CN204222247U - For the fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine of material forming - Google Patents

For the fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine of material forming Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204222247U
CN204222247U CN201420668040.9U CN201420668040U CN204222247U CN 204222247 U CN204222247 U CN 204222247U CN 201420668040 U CN201420668040 U CN 201420668040U CN 204222247 U CN204222247 U CN 204222247U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotary table
pressing machine
type high
fixed
fluid pressure
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420668040.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨勇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHONGQING MASITER PRECISION MACHINERY Co Ltd
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CHONGQING MASITER PRECISION MACHINERY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420668040.9U priority Critical patent/CN204222247U/en
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Publication of CN204222247U publication Critical patent/CN204222247U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine for material forming, the opposite face of two leads is all provided with line slideway, and pressure head is up-small and down-big frustum structure, is coated with abrasion-resistant stee overcoat in all sides of pressure head and bottom surface; The bottom of forming tube is supported by rotary table, and rotary table is made up of the rotating part cooperatively interacted and fixed position, and rotating part is driven by the main reducing motor of below; Two ends, left and right bottom the two ends, left and right and lower skateboard at upper slide top are all fixed with positioning seat, and each positioning seat installs slide block, and this slide block and line slideway gapless are slidably matched.The utility model can not only prevent load bar from producing skew, and can guarantee the reliability of transmission; Contact area between pressure head and forming tube is little, not easily wear damage occurs, longer service life; Meanwhile, adopt the blind-mate of slide block and line slideway, effectively can improve guiding accuracy, strengthen bearing capacity.

Description

For the fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine of material forming
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of press, particularly a kind of fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine for material forming.
Background technology
Rotating material-pressing machine is the special equipment for the building of needs or engineering material being pressed into standard specimen.The guiding mechanism that existing rotating material-pressing machine generally adopts sliding bearing to match with lead, is coordinated with sliding shaft sleeve by the lead of two in frame, thus reaches guiding and bear the cross force and moment of flexure that produce in pressing process.If the excesssive gap between sliding shaft sleeve and lead, the detection of guiding accuracy and axial compressive force, monitoring can be affected, fall flat; If improve guiding accuracy by reducing fit clearance, then very strict requirement is proposed to part processing precision, assembly precision, greatly can increases production cost.
Charger on rotating material-pressing machine is generally made up of parts such as power assembly, upper slide, lower skateboard, locating piece, load bar and pressure heads, syndeton between parts is complicated, not only install and disassembling section inconvenience, packaging efficiency is low, and load bar easily produces skew, the reliability of transmission is poor.Pressure head is generally short cylindrical structure, and the contact area in pressing process and between forming tube is large, both increases energy consumption, and easily wear damage occurs again.The rotary table of rotating material-pressing machine is driven by main reducing motor, and this main reducing motor is by seat supports on base, and not only dismounting is complicated, and main reducing motor only has tie point in bottom, and steadiness is poor.
Utility model content
It is simple, reliable that technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of structure, the fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine for material forming of not fragile pressure head.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows: a kind of fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine for material forming, comprise base (1), locating piece (5), upper slide (6), lower skateboard (7), load bar (8) and pressure head (9), it is characterized in that: in the top of base (1), supporting plate (2) is set, this supporting plate (2) is fixed by four columns (3) by the rectangular distribution and base (1), described supporting plate (2) arranges two symmetrical leads (4), the opposite face of these two leads (4) is all provided with line slideway (14), and top common support top board (11) of two leads (4),
Described top board (11) is installed hydraulic cylinder (10), the piston rod of this hydraulic cylinder (10) straight down, and be connected with the upper end of elevating lever (12), the lower end of described elevating lever (12) and the top of Connection Block (13) are fixed, this Connection Block (13) is built with pressure sensor, the bottom of Connection Block (13) and the central authorities at upper slide (6) top fix, in the below of described upper slide (6), load bar (8) is installed, the lower end of this load bar (8) is through lower skateboard (7) and locating piece (5), and be connected with pressure head (9), described locating piece (5) and lower skateboard (7) fix,
Described pressure head (9) is up-small and down-big frustum structure, and is made of cast iron, and is coated with abrasion-resistant stee overcoat in all sides of pressure head (9) and bottom surface, forming tube (18) is worn at the middle part of described supporting plate (2), this forming tube (18) is the straight nested structure of steel, and the bottom of forming tube (18) is supported by rotary table, described rotary table is made up of the rotating part cooperatively interacted (A) and fixed position (B), the fixed position (B) of rotary table is fixed with supporting plate (2) by four " L " shapes hanger (19) by the rectangular distribution, removably connect between the rotating part (A) of rotary table and forming tube (18), and the rotating part of rotary table (A) is driven by the main reducing motor (20) of below, described main reducing motor (20) is from top to bottom successively through upper cross plate (21) and lower cross plate (22), the upper end of main reducing motor (20) has a circle positioning boss, this positioning boss is supported by upper cross plate (21), be bolted between the two, the lower end of main reducing motor (20) and lower cross plate (22) matched in clearance
Be connected by two, left and right spring (17) between described upper slide (6) with lower skateboard (7), positioning seat (15) is all fixed with at the two ends, left and right at upper slide (6) top and the two ends, left and right of lower skateboard (7) bottom, each positioning seat (15) installs slide block (16) on the side of respective side lead (4), and this slide block (16) is slidably matched with line slideway (14) gapless of respective side.
Adopt above technical scheme, base, column and supporting plate composition frame structure, can guarantee the stability of complete machine.By two lead roof supportings on supporting plate, provide installation site for hydraulic cylinder and guiding mechanism on the one hand; On the other hand, the space below top board between two leads provides position for press-fiting transmission mechanism, and complete machine structure can be made compacter.Hydraulic press, elevating lever, Connection Block, upper slide, load bar, lower skateboard and pressure head are arranged successively, between two adjacent elements, syndeton is simple, so not only be easy to assembling, effectively can improve packaging efficiency, and the axiality of hydraulic press, elevating lever and load bar three can be guaranteed, thus avoid load bar generation skew, substantially increase the reliability of transmission.
Pressure head is up-small and down-big frustum, and the contact area in pressing process and between forming tube is little, and effectively less friction, reduces energy consumption; The main body of pressure head adopts cast iron materials, and cost is low, has enough pressing weights; At the coated abrasion-resistant stee overcoat in all sides of pressure head and bottom surface, pressure head generation wear damage can be prevented, make the longer service life of pressure head of a specified duration.
Forming tube is the straight nested structure of steel, and structural strength is good on the one hand, and durable wear, can not deform or damage; On the other hand, go for the test specimen suppressing differing heights, applied widely; Removably connect between forming tube and rotary table, it is very convenient that test specimen is taken out in dismounting.The standing part of rotary table is lifted on supporting plate by four " L " shape hangers, not only firm but also reliable, can not occur to loosen even to come off.The lower end of main reducing motor is located by lower cross plate, and upper end is located by upper cross plate, and the positioning boss of main reducing motor upper end is supported fixing by upper cross plate, and the steadiness of main like this reducing motor is good, and disassembling operations is not only convenient but also quick.
Owing to have employed the guidance mode that slide block and line slideway gapless are slidably matched, guiding accuracy is high, bearing capacity is strong, the cross force produced in rotation compacting test specimen process and moment of flexure are finally distributed to line slideway and are born, detection, the monitoring of guiding accuracy and axial compressive force can not be affected like this, the constant control of pressure can be realized.Be connected by two, left and right spring flexible between upper slide with lower skateboard, in upper slide continues to move downward lower skateboard motion puts in place, damping can be played, disappear slow effect, to reduce to impact, and guarantee the stationarity of pressing process.
In order to simplify structure, being convenient to dismounting, making to engage between load bar with upper slide closely, it is firm to connect, the top of described load bar (8) is formed with disk, and the bottom surface of this disk and upper slide (6) fits, and is fixed by circumferentially equally distributed bolt.
In order to improve the compactedness of structure further, make to be connected between locating piece with lower skateboard not only firmly but also reliable, and be conducive to assembling, the epimere of described locating piece (5) stretches in the centre bore of lower skateboard (7), the end face of locating piece (5) is concordant with the upper surface of lower skateboard (7), ring-shaped step is formed at locating piece (5) integral middle, the bottom surface of this ring-shaped step and lower skateboard (7) fits, and is fixed by circumferentially equally distributed bolt.
In order to simplify structure; facilitate processing and fabricating and assembling; and guarantee the fixing that slide block and positioning seat connect; described positioning seat (15) is packet; this positioning seat (15) is fixed with corresponding slide plate by screw, and described slide block (16) is installed on the side of positioning seat (15) by screw.
In order to simplify structure, be convenient to assembling, the ring wall of described forming tube (18) bottom is formed with a circle boss, this boss by many circumferentially equally distributed bolt be connected with the rotating part (A) of rotary table.
For the ease of machine-shaping, and guarantee the fixing that " L " shape hanger connects, described " L " shape hanger (19) are shaping by steel plate punched, should " L " shape hanger (19) fix with the fixed position (B) of rotary table and supporting plate (2) by welding.
In order to simplify structure, reduce costs, transverse slat is connected between column firm, described upper cross plate (21) and lower cross plate (22) are rectangle, and be parallel to each other, four angles of each transverse slat and four root posts (3) one_to_one corresponding, and four of each transverse slat angles are welded mutually with corresponding column (3).
Beneficial effect: the utility model structure is simple, install and disassembling section convenient, packaging efficiency is high, can guarantee the reliability of transmission; Contact area between pressure head and forming tube is little, not easily wear damage occurs, longer service life; Meanwhile, adopt the blind-mate of slide block and line slideway, effectively can improve guiding accuracy, strengthen bearing capacity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail:
As shown in Figure 1, base 1 is rectangular flat structure, and is fixed on bottom surface by foundation bolt.Directly over base 1, arrange supporting plate 2, this supporting plate 2 is rectangle, and parallels with base 1, and supporting plate 2 is connected with base 1 by four columns 3 by the rectangular distribution.Column 3 is perpendicular to supporting plate 2, and the top of column 3 is welded mutually with the corner bottom supporting plate 2, and the bottom of column 3 is welded mutually with base 1.Above supporting plate 2, arrange two symmetrical leads 4, lead 4 is quarter bend, and lead 4 is vertical with supporting plate 2.The top common support top board 11 of two leads 4, and the top of lead 4 is welded mutually with top board 11, and top board 11 is parallel to supporting plate 2, and the bottom of lead 4 is welded mutually with supporting plate 2.
As shown in Figure 1, the opposite face of two leads 4 is all provided with line slideway 14, the line slideway 14 of the left and right sides is symmetrical.Between two leads 4, arrange upper slide 6 and lower skateboard 7, these two pieces of slide plates are rectangular flat structure, and upper slide 6 is positioned at directly over lower skateboard 7, and upper slide 6 is parallel with supporting plate 2.Between upper slide 6 and lower skateboard 7, be symmetrical arranged two springs 17 in left and right, the upper end of this spring 17 and the bottom surface of upper slide 6 are fixed, and the lower end of spring 17 and the end face of lower skateboard 7 are fixed.Two ends, left and right bottom the two ends, left and right and lower skateboard 7 at upper slide 6 top are provided with positioning seat 15, and the positioning seat 15 on same slide plate is symmetrical.Described positioning seat 15 is packet, positioning seat 15 is fixed by the slide plate that screw is corresponding, each positioning seat 15 installs slide block 16 on the side of respective side lead 4, and slide block 16 is fixed by screw and positioning seat 15, and slide block 16 is slidably matched with line slideway 14 gapless of respective side.
As shown in Figure 1, top board 11 is installed hydraulic cylinder 10, the piston rod of this hydraulic cylinder 10 stretches out straight down, and the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 10 is connected with the upper end of elevating lever 12, the lower end of elevating lever 12 and the top of Connection Block 13 are fixed, this Connection Block 13 is built with pressure sensor, and the bottom of Connection Block 13 and the central authorities at upper slide 6 top fix.Arrange load bar 8 in the below of upper slide 6, the axial line of load bar 8, Connection Block 13, elevating lever 12 and hydraulic cylinder 10 4 is on same straight line.The top of load bar 8 is formed with disk, and the bottom surface of this disk and upper slide 6 fits, and is fixed by circumferentially equally distributed bolt.The lower end of load bar 8 through lower skateboard 7 and locating piece 5, and is connected with pressure head 9.
As shown in Figure 1, the epimere of locating piece 5 stretches in the centre bore of lower skateboard 7, and the end face of locating piece 5 is concordant with the upper surface of lower skateboard 7, is formed with ring-shaped step at locating piece 5 integral middle, the bottom surface of this ring-shaped step and lower skateboard 7 fits, and is fixed by circumferentially equally distributed bolt.Described pressure head 9 is up-small and down-big frustum structure, and is made of cast iron, and is coated with abrasion-resistant stee overcoat in all sides of pressure head 9 and bottom surface, and the concrete thickness of abrasion-resistant stee overcoat is determined according to actual needs.Wear forming tube 18 at the middle part of supporting plate 2, this forming tube 18 is the straight nested structure of steel, and is positioned at immediately below pressure head 9, and forming tube 18 and supporting plate 2 matched in clearance, the bottom of forming tube 18 is supported by rotary table.Described rotary table is made up of the rotating part A cooperatively interacted and fixed position B, the fixed position B of rotary table is connected with supporting plate 2 by four " L " shape hangers 19 by the rectangular distribution, " L " shape hanger 19 is shaping by steel plate punched, should fix with the fixed position B of rotary table and supporting plate 2 by welding by " L " shape hanger 19.
The ring wall of forming tube 18 bottom is formed with a circle boss, this boss by many circumferentially equally distributed bolt be connected with the rotating part A of rotary table, this rotating part A is driven by the main reducing motor 20 of below.Main reducing motor 20 is from top to bottom successively through upper cross plate 21 and lower cross plate 22, the upper end of main reducing motor 20 has a circle positioning boss, this positioning boss is supported by upper cross plate 21, fixed by circumferentially equally distributed bolt between the two, the lower end of main reducing motor 20 and lower cross plate 22 matched in clearance.Described upper cross plate 21 and lower cross plate 22 are rectangle, and are parallel to each other, four angles of each transverse slat and four root post 3 one_to_one corresponding, and four of each transverse slat angles are welded with corresponding column 3 phase.
The structure that the utility model does not describe and operation principle same as the prior art, therefore not to repeat here.

Claims (7)

1. the fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine for material forming, comprise base (1), locating piece (5), upper slide (6), lower skateboard (7), load bar (8) and pressure head (9), it is characterized in that: in the top of base (1), supporting plate (2) is set, this supporting plate (2) is fixed by four columns (3) by the rectangular distribution and base (1), described supporting plate (2) arranges two symmetrical leads (4), the opposite face of these two leads (4) is all provided with line slideway (14), and top common support top board (11) of two leads (4),
Described top board (11) is installed hydraulic cylinder (10), the piston rod of this hydraulic cylinder (10) straight down, and be connected with the upper end of elevating lever (12), the lower end of described elevating lever (12) and the top of Connection Block (13) are fixed, this Connection Block (13) is built with pressure sensor, the bottom of Connection Block (13) and the central authorities at upper slide (6) top fix, in the below of described upper slide (6), load bar (8) is installed, the lower end of this load bar (8) is through lower skateboard (7) and locating piece (5), and be connected with pressure head (9), described locating piece (5) and lower skateboard (7) fix,
Described pressure head (9) is up-small and down-big frustum structure, and is made of cast iron, and is coated with abrasion-resistant stee overcoat in all sides of pressure head (9) and bottom surface, forming tube (18) is worn at the middle part of described supporting plate (2), this forming tube (18) is the straight nested structure of steel, and the bottom of forming tube (18) is supported by rotary table, described rotary table is made up of the rotating part cooperatively interacted (A) and fixed position (B), the fixed position (B) of rotary table is fixed with supporting plate (2) by four " L " shapes hanger (19) by the rectangular distribution, removably connect between the rotating part (A) of rotary table and forming tube (18), and the rotating part of rotary table (A) is driven by the main reducing motor (20) of below, described main reducing motor (20) is from top to bottom successively through upper cross plate (21) and lower cross plate (22), the upper end of main reducing motor (20) has a circle positioning boss, this positioning boss is supported by upper cross plate (21), be bolted between the two, the lower end of main reducing motor (20) and lower cross plate (22) matched in clearance
Be connected by two, left and right spring (17) between described upper slide (6) with lower skateboard (7), positioning seat (15) is all fixed with at the two ends, left and right at upper slide (6) top and the two ends, left and right of lower skateboard (7) bottom, each positioning seat (15) installs slide block (16) on the side of respective side lead (4), and this slide block (16) is slidably matched with line slideway (14) gapless of respective side.
2. the fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine for material forming according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the top of described load bar (8) is formed with disk, the bottom surface of this disk and upper slide (6) fits, and is fixed by circumferentially equally distributed bolt.
3. the fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine for material forming according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the epimere of described locating piece (5) stretches in the centre bore of lower skateboard (7), the end face of locating piece (5) is concordant with the upper surface of lower skateboard (7), ring-shaped step is formed at locating piece (5) integral middle, the bottom surface of this ring-shaped step and lower skateboard (7) fits, and is fixed by circumferentially equally distributed bolt.
4. the fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine for material forming according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described positioning seat (15) is packet, this positioning seat (15) is fixed with corresponding slide plate by screw, and described slide block (16) is installed on the side of positioning seat (15) by screw.
5. the fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine for material forming according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: on the ring wall of described forming tube (18) bottom, be formed with a circle boss, this boss by many circumferentially equally distributed bolt be connected with the rotating part (A) of rotary table.
6. the fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine for material forming according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described " L " shape hanger (19) are shaping by steel plate punched, should " L " shape hanger (19) fixing with the fixed position (B) of rotary table and supporting plate (2) by welding.
7. the fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine for material forming according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described upper cross plate (21) and lower cross plate (22) are rectangle, and be parallel to each other, four angles of each transverse slat and four root posts (3) one_to_one corresponding, and four of each transverse slat angles are welded mutually with corresponding column (3).
CN201420668040.9U 2014-11-07 2014-11-07 For the fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine of material forming Expired - Fee Related CN204222247U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420668040.9U CN204222247U (en) 2014-11-07 2014-11-07 For the fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine of material forming

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420668040.9U CN204222247U (en) 2014-11-07 2014-11-07 For the fluid pressure type high-mechanic rotating material-pressing machine of material forming

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CN204222247U true CN204222247U (en) 2015-03-25

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107033982A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-08-11 深圳市昌圣新能源科技有限公司 A kind of new energy straw coal process equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107033982A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-08-11 深圳市昌圣新能源科技有限公司 A kind of new energy straw coal process equipment
CN107033982B (en) * 2017-05-10 2018-05-29 董再田 A kind of new energy straw coal process equipment

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150325

Termination date: 20151107

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model