CN104083945A - Zeolite ceramic prepared by utilizing coal gangue and construction waste and preparation technology thereof - Google Patents

Zeolite ceramic prepared by utilizing coal gangue and construction waste and preparation technology thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104083945A
CN104083945A CN201410226386.8A CN201410226386A CN104083945A CN 104083945 A CN104083945 A CN 104083945A CN 201410226386 A CN201410226386 A CN 201410226386A CN 104083945 A CN104083945 A CN 104083945A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
zeolite
gangue
ball
biofilter
building waste
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CN201410226386.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104083945B (en
Inventor
王川
贾志斌
刘崎峰
赵玲
刘东伟
卓义
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内蒙古大学
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Priority to CN201410226386.8A priority Critical patent/CN104083945B/en
Publication of CN104083945A publication Critical patent/CN104083945A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses zolite ceramic prepared by utilizing coal gangue and construction waste and a preparation technology thereof. Construction waste and coal gangue are taken as main raw materials, and technological means such as sintering, hydro-thermal processing and the like are utilized for preparing the zeolite ceramic filter material. The technology comprises two key points: 1, sintering construction waste and coal gangue to form an internally-porous ceramic particle material; and 2, performing alkali hydro-thermal processing, so as to change the surfaces of the ceramic particles into a zeolite structure. The prepared porous biological filter material has a multi-stage pore structure and has the density close to the density of water. The prepared porous biological filter material is applicable to technologies of aeration biological filter tanks, oxidation tanks and the like in field of sewage processing, and also has functions of biofilm colonization, adsorption and removal of heavy metal ions, and the like.

Description

A kind of zeolite ceramsite and technology of preparing thereof of utilizing gangue and building waste to prepare
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of composite pore structural zeolite ceramsite filtrate and preparation method taking building waste and gangue as primary raw material, comprise the high added value application technology as the second resource of building waste and gangue simultaneously, belonged to environment functional material and solid waste comprehensive utilization of resources field.Described zeolite ceramsite filtrate is a kind of multi-functional, high-performance porous water-treatment biological filler, belongs to novel environmental functional material.This product is applicable to contain the processing of multiple pollutant (heavy metal, BOD, ammonia nitrogen, total phosphorus) waste water simultaneously.This product has the advantages such as specific area is large, absorption property is high, especially there is to good control effect in burst Pollution source.
Background technology
Along with the quick rapid development of China's economic and developing rapidly of real estate, the discharge capacity of building waste increases year by year.But along with growing with each passing day of building waste generation, how in addition disposal and utilization has become people's question of common concern.Landfill can not meet current development situation far away as the main processing means of building waste at present.Gangue is the main solid waste that discharge in colliery.According to statistics, the annual gangue total amount of discharging of China reaches 200,000,000 tons at present.Although China has formulated the fundamental state policy that Coal Gangue Resource utilizes, present stage the gangue comprehensive utilization present situation of China allow of no optimist.A large amount of gangues are still in stacking idle state.A large amount of bastard coal clitters are abandoned and are not only caused the great wasting of resources, and again ecological environment are around done great damage.So, present stage the research of utilization significance to gangue.In addition, coal field can cause serious ecological environment problem in progress of coal mining, mainly comprises: water pollution, soil pollution, soil erosion etc.So country's " gangue combine platform utilize technical policy main points " points out, current will be taking the Technology of Comprehensive Utilization of Coal Gangue of develop high-tech content, high added value and product as main direction.So new way, new product, the new technology of development architecture rubbish and gangue utilization remains the urgent task in current solid waste resource field.
Porous ceramic grain is widely used in sewage disposal as biofilm carrier.But existing ceramics filling pore structure is macroscopic macroscopical macropore (1~3mm), so specific area is less, adsorption capacity a little less than.The physicochemical properties of current ceramics filling have limited its removal effect and speed to water pollutant, and can not effectively remove the larger heavy metal contaminants of environmental hazard in water body, so the application in wastewater treatment of ceramic grain filter at present only limits to simple filtration or bio-film colonization.
Zeolite is a kind of inorganic porous material, have compared with bigger serface, adsorption capacity, ion-exchange capacity, in wastewater treatment process, obtained at present application to a certain degree, but artificial synthetic zeolite major part is zeolite powder, has brought certain difficulty to the Separation of Solid and Liquid after wastewater treatment.Preparing granular zeolite filler, is a significant research work.
Summary of the invention
The present invention proposes the technology path that utilizes building waste and gangue to prepare zeolite ceramsite filtrate.High-sintering process in process has been realized regrouping process and the chemical activation effect of material, and buck heat treatment process has realized the load of zeolite on haydite surface.So this technology path can obtain quality is even well, surcharge is high building waste and utilization of coal gangue product.This product has unrivaled advantage in wastewater treatment process.
The concrete production process of zeolite ceramsite filtrate of the present invention comprises following key step:
Grinding process: first utilize ball mill or Raymond mill that building waste and gangue are made to powder, the fineness of powder is generally below 100 orders.After fineness of powder need ensure to add water, powder slurry has certain viscosity, and balling-up process is carried out smoothly.
Pelletization: building waste and gangue powder, rice hull ash are mixed by weight at 20: 1, add 10~15% water, utilize batch mixer to stir into slurry.Utilize Doubleroller compaction granulator or pan-pelletizer building waste and gangue powder to be made to the raw material ball of diameter 3~15mm.The intensity of raw material ball should ensure can be not broken in rotary kiln.
Sintering process: utilize the equipment such as charger that raw material ball is written into and (comprises the equipment such as Muffle furnace, sintering machine, rotary kiln) in high temperature furnace and carry out sintering processes.In sintering process, to note controlling the technological parameter such as temperature, heating rate.Generally getting sintering temperature is 1000~1100 DEG C.After product after sintering is cooling, can obtain building waste and coal gangue haydite.
Hydrothermal treatment consists: porous ceramic grain particle is put into closed and can heat reactor, and to add concentration be the NaOH solution of 1mol/L, solid-to-liquid ratio gets 1/5~1/10.Solidliquid mixture in still is stirred 3~5 minutes, so that solid-liquid fully mixes.Reactor is heated to 90~110 DEG C and carries out hydrothermal treatment consists, be incubated 5~12 hours.With this understanding, haydite surface part sial is dissolved in liquid phase, and in the crystallization of haydite surface in situ, forms zeolite facies, and along with the reaction time extends, zeolite facies increase and form zeolite loose structure gradually.
Water-washing process: obtaining product remained on surface has alkali lye, generally, not directly as water treatment filler, washes the product obtaining, and removes the unnecessary alkali lye in surface.If treatment of acidic wastewater can suitably reduce washing times or not need water-washing process.
Advantage of the present invention is as follows:
The building waste that the present invention effectively utilizes and gangue, the environmental hazard that can alleviate building waste and gangue, realizes the high added value recycling of building waste and gangue.Meet national development recycling economy, the fundamental state policy that energy-saving and emission-reduction profit is useless.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is further illustrated for embodiment given below; but can not be interpreted as it is limiting the scope of the invention; some nonessential improvement and adjustment that person skilled in art makes according to foregoing invention content, still belong to protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
Get building waste 1kg and gangue 0.5kg, building waste and gangue are broken for to 3 centimetres of following particles of diameter with disintegrating machine.Building waste and coal gangue particle are put into ball mill, under 300 revs/min, move 15 minutes, take out the mixed powder obtaining.Powder, rice hull ash, water were mixed by weight 20: 1: 3, stir and make slip.Utilize pan-pelletizer slip to be made to the pellet of diameter 10~15mm.Pellet is put into Muffle furnace stove and carry out sintering, sintering temperature is got 1000 DEG C, is incubated 10 minutes.The building waste obtaining and coal gangue haydite are put into closed and can heat reactor, and to add concentration be the NaOH solution of 1mol/L, solid-to-liquid ratio gets 1/5.Solidliquid mixture in still is stirred 3 minutes, then reactor is heated to 100 DEG C, at this temperature, be incubated 5 hours.Reaction finishes rear utilization filtration and realizes Separation of Solid and Liquid, and the solid phase product clear water obtaining is zeolite-loaded type haydite finished product after washing 3 times.

Claims (6)

1. a sewage disposal biofilter material that utilizes building waste and gangue to prepare, is characterized in that: (1) has the multistage composite pore structure of macroporous structure and zeolite micropore structure composition; (2) its main raw materials is building waste and gangue, accounts for the more than 80% of raw material gross mass; (3) can be used as aeration and biological filtrate filtrate, there is the function such as bio-film colonization and heavy metal ion adsorbed removal simultaneously.
2. according to biofilter material claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: surface pore structure yardstick is respectively: millimeter, micron, nanometer.
3. according to biofilter material claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: surface has zeolite structured, in bio-film colonization operation, the character such as the surface charge of zeolite, adsorption capacity, ion-exchange can strengthen speed and the ability of biomembrane load, growth greatly.
4. a preparation method for biofilter material as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: mainly comprise following critical process step: (1) utilizes Raymond mill, ball mill etc. that building waste and gangue are made to the powder below 100 orders; (2) building waste and gangue powder, pore creating material, water are mixed, be prepared into the slip with certain plasticity; (3) utilize comminutor slip to be made to the raw material ball of diameter 3~15mm; (4) raw material ball is carried out at 900~1100 DEG C to sintering, carry out surperficial glaze removal operation, obtain porous ceramic grain; (5) porous ceramic grain particle is carried out to hydrothermal treatment consists in certain density NaOH solution, in this process, control reaction temperature and reaction time, zeolite structured at haydite Surface Creation; (6) water-washing process: the product obtaining is washed, removed the unnecessary alkali lye in surface.Finally obtain zeolite ceramsite filtrate.
5. according to the preparation method of biofilter material claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: pore creating material is selected from following material: sawdust, carbon dust, rice hull ash, abandoned biomass powder etc.
6. according to the preparation method of biofilter material claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: the process of surperficial glaze removal operation is: pack a large amount of haydite particles into ball mill, after removal abrading-ball, turn round 5~10 minutes.Surface enamel is removed under the collision of filtering material particle.In process, will notice that ball mills will take out, Ball-milling Time should not exceed 10 minutes, otherwise wear of filtering material aggravation.
CN201410226386.8A 2014-05-22 2014-05-22 A kind of utilize gangue and building waste to prepare zeolite ceramsite and technology of preparing CN104083945B (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105503248A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-04-20 武汉科技大学 Biological serpentine filter material and preparation method thereof
CN106220006A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-12-14 雷春生 A kind of preparation method of garbage base geological polymer material
CN107159089A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-09-15 太原科技大学 A kind of heavy metal ion porous magnetic haydite sorbent preparation method
CN107473286A (en) * 2017-09-27 2017-12-15 句容市后白镇迎瑞印花厂 A kind for the treatment of of dyeing/printing wastewaters and preparation method thereof
CN107473287A (en) * 2017-09-27 2017-12-15 句容市后白镇迎瑞印花厂 A kind of dyeing waste water efficient process agent and preparation method thereof
CN107573005A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-01-12 周夕和 A kind of preparation method of ceramic grain filter
CN107686138A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-02-13 句容市后白镇迎瑞印花厂 A kind of dyeing waste water cleanser and preparation method thereof
CN109942274A (en) * 2019-03-11 2019-06-28 昆明理工大学 A method of using red mud and coal ash for manufacturing for multi-stage porous haydite

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CN1915858A (en) * 2006-09-01 2007-02-21 清华大学 Compounded mix of transfusion type biology bed in use for treating polluted river water
CN101012643A (en) * 2006-12-18 2007-08-08 国家环境保护总局华南环境科学研究所 Construction method of ecological bank slope effectively removing area-source pollution fleetly
CN101659501A (en) * 2009-04-07 2010-03-03 环境保护部华南环境科学研究所 Artificial ecological wastewater treatment unit in expressway service areas
CN102674800A (en) * 2012-06-14 2012-09-19 中国科学院生态环境研究中心 Method for producing porous support of biological film by matching wet sludge and construction waste
CN102838378A (en) * 2012-08-23 2012-12-26 陕西宝深机械(集团)有限公司 Complete harmless and resourceful treatment process of building solid waste

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000140650A (en) * 1998-11-06 2000-05-23 Inax Corp Treatment of inorganic waste material and reactor therefor
CN1915858A (en) * 2006-09-01 2007-02-21 清华大学 Compounded mix of transfusion type biology bed in use for treating polluted river water
CN101012643A (en) * 2006-12-18 2007-08-08 国家环境保护总局华南环境科学研究所 Construction method of ecological bank slope effectively removing area-source pollution fleetly
CN101659501A (en) * 2009-04-07 2010-03-03 环境保护部华南环境科学研究所 Artificial ecological wastewater treatment unit in expressway service areas
CN102674800A (en) * 2012-06-14 2012-09-19 中国科学院生态环境研究中心 Method for producing porous support of biological film by matching wet sludge and construction waste
CN102838378A (en) * 2012-08-23 2012-12-26 陕西宝深机械(集团)有限公司 Complete harmless and resourceful treatment process of building solid waste

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105503248A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-04-20 武汉科技大学 Biological serpentine filter material and preparation method thereof
CN106220006A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-12-14 雷春生 A kind of preparation method of garbage base geological polymer material
CN107159089A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-09-15 太原科技大学 A kind of heavy metal ion porous magnetic haydite sorbent preparation method
CN107473286A (en) * 2017-09-27 2017-12-15 句容市后白镇迎瑞印花厂 A kind for the treatment of of dyeing/printing wastewaters and preparation method thereof
CN107473287A (en) * 2017-09-27 2017-12-15 句容市后白镇迎瑞印花厂 A kind of dyeing waste water efficient process agent and preparation method thereof
CN107686138A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-02-13 句容市后白镇迎瑞印花厂 A kind of dyeing waste water cleanser and preparation method thereof
CN107573005A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-01-12 周夕和 A kind of preparation method of ceramic grain filter
CN107573005B (en) * 2017-10-19 2020-03-31 攀枝花秉扬科技股份有限公司 Preparation method of ceramsite filter material
CN109942274A (en) * 2019-03-11 2019-06-28 昆明理工大学 A method of using red mud and coal ash for manufacturing for multi-stage porous haydite

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