanism, and complete machine structure can be made compacter.Hydraulic press, elevating lever, Connection Block, upper slide, load bar, lower skateboard and pressure head are arranged successively, between two adjacent elements, syndeton is simple, so not only be easy to assembling, effectively can improve packaging efficiency, and the axiality of hydraulic press, elevating lever and load bar three can be guaranteed, thus avoid load bar generation skew, substantially increase the reliability of transmission.
Pressure head is up-small and down-big frustum, and the contact area in pressing process and between forming tube is little, and effectively less friction, reduces energy consumption; The main body of pressure head adopts cast iron materials, and cost is low, has enough pressing weights; At the coated abrasion-resistant stee overcoat in all sides of pressure head and bottom surface, pressure head generation wear damage can be prevented, make the longer service life of pressure head of a specified duration.Forming tube is the straight nested structure of steel, and structural strength is good on the one hand, and durable wear, can not deform or damage; On the other hand, go for the test specimen suppressing differing heights, applied widely; Removably connect between forming tube and rotary table, it is very convenient that test specimen is taken out in dismounting.
Owing to have employed the guidance mode that slide block and line slideway gapless are slidably matched, guiding accuracy is high, bearing capacity is strong, the cross force produced in rotation compacting test specimen process and moment of flexure are finally distributed to line slideway and are born, detection, the monitoring of guiding accuracy and axial compressive force can not be affected like this, the constant control of pressure can be realized.Be connected by two, left and right spring flexible between upper slide with lower skateboard, in upper slide continues to move downward lower skateboard motion puts in place, damping can be played, disappear slow effect, to reduce to impact, and guarantee the stationarity of pressing process.
In order to simplify structure, being convenient to dismounting, making to engage between load bar with upper slide closely, it is firm to connect, the top of described load bar (8) is formed with disk, and the bottom surface of this disk and upper slide (6) fits, and is fixed by circumferentially equally distributed bolt.
In order to improve the compactedness of structure further, make to be connected between locating piece with lower skateboard not only firmly but also reliable, and be conducive to assembling, the epimere of described locating piece (5) stretches in the centre bore of lower skateboard (7), the end face of locating piece (5) is concordant with the upper surface of lower skateboard (7), ring-shaped step is formed at locating piece (5) integral middle, the bottom surface of this ring-shaped step and lower skateboard (7) fits, and is fixed by circumferentially equally distributed bolt.
In order to simplify structure; facilitate processing and fabricating and assembling; and guarantee the fixing that slide block and positioning seat connect; described positioning seat (15) is packet; this positioning seat (15) is fixed with corresponding slide plate by screw, and described slide block (16) is installed on the side of positioning seat (15) by screw.
In order to simplify structure, be convenient to assembling, the ring wall of described forming tube (18) bottom is formed with a circle boss, this boss by many circumferentially equally distributed bolt be connected with rotary table.
Beneficial effect: the present invention design ingenious, implement easily, cost is low, syndeton is simple, install and disassembling section convenient, packaging efficiency is high, can not only prevent load bar from producing skew, and can guarantee the reliability of transmission; Contact area between pressure head and forming tube is little, not easily wear damage occurs, longer service life; Meanwhile, adopt the blind-mate of slide block and line slideway, effectively can improve guiding accuracy, strengthen bearing capacity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described:
As shown in Figure 1, base 1 is rectangular flat structure, and is fixed on bottom surface by foundation bolt.Directly over base 1, arrange supporting plate 2, this supporting plate 2 is rectangle, and parallels with base 1, and supporting plate 2 is connected with base 1 by four columns 3 by the rectangular distribution.Column 3 is perpendicular to supporting plate 2, and the top of column 3 is welded mutually with the corner bottom supporting plate 2, and the bottom of column 3 is welded mutually with base 1.Above supporting plate 2, arrange two symmetrical leads 4, lead 4 is rectangular tube, and lead 4 is vertical with supporting plate 2.The top common support top board 11 of two leads 4, and the top of lead 4 is welded mutually with top board 11, and top board 11 is parallel to supporting plate 2, and the bottom of lead 4 is welded mutually with supporting plate 2.
As shown in Figure 1, the opposite face of two leads 4 is all provided with line slideway 14, the line slideway 14 of the left and right sides is symmetrical.Between two leads 4, arrange upper slide 6 and lower skateboard 7, these two pieces of slide plates are rectangular flat structure, and upper slide 6 is positioned at directly over lower skateboard 7, and upper slide 6 is parallel with supporting plate 2.Between upper slide 6 and lower skateboard 7, be symmetrical arranged two springs 17 in left and right, the upper end of this spring 17 and the bottom surface of upper slide 6 are fixed, and the lower end of spring 17 and the end face of lower skateboard 7 are fixed.Two ends, left and right bottom the two ends, left and right and lower skateboard 7 at upper slide 6 top are provided with positioning seat 15, and the positioning seat 15 on same slide plate is symmetrical.Described positioning seat 15 is packet, positioning seat 15 is fixed by the slide plate that screw is corresponding, each positioning seat 15 installs slide block 16 on the side of respective side lead 4, and slide block 16 is fixed by screw and positioning seat 15, and slide block 16 is slidably matched with line slideway 14 gapless of respective side.
As shown in Figure 1, top board 11 is installed hydraulic cylinder 10, the piston rod of this hydraulic cylinder 10 stretches out straight down, and the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 10 is connected with the upper end of elevating lever 12, the lower end of elevating lever 12 and the top of Connection Block 13 are fixed, this Connection Block 13 is built with pressure sensor, and the bottom of Connection Block 13 and the central authorities at upper slide 6 top fix.Arrange load bar 8 in the below of upper slide 6, the axial line of load bar 8, Connection Block 13, elevating lever 12 and hydraulic cylinder 10 4 is on same straight line.The top of load bar 8 is formed with disk, and the bottom surface of this disk and upper slide 6 fits, and is fixed by circumferentially equally distributed bolt.The lower end of load bar 8 through lower skateboard 7 and locating piece 5, and is connected with pressure head 9.
As shown in Figure 1, the epimere of locating piece 5 stretches in the centre bore of lower skateboard 7, and the end face of locating piece 5 is concordant with the upper surface of lower skateboard 7, is formed with ring-shaped step at locating piece 5 integral middle, the bottom surface of this ring-shaped step and lower skateboard 7 fits, and is fixed by circumferentially equally distributed bolt.Described pressure head 9 is up-small and down-big frustum structure, and is made of cast iron, and is coated with abrasion-resistant stee overcoat in all sides of pressure head 9 and bottom surface, and the concrete thickness of abrasion-resistant stee overcoat is determined according to actual needs.Wear forming tube 18 at the middle part of supporting plate 2, this forming tube 18 is suitable with pressure head 9, and forming tube 18 is the straight nested structure of steel, and is positioned at immediately below pressure head 9, and forming tube 18 and supporting plate 2 matched in clearance, the bottom of forming tube 18 is supported by rotary table.The ring wall of forming tube 18 bottom is formed with a circle boss, this boss by many circumferentially equally distributed bolt be connected with rotary table.
The structure that the present invention does not describe and operation principle same as the prior art, therefore not to repeat here.

Claims (5)

1. a fluid pressure type high accuracy material material pressing device, comprise base (1), locating piece (5), upper slide (6), lower skateboard (7), load bar (8) and pressure head (9), it is characterized in that: base (1) is rectangle, in the top of base (1), supporting plate (2) is set, this supporting plate (2) is fixed by four columns (3) by the rectangular distribution and base (1), described supporting plate (2) arranges two symmetrical leads (4), lead (4) is rectangular tube, the opposite face of these two leads (4) is all provided with line slideway (14), and top common support top board (11) of two leads (4),
Described top board (11) is installed hydraulic cylinder (10), the piston rod of this hydraulic cylinder (10) straight down, and be connected with the upper end of elevating lever (12), the lower end of described elevating lever (12) and the top of Connection Block (13) are fixed, this Connection Block (13) is built with pressure sensor, the bottom of Connection Block (13) and the central authorities at upper slide (6) top fix, in the below of described upper slide (6), load bar (8) is installed, the lower end of this load bar (8) is through lower skateboard (7) and locating piece (5), and be connected with pressure head (9), described locating piece (5) and lower skateboard (7) fix,
Described pressure head (9) is up-small and down-big frustum structure, and is made of cast iron, and is coated with abrasion-resistant stee overcoat in all sides of pressure head (9) and bottom surface; Forming tube (18) is worn at the middle part of described supporting plate (2), this forming tube (18) is the straight nested structure of steel, and the bottom of forming tube (18) is supported by rotary table, removably connect between forming tube (18) and rotary table;
Be connected by two, left and right spring (17) between described upper slide (6) with lower skateboard (7), positioning seat (15) is all fixed with at the two ends, left and right at upper slide (6) top and the two ends, left and right of lower skateboard (7) bottom, each positioning seat (15) installs slide block (16) on the side of respective side lead (4), and this slide block (16) is slidably matched with line slideway (14) gapless of respective side.
2. fluid pressure type high accuracy material material pressing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the top of described load bar (8) is formed with disk, the bottom surface of this disk and upper slide (6) fits, and is fixed by circumferentially equally distributed bolt.
3. fluid pressure type high accuracy material material pressing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the epimere of described locating piece (5) stretches in the centre bore of lower skateboard (7), the end face of locating piece (5) is concordant with the upper surface of lower skateboard (7), ring-shaped step is formed at locating piece (5) integral middle, the bottom surface of this ring-shaped step and lower skateboard (7) fits, and is fixed by circumferentially equally distributed bolt.
4. the fluid pressure type high accuracy material material pressing device according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described positioning seat (15) is packet, this positioning seat (15) is fixed with corresponding slide plate by screw, and described slide block (16) is installed on the side of positioning seat (15) by screw.
5. fluid pressure type high accuracy material material pressing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: on the ring wall of described forming tube (18) bottom, be formed with a circle boss, this boss by many circumferentially equally distributed bolt be connected with rotary table.
CN201410625484.9A 2014-11-07 2014-11-07 A kind of fluid pressure type high accuracy material material pressing device Expired - Fee Related CN104401028B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104401028B true CN104401028B (en) 2016-03-02

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CN107738469B (en) * 2016-08-26 2019-10-25 唐山曹妃甸共进科技有限公司 A kind of hydraulic press
CN109550565A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-04-02 考迈托(佛山)挤压科技股份有限公司 A kind of Material disintegrator
CN113059849A (en) * 2021-03-23 2021-07-02 吴俊丽 Electric motor car lithium cell carbon plug press forming equipment

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NL170772B (en) * 1951-07-03 Hirohumi Onodera Te Osaka, Japan.
US6553903B2 (en) * 2000-04-28 2003-04-29 Sunex International, Inc. Hydraulic press
CN2570018Y (en) * 2002-08-30 2003-09-03 天津市天锻压力机有限公司 Twin column numerical controlled medicine product hydraulic press
CN202286125U (en) * 2011-09-29 2012-07-04 广西梧州茂圣茶业有限公司 Semiautomatic tea cake maker
CN203449623U (en) * 2013-08-05 2014-02-26 郑州华祥耐材有限公司 Press machine used for assembling of air bricks
CN203410044U (en) * 2013-09-04 2014-01-29 潘成良 Press machine of long workbench
CN203567211U (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-04-30 江西欧冠实业有限公司 Clothes compressing and packing machine

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