CN104061902A - Combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device - Google Patents

Combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104061902A
CN104061902A CN201410174024.9A CN201410174024A CN104061902A CN 104061902 A CN104061902 A CN 104061902A CN 201410174024 A CN201410174024 A CN 201410174024A CN 104061902 A CN104061902 A CN 104061902A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
test tube
combined type
sensing band
flexible sensing
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CN201410174024.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104061902B (en
Inventor
杨硕稳
许利凯
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杨硕稳
许利凯
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Priority to CN201410152784 priority
Priority to CN201410152784.X priority
Application filed by 杨硕稳, 许利凯 filed Critical 杨硕稳
Priority to CN201410174024.9A priority patent/CN104061902B/en
Publication of CN104061902A publication Critical patent/CN104061902A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C9/00Measuring inclination, e.g. by clinometers, by levels
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B21/00Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups
    • G01B21/02Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups for measuring length, width, or thickness
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B21/00Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups
    • G01B21/32Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups for measuring the deformation in a solid

Abstract

The invention discloses a combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device which comprises a measurement pipe, a manual lateral inclination rod, a flexible sensing band, a large-displacement measuring line group, a data acquisition module, a wireless sending module and a power supply module. The combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device can simultaneously and automatically measure bidirectional inclination angle changes and breakage displacements at different underground depths through the flexible sensing band and the large-displacement measurement line group, so that automatic measurement of multiple physical quantities is realized; biaxial inclination angle sensors in the flexible sensing band are high in sensitivity and have accurate measured data; when a certain underground position is changed suddenly, the biaxial inclination angle sensors in the flexible sensing band can still work so as to be incapable of losing effect easily; when certain biaxial inclination angle sensors in the flexible sensing band are faulted, the flexible sensing band can be conveniently taken out due to a mounting mode of the flexible sensing band, so that the replacement of the corresponding biaxial inclination angle sensors is realized; due to the characteristic, the monitoring device can be recycled favorably, so that the labor intensity and the monitoring cost of a technicist are greatly lowered.

Description

Combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device
Technical field
The present invention relates to underground deep disaster monitoring device.
Background technology
The safety monitoring of geologic hazard body is mainly earth's surface distortion and the underground deep distortion of monitoring disaster body, in the time that disaster body deforms, first be under ground portion distortion, then be reflected to earth's surface, the deformation tendency of disaster body can be directly reacted in the distortion of the soil body of the following different depth in earth's surface (or rock mass, soil-rock mixture), therefore, carry out this monitor prediction to disaster, prevent very helpful.
At present, mainly hand tiltmeter for the instrument of measuring underground deep distortion, its measuring method is to utilize the inclinometer pipe with vertical rail being installed in advance in the boring of disaster body, regularly deviational survey bar is put into along track, in the different depth measurement degree of tilt of stopping, and then calculate the displacement of different layers position by degree of depth integrating meter, the problem that this instrument or method exist mainly contain following some: 1, measuring period is long, automaticity is low.Carry out manual operation, record because needs have technician regularly to arrive monitoring point, can not accomplish the intensive collection of Monitoring Data, Monitoring Data can compare after need to inputting computing machine, and monitoring efficiency is comparatively low; 2, easily lost efficacy.After undergoing mutation in certain layer of position of disaster body, test tube generation crimp, deviational survey bar just can not pass through, and drilling again causes the discontinuous of the increase of monitoring expense and Monitoring Data; 3, error of measured data is large.In the time that monitoring boring is darker (general drilling depth is at 30~50 meters), test tube can rotate distortion, track in test tube reverses thereupon, and the orientation that the torsion of track can directly cause deviational survey bar to be measured changes, measurement result is had a direct impact to (as: what deviational survey bar was measured when the earth's surface is to slide to vertical direction with disaster body, along with increase, the windup-degree of the degree of depth become large, possible deepest point track has produced the windup-degree of tens degree, causes direction of measurement error).
In recent years, also there is the device that some can the distortion of all automatic measurement underground deep, as stay-supported deep displacement measurement mechanism, full-automatic inclination measurement device.
Stay-supported deep displacement measurement mechanism: by some can be freely movable survey line cause underground different depth from earth's surface and fix, after the sliding band of disaster body connects generation block alternate displacement, survey line is elongated, obtain disaster body sliding deformation by the bracing wire length variations of measuring earth's surface, this method is insensitive to the inclination and distortion in disaster body early stage, can only measure the large displacement after the sliding band of side slope connects, common this stage is very dangerous, and possible field staff has little time to withdraw.
Full-automatic inclination measurement device: some obliquity sensors are installed on to following different layers position, earth's surface, measure in real time the tilt data of each sensor, measuring amount is single once this method exists, obliquity sensor lost efficacy the shortcoming that cannot change.
Therefore stay-supported deep displacement measurement mechanism and full-automatic inclination measurement device all exist the problem that measuring amount is single, meanwhile, also there is respectively poor sensitivity and the problem that can not change sensing element.
Summary of the invention
That exist for present technology or low, the easy inefficacy of automaticity, error of measured data are large, or measuring amount is single, poor sensitivity, can not change the problem of sensing element, the invention provides a kind of full-automatic, many physical quantity, be difficult for losing efficacy, sensitivity is good, measurement data is accurate, sensing element is replaceable and the combined type deep safety monitoring assembly of recycling.
To achieve these goals, technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device, it comprises test tube, manually skew back bar, flexible sensing band, large displacement survey line group, data acquisition module, wireless sending module and supply module, in the boring of described test tube under being vertically arranged in depth, in described test tube, there are two floors that extend axially and be parallel to each other, test tube is separated into three cavitys by two floors, cavity in the middle of being wherein positioned at is the second cavity, the both sides of the second cavity are respectively the first cavity and the 3rd cavity, wall in described the first cavity is provided with guide rail, flexible sensing band is placed in the first cavity by described guide rail, described flexible sensing band inside is formed by bus parallel connection by the some double-shaft tilt angle sensors that erect row layout, wall in described the second cavity is provided with track, be used for placing manual skew back bar, described large displacement survey line group comprises the flexible survey line of some different lengths, each flexible survey line one end is individually fixed on the anchor of different layers bit depth in test tube, the other end can freely be twitched respectively on the displacement transducer that is connected in earth's surface, described data acquisition module is connected with each sensor electrical signal, described wireless sending module is connected with data acquisition module electric signal.
Preferably, the wall of described the 3rd cavity is provided with and the opening of holing and being communicated with, and in described the 3rd cavity, the liquid level sensor for measuring underground water table is installed.
Preferably, described test tube is formed by connecting by some joints by some test tube sections, opening on floor setting and joint sidewall in described joint is all identical with test tube section, in the cavity with sidewall opening of described joint, be provided with intelligent sensor, be arranged on intelligent sensor in the joint of test tube different layers bit depth identical or different.
Preferably, described intelligent sensor comprises strain transducer and soil moisture content sensor.
For ensureing that flexible sensing band can be installed in the first cavity smoothly and flexible sensing band contacts closely knitly with the first cavity, preferably, be connected with weight bottom described flexible sensing band.
Preferably, described manual deviational survey bar is the elongate rod with certain length, and its two ends are fixed with roller, and inside is provided with double-shaft tilt angle sensor and electronic compass.
Preferably, described supply module comprises solar panel, Charge Management unit and accumulator.
Preferably, the outside surface of described test tube is provided with the locating slot for limiting its rotation.
Preferably, described liquid level sensor is for measuring water body pressure type or resistance survey line formula.
Preferably, described flexible sensing band is with dimension mark.
The inclined in two-way angle that the present invention can measure underground different depth simultaneously automatically by flexible sensing band and large displacement survey line group changes and fracture displacement, has realized the automatic measurement of many physical quantitys; The double-shaft tilt angle sensor sensitivity of flexible sensing band inside is good, measurement data is accurate, and in the time undergoing mutation in underground certain layer of position, the double-shaft tilt angle sensor of flexible sensing band inside still can be worked, and is therefore difficult for losing efficacy; After some double-shaft tilt angle sensor in flexible sensing band breaks down, the mounting means of flexible sensing band has determined that flexible sensing band can be taken out easily, thereby realize the replacing to corresponding double-shaft tilt angle sensor, this characteristic is conducive to the recycling of monitoring device equally, thereby greatly reduces technician's labour intensity and monitoring expense.
Further, by liquid level sensor, strain transducer and soil moisture content sensor are installed, this monitoring device also can be measured underground water table, terrestrial stress and soil moisture content.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention test tube used;
Fig. 2 is the cross sectional representation of test tube shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention manual skew back bar used;
Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 are the part mounting structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention;
In figure: 00, earth's surface; 0, basement rock; 1, test tube section; 11, the first cavity; 111, guide rail; 12, the second cavity; 121, track; 13, the 3rd cavity; 131, opening; 2, joint; 3, manual skew back bar; 31, roller; 32, double-shaft tilt angle sensor; 33, electronic compass; 4, flexible sensing band; 5, strain transducer; 6, flexible survey line; 7, displacement transducer; 8, liquid level sensor; 9, weight.
Embodiment
Hereinafter in connection with accompanying drawing, embodiments of the invention are elaborated.It should be noted that, in the situation that not conflicting, the combination in any mutually of the feature in embodiment and embodiment in the application.
With reference to Fig. 1~5, the combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device of the present embodiment is made up of test tube, flexible sensing band 4, manual skew back bar 3, large displacement survey line group, data acquisition module, wireless sending module, supply module.
Test tube: be formed by connecting by joint 2 by test tube section 1.
The every joint length of test tube section 1 is 1~3 meter.In test tube section 1, have two floors that extend axially and be parallel to each other, two floors will be separated into three cavitys in test tube section 1, and the cavity in the middle of being wherein positioned at is that the both sides of the second cavity 12, the second cavity 12 are respectively the first cavity 11 and the 3rd cavity 13.Wall in the first cavity 11 is provided with guide rail 111, for placing flexible sensing band 4; Wall in the second cavity 12 is provided with track 121, for placing manual skew back bar 3; The wall of the 3rd cavity 13 is provided with opening 131, after test tube is installed in earth drilling, the 3rd cavity 13 is communicated with boring surrounding rock body, in the 3rd cavity 13, can place liquid level sensor 8, underground water table is measured to (liquid-level type sensor 8 can be to measure water body pressure type or resistance survey line formula).In the 3rd cavity 13, be not limited to only install liquid level sensor 8, the sensor of other type can be installed according to actual measurement demand.
Opening on floor setting and joint sidewall in joint 2 is all identical with test tube section 1, and joint 2 two ends are provided with the threaded fastener being connected with test tube section 1.Joint 2 is divided into ordinary couplings and intelligent sensing connects first two form.The effect of ordinary couplings has been the connection of 1 of test tube section, makes the test tube section 1 of merogenesis connect into the test tube that meets the length of holing; Intelligent sensing joint is embedded with strain transducer 5, completing outside ordinary couplings effect, also can utilize the cantilevered structure of sidewall upper shed, by dependent variable, mechanical parameters and joint lifting surface area, calculate the extruding force of the suffered surrounding soil of joint area, i.e. terrestrial stress.The sensor (as soil moisture content sensor) that other needs also can be set in the cavity with sidewall opening of intelligent sensing joint.In a set of measurement mechanism, can divide different layers position that the intelligent sensing joint of several embedded identical or different sensors is installed, complete the physical quantity of different layers position.
Flexible sensing band 4: the inner double-shaft tilt angle sensor of being arranged by some perpendicular row forms by bus parallel connection, and according to actual measurement demand, the spacing of double-shaft tilt angle sensor can arrange flexibly.Be installed on after boring in test tube, flexible sensing band 4 is put into the first cavity 11 along the guide rail 111 of the first cavity 11, due to embedded double-shaft tilt angle sensor, changes therefore can measure the inclined in two-way angle of different depth, realizes full-automatic tilt data collection.The mounting means of flexible sensing band 4 has determined its installation, maintenance, reusable outstanding advantage.For guarantee flexible-belt 4 can be installed to smoothly, the first cavity 11 is interior and flexible-belt 4 is closely knit with contacting of the first cavity 11, and flexible sensing band 4 bottoms are connected with the weight 9 of constant weight.Flexible sensing band band 4 has dimension mark, puts into the length of underground flexible sensing band for identifying while installation.
Manually skew back bar 3: have the elongate rod of certain length, two ends are fixed with roller 31, and there are double-shaft tilt angle sensor 32 and electronic compass 33 in inside, and electronic compass 33, for correction for direction, makes data error less, and precision is higher.Manually the effect of skew back bar 3 mainly contains two aspects: one, after test tube installation, measure first the initial tilt angle of different depth and the test tube windup-degree of different depth, for data acquisition provides Data correction parameter; Two,, in the time not using flexible sensing band, complete data collection task by technician by the measurement of the manual skew back bar of regular employing hand.
Large displacement survey line group: the flexible survey line 6 (as finer wire) that comprises some different lengths, each flexible survey line 6 one end are individually fixed in that on the anchor of different layers bit depth in test tube, (anchor is made up of the collar and the several steel wire that are installed on outside test tube, can follow surrounding soil and produce synchronous shift), the other end can freely be twitched respectively on the displacement transducer 7 that is connected in earth's surface 00.For ensureing the degree of freedom of flexible survey line, there is flexible steel sleeve pipe (as stainless steel flexible hose) in flexible survey line outer cover.When the displacement of disaster body generation block fracture dislocation, flexible survey line is elongated, and amount of elongation is passed to the displacement transducer 7 on earth's surface 00, thereby knows fracture displacement, then by judging that the flexible survey line of which root is subjected to displacement to judge fracture position.
Data acquisition module: complete full-automatic data collection task, the various data lines (or data bus) in test tube are connected with the corresponding interface of acquisition module.Acquisition module has some economize on electricitys and data acquisition, pre-service logical algorithm, can realize Timing Data Acquisition, device dormancy and electric energy management function.
Wireless sending module: be connected with acquisition module, realize the wireless transmission of data, wireless type can be on-the-spot self-built wireless network (as RF, WIFI, ZIGBEE etc.), can be also existing very-long-range wireless network (as GSM, GPRS, the Big Dipper etc.).
Supply module: be made up of accumulator and sun power electroplax, Charge Management unit, the power unit of realizing this device is completely independent.
Therefore, the present invention has advantages of full-automatic, many physical quantities, be difficult for losing efficacy, sensitivity is good, measurement data is accurate, sensing element is replaceable and recycling, is the comparatively desirable device of underground deep disaster monitoring.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device, it is characterized in that: comprise test tube, manually skew back bar, flexible sensing band, large displacement survey line group, data acquisition module, wireless sending module and supply module, in the boring of described test tube under being vertically arranged in depth, in described test tube, there are two floors that extend axially and be parallel to each other, test tube is separated into three cavitys by two floors, cavity in the middle of being wherein positioned at is the second cavity, the both sides of the second cavity are respectively the first cavity and the 3rd cavity, wall in described the first cavity is provided with guide rail, flexible sensing band is placed in the first cavity by described guide rail, described flexible sensing band inside is formed by bus parallel connection by the some double-shaft tilt angle sensors that erect row layout, wall in described the second cavity is provided with track, be used for placing manual skew back bar, described large displacement survey line group comprises the flexible survey line of some different lengths, each flexible survey line one end is individually fixed on the anchor of different layers bit depth in test tube, the other end can freely be twitched respectively on the displacement transducer that is connected in earth's surface, described data acquisition module is connected with each sensor electrical signal, described wireless sending module is connected with data acquisition module electric signal.
2. combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the wall of described the 3rd cavity is provided with and the opening of holing and being communicated with, and in described the 3rd cavity, the liquid level sensor for measuring underground water table is installed.
3. combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described test tube is formed by connecting by some joints by some test tube sections, opening on floor setting and joint sidewall in described joint is all identical with test tube section, in the cavity with sidewall opening of described joint, be provided with intelligent sensor, be arranged on intelligent sensor in the joint of test tube different layers bit depth identical or different.
4. combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described intelligent sensor comprises strain transducer and soil moisture content sensor.
5. combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described flexible sensing band bottom is connected with weight.
6. combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described manual deviational survey bar is the elongate rod with certain length, and its two ends are fixed with roller, and inside is provided with double-shaft tilt angle sensor and electronic compass.
7. combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described supply module comprises solar panel, Charge Management unit and accumulator.
8. combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the outside surface of described test tube is provided with the locating slot for limiting its rotation.
9. combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described liquid level sensor is for measuring water body pressure type or resistance survey line formula.
CN201410174024.9A 2014-04-16 2014-04-28 Combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device CN104061902B (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104359396A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-02-18 中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心 Landslide deep inclination monitoring device and method
CN104931018A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-09-23 上海砺晟光电技术有限公司 One-dimensional inclination noncontact measurement method and one-dimensional inclination noncontact measurement system based on absolute distance measurement
CN105091858A (en) * 2015-08-02 2015-11-25 上海砺晟光电技术有限公司 Two-dimension inclination angle non-contact measurement method and system based on absolute distance measurement
CN106759545A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 上海岩土工程勘察设计研究院有限公司 A kind of recoverable lateral displacement test system in parallel
CN109323684A (en) * 2018-10-11 2019-02-12 上海市岩土地质研究院有限公司 A kind of inclination measurement system and its tilt measurement
CN109541181A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-03-29 昆明理工大学 Open-pit mine blast deep Rock And Soil moisture content on-Line Monitor Device and monitoring method
CN109916369A (en) * 2019-04-09 2019-06-21 招商局重庆交通科研设计院有限公司 A kind of deep hole deformation automatic monitoring device and method
CN111426263A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-07-17 湖南联智科技股份有限公司 Slope monitoring device and monitoring method based on Beidou

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104061902B (en) * 2014-04-16 2016-08-24 许利凯 Combined type underground deep disaster monitoring device

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JPH09236430A (en) * 1996-03-01 1997-09-09 Tone Corp Measuring method for precision of multi-axis drilling shaft
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104359396A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-02-18 中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心 Landslide deep inclination monitoring device and method
CN104931018A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-09-23 上海砺晟光电技术有限公司 One-dimensional inclination noncontact measurement method and one-dimensional inclination noncontact measurement system based on absolute distance measurement
CN105091858A (en) * 2015-08-02 2015-11-25 上海砺晟光电技术有限公司 Two-dimension inclination angle non-contact measurement method and system based on absolute distance measurement
CN106759545A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 上海岩土工程勘察设计研究院有限公司 A kind of recoverable lateral displacement test system in parallel
CN109323684A (en) * 2018-10-11 2019-02-12 上海市岩土地质研究院有限公司 A kind of inclination measurement system and its tilt measurement
CN109541181A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-03-29 昆明理工大学 Open-pit mine blast deep Rock And Soil moisture content on-Line Monitor Device and monitoring method
CN109916369A (en) * 2019-04-09 2019-06-21 招商局重庆交通科研设计院有限公司 A kind of deep hole deformation automatic monitoring device and method
CN109916369B (en) * 2019-04-09 2020-05-05 招商局重庆交通科研设计院有限公司 Deep hole deformation automatic monitoring device and method
CN111426263A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-07-17 湖南联智科技股份有限公司 Slope monitoring device and monitoring method based on Beidou
CN111426263B (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-10-09 湖南联智科技股份有限公司 Slope monitoring device and monitoring method based on Beidou

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Inventor after: Zhao Jing

Inventor before: Yang Shuowen

Inventor before: Xu Likai

Inventor before: Zhao Jing