CN104153201A - Breathable anti-mosquito fabric and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Breathable anti-mosquito fabric and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104153201A
CN104153201A CN201410336287.5A CN201410336287A CN104153201A CN 104153201 A CN104153201 A CN 104153201A CN 201410336287 A CN201410336287 A CN 201410336287A CN 104153201 A CN104153201 A CN 104153201A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
fabric
nylon monofilament
preparation
monofilament
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CN201410336287.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭可群
唐林海
姜亭
肖兵
洑建明
刘培佩
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JIANGSU XINCHEN CHEMICAL FIBER Co Ltd
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JIANGSU XINCHEN CHEMICAL FIBER Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410336287.5A priority Critical patent/CN104153201A/en
Publication of CN104153201A publication Critical patent/CN104153201A/en
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  • Woven Fabrics (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a breathable anti-mosquito fabric and a preparation method thereof. The breathable anti-mosquito fabric disclosed by the invention is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 30-60 parts of modal fibre, 30-60 parts of natural fibre, 10-40 parts of nylon monofilament, and 1-20 parts of polypropylene fibre monofilament. The preparation method disclosed by the invention comprises the following steps: weaving modal fibre as the inner layer, weaving nylon monofilament and natural fibre as the surface layer, and weaving nylon monofilament or polypropylene fibre monofilament as the yarn cushion layer, wherein both the inner layer and the surface layer are shaped as grids; carrying out dip dyeing on nylon monofilament and polypropylene fibre monofilament in a die dyeing solution at 80-120 DEG C for 20-150 min; and washing, carrying out swirl drying and sizing at 170-190 DEG C. The air permeability of the breathable anti-mosquito fabric prepared by the invention is 303-390 mm/s under 100 Pa pressure difference; and the anti-mosquito effect achieves 95-100%.

Description

A kind of Breathable Insect Protection fabric and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to weaving face fabric field, relate in particular to a kind of Breathable Insect Protection fabric and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Hematophagus not only stings harassing and wrecking human body by thorn, and can propagate the various diseases such as the plague, dengue fever, malaria.The areas such as the outlying Hainan of China, Yunnan, Xinjiang, the Inner Mongol, in summer mosquito, midge, buffalo gnat, flea hematophagus activity peak phase, human body every cubic metre of space of insect density around can reach up to a hundred.If people dress common summer clothes, part hematophagus can sting; If dressing is blocked up, clothing gas permeability is poor, and because temperature is high, people are by endurable.Therefore, dressing problem is having a strong impact on outdoor personnel at the normal activity in summer, causes army cannot carry out the military activities such as training, patrol, and forest worker, herdsman etc. cannot go on a journey.
Chinese utility model patent description CN87203525Y, discloses a kind of anti-administration mosquito prevent suit.Its fabric, lining all have porous grenadine as major ingredient taking terylene or acrylic fibers mosquito netting or other, taking nylon taffeta as auxiliary material, are filled with the flexible support thing of the posture of rectifying as sponge strip etc., to ensure that mosquito can not bite across fabric between lining and fabric.But due to flexible support thing skewness, thereby cause two-layer mosquito netting interval inconsistent, bending or on the ground when sitting and lying, two layers of cloth cover are overlapping, still easily cause insect bites human body at clothes.
Chinese utility model patent description CN2799638Y, discloses a kind of mosquito proof and has bitten cloth, it include a nexine, a surface layer and be arranged on nexine and surface layer between at least one pad layer, described pad layer is by fibrous.This fiber is monfil or multifilament fiber, is supported between nexine and surface layer.This mosquito proof is bitten cloth Bian Multilayer Network ocular tissue structure, has the functional effect of Breathable Insect Protection, but to miniature insect littlely sting, midge, buffalo gnat, sand fly, must reduce mesh, but can cause like this air permeable effect variation.And, in the place of some hematophagus frequent activities, for example Xinjiang of China Altay Prefecture, the mosquito density of the 7-8 month in summer is up to 1700/cubic metre, as long as there is 1% miniature hematophagus to pierce from the seam crossing of mesh or cap and upper garment, upper garment and trousers, trousers and footgear, cause human body to be bitten, consequence endurable.Only Bian fabric special construction, is not sufficient to resist the invasion and attack of mosquito.
Therefore, produce a kind of Mothproof fabric and just become a new research direction to resist mosquito by add insect-proof agent in fabric." hygienic insecticide formulation technical manual in 2000 " (book number of the edition ISBN7-5025-2987-X/TQ.1305) records, the OLESET polyethylene insect protected fiber of SUMITOMO CHEMICAL KCC, in hdpe fiber spinning solution in the spray silk stage, add permethrin component, permethrin consumption is 2% of high density polyethylene (HDPE), use procedure Chinese traditional medicine can be discharged into fiber surface, produces insect protected effect.But pyrethroid is equivalent to impurity for synthetic fiber such as polyethylene, affect its spinnability, the insect protected synthetic fiber that routine can only spray be greater than 0.15 millimeter.In addition, conventional insect protected fiber spray silk technique is because temperature is high, and the decomposition temperature of decis and Cyhalothrin is far below spray silk technological temperature, and decis and Cyhalothrin will decompose in a large number.
In prior art, also have coating process to add insect-proof agent on fabric surface.But conventional insect protected coating process can not carry out to Double-level Reticulated ocular structure fabric the processing of one side and middle pad layer, and surface can cause allergic reaction containing the fabric contact application on human skin of insect-proof agent.
Chinese invention patent application prospectus CN1807751A, discloses a kind of method of preparing anti-insect textile with pyrethroid-dyed synthetic fiber, insect-proof agent on attempting to print and dye in face liber.The main Bian of the method with two Yue benzene as dyeing accelerant by the pyrethroid synthetic fiber of printing and dyeing, but because two Yue benzene are understood the synthetic fiber such as polyethylene dissolving, polypropylene more than 70 DEG C, when dyeing and printing process, the synthetic fiber such as polyethylene, polypropylene can be subject to two Yue benzene and degrade, and the method is also not suitable for the synthetic fiber such as polyethylene, the polypropylene printing and dyeing pyrethroid that diameter is little.Therefore, technology cannot be manufactured the synthetic fiber such as polyethylene, polypropylene containing decis pesticide that diameter is little at present.
Summary of the invention
the technical problem solving:
The application, for the shortcoming of existing weaving face fabric one-way performance, provides a kind of Breathable Insect Protection fabric and preparation method thereof, and this fabric has good permeability, the stable function of insect protected.
technical scheme:
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of Breathable Insect Protection fabric, good permeability, insect protected are stablized.
Breathable Insect Protection fabric is made up of following raw material weight umber proportioning: Modal fibre 30-60 part, natural fabric 30-60 part, nylon monofilament 10-40 part, polypropylene fiber filaments 1-20 part.
As preferably, the natural fabric adopting in the present invention is mulberry silk.
The present invention also provides a kind of preparation method of Breathable Insect Protection fabric, comprises the following steps: weaving nexine is that Modal fibre, surface layer are that nylon monofilament and natural fabric, pad layer are nylon monofilament or polypropylene fiber filaments, and nexine and surface layer are latticed; Nylon monofilament and polypropylene fiber filaments are placed in to dip dyeing liquid for shell and contaminate, temperature 80-120 DEG C, time 20-150min; Washing, drying, sizing, setting temperature is 170-190 DEG C.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, dip-dye temperature is 80-120 DEG C.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, immerged time is 20-150min.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, setting temperature is 170-190 DEG C.
beneficial effect
Compared to the prior art a kind of Breathable Insect Protection fabric of the present invention and preparation method thereof adopts above technical scheme, has following technique effect: 1, weaving face fabric has the multiple function of good permeability, insect protected stable performance; 2, under the 100Pa pressure differential of weaving face fabric air penetrability up to 303-390mm/s; 3, the mosquito proof effect of weaving face fabric reaches 95-100%.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1:
Breathable Insect Protection fabric is made up of following raw material weight umber proportioning: 30 parts of Modal fibres, 30 parts of natural fabrics, 10 parts of nylon monofilaments, 2 parts of polypropylene fiber filaments.Preparation method comprises the following steps: weaving nexine is that Modal fibre, surface layer are that nylon monofilament and natural fabric, pad layer are nylon monofilament or polypropylene fiber filaments, and nexine and surface layer are latticed; Nylon monofilament and polypropylene fiber filaments are placed in to dip dyeing liquid for shell and contaminate, 80 DEG C of temperature, time 20min; Washing, drying, sizing, setting temperature is 170 DEG C.
Under 100Pa pressure differential, air penetrability is 303mm/s, and mosquito proof effect reaches 95%.
Embodiment 2:
Breathable Insect Protection fabric is made up of following raw material weight umber proportioning: 45 parts of Modal fibres, 40 parts of natural fabrics, 15 parts of nylon monofilaments, 5 parts of polypropylene fiber filaments.Preparation method comprises the following steps: weaving nexine is that Modal fibre, surface layer are that nylon monofilament and natural fabric, pad layer are nylon monofilament or polypropylene fiber filaments, and nexine and surface layer are latticed; Nylon monofilament and polypropylene fiber filaments are placed in to dip dyeing liquid for shell and contaminate, 90 DEG C of temperature, time 30min; Washing, drying, sizing, setting temperature is 170 DEG C.
Under 100Pa pressure differential, air penetrability is 310mm/s, and mosquito proof effect reaches 95%.
Embodiment 3:
Breathable Insect Protection fabric is made up of following raw material weight umber proportioning: 40 parts of Modal fibres, 40 parts of natural fabrics, 15 parts of nylon monofilaments, 8 parts of polypropylene fiber filaments.Preparation method comprises the following steps: weaving nexine is that Modal fibre, surface layer are that nylon monofilament and natural fabric, pad layer are nylon monofilament or polypropylene fiber filaments, and nexine and surface layer are latticed; Nylon monofilament and polypropylene fiber filaments are placed in to dip dyeing liquid for shell and contaminate, 90 DEG C of temperature, time 40min; Washing, drying, sizing, setting temperature is 175 DEG C.
Under 100Pa pressure differential, air penetrability is 335mm/s, and mosquito proof effect reaches 97%.
Embodiment 4:
Breathable Insect Protection fabric is made up of following raw material weight umber proportioning: 50 parts of Modal fibres, 45 parts of natural fabrics, 35 parts of nylon monofilaments, 10 parts of polypropylene fiber filaments.Preparation method comprises the following steps: weaving nexine is that Modal fibre, surface layer are that nylon monofilament and natural fabric, pad layer are nylon monofilament or polypropylene fiber filaments, and nexine and surface layer are latticed; Nylon monofilament and polypropylene fiber filaments are placed in to dip dyeing liquid for shell and contaminate, 100 DEG C of temperature, time 50min; Washing, drying, sizing, setting temperature is 180 DEG C.
Under 100Pa pressure differential, air penetrability is 350mm/s, and mosquito proof effect reaches 98%.
Embodiment 5:
Breathable Insect Protection fabric is made up of following raw material weight umber proportioning: 55 parts of Modal fibres, 45 parts of natural fabrics, 35 parts of nylon monofilaments, 10 parts of polypropylene fiber filaments.Preparation method comprises the following steps: weaving nexine is that Modal fibre, surface layer are that nylon monofilament and natural fabric, pad layer are nylon monofilament or polypropylene fiber filaments, and nexine and surface layer are latticed; Nylon monofilament and polypropylene fiber filaments are placed in to dip dyeing liquid for shell and contaminate, 110 DEG C of temperature, time 60min; Washing, drying, sizing, setting temperature is 180 DEG C.
Under 100Pa pressure differential, air penetrability is 360mm/s, and mosquito proof effect reaches 98%.
Embodiment 6:
Breathable Insect Protection fabric is made up of following raw material weight umber proportioning: 60 parts of Modal fibres, 60 parts of natural fabrics, 40 parts of nylon monofilaments, 15 parts of polypropylene fiber filaments.Preparation method comprises the following steps: weaving nexine is that Modal fibre, surface layer are that nylon monofilament and natural fabric, pad layer are nylon monofilament or polypropylene fiber filaments, and nexine and surface layer are latticed; Nylon monofilament and polypropylene fiber filaments are placed in to dip dyeing liquid for shell and contaminate, 115 DEG C of temperature, time 150min; Washing, drying, sizing, setting temperature is 190 DEG C.
Under 100Pa pressure differential, air penetrability is 390mm/s, and mosquito proof effect reaches 100%.
Embodiment 7:
Breathable Insect Protection fabric is made up of following raw material weight umber proportioning: 55 parts of Modal fibres, 60 parts of natural fabrics, 35 parts of nylon monofilaments, 15 parts of polypropylene fiber filaments.Preparation method comprises the following steps: weaving nexine is that Modal fibre, surface layer are that nylon monofilament and natural fabric, pad layer are nylon monofilament or polypropylene fiber filaments, and nexine and surface layer are latticed; Nylon monofilament and polypropylene fiber filaments are placed in to dip dyeing liquid for shell and contaminate, 115 DEG C of temperature, time 140min; Washing, drying, sizing, setting temperature is 185 DEG C.
Under 100Pa pressure differential, air penetrability is 380mm/s, and mosquito proof effect reaches 100%.
Embodiment 8:
Breathable Insect Protection fabric is made up of following raw material weight umber proportioning: 55 parts of Modal fibres, 55 parts of natural fabrics, 35 parts of nylon monofilaments, 18 parts of polypropylene fiber filaments.Preparation method comprises the following steps: weaving nexine is that Modal fibre, surface layer are that nylon monofilament and natural fabric, pad layer are nylon monofilament or polypropylene fiber filaments, and nexine and surface layer are latticed; Nylon monofilament and polypropylene fiber filaments are placed in to dip dyeing liquid for shell and contaminate, 120 DEG C of temperature, time 150min; Washing, drying, sizing, setting temperature is 190 DEG C.
Under 100Pa pressure differential, air penetrability is 386mm/s, and mosquito proof effect reaches 99%.
Embodiment 9:
Breathable Insect Protection fabric is made up of following raw material weight umber proportioning: 60 parts of Modal fibres, 60 parts of natural fabrics, 35 parts of nylon monofilaments, 18 parts of polypropylene fiber filaments.Preparation method comprises the following steps: weaving nexine is that Modal fibre, surface layer are that nylon monofilament and natural fabric, pad layer are nylon monofilament or polypropylene fiber filaments, and nexine and surface layer are latticed; Nylon monofilament and polypropylene fiber filaments are placed in to dip dyeing liquid for shell and contaminate, 120 DEG C of temperature, time 150min; Washing, drying, sizing, setting temperature is 190 DEG C.
Under 100Pa pressure differential, air penetrability is 390mm/s, and mosquito proof effect reaches 100%.

Claims (6)

1. a Breathable Insect Protection fabric, is characterized in that, Breathable Insect Protection fabric is made up of following raw material weight umber proportioning: Modal fibre 30-60 part, natural fabric 30-60 part, nylon monofilament 10-40 part, polypropylene fiber filaments 1-20 part.
2. Breathable Insect Protection fabric according to claim 1, is characterized in that, natural fabric is mulberry silk.
3. the preparation method of Breathable Insect Protection fabric claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps: weaving nexine is that Modal fibre, surface layer are that nylon monofilament and natural fabric, pad layer are nylon monofilament or polypropylene fiber filaments, and nexine and surface layer are latticed; Nylon monofilament and polypropylene fiber filaments are placed in to dip dyeing liquid for shell and contaminate, temperature 80-120 DEG C, time 20-150min; Washing, drying, sizing, setting temperature is 170-190 DEG C.
4. the preparation method of Breathable Insect Protection fabric according to claim 3, is characterized in that, dip-dye temperature is 80-120 DEG C.
5. the preparation method of Breathable Insect Protection fabric according to claim 3, is characterized in that, immerged time is 20-150min.
6. the preparation method of Breathable Insect Protection fabric according to claim 3, is characterized in that, setting temperature is 170-190 DEG C.
CN201410336287.5A 2014-07-16 2014-07-16 Breathable anti-mosquito fabric and preparation method thereof Withdrawn CN104153201A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106367865A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-02-01 江苏工程职业技术学院 Production process of polyester fiber/viscose double-layer yarn laying fabric cloth
CN108560103A (en) * 2018-03-01 2018-09-21 海宁天福经编涂层有限公司 A kind of production method of expelling parasite fabric

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101718042A (en) * 2009-11-24 2010-06-02 上海公泰纺织制品有限公司 Mothproof fabric and preparation method thereof
CN102476486A (en) * 2010-11-24 2012-05-30 吴江花皇印花制品有限公司 Anti-insect fabric
CN102774059A (en) * 2012-07-09 2012-11-14 昆山市周市惠宏服装厂 Preparation method for novel insect-resistant fabric

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101718042A (en) * 2009-11-24 2010-06-02 上海公泰纺织制品有限公司 Mothproof fabric and preparation method thereof
CN102476486A (en) * 2010-11-24 2012-05-30 吴江花皇印花制品有限公司 Anti-insect fabric
CN102774059A (en) * 2012-07-09 2012-11-14 昆山市周市惠宏服装厂 Preparation method for novel insect-resistant fabric

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106367865A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-02-01 江苏工程职业技术学院 Production process of polyester fiber/viscose double-layer yarn laying fabric cloth
CN108560103A (en) * 2018-03-01 2018-09-21 海宁天福经编涂层有限公司 A kind of production method of expelling parasite fabric

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Application publication date: 20141119