CN104286599B - A kind of Carassius auratus scrod feed - Google Patents

A kind of Carassius auratus scrod feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104286599B
CN104286599B CN201410628564.XA CN201410628564A CN104286599B CN 104286599 B CN104286599 B CN 104286599B CN 201410628564 A CN201410628564 A CN 201410628564A CN 104286599 B CN104286599 B CN 104286599B
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parts
cake
radix
weight
carassius auratus
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CN104286599A (en
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顾祥茂
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Guangzhou De Yuan biological feed Co., Ltd.
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Qingdao Yulanxiang Commercial Services Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

nullThe present invention relates to field of fodder,More specifically a kind of Carassius auratus scrod feed,It is made up of following component by weight: fish flour 10 15 parts,5 10 parts of yeast、Cottonseed cake 20 30 parts,Soybean cake 20 30 parts、Semen Maydis 10 15 parts,10 15 parts of wheat bran、15 20 parts of peanut cake、Compound vitamin 0.1 1.0 parts、Chinese medicine additive 15 parts、Mineral salt 12 parts,Described Chinese medicine additive includes following components: Flos Lonicerae、Radix Codonopsis、Radix Et Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi、Cortex Albiziae、Rhizoma Coptidis、The Radix Astragali、Fructus Aristolochiae、Rhizoma Belamcandae、Cortex Dictamni、Galla Chinensis、Melia azedarach L.、Cortex Phellodendri、Massa Medicata Fermentata、Poria、Bentonite、Fructus Hordei Germinatus,The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: use the feedstuff of the present invention to be effectively increased the survival rate of fish and the body weight of adult fish,Wherein survival rate is up to 99.67%、Body weight rate of increase is also up to 154.2%,Reduce feed coefficient,Improve the conversion ratio of feedstuff,Reduce cost,Add benefit.

Description

A kind of Carassius auratus scrod feed
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of fodder, more specifically a kind of Carassius auratus scrod feed.
Background technology
The omnivorefish that Carassius auratus is is mainly food with plant, happiness is gregarious and goes, and selects food and occupies.Fine and tender taste, meat nutriture value Being worth the highest, every hectogram meat is containing 13 grams of protein, 11 grams of fat, and contains the mineral such as substantial amounts of calcium, phosphorus, ferrum.Carassius auratus is medicinal Be worth high, its flat sweet in the mouth of property, enter stomach, kidney, have with middle qi-restoratives, except the feed of thin, stomach warming, effect of invigorating middle warmer anger.Carassius auratus is divided Cloth is extensive, and the most all there is production in waters in all parts of the country, with 2~April and 8~the Carassius auratus of December the most fertile, important for China One of edible fishes.Largest body is about 30cm, and perching the degree of depth is 0~20 meter, nontoxic, and economical edible fishes are inexpensive.
Though the resistance against diseases of Carassius auratus is strong, but owing to juvenile fish grows the completeest in life due to the aspect such as physiology and immunity Entirely, protect either with or without the feedstuff matched, therefore easily infect such as the diseases such as bright red gill virus, cause depositing of Carassius auratus juvenile fish Motility rate is relatively low, and adult fish owing to growing when juvenile fish, the bad weight causing adult fish is low, it is of poor quality to oppress, it is therefore desirable to a kind of It is suitable for the feedstuff of Carassius auratus juvenile fish.
Summary of the invention
The goal of the invention of the present invention is for weak point of the prior art, it is provided that raising of a kind of applicable Carassius auratus juvenile fish Material, the present invention uses and disclosure satisfy that and be added with outside the feedstuff of its nutritional requirement in promotion growth and the effect such as antibacterial, pest-resistant Medical herbs, improves the survival rate of Carassius auratus juvenile fish.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of Carassius auratus scrod feed, is made up of following component by weight: fish flour 10-15 part, yeast 5-10 part, cotton Core cake 20-30 part, soybean cake 20-30 part, Semen Maydis 10-15 part, wheat bran 10-15 part, peanut cake 15-20 part, compound vitamin 0.1- 1.0 parts, Chinese medicine additive 1-5 part, mineral salt 1-2 part, described Chinese medicine additive includes following components: Flos Lonicerae, Radix Codonopsis, thorn five Add, Cortex Albiziae, Rhizoma Coptidis, the Radix Astragali, Fructus Aristolochiae, Rhizoma Belamcandae, Cortex Dictamni, Galla Chinensis, Melia azedarach L., Cortex Phellodendri, Massa Medicata Fermentata, Poria, bentonite, wheat Bud.
Above-mentioned Carassius auratus scrod feed, is made up of following component by weight: fish flour 15 parts, 6 parts of yeast, Cottonseed cake 25 Part, soybean cake 25 parts, Semen Maydis 12 parts, 12 parts of wheat bran, 18 parts of peanut cake, compound vitamin 0.2 part, Chinese medicine additive 2 parts, mineral salt 1.5 part.
In above-mentioned Chinese medicine additive, each component is in parts by weight: Flos Lonicerae 6-15 part, Radix Codonopsis 1-5 part, Radix Et Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi 3-8 Part, Cortex Albiziae 5-10 part, Rhizoma Coptidis 6-15 part, Radix Astragali 8-15 part, Fructus Aristolochiae 2-8 part, Rhizoma Belamcandae 2-8 part, Cortex Dictamni 2-8 part, five times Sub-6-15 part, Melia azedarach L. 1-5 part, Cortex Phellodendri 5-10 part, Massa Medicata Fermentata 3-6 part, Poria 3-6 part, bentonite 2-5 part, Fructus Hordei Germinatus 6-15 part.
Optimizing, in above-mentioned Chinese medicine additive, each component is in parts by weight: Flos Lonicerae 12 parts, Radix Codonopsis 2 parts, Radix Et Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi 6 Part, Cortex Albiziae 8 parts, Rhizoma Coptidis 12 parts, the Radix Astragali 10 parts, Fructus Aristolochiae 6 parts, Rhizoma Belamcandae 6 parts, Cortex Dictamni 6 parts, Galla Chinensis 12 parts, Melia azedarach L. 2 Part, Cortex Phellodendri 6 parts, Massa Medicata Fermentata 5 parts, 5 parts of Poria, bentonite 3 parts, 12 parts of Fructus Hordei Germinatus.
Described compound vitamin includes one or more in vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E and vitamin K Mixing.
The preparation method of above-mentioned a kind of Carassius auratus scrod feed, comprises the steps: first by Flos Lonicerae, Radix Codonopsis, thorn five Add, Cortex Albiziae, Rhizoma Coptidis, the Radix Astragali, Fructus Aristolochiae, Rhizoma Belamcandae, Cortex Dictamni, Galla Chinensis, Melia azedarach L., Cortex Phellodendri, Massa Medicata Fermentata, Poria, Fructus Hordei Germinatus add decocting After boiling 3 times, decoction liquor is merged;And add distilled water filtering and concentrating, it is concentrated into relative density 1.05-1.07 at 60 DEG C, cooling Adding after room temperature after ethanol and stand 24 hours, filtering and concentrating is to relative density 1.05-1.07 at 60 DEG C, and adds equivalent water and stir Mix uniform post-drying pulverizing, be subsequently adding fish flour, yeast, Cottonseed cake, soybean cake, Semen Maydis, wheat bran, peanut cake, compound vitamin, ore deposit Thing salt and bentonite stir, and then pelletize at 90-100 DEG C.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: use the feedstuff of the present invention to be effectively increased the survival rate of fish and the body of adult fish Weight, wherein survival rate be up to 99.67%, body weight rate of increase also up to 154.2%, reduce feed coefficient, improve turning of feedstuff Rate, reduces cost, adds benefit.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention will be further described, in order to those skilled in the art can be more preferable Solve the present invention, but and be not so limited the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Carassius auratus scrod feed, is made up of following component by weight: fish flour 15 parts, 6 parts of yeast, Cottonseed cake 25 parts, Soybean cake 25 parts, Semen Maydis 12 parts, 12 parts of wheat bran, 18 parts of peanut cake, compound vitamin 0.2 part, Chinese medicine additive 2 parts, mineral salt 1.5 Part, wherein in Chinese medicine additive, each component is in parts by weight: Flos Lonicerae 12 parts, Radix Codonopsis 2 parts, Radix Et Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi 6 parts, Cortex Albiziae 8 parts, Rhizoma Coptidis 12 parts, the Radix Astragali 10 parts, Fructus Aristolochiae 6 parts, Rhizoma Belamcandae 6 parts, Cortex Dictamni 6 parts, Galla Chinensis 12 parts, Melia azedarach L. 2 parts, Cortex Phellodendri 6 parts, Massa Medicata Fermentata 5 parts, 5 parts of Poria, bentonite 3 parts, 12 parts of Fructus Hordei Germinatus.
Controlled trial
Choosing 900 urosome types uniform, body colour is normal, and vitality is good, and the Carassius auratus that age in days is similar to is as experimental subject, and it is put down All about body weight 1.5g, age in days 1-5 days, 900 tail Carassius auratus juvenile fish are randomly divided into 3 groups, are respectively experiment 1 group, test 2 groups and right According to group, respectively 3 groups of juvenile fish are put in a suitable place to breed in the identical ponds such as 3 water quality, landform, illumination, temperature, deposit detection in 15 days respectively Motility rate and 30 days detection body weight, testing result is shown in Table 1, experimental stage, tests 1 group and uses feedstuff described in the embodiment of the present invention 1, Testing 2 groups and use the feedstuff described in embodiment 1 without Chinese medicine additive, matched group uses common market to buy feedstuff, its In feeding process, the number of times that feeds intake, inventory are the most identical with charging time.
Body weight rate of increase (%)=(fish body end weight-fish body initial weight)/fish body initial weight * 100%;Feed coefficient (%)=throwing forage volume/ Gain in weight.
As seen from the above table, use feedstuff of the present invention to be effectively increased the survival rate of juvenile fish and the body weight of adult fish, reduce and raise Material coefficient.

Claims (5)

1. a Carassius auratus scrod feed, is made up of following component by weight: fish flour 10-15 part, yeast 5-10 part, Cottonseed Cake 20-30 part, soybean cake 20-30 part, Semen Maydis 10-15 part, wheat bran 10-15 part, peanut cake 15-20 part, compound vitamin 0.1-1.0 Part, Chinese medicine additive 1-5 part, mineral salt 1-2 part, described Chinese medicine additive is made up of following component by weight: gold silver Flower 6-15 part, Radix Codonopsis 1-5 part, Radix Et Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi 3-8 part, Cortex Albiziae 5-10 part, Rhizoma Coptidis 6-15 part, Radix Astragali 8-15 part, Fructus Aristolochiae 2-8 Part, Rhizoma Belamcandae 2-8 part, Cortex Dictamni 2-8 part, Galla Chinensis 6-15 part, Melia azedarach L. 1-5 part, Cortex Phellodendri 5-10 part, Massa Medicata Fermentata 3-6 part, Poria 3-6 Part, bentonite 2-5 part, Fructus Hordei Germinatus 6-15 part.
A kind of Carassius auratus scrod feed the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Carassius auratus scrod feed, by following Component composition by weight: fish flour 15 parts, 6 parts of yeast, Cottonseed cake 25 parts, soybean cake 25 parts, Semen Maydis 12 parts, 12 parts of wheat bran, 18 parts of peanut cake, compound vitamin 0.2 part, Chinese medicine additive 2 parts, mineral salt 1.5 parts.
A kind of Carassius auratus scrod feed the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in described Chinese medicine additive each component with Weight portion is calculated as: Flos Lonicerae 12 parts, Radix Codonopsis 2 parts, Radix Et Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi 6 parts, Cortex Albiziae 8 parts, Rhizoma Coptidis 12 parts, the Radix Astragali 10 parts, Fructus Aristolochiae 6 Part, Rhizoma Belamcandae 6 parts, Cortex Dictamni 6 parts, Galla Chinensis 12 parts, Melia azedarach L. 2 parts, Cortex Phellodendri 6 parts, Massa Medicata Fermentata 5 parts, 5 parts of Poria, bentonite 3 parts, wheat Bud 12 parts.
A kind of Carassius auratus scrod feed the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described compound vitamin includes vitamin The mixing of one or more in A, vitamin C, vitamin E and vitamin K.
The preparation method of a kind of Carassius auratus scrod feed the most according to claim 1, comprises the steps: first by gold silver Flower, Radix Codonopsis, Radix Et Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi, Cortex Albiziae, Rhizoma Coptidis, the Radix Astragali, Fructus Aristolochiae, Rhizoma Belamcandae, Cortex Dictamni, Galla Chinensis, Melia azedarach L., Cortex Phellodendri, Massa Medicata Fermentata, Fu After Siberian cocklebur, Fructus Hordei Germinatus boiling 3 times, decoction liquor is merged;And add distilled water filtering and concentrating, it is concentrated into relative density at 60 DEG C 1.05-1.07, stands 24 hour after adding ethanol after cooling room temperature, filtering and concentrating extremely relative density 1.05-1.07 at 60 DEG C, And add equivalent water and stir post-drying pulverizing, it is subsequently adding fish flour, yeast, Cottonseed cake, soybean cake, Semen Maydis, wheat bran, Semen arachidis hypogaeae Cake, compound vitamin, mineral salt and bentonite stir, and then pelletize at 90-100 DEG C.
CN201410628564.XA 2014-11-11 2014-11-11 A kind of Carassius auratus scrod feed Active CN104286599B (en)

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106465804A (en) * 2015-08-20 2017-03-01 明光市永言水产食品有限公司 A kind of Carassius auratuss seedling feed formula
CN105285492A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-02-03 安徽孔津湖农业开发有限公司 Making method of crucian carp larva fish feed
CN105594632A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-05-25 贺代生 Loach breeding method
CN106035175A (en) * 2016-07-13 2016-10-26 孙光英 Breeding method for increasing survival rate of crucian carps at juvenile stage
CN106260744A (en) * 2016-08-08 2017-01-04 广西吉品环保科技有限公司 A kind of fresh-water fishes ecologic breeding feedstuff

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103461718A (en) * 2013-09-27 2013-12-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Antiviral crucian feed and preparation method thereof
CN103478426A (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-01-01 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Crucian compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN103549211A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-02-05 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 Multifunctional Chinese herbal medicine feed for crucian and preparation method thereof
CN103947900A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-07-30 王和绥 Feed for breeding crucian carp

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103461718A (en) * 2013-09-27 2013-12-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Antiviral crucian feed and preparation method thereof
CN103478426A (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-01-01 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Crucian compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN103549211A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-02-05 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 Multifunctional Chinese herbal medicine feed for crucian and preparation method thereof
CN103947900A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-07-30 王和绥 Feed for breeding crucian carp

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