CN104216309A - Intelligent standby powering on and off device and method - Google Patents

Intelligent standby powering on and off device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104216309A
CN104216309A CN201310221632.6A CN201310221632A CN104216309A CN 104216309 A CN104216309 A CN 104216309A CN 201310221632 A CN201310221632 A CN 201310221632A CN 104216309 A CN104216309 A CN 104216309A
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China
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signal
power
microprocessor
circuit
temperature
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CN201310221632.6A
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CN104216309B (en
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蒋勇辉
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Schneider Electric SE
Schneider Electric Industries SAS
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Schneider Electric SE
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Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent standby powering on and off device and method in a low-voltage distribution line. The device comprises a remote sensing device (101) and a breaker accessory device (102), the remote sensing device (101) is used for detecting an environmental state of an electrical appliance and outputting multiple environmental state signals, and the breaker accessory device (102) is used for receiving the environmental state signals sent by the remote sensing device (101) and controls a breaker to perform powering on and off operation on a line that the electrical appliance is connected into according to whether or not the environmental state signals, electrical appliance information and time information satisfy powering on and off conditions during standby. When using an air conditioner, a user only needs to press down a button K2 to provide line and electrical appliance information to a processing unit, and only needs to press a button K1 to perform time adjustment if in need of appointment. Then the device can perform automatic identification and automatic operation and automatically detect the state of the electrical appliance in the line, and operates the line according to environment. Powering on and off of the breaker is controlled. Working information and information of total power-saving amount are transmitted to a display screen to inform the user of the information.

Description

A kind of devices and methods therefor with intelligent standby power on/off function
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of intelligent standby power on/off device, especially relate to the intelligent standby power on/off devices and methods therefor that can reduce waiting electric quantity loss in low-voltage distributing line.
Background technology
Now a lot of electrical appliance equipment has standby function.But long-time standby spent electric energy is very huge.Commercially there is the device of various manual power-off.But the not device of intelligent power-off according to user's presence states.Vacuum circuit breaker is widely used in family expenses circuit, and itself in the line can power on/off in operation circuit, but it cannot control circuit according to the specific environment of user.The disclosure has filled up this blank.
The average standby energy consumption of China's urban family has accounted for about 10% of total energy consumption according to statistics, is equivalent to " pilot burner " of within 24 hours, lighting one 30 watts.The average standby energy consumption of annual family is about 262.8 degree.Under holding state, when nobody is on the scene for a long time, possibility fire, has great harm.Therefore, electrical equipment as the used time does not want power-off long-time, thus prevents unnecessary waste and harm.
The device of this intelligent power-off is by judging electrical equipment whether holding state, and according to user, the whether on the scene and function such as temperature, time controls.Intelligent carries out the normal electricity consumption that power on/off does not affect user.Reach the effect of power saving unconsciously.
Summary of the invention
Additional aspects of the present invention and advantage part are set forth in the description below, also have part can find out significantly from description, or can obtain in the practice of the invention.
Disclosure problem to be solved is under the unmanned state used, electrical appliance long-time standby time, carry out intelligently connecting or disconnecting electricity, reach saves energy.For providing a kind of circuit breaker accessory with automatic identification, automatic operation, automatic detection function for standby intelligently connecting or disconnecting electricity aspect in present isolating switch.Make user silent, power saving unconsciously.
The invention discloses a kind of devices and methods therefor in low-voltage distributing line with intelligent standby power on/off function, comprise long-range induction installation and isolating switch auxiliary equipment.
The disclosure is a kind of intelligent standby power on/off device with automatic identification, automatic operation, automatic detection function.Comprise and fixing on the wall or the long-range induction installation be arranged on wall socket, described long-range induction installation carries out data transmission by wireless transmission method and isolating switch auxiliary equipment, the wireless signal that described isolating switch auxiliary equipment sends for receiving long-range induction installation, power on/off is carried out by controlling isolating switch after signal transacting, and can by information displaying such as the duties of the electricity of saving, expense and isolating switch auxiliary equipment on the display apparatus.
Object of the present disclosure is: the intelligent standby power on/off device and method providing a kind of circuit breaker accessory, namely when holding state, environmental aspect residing for electrical appliance, control isolating switch power on/off by this intelligent standby power on/off device, reduce the waiting electric quantity of electrical appliance in the standby state.Make user silent, power saving unconsciously.
Another object of the present disclosure is: under preventing holding state, nobody time may extremely incident fire and danger.Prevent unnecessary waste and harm.
Present disclose provides a kind of intelligent standby power on/off device, comprising: long-range induction installation (101), for detecting the ambient condition residing for electrical equipment, and exporting multiple ambient condition signal; Isolating switch auxiliary equipment (102), for receiving multiple ambient condition signals that long-range induction installation (101) sends, whether when meeting standby according to multiple ambient condition signal, appliance information and temporal information, power on/off condition controls isolating switch and carries out power on/off operation to the circuit that electrical equipment accesses.
The disclosure additionally provides a kind of intelligent standby power on/off method, comprising: long-range sensing step, for detecting the ambient condition residing for electrical equipment, and exports multiple ambient condition signal; Breaker operator step, for receiving multiple ambient condition signal, whether when meeting standby according to multiple ambient condition signal, appliance information and temporal information, power on/off condition controls isolating switch and carries out power on/off operation to the circuit that electrical equipment accesses.
Effect of the present disclosure is, electrical appliance etc. in the standby state time, this intelligent standby power on/off device without the need to user's manual operation control, and reach on the basis not affecting user's normal electricity consumption to produced electric energy loss save object.And the electricity that will save, expense, and the information displaying such as the duty of isolating switch auxiliary equipment is on the display apparatus.
Described holding state, under referring to the holding state of electrical appliance own, or the situation that after shutdown, plug is not pulled out.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Be described in detail the preferred embodiments of the present invention in conjunction with the drawings, above and other object of the present invention, characteristic and advantage will become apparent, and wherein identical label specifies mutually isostructural unit, and wherein:
Fig. 1 shows the structural representation of the intelligent standby power on/off device according to disclosure embodiment.
Fig. 2 shows the block scheme of the long-range induction installation according to disclosure embodiment.
Fig. 3 shows the physical circuit figure of the long-range induction installation according to disclosure embodiment.
Fig. 4 shows the control method process flow diagram of the long-range induction installation according to disclosure embodiment.
Fig. 5 shows the block scheme of the isolating switch auxiliary equipment according to disclosure embodiment.
Fig. 6 shows the physical circuit figure of the isolating switch auxiliary equipment according to disclosure embodiment.
Fig. 7 shows the control method process flow diagram of the isolating switch auxiliary equipment according to disclosure embodiment.
Embodiment
Below with reference to illustrating that the accompanying drawing of the embodiment of the present invention fully describes the present invention.But the present invention can realize in many different forms, and not will be understood that and be limited to embodiment described here.On the contrary, provide these embodiments to make the disclosure thorough and complete, and scope of the present invention will be given full expression to those skilled in the art.In the accompanying drawings, for the sake of clarity assembly is exaggerated.
Should be appreciated that when claim " element " " be connected to " or " coupling " to another element time, it can be directly connected or coupled to another element or can there is intermediary element.On the contrary, when claim element " be directly connected to " or " being directly coupled to " another element time, there is not intermediary element.Identical Reference numeral indicates identical element.Term "and/or" used herein comprises any and all combinations of one or more relevant project listed.
Although should be appreciated that and term first, second, third, etc. can be used here to describe each element, assembly and/or part, these elements, assembly and/or part do not limit by these terms.These terms are only for mutually making a distinction element, assembly or part.Therefore, the first element discussed below, assembly or part can be called the second element, assembly or part under the prerequisite not deviating from the present invention's teaching.
Fig. 1 shows the structural representation of the intelligent standby power on/off device according to disclosure embodiment.
Intelligent standby power on/off device according to disclosure embodiment comprises: long-range induction installation 101 and isolating switch auxiliary equipment 102.Can fix on the wall according to the needs of user according to long-range induction installation 101 of the present disclosure or be arranged on wall socket.Isolating switch auxiliary equipment and isolating switch are installed together.
Long-range induction installation 101 carries out data transmission by wireless transmission method and isolating switch auxiliary equipment 102.Whether long-range induction installation 101, for sensing the ambient condition residing for electrical appliance, such as, the sound size of the environment temperature around electrical equipment, people, has people etc., and generates multiple ambient condition signal.Multiple ambient condition signals that isolating switch auxiliary equipment 102 sends for receiving long-range induction installation 101, when whether meeting electrical equipment standby according to multiple ambient condition signal, appliance information and temporal information, power on/off condition controls isolating switch and carries out power on/off operation to the circuit that electrical equipment accesses, thus carrys out control apparatus without the need to user's manual operation.
Further, isolating switch auxiliary equipment 102 can also by save electricity, expense and isolating switch auxiliary equipment 102 the information displaying such as duty on the display apparatus so that user checks.
Intelligent standby power on/off device according to disclosure embodiment according to power on/off condition, can be switched on or switched off the power supply in the circuit of electrical appliance access, thus reaches conservation of power object automatically.
Fig. 2 shows the block scheme of the long-range induction installation 101 according to disclosure embodiment.
As shown in Figure 2, described long-range induction installation comprises: sound transducer 201, temperature sensor 202, infrared ray sensor 203, microprocessor 204 and wireless transmitter module 205.
Sound transducer 201, temperature sensor 202, infrared ray sensor 203 and wireless transmitter module 205 are connected with microprocessor 204 respectively.Sound transducer 201, temperature sensor 202, infrared ray sensor 203 are for responding to extraneous ambient condition, and send multiple induced signal to microprocessor 204 by I/O port, microprocessor 204 processes accordingly multiple induced signal and generates multiple ambient condition signal, by wireless transmitter module 205, multiple ambient condition signal is sent to the attached control device 102 of isolating switch.
Infrared ray sensor 203, for responding to the activity residing electrical appliance surrounding people, provides infrared signal to process to microprocessor 204 in long-range induction installation.Sound transducer 201 responds to the sound size residing electrical appliance people around, provides voice signal to process to microprocessor 204.The environment temperature residing electrical appliance people around responded to by temperature sensor 202, provides temperature signal to process to microprocessor 204.After microprocessor 204 processes to the received signal, control wireless transmitter module 205 and launch multiple ambient condition signal to isolating switch auxiliary equipment.
For the infrared signal from infrared ray sensor 203, whether microprocessor 204 is according to having people to export the first signal and secondary signal respectively.For the temperature signal from temperature sensor 202, microprocessor 204 judge temperature be whether human body comfort temperature (such as, can arrange human comfort's temperature is 17 DEG C to 24 DEG C or 18 DEG C to 22 DEG C etc.), and whether in human comfort's temperature, export the third and fourth signal respectively according to temperature.For the voice signal from sound transducer 201, microprocessor 204 is boundary with first threshold (such as, first threshold is set to 40 decibels), when voice signal exceeds first threshold, export the 6th signal, if voice signal does not exceed in first threshold, then export the 5th signal.
First signal representative has people's state, secondary signal represents unmanned state, 3rd signal representation temperature is in human comfort's temperature, 4th signal representation temperature is outside human comfort's temperature, 5th signal representative voice does not exceed first threshold, for noiseless, the 6th signal representative voice beyond first threshold, for sound.
Although illustrate only the device of 3 kinds of sensitive context in Fig. 2, it should be appreciated by those skilled in the art that according to actual conditions, other sensing apparatus can also be increased.
Microprocessor 204 controls wireless transmit mould 205 and transmits, and also can launch multi-signal separately, including, but not limited to above 6 kinds of ambient condition signal messages simultaneously.After wireless transmitter module 205 transmits, microprocessor 204 turns back to program initialization, enters duty again.
Fig. 3 shows the physical circuit figure of the long-range induction installation 101 according to disclosure embodiment.
As shown in Figure 3, such as MSP430F135 one-chip computer module can be adopted according to the microprocessor 304 of disclosure embodiment.Wireless transmitter module 305 such as can adopt CC1000 module.Temperature sensor 202 such as can adopt DS18B20 module.Infrared ray sensor 303 such as can adopt RE200B module.Sound transducer 301 comprises operational amplifier IC1, triode V1 and microphone MIC, first and second input ends of operational amplifier IC1 connect the two ends of microphone MIC respectively, first output terminal of operational amplifier IC1 is connected to the base stage of triode V1, the emitter of triode V1 is connected to the 3rd input end of operational amplifier IC1, the collector of triode V1 is connected to the four-input terminal of operational amplifier IC1, and the voice signal of detection is sent to microprocessor 304 by second output terminal of operational amplifier IC1.Sound transducer 301 can also comprise multiple resistor R1-R8 and capacitor C1 and C2.Wherein, triode V1 such as can adopt 2N4125 or BC457, and IC1 can adopt TLC274.
Although illustrated the physical circuit of all parts of long-range induction installation in Fig. 3, but those skilled in the art should understand that, sound transducer 201, temperature sensor 202, infrared ray sensor 203, microprocessor 204 and wireless transmitter module 205 are not limited to the physical circuit described in Fig. 3, also can adopt other circuit with identical function.
Fig. 4 shows the control method process flow diagram of the long-range induction installation 101 according to disclosure embodiment.
As shown in Figure 4, in step 401, microprocessor 204 carries out program initialization after powered up.
In step 402, carry out input by multiple inductor (comprising sound transducer 201, temperature sensor 202, infrared ray sensor 203), the multiple detection signals received from multiple inductor are transferred to microprocessor 204.
In step 403, microprocessor 204 processes to change into multiple ambient condition signal to multiple detection signal, and multiple ambient condition signal is exported to transmitter module 205.
In step 404, the signal that transmitter module 205 exports according to microprocessor 204 carries out signal transmitting, and turns back to step 401.
As shown in Figure 4, step 403 comprises further: step 4031, and microprocessor 204 judges whether have people around electrical equipment according to the infrared detection signal from infrared ray sensor 203.If someone, then microprocessor 204 exports the first signal to wireless transmitter module 205; If nobody, then microprocessor 104 exports secondary signal to wireless transmitter module 205.
Step 4032, microprocessor 204 judges temperature around electrical equipment whether within comfort temperature according to the temperature detection signal from temperature sensor 202.If so, then microprocessor 204 exports the 3rd signal to wireless transmitter module 205; Otherwise microprocessor 204 exports the 4th signal to wireless transmitter module 205.
Step 4033, according to the sound detection signals from sound transducer 201, microprocessor 204 judges whether the sound detection signals around electrical equipment is greater than first threshold.If so, then microprocessor 204 exports the 6th signal to wireless transmitter module 205; Otherwise microprocessor 204 exports the 5th signal to wireless transmitter module 205.
Fig. 5 shows the block scheme of the isolating switch auxiliary equipment 102 according to disclosure embodiment.
As shown in Figure 5, described isolating switch auxiliary equipment comprises: liquid crystal display 501, current detection module 502, wireless receiving module 503, microprocessor 504, timer 505, reset disconnecting device 506 and the first button K1 and the second button K2.
Liquid crystal display 501, current detection module 502, wireless receiving module 503, microprocessor 504, timer 505 and the first button K1 are connected with microprocessor 504 respectively with the second button K2.
Described current detection module 502 can detect the size of the electric current in the circuit that electrical appliance accesses, generate the electrical appliance state signal corresponding with the change of electric current in circuit, and send it to microprocessor 504 by I/O port, whether microprocessor 504 exceedes pre-set value according to electrical appliance state signal can judge whether be in working current in circuit.When electrical appliance state signal exceedes pre-set value, judge it is be in working current in circuit.When electrical appliance state signal does not exceed pre-set value, when being also namely less than or equal to pre-set value, judge not to be in working current in circuit, now microprocessor 504 controls wireless receiving module 503 from wireless transmitter module 205 Received signal strength.
Described current detection module 502 detects the size of current in a circuit.According to the needs of user, an electrical appliance can be accessed in this circuit, or also can access multiple electrical appliance.According to the size of different electrical appliances setting pre-set value.
Wireless receiving module 503 receives the self-multiple ambient condition signals thinking transmitter module 205, and sends by I/O port the signal received to microprocessor 504, and microprocessor 504 carries out respective handling according to Received signal strength.
Temporal information for determining the current residing time, and is sent to microprocessor 504 by timer 505.Although it should be appreciated by those skilled in the art that in Fig. 5 and the independent timer 505 being placed on microprocessor 504 has been shown, described counter 505 also can be built in microprocessor 504.
Corresponding information is also presented in screen by liquid crystal display 501 by microprocessor 504.Described liquid crystal indicator 501 can show the information such as the duty of saved electricity, expense and isolating switch auxiliary equipment.Although illustrated liquid crystal display 501 in Fig. 5, those skilled in the art should understand that the actual demand according to user, also can not provide liquid crystal display 501.
Described reset disconnecting device 506 contains motor and tripping mechanism, for carrying out reset or the trip operation of the isolating switch in circuit.Action is carried out in the reset that described reset disconnecting device 506 sends according to microprocessor 504 or dropout instruction.Microprocessor 504 can disconnect by controlling reset disconnecting device 506 or connect the power supply in circuit.
The described button that described microprocessor 504 connects is such as reserve button K1 and control knob K2 respectively.User, by the pressing of button K2, provides appliance information in circuit to microprocessor 504.Such as, if accessed air-conditioning in circuit, then user has pressed the button K2, now, the appliance information about accessing air-conditioning in circuit is supplied to microprocessor 504.If accessed other electrical equipment except air-conditioning in circuit, then user has not pressed the button K2, now, does not provide appliance information to microprocessor 504.
Only need press button K1 as preengage and carry out Timing subscription time is supplied to microprocessor 504.When having accessed the electrical equipment with reservation function in circuit, user can set the time of reservation can connect the power supply of circuit in the time of reservation by pressing button K1.Such as, if accessed water heater in circuit, when user wishes to connect water heater after subscription time 2 hours, user has been preengage by K1, makes after 2 hours, performs closing operation.If without the need to reservation, then do not press button K1, do not provide subscription time to microprocessor 504 yet.
According to current detection module 502, microprocessor 504 detects that in circuit, the state of electrical appliance controls the reception that wireless receiving module 503 carries out wireless signal; Control isolating switch according to the ambient condition signal of appliance information, reception and temporal information by reset disconnecting device 506, carry out break-make circuit and save electric energy.
Such as, when can arrange standby, power on/off condition be as follows:
Air-conditioning: power-off at nobody time; Be energized when temperature is outside comfort temperature; Disconnect when time durations except the late into the night has people's temperature within comfort temperature; Disconnect when when having the late into the night people noiseless, temperature is within temperature pleasant; Be energized when when having the late into the night people sound, temperature is within comfort temperature.
Other electrical equipment: nobody time power-off; Time of having a rest in the late into the night (such as can arrange the late into the night be between 12 points ~ 6:00 AM in evening during or between evening 11 to 6:00 AM during, etc.), have people noiseless time power-off; Time of having a rest in the late into the night, energising when having people sound; Time durations except the late into the night has during people and is energized.
Microprocessor 504 carries out respective handling according to the multiple ambient condition signals received, appliance information and temporal information, when meet above-mentioned standby time power on condition time send reset instruction to reset disconnecting device 506, and when meet above-mentioned standby time outage condition time send dropout instruction to reset disconnecting device 506.
User can not be affected like this when normally using, make user silent, reach power saving unconsciously.
Although the disclosure give above-mentioned standby time power on/off condition, it should be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the actual needs according to user, user can arrange other standby time power on/off condition.
Can automatically identify according to device of the present disclosure, automatic operation, electrical appliance state in automatic inspection line road, environmentally carry out the operation to circuit, current ambient condition is learnt to microprocessor by each inductive means transmission of signal, electrical appliance duty, determines the current residing time by time timer.Control the power on/off of isolating switch.And job information and power saving total number information are passed to display screen inform user.
Fig. 6 shows the physical circuit figure of the isolating switch auxiliary equipment 102 according to disclosure embodiment.
Microprocessor 504 such as can adopt MSP430F435 one-chip computer module, and wireless receiving module 403 such as can adopt CC1000 module.Current measurement module 602 comprises mutual inductor L, rectifier bridge VD1, stabilivolt VD2 and C1 and optocoupler VD4.The current signal I2 of induction for responding to the electric current in the circuit of access electrical appliance, and is outputted to rectifier bridge VD1 by mutual inductor L.Rectifier bridge VD1 is used for converting ac current signal to DC current signal, and pass through the DC current signal of stabilivolt VD2 and C1 stable output, galvanic current stream signal converts to and the electrical appliance electricity consumption status signal in circuit through optocoupler VD4, and outputs to microprocessor 604.
Fig. 7 shows the control method process flow diagram of the isolating switch auxiliary equipment 102 according to disclosure embodiment.
According to the control method of the isolating switch auxiliary equipment 102 of disclosure embodiment after isolating switch auxiliary equipment 102 is energized, current detection module 502 carries out the detection of electric current in circuit and judges that whether electrical equipment is in running order, if electrical equipment is not in running order, then receive multiple ambient condition signal from long-range induction installation 101, and by multiple ambient condition Signal transmissions to microprocessor 504.Microprocessor 504 judges the control of laggard row line according to received signal and residing time.When judging to meet standby during power on condition, controlling to close a floodgate and detecting the control again carrying out circuit after electrical equipment is in holding state time delay 20s according to the signal received and time.Time is exported by timer and is supplied to microprocessor.
As shown in Figure 7, the control method of described isolating switch auxiliary equipment 102 comprises following steps:
After energising, in step 701, detect the state of electrical equipment, that is, carried out the detection of electric current in circuit by current detection module 502, generate the electrical appliance state signal corresponding with the change of electric current in circuit and judge that whether electrical equipment is in running order.
If electrical appliance state signal is greater than pre-set value, then illustrates that electrical appliance is in running order, enters step 702, keep closing a floodgate.
If electrical appliance state signal is less than or equal to pre-set value, then do not have in running order, be namely in holding state or off-position, enter step 703, carry out the deterministic process of standby power on/off.
In step 703, receive various ambient condition signal by wireless receiving module 603 from long-range induction installation 101.
Then in step 704, carry out button judgement, namely determine whether to receive subscription time and appliance information.
If judge not receive any button press signal, namely subscription time and appliance information is not received, then illustrate that the electrical equipment being in holding state is other electrical equipment except air-conditioning and user does not have the booking work time, now enter step 710, namely signal transacting is carried out to from the ambient condition signal of long-range induction installation and temporal information, and power on/off condition when judging whether result meets other electrical equipment standby.When judging to meet standby power on condition in step 710, control close a floodgate and return step 701 after time delay 20s.When judging to meet power off in standby state of electric condition in step 710, controlling deenergization and returning step 701.
If judge to receive button press signal, then determine it is which kind of button signal according to button press signal.
If judge to receive the appliance information that the electrical equipment being in holding state is air-conditioning, then enter step 709, illustrate that the second button K2 is pressed.Then enter step 711, namely carry out signal transacting to from the ambient condition signal of long-range induction installation and information, and power on/off condition when judging whether result meets air-conditioning standby.When judging to meet standby power on condition in step 711, control close a floodgate and return step 701 after time delay 20s.When judging to meet power off in standby state of electric condition in step 711, controlling deenergization and returning step 701.
If judge to receive subscription time, then enter step 705, illustrate that reserve button K1 is pressed, user preengages.Then, step 706 is entered.
In step 706, microprocessor judges temporal information, whether in subscription time, if in subscription time, then enters step 707, controls deenergization, and returns step 701.If not in subscription time, then enter step 708, control to close a floodgate, namely performed the closing operation of the power supply connected in circuit by reset disconnecting device 606, and return step 701.
Step 711 comprises step 7111-7117 further.
In step 7111, microprocessor 604 carries out signal transacting, if wireless receiving module 603 receives secondary signal from long-range induction installation 101, then nobody is described, now, proceeds to step 7112.If what wireless receiving module 603 received is the first signal, then illustrates there is people, and proceed to step 7113.
In step 7112, control the power supply disconnected in the circuit of electrical appliance access.And returning step 701, the signal again received according to wireless receiving module 603 processes.
In step 7113, judge whether it is the late into the night, the time period in the late into the night can be set as required, such as, can be at 12 in evening to 6:00 AM, or at 11 in evening is to 6:00 AM etc.When judging not to be the late into the night, proceed to step 7114.If judge it is the late into the night, then proceed to step 7115.
In step 7115, the sound detection result that wireless receiving module 603 receives determined by microprocessor 604.If what wireless receiving module 603 received is the 6th signal, then illustrate there is sound.Then step 7116 is entered.If what wireless receiving module 603 received is the 5th signal, then illustrate there is no sound.Then step 7114 is entered.
In step 7114, the temperature detection result that wireless receiving module 603 receives determined by microprocessor 604.If the 3rd signal, namely temperature is within comfort temperature, then proceed to step 7112.If the 4th signal, namely temperature is in outside comfort temperature, then proceed to step 7116.
In step 7116, control to close a floodgate to connect the power supply in the circuit of electrical appliance access.So that user can open electrical equipment as required at any time.
After control is closed a floodgate, enter step 7117, if after detecting that electrical equipment is in holding state time delay 20s, then again carry out the control of a new round for circuit according to the ambient condition signal received and temporal information.That is, after time delay 20s, step 701 is turned back to.
Step 710 comprises step 7101-7106 further.
In step 7101, microprocessor 604 carries out signal transacting, if wireless receiving module 603 receives secondary signal from long-range induction installation 101, then nobody is described.Now, step 7103 is entered.If what wireless receiving module 603 received is the first signal, then enter step 7102.
In step 7103, control the power supply disconnected in the circuit of electrical appliance access.And returning step 701, the signal again received according to wireless receiving module 603 processes.
In step 7102, judge whether the late into the night.If then enter step 7104 late into the night.Otherwise enter step 7105.
In step 7104, the sound detection result that wireless receiving module 603 receives determined by microprocessor 604.If what wireless receiving module 603 received is the 6th signal, then illustrate there is sound.Then step 7105 is entered.If what wireless receiving module 603 received is the 5th signal, then illustrate there is no sound.Then step 7103 is entered.
In step 7105, control to close a floodgate to connect the power supply in the circuit of electrical appliance access.So that user can open electrical equipment as required at any time.
After control is closed a floodgate, enter step 7106, if after detecting that electrical equipment is in holding state time delay 20s, then again carry out the control of a new round for circuit according to the ambient condition signal received and temporal information.That is, after time delay 20s, step 701 is turned back to.
Although illustrated the above-mentioned concrete steps of step 710 and 711 in Fig. 7, it should be appreciated by those skilled in the art that according to different demands and actual conditions, can sub-step in modify steps 710 and 711.Also namely, the condition of standby power on/off is changed.Such as, regardless of daytime or night, as long as temperature just controls to disconnect in comfort temperature; Or have daytime people's temperature within comfort temperature sound be energising and noiseless time disconnect.Step 710 in Fig. 7 and 711 power on/off condition be schematic, and be not used in restriction the scope of the present disclosure.
The described electrical equipment that the application can be applicable to comprises: TV, washing machine, water heater, sound equipment, air-conditioning, smoke exhaust ventilator, computer monitor, micro-wave oven, Set Top Box, DVD, electronic type electromagnetic oven, disinfection cabinet, remote control electric fan etc.Described button is light touch type button or mechanical botton.It is air-conditioning or other electrical equipment that described control knob is used for distinguishing electrical equipment.
Although the present invention describes with reference to its specific preferred embodiment, it should be appreciated by those skilled in the art, when not departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention be defined by the following claims, the various amendments of form and details can be carried out to it.And the amendment intention of the disclosed embodiments and other embodiments is comprised within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (21)

1. an intelligent standby power on/off device, comprising:
Long-range induction installation (101), for detecting the ambient condition residing for electrical equipment, and exports multiple ambient condition signal;
Isolating switch auxiliary equipment (102), for receiving multiple ambient condition signals that long-range induction installation (101) sends, whether when meeting standby according to multiple ambient condition signal, appliance information and temporal information, power on/off condition controls isolating switch and carries out power on/off operation to the circuit that electrical equipment accesses.
2. intelligent standby power on/off device as claimed in claim 1, wherein, long-range induction installation (101) comprising:
Sound transducer (201), for detecting the sound size of electrical equipment people around, and provides voice signal to first microprocessor (204);
Temperature sensor (202), for detecting the environment temperature around electrical equipment, and provides temperature signal to first microprocessor (204);
Infrared ray sensor (203), for the activity of induction apparatus surrounding people, and provides infrared signal to first microprocessor (204);
First microprocessor (204), according to infrared signal, temperature signal and voice signal, judges the ambient condition around electrical equipment, and exports multiple ambient condition signal; And
Wireless transmitter module (205), for being wirelessly transmitted into isolating switch auxiliary equipment (102) by the multiple ambient condition signals from first microprocessor (204).
3. intelligent standby power on/off device as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein, isolating switch auxiliary equipment (102) comprising:
Current detection module (502), for detecting the electric current in circuit that electrical equipment accesses, generating and exporting the electrical appliance state signal corresponding with the change of electric current in circuit to the second microprocessor (504);
Wireless receiving module (503), for receiving the multiple ambient condition signals from long-range induction installation (101), and is sent to the second microprocessor (504) by described multiple ambient condition signal;
Timer (505), is connected with the second microprocessor (504), for determining the time, and temporal information is supplied to the second microprocessor (504);
Reset disconnecting device (506), for the reset that sends according to the second microprocessor (504) or dropout instruction, resets or trip operation to the isolating switch in described circuit;
First button (K1); Be connected with the second microprocessor (504), for when the working time of electrical equipment in user's reserve line, subscription time sent to the second microprocessor (504);
Second button (K2); Being connected with the second microprocessor (504), for when having accessed air-conditioning in circuit, appliance information being supplied to microprocessor (504); And
Second microprocessor (504), for whether exceeding pre-set value according to electrical appliance state signal, controls the reception that wireless receiving module (503) carries out multiple ambient condition signal; The multiple ambient condition signals received, appliance information and temporal information are processed, send reset instruction to reset disconnecting device (506) when result meets standby during power on condition, and send dropout instruction to reset disconnecting device (506) when result meets standby during outage condition.
4. intelligent standby power on/off device as claimed in claim 3, wherein, when electrical appliance state signal is less than or equal to pre-set value, the second microprocessor (504) controls wireless receiving module (503) and receives multiple ambient condition signal; When electrical appliance state signal is greater than pre-set value, the second microprocessor (504) does not send instruction to keep the state of isolating switch to reset disconnecting device (506).
5. intelligent standby power on/off device as claimed in claim 4, wherein, when the electrical equipment in line attachment is air-conditioning, press the second button (K2), the appliance information about accessing air-conditioning in circuit is supplied to microprocessor (504).
6. intelligent standby power on/off device as claimed in claim 5, wherein, multiple ambient condition signal comprises the first to the 6th signal;
When first microprocessor (204) defines people according to infrared signal, export the first signal; And when first microprocessor (204) determines no one according to infrared signal, export secondary signal;
When first microprocessor (204) according to temperature signal judge temperature be within comfort temperature time, export the 3rd signal; When according to temperature signal, first microprocessor (204) judges that temperature is outside comfort temperature, export the 4th signal;
When first microprocessor (204) judges that voice signal is greater than first threshold, illustrate sound, and export the 6th signal, when first microprocessor (204) judges that voice signal is less than or equal to first threshold, illustrate noiseless, and export the 5th signal.
7. intelligent standby power on/off device as claimed in claim 6, wherein, second microprocessor (504) according to following standby time power on/off condition, control reset disconnecting device (506) operating breaker to connect or disconnect the power supply in described circuit:
For air-conditioning, power-off at nobody time; Power-off when time durations except the late into the night has people's temperature within comfort temperature; Power-off when temperature is within temperature pleasant when having the late into the night people noiseless; Be energized when temperature is outside comfort temperature; Be energized when when having the late into the night people sound, temperature is within comfort temperature;
For other electrical equipment except air-conditioning, nobody time power-off; The late into the night, power-off when having people noiseless; The late into the night, energising when having people sound; Time durations except the late into the night has during people and is energized.
8. intelligent standby power on/off device as claimed in claim 7, wherein, isolating switch auxiliary equipment (102) also comprises: liquid crystal display (501), according to the information from microcontroller, show the information of the duty of electricity, expense and the isolating switch auxiliary equipment (102) saved.
9. intelligent standby power on/off device as claimed in claim 8, wherein, described counter (505) can be placed on or be built in the second microprocessor (504).
10. intelligent standby power on/off device as claimed in claim 9, wherein, can access an electrical equipment or multiple electrical equipment in described circuit.
11. intelligent standby power on/off devices as claimed in claim 10, wherein, wireless transmit mould (205) is launched multi-signal simultaneously or is launched a kind of signal separately.
12. intelligent standby power on/off devices as claimed in claim 11, wherein, long-range induction installation (101) is fixed on the wall or is arranged on wall socket, and isolating switch auxiliary equipment (102) and isolating switch are installed together.
13. 1 kinds of intelligent standby power on/off methods, comprising:
Long-range sensing step, for detecting the ambient condition residing for electrical equipment, and exports multiple ambient condition signal;
Breaker operator step, for receiving multiple ambient condition signal, whether when meeting standby according to multiple ambient condition signal, appliance information and temporal information, power on/off condition controls isolating switch and carries out power on/off operation to the circuit that electrical equipment accesses.
14. intelligent standby power on/off methods as claimed in claim 13, wherein, long-range sensing step comprises:
A) carried out the input of electrical equipment surrounding environment by multiple inductor, and generate multiple detection signal;
B) multiple detection signal is processed, and export multiple ambient condition signal;
C) launch multiple ambient condition signal, and turn back to step a).
15. intelligent standby power on/off methods as described in claim 13 or 14, wherein, breaker operator step comprises:
M) detect the electric current in the circuit that accesses of electrical equipment, generate and export the electrical appliance state signal corresponding with the change of electric current in circuit;
N) judge whether electrical equipment is duty according to electrical appliance state signal, when electrical appliance state signal is greater than pre-set value, electrical equipment is duty, keeps closing a floodgate and returning step m);
O) when electrical appliance state signal is not more than pre-set value, multiple ambient condition signal is received;
P) judge whether to there is subscription time and appliance information, if there is no subscription time and appliance information, then signal transacting is carried out to multiple ambient condition signal and temporal information, and the power supply controlled during power on condition when result meets other electrical equipment except air-conditioning standby in closing of power circuit breaker circuit, and step m is returned after time delay 20s), and the power supply controlled during outage condition when result meets other electrical equipment except air-conditioning standby in isolating switch open-circuit line, and return step m);
If q) there is subscription time, then judge temporal information whether within subscription time, if within subscription time, then control the power supply in isolating switch open-circuit line, and return step m); If not within subscription time, then control the power supply in closing of power circuit breaker circuit, and return step m);
If r) there is appliance information, then signal transacting is carried out to multiple ambient condition signal and temporal information, and the power supply controlled during power on condition when result meets air-conditioning standby in closing of power circuit breaker circuit, and step m is returned after time delay 20s), and the power supply controlled during outage condition when result meets air-conditioning standby in isolating switch open-circuit line, and return step m).
16. intelligent standby power on/off methods as claimed in claim 15, wherein, when the electrical equipment in line attachment is air-conditioning, press the second button (K2), to export the appliance information about accessing air-conditioning in circuit.
17. intelligent standby power on/off methods as claimed in claim 16, wherein, step a) comprises further:
Detect the sound size of electrical equipment people around, and generate sound detection signals;
Detect the environment temperature around electrical equipment, and generate temperature detection signal;
The activity of induction apparatus surrounding people, and generate infrared detection signal.
18. intelligent standby power on/off methods as claimed in claim 17, wherein, multiple ambient condition signal comprises the first to the 6th signal; And step b) comprise further:
Determine whether people according to infrared detection signal, if there is people, then exported the first signal, if no one, then export secondary signal;
Judge whether to be within comfort temperature according to temperature detection signal, if temperature is within comfort temperature, then export the 3rd signal, if temperature is outside comfort temperature, then export the 4th signal;
Judge it is sound or noiseless according to sound detection signals, if sound detection signals is greater than first threshold, is then judged as sound and exports the 6th signal, if sound detection signals is less than or equal to first threshold, is then judged as noiseless and exports the 5th signal.
19. intelligent standby power on/off methods as claimed in claim 18, wherein, step p) comprise further:
When receiving secondary signal, controlling the power supply in isolating switch open-circuit line, and returning step m);
When receiving the first signal, judge whether the late into the night, if then judge whether sound the late into the night; If noiseless, namely receive the 5th signal, then control the power supply in isolating switch open-circuit line, and return step m);
If judge not to be the late into the night or the late into the night but to receive the 6th signal, then control the power supply in closing of power circuit breaker circuit, and return step m after time delay 20s).
20. intelligent standby power on/off methods as claimed in claim 19, wherein, step r) comprise further:
When receiving secondary signal, controlling the power supply in isolating switch open-circuit line, and returning step m);
When receiving the first signal, judge whether the late into the night, if then judge whether sound the late into the night; If sound, namely receive the 6th signal, then control the power supply in closing of power circuit breaker circuit, and return step m after time delay 20s);
If judge it is not that the late into the night or judgement are the late into the night but receive the 5th signal, then judge whether temperature is within comfort temperature, if be within comfort temperature, namely receive the 3rd signal, then control the power supply in isolating switch open-circuit line, and return step m);
If be in outside comfort temperature, namely receive the 4th signal, then control the power supply in closing of power circuit breaker circuit, and return step m after time delay 20s).
21. intelligent standby power on/off methods as claimed in claim 20, can access an electrical equipment or multiple electrical equipment in described circuit.
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