CN104368318A - 一种pm2.5吸附剂及其制备方法 - Google Patents

一种pm2.5吸附剂及其制备方法 Download PDF

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CN104368318A
CN104368318A CN201410557868.1A CN201410557868A CN104368318A CN 104368318 A CN104368318 A CN 104368318A CN 201410557868 A CN201410557868 A CN 201410557868A CN 104368318 A CN104368318 A CN 104368318A
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张红骏
张伟程
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Fanchang Beisi Productivity Promotion Center Co Ltd
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Abstract

一种PM2.5吸附剂,由下列重量份的原料制成:活性炭80-90、硅酸钠3-4、高锰酸钾0.2-0.3、菱铁矿粉末3-4、柚子皮粉1.5-2、聚丙烯酸酯乳液1-2、纳米氧化锌2-3、乳酸1-2、碳酸锶1-2、膨润土7-11、增孔剂1-2、1Mol/L氢氧化钠溶液130-150、1Mol/L氯化钙溶液140-160、水适量、助剂3-5;本发明的吸附剂吸附性好,空气净化效果好,对空气的中细菌、甲醛、PM2.5具有良好的吸附作用,通过使用纳米氧化锌,能够催化氧化甲醛等有害物质,还能够杀菌。通过使用本发明助剂,能够防止皮肤过敏,提神醒脑,提高过滤性能。

Description

一种PM2.5吸附剂及其制备方法
技术领域
本发明涉及吸附剂领域,尤其涉及一种PM2.5吸附剂及其制备方法。 
背景技术
近几年雾霾天气越来越严重,PM2.5严重超标,雾霾中含有大量病菌和粉尘,给人们的健康带来了极大的威胁,目前的普通的口罩吸附剂基本以活性炭为主,但是活性炭对颗粒污染物的吸附和过滤效果有限,大气中各种有机废气污染物也逐渐增多,活性炭吸附剂不能分解除去这些污染物,即便吸附到口罩上,也对人体健康有影响,因此为了保障人们的身体健康,需要对口罩吸附剂进行改进。 
发明内容
本发明的目的在于提供一种PM2.5吸附剂及其制备方法,该吸附剂吸附性好,空气净化效果好,对空气的中细菌、甲醛、PM2.5具有良好的吸附作用,通过使用纳米氧化锌,能够催化氧化甲醛等有害物质,还能够杀菌。 
本发明的技术方案如下: 
一种PM2.5吸附剂,其特征在于由下列重量份的原料制成:活性炭80-90、硅酸钠3-4、高锰酸钾0.2-0.3、菱铁矿粉末3-4、柚子皮粉1.5-2、聚丙烯酸酯乳液1-2、纳米氧化锌2-3、乳酸1-2、碳酸锶1-2、膨润土7-11、增孔剂1-2、1Mol/L氢氧化钠溶液130-150、1Mol/L氯化钙溶液140-160、水适量、助剂3-5;
所述助剂由下列重量份的原料制成:葡萄籽3-4、银杏叶1-2、乙醇4-6、淀粉胶0.5-1、氢氧化铁1-2、粘土4-6、茶树精油0.4-0.7、硅酸乙酯3-4、水适量;制备方法为:将葡萄籽、银杏叶粉碎,加水和乙醇煎煮,过滤得滤饼和浆液,将滤饼烘干,与氢氧化铁、粘土混合,粉碎至180目以下,与淀粉胶、硅酸乙酯一起送入搅拌机中,加水搅拌成膏体,挤压成条,然后在炭化炉中隔绝空气加热至700-800℃,保温40-50分钟,得到炭化料,将炭化料在850-900℃下用水蒸气活化2-2.5小时,取出,均匀再喷洒茶树精油和所述浆液的混合物,烘干,粉碎成0.3mm以下的颗粒,即得。
所述PM2.5吸附剂的制备方法,其特征在于包括以下步骤: 
(1)将聚丙烯酸酯乳液、乳酸、菱铁矿粉末、碳酸锶、膨润土混合,加入7-9倍重量份的水,搅拌10-14小时,在70-80℃下蒸发脱水,至含水量为4-6%,在 200-250℃下煅烧1-2小时,粉碎,过100目筛,得到颗粒;
(2)将除了助剂之外其他剩余成分混合,加水,造粒,在500-600℃下焙烧30-40分钟,粉碎过30目筛,得到颗粒;
(3)将前两步得到的颗粒与助剂混合,加入1Mol/L氢氧化钠溶液,加热至95-98℃,处理1.5-2小时,洗涤,干燥;
(4)将第(3)步得到的物料加入1Mol/L氯化钙溶液中,加热至75-80℃,浸泡5-6个小时,洗涤,干燥,即得。
本发明的有益效果 
本发明的吸附剂吸附性好,空气净化效果好,对空气的中细菌、甲醛、PM2.5具有良好的吸附作用,通过使用纳米氧化锌,能够催化氧化甲醛等有害物质,还能够杀菌。通过使用本发明助剂,能够防止皮肤过敏,提神醒脑,提高过滤性能。
具体实施方式
一种PM2.5吸附剂,由下列重量份(公斤)的原料制成:活性炭85、硅酸钠3.5、高锰酸钾0.2、菱铁矿粉末3.5、柚子皮粉1.8、聚丙烯酸酯乳液1.5、纳米氧化锌2.5、乳酸1.5、碳酸锶1.5、膨润土9、增孔剂1.5、1Mol/L氢氧化钠溶液140、1Mol/L氯化钙溶液150、水适量、助剂4; 
所述助剂由下列重量份(公斤)的原料制成:葡萄籽3.5、银杏叶1.5、乙醇5、淀粉胶0.8、氢氧化铁1.5、粘土5、茶树精油0.6、硅酸乙酯3.5、水适量;制备方法为:将葡萄籽、银杏叶粉碎,加水和乙醇煎煮,过滤得滤饼和浆液,将滤饼烘干,与氢氧化铁、粘土混合,粉碎至180目以下,与淀粉胶、硅酸乙酯一起送入搅拌机中,加水搅拌成膏体,挤压成条,然后在炭化炉中隔绝空气加热至750℃,保温45分钟,得到炭化料,将炭化料在880℃下用水蒸气活化2.3小时,取出,均匀再喷洒茶树精油和所述浆液的混合物,烘干,粉碎成0.3mm以下的颗粒,即得。
所述PM2.5吸附剂的制备方法,包括以下步骤: 
(1)将聚丙烯酸酯乳液、乳酸、菱铁矿粉末、碳酸锶、膨润土混合,加入8倍重量份的水,搅拌12小时,在75℃下蒸发脱水,至含水量为5%,在 230℃下煅烧1.5小时,粉碎,过100目筛,得到颗粒;
(2)将除了助剂之外其他剩余成分混合,加水,造粒,在550℃下焙烧35分钟,粉碎过30目筛,得到颗粒;
(3)将前两步得到的颗粒与助剂混合,加入1Mol/L氢氧化钠溶液,加热至97℃,处理1.7小时,洗涤,干燥;
(4)将第(3)步得到的物料加入1Mol/L氯化钙溶液中,加热至77℃,浸泡5.5个小时,洗涤,干燥,即得。
试验数据
该吸附剂的比表面积为479㎡/g,对苯的饱和吸附量为0.38g/g,将该吸附剂用于无纺布口罩,对PM2.5的滤性为97.5%。

Claims (2)

1.一种PM2.5吸附剂,其特征在于由下列重量份的原料制成:活性炭80-90、硅酸钠3-4、高锰酸钾0.2-0.3、菱铁矿粉末3-4、柚子皮粉1.5-2、聚丙烯酸酯乳液1-2、纳米氧化锌2-3、乳酸1-2、碳酸锶1-2、膨润土7-11、增孔剂1-2、1Mol/L氢氧化钠溶液130-150、1Mol/L氯化钙溶液140-160、水适量、助剂3-5;
所述助剂由下列重量份的原料制成:葡萄籽3-4、银杏叶1-2、乙醇4-6、淀粉胶0.5-1、氢氧化铁1-2、粘土4-6、茶树精油0.4-0.7、硅酸乙酯3-4、水适量;制备方法为:将葡萄籽、银杏叶粉碎,加水和乙醇煎煮,过滤得滤饼和浆液,将滤饼烘干,与氢氧化铁、粘土混合,粉碎至180目以下,与淀粉胶、硅酸乙酯一起送入搅拌机中,加水搅拌成膏体,挤压成条,然后在炭化炉中隔绝空气加热至700-800℃,保温40-50分钟,得到炭化料,将炭化料在850-900℃下用水蒸气活化2-2.5小时,取出,均匀再喷洒茶树精油和所述浆液的混合物,烘干,粉碎成0.3mm以下的颗粒,即得。
2.根据权利要求1所述PM2.5吸附剂的制备方法,其特征在于包括以下步骤:
(1)将聚丙烯酸酯乳液、乳酸、菱铁矿粉末、碳酸锶、膨润土混合,加入7-9倍重量份的水,搅拌10-14小时,在70-80℃下蒸发脱水,至含水量为4-6%,在 200-250℃下煅烧1-2小时,粉碎,过100目筛,得到颗粒;
(2)将除了助剂之外其他剩余成分混合,加水,造粒,在500-600℃下焙烧30-40分钟,粉碎过30目筛,得到颗粒;
(3)将前两步得到的颗粒与助剂混合,加入1Mol/L氢氧化钠溶液,加热至95-98℃,处理1.5-2小时,洗涤,干燥;
(4)将第(3)步得到的物料加入1Mol/L氯化钙溶液中,加热至75-80℃,浸泡5-6个小时,洗涤,干燥,即得。
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105289520A (zh) * 2015-10-23 2016-02-03 杨洋 一种甲醛捕捉剂及其制备方法
CN106732449A (zh) * 2016-12-05 2017-05-31 郑州诚合信息技术有限公司 一种吸附pm2.5的复合材料及其制备方法和应用
CN108208972A (zh) * 2018-01-05 2018-06-29 仙桃市鼎业劳保用品有限公司 防pm2.5活性炭口罩
CN109181600A (zh) * 2018-08-06 2019-01-11 安徽嘉美工艺品有限公司 一种木质工艺品用环保胶黏剂
CN110302762A (zh) * 2019-04-08 2019-10-08 天津大学 基于褐煤提质副产物的去除低浓度重金属的低成本吸收剂及其制备方法、应用
CN110423044A (zh) * 2019-07-24 2019-11-08 中国建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 提高混凝土吸附pm2.5能力的添加剂及其制备方法和应用

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CN105289520A (zh) * 2015-10-23 2016-02-03 杨洋 一种甲醛捕捉剂及其制备方法
CN106732449A (zh) * 2016-12-05 2017-05-31 郑州诚合信息技术有限公司 一种吸附pm2.5的复合材料及其制备方法和应用
CN108208972A (zh) * 2018-01-05 2018-06-29 仙桃市鼎业劳保用品有限公司 防pm2.5活性炭口罩
CN109181600A (zh) * 2018-08-06 2019-01-11 安徽嘉美工艺品有限公司 一种木质工艺品用环保胶黏剂
CN110302762A (zh) * 2019-04-08 2019-10-08 天津大学 基于褐煤提质副产物的去除低浓度重金属的低成本吸收剂及其制备方法、应用
CN110302762B (zh) * 2019-04-08 2021-09-14 天津大学 基于褐煤提质副产物的去除低浓度重金属的低成本吸收剂及其制备方法、应用
CN110423044A (zh) * 2019-07-24 2019-11-08 中国建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 提高混凝土吸附pm2.5能力的添加剂及其制备方法和应用
CN110423044B (zh) * 2019-07-24 2021-11-30 中国建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 提高混凝土吸附pm2.5能力的添加剂及其制备方法和应用

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