CN104054432B - A kind of pit-picker excavating adjustable angle - Google Patents

A kind of pit-picker excavating adjustable angle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104054432B
CN104054432B CN201410271315.XA CN201410271315A CN104054432B CN 104054432 B CN104054432 B CN 104054432B CN 201410271315 A CN201410271315 A CN 201410271315A CN 104054432 B CN104054432 B CN 104054432B
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China
Prior art keywords
assembly
base
frame
frame body
connecting rod
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201410271315.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104054432A (en
Inventor
宗望远
王警梁
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Huazhong Agricultural University
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Huazhong Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201410271315.XA priority Critical patent/CN104054432B/en
Publication of CN104054432A publication Critical patent/CN104054432A/en
Application granted granted Critical
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The present invention proposes a kind of pit-picker excavating adjustable angle, including frame, power set, elevating mechanism, digging mechanism, positioner, described frame includes base, frame body, described base is hinged with described frame body, described power set, elevating mechanism and digging mechanism are arranged at described frame, described digging mechanism is connected with described power set, and described positioner is for adjusting and fix described base and hinged the formed angle of frame body.Frame being hinged with base, digging mechanism is arranged in described frame, changes the angle between frame and base, and digging mechanism adjusts the most therewith with the angle on ground, it is achieved still can dig out the hole being perpendicular to horizontal plane in slope.

Description

A kind of pit-picker excavating adjustable angle
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of pit-picker, a kind of pit-picker excavating adjustable angle.
Background technology
In order to improve afforestation rate, preserve the ecological environment, check winds and fix drifting sand, artificial planting is afforested The most generally implement.In tree planting operation, digging pit is the work that a labor intensity is the biggest, by This occurs in that various pit-picker.At present, the digging mechanism of domestic and international pit-picker substantially uses spiral shell Rotating drill bit, hoisting mechanism is the four-bar linkage of three-point type hanging, and power is that tractor is hung Reclining, although overall structure is simple, but have following defects that tractor drives and be not suitable for mountain The operation of woods hillside fields;Actuating unit is the cost that tractor adds complete machine;The hole dug out is vertical It is perpendicular to ground surface in other words conj.or perhaps in the chassis of pit-picker, when ground surface is hillside fields, digs out Hole be not orthogonal to horizontal plane, do not meet tree planting requirement.
Summary of the invention
It is contemplated that at least solve one of technical problem present in prior art.To this end, this Invention proposes a kind of pit-picker excavating adjustable angle, frame is hinged with base, excavator Structure is arranged in described frame, changes the angle between frame and base, digging mechanism and ground Angle adjust the most therewith, it is achieved still can dig out the hole being perpendicular to horizontal plane in slope.
In order to realize above-mentioned technique effect, concrete technical scheme is:
A kind of pit-picker excavating adjustable angle, including frame, power set, elevating mechanism, Digging mechanism, positioner, described frame includes base, frame body, described base and described frame Body is hinged, and described power set, elevating mechanism and digging mechanism are arranged at described frame, Described digging mechanism is connected with described power set, and described positioner is used for adjusting and fix institute State base and hinged the formed angle of frame body.
Preferred as such scheme, described elevating mechanism include crank rocker assembly, guide rail, The gripper shoe moved along described guide rail, described crank rocker assembly includes crank and rocking bar;Described Guide rail is arranged on described frame;Described power set are arranged in described gripper shoe;Described song One end of handle is hinged with one end of described rocking bar, and the other end of described rocking bar is articulated with described frame With, the other end of described crank is connected with described power set.
Preferred as such scheme, described positioner is connecting rod, described connecting rod one end and institute Stating frame body to be connected, the other end is free end.
Preferred as such scheme, described positioner is connecting rod, described connecting rod one end and institute Stating frame body to be connected, the other end is connected with described base, and described connecting rod and frame body connecting place are to described Connecting rod is adjustable with the distance of base connecting place.
Preferred as such scheme, described frame body, described base, described connecting rod are equipped with Hole, some location, also includes bolt, and described connecting rod is fixed by described bolt through hole, described location On described frame body and base.
Preferred as such scheme, described positioner includes what relative position can change Assembly one, assembly two and to adjusting the assembly one of relative position, assembly two is fixed Adjusting keeper, one end of described assembly one is hinged on described frame, the one of described assembly two End is hinged on described base, and the other end of described assembly one leads to the other end of described assembly two Cross described adjustment keeper to be connected.
Preferred as such scheme, described assembly one, assembly two be hinge bar, described group Being provided with hole, fixing point adjustable location on part one and/or assembly two, described adjustment keeper is Bolt assembly or alignment pin.
Preferred as such scheme, also includes that drive mechanism, described drive mechanism include actively Wheel, driven pulley, the transmission band being set around on described drivewheel and driven pulley, decelerator, described Drivewheel is connected with described power set, and described driven pulley is arranged at the power shaft of described decelerator On;The other end of described crank is connected with the output shaft of described decelerator, and described decelerator is arranged In described gripper shoe.
Preferred as such scheme, described power set are Portable petrol engine.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that the stereochemical structure of a kind of pit-picker excavating adjustable angle that the present invention provides is shown It is intended to;
Fig. 2 is the upward view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of positioner;
Fig. 4 is the another structural representation of positioner;
Fig. 5 is the perspective view of clutch.
Wherein, 101, Portable petrol engine;201, drivewheel;202, driven pulley;203、 Transmission band;204, decelerator;301, guide rail;302, gripper shoe;303, crank;304、 Rocking bar;305, unmarried bearing;401, drill bit;501, base;502, frame body;503、 Mandrel;601, hole one, location;602, hole two, location;603, connecting rod;604, fixation kit; 605, assembly one;606, assembly two;607, keeper is adjusted;701, contact roller;702、 Drive crank;703, driven rocking bar;704, connecting rod;705, parking brake;706, latch; 707, locating slot one;708, locating slot two;709, elongated hole;801, wheel;901, Hands
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiments of the invention are described below in detail, and the example of described embodiment is shown in the accompanying drawings Going out, the most same or similar label represents same or similar element or has phase With or the element of similar functions.The embodiment described below with reference to accompanying drawing is exemplary, It is only used for explaining the present invention, and is not considered as limiting the invention.
In describing the invention, it is to be understood that term " " center ", " on ", D score, "front", "rear", "left", "right", " vertically ", " level ", " top ", " end " " interior ", " outward " Deng instruction orientation or position relationship be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, be only for It is easy to describe the present invention and simplifying describe rather than instruction or the device of hint indication or element Must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not intended that right The restriction of the present invention.
In describing the invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, Term " is installed ", " being connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixing even Connect, it is also possible to be to removably connect, or be integrally connected;Can be to be joined directly together, it is also possible to It is indirectly connected to by intermediary, can be the connection of two element internals.For this area For those of ordinary skill, above-mentioned term specifically containing in the present invention can be understood with concrete condition Justice.
As Figure 1-5, the present invention provides a kind of pit-picker excavating adjustable angle, including:
(1) frame;
(2) power set, described power set are Portable petrol engine 101;
(3) drive mechanism, described drive mechanism includes drivewheel 201, driven pulley 202, is set around Described drivewheel and the transmission band 203 on driven pulley, decelerator 204, described drivewheel and institute Stating power set to be connected, described driven pulley is arranged on the power shaft of described decelerator;
(4) elevating mechanism, described elevating mechanism include crank rocker assembly, guide rail 301, along institute Stating the gripper shoe 302 of guide rail motion, described crank rocker assembly includes by unilateral bearing 305 Crank 303 and the rocking bar 304 being hinged, the other end of described rocking bar is articulated with in described frame, The other end of described crank is connected with the output shaft of described decelerator, and described guide rail is arranged at described In frame, described Portable petrol engine and decelerator are arranged in described gripper shoe;
(5) digging mechanism, described digging mechanism is drill bit 401, and the auger spindle of described drill bit is with described Guide rail is parallel.
The operation principle of a kind of pit-picker excavating adjustable angle that the present invention provides is: portable Gasoline engine provide power drive drivewheel rotate, by transmission band thus drive driven pulley to rotate, Power is transported to decelerator by the power shaft of decelerator by driven pulley, and the output shaft of decelerator turns Moving thus promote crank rocker assembly to swing, the swing of crank rocker assembly promotes gripper shoe along leading Rail moves up and down, and gripper shoe moves up and down and drives drill bit up and down motion realization to dig pit.
A kind of pit-picker excavating adjustable angle that the present invention provides, uses crank rocker assembly real The lifting of existing digging mechanism, the most whole pit-picker light structure, compact.
Further, described frame includes that base 501 and frame body 502, described frame body pass through the heart Axle 503 is articulated with on described base, and described elevating mechanism, power set, digging mechanism are all provided with It is placed in described frame.When running into gradient ground, can come real by the angle adjusting frame body Existing drill bit is perpendicular to Current terrestrial all the time.
Further, also including positioner, described positioner is for adjusting phase para-position Described base and the frame body put position.The scheme that described positioner can use is a lot, Being provided with hole, some location 1 with the most described frame, described base is provided with hole, some location 2 602;Described positioner includes connecting rod 603, fixation kit 604, and described connecting rod passes through Fixation kit is fixed on described frame body and base through hole, described location one and hole two, location, will Connecting rod is fixed to different position hole one, location and obtains different excavation angles on hole two, i.e. connects Bar is adjustable with the distance of base connecting place with frame body connecting place to described connecting rod.Described fixation kit Can be bolt assembly or alignment pin.Connecting rod one end can also be bolted and be hinged on frame With, the other end is arranged to free end, regulate the angle on frame body and ground when digging pit after, It is arranged on corresponding ground to support pit-picker by the free end of connecting rod again.Can also use another Outer scheme, as described positioner include assembly 1 that relative position can change, Assembly 2 606 and to the adjustment adjusting the assembly one of relative position, assembly two is fixed One end of assembly one described in keeper 607 is hinged on described frame, one end of described assembly two Being hinged on described base, the other end of described assembly one passes through with the other end of described assembly two Described adjustment keeper is connected;Wherein, described assembly one, assembly two are hinge bar, described Being provided with hole, fixing point adjustable location on assembly one and/or assembly two, described fixing point is adjustable Location hole can be multiple single hole form multiple holes, it is also possible to be an elongated hole, described tune Whole keeper is bolt assembly or alignment pin.
Preferred as such scheme, also includes that clutch, described clutch include and institute State the circumscribed contact roller of transmission band 701 and control described contact roller and be in the lever of different gear Assembly.Specifically, described lever assembly includes the drive crank being articulated with in described gripper shoe 702, the driven rocking bar 703 that is articulated with in described gripper shoe, connect described drive crank with from Shake the connecting rod 704 of bar, described connecting rod respectively with described drive crank, driven rocking bar phase Hinged, described contact roller is fixed on described driven rocking bar.Compression is adjusted by lever assembly The wheel degree of tightness power to transmission band, thus control the duty of transmission band.In order to make clutch More automatization, parking brake 705 that described clutch also includes being arranged on described drive crank, The latch 706 being connected with described parking brake, described gripper shoe is provided with locating slot 1, determines Position groove 2 708, when described latch is placed in described locating slot one, described transmission band is in pine Relaxation state;When described latch is placed in described locating slot two, described transmission band is in tension-like State.
Can also be by adjusting the driven rocking bar pin joint in described gripper shoe to contact roller and biography The distance at the point of contact of dynamic band adjusts the speed of transmission band, and this technique effect can use following skill Art scheme realizes: described driven rocking bar is provided with elongated hole 709, and described contact roller is by through institute The fixture stating elongated hole is fixed on described driven rocking bar.
Further, described base is additionally provided with wheel 801, facilitates pit-picker to walk.
Preferably, with described frame, it is additionally provided with handle 901, the most convenient promotion pit-picker row Walk, adjust the angle of frame body and base the most more easily.
In the description of this specification, reference term " embodiment ", " some embodiments ", The description of " example ", " concrete example " or " some examples " etc. means to combine this embodiment Or specific features, structure, material or the feature that example describes is contained at least the one of the present invention In individual embodiment or example.In this manual, to the schematic representation of above-mentioned term not necessarily Refer to identical embodiment or example.And, the specific features of description, structure, material or Person's feature can combine in any one or more embodiments or example in an appropriate manner.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, those of ordinary skill in the art Being understood that can be to these embodiment in the case of without departing from the principle of the present invention and objective Carry out multiple change, revise, replace and modification, the scope of the present invention by claim and etc. Jljl limits.

Claims (3)

1. excavate a pit-picker for adjustable angle, including frame, power set, elevating mechanism, excavator Structure, positioner, drive mechanism, described frame includes that base, frame body, described base cut with scissors mutually with described frame body Connecing, described power set, elevating mechanism and digging mechanism are arranged at described frame, described digging mechanism and institute Stating power set to be connected, described positioner is for adjusting and fix described base and hinged the formed angle of frame body Degree;It is characterized in that, described elevating mechanism include crank rocker assembly, guide rail, along described guide rail move Fagging, described crank rocker assembly includes crank and rocking bar;Described guide rail is arranged on described frame;Described dynamic Power apparatus is arranged in described gripper shoe;One end of described crank is hinged with one end of described rocking bar, described in shake The other end of bar is articulated with described frame, and the other end of described crank is connected with described power set;Described fixed Position device be connecting rod, described connecting rod one end is connected with described frame body, and the other end is free end, or the other end and Described base is connected, and described connecting rod is adjustable with the distance of base connecting place with frame body connecting place to described connecting rod;Institute State and on frame body, described base, described connecting rod, be equipped with hole, some location, also include that bolt, described bolt pass Described connecting rod is fixed on described frame body and base by hole, described location;Described positioner includes that relative position can The assembly one that changes, assembly two and to adjusting the assembly one of relative position, assembly two is fixed Adjusting keeper, one end of described assembly one is hinged on described frame, and one end of described assembly two is hinged on institute Stating on base, the other end of described assembly one is connected by described adjustment keeper with the other end of described assembly two; Described drive mechanism includes drivewheel, driven pulley, is set around described drivewheel and the transmission band on driven pulley, subtracts Speed device, described drivewheel is connected with described power set, and described driven pulley is arranged at the power shaft of described decelerator On;The other end of described crank is connected with the output shaft of described decelerator, and described decelerator is arranged at described support On plate.
The pit-picker of excavation adjustable angle the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described assembly One, assembly two is hinge bar, and described assembly one and/or assembly two are provided with hole, fixing point adjustable location, Described adjustment keeper is bolt assembly or alignment pin.
The pit-picker of excavation adjustable angle the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described power Device is Portable petrol engine.
CN201410271315.XA 2014-06-18 2014-06-18 A kind of pit-picker excavating adjustable angle Expired - Fee Related CN104054432B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410271315.XA CN104054432B (en) 2014-06-18 2014-06-18 A kind of pit-picker excavating adjustable angle

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CN104054432B true CN104054432B (en) 2016-08-24

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114097358A (en) * 2021-11-03 2022-03-01 浡江生态建设集团有限公司 A machine of digging device that is used for planting trees of seedling planting to excavate an organic whole
CN114303525B (en) * 2022-01-14 2023-05-16 刘卫红 Pit digging device for forestry planting

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200990768Y (en) * 2006-12-20 2007-12-19 龙井市农业机械化技术推广站 Vertical digging machine
CN201163875Y (en) * 2008-03-18 2008-12-17 颜宏通 Clutching and driving device of scarifiers
CN201365435Y (en) * 2009-02-12 2009-12-23 许华美 Wheel type hole borer
CN102342202A (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-02-08 华南农业大学 Hole borer
CN203563318U (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-04-30 江苏巧力林业机械科技有限公司 Movable tree planting hole-digging machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200990768Y (en) * 2006-12-20 2007-12-19 龙井市农业机械化技术推广站 Vertical digging machine
CN201163875Y (en) * 2008-03-18 2008-12-17 颜宏通 Clutching and driving device of scarifiers
CN201365435Y (en) * 2009-02-12 2009-12-23 许华美 Wheel type hole borer
CN102342202A (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-02-08 华南农业大学 Hole borer
CN203563318U (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-04-30 江苏巧力林业机械科技有限公司 Movable tree planting hole-digging machine

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