CN104310308A - Multifunctional methanol splitting decomposition hydrogen production device - Google Patents

Multifunctional methanol splitting decomposition hydrogen production device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104310308A
CN104310308A CN201410479628.4A CN201410479628A CN104310308A CN 104310308 A CN104310308 A CN 104310308A CN 201410479628 A CN201410479628 A CN 201410479628A CN 104310308 A CN104310308 A CN 104310308A
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methanol
air
characterized
cracker
pump
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CN201410479628.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104310308B (en
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金小强
吴云
李昆静
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金景达(北京)环保热力科技有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10General improvement of production processes causing greenhouse gases [GHG] emissions
    • Y02P20/12Energy input
    • Y02P20/129Energy recovery

Abstract

The invention provides a methanol splitting decomposition hydrogen production device, which comprises a methanol pump (1), a diesel pump (2), a solenoid valve (3), a nozzle (4), an operating table (5), an air blower (6), an air inlet (7), a methanol cracking device(8), an air heater (9), a temperature sensor (10), a hydrogen cooler (11), an explosion-proof safety tank (12), a centrifugal pump (13), a cooling water tank (14) and a gas sampler (15). The device provided by the invention simulate industrial flue and kiln, uses waste heat of factory to carry out methanol splitting decomposition to produce hydrogen for combustion, improves combustion heat value of fuel, and reduces exhaust emissions. In addition, the device provided by the invention has simple operation and high security, can be adjusted to realize methanol splitting decomposition under different temperatures and can be used to data acquisition and science research of methanol splitting decomposition hydrogen production.

Description

一种多功能甲醇裂解制氢设备 A multifunctional methanol cracking device

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于化工技术领域,具体涉及一种利用工厂烟道废热裂解甲醇生产氢气燃烧使用的设备。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of chemical technology, particularly to an apparatus utilizing waste heat from the flue cracking plant for methanol production using hydrogen combustion.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 化石燃料作为现代社会的经济和物质基础,在社会发展过程中起到了支柱作用。 [0002] fossil fuels as an economic and material basis of modern society, played a pivotal role in the social development process. 随着经济发展和人口增长,能源的需求量持续增加,出现了化石能源短缺与环境污染等亟待解决的重大问题,因此,寻求新的替代性新型能源是未来国家能源可持续发展的方向。 With economic development and population growth, the demand for energy continues to increase, there have been major problems to be solved fossil energy shortage and environmental pollution, therefore, to seek new alternative new energy is the future direction of sustainable development of the country's energy.

[0003] 氢气作为一种可再生新能源,具有热值高、清洁零排放等特点,在工业上有广泛的用途。 [0003] Hydrogen as a new renewable energy sources, has a high calorific value, clean zero emission characteristics, a wide range of uses in industry. 氢气的制备方法有很多种,如电解水制氢、天然气制氢、轻烷蒸汽化制氢、煤蒸汽重整制氢和甲醇裂解制氢等。 Method for producing hydrogen, there are many, such as water electrolysis hydrogen, natural gas, hydrogen, alkyl light vaporized hydrogen, coal and steam reforming methanol cracking and the like. 与其他几种制备方法相比,甲醇裂解制氢具有成本低、技术成熟、能耗低等特点。 Compared with several other production method, methanol cracking low cost, mature technology, low energy consumption. 现甲醇裂解制氢设备多种多样,但这些设备只能在比较窄的温度范围内工作,并且目前还没有安装在工厂烟道利用废热裂解甲醇制氢的甲醇裂解设备。 Methanol cracking equipment is now varied, but these devices work only in a relatively narrow temperature range, and is not installed at the factory waste heat of the flue methanol Hydrogen cracking of methanol cracking apparatus.

[0004] 本发明公开了一种投资低、操作简单、安全性高、应用广泛的新型多功能甲醇裂解制氢设备。 [0004] The present invention discloses an investment low, simple, safe, new multifunctional widely methanol cracking apparatus.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的多功能甲醇裂解制氢设备,其特征在于设备主要由(I)甲醇泵、(2)柴油泵、⑶电磁阀、⑷喷嘴、(5)操作台、(6)鼓风机、(7)进风口、⑶甲醇裂解器、(9)空气加热器、(10)温度传感器、(11)空气冷却器、(12)防爆安全罐、(13)离心泵、(14)冷却水罐、(15)气体取样器等组成。 [0005] Multifunctional methanol cracking apparatus of the present invention is mainly characterized in that the device (I) a methanol pump (2) diesel pumps, solenoid valves ⑶, ⑷ nozzle, (5) the console, (6) a blower, (7) inlet, ⑶ methanol cracker, (9) an air heater (10) a temperature sensor (11) an air cooler (12) explosion proof tank, (13) a centrifugal pump, (14) the cooling water tank , (15) the composition of the gas samplers.

[0006] 本发明的多功能甲醇裂解制氢设备,可以分为两个模拟工作阶段,第一阶段模拟工业烟道,利用工厂排放废热裂解甲醇制氢;第二阶段模拟工业炉窑,炉窑内燃烧甲醇裂解制得的氢气。 [0006] Multifunctional methanol cracking apparatus of the present invention, the work simulation can be divided into two phases, the first simulated industrial flue waste heat utilization plant emissions hydrogen cracking methanol; second stage simulated industrial furnaces, furnace the combustion of hydrogen cracking in the methanol.

[0007] 第一阶段,操作台控制电磁阀和柴油泵,将一定量柴油经过喷嘴喷入甲醇裂解器空腔内,同时配比一定量由鼓风机和进风口输入的空气,点火燃烧,使甲醇裂解器空腔内燃烧至与实际烟道温度相近,通过温度传感器反应腔体内温度并调节风速和油量维持温度。 [0007] In the first stage, the solenoid valve and the control console diesel pump, the amount of diesel fuel through the nozzle into the methanol cracker the cavity, while the ratio of an amount of air by the blower and the air inlet input ignition combustion, methanol cracker cavity close to the combustion flue and the actual temperature, the body temperature of the reaction chamber by a temperature sensor and adjust the speed and to maintain the oil temperature. 甲醇泵可以通过操作台控制电磁阀,经由喷嘴进入甲醇裂解器裂解管内进行裂解。 Methanol pump may be a solenoid valve controlled by the console, cleavage via a nozzle into the methanol cracker cracking tube. 运用到实际工业过程中时,可以根据烟道温度,更换多功能甲醇裂解器内的裂解管进行裂解反应。 When applied to an actual industrial process, according to the temperature of the flue, the replacement of methanol cracking tube multifunctional cracker cleavage reaction.

[0008] 裂解得到的氢气经过冷却系统冷却后,通过气体取样器取样化验,采集不同温度下的裂解气体成分。 [0008] After cleavage resulting hydrogen cooling system, sampling was conducted by a gas sampler, collecting the cracked gas composition at different temperatures.

[0009] 第二阶段,将制得的氢气,配比一定量的空气,通过进风口进入甲醇裂解器的空腔内,取代柴油进行燃烧,相当于模拟工业炉窑。 [0009] In the second stage, the resulting hydrogen, the ratio of a volume of air through the inlet into the cavity of the methanol cracker, substituted diesel combustion, corresponding to a simulated industrial furnaces. 由于氢气的热值高,能达到1300°C的高温,并且燃烧后排放清洁,在工业上大有用途。 Due to the high heat value of the hydrogen gas can be a high temperature of 1300 ° C, combustion and exhaust cleaning, great use in industry. 另外燃烧后的烟气可以通过烟®的检测口进行检测。 Further the combustion flue gas can be detected by the smoke detection port ®.

[0010] 该设备设计了如下防爆措施:氢气冷却系统采用水封,防止气体倒吸回火。 [0010] The device is designed as explosion protection: hydrogen cooling system using water seal, preventing suckback tempering gas. 安全防爆罐罐口为铝箔安全防爆口,侧面安装三通阀,三通阀外部为安全阀和单向阀,防止设备内部压力过大。 Tanks safe explosion-proof safety Vent port is an aluminum foil, side-mounted three-way valve, three-way valve and the outer valve is a check valve, preventing the internal pressure of the device is too large. 整个设备内压略高于外压,不会产生外部气体入侵导致的爆炸事故。 Pressure slightly higher than the external pressure over the entire device, no external gas explosion caused by the invasion.

[0011] 本发明的多功能甲醇裂解制氢设备,投资低、操作简单、安全性高、应用广泛。 Multifunctional methanol cracking apparatus [0011] according to the present invention, low investment, easy operation, safety, it is widely used. 可以根据该设备原理改造大小工业或民用烧煤、烧柴油锅炉,不消耗额外能耗,利用了废热,产生了清洁高热值的氢气。 The device according to the principles of transformation of the size of the industrial or commercial coal, burning diesel boiler, do not consume additional energy consumption, use of waste heat, resulting in a high calorific value of clean hydrogen. 经济效益显著的同时,大大降低了环境污染。 Significant economic benefits, while greatly reducing the environmental pollution.

[0012] 除了工业用,该设备还可以应用于甲醇裂解制氢的数据采集和学术研究。 [0012] In addition to industrial use, the data acquisition device may also academic research and methanol cracking applied.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0013] 在附图中,每个附图都是示意性的 [0013] In the drawings, each of the drawings are schematic

[0014] 附图1示出本发明多功能甲醇裂解制氢设备的整体原理结构图。 [0014] Figure 1 shows the principle configuration diagram of the entire multifunctional methanol cracking apparatus of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1.一种多功能甲醇裂解制氢设备,其特征在于设备主要由(I)甲醇泵、(2)柴油泵、(3)电磁阀、⑷喷嘴、(5)操作台、(6)鼓风机、(7)进风口、⑶甲醇裂解器、(9)空气加热器、(10)温度传感器、(11)空气冷却器、(12)防爆安全罐、(13)离心泵、(14)冷却水罐、(15)气体取样器等组成。 1. A multifunctional methanol cracking apparatus, characterized in that the equipment consists of (I) methanol pump (2) diesel pump, (3) a solenoid valve, ⑷ nozzle, (5) the console, (6) a blower, (7) inlet, ⑶ methanol cracker, (9) an air heater (10) a temperature sensor (11) an air cooler (12) explosion proof tank, (13) a centrifugal pump, (14) the cooling water tank , (15) the composition of the gas samplers.
2.根据权利要求1所述的多功能甲醇裂解制氢设备,其特征在于柴油泵可以通过操作台控制电磁阀,经由喷嘴进入甲醇裂解器空腔内,甲醇泵可以通过操作台控制电磁阀,经由喷嘴进入甲醇裂解器裂解管内。 2. Multifunctional methanol cracking apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the solenoid valve can be controlled diesel pump via the console, the methanol cracker through a nozzle into the cavity, the methanol pump can be controlled via the console solenoid valve, via a nozzle into the methanol cracker cracking tube.
3.根据权利要求1所述的多功能甲醇裂解制氢设备,其特征在含有多功能甲醇裂解器。 The multifunctional methanol cracking apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that a polyfunctional methanol cracker. 甲醇裂解器内部安装有特制裂解管,并且设计了含有催化剂与不含催化剂等不同类型的裂解管,根据不同使用条件,可以方便的拆卸,进行更换安装。 Methanol cracker is mounted inside a special cracking tube, the cracking tube and designed with different types of catalyst and no catalyst or the like, depending on the conditions of use, can be easily disassembled for replacement and installation. 多功能甲醇裂解器底部装有两个与操作台相连的温度传感器。 Multifunctional methanol cracker bottom with two temperature sensor coupled to the console.
4.根据权利要求3所述的功能甲醇裂解器,其特征在于裂解器的上部是空气加热器,裂解器出口与氢气冷却器相连。 The function of the methanol cracker according to claim 3, characterized in that the upper portion of the cracker is an air heater, and the hydrogen gas outlet is connected to the cooler cleavage.
5.根据权利要求4所述的空气加热器,其特征在于空气加热器与鼓风机、进风口、甲醇裂解器组成空气循环路径。 The air heater according to claim 4, characterized in that the air blower and heater, air inlet, methanol cracking air circulation path composed. 空气加热器上部与本设备烟囱相连,烟囱底部安装有空吸管与排气检测口。 This air heater and an upper stack connected to the apparatus, the pipette mounting empty detection port and the exhaust chimney base.
6.根据权利要求4所述的氢气冷却器,其特征在于氢气冷却器、安全防爆罐、离心泵和冷却水罐组成冷却水循环系统。 Hydrogen gas cooler according to claim 4, characterized in that the cooler hydrogen, safe explosion-proof tank, a centrifugal pump and a cooling water tank cooling water circulation system composed.
7.根据权利要求1所述的安全防爆罐,其特征在于罐口为铝箔安全防爆口,侧面安装三通阀,外部为安全阀和单向阀。 The safety of the explosion-proof canister to claim 1, characterized in that the tank port security Vent aluminum foil, side-mounted three-way valve, a safety valve and a check valve externally.
8.根据权利要求1所述的取样器,其特征在于取样器与安全防爆罐相连,停止取样时,取样口还可与鼓风机、进风口相连,将所得气体配风输送至甲醇裂解器内。 8. A sampler according to claim 1, characterized in that the sampler is connected to the explosion-proof safety tank, stop sampling, sampling port and the blower may be, air inlet connected to the air distribution resulting gas delivered to the methanol cracker.
CN201410479628.4A 2014-09-19 2014-09-19 A multifunctional methanol cracking device CN104310308B (en)

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