CN104328694B - A kind of one-bath process method of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric - Google Patents

A kind of one-bath process method of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104328694B
CN104328694B CN201410612862.XA CN201410612862A CN104328694B CN 104328694 B CN104328694 B CN 104328694B CN 201410612862 A CN201410612862 A CN 201410612862A CN 104328694 B CN104328694 B CN 104328694B
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tencel
blend fabric
bath
nylon blend
shrinkable wool
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CN104328694A (en
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赖俊杰
朱金刚
颜峰
林立虎
刘影
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Shanghai Jialinjie Textile Technology Co., Ltd.
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SHANGHAI CHALLENGE TEXTILE CO Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of one-bath process method of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric, including: soft water is injected in overflow dyeing machine, it is subsequently adding non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric, cycle operation, is subsequently adding dye liquor, is warmed up to 60 70 DEG C, add soda ash, add soda ash after insulation, continue insulation, discharge dye liquor;Add soft water in overflow dyeing machine, be subsequently adding reduction cleaner, be warming up to 70 90 DEG C, after being incubated 15 30min, be cooled to less than 60 DEG C, discharge washing lotion, then wash, to obtain final product.The present invention is simple to operate, low for equipment requirements, saves water, electricity, coal resource, time-consuming;Color fastness and color light stabilizing, can reach preferable same chromatic effect.

Description

A kind of one-bath process method of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric
Technical field
The invention belongs to colouring method field, particularly to the one-bath process side of a kind of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric Method.
Background technology
Along with growth in the living standard, people are more and more higher to the requirement of textile.Consumer is to the demand of clothes not only It is warming hushing up a scandal, also to its color, fabric whole style, and overall function has special requirement.
The blending technology of development multicomponent fibre is as the emphasis research and development side of " textile industry 12 scientific and technological progress outline " To.Multicomponent fibre product is the most increasingly welcome by consumer and client, and main cause depends on multi-fiber fabric The high-quality characteristic of different fiber can be given full play to, make up the deficiency of various fiber self simultaneously.It is as the most warming in wool but also comfortable, And nylon is wear-resisting and against weather is good, especially fine denier nylon has the features such as wash and wear, non-ironing, washing shrinkage is little so that sheep The wearability of hair/nylon blends, feel and scourability are attained by preferable level;The elasticity that wool is good Compensate for that cotton fiber is the most wrinkling, the shortcoming of poor flexibility, and the higher intensity of cotton and breaking ductility improve wool and knit The wearability of thing and conformality, and alleviate the easy landing-gear design of wool to a certain extent.After dyeing and finishing is processed, make The warmth retention property obtaining cotton/wool-blend fabric is more much higher than pure cotton fabric, and its quality is smooth, fine and smooth, soft, frivolous, feel Plentiful, high resilience, comfortable and easy to wear generous, give light, well-pressed graceful sense.Multicomponent one in domestic market Bath method dyeed also in the budding period, had wide market prospects.
World's atmosphere all advocates environmentally friendly development now, and form smoke into smother, people require that the cry of environmental protection is also got over to earth environment Come the highest, and textile industry itself be as the industry of a high pollution, wants not by market, it is necessary to explore new technology, Energy-saving and emission-reduction when simultaneously producing.Therefore explore multicomponent fabric one-bath dyeing and be applied to production practices, there is huge warp Ji effect.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide the one-bath process side of a kind of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric Method, the colouring method of this invention is simple, and in technique, required auxiliary agent kind is few, and overall process time is short, beneficially energy-saving and emission-reduction; Dyeing condition is the gentleest, little to wool damage, maintains multicomponent fabric warming, comfortable, graceful characteristic.
A kind of one-bath process method of the non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric of the present invention, including:
(1) soft water is injected in overflow dyeing machine, be subsequently adding non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric, cycle operation 10-20min, It is subsequently adding dye liquor, is warmed up to 60-70 DEG C, add 1/4-1/2 soda ash, after insulation 30-35min, add 1/4-1/2 Soda ash, continues insulation 30-35min, discharges dye liquor;Wherein dye liquor includes chelate dispersant, glauber salt and dyestuff The aqueous solution;Each of which rises water chelated dispersants Han 0.3-0.6g, and 20-30g glauber salt, containing 4-10g soda ash;
(2) add soft water in overflow dyeing machine, be subsequently adding reduction cleaner, be warming up to 70-90 DEG C, after insulation 15-30min, fall Temperature, to less than 60 DEG C, is discharged washing lotion, is then washed, obtain non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric.
In described step (1), overflow dyeing machine is overflow or jet dyeing machine.
Non-shrinkable wool, tencel in non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric in described step (1), nylon component is respectively 50%, 35%, 15%.
Being warmed up to 60-70 DEG C in described step (1) is that temperature-rise period completes at 35-60min from the beginning of normal temperature.
Described temperature-rise period completes at 45min.
Being dividedly in some parts soda ash in described step (1) is: adds 1/4-1/2 soda ash, adds 1/4-1/2 pure after insulation 30-35min Alkali, continues insulation 30-35min.
In described step (2), reduction cleaning liquid concentration is 1-4g/L.
In described step (2), reduction cleaning liquid is neutral cleaners RC-425A (auxiliary agent Co., Ltd of Kunshan man).
In described step (2), washing rises water for adding 800-1200 in overflow dyeing machine, is warming up to 50-65 DEG C, overflow dyeing machine operating 5-15 Washing lotion is discharged after minute;Adding 800-1200 and rise water, be warming up to 30-45 DEG C, overflow dyeing machine is discharged after operating 5-15 minute and is washed Liquid.
There are some difficult points in non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric one-bath process method.
One, different compositions typically need to dye by different dyes, and non-shrinkable wool is typically by hair activity and acid dyeing, tencel one As dye with cotton reactive dye, the big multiplex acid dyeing of nylon, the staining conditions of different fibers is differed by different dyes One of difficult point of sample therefore multicomponent fibre textile dyeing is the selection of dyestuff.
Two, multiple dyeing due to dyeing condition different, including pH value, dyeing temperature, additive (levelling agent, electrolyte, Chelating agent) etc. difference, be the most typically difficult to one-bath process.And one dyeing can affect another kind of dyeing, including Reduce dye-uptake, change coloured light etc., be substantially reduced dyeing product quality.
Three, look wet fastness and reproducibility are poor: the fiber in multi-component spun fabric forms being infected with inhibition, and one on dyestuff Fibers are to the dyestuff of non-staining it also occur that staining effect a bit, and the most serious, such as polyester/cotton blended fabric dyeing disperses The dyestuff staining to cotton fiber.Staining not only can reduce dyeing speed and dye-uptake, more seriously makes the wet fastness of Dry Sack and dye Color reproduction is deteriorated.
Four, homochromatism is poor: in multicomponent fabric, different fibers are different, especially in difference to the colouring situation of different dyes Fabric to the dyestuff staining situation of non-staining serious under conditions of, the homochromatism that will reach preferable customer satisfaction just becomes very Difficulty.
For above-mentioned dyeing difficult point, the dye addictive of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blends has been done specific aim by the present invention Selection, make the One Bath Dyeing Process being applicable to non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blends.
By dyes selection, and different process Experimental comparison, it is proposed that use cotton reactive dye, at alkalescent bar Dye under part, can give the plain color effect that non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric is the most preferable, colourless stain, Look flower, though carrying out under weak basic condition, but dyeing temperature is low, and dye bath alkalescence is weak less to wool damage, can ignore.
In order to make minimizing production cost, saving social resources, originally and now many dye-works are for multicomponent fibre dyeing typically Being all two-bath process, the color additive not only consumed, water, electricity, coal resource are many, and dyeing factor of variability is big, coloured light Instability is the longest.Now developing non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric one-bath process method, the most only company saves The energy, and save resource for society, the slogan that active response social enviroment protection is energy-conservation.
In dyeing process, only adding glauber salt and two kinds of auxiliary agents of soda ash, fluctuating factor is little, and dyeing process is stable, is difficult to out Existing look stain and look flower.
In the present invention, the consumption of glauber salt is every liter of water 20g, soda ash every liter water 4.0g, and pH value is between 9-11, and dyeing is warm Spending low, between 60-70, dye bath condition is little to wool damage.
The present invention considers with fiber properties from dyestuff, selects neutral cleaners RC-425A, cleans at 85 DEG C.With conventional work Skill is compared, and this invented technology time can save 3-5 hour.
Beneficial effect
(1) colouring method of the present invention is simple, and in technique, required auxiliary agent kind is few, and overall process time is short, the most energy-conservation Reduce discharging;
(2) present invention is only with a kind of cotton reactive dye, process stabilizing, is difficult to look stain and look flower occur;
(3) in the present invention, dyeing condition is the gentleest, little to wool damage, maintains multicomponent fabric warming, comfortable, Graceful characteristic.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is expanded on further.Should be understood that these embodiments be merely to illustrate the present invention and It is not used in restriction the scope of the present invention.In addition, it is to be understood that after having read the content that the present invention lectures, people in the art The present invention can be made various changes or modifications by member, and these equivalent form of values fall within the application appended claims equally and limited Scope.
Embodiment 1
Non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blends one-bath process method production practices following steps:
1) dyeing process: inject 1000 liters of industrial soft water in overflow dyeing machine, by non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric 84000g puts into overflow dyeing machine cycle operation 15 minutes.Add chelated dispersants HS-106F 604g, glauber salt 20160g fortune Row 10 minutes, adds cotton reactive dye, and remain in operation 10min, is warmed up to 60 DEG C, adds soda ash 2016g, insulation 30min, adds 2016g soda ash, discharges described dye liquor after continuing in insulation 30min;
2) reduction cleaning operation: add 1000 liters of water in overflow dyeing machine, adds 1000g neutral cleaners RC-425A, will dye Water in look machine is warming up to 80 DEG C, is cooled to less than 60 DEG C and discharges washing lotion after being incubated 20 minutes;In overflow dyeing machine, add 1000 again Rise water, be warming up to 60 DEG C, after being incubated 10 minutes, discharge washing lotion;It is further continued in overflow dyeing machine, add 1000 liters of water, is warming up to 40 DEG C, after being incubated 10 minutes, discharge washing lotion;
The steps such as fabric enters finishing process after going out cylinder, includes dehydration, drying, soft sizing, inspection successively, clot.
Embodiment 2
Non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blends one-bath process method production practices following steps:
1) dyeing process: inject 1000 liters of industrial soft water in overflow dyeing machine, by non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric 84000g puts into overflow dyeing machine cycle operation 10 minutes.Add chelated dispersants HS-106F 604g, glauber salt 20160g Running 10 minutes, add cotton reactive dye, remain in operation 10min, is warmed up to 60 DEG C, adds soda ash 2016g, insulation 35min, adds 2016g soda ash, discharges described dye liquor after continuing in insulation 35;
2) reduction cleaning operation: add 1000 liters of water in overflow dyeing machine, adds 1000g neutral cleaners RC-425A, will dye Water in look machine is warming up to 90 DEG C, is cooled to less than 60 DEG C and discharges washing lotion after being incubated 15 minutes;In overflow dyeing machine, add 1000 again Rise water, be warming up to 60 DEG C, after being incubated 10 minutes, discharge washing lotion;It is further continued in overflow dyeing machine, add 1000 liters of water, is warming up to 40 DEG C, after being incubated 10 minutes, discharge washing lotion;
The steps such as fabric enters finishing process after going out cylinder, includes dehydration, drying, soft sizing, inspection successively, clot.

Claims (9)

1. an one-bath process method for non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric, including:
(1) soft water is injected in overflow dyeing machine, be subsequently adding non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric, cycle operation 10-20min, Being subsequently adding dye liquor, be warmed up to 60-70 DEG C, be dividedly in some parts soda ash, total temperature retention time is 60-70min, discharges dye liquor; Wherein dye liquor includes the aqueous solution of chelate dispersant, glauber salt and dyestuff;Each of which rises water and chelates containing 0.3-0.6g Dispersant, 20-30g glauber salt, 4-10g soda ash;Wherein dyestuff is cotton reactive dye;
(2) add soft water in overflow dyeing machine, be subsequently adding reduction cleaner, be warming up to 70-90 DEG C, after insulation 15-30min, cooling To less than 60 DEG C, discharge washing lotion, then wash, obtain non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric.
The one-bath process method of a kind of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: In described step (1), overflow dyeing machine is overflow or jet dyeing machine.
The one-bath process method of a kind of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: Non-shrinkable wool, tencel in non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric in described step (1), nylon component is respectively 50%, 35%, 15%.
The one-bath process method of a kind of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: Being warmed up to 60-70 DEG C in described step (1) is that temperature-rise period completes at 35-60min from the beginning of normal temperature.
The one-bath process method of a kind of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: Described temperature-rise period completes at 45min.
The one-bath process method of a kind of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: Being dividedly in some parts soda ash in described step (1) is: adds 1/2 soda ash, adds 1/2 soda ash, continue after insulation 30-35min Continuation of insurance temperature 30-35min.
The one-bath process method of a kind of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: In described step (2), reduction cleaning liquid concentration is 1-4g/L.
The one-bath process method of a kind of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: In described step (2), reduction cleaner is acidic cleaner RC-425A.
The one-bath process method of a kind of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: In described step (2), washing rises water for adding 800-1200 in overflow dyeing machine, is warming up to 50-65 DEG C, overflow dyeing machine operating 5-15 Washing lotion is discharged after minute;Adding 800-1200 and rise water, be warming up to 30-45 DEG C, overflow dyeing machine is discharged after operating 5-15 minute Washing lotion.
CN201410612862.XA 2014-11-04 2014-11-04 A kind of one-bath process method of non-shrinkable wool/tencel/nylon blend fabric Active CN104328694B (en)

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CN105274831B (en) * 2015-11-16 2018-01-09 珠海建轩服装有限公司 Wool fulling milling releasing color method
CN105484074A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-04-13 桐乡市濮院羊毛衫职业技术学校 Dyeing technology for wool fabric
CN105714577A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-29 王利平 Reactive dye one-bath process dyeing process for cashmere/modal blended fabric
CN106192464A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-12-07 上海嘉麟杰纺织品股份有限公司 A kind of coloured light concordance colouring method of Pilus Caprae seu Ovis/nylon blends
CN107524019B (en) * 2017-08-31 2020-01-24 浙江映山红纺织科技有限公司 Short-process dyeing and finishing process for multi-component fiber-coated elastic yarn
CN108166277A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-15 张家港扬子染整有限公司 A kind of wool/cotton blended yarn active one bath dyeing technology
CN108396570A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-14 常州旭荣针织印染有限公司 The colouring method of tencel/wool/nylon fabric

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CN1285799C (en) * 2004-12-02 2006-11-22 浙江华孚色纺有限公司 Soybean fiber loose-stock dyeing and processing method
CN1804206A (en) * 2005-12-13 2006-07-19 苏州大学 One-bath dyeing method for soybean fiber/tencel blended fabric
CN100570051C (en) * 2006-12-31 2009-12-16 鲁泰纺织股份有限公司 The colouring method of cotton/cashmere blended yarn
CN101289812B (en) * 2008-05-23 2010-06-09 常熟市亨时特染织有限公司 Dyeing process for silk and pashm blended yarn
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Effective date of registration: 20190815

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Patentee after: Shanghai Jialinjie Textile Technology Co., Ltd.

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Patentee before: Shanghai Challenge Textile Co., Ltd.