CN104318734A - Novel remote meter reading system - Google Patents

Novel remote meter reading system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104318734A
CN104318734A CN201410488810.6A CN201410488810A CN104318734A CN 104318734 A CN104318734 A CN 104318734A CN 201410488810 A CN201410488810 A CN 201410488810A CN 104318734 A CN104318734 A CN 104318734A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
meter
carrier interface
control module
electric power
power supply
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410488810.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
苏建丽
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Qingdao Wenchuang Technology Co Ltd
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Qingdao Wenchuang Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Qingdao Wenchuang Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Qingdao Wenchuang Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410488810.6A priority Critical patent/CN104318734A/en
Publication of CN104318734A publication Critical patent/CN104318734A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention discloses a novel remote meter reading system, which comprises a water meter with a power line carrier interface, an electricity meter with a power line carrier interface, a heat meter with a power line carrier interface, a gas meter with a power line carrier interface, a data acquisition device, a data centralizing device and a remote monitoring terminal, wherein the water meter, the electricity meter, the heat meter and the gas meter are connected with the data acquisition device through a low voltage power line carrier communication local area network, the data acquisition device is communicated with the data centralizing device through a ZigBee wireless network, and the data centralizing device is communicated with the remote monitoring terminal through a GPRS+3G network. According to the present invention, the communication line is not required to be built, the investment cost is low, and the meter reading system construction period is short; the Zigbee technology is adopted to centralizedly acquire and process the data of the meter, such that the power consumption is low, the system reliability is increased, and the system cost is reduced; and the GPRS and 3G dual-mode seamless network is adopted to carry out remote data transfer so as to substantially increase the system capacity, improve the communication quality and improve the data transfer rate.

Description

A kind of novel remote kilowatt meter reading-out system
 
Technical field
The present invention relates to tele-control system, be specifically related to a kind of novel remote kilowatt meter reading-out system.
 
Background technology
As everyone knows, traditionally for meterage and the management of domestic water meter, ammeter, calorimeter and gas meter, flow meter four table, major part is all that the personnel that take manually copy several modes to indoor: meter reading personnel register one's residence read user use water number certificate, then carry out statistics charging, then charge in user family.There is a lot of drawback in this method:
1. checking meter, labor intensity is large, efficiency is low;
2. leak to copy copies unavoidably by mistake;
3. the cycle of charging from checking meter to is long;
4. managerial cost are high;
5. easily pretended to be by offender, there is potential safety hazard.
The second meter reading method is IC card type prepayment mode: meter reading personnel is without the need to locating to user, and user buys magnetic card, IC card etc. by bank transfer expense or to water resource management department, provides consumption, complete fee collection by purchase volume.It has limitation water, to pay conveniently function, and do not need again to lay spool with water, easy to install.But external a lot of developed country does not advocate this way of paying, reason is that they not think and allow resident because unpaid water rate and lose the right of the most basic water resource of use for the moment.
Remote automatic meter reading system be supervision department be used for industry and domestic water, electricity consumption, with hot and monitor with gas, manage and control, and to the important means that user's consumption situation is added up, analyzed.It is that the data utilizing concentrator to be collected by intellectual water meter carry out preserving, processing, and is connected, can carries out message exchange as requested and between computing machine by network-bus with computing machine.Wherein, the mode that the mode of concentrator collection data of water meter and concentrator are connected with computing machine is divided into wired and wireless two kinds of transmission modes, wherein wired mode input cost is large, needs the data center of laying a large amount of communication lines large-scale with construction to carry out data maintenance.The water meter of current support remote automatic meter reading mode mainly comprises GPRS radio meter register, power line carrier water meter, make a video recording direct reading remote watermeters, Fixed Telephony formula remote transmitting water meter and gsm wireless are checked meter.
(1) GPRS radio meter register: water meter has data metering and processing capacity, data wirelessly (GPRS/CDMA) realize receiving and sending.This type of water meter, without the need to laying-out, is safeguarded with easy for installation, and great majority use the amateurish wireless frequency of international standard and homemade private communication protocol.But because single table installs wireless transmitter additional, the corresponding raising of cost, and often need to change battery, more because take the wireless frequency of charge, also need to pay certain rent and overhead cost; In addition there is the safety problem of data communication, so application is little on current domestic meter market.
(2) power line carrier water meter: under the impact of power line carrier water meter widespread use abroad, China is also continuous technically strives obtaining further developing at low pressure carrier wave, and a lot of mechanism puts forth effort to work out and utilizes low-voltage power line as the intelligent telemetering water meter of communications carrier.But the power line carrier special chip of key is mostly produced by external company, add that the interference ratio of China's electrical network is comparatively large, so can this water meter reliably use also still in discussion, this remote transmitting water meter widespread use be made also to need further research.
(3) shooting direct reading remote watermeters: install pinhole cameras on intellectual water meter, the image of captured in real-time water meter Water usage, because the electric current of water meter is very little, so the wiring time that is convenient, that use is long.Can by hand-held set or wired mode by with the picture transfer of water number certificate to the pulpit in a distant place.But the cost of this shooting direct reading remote watermeters is comparatively large, restricts in actual applications by development condition.
(4) Fixed Telephony formula remote transmitting water meter: because Modern Family's phone uses frequent, the success ratio of incoming call of checking meter is low, and communication efficiency cannot ensure.
(5) gsm wireless is checked meter: wireless telecommunications have a lot of mode, mainly uses at present and utilizes common mobile.Large user has at the electric energy meter, water meter, the gas meter that use the band gsm wireless network terminal, the covering utilizing existing gsm wireless network and the server having installed GSM modulator-demodular unit additional networking are with the object reaching remote automatic meter reading, though reduce construction period and cost, but because the electric energy meter of the band gsm wireless network terminal, water meter, gas meter are due to the price of costliness, cause and be difficult to large-area in resident promoting the use of.
 
Summary of the invention
?the present invention overcomes the deficiency that prior art exists, technical matters to be solved for provide a kind of low cost, low-power consumption, small investment, system Construction cycle short, without circuit maintenance cost, the remote intelligent meter recording system unified of reliability is high, transfer rate is high, dirigibility is good, coverage is large four tables.
To achieve these goals, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of novel remote kilowatt meter reading-out system, comprise the water meter of band electric power carrier interface, with the ammeter of electric power carrier interface, with the hotlist of electric power carrier interface, with the gas meter of electric power carrier interface, data acquisition unit, data concentrator and remote monitoring terminal, the water meter of described band electric power carrier interface, with the ammeter of electric power carrier interface, hotlist with electric power carrier interface is connected with data acquisition unit by low voltage power line carrier communication LAN (Local Area Network) with the gas meter of band electric power carrier interface, described data acquisition unit is communicated with described data concentrator by ZigBee wireless network, described data concentrator is communicated with described remote monitoring terminal by GPRS+3G network.
Further, described data acquisition unit comprises control module, power line carrier modem, CC2530 wireless transport module, power supply, storer and clock circuit, described power line carrier modem, CC2530 wireless transport module and storer are electrically connected with described control module is two-way respectively, and described power supply is that described control module is powered.
Further, described data concentrator comprises control module, CC2530 wireless transport module, GPRS+3G communication module, power supply, storer and clock circuit, described CC2530 wireless transport module, GPRS+3G communication module and storer are electrically connected with described control module is two-way respectively, and described power supply is that described control module is powered.
Further, described remote monitoring terminal is provided with GPRS+3G communication module.
Further, the hotlist of the water meter of described band electric power carrier interface and/or the ammeter of band electric power carrier interface and/or band electric power carrier interface and/or the gas meter of band electric power carrier interface comprise the motorized valve of whether closing for controlling it.
The invention also discloses a kind of data acquisition unit, comprise control module, power line carrier modem, CC2530 wireless transport module, power supply, storer and clock circuit, described power line carrier modem, CC2530 wireless transport module and storer are electrically connected with described control module is two-way respectively, and described power supply is that described control module is powered.
The invention also discloses a kind of data concentrator, comprise control module, CC2530 wireless transport module, GPRS+3G communication module, power supply, storer and clock circuit, described CC2530 wireless transport module, GPRS+3G communication module and storer are electrically connected with described control module is two-way respectively, and described power supply is that described control module is powered.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1, electric line carrier communication take power circuit as transmission channel, has that channel reliability is high, small investment, an advantage such as synchronous with power grid construction.Owing to make use of existing AC power cord as communication line, eliminate unpractical paving lineman journey.And low-voltage power line be for transmit 50Hz power frequency electric energy and lay.Utilize existing power circuit to build the related data of low-voltage power carrier communication LAN (Local Area Network) collection water meter, ammeter, hotlist and gas meter, without the need to separately building communication line, cost of investment is few, and the kilowatt meter reading-out system construction period is short, circuit Maintenance free; And the carrier data communication of short distance LAN (Local Area Network) is set up at low-voltage power line, current Technical comparing is ripe, reliable, and therefore communication quality is guaranteed.
2, ZigBee technology is low in energy consumption, emissive power is low, low complex degree, is a kind of highly reliable wireless data sending network, can improves the reliability of system, reduces the cost of system.
3, adopt GPRS and 3G bimodulus Seamless Network to carry out the remote transmission of data, greatly can increase power system capacity, improve communication quality and message transmission rate.In addition utilize the seamless roam technology between heterogeneous networks, wireless communication system and Internet can be coupled together, thus more more senior services can be provided to terminal user.
 
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is elaborated:
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of novel remote kilowatt meter reading-out system of the present invention.
 
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of novel remote kilowatt meter reading-out system, comprise the water meter 1 of band electric power carrier interface, the ammeter 2 of band electric power carrier interface, the hotlist 3 being with electric power carrier interface, the gas meter 4 being with electric power carrier interface, data acquisition unit 5, data concentrator 6 and remote monitoring terminal 7, the hotlist 3 of the water meter 1 of described band electric power carrier interface, the ammeter 2 of band electric power carrier interface, band electric power carrier interface passes through low voltage power line carrier communication LAN (Local Area Network) with the gas meter 4 of band electric power carrier interface and is connected with data acquisition unit 5; Described data acquisition unit 5 comprises control module 51, power line carrier modem 52, CC2530 wireless transport module 53, power supply 54, storer 55 and clock circuit 56, described power line carrier modem 52, CC2530 wireless transport module 53 and storer 55 are electrically connected with described control module 51 is two-way respectively, and described power supply 54 is powered for described control module 51; Described data concentrator 6 comprises control module 61, CC2530 wireless transport module 62, GPRS+3G communication module 63, power supply 64, storer 65 and clock circuit 66, described CC2530 wireless transport module 62, GPRS+3G communication module 63 and storer 65 are electrically connected with described control module 61 is two-way respectively, and described power supply 64 is powered for described control module 61; Described remote monitoring terminal 7 is provided with GPRS+3G communication module 71.
Described data acquisition unit 5 is communicated with described data concentrator 6 by ZigBee wireless network, and described data concentrator 6 is communicated with described remote monitoring terminal 7 by 3GPRS+3G network.
The specific embodiment of the present invention is as follows:
1. data acquisition unit 5 passes through power line carrier modem 52 by after the data acquisition in the water meter 1 of band electric power carrier interface, ammeter 2, hotlist 3 and gas meter 4, calculation process is carried out in control module 51, and the classification carrying out agreement is resolved, the data handled well are stored in storer 55, and upload to data concentrator 6 by CC2530 wireless transport module 53, ZigBee-network and CC2530 wireless transport module 62;
2. data concentrator 6 can receive the data message of several data acquisition unit 5, and is unifiedly sent to remote monitoring terminal 7 by GPRS+3G communication module 63,3GPRS+3G network;
Staff sends data to data concentrator 6 by remote monitoring terminal 7 again to after the data analysis of described remote monitoring terminal 7, described data are sent to corresponding data acquisition unit 5 by described data concentrator 6, corresponding data acquisition unit 5 carries out data acquisition according to received data to the corresponding water meter 1 of electric power carrier interface, ammeter 2, hotlist 3 and the gas meter 4 be with or carries out switch control rule, can stop water supply, power supply, heat supply or air feed by described switch control rule to the user exceeding setting dosage.

Claims (7)

1. a novel remote kilowatt meter reading-out system, it is characterized in that: the water meter (1) comprising band electric power carrier interface, ammeter (2) with electric power carrier interface, hotlist (3) with electric power carrier interface, gas meter (4) with electric power carrier interface, data acquisition unit (5), data concentrator (6) and remote monitoring terminal (7), the water meter (1) of described band electric power carrier interface, ammeter (2) with electric power carrier interface, hotlist (3) with electric power carrier interface is connected with data acquisition unit (5) by low voltage power line carrier communication LAN (Local Area Network) with the gas meter (4) of band electric power carrier interface, described data acquisition unit (5) is communicated with described data concentrator (6) by ZigBee wireless network, described data concentrator (6) is communicated with described remote monitoring terminal (7) by GPRS+3G network.
2. novel remote kilowatt meter reading-out system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described data acquisition unit (5) comprises control module (51), power line carrier modem (52), CC2530 wireless transport module (53), power supply (54), storer (55) and clock circuit (56), described power line carrier modem (52), CC2530 wireless transport module (53) and storer (55) are electrically connected with described control module (51) is two-way respectively, and described power supply (54) is described control module (51) power supply.
3. novel remote kilowatt meter reading-out system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described data concentrator (6) comprises control module (61), CC2530 wireless transport module (62), GPRS+3G communication module (63), power supply (64), storer (65) and clock circuit (66), described CC2530 wireless transport module (62), GPRS+3G communication module (63) and storer (65) are electrically connected with described control module (61) is two-way respectively, and described power supply (64) is described control module (61) power supply.
4. novel remote kilowatt meter reading-out system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described remote monitoring terminal (7) is provided with GPRS+3G communication module (71).
5. according to the novel remote kilowatt meter reading-out system according to any one of Claims 1-4, it is characterized in that: the hotlist (3) of the water meter (1) of described band electric power carrier interface and/or the ammeter (2) of band electric power carrier interface and/or band electric power carrier interface and/or the gas meter (4) of band electric power carrier interface comprise the motorized valve of whether closing for controlling it.
6. a data acquisition unit, it is characterized in that: comprise control module (51), power line carrier modem (52), CC2530 wireless transport module (53), power supply (54), storer (55) and clock circuit (56), described power line carrier modem (52), CC2530 wireless transport module (53) and storer (55) are electrically connected with described control module (51) is two-way respectively, and described power supply (54) is described control module (51) power supply.
7. a data concentrator, it is characterized in that: comprise control module (61), CC2530 wireless transport module (62), GPRS+3G communication module (63), power supply (64), storer (65) and clock circuit (66), described CC2530 wireless transport module (62), GPRS+3G communication module (63) and storer (65) are electrically connected with described control module (61) is two-way respectively, and described power supply (64) is described control module (61) power supply.
CN201410488810.6A 2014-09-23 2014-09-23 Novel remote meter reading system Pending CN104318734A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410488810.6A CN104318734A (en) 2014-09-23 2014-09-23 Novel remote meter reading system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410488810.6A CN104318734A (en) 2014-09-23 2014-09-23 Novel remote meter reading system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104318734A true CN104318734A (en) 2015-01-28

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104867317A (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-08-26 湖北华辰凯龙电力有限公司 Acquisition, operation, maintenance and supervision terminal for low-voltage users
CN105279927A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-01-27 林蓉瑶 Remote water meter reading system
CN105638064A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-06-08 中国农业大学 Remotely-metering water and fertilizer coupling regulation and control system of cotton drip irrigation under mulch
CN105869377A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-08-17 成都易信达科技股份有限公司 Remote meter reading system with water meter
CN106066416A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-11-02 国网山西省电力公司大同供电公司 A kind of intelligent electric meter based on mobile Internet
CN106781375A (en) * 2016-12-10 2017-05-31 国网浙江省电力公司湖州供电公司 Water meter ammeter hotlist gas meter four-in-one converter
CN107730865A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-23 成都汉度科技有限公司 Electricity consumption monitoring and energy efficiency management system are matched somebody with somebody by a kind of enterprise based on polymer optical fiber communication
CN109118743A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-01-01 国网山东省电力公司潍坊供电公司 A kind of electrical energy measurement kilowatt meter reading-out system
CN110796848A (en) * 2019-09-30 2020-02-14 南京达蓝自动化科技有限公司 Remote control meter reading system and control method thereof

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104867317A (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-08-26 湖北华辰凯龙电力有限公司 Acquisition, operation, maintenance and supervision terminal for low-voltage users
CN105279927A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-01-27 林蓉瑶 Remote water meter reading system
CN105638064A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-06-08 中国农业大学 Remotely-metering water and fertilizer coupling regulation and control system of cotton drip irrigation under mulch
CN105869377A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-08-17 成都易信达科技股份有限公司 Remote meter reading system with water meter
CN106066416A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-11-02 国网山西省电力公司大同供电公司 A kind of intelligent electric meter based on mobile Internet
CN106781375A (en) * 2016-12-10 2017-05-31 国网浙江省电力公司湖州供电公司 Water meter ammeter hotlist gas meter four-in-one converter
CN107730865A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-23 成都汉度科技有限公司 Electricity consumption monitoring and energy efficiency management system are matched somebody with somebody by a kind of enterprise based on polymer optical fiber communication
CN109118743A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-01-01 国网山东省电力公司潍坊供电公司 A kind of electrical energy measurement kilowatt meter reading-out system
CN110796848A (en) * 2019-09-30 2020-02-14 南京达蓝自动化科技有限公司 Remote control meter reading system and control method thereof

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