CN104002146B - A kind of cradle-type processing platform of 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe - Google Patents

A kind of cradle-type processing platform of 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104002146B
CN104002146B CN201410259190.9A CN201410259190A CN104002146B CN 104002146 B CN104002146 B CN 104002146B CN 201410259190 A CN201410259190 A CN 201410259190A CN 104002146 B CN104002146 B CN 104002146B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axle
described
frame
connecting rod
axis
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CN201410259190.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104002146A (en
Inventor
王勇
李军强
李晓天
夏炜康
唐凯军
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浙江理工大学
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Priority to CN201410259190.9A priority Critical patent/CN104002146B/en
Publication of CN104002146A publication Critical patent/CN104002146A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104002146B publication Critical patent/CN104002146B/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to the cradle-type processing platform of a kind of 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe, this processing platform includes frame, A axle telecontrol equipment and C axle telecontrol equipment, described A axle telecontrol equipment includes two pieces of A axle frames, optical axis, upset fixed plate, A shaft step motor, described C axle telecontrol equipment includes C shaft step motor, C axle motor seat and rotating disk, the centre of described upset fixed plate is provided with rotation mouth, rotating disk is movably arranged in rotation mouth, C axle motor seat is fixedly installed on the lower section of upset fixed plate, C shaft step motor is fixed on C axle motor seat, C shaft step motor is connected with rotating disk.Due to the fact that and have employed above-mentioned technical scheme, this device has simple in construction, good stability, feature efficiently of moving.

Description

A kind of cradle-type processing platform of 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of machine tool, particularly relate to the cradle-type processing platform of a kind of 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe.

Background technology

5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe is a kind of high in technological content, high lathe being specifically designed to processed complex curved surface of precision, and this machine tool system has very important influence power to a national Aeronautics and Astronautics, military affairs, scientific research, precision instruments, high-precision Medical Devices etc. industry.At present, 5-shaft linkage numerical control machine tool system is to solve impeller, blade, marine propeller, the only resource of heavy generator amature, turbine rotor, large-sized diesel machine crankshaft etc. processing.

Chinese invention patent application (application number: 201310164508.0 applyings date: 2013-05-07) discloses a kind of five-axle number control machine tool, including lathe bed, cradle-type workbench, the first side chain, the second side chain, the 3rd side chain, column, crossbeam, main shaft frame and electro spindle;Described first side chain and described second side chain are arranged in same level, form two-degree-of-freedom parallel mechanism, and the stretching motion of described first side chain and the second side chain controls electro spindle feed motion in horizontal plane;3rd side chain vertical is arranged, and its stretching motion controls the feed motion of electro spindle in the vertical direction;Two-freedom cradle-type workbench can control the attitude of workpiece.Lathe is combined driving by five driving means and is realized work pieces process, i.e. realizes five-axle linkage processing.

Chinese utility model patent (application number: 201020521377.9 applyings date: 2010-09-08) is disclosed five-axle linkage milling head parts and is connected with vertical longitudinal slide unit by collar bush, five-axle linkage milling head rebound, collar bush connects main shaft, worm gear is installed set and is fixed on main shaft and is connected with the worm gear in upper worm gear case, the worm screw engaged with worm gear is connected with the servomotor being fixed on worm gear case, worm screw setting-up eccentricity set, the right of casing is connected dextral shaft and is fixed with the worm gear in lower worm gear case by worm gear installation set, and lower worm gear case is arranged on right plate.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide the cradle-type processing platform of a kind of 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe, this device has simple in construction, good stability, feature efficiently of moving.

In order to realize above-mentioned purpose, present invention employs following technical scheme:

A kind of cradle-type processing platform of 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe, this processing platform includes frame, A axle telecontrol equipment and C axle telecontrol equipment, described A axle telecontrol equipment is arranged on the bottom of frame, it is respectively arranged with light shaft stool in frame two bottom sides, described A axle telecontrol equipment includes two pieces of A axle frames, optical axis, upset fixed plate, A shaft step motor, two pieces of A axle frames are erected at a left side, bottom for frame, right both sides, it is respectively arranged with optical axis in two pieces of A axle frames, upset fixed plate is arranged in the middle of two pieces of A axle frames, two described optical axises are separately positioned in the axis hole of light shaft stool;Being provided with synchronous pulley on one optical axis in left side, described A shaft step motor is fixedly installed in frame, and A shaft step motor is provided with synchronous pulley, and two synchronous pulleys are connected by Timing Belt;Described C axle telecontrol equipment includes C shaft step motor, C axle motor seat and rotating disk, the centre of described upset fixed plate is provided with rotation mouth, rotating disk is movably arranged in rotation mouth, C axle motor seat is fixedly installed on the lower section of upset fixed plate, C shaft step motor is fixed on C axle motor seat, and C shaft step motor is connected with rotating disk.

As preferably, described frame includes that four root posts and seven connecting rods are constituted, four connecting rods are arranged on the bottom of four root posts, another three connecting rods are arranged on the top of the left side of four root posts, right side and rear side, it is also respectively provided with reinforcing prop between upper and lower connecting rod between two root posts of arranged on left and right sides, being provided with transverse connecting rod between two reinforcing props, between column with connecting rod, connecting rod is connected with arranging corner brace connector respectively with between reinforcing prop, reinforcing prop and transverse connecting rod;Described Y-axis guide rail is separately positioned in the connecting rod above left side and right side.

As preferably, the top of described transverse connecting rod is provided with dust cover, and the rear portion of transverse connecting rod arranges baffle plate, dust cover and baffle plate and forms control components and parts installing space at the rear side of frame.

As preferably, described four root posts, five connecting rods, reinforcing prop and transverse connecting rod all use 3030 industrial aluminum profiles.Use aluminium section bar to build and there is aluminium section bar lighter in weight, the quality of body can be alleviated, and easily build, assemble, there is after building certain stability and rigidity, it is possible to meet the requirement of cylinder block strength.

As preferably, the bottom of described frame is provided with leg.

Due to the fact that and have employed above-mentioned technical scheme, this device has simple in construction, good stability, feature efficiently of moving.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the front view of 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 left view.

Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of frame.

Fig. 5 is Z axis telecontrol equipment, the structural representation of tool motion device.

Fig. 6 is A axle telecontrol equipment and the structural representation of C axle telecontrol equipment.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the detailed description of the invention of the present invention is made a detailed explanation.

5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe as shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 3, this lathe includes frame 1, X-axis telecontrol equipment 2, Y-axis telecontrol equipment 3, Z axis telecontrol equipment 4, tool motion device 5, A axle telecontrol equipment 6 and C axle telecontrol equipment 7.

As shown in Figure 4, described frame 1 includes that four root posts 11 and seven connecting rods 12 are constituted, four connecting rods 12 are arranged on the bottom of four root posts 11, another three connecting rods 12 are arranged on the top of left side, right side and the rear side of four root posts 11, it is also respectively provided with reinforcing prop 13 between upper and lower connecting rod 12 between two root posts 11 of arranged on left and right sides, being provided with transverse connecting rod 14 between two reinforcing props 13, between column 11 with connecting rod 12, connecting rod 12 is connected with arranging corner brace connector 15 respectively with between reinforcing prop, reinforcing prop and transverse connecting rod 14.The top of transverse connecting rod 12 is provided with dust cover 18, and the rear portion of transverse connecting rod 12 arranges baffle plate 19, dust cover 18 and baffle plate 19 and forms control components and parts installing space 17 at the rear side of frame 1.Described 11, five connecting rods 12 of four root posts, reinforcing prop and transverse connecting rod 12 all use 3030 industrial aluminum profiles.The bottom of frame 1 is provided with leg 16.Use aluminium section bar to build and there is aluminium section bar lighter in weight, the quality of body can be alleviated, and easily build, assemble, there is after building certain stability and rigidity, it is possible to meet the requirement of cylinder block strength.

As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 3, the connecting rod 12 above on the left of described frame 1 and right side being respectively arranged with Y-axis guide rail 30, Y-axis guide rail 30 uses circular guideway.nullDescribed Y-axis telecontrol equipment 3 includes Y-axis frame 31、Two Y-axis screw mandrels 32、Y-axis stepper motor 33 and y-axis motor seat 34,The both sides, lower section of Y-axis frame 31 are respectively arranged with Y-axis guide-track groove,Y-axis guide-track groove is respectively mounted and is arranged on Y-axis guide rail 30,Two Y-axis screw mandrels 32 are respectively erected in the outside of two Y-axis guide rails 30,And the Y-axis screw mandrel slide block suitable with Y-axis screw mandrel 32 it is respectively arranged with in the both sides of Y-axis frame 31,Described y-axis motor seat 34 is arranged on the right side of frame,Y-axis stepper motor 33 is fixedly installed on y-axis motor seat 34,The two ends of y-axis stepper motor 33 are respectively provided with motor shaft,The motor shaft of one end is connected with right Y-axis screw mandrel 32 by shaft coupling,The motor shaft of the other end is connected with synchronizing jugged belt wheel,And on the Y-axis screw mandrel 32 in left side, it is provided with synchronizing jugged belt wheel,By arranging synchronizing jugged belt wheel 35, two synchronizing jugged belt wheels are connected.

As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 3, described Y-axis frame 31 is made up of 311, two pieces of gantry base plates 312 of two blocks of gusseted plates, gantry backboard 313 and reinforcing plate 314, two blocks of gusseted plates 311 are respectively fixedly disposed at the both sides of gantry backboard 313, two pieces of gantry base plates 312 are separately positioned on the bottom of two blocks of gusseted plates 311, and connect two blocks of gusseted plates 311 and two pieces of gantry base plates 312 by described reinforcing plate 314;Above-mentioned structure is the scope that driven portal structure can increase processing on the premise of improving machining accuracy, improves stability and the reliability of lathe simultaneously.And on two pieces of gantry base plates 312, it being respectively provided with side connecting plate 315, described Y-axis screw mandrel slide block is fixedly installed on side connecting plate 315.

As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 3, described Y-axis frame 31 gantry backboard 313 being provided with two X-axis guide rails 20, X-axis guide rail 20 uses circular guideway.Described X-axis guide rail 20 is arranged on gantry backboard 313.Described X-axis telecontrol equipment 2 includes that X-axis fixes seat 21, X-axis screw mandrel 22, X-axis stepper motor 23 and X-axis motor cabinet 24, X-axis is fixed the rear side of seat 21 and is provided with two X-axis guide rail 20 grooves, X-axis guide rail 20 groove is respectively mounted and is arranged on X-axis guide rail 20, X-axis screw mandrel 22 is erected in Y-axis frame 31, and fix in X-axis and on seat 21, to be provided with X-axis screw mandrel 22 slide block suitable with X-axis screw mandrel 22, described X-axis motor cabinet 24 is arranged on the right side of Y-axis frame 31, X-axis stepper motor 23 is fixedly installed on X-axis motor cabinet 24, X-axis stepper motor 23 is connected with X-axis screw mandrel 22 by shaft coupling.

As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 5, described X-axis is fixed seat 21 and is included backboard 211, upper head plate 212 and lower shoe 213, and X-axis is fixed and is provided with two Z axis guide rails 40 on the backboard 211 of seat 21, and Z axis guide rail 40 uses circular guideway.Described Z axis telecontrol equipment 4 includes that Z axis fixes seat 41, Z axis screw mandrel 42, Z axis stepper motor 43 and Z axis motor cabinet 44, Z axis is fixed the rear side of seat 41 and is provided with two Z axis guide-track grooves, Z axis guide-track groove is respectively mounted and is arranged on Z axis guide rail 40, Z axis screw mandrel 42 is erected at X-axis and fixes on seat 21, and fix at Z axis and on seat 41, to be provided with the Z axis screw mandrel slide block suitable with Z axis screw mandrel 42, described Z axis motor cabinet 44 is arranged on X-axis and fixes on the upper head plate 212 of seat 21, Z axis stepper motor 43 is fixedly installed on Z axis motor cabinet 44, Z axis stepper motor 43 is connected with Z axis screw mandrel 42 by shaft coupling.

As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 5, described Z axis is fixed seat 41 and is included seat board 411 and motor fixture 412, described tool motion device 5 includes cutter motor 51, fixture 52 and cutter 53, motor fixture 412 is fixedly installed on seat board 411, and described cutter motor 51 is fixedly installed on motor fixture 412.

As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 6, described A axle telecontrol equipment 6 is arranged on the bottom of frame 1, it is respectively arranged with light shaft stool 62 in frame 1 two bottom sides, described A axle telecontrol equipment 6 includes two pieces of A axle frames 61, optical axis 63, upset fixed plate 64, A shaft step motor 65, two pieces of A axle frames 61 are erected at the bottom arranged on left and right sides of frame 1, it is respectively provided with described optical axis 63 in two pieces of A axle frames 61, upset fixed plate 64 is arranged in the middle of two pieces of A axle frames 61, and two described optical axises 63 are separately positioned in the axis hole of light shaft stool 62;Being provided with synchronous pulley on one optical axis 63 in left side, described A shaft step motor is fixedly installed in frame 1, A shaft step motor 65 is provided with synchronous pulley, and two synchronous pulleys are connected by Timing Belt 66.

As shown in Figure 6, described C axle telecontrol equipment 7 includes C shaft step motor 72, C axle motor seat and rotating disk 71, the centre of described upset fixed plate 64 is provided with rotation mouth 73, rotating disk 71 is movably arranged in rotation mouth 73, C axle motor seat is fixedly installed on the lower section of upset fixed plate 64, C shaft step motor 72 is fixed on C axle motor seat, and C shaft step motor 72 is connected with rotating disk 71.

Claims (2)

1. the cradle-type processing platform of a 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe, it is characterized in that: this processing platform includes frame, A axle telecontrol equipment and C axle telecontrol equipment, described A axle telecontrol equipment is arranged on the bottom of frame, it is respectively arranged with light shaft stool in frame two bottom sides, described A axle telecontrol equipment includes two pieces of A axle frames, optical axis, upset fixed plate, A shaft step motor, left in the bottom of frame, right both sides have respectively set up one piece of A axle frame, it is each provided with an optical axis in two pieces of A axle frames, upset fixed plate is arranged in the middle of two pieces of A axle frames, two described optical axises are separately positioned in the axis hole of light shaft stool;Being provided with synchronous pulley on one optical axis in left side, described A shaft step motor is fixedly installed in frame, and A shaft step motor is provided with synchronous pulley, and two synchronous pulleys are connected by Timing Belt;Described C axle telecontrol equipment includes C shaft step motor, C axle motor seat and rotating disk, the centre of described upset fixed plate is provided with rotation mouth, rotating disk is movably arranged in rotation mouth, C axle motor seat is fixedly installed on the lower section of upset fixed plate, C shaft step motor is fixed on C axle motor seat, and C shaft step motor is connected with rotating disk;Described frame includes that four root posts and seven connecting rods are constituted, four connecting rods are arranged on the bottom of four root posts, another three connecting rods are arranged on the top in the left side of four root posts, the top on right side and the top of rear side, upper between two root posts in left side, reinforcing prop it is provided with between lower connecting rod, upper between two root posts on right side, reinforcing prop it is provided with between lower connecting rod, it is provided with transverse connecting rod between two reinforcing props, between column and connecting rod, between connecting rod and reinforcing prop, it is connected by arranging corner brace connector respectively between reinforcing prop with transverse connecting rod;It is respectively arranged with Y-axis guide rail in connecting rod above left side and above right side;The top of transverse connecting rod is provided with dust cover, and the rear portion of transverse connecting rod arranges baffle plate, dust cover and baffle plate and forms control components and parts installing space at the rear side of frame;The bottom of frame is provided with leg.
The cradle-type processing platform of a kind of 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: four root posts, seven connecting rods, reinforcing prop and transverse connecting rod all use 3030 industrial aluminum profiles.
CN201410259190.9A 2014-06-11 2014-06-11 A kind of cradle-type processing platform of 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe CN104002146B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410259190.9A CN104002146B (en) 2014-06-11 2014-06-11 A kind of cradle-type processing platform of 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410259190.9A CN104002146B (en) 2014-06-11 2014-06-11 A kind of cradle-type processing platform of 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe

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CN104002146B true CN104002146B (en) 2016-08-24

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CN106334948B (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-09-28 沈阳优尼斯智能装备有限公司 A kind of manufacturing method of the five axis rocker of cradle-type of monoblock cast aluminium
CN107891310A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-04-10 首都航天机械公司 One kind is based on multistation manufacture system device under single clamping

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US4936559A (en) * 1988-11-18 1990-06-26 Antonio Diaz Torga Indexing work-piece holder for numerically-controlled machine tools
CN201823983U (en) * 2010-09-08 2011-05-11 南京宁庆数控机床制造有限公司 Gantry five-axis linkage numerical control machining tool
CN202527932U (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-11-14 沈阳第一机床厂 Turning and grinding center of machine tool
CN102632422B (en) * 2012-03-29 2014-05-28 重庆大学 Small high-speed five-axis linkage machine tool
CN203077028U (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-07-24 天水星火机床有限责任公司 Cradle-type cone grinding device
CN103273329B (en) * 2013-05-07 2015-06-17 天津大学 Five-axis numerical control machine tool
CN203254658U (en) * 2013-05-18 2013-10-30 盛子望 Five-axial ultrasonic plastic welding machine
CN204171691U (en) * 2014-06-11 2015-02-25 浙江理工大学 A kind of cradle-type processing platform of 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe

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C10 Entry into substantive examination
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Wang Yong

Inventor after: Li Junqiang

Inventor after: Li Xiaotian

Inventor after: Xia Weikang

Inventor after: Tang Kaijun

Inventor before: Li Junqiang

Inventor before: Wang Yong

Inventor before: Li Xiaotian

Inventor before: Xia Weikang

Inventor before: Tang Kaijun

COR Change of bibliographic data
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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160824

Termination date: 20170611

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee