CN104212023A - Waste plastic aerated hollow brick and making method thereof - Google Patents

Waste plastic aerated hollow brick and making method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104212023A
CN104212023A CN201410402342.6A CN201410402342A CN104212023A CN 104212023 A CN104212023 A CN 104212023A CN 201410402342 A CN201410402342 A CN 201410402342A CN 104212023 A CN104212023 A CN 104212023A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
waste
parts
hollow brick
plastics
steam pressure
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410402342.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨喆宇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WUHE DINGSHUN NEW BUILDING MATERIAL Co Ltd
Original Assignee
WUHE DINGSHUN NEW BUILDING MATERIAL Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by WUHE DINGSHUN NEW BUILDING MATERIAL Co Ltd filed Critical WUHE DINGSHUN NEW BUILDING MATERIAL Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410402342.6A priority Critical patent/CN104212023A/en
Publication of CN104212023A publication Critical patent/CN104212023A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G or C08H
    • C08J9/00Working-up of macromolecular substances to porous or cellular articles or materials; After-treatment thereof
    • C08J9/04Working-up of macromolecular substances to porous or cellular articles or materials; After-treatment thereof using blowing gases generated by a previously added blowing agent
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/04Homopolymers or copolymers of ethene
    • C08L23/06Polyethene
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/10Homopolymers or copolymers of propene
    • C08L23/12Polypropene
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/02Flame or fire retardant/resistant
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2203/00Applications
    • C08L2203/14Applications used for foams
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2205/00Polymer mixtures characterised by other features
    • C08L2205/02Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing two or more polymers of the same C08L -group
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2207/00Properties characterising the ingredient of the composition
    • C08L2207/20Recycled plastic

Abstract

The invention discloses a waste plastic aerated hollow brick. The brick is made by using the following raw materials, by weight, 20-30 parts of waste polyethylene foam plastics, 20-30 parts of polypropylene foam plastics, 40-50 parts of wollastonite powder, 8-10 parts of a composite foaming agent, 10-12 parts of cement, 15-20 parts of sand, 0.2-0.4 parts of sodium sulfate, and 15-20 parts of water. The method effectively utilizes the waste plastics, reduces white pollutants and improves the waste utilization rate, the aerated hollow brick made through adding the composite foaming agent has the characteristics of light weight, low price, and good heat insulation and flame retardation effects, and all the indexes of the brick are higher than national standards.

Description

A kind of waste or used plastics aerating hollow brick and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building material field, specifically belong to a kind of waste or used plastics aerating hollow brick and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Traditional hollow brick is with clay, shale etc. for main raw material, makes, light weight, intensity is high, insulation, sound insulation and noise reduction performance be good through Feedstock treating, shaping, sintering.
Along with the development of construction industry, day by day increase the demand of hollow brick, manufacture the waste of conventional hollow brick and will waste the resources such as a large amount of clays, cost is high, contaminate environment when firing.The new raw material of research hollow brick, novel process become the developing direction of hollow brick manufacturer.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of waste or used plastics aerating hollow brick and preparation method thereof, aerating hollow brick of the present invention is low from heavy and light, price, insulation, flame resistance effect are good, indices is all higher than national standard, waste or used plastics is utilized to decrease the waste of resource as raw material, reduce the pollution of environment, achieve and turn waste into wealth.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of waste or used plastics aerating hollow brick, it is characterized in that, it is made up of the component raw material of following weight part: waste polyethylene porous plastics 20-30, polypropylene foam 20-30, wollastonite powder 40-50, composite foamable agent 8-10, cement 10-12, sand 15-20, sodium sulfate 0.2-0.4, water 15-20
Described composite foamable agent is mixed by the component raw material of following weight part: perlite 20-30, KMnO4 4-5, SPC-D 20-30, sodium polyacrylate 1-2, trisodium phosphate 4-6, trichlorine propyl phosphate 1-2, zinc oxide 2-3, triethyl phosphate 4-5, nanometer silver 0.1-0.2 form, batching is carried out stir, abrasive dust, mix.
The preparation method of described waste or used plastics aerating hollow brick, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) polyethylene foams is crushed to particle diameter and is less than 0.5cm, then with rest materials mixing in formula, stir, make slurry;
(2) slurry to be encased in mould after 50-60 DEG C of standing 20-24 hour, steam pressure 3-4h under the steam of 175-185 DEG C, then constant temperature steam pressure 4-5 hour at 185 DEG C of temperature, cool to less than 120 DEG C steam pressure 1-2h more again, stop steam pressure, then depanning, natural curing 15-20 days under normal temperature, can enter stockyard.
The present invention compared with prior art tool has the following advantages:
Aerating hollow brick of the present invention is low from heavy and light, price, insulation, flame resistance effect are good, indices all higher than national standard, utilize waste or used plastics to decrease the waste of resource as raw material, reduce the pollution of environment, achieve and turn waste into wealth.Insulating brick thermal conductivity of the present invention is less than 0.07 W/m.K, is better than the national standard of 0.09 W/m.K, and density is less than 230 kg/m3, and ultimate compression strength is greater than 0.35 MPa, and weathering resistance is strong, decreases the pollution of environment.
Embodiment
A kind of waste or used plastics aerating hollow brick, it is made up of the component raw material of following weight (kg): waste polyethylene porous plastics 25, polypropylene foam 25, wollastonite powder 45, composite foamable agent 9, cement 11, sand 17, sodium sulfate 0.3, water 18,
Wherein, composite foamable agent is mixed by the component raw material of following weight (kg): perlite 25, KMnO4 5, SPC-D 24, sodium polyacrylate 1, trisodium phosphate 5, trichlorine propyl phosphate 1, zinc oxide 2, triethyl phosphate 4, nanometer silver 0.2 form, batching is carried out stir, abrasive dust, mix.
The preparation method of waste or used plastics aerating hollow brick, comprises the following steps:
(1) polyethylene foams is crushed to particle diameter and is less than 0.5cm, then with rest materials mixing in formula, stir, make slurry;
(2) slurry to be encased in mould after 50-60 DEG C of standing 20-24 hour, steam pressure 3-4h under the steam of 175-185 DEG C, then constant temperature steam pressure 4-5 hour at 185 DEG C of temperature, cool to less than 120 DEG C steam pressure 1-2h more again, stop steam pressure, then depanning, natural curing 15-20 days under normal temperature, can enter stockyard.
After testing, the unit weight of the hollow brick that obtains of the present embodiment, thermal conductivity, bearing capacity are respectively: 985kg/m3,0.202w/ (m.K), 2.46Mpa.

Claims (2)

1. a waste or used plastics aerating hollow brick, it is characterized in that, it is made up of the component raw material of following weight part: waste polyethylene porous plastics 20-30, polypropylene foam 20-30, wollastonite powder 40-50, composite foamable agent 8-10, cement 10-12, sand 15-20, sodium sulfate 0.2-0.4, water 15-20
Described composite foamable agent is mixed by the component raw material of following weight part: perlite 20-30, KMnO4 4-5, SPC-D 20-30, sodium polyacrylate 1-2, trisodium phosphate 4-6, trichlorine propyl phosphate 1-2, zinc oxide 2-3, triethyl phosphate 4-5, nanometer silver 0.1-0.2 form, batching is carried out stir, abrasive dust, mix.
2. the preparation method of waste or used plastics aerating hollow brick as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) polyethylene foams is crushed to particle diameter and is less than 0.5cm, then with rest materials mixing in formula, stir, make slurry;
(2) slurry to be encased in mould after 50-60 DEG C of standing 20-24 hour, steam pressure 3-4h under the steam of 175-185 DEG C, then constant temperature steam pressure 4-5 hour at 185 DEG C of temperature, cool to less than 120 DEG C steam pressure 1-2h more again, stop steam pressure, then depanning, natural curing 15-20 days under normal temperature, can enter stockyard.
CN201410402342.6A 2014-08-15 2014-08-15 Waste plastic aerated hollow brick and making method thereof Pending CN104212023A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410402342.6A CN104212023A (en) 2014-08-15 2014-08-15 Waste plastic aerated hollow brick and making method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410402342.6A CN104212023A (en) 2014-08-15 2014-08-15 Waste plastic aerated hollow brick and making method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104212023A true CN104212023A (en) 2014-12-17

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410402342.6A Pending CN104212023A (en) 2014-08-15 2014-08-15 Waste plastic aerated hollow brick and making method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104212023A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105860308A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-08-17 苏州能华节能环保科技有限公司 Recycled-plastic porous environment-friendly heat insulating material
CN106746979A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-05-31 大连环球矿产股份有限公司 A kind of method that utilization wollastonite tailing produces environmentally friendly lightweight non-fired brick
CN107366041A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-21 东莞市道睿石墨烯研究院 A kind of chemical vapour deposition technique that carbon fiber is prepared using white pollution thing

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1631961A (en) * 2004-11-09 2005-06-29 杨永健 Rubber and plastic construction decoration materials
CN102070841A (en) * 2011-01-21 2011-05-25 北京工商大学 Polypropylene foam sheet prepared from composite foaming agent and production method thereof
CN102127256A (en) * 2010-12-22 2011-07-20 芜湖红方包装科技有限公司 Pearl wool material
CN102516666A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-06-27 山东理工大学 Polypropylene-based microcellular foaming wood-plastic composite material and production method thereof
CN102690459A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-09-26 华东理工大学 High-resilience chemical crosslinked polyethylene foam material and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1631961A (en) * 2004-11-09 2005-06-29 杨永健 Rubber and plastic construction decoration materials
CN102127256A (en) * 2010-12-22 2011-07-20 芜湖红方包装科技有限公司 Pearl wool material
CN102070841A (en) * 2011-01-21 2011-05-25 北京工商大学 Polypropylene foam sheet prepared from composite foaming agent and production method thereof
CN102516666A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-06-27 山东理工大学 Polypropylene-based microcellular foaming wood-plastic composite material and production method thereof
CN102690459A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-09-26 华东理工大学 High-resilience chemical crosslinked polyethylene foam material and preparation method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105860308A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-08-17 苏州能华节能环保科技有限公司 Recycled-plastic porous environment-friendly heat insulating material
CN106746979A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-05-31 大连环球矿产股份有限公司 A kind of method that utilization wollastonite tailing produces environmentally friendly lightweight non-fired brick
CN107366041A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-21 东莞市道睿石墨烯研究院 A kind of chemical vapour deposition technique that carbon fiber is prepared using white pollution thing

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Application publication date: 20141217

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