CN203980237U - A kind of combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler - Google Patents

A kind of combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203980237U
CN203980237U CN201420349830.0U CN201420349830U CN203980237U CN 203980237 U CN203980237 U CN 203980237U CN 201420349830 U CN201420349830 U CN 201420349830U CN 203980237 U CN203980237 U CN 203980237U
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China
Prior art keywords
boiler
heat
waste
burner
biomass fuel
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420349830.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李而宏
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Guangxi Guigang Hongli Biological Energy Technology Co ltd
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler, comprises burner, boiler plant and waste heat dust removing purifier, and described burner is that a kind of furnace wall is provided with inner chamber, reclaims the combustor of heat; Described boiler plant is to be provided with many endothermic tubes; Described waste heat dust removing purifier is the device of a kind of residual heat collection and dedusting combination, and described boiler plant enters burner by boiler and is connected with the nozzle of burner, and the chimney of boiler plant is connected with waste heat dust removing purifier by the stovepipe with flange.The utlity model has that structural design is ingenious, heat utilization rate is high, dust removing effects is good and the feature such as long service life.

Description

A kind of combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of boiler, is specially a kind of combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler.
Background technology
At present, the boiler of the various festival energies of China constantly occurs, technology keeps reforming innovation.According to the < < boiler of being published by China Construction Industry Press December nineteen ninety and boiler room equipment > >, publish, and < < biomass fuel user's manual > > mono-book of being published by Beijing Chemical Industry Press, all introduced respectively that structure and the biomass combustion machine of national various boiler obtain service condition in recent years, how these boilers improve fuel is fuel value, improve the thermal efficiency, aspect the saving energy, obtaining very large achievement, yet in today of scientific and technological skill development, boiler structure originally and combustion system and the thermal efficiency can not all meet and adapt to the needs of modern society far away.The combustor using now easily burns out combustor burner hearth because fire box temperature is too high, causes combustor short service life.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide that a kind of structural design is ingenious, heat utilization rate is high, dust removing effects is good and the combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler of long service life.
The technical solution of the utility model is achieved in that
A combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler, comprises burner, boiler plant and waste heat dust removing purifier, and described burner is that a kind of furnace wall is provided with inner chamber, reclaims the combustor of heat; Described boiler plant is to be provided with many endothermic tubes; Described waste heat dust removing purifier is the device of a kind of residual heat collection and dedusting combination, and described boiler plant enters burner by boiler and is connected with the nozzle of burner, and the chimney of boiler plant is connected with waste heat dust removing purifier by the stovepipe with flange.
Described burner, comprise combustor base, boiler combustion machine liner, casing, burner hearth, and nozzle, combustor base top is provided with casing, combustor base bottom is provided with boiler combustion machine cleaning door, in boiler combustion machine cleaning door, be communicated with Oxygen tube, in casing, be provided with heat-insulation layer, boiler combustion machine liner is arranged in heat-insulation layer, in boiler combustion machine liner, it is burner hearth, bunkering port and nozzle are arranged on hearth wall, on nozzle, be provided with bocca and offer secondary oxygen supply port, boiler combustion machine liner bottom is provided with fire grate, between in boiler combustion machine liner and heat-insulation layer, be provided with boiler intracavity, boiler intracavity top offers upper outlet, heat-insulation layer bottom is provided with boiler intracavity outlet,
Described boiler plant, comprise that boiler jacket, boiler furnace, boiler casing and flue flue inner chamber are boiler furnace, boiler furnace bottom is provided with boiler and enters burner and see burner, in boiler furnace, be provided with many endothermic tubes, boiler furnace top is provided with chimney, and boiler jacket is placed in outside flue, between boiler jacket and flue, form boiler casing, boiler casing top is mounted with content gauge, and bottom is provided with liquid outlet, and top is provided with inlet and atmospheric communicating pipe;
Described waste heat dust removing purifier, comprise cleaned water tank, chimney entrance, waste-heat box, Waste-heat duster and dirt pocket, stovepipe with flange is connected to the Waste-heat duster in waste-heat box through chimney entrance, Waste-heat duster bottom is connected in boiler furnace by warm-air pipe, waste-heat box top offers air entry, in Waste-heat duster, be provided with dirt pocket and deduster smoke pipe, dirt pocket below is provided with disposal box, deduster smoke pipe is connected in cleaned water tank by deduster pipe, cleaned water tank top is provided with water supplement port and cleaned water tank pipe, bottom is provided with cleaned water tank outlet, air-introduced machine one end connects cleaned water tank pipe, the other end connects blowdown stack.
In described boiler intracavity, can add conduction oil, water or other heat carrier, can make full use of the heat that burner hearth gives out, improve heat utilization rate.
Described heat-insulation layer inwall can be provided with aluminium film heat-reflecting layer, heat more can be made full use of.
Described bunkering port and nozzle can be arranged on upper furnace as required.
Combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler of the present utility model, between the boiler combustion machine liner of its burner and heat-insulation layer, be provided with boiler intracavity, in boiler intracavity, can add conduction oil, water or other heat carrier, can make full use of the heat that combustor burner hearth gives out it is carried out to preheating, can avoid again because of the too high phenomenon easily combustor burner hearth being burnt out of fire box temperature, both improve the energy utilization rate of combustor, extended again the service life of combustor; The roundabout connection in dirt pocket of the dedusting smoke pipe of its waste heat dust removing purifier, both strengthened the effect of dedusting, Waste-heat duster bottom is provided with hot-blast outlet, it is connected to by warm-air pipe the waste heat that boiler furnace makes full use of flue dust, water purification installation is set, can reduce the pollution to atmosphere of carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide, flue dust adopts air-introduced machine tapping equipment to reduce tempering and the pyrotechnics anti-channeling phenomenon of combustor after waste heat dust removing purifier is processed.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Serial number name in figure is:
1, combustor base, 2, boiler intracavity outlet, 3, boiler combustion machine liner, 4, boiler combustion machine cleaning door, 5, bunkering port, 6, fire grate, 7, casing, 8, boiler intracavity, 9, burner hearth, 10, heat-insulation layer, 11, Oxygen tube, 12, bocca, 13, upper outlet, 14, secondary oxygen supply port, 15, nozzle.16, boiler enters burner, 17, see burner, 18, boiler jacket, 19, boiler furnace, 20, boiler casing, 21, flue, 22, endothermic tube, 23, content gauge, 24, inlet, 25, thermometer, 26, atmospheric communicating pipe, 27, chimney, 28, flange, 29, liquid outlet, 30, cleaned water tank, 31, water supplement port, 32, warm-air pipe, 33, stovepipe, 34, chimney entrance, 35, waste-heat box, 36, Waste-heat duster, 37, dirt pocket, 38, deduster smoke pipe, 39, air entry, 40, deduster pipe, 41, disposal box, 42, cleaned water tank smoke inlet, 43, cleaned water tank pipe, 44, cleaned water tank outlet, 45, air-introduced machine, 46, blowdown stack.
The specific embodiment
For the more detailed the utility model of introducing, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described further.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler, comprises burner, boiler plant and waste heat dust removing purifier, and described burner is that a kind of furnace wall is provided with inner chamber, reclaims the combustor of heat; Described boiler plant is to be provided with many endothermic tubes; Described waste heat dust removing purifier is the device of a kind of residual heat collection and dedusting combination, described boiler plant enters burner 16 by boiler and is connected with the nozzle 15 of burner, and the chimney 27 of boiler plant is connected with waste heat dust removing purifier by the stovepipe 33 with flange 28.
Described burner, comprise combustor base 1, boiler combustion machine liner 3, casing 7, burner hearth 9 and nozzle 15, combustor base 1 top is provided with casing 7, combustor base 1 bottom is provided with boiler combustion machine cleaning door 4, in boiler combustion machine cleaning door 4, be communicated with Oxygen tube 11, in casing 7, be provided with heat-insulation layer 10, boiler combustion machine liner 3 is arranged in heat-insulation layer 10, in boiler combustion machine liner 3, it is burner hearth 9, bunkering port 5 and nozzle 15 are arranged on burner hearth 9 walls, on nozzle 15, be provided with bocca 12 and offer secondary oxygen supply port, boiler combustion machine liner 3 bottoms are provided with fire grate 6, between in boiler combustion machine liner 3 and heat-insulation layer 10, be provided with boiler intracavity 8, boiler intracavity 8 tops offer upper outlet 13, heat-insulation layer 10 bottoms are provided with boiler intracavity outlet 2,
Described boiler plant, comprise that boiler jacket 18, boiler furnace 19, boiler casing 20 and flue 21 flue 21 inner chambers are boiler furnace 19, boiler furnace 19 bottoms are provided with boiler and enter burner 16 and see burner 17, in boiler furnace 19, be provided with many endothermic tubes 22, boiler furnace 19 tops are provided with chimney 27, boiler jacket 18 is placed in outside flue 21, between boiler jacket 18 and flue 21, form boiler casing 20, boiler casing 20 tops are mounted with content gauge 23, bottom is provided with liquid outlet 29, and top is provided with inlet 24 and atmospheric communicating pipe 26;
Described waste heat dust removing purifier, comprise cleaned water tank 30, chimney entrance 34, waste-heat box 35, Waste-heat duster 36 and dirt pocket 37, Waste-heat duster 36 with the stovepipe 33 of flange 28 in chimney entrance 34 is connected to waste-heat box 35, Waste-heat duster 36 bottoms are connected in boiler furnace 19 by warm-air pipe 32, waste-heat box 35 tops offer air entry 39, in Waste-heat duster 36, be provided with dirt pocket 37 and deduster smoke pipe 38, dirt pocket 37 belows are provided with disposal box 41, deduster smoke pipe 38 is connected in cleaned water tank 30 by deduster pipe 40, cleaned water tank 30 tops are provided with water supplement port 31 and cleaned water tank pipe 43, bottom is provided with cleaned water tank outlet 44, air-introduced machine 45 one end connect cleaned water tank pipe 43, the other end connects blowdown stack 46.
In described boiler intracavity 8, can add conduction oil, water or other heat carrier.
Described heat-insulation layer 10 inwalls can be provided with aluminium film heat-reflecting layer.
With existing biomass gasifying furnace comparison, the fuel that combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler of the present invention is used is more abundant, the thermal efficiency improves 20%, and the particle that flue gas is discharged reduces more than 50%, and than existing biomass gasification boiler, can extend more than one times service life.

Claims (6)

1. a combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler, comprises burner, boiler plant and waste heat dust removing purifier, it is characterized in that: described burner is that a kind of furnace wall is provided with inner chamber, reclaims the combustor of heat; Described boiler plant is to be provided with many endothermic tubes; Described waste heat dust removing purifier is the device of a kind of residual heat collection and dedusting combination, described boiler plant enters burner (16) by boiler and is connected with the nozzle (15) of burner, and the chimney of boiler plant (27) is connected with waste heat dust removing purifier by the stovepipe (33) with flange (28).
2. combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described burner, comprise combustor base (1), boiler combustion machine liner (3), casing (7), burner hearth (9) and nozzle (15), combustor base (1) top is provided with casing (7), combustor base (1) bottom is provided with boiler combustion machine cleaning door (4), in boiler combustion machine cleaning door (4), be communicated with Oxygen tube (11), in casing (7), be provided with heat-insulation layer (10), boiler combustion machine liner (3) is arranged in heat-insulation layer (10), in boiler combustion machine liner (3), be burner hearth (9), bunkering port (5) and nozzle (15) are arranged on burner hearth (9) wall, on nozzle (15), be provided with bocca (12) and offer secondary oxygen supply port, boiler combustion machine liner (3) bottom is provided with fire grate (6), between in boiler combustion machine liner (3) and heat-insulation layer (10), be provided with boiler intracavity (8), boiler intracavity (8) top offers upper outlet (13), heat-insulation layer (10) bottom is provided with boiler intracavity outlet (2).
3. combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described boiler plant, comprise boiler jacket (18), boiler furnace (19), boiler casing (20) and flue (21) flue (21) inner chamber are boiler furnace (19), boiler furnace (19) bottom is provided with boiler and enters burner (16) and see burner (17), in boiler furnace (19), be provided with many endothermic tubes (22), boiler furnace (19) top is provided with chimney (27), boiler jacket (18) is placed in outside flue (21), between boiler jacket (18) and flue (21), form boiler casing (20), boiler casing (20) top is mounted with content gauge (23), bottom is provided with liquid outlet (29), top is provided with inlet (24) and atmospheric communicating pipe (26).
4. combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described waste heat dust removing purifier, comprise cleaned water tank (30), chimney entrance (34), waste-heat box (35), Waste-heat duster (36) and dirt pocket (37), Waste-heat duster (36) with the stovepipe (33) of flange (28) in chimney entrance (34) is connected to waste-heat box (35), Waste-heat duster (36) bottom is connected in boiler furnace (19) by warm-air pipe (32), waste-heat box (35) top offers air entry (39), in Waste-heat duster (36), be provided with dirt pocket (37) and deduster smoke pipe (38), dirt pocket (37) below is provided with disposal box (41), deduster smoke pipe (38) is connected in cleaned water tank (30) by deduster pipe (40), cleaned water tank (30) top is provided with water supplement port (31) and cleaned water tank pipe (43), bottom is provided with cleaned water tank outlet (44), air-introduced machine (45) one end connects cleaned water tank pipe (43), the other end connects blowdown stack (46).
5. combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described boiler intracavity (8) can add conduction oil, water.
6. combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described heat-insulation layer (10) inwall can be provided with aluminium film heat-reflecting layer.
CN201420349830.0U 2014-06-28 2014-06-28 A kind of combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler Expired - Fee Related CN203980237U (en)

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CN201420349830.0U CN203980237U (en) 2014-06-28 2014-06-28 A kind of combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420349830.0U CN203980237U (en) 2014-06-28 2014-06-28 A kind of combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104121570A (en) * 2014-06-28 2014-10-29 李而宏 Combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler
CN105130520A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 李而宏 Treatment method and equipment for vegetable and fruit waste

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104121570A (en) * 2014-06-28 2014-10-29 李而宏 Combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler
CN105130520A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 李而宏 Treatment method and equipment for vegetable and fruit waste
CN105130520B (en) * 2015-09-02 2018-11-06 李而宏 The processing method and equipment of vegetables and fruit waste

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: Guigang Guangxi Hongli industry and Trade Co.,Ltd.

Assignor: Li Erhong

Contract record no.: 2014450000079

Denomination of utility model: Combined energy-saving environment-friendly biomass fuel boiler

Granted publication date: 20141203

License type: Exclusive License

Record date: 20141223

LICC Enforcement, change and cancellation of record of contracts on the licence for exploitation of a patent or utility model
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20160602

Address after: 537100, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Guigang Jiangnan Avenue East side next to the gas station

Patentee after: GUANGXI GUIGANG HONGLI BIOLOGICAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD.

Address before: 537130 the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Guigang City, Gangnan District, Guigang City, Guangxi Jiangnan Road No. 61 Manulife trade limited company

Patentee before: Li Erhong

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141203