CN104342209A - Biomass thermal conversion device and use method thereof - Google Patents

Biomass thermal conversion device and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104342209A
CN104342209A CN201410610646.1A CN201410610646A CN104342209A CN 104342209 A CN104342209 A CN 104342209A CN 201410610646 A CN201410610646 A CN 201410610646A CN 104342209 A CN104342209 A CN 104342209A
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China
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biomass
kettle
thermal conversion
cover
vacuum
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CN201410610646.1A
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CN104342209B (en
Inventor
马培勇
孙亚栋
邢献军
李慧
李涛
胡运龙
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Hefei University of Technology
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Hefei University of Technology
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/02Fixed-bed gasification of lump fuel
    • C10J3/20Apparatus; Plants
    • C10J3/32Devices for distributing fuel evenly over the bed or for stirring up the fuel bed
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/02Fixed-bed gasification of lump fuel
    • C10J3/20Apparatus; Plants

Abstract

The invention discloses a biomass thermal conversion device and a use method thereof. The biomass thermal conversion device comprises an oil bath bush, a kettle body, a stirrer, a high-pressure steam generator, a kettle cover, a data acquisition instrument, a vacuum pump, another stirrer, a programmable temperature controller and various kinds of valve pipelines, wherein multiple complex processes such as pressurized pyrolysis, atmospheric pyrolysis, vacuum pyrolysis and the like of biomass can be realized by opening and closing different valves. Compared with the prior art, the biomass thermal conversion device and the use method thereof disclosed by the invention have the advantages that the conditions required by different biomass thermal conversion processes are fully considered; the multiple complex processes such as the pressurized pyrolysis, the atmospheric pyrolysis and the vacuum pyrolysis of the biomass can be realized, so that the diversification of biomass products is guaranteed; meanwhile, an optimal biomass thermal conversion process is facilitated to be explored, and the utilization efficiency of the device is improved.

Description

A kind of biomass thermal conversion system and using method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to Biomass Energy Utilization technical field, in particular a kind of biomass thermal conversion system and using method thereof.
Background technology
Along with the increase of energy demand and the environmental problem headed by PM2.5 become increasingly conspicuous, the status of biomass energy becomes increasingly conspicuous, and biomass thermal transforms, converted product high with its high-efficiency cleaning, energy utilization rate and has the advantages such as diversity,
Become a large focus in this field.Large quantity research shows, pyrolytic process condition has important impact to biomass thermal converted product and output: under pressurized heat conversion condition, Wood Adhesives from Biomass efficiency and efficiency of pcr product are all obviously promoted, and simultaneously the apparent activation energy of products therefrom and frequency factor increase along with the lifting of pressure; The bio oil of vacuum pyrolysis biomass gained is a kind of energy fuel of excellent property, and its solid phase byproduct pyrolytic carbon is the excellent raw material preparing gac simultaneously, and its methylene blue adsorption value and iodine sorption value all reach more excellent level.For the processing condition of various complexity, what occur is the Wood Adhesives from Biomass device of structure, Various Functions thereupon, but existing biomass fuel production facility is all for being combined by the equipment of multiple stage standalone feature, while mechanism's complexity, product characteristics is single, Whole Equipment cost is higher, and equipment efficiency of usage is low.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of biomass thermal conversion system and using method thereof.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: a kind of biomass thermal conversion system, comprise oil bath cover, kettle and kettle cover, kettle is the barrel-like structure of one end open, kettle is placed in oil bath cover, kettle cover is arranged on the opening surface of kettle, between kettle and kettle cover, sealing-ring is set, for sealing kettle, the region that kettle and kettle cover surround is reaction chamber, bottom autoclave body bottom, discharge opening is set, it is characterized in that on kettle cover, arrange inlet pipe and penstock, the bottom that kettle cover stretches to kettle is run through in one end of inlet pipe, the other end of inlet pipe connects air inlet threeway, the residue two ends of air inlet threeway connect vacuum control valve and high pressure steam control valve respectively, the high pressure steam control valve the other end connects high pressure steam generator, the other end of vacuum control valve connects vacuum pump, the top that kettle cover stretches to kettle is run through in one end of penstock, the other end Bonding pressure threeway of penstock, the residue two ends of pressure threeway connect vacuum pressure gauge valve and high-pressure steam pressure table valve respectively, the high-pressure steam pressure table valve the other end is connected with tensimeter, the vacuum pressure gauge valve the other end is connected with vacuumometer, oil bath cover is connected with temperature controller able to programme.
As further improvement of these options, also comprise motor, agitator and stirring shaft, motor is arranged on above kettle cover, and agitator is arranged in kettle, and stirring shaft runs through kettle cover and connects motor and agitator.
As further improvement of these options, it is characterized in that, sealing-ring is carbon seal ring.
As further improvement of these options, it is characterized in that, stirring shaft is hollow tubular structure, and in tube chamber, arrange thermopair for gathering temperature in the kettle information, thermopair is connected with data collecting instrument.
As further improvement of these options, it is characterized in that, also comprise pressure buffer pipe and automatic decompression valve, pressure buffer pipe one end is run through kettle cover and is led to reactor top, and the pressure buffer pipe the other end connects automatic decompression valve.
A using method for above-mentioned a kind of biomass thermal conversion system, is characterized in that step is as follows: step one, opened by kettle cover, is added by biomass material after in reaction chamber and is sealed by sealing-ring; Step 2, set temperature controller program able to programme make oil bath cover start heating; Step 3, unlatching motor drive agitator to rotate by stirring shaft, ensure that biomass material is heated evenly; Step 4, open high pressure steam control valve and high-pressure steam pressure table valve, make high pressure steam generator and tensimeter 16 in running order, realize biomass pressurized heat conversion process.
A using method for above-mentioned a kind of biomass thermal conversion system, is characterized in that step is as follows: step one, opened by kettle cover, is added by biomass material after in reaction chamber and is sealed by sealing-ring; Step 2, set temperature controller program able to programme make oil bath cover start heating; Step 3, unlatching motor drive agitator to rotate by stirring shaft, ensure that biomass material is heated evenly; Step 4, open vacuum control valve and vacuum pressure gauge valve, make vacuum pump and vacuumometer in running order, realize biomass vacuum thermal conversion process.
The present invention has the following advantages compared to existing technology: utilize efficient, clean biomass new forms of energy to replace traditional energy as starting material, provides a kind of effective way to the current Environmental and resource issue of solution; The Various Complex techniques such as biomass pressurized pyrolysis, normal pressure pyrolysis and vacuum pyrolysis can be realized, meet the condition needed for different biomass thermal conversion process, ensure that the diversity of biomass product, be conducive to seeking best biomass thermal conversion process simultaneously, improve the utilising efficiency of device; The combination of all kinds of instrument, controller and valve is conducive to the high precision ensureing this conversion system.This equipment fully considers the condition needed for different biomass thermal conversion process, the Various Complex techniques such as biomass pressurized pyrolysis, normal pressure pyrolysis and vacuum pyrolysis can be realized, ensure the diversity of biomass product, be conducive to seeking best biomass thermal conversion process simultaneously, improve the utilising efficiency of device.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment
Elaborate to embodiments of the invention below, the present embodiment is implemented under premised on technical solution of the present invention, give detailed embodiment and concrete operating process, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following embodiment.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of biomass thermal conversion system, comprise oil bath cover 1, kettle 3 and kettle cover 9, kettle 3 is the barrel-like structure of one end open, kettle 3 is placed in oil bath cover 1, kettle cover 9 is arranged on the opening surface of kettle 3, sealing-ring 7 is set between kettle 3 and kettle cover 9, for sealing kettle 3, the region that kettle 3 and kettle cover 9 surround is reaction chamber 24, bottom kettle 3, bottom arranges discharge opening 2, it is characterized in that on kettle cover 9, arrange inlet pipe 5 and penstock 21, the bottom that kettle cover 9 stretches to kettle 3 is run through in one end of inlet pipe 5, the other end of inlet pipe 5 connects air inlet threeway 10, the residue two ends of air inlet threeway 10 connect vacuum control valve 12 and high pressure steam control valve 8 respectively, high pressure steam control valve 8 the other end connects high pressure steam generator 6, the other end of vacuum control valve 12 connects vacuum pump 14, the top that kettle cover 9 stretches to kettle 3 is run through in one end of penstock 21, the other end Bonding pressure threeway 18 of penstock 21, the residue two ends of pressure threeway 18 connect vacuum pressure gauge valve 17 and high-pressure steam pressure table valve 19 respectively, high-pressure steam pressure table valve 19 the other end is connected with tensimeter 19, vacuum pressure gauge valve 17 the other end is connected with vacuumometer 16, oil bath cover 1 is connected with temperature controller 26 able to programme.By the opening and closing of different valve, the Various Complex techniques such as biomass pressurized pyrolysis, normal pressure pyrolysis and vacuum pyrolysis can be realized, ensure the diversity of biomass product, make same equipment realize multiple condition simultaneously.
As further improvement of these options, also comprise motor 15, agitator 4 and stirring shaft 25, motor 15 is arranged on above kettle cover 9, and agitator 4 is arranged in kettle 3, and stirring shaft 25 runs through kettle cover 9 and connects motor 15 and agitator 4.The use of agitator 4 can ensure that still endogenous substance is heated evenly, and ensures that reaction process is close to idealized conditions.
As further improvement of these options, it is characterized in that, sealing-ring 7 is carbon seal rings 7.Graphite can be high temperature resistant, and excellent thermal conductivity, and kettle 3 and kettle cover 9 temperature contrast can not be caused too large, and the heat degree heterogeneity that rises causes gas leakage, is adapted at using as sealing member in heating unit, can anti-locking apparatus gas leakage causes experimental data error larger.
As further improvement of these options, it is characterized in that, stirring shaft 25 is hollow tubular structures, and in tube chamber, arrange thermopair 11 for gathering temperature in the kettle information, thermopair 11 is connected with data collecting instrument 13.
As further improvement of these options, it is characterized in that, also comprise pressure buffer pipe 23 and automatic decompression valve 22, pressure buffer pipe 23 one end is run through kettle cover 9 and is led to reaction chamber 24 top, and pressure buffer pipe 23 the other end connects automatic decompression valve 22.When still internal pressure is higher than setting ultimate pressure, automatic decompression valve 22 loses heart automatically to maintain the pressure constant state in reaction chamber 24, realizes biomass constant voltage thermal conversion process.
This equipment fully considers the condition needed for different biomass thermal conversion process, the Various Complex techniques such as biomass pressurized pyrolysis, normal pressure pyrolysis and vacuum pyrolysis can be realized, ensure the diversity of biomass product, be conducive to seeking best biomass thermal conversion process simultaneously, improve the utilising efficiency of device.
Embodiment 2
A using method for above-mentioned a kind of biomass thermal conversion system, is characterized in that step is as follows: step one, opened by kettle cover 9, is added by biomass material after in reaction chamber 24 and is sealed by sealing-ring 7; Step 2, set temperature controller 26 program able to programme make oil bath overlap 1 start heating; Step 3, unlatching motor 15 drive agitator 4 to rotate by stirring shaft 25, ensure that biomass material is heated evenly; Step 4, open high pressure steam control valve 8 and high-pressure steam pressure table valve 19, make high pressure steam generator 6 and tensimeter 16 in running order, realize biomass pressurized heat conversion process.
Embodiment 3
A using method for above-mentioned a kind of biomass thermal conversion system, is characterized in that step is as follows: step one, opened by kettle cover 9, is added by biomass material after in reaction chamber 24 and is sealed by sealing-ring 7; Step 2, set temperature controller 26 program able to programme make oil bath overlap 1 start heating; Step 3, unlatching motor 15 drive agitator 4 to rotate by stirring shaft 25, ensure that biomass material is heated evenly; Step 4, open vacuum control valve 12 and vacuum pressure gauge valve 17, make vacuum pump 14 and vacuumometer 16 in running order, realize biomass vacuum thermal conversion process.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any amendments done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, equivalent replacement and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a biomass thermal conversion system, comprise oil bath cover, kettle and kettle cover, described kettle is the barrel-like structure of one end open, described kettle is placed in described oil bath cover, described kettle cover is arranged on the opening surface of described kettle, between described kettle and described kettle cover, sealing-ring is set, for sealing described kettle, the region that described kettle and described kettle cover surround is reaction chamber, bottom described autoclave body bottom, discharge opening is set, it is characterized in that arranging inlet pipe and penstock on described kettle cover, the bottom that described kettle cover stretches to described kettle is run through in one end of described inlet pipe, the other end of described inlet pipe connects air inlet threeway, the residue two ends of described air inlet threeway connect vacuum control valve and high pressure steam control valve respectively, the described high pressure steam control valve the other end connects high pressure steam generator, the other end of described vacuum control valve connects vacuum pump, the top that described kettle cover stretches to described kettle is run through in one end of described penstock, the other end Bonding pressure threeway of described penstock, the residue two ends of described pressure threeway connect vacuum pressure gauge valve and high-pressure steam pressure table valve respectively, the described high-pressure steam pressure table valve the other end is connected with tensimeter, the described vacuum pressure gauge valve the other end is connected with vacuumometer, described oil bath cover is connected with temperature controller able to programme.
2. a kind of biomass thermal conversion system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise motor, agitator and stirring shaft, described motor is arranged on above described kettle cover, described agitator is arranged in described kettle, and described stirring shaft runs through described kettle cover and connects described motor and described agitator.
3. a kind of biomass thermal conversion system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described sealing-ring is carbon seal ring.
4. a kind of biomass thermal conversion system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described stirring shaft is hollow tubular structure, and in tube chamber, arrange thermopair for gathering temperature in the kettle information, described thermopair is connected with data collecting instrument.
5. a kind of biomass thermal conversion system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise pressure buffer pipe and automatic decompression valve, described pressure buffer pipe one end is run through described kettle cover and is led to described reactor top, and the described pressure buffer pipe the other end connects automatic decompression valve.
6. a using method for a kind of biomass thermal conversion system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that step is as follows: step one, opened by kettle cover, is added by biomass material after in reaction chamber and is sealed by sealing-ring; Step 2, set temperature controller program able to programme make oil bath cover start heating; Step 3, unlatching motor drive agitator to rotate by stirring shaft, ensure that biomass material is heated evenly; Step 4, open high pressure steam control valve and high-pressure steam pressure table valve, make high pressure steam generator and tensimeter 16 in running order, realize biomass pressurized heat conversion process.
7. a using method for a kind of biomass thermal conversion system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that step is as follows: step one, opened by kettle cover, is added by biomass material after in reaction chamber and is sealed by sealing-ring; Step 2, set temperature controller program able to programme make oil bath cover start heating; Step 3, unlatching motor drive agitator to rotate by stirring shaft, ensure that biomass material is heated evenly; Step 4, open vacuum control valve and vacuum pressure gauge valve, make vacuum pump and vacuumometer in running order, realize biomass vacuum thermal conversion process.
CN201410610646.1A 2014-11-03 2014-11-03 A kind of biomass thermal reforming unit and using method thereof Active CN104342209B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106000254A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-10-12 广西大学 Single chip microcomputer intelligent control microwave pyrolysis microalgae directional oil-making device
CN107142122A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-09-08 李宏江 Underground HTHP biomass fuel process units
CN108414391A (en) * 2018-03-06 2018-08-17 中国石油大学(华东) A kind of experimental provision and experimental method of high temperature and high pressure steam pyrolytic reaction

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102005007885A1 (en) * 2005-02-16 2006-08-24 Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena Method for extracting carotenoid from damp biomasses, comprises milling and moisture evaporating the biomass; mixing the obtained product with extracting agents of an oil or a fat; and thermally treating and extracting the carotenoid
CN201204918Y (en) * 2008-05-22 2009-03-11 中国农业大学 Food spices high-temperature high-pressure reaction device
CN202924963U (en) * 2012-11-05 2013-05-08 天津大学 Processing system for preparing biological oil by municipal sludge supercritical pyrolysis method
CN204174176U (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-02-25 合肥工业大学 A kind of biomass thermal conversion system

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102005007885A1 (en) * 2005-02-16 2006-08-24 Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena Method for extracting carotenoid from damp biomasses, comprises milling and moisture evaporating the biomass; mixing the obtained product with extracting agents of an oil or a fat; and thermally treating and extracting the carotenoid
CN201204918Y (en) * 2008-05-22 2009-03-11 中国农业大学 Food spices high-temperature high-pressure reaction device
CN202924963U (en) * 2012-11-05 2013-05-08 天津大学 Processing system for preparing biological oil by municipal sludge supercritical pyrolysis method
CN204174176U (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-02-25 合肥工业大学 A kind of biomass thermal conversion system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106000254A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-10-12 广西大学 Single chip microcomputer intelligent control microwave pyrolysis microalgae directional oil-making device
CN107142122A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-09-08 李宏江 Underground HTHP biomass fuel process units
CN108414391A (en) * 2018-03-06 2018-08-17 中国石油大学(华东) A kind of experimental provision and experimental method of high temperature and high pressure steam pyrolytic reaction

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