CN105362827A - 一种可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物及其制备方法 - Google Patents

一种可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物及其制备方法 Download PDF

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CN105362827A
CN105362827A CN201510857106.8A CN201510857106A CN105362827A CN 105362827 A CN105362827 A CN 105362827A CN 201510857106 A CN201510857106 A CN 201510857106A CN 105362827 A CN105362827 A CN 105362827A
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孙素蓉
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Sichuan Juhao Biotechnology Co Ltd
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Abstract

本发明属于中医药技术领域,目的是根据中医对贫血的认识机理而提供的一种可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:当归5~15g、肉桂2~8g、熟地10~30g、鸡内金5~15g、麦芽3~15g、决明子9~15g、金樱子7.5~15g、黄芪10~22g、党参6~15g、大蒜7.5~15g、白芍10~20g、人参3~15g、山萸肉5~10g、大黄3~12g、羌活3~10g、鹿角胶3~9g、龙眼肉10~15g、鸡血藤15~25g、牛膝15~25g、黄精15~25g、沙苑子10~15g、红景天3~8g、甘草2.5~15g、阿胶3~9g、女贞子7~16g;本发明药物是一个标本兼治的中药配方。

Description

一种可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物及其制备方法
技术领域
[0001] 本发明涉及中医药技术领域,具体涉及一种可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物,特别是供贫血患者使用的汤剂药物及其制备方法的领域。
背景技术
[0002] 贫血是指人体外周血红细胞容量臧少,低于正常范围下限的一种常见的临床症状。由于红细胞容量测定较复杂,临床上常以血红蛋白(Hb)浓度来代替。我国血液病学家认为在我国海平面地区,成年男性Hb〈120g/L,成年女性(非妊娠)Hb〈110g/L,孕妇Hb〈100g/L就有贫血。
[0003] 那么,就如何找到一种可有效治疗上述贫血的药物,是我们目前应该要解决的问题。
发明内容
[0004] 随着我国中医中药学的不断发展,在治疗贫血上,人们逐渐意识到了中医治疗上述疾病的优点,且在治疗过程中毒副作用小、费用低等优势,针对现有西医治疗上述贫血的现状,本发明的目的是在于提供一种可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物,以解决贫血患者早日恢复健康的问题。该药物是以常见的中药为原料,具有见效快、疗效显著等特点,并可有效治疗上述贫血一症。
[0005] 为达到上述发明的目的,本发明所采用的技术方案为:提供一种可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
当归5〜15g、肉桂2〜8g、熟地10〜30g、鸡内金5〜15g、麦芽3〜15g、决明子9〜15g、金樱子7.5〜15g、黄芪10〜22g、党参6〜15g、大蒜7.5〜15g、白芍10〜20g、人参3〜15g、山萸肉5〜10g、大黄3〜12g、宪活3〜10g、鹿角胶3〜9g、龙眼肉10〜15g、鸡血藤15〜25g、牛膝15〜25g、黄精15〜25g、沙苑子10〜15g、红景天3〜8g、甘草2.5〜15g、阿胶3〜9g、女贞子7〜16g。
[0006] —种可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
当归7〜13g、肉桂3〜7g、熟地12〜26g、鸡内金6〜13g、麦芽5〜13g、决明子10〜13g、金樱子9〜13g、黄芪12〜19g、党参7〜13g、大蒜9〜13g、白芍11〜17g、人参5〜13g、山萸肉6〜8.5g、大黄5〜10g、宪活4〜8g、鹿角胶4〜8g、龙眼肉11〜13g、鸡血藤16〜21g、牛膝16〜21g、黄精16〜21g、沙苑子10〜13g、红景天4〜7g、甘草3〜13g、阿胶4〜8g、女贞子8〜12g。
[0007] —种可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述“最佳方案”的药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
当归llg、肉桂6g、熟地23g、鸡内金12g、麦芽12g、决明子12g、金樱子12g、黄芪17g、党参12g、大蒜12g、白芍15g、人参12g、山萸肉8g、大黄8g、羌活7g、鹿角胶7g、龙眼肉llg、鸡血藤19g、牛膝18g、黄精18g、沙苑子12g、红景天6g、甘草12g、阿胶7g、女贞子10g。
[0008] —种可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤制备而成:
A、除鹿角胶和阿胶(烊化兑服)外,将其它原料中药拣去杂质和粉尘后,按照质量份比分别粉碎成粗粒状包煎;
B、将包好的原料中药放入冷开水中浸泡35分钟,然后再将浸泡好的药物和浸泡药物的澄清液一并放入煎药机内,注入过药35mm的冷开水进行第一次煎煮40分钟,滤取药液后,再次注入过药32_的微温开水进行第二次煎煮35分钟,两次混合浓缩成50%的中药液1080 _升备用。
[0009] —种可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述服用方法为:将制备好的中药液分二天服用,早中晚各服一次,给药量180毫升/次,饭前服。服药25-65天,病获痊愈。
[0010] 本发明组方中的各原料中药在中国药典、中国辞典以及中华本草中均有详细的记载。本发明选用其中最常见的中药为原料,充分发挥各组分的药理功效:
当归,性味:味甘、辛、微苦、性温,具有补血和血、调经止痛、润燥滑肠之功效,用于治疗月经不调、经闭腹痛、癥瘕结聚、崩漏、血虚头痛、眩晕、痿痹,肠燥便难、赤痢后重、痈疽疮窃、跌扑损伤等病症;
肉桂,性味:性大热、味辛、甘,具有补火助阳、引火归源、散寒止痛、活血通经之功效,用于治疗阳痿、宫冷、心腹冷痛、虚寒吐泻、经闭、痛经;
熟地,性味:味甘、性温,具有补血滋润、益精填髓之功效,用于治疗血虚萎黄、眩晕心悸、月经不调、崩不止、肝肾阴亏、潮热盗汗、遗精阳痿、不育不孕、月经不调、崩漏下血、腰膝酸软、耳鸣耳聋、头目昏花、须发早白、消渴、便秘、肾虚喘促;
鸡内金,性味:性甘平、微寒、无毒,具有消食健胃、涩精止遗之功效,用于治疗消积滞、健脾胃、食积胀满、呕吐反胃、泻痢、疳积、消渴、遗溺、喉痹乳蛾、牙疳口疮内服;
麦芽,性味:甘、平,具有行气消食、健脾开胃、退乳消胀之功效,用于治疗食积不消、脘腹胀痛、脾虚食少、乳汗郁积、乳房胀痛、妇女断乳,生麦芽健脾和胃通乳,用于脾虚食少、乳汗郁积;
决明子,性味:味苦、甘、咸,性微寒,具有清热明目、润肠通便之功效,用于治疗目赤涩痛、羞明多泪、头痛眩晕、目暗不明、大便秘结;
金樱子,性味:具有固精涩肠、缩尿止泻之功效,用于治疗滑精、遗尿、小便频数、脾虚泻痢、肺虚喘咳、自汗盗汗、崩漏带下;
黄苗,性味:甘、温,具有补气固表、利尿消肿、托毒排脓、敛疮生肌、生肌之功效,用于治疗气虚乏力、食少便溏、中气下陷、久泻脱肛、便血崩漏、表虚自汗、气虚水肿、痈疽难溃、久溃不敛、血虚痿黄、内热消渴,慢性肾炎蛋白尿、糖尿病;
党参,性味:性平、味甘、微酸,具有补中益气、健脾益肺之功效,用于治疗脾肺虚弱、气短心悸、食少便溏、虚喘咳嗽、内热消渴等症;
大蒜,性味:辛、温,具有行滞气、暖脾胃、消癥积、解毒、杀虫之功效,用于治疗饮食积滞、脘腹冷痛、水肿胀满、泄泻、痢疾、疟疾、百日咳、痈疽肿毒、白秃癣疮、蛇虫咬伤、行气消积、杀虫解毒; 白芍,性味:味苦、酸、微寒,具有平抑肝阳、养血收阴之功效,用于治疗头胀、头痛、眩晕、耳鸣、烦躁易怒、月经不调、痛经、崩漏、自汗、盗汗、胸胁疼痛、手足痉挛疼痛;
人参,性味:甘微苦、温,具有大补元气、固脱生津、安神之功效,用于治疗劳伤虚损、食少、倦怠、反胃吐食、大便滑泄、虚咳喘促、自汗暴脱、惊悸、健忘、眩晕头痛、阳痿、尿频、消渴、妇女崩漏、小儿慢惊、及久虚不复、一切气血津液不足之证;
山萸肉,性味:味酸、性微温,具有补益肝肾、收敛固脱之功效,用于治疗腰头晕目眩、耳聋耳鸣、腰膝酸软、跹精滑精、小便频数、虚汗不止、妇女崩漏;
大黄,性味:苦、寒具有攻积滞、清湿热、泻火、凉血、祛瘀、解毒之功效,用于治疗实热便秘、热结胸痞、湿热、泻痢、黄疸、淋病、水肿腹满、小便不利、目赤、咽喉肿痛、口舌生疮、胃热呕吐、吐血、咯血、衄血、便血、尿血;蓄血、经闭、产后瘀滞腹痛、癥瘕积聚、跌打损伤、热毒痈疡、丹毒、烫伤;
羌活,性味:辛、苦、温,具朋散寒、祛风、除湿、止痛之功效,用于治疗风寒感冒头痛,风湿痹痛、肩背酸痛;
鹿角胶,性味:味甘、咸、性温,具有补益精血、安胎止血之功效,用于治疗肾虚、精血不足、虚劳赢瘦、头晕耳鸣、腰膝酸软、阳痿滑精、宫寒不孕、胎动不安、崩漏带下、吐血、衄血、咯血、尿备、阴疽疮疡;
龙眼肉,性味:甘、温,具有补心脾、益气血、安心神之功效,用于治疗心脾两虚、气血不足所致的惊悸、怔忡、失眠、健忘、血虚萎黄、有经不调、崩漏;
鸡血藤,性味:苦甘、温,具有活血、舒筋之功效,用于治疗腰膝酸痛、麻木瘫痪、月经不调;
牛膝,性味:苦、酸、性平,具有生用散瘀血、消痈肿之功效,用于治疗淋病、尿血、经闭、百瘕、难产、胞衣不下、产后瘀血腹痛、喉痹、痈肿、跌打损伤,熟用补肝肾强筋骨,治腰膝骨痛、四肢拘挛、痿痹;
黄精,性味:性平、味甘,具有补脾,润肺,生津止渴,健脾之功效,用于治疗脾胃虚弱引起的食少便溏,体倦无力,以及肝肾精血亏虚,肺气虚损引起的诸症,还能保护心脑血管,降低血脂,降低血糖,增强机体免疫功能;
沙苑子,性味:甘、温,具有补肝、益肾、明目、固精之功效,用于治疗肝肾不足、腰膝酸痛、目昏、遗精早泄、小便频数、遗尿、尿血、白带;
红景天,性味:性寒、味甘、涩,具有清肺止咳、止血、止带之功效,用于治疗肺热咳嗽、咯血、白带,外用治跌打损伤、烧烫伤等症;
甘草,性味:甘、平,具有补脾益气、清热解毒、祛痰止咳、缓急止痛、调和诸药之功效,用于治疗食少、脾胃虚弱、腹痛便溏、倦怠乏力、心悸气短、咳嗽痰多、脘腹、四肢挛急疼痛、痈肿疮毒、缓解药物毒性和烈性;
阿胶,性味:性平、味甘,具有补血、止血、滋阴润肠之功效,用于治疗血虚萎黄、眩晕、心悸、多种出血证、阴虚证及燥证;
女贞子,性味:甘、苦、平,具有补益肝肾、清虚热、强腰膝、明耳目、乌须发之功效,用于治疗头昏目眩、腰膝酸软、遗精、耳鸣、须发早白、目暗不明等病。
[0011] 本发明药物是基于中医治疗贫血的辨病与辨证相结合的原则,从药理作用及作用机制认为:就贫血一症,本发明所提供的药物中的各原料中药药效共奏,对上述疾病有很好的治疗效果。
具体实施方式
[0012] 本发明就是针对上述贫血的治疗而提出的一种中药配方,采用该配方制备的药物药效好,见效快,是一个标本兼治的中药组方,特别适合临床使用。下面结合本发明的具体实施方式作进一步详细的描述:
实施例1:
一种可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物及其制备方法,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
当归llg、肉桂6g、熟地23g、鸡内金12g、麦芽12g、决明子12g、金樱子12g、黄芪17g、党参12g、大蒜12g、白芍15g、人参12g、山萸肉8g、大黄8g、羌活7g、鹿角胶7g、龙眼肉llg、鸡血藤19g、牛膝18g、黄精18g、沙苑子12g、红景天6g、甘草12g、阿胶7g、女贞子10g。
[0013] 实施例2:
一种可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物及其制备方法,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
当归13g、肉桂7g、熟地26g、鸡内金13g、麦芽13g、决明子13g、金樱子13g、黄芪19g、党参13g、大蒜13g、白芍17g、人参13g、山萸肉8.5g、大黄10g、羌活8g、鹿角胶8g、龙眼肉13g、鸡血藤21g、牛膝21g、黄精21g、沙苑子13g、红景天7g、甘草13g、阿胶8g、女贞子12g。
[0014] 实施例3:
一种可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物及其制备方法,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
当归15g、肉桂8g、熟地30g、鸡内金15g、麦芽15g、决明子15g、金樱子15g、黄芪22g、党参15g、大蒜15g、白芍20g、人参15g、山萸肉10g、大黄12g、羌活10g、鹿角胶9g、龙眼肉15g、鸡血藤25g、牛膝25g、黄精25g、沙苑子15g、红景天8g、甘草15g、阿胶9g、女贞子16g。
[0015] 典型病例:
经临床诊断治疗贫血患者共100例,年龄为6岁以上的51例,只有49例为6岁以下。100例患者中痊愈的93例,显效7例,总有效率达100%。经治疗后,病获痊愈。

Claims (3)

1.一种可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示: 当归5〜15g、肉桂2〜8g、熟地10〜30g、鸡内金5〜15g、麦芽3〜15g、决明子9〜15g、金樱子7.5〜15g、黄芪10〜22g、党参6〜15g、大蒜7.5〜15g、白芍10〜20g、人参3〜15g、山萸肉5〜10g、大黄3〜12g、宪活3〜10g、鹿角胶3〜9g、龙眼肉10〜15g、鸡血藤15〜25g、牛膝15〜25g、黄精15〜25g、沙苑子10〜15g、红景天3〜8g、甘草2.5〜15g、阿胶3〜9g、女贞子7〜16g。
2.根据权利要求1所述的可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示: 当归7〜13g、肉桂3〜7g、熟地12〜26g、鸡内金6〜13g、麦芽5〜13g、决明子10〜13g、金樱子9〜13g、黄芪12〜19g、党参7〜13g、大蒜9〜13g、白芍11〜17g、人参5〜13g、山萸肉6〜8.5g、大黄5〜10g、宪活4〜8g、鹿角胶4〜8g、龙眼肉11〜13g、鸡血藤16〜21g、牛膝16〜21g、黄精16〜21g、沙苑子10〜13g、红景天4〜7g、甘草3〜13g、阿胶4〜8g、女贞子8〜12g。
3.根据权利要求1至2所述的可有效治疗贫血的汤剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示: 当归llg、肉桂6g、熟地23g、鸡内金12g、麦芽12g、决明子12g、金樱子12g、黄芪17g、党参12g、大蒜12g、白芍15g、人参12g、山萸肉8g、大黄8g、羌活7g、鹿角胶7g、龙眼肉llg、鸡血藤19g、牛膝18g、黄精18g、沙苑子12g、红景天6g、甘草12g、阿胶7g、女贞子10g。
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CN106138382A (zh) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-23 张光光 一种治疗贫血的中药配方

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CN102688415A (zh) * 2012-05-08 2012-09-26 安徽智远生物科技有限公司 一种治疗贫血的中药组合物及其制备方法

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CN106138382A (zh) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-23 张光光 一种治疗贫血的中药配方

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