CN204174176U - A kind of biomass thermal conversion system - Google Patents

A kind of biomass thermal conversion system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204174176U
CN204174176U CN201420650411.0U CN201420650411U CN204174176U CN 204174176 U CN204174176 U CN 204174176U CN 201420650411 U CN201420650411 U CN 201420650411U CN 204174176 U CN204174176 U CN 204174176U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
kettle
pressure
cover
biomass
thermal conversion
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Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201420650411.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马培勇
孙亚栋
邢献军
李慧
李涛
胡运龙
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Hefei University of Technology
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Hefei University of Technology
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Priority to CN201420650411.0U priority Critical patent/CN204174176U/en
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Publication of CN204174176U publication Critical patent/CN204174176U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of biomass thermal conversion system, this device comprises oil bath cover, kettle, agitator, high pressure steam generator, kettle cover, data collecting instrument, vacuum pump, agitator, temperature controller able to programme and all kinds of valve pipe composition, by the opening and closing of different valve, the Various Complex techniques such as biomass pressurized pyrolysis, normal pressure pyrolysis and vacuum pyrolysis can be realized.The utility model has the following advantages compared to existing technology: this equipment fully considers the condition needed for different biomass thermal conversion process, the Various Complex techniques such as biomass pressurized pyrolysis, normal pressure pyrolysis and vacuum pyrolysis can be realized, ensure the diversity of biomass product, be conducive to seeking best biomass thermal conversion process simultaneously, improve the utilising efficiency of device.

Description

A kind of biomass thermal conversion system
Technical field
The utility model relates to Biomass Energy Utilization technical field, in particular a kind of biomass thermal conversion system.
Background technology
Along with the increase of energy demand and the environmental problem headed by PM2.5 become increasingly conspicuous, the status of biomass energy becomes increasingly conspicuous, and biomass thermal transforms, converted product high with its high-efficiency cleaning, energy utilization rate and has the advantages such as diversity,
Become a large focus in this field.Large quantity research shows, pyrolytic process condition has important impact to biomass thermal converted product and output: under pressurized heat conversion condition, Wood Adhesives from Biomass efficiency and efficiency of pcr product are all obviously promoted, and simultaneously the apparent activation energy of products therefrom and frequency factor increase along with the lifting of pressure; The bio oil of vacuum pyrolysis biomass gained is a kind of energy fuel of excellent property, and its solid phase byproduct pyrolytic carbon is the excellent raw material preparing gac simultaneously, and its methylene blue adsorption value and iodine sorption value all reach more excellent level.For the processing condition of various complexity, what occur is the Wood Adhesives from Biomass device of structure, Various Functions thereupon, but existing biomass fuel production facility is all for being combined by the equipment of multiple stage standalone feature, while mechanism's complexity, product characteristics is single, Whole Equipment cost is higher, and equipment efficiency of usage is low.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of biomass thermal conversion system.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of biomass thermal conversion system, comprise oil bath cover, kettle and kettle cover, kettle is the barrel-like structure of one end open, kettle is placed in oil bath cover, kettle cover is arranged on the opening surface of kettle, between kettle and kettle cover, sealing-ring is set, for sealing kettle, the region that kettle and kettle cover surround is reaction chamber, bottom autoclave body bottom, discharge opening is set, it is characterized in that on kettle cover, arrange inlet pipe and penstock, the bottom that kettle cover stretches to kettle is run through in one end of inlet pipe, the other end of inlet pipe connects air inlet threeway, the residue two ends of air inlet threeway connect vacuum control valve and high pressure steam control valve respectively, the high pressure steam control valve the other end connects high pressure steam generator, the other end of vacuum control valve connects vacuum pump, the top that kettle cover stretches to kettle is run through in one end of penstock, the other end Bonding pressure threeway of penstock, the residue two ends of pressure threeway connect vacuum pressure gauge valve and high-pressure steam pressure table valve respectively, the high-pressure steam pressure table valve the other end is connected with tensimeter, the vacuum pressure gauge valve the other end is connected with vacuumometer, oil bath cover is connected with temperature controller able to programme.
As further improvement of these options, also comprise motor, agitator and stirring shaft, motor is arranged on above kettle cover, and agitator is arranged in kettle, and stirring shaft runs through kettle cover and connects motor and agitator.
As further improvement of these options, it is characterized in that, sealing-ring is carbon seal ring.
As further improvement of these options, it is characterized in that, stirring shaft is hollow tubular structure, and in tube chamber, arrange thermopair for gathering temperature in the kettle information, thermopair is connected with data collecting instrument.
As further improvement of these options, it is characterized in that, also comprise pressure buffer pipe and automatic decompression valve, pressure buffer pipe one end is run through kettle cover and is led to reactor top, and the pressure buffer pipe the other end connects automatic decompression valve.
The utility model has the following advantages compared to existing technology: utilize efficient, clean biomass new forms of energy to replace traditional energy as starting material, provides a kind of effective way to the current Environmental and resource issue of solution; The Various Complex techniques such as biomass pressurized pyrolysis, normal pressure pyrolysis and vacuum pyrolysis can be realized, meet the condition needed for different biomass thermal conversion process, ensure that the diversity of biomass product, be conducive to seeking best biomass thermal conversion process simultaneously, improve the utilising efficiency of device; The combination of all kinds of instrument, controller and valve is conducive to the high precision ensureing this conversion system.This equipment fully considers the condition needed for different biomass thermal conversion process, the Various Complex techniques such as biomass pressurized pyrolysis, normal pressure pyrolysis and vacuum pyrolysis can be realized, ensure the diversity of biomass product, be conducive to seeking best biomass thermal conversion process simultaneously, improve the utilising efficiency of device.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Below embodiment of the present utility model is elaborated; the present embodiment is implemented under premised on technical solutions of the utility model; give detailed embodiment and concrete operating process, but protection domain of the present utility model is not limited to following embodiment.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of biomass thermal conversion system, comprise oil bath cover 1, kettle 3 and kettle cover 9, kettle 3 is the barrel-like structure of one end open, kettle 3 is placed in oil bath cover 1, kettle cover 9 is arranged on the opening surface of kettle 3, sealing-ring 7 is set between kettle 3 and kettle cover 9, for sealing kettle 3, the region that kettle 3 and kettle cover 9 surround is reaction chamber 24, bottom kettle 3, bottom arranges discharge opening 2, it is characterized in that on kettle cover 9, arrange inlet pipe 5 and penstock 21, the bottom that kettle cover 9 stretches to kettle 3 is run through in one end of inlet pipe 5, the other end of inlet pipe 5 connects air inlet threeway 10, the residue two ends of air inlet threeway 10 connect vacuum control valve 12 and high pressure steam control valve 8 respectively, high pressure steam control valve 8 the other end connects high pressure steam generator 6, the other end of vacuum control valve 12 connects vacuum pump 14, the top that kettle cover 9 stretches to kettle 3 is run through in one end of penstock 21, the other end Bonding pressure threeway 18 of penstock 21, the residue two ends of pressure threeway 18 connect vacuum pressure gauge valve 17 and high-pressure steam pressure table valve 19 respectively, high-pressure steam pressure table valve 19 the other end is connected with tensimeter 19, vacuum pressure gauge valve 17 the other end is connected with vacuumometer 16, oil bath cover 1 is connected with temperature controller 26 able to programme.By the opening and closing of different valve, the Various Complex techniques such as biomass pressurized pyrolysis, normal pressure pyrolysis and vacuum pyrolysis can be realized, ensure the diversity of biomass product, make same equipment realize multiple condition simultaneously.
As further improvement of these options, also comprise motor 15, agitator 4 and stirring shaft 25, motor 15 is arranged on above kettle cover 9, and agitator 4 is arranged in kettle 3, and stirring shaft 25 runs through kettle cover 9 and connects motor 15 and agitator 4.The use of agitator 4 can ensure that still endogenous substance is heated evenly, and ensures that reaction process is close to idealized conditions.
As further improvement of these options, it is characterized in that, sealing-ring 7 is carbon seal rings 7.Graphite can be high temperature resistant, and excellent thermal conductivity, and kettle 3 and kettle cover 9 temperature contrast can not be caused too large, and the heat degree heterogeneity that rises causes gas leakage, is adapted at using as sealing member in heating unit, can anti-locking apparatus gas leakage causes experimental data error larger.
As further improvement of these options, it is characterized in that, stirring shaft 25 is hollow tubular structures, and in tube chamber, arrange thermopair 11 for gathering temperature in the kettle information, thermopair 11 is connected with data collecting instrument 13.
As further improvement of these options, it is characterized in that, also comprise pressure buffer pipe 23 and automatic decompression valve 22, pressure buffer pipe 23 one end is run through kettle cover 9 and is led to reaction chamber 24 top, and pressure buffer pipe 23 the other end connects automatic decompression valve 22.When still internal pressure is higher than setting ultimate pressure, automatic decompression valve 22 loses heart automatically to maintain the pressure constant state in reaction chamber 24, realizes biomass constant voltage thermal conversion process.
This equipment fully considers the condition needed for different biomass thermal conversion process, the Various Complex techniques such as biomass pressurized pyrolysis, normal pressure pyrolysis and vacuum pyrolysis can be realized, ensure the diversity of biomass product, be conducive to seeking best biomass thermal conversion process simultaneously, improve the utilising efficiency of device.
Embodiment 2
A using method for above-mentioned a kind of biomass thermal conversion system, is characterized in that step is as follows: step one, opened by kettle cover 9, is added by biomass material after in reaction chamber 24 and is sealed by sealing-ring 7; Step 2, set temperature controller 26 program able to programme make oil bath overlap 1 start heating; Step 3, unlatching motor 15 drive agitator 4 to rotate by stirring shaft 25, ensure that biomass material is heated evenly; Step 4, open high pressure steam control valve 8 and high-pressure steam pressure table valve 19, make high pressure steam generator 6 and tensimeter 16 in running order, realize biomass pressurized heat conversion process.
Embodiment 3
A using method for above-mentioned a kind of biomass thermal conversion system, is characterized in that step is as follows: step one, opened by kettle cover 9, is added by biomass material after in reaction chamber 24 and is sealed by sealing-ring 7; Step 2, set temperature controller 26 program able to programme make oil bath overlap 1 start heating; Step 3, unlatching motor 15 drive agitator 4 to rotate by stirring shaft 25, ensure that biomass material is heated evenly; Step 4, open vacuum control valve 12 and vacuum pressure gauge valve 17, make vacuum pump 14 and vacuumometer 16 in running order, realize biomass vacuum thermal conversion process.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all do within spirit of the present utility model and principle any amendment, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a biomass thermal conversion system, comprise oil bath cover, kettle and kettle cover, described kettle is the barrel-like structure of one end open, described kettle is placed in described oil bath cover, described kettle cover is arranged on the opening surface of described kettle, between described kettle and described kettle cover, sealing-ring is set, for sealing described kettle, the region that described kettle and described kettle cover surround is reaction chamber, bottom described autoclave body bottom, discharge opening is set, it is characterized in that arranging inlet pipe and penstock on described kettle cover, the bottom that described kettle cover stretches to described kettle is run through in one end of described inlet pipe, the other end of described inlet pipe connects air inlet threeway, the residue two ends of described air inlet threeway connect vacuum control valve and high pressure steam control valve respectively, the described high pressure steam control valve the other end connects high pressure steam generator, the other end of described vacuum control valve connects vacuum pump, the top that described kettle cover stretches to described kettle is run through in one end of described penstock, the other end Bonding pressure threeway of described penstock, the residue two ends of described pressure threeway connect vacuum pressure gauge valve and high-pressure steam pressure table valve respectively, the described high-pressure steam pressure table valve the other end is connected with tensimeter, the described vacuum pressure gauge valve the other end is connected with vacuumometer, described oil bath cover is connected with temperature controller able to programme.
2. a kind of biomass thermal conversion system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise motor, agitator and stirring shaft, described motor is arranged on above described kettle cover, described agitator is arranged in described kettle, and described stirring shaft runs through described kettle cover and connects described motor and described agitator.
3. a kind of biomass thermal conversion system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described sealing-ring is carbon seal ring.
4. a kind of biomass thermal conversion system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described stirring shaft is hollow tubular structure, and in tube chamber, arrange thermopair for gathering temperature in the kettle information, described thermopair is connected with data collecting instrument.
5. a kind of biomass thermal conversion system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise pressure buffer pipe and automatic decompression valve, described pressure buffer pipe one end is run through described kettle cover and is led to described reactor top, and the described pressure buffer pipe the other end connects automatic decompression valve.
CN201420650411.0U 2014-11-03 2014-11-03 A kind of biomass thermal conversion system Withdrawn - After Issue CN204174176U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420650411.0U CN204174176U (en) 2014-11-03 2014-11-03 A kind of biomass thermal conversion system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420650411.0U CN204174176U (en) 2014-11-03 2014-11-03 A kind of biomass thermal conversion system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204174176U true CN204174176U (en) 2015-02-25

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CN201420650411.0U Withdrawn - After Issue CN204174176U (en) 2014-11-03 2014-11-03 A kind of biomass thermal conversion system

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104342209A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-02-11 合肥工业大学 Biomass thermal conversion device and use method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104342209A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-02-11 合肥工业大学 Biomass thermal conversion device and use method thereof
CN104342209B (en) * 2014-11-03 2016-08-17 合肥工业大学 A kind of biomass thermal reforming unit and using method thereof

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GR01 Patent grant
C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150225

Effective date of abandoning: 20160817