CN104352767A - 一种治疗颈源性头痛的中药 - Google Patents

一种治疗颈源性头痛的中药 Download PDF

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CN104352767A
CN104352767A CN201410565279.8A CN201410565279A CN104352767A CN 104352767 A CN104352767 A CN 104352767A CN 201410565279 A CN201410565279 A CN 201410565279A CN 104352767 A CN104352767 A CN 104352767A
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刘艳菊
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Jinan Weichuan Information Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

本发明涉及中药技术领域,特别涉及一种治疗颈源性头痛的中药。该治疗颈源性头痛的中药,其特殊之处在于:主要由以下重量份数的原料制成:党参2-5份,木香2-6份,灵芝1-4份,香附1-5份,黄芪2-5份,桂枝1-4份,赤芍2-4份,豨莶2-4份,麻黄1-3份,川芎2-6份,黄精1-3份,甘草2-6份,地龙1-4份,牛蒡子2-5份,柏子仁2-6份,麦冬1-3份,刺五加2.5-5份,知母1-4份,鸡血藤1-4份,佩兰1-4份,大腹皮2-4份,白花蛇舌草1-2份,苍耳1-3份,回心草2-5份,红花2-4份。本发明吸收效果好、疗效显著、无副作用,能减少病人痛苦,提高了病人的生活质量;而且其无毒副作用,病人可安心服用,总有效率达96%。

Description

一种治疗颈源性头痛的中药
[0001](一)
技术领域
本发明涉及中药技术领域,特别涉及一种治疗颈源性头痛的中药。
[0002] ( 二)
背景技术
颈源性头痛发病早期多为枕部、耳后部、耳下部不适感,以后转为闷胀或酸痛感,逐渐出现疼痛。疼痛部位可扩展到前额、顳部、顶部、颈部。有的可同时出现同侧肩背上肢疼痛。疼痛可有缓解期。随病程进展,疼痛逐渐加重,持续性存在,缓解期缩短,发作性加重。寒冷、劳累、饮酒、情绪激动可诱发疼痛加重。颈源性头痛患者的年龄多在20〜60岁,但年幼者也不少见。本病以女性多见。
[0003] 颈源性头痛常常不表现在它的病理改变部位,其疼痛部位常模糊不清,分布弥散并向远方牵涉,可出现牵涉性疼痛类似鼻窦或眼部疾病的表现。部分患者疼痛时伴有耳鸣、耳胀、眼部闷胀、颈部僵硬感。多数患者在疼痛发作时喜欢用手持压疼痛处以求缓解。口服非留体抗炎药可减轻头痛。颈源性头痛在伏案工作者中发病率较高。病程较长者工作效益下降、注意力和记忆力降低,情绪低落、烦躁、易怒,易疲劳,生活和工作质量明显降低。检查可发现在耳下方颈椎旁及乳定下后方有明显压痛。病程较长者可有颈后部、顳部、顶部、枕部压痛点。有的患者局部触觉、针刺觉减弱,部分患者患侧嗅觉、味觉和舌颊部感觉减退。部分患者压顶试验和托头试验可阳性。但也有患者无明显体征。有的患侧白发明显多于对侧。X光检查可见不同程度的颈椎退行性改变,有的可见颈椎间孔狭窄,椎体前后缘增生,或棘突增宽变厚,棘上韧带钙化。CT检查多无特殊变化,少数患者可见颈椎间盘突出,但与疼痛部位及程度不一定密切相关。
[0004] 西医药物治本不治标,且副作用大,中医有着悠久的历史,千百年来积累了丰富的经验,对许多疾病都有独到的见解和确切的疗效,且中医注重整体观念,进行辩证论治,针对病症进行辩证治疗,具有良好的治疗效果。
[0005](三)
发明内容
本发明为了弥补现有技术的不足,提供了一种起效快、制备简单、无副作用的治疗颈源性头痛的中药。
[0006] 本发明是通过如下技术方案实现的:
一种治疗颈源性头痛的中药,其特殊之处在于:主要由以下重量份数的原料制成:
党参2-5份,木香2-6份,灵芝1-4份,香附1-5份,黄芪2_5份,桂枝1_4份,赤芍2_4份,豨莶2-4份,麻黄1-3份,川芎2-6份,黄精1-3份,甘草2_6份,地龙1_4份,牛蒡子2_5份,柏子仁2-6份,麦冬1-3份,刺五加2.5-5份,知母1-4份,鸡血藤1_4份,佩兰1_4份,大腹皮2-4份,白花蛇舌草1-2份,苍耳1-3份,回心草2-5份,红花2_4份。
[0007] 下面为本发明中各药材的功能及作用:
党参:性味:甘,平。归经:归脾、肺经。功效主治:补中益气,健脾益肺。用于脾肺虚弱,气短心悸,食少便溏,虚喘咳嗽,内热消渴。
[0008] 木香:性味:辛、苦,温,归经:归脾、胃、大肠、三焦、胆经。功效:行气止痛,健脾消食。用于胸脘胀痛,泻痢后重,食积不消,不思饮食。煨木香实肠止泻。用于泄泻腹痛。
[0009] 灵芝:性味:甘、平。归经:入肺、心、脾经。主治:益气强壮,养心安神。主治虚劳羸弱,食欲不振,心悸,失眠,头晕,神疲乏力,久咳气喘,冠心病,高血压病,高血脂病,矽肺。
[0010] 香附:性味:辛、微苦、微甘,平。归经:肝、脾、三焦。功效:行气解郁,调经止痛。用于肝郁气滞,胸、胁、脘腹胀痛,消化不良,胸脘痞闷,寒疝腹痛,乳房胀痛,月经不调,经闭痛经。
[0011] 黄芪:性味:甘,温。归经:归肺、脾经。功能主治:补气固表,利尿托毒,排脓,敛疮生肌。用于气虚乏力,食少便溏,中气下陷,久泻脱肛,便血崩漏,表虚自汗,气虚水肿,痈疽难溃,久溃不敛,血虚痿黄,内热消渴;慢性肾炎蛋白尿,糖尿病。
[0012] 桂枝:性味:辛、甘,温。归心、肺、膀胱经。发汗解肌,温通经脉,助阳化气,平冲降气。用于风寒感冒,脘腹冷痛,血寒经闭,关节痹痛,痰饮,水肿,心悸,奔豚。
[0013] 赤芍:性味:酸、苦凉。归经:归肝、脾经。功效:行瘀,止痛,凉血,消肿。治瘀滞经闭,疝瘕积聚,腹痛,胁痛,衄血,血痢,肠风下血,目赤,痈肿。
[0014] 豨莶:性味:苦,寒。归经:归肝、脾、肾经。功效主治:祛风湿,利筋骨,降血压。治四肢麻痹,筋骨疼痛,腰膝无力,疟疾,急性肝炎,高血压病,疔疮肿毒,外伤出血。
[0015] 麻黄:性味:辛、微苦,温。归经:归肺、膀胱经。功效:发汗散寒,宣肺平喘,利水消肿。用于风寒感冒,胸闷喘咳,风水浮肿;支气管哮喘。蜜麻黄润肺止咳。多用于表症已解,气喘咳嗽。
[0016] 川芎:性味:辛,温。归经:肝、胆、心包经。功能主治:活血行气,祛风止痛。用于月经不调,经闭痛经,症瘕腹痛,胸胁刺痛,跌扑肿痛,头痛,风湿痹痛。
[0017] 黄精:性味:甘、平。归经:归脾、肺、肾经。功能:补气养阴,健脾,润肺,益肾。用于脾胃虚弱,体倦乏力,口干食少,肺虚燥咳,精血不足,内热消渴。
[0018] 甘草:性味:甘,平。归经:心、肺、脾、胃经。功能与主治:补脾益气,清热解毒,祛痰止咳,缓急止痛,调和诸药。用于脾胃虚弱,倦怠乏力,心悸气短,咳嗽痰多,脘腹、四肢挛急疼痛,痈肿疮毒,缓解药物毒性、烈性。
[0019] 地龙:性味:咸、寒,归经:归肝、肺、肾经。功能:止痉、熄风、通络、平喘。主治热病发热狂躁,惊痫抽搐,肝阳头痛,目赤肿痛,中风偏瘫,风湿痹痛,小儿疝疾,肺热喘咳。咽喉红肿,鼻衄,小便不通。
[0020] 牛蒡子:性味:辛、苦、寒;归经:归肺胃经。功能:风热感冒、温病初起;风热或肺热咳嗽、咯痰不畅;咽喉肿痛;斑疹不透;麻疹初期,疹出不畅及风疹瘙痒;疮疡肿毒及痄腮等。生用可润肠通便,热毒咽喉红肿疼痛,兼有热结便秘尤宜。用于热毒疮肿尚未溃者,常与麦冬,柏子仁等清热解毒药配伍。
[0021] 柏子仁:性味:甘,平;归经:入心、肾、大肠经。功能主治:养心安神,止汗,润肠。用于虚烦失眠,心悸怔忡,阴虚盗汗,肠燥便秘。
[0022] 麦冬:性味:甘,微苦,微寒;归经:归心、肺、胃经。功效主治:养阴生津,润肺清心。用于肺燥干咳。虚痨咳嗽,津伤口渴,心烦失眠,内热消渴,肠燥便秘;咽白喉。
[0023] 刺五加:性味:辛,温。归经:入肝、肾二经。功能主治:益气、补肾、安神,活血。主治:脾虚乏力,气虚浮肿,失眠多梦,健忘,腰膝酸软,小儿行迟,胸痹疼痛,久咳,风湿痹痛,冠心病,心绞痛。
[0024] 知母:性味:苦、甘,寒。归经:肺、胃、肾经;功能主治:清热泻火,生津润燥。用于外感热病,高热烦渴,肺热燥咳,骨蒸潮热,内热消渴,肠燥便秘。
[0025] 鸡血藤:性味:苦、微甘,温。归经:肝、肾经。功能与主治:活血舒筋,养血调经。主治手足麻木,肢体瘫痪,风湿痹痛,贫血,月经不调,痛经,闭经。
[0026] 佩兰:药性:辛,平,归脾、胃、肺经。功能主治:芳香化湿,醒脾开胃,发表解暑。用于湿浊中阻,脘痞呕恶,口中甜腻,口臭,多涎,暑湿表症,头胀胸闷。
[0027] 大腹皮:性味:辛,微温。归经:脾、胃、大肠、小肠经。功能与主治:下气宽中,行水消肿。用于湿阻气滞,脘腹胀闷,大便不爽,水肿胀满,脚气浮肿,小便不利。
[0028] 白花蛇舌草:性味:甘、淡,凉。归经:入胃、大肠、小肠经。功能主治:清热解毒,利尿消肿,活血止痛。用于肠痈(阑尾炎),疮疖肿毒,湿热黄疸,小便不利等症;外用治疮疖痈肿,毒蛇咬伤。
[0029] 苍耳:性味:苦辛,寒,有毒,功能主治:祛风散热,解毒杀虫。治头风,头晕,湿痹拘挛,目赤、目翳,风癞,疔肿,热毒疮疡,皮肤瘙痒。
[0030] 回心草:性味:辛、苦,平,功能主治:养心安神,清肝明目。用于心悸怔忡,神经衰弱;外用治目赤肿痛。
[0031] 红花:性味:辛、温;归经:归心、肝经。功能主治:活血通经,散瘀止痛。用于经闭,痛经,恶露不行,症瘕痞块,跌扑损伤,疮疡肿痛。
[0032] 本发明的制备方法为:将上述中药用开水浸泡I小时后煎煮,煎煮时水份超过中药3-5公分,在水沸腾后用文火煎煮30-50分钟后,过滤倒出药液即可服用,分早晚,一日两次。
[0033] 本发明吸收效果好、疗效显著、无副作用,能减少病人痛苦,提高了病人的生活质量;而且其无毒副作用,病人可安心服用,总有效率达96 %。
[0034](四)具体实施方式实施例1
取党参2克,木香2克,灵芝I克,香附I克,黄芪2克,桂枝I克,赤芍2克,豨莶2克,麻黄I克,川芎2克,黄精I克,甘草2克,地龙I克,牛蒡子2克,柏子仁2克,麦冬I克,刺五加2.5克,知母I克,鸡血藤I克,佩兰I克,大腹皮2克,白花蛇舌草I克,苍耳I克,回心草2克,红花2克用开水浸泡I小时后煎煮,煎煮时水份超过中药3公分,在水沸腾后用文火煎煮30分钟后,过滤倒出药液即可服用,分早晚,一日两次。
[0035] 实施例2
将党参3克,木香3克,灵芝2克,香附1-5份,黄芪3克,桂枝2克,赤芍3克,豨莶3克,麻黄2克,川芎3克,黄精2克,甘草3克,地龙2克,牛蒡子3克,柏子仁3克,麦冬2克,刺五加3克,知母2克,鸡血藤2克,佩兰2克,大腹皮3克,白花蛇舌草2克,苍耳2克,回心草3克,红花3克用开水浸泡I小时后煎煮,煎煮时水份超过中药4公分,在水沸腾后用文火煎煮40分钟后,过滤倒出药液即可服用,分早晚,一日两次。
[0036] 实施例3
将党参4克,木香4克,灵芝1-4份,香附3克,黄芪4克,桂枝3克,赤芍4克,豨莶4克,麻黄3克,川芎4克,黄精3克,甘草4克,地龙3克,牛蒡子4克,柏子仁4克,麦冬3克,刺五加4克,知母3克,鸡血藤3克,佩兰3克,大腹皮4克,白花蛇舌草2克,苍耳3克,回心草4克,红花3克用开水浸泡I小时后煎煮,煎煮时水份超过中药5公分,在水沸腾后用文火煎煮45分钟后,过滤倒出药液即可服用,分早晚,一日两次。
[0037] 实施例4
将党参5克,木香6克,灵芝4克,香附5克,黄芪5克,桂枝4克,赤芍4克,豨莶4克,麻黄3克,川芎6克,黄精3克,甘草6克,地龙4克,牛蒡子5克,柏子仁6克,麦冬3克,刺五加5克,知母4克,鸡血藤4克,佩兰4克,大腹皮4克,白花蛇舌草2克,苍耳3克,回心草5克,红花4克用开水浸泡I小时后煎煮,煎煮时水份超过中药5公分,在水沸腾后用文火煎煮50分钟后,过滤倒出药液即可服用,分早晚,一日两次。
[0038] 临床观察:
(I) 一般资料:
本发明人于2010年至今,选取68例患者进行临床观察治疗。年龄16至58岁,其中男23例,女45例。
[0039] (2)治疗方法:
用本发明的药物用水煎服,早晚各一次,10天为一疗程,根据病情及恢复快慢治疗1-6个月不等。
[0040] (3)疗效评定标准:
治愈:头痛和伴随症状消失。
[0041] 有效:头痛和伴随症状好转,发作频率明显降低,发作间期明显延长,头痛明显减轻。
[0042] 无效:头痛和伴随症状无改变。
[0043] (4)治疗效果:
治愈52例,有效13例,无效3例,所有病例均无不良反应。

Claims (1)

1.一种治疗颈源性头痛的中药,其特殊之处在于:主要由以下重量份数的原料制成:党参2-5份,木香2-6份,灵芝1-4份,香附1-5份,黄芪2_5份,桂枝1_4份,赤芍2_4份,豨莶2-4份,麻黄1-3份,川芎2-6份,黄精1-3份,甘草2_6份,地龙1_4份,牛蒡子2_5份,柏子仁2-6份,麦冬1-3份,刺五加2.5-5份,知母1-4份,鸡血藤1_4份,佩兰1_4份,大腹皮2-4份,白花蛇舌草1-2份,苍耳1-3份,回心草2-5份,红花2_4份。
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CN106138918A (zh) * 2016-08-22 2016-11-23 孙玉杰 一种治疗颈源性头痛的中西医结合药物及制备方法

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CN101897777A (zh) * 2010-07-15 2010-12-01 重庆市南川区瑞丰农业开发有限责任公司 治疗颈源性头痛的中草药
CN102670943A (zh) * 2012-05-31 2012-09-19 宋玉成 一种治疗颈源性头痛的中药

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CN101897777A (zh) * 2010-07-15 2010-12-01 重庆市南川区瑞丰农业开发有限责任公司 治疗颈源性头痛的中草药
CN102670943A (zh) * 2012-05-31 2012-09-19 宋玉成 一种治疗颈源性头痛的中药

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106138918A (zh) * 2016-08-22 2016-11-23 孙玉杰 一种治疗颈源性头痛的中西医结合药物及制备方法

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