CN103935340B - A kind of structure improved automobile - Google Patents

A kind of structure improved automobile Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103935340B
CN103935340B CN201410162923.7A CN201410162923A CN103935340B CN 103935340 B CN103935340 B CN 103935340B CN 201410162923 A CN201410162923 A CN 201410162923A CN 103935340 B CN103935340 B CN 103935340B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
ring
axle
gear
automobile
brake
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410162923.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103935340A (en
Inventor
李素凤
Original Assignee
李素凤
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 李素凤 filed Critical 李素凤
Priority to CN201410162923.7A priority Critical patent/CN103935340B/en
Publication of CN103935340A publication Critical patent/CN103935340A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103935340B publication Critical patent/CN103935340B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of structure improved automobile, belong to automobile technical field. It solve the technical problems such as existing vehicle safety is relatively low. This structure improved automobile includes a vehicle frame; vehicle frame lower end is connected to two front-wheels and two trailing wheels; vehicle frame upper end is provided with some back seats; it is connected to connection axle between two trailing wheels; trailing wheel be connected between axle and connected by bearing; trailing wheel be connected between axle and be provided with brake structure; trailing wheel be connected between axle to be provided with the band when rear service brake and be dynamically connected the drive mechanism that the opposite direction of axial trailing wheel rotates, connect and between axle and back seat, be provided with the occupant protection structure that drive back seat overturns to automobile rear when being connected axle and rotating. The present invention has safety advantages of higher.

Description

A kind of structure improved automobile

Technical field

The invention belongs to automobile technical field, relate to a kind of structure improved automobile.

Background technology

Automobile is that people go on a journey the vehicles ridden instead of walk, and traffic safety is the key subjects of society's common concern, and in recent years, vehicle accident remains high, and causes very negative effect to society.

One of them main major reason that automobile has an accident is when there is emergency; braking distance farther out, human body when being subject to braking inertia force effect clash into; cause casualties; although seat belt, air bag etc. can reduce human body injuries when accident occurs to a certain extent as the device of protection human body; but, appoint and so can not reach good effect.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to the problems referred to above existed for existing technology, it is provided that a kind of structure improved automobile, the technical problem to be solved is to improve the safety of automobile.

The purpose of the present invention can be realized by following technical proposal: a kind of structure improved automobile, it is characterized in that, this structure improved automobile includes a vehicle frame, described vehicle frame lower end is connected to two front-wheels and two trailing wheels, described vehicle frame upper end is provided with some back seats, it is connected to connection axle between two described trailing wheels, described trailing wheel be connected between axle and connected by bearing, described trailing wheel be connected between axle and be provided with brake structure, described trailing wheel be connected between axle to be provided with the band when rear service brake and be dynamically connected the drive mechanism that the opposite direction of axial trailing wheel rotates, the occupant protection structure driving back seat to overturn when being connected axle and rotating it is provided with to automobile rear between described connection axle and back seat.

This automobile is front wheel drive type automobile, and trailing wheel is passive swiveling wheel, and when automobile normal running, trailing wheel rotates relative to connecting axle, connects axle and does not rotate; When being in deceleration regime and emergency brake state at automobile; driver starts the brake structure of this automobile; make generation resistance between connection axle and trailing wheel, meanwhile, pass through drive mechanism; make trailing wheel band be dynamically connected axial trailing wheel opposite direction rotate; namely connect the rotation of axial car reversed, connect axle as power resources, by occupant protection structure; the back seat of driving automobile overturns to the rear of automobile, thus passenger is played a protective role.

In the above-mentioned structure improved automobile of one, described brake structure includes being set in the electromagnetic clutch connected on axle, the inner ring of described electromagnetic clutch is connected the fixing connection of axle with described, on the outer ring of described electromagnetic clutch, fixed cover is provided with a brake sleeve, described brake sleeve is arranged with a master gear, described master gear has oval-shaped cavity, the outer surface ovalize of described brake sleeve, and the short axle of the inner chamber of described master gear is shorter than the major axis of the outer surface of brake sleeve. When automobile needs to brake, operator electromagnetic clutch, the inner ring and the outer ring that make electromagnetic clutch combine, so that brake sleeve rotates relative to master gear, the outer surface ovalize of brake sleeve, the inner chamber of master gear also ovalize, and the short axle of the inner chamber of master gear is less than the major axis of the outer surface of brake sleeve, brake sleeve can hinder master gear to rotate, thus trailing wheel is braked.

In the above-mentioned structure improved automobile of one, the outer surface of described brake sleeve is provided with rubber detent layer. The outer surface of brake sleeve is provided with rubber detent layer, the short axle of the inner chamber of master gear is only slightly less than the major axis of the outer surface of brake sleeve, can pass through to rub and extrude rubber detent layer between the two to realize rotating against, brake layer by friction rubber and absorb braking energy, relax brake force.

In the above-mentioned structure improved automobile of one, the side of described master gear has a back-up ring one, and the side of described brake sleeve has back-up ring two, and described back-up ring one and back-up ring two are in the same side, are connected to bearing between described back-up ring one and back-up ring two. Connected by bearing between master gear and brake sleeve, it is ensured that the intensity that trailing wheel is overall, do not affect again the relative motion between brake sleeve and master gear.

In the above-mentioned structure improved automobile of one, described trailing wheel includes wheel hub inner ring and wheel hub outer ring, is uniformly connected to spoke between described wheel hub inner ring and wheel hub outer ring, and the outer surface of described wheel hub outer ring is arranged with tire.

In the above-mentioned structure improved automobile of one, described drive mechanism includes several planetary gears, in described wheel hub inner ring, there is a pelvic cavity, the medial wall of described pelvic cavity has a ring gear, each described planetary gear is connected with wheel hub inner ring by a short axle and is positioned at pelvic cavity, and described planetary gear engages with master gear and ring gear simultaneously. Master gear rotarily drives planetary gear and rotates, and planetary gear drives ring gear to rotate, otherwise, the opposite direction of main teeth directional trailing wheel direction of rotation can be driven when trailing wheel passively rotates to rotate; Thus can band is dynamically connected axially and rear wheel is in opposite direction direction rotating when automobile brake.

In the above-mentioned structure improved automobile of one; described connection axle is provided with contiguous block; the upper end of described contiguous block is fixing with vehicle frame to be connected; described contiguous block be connected between axle and connected by bearing; described occupant protection structure include being fixedly installed on connection axle and with back seat gear one one to one; described connection axle is fixedly installed gear two; described gear one engages with gear two; described vehicle frame offers the through hole being positioned at back seat lower end; the lower end of described back seat is fixedly installed a tooth fan, and described tooth fan engages with described gear two. Connect axle to when rotating with trailing wheel opposite direction, driven gear one rotates, gear one driven gear two rotates, gear two drives tooth fan to rotate to the direction identical with gear one, rotarily driving of tooth fan overturns to the rear of automobile with the fixing back seat being connected of tooth fan, thus avoiding automobile to injure passenger after brake during brake hard.

In the above-mentioned structure improved automobile of one, described vehicle frame being fixedly installed a rotating shaft, described rotating shaft is plugged on described tooth fan. Back seat is connected with vehicle frame by rotating shaft.

In the above-mentioned structure improved automobile of one, described back seat has two.

Compared with prior art, the invention have the advantages that

1, this automobile is front wheel drive type automobile, and trailing wheel is passive swiveling wheel, and when automobile normal running, trailing wheel rotates relative to connecting axle, connects axle and does not rotate; When being in deceleration regime and emergency brake state at automobile; driver starts the brake structure of this automobile; make generation resistance between connection axle and trailing wheel, meanwhile, pass through drive mechanism; make trailing wheel band be dynamically connected axial trailing wheel opposite direction rotate; namely connect the rotation of axial car reversed, connect axle as power resources, by occupant protection structure; the back seat of driving automobile overturns to the rear of automobile, thus passenger is played a protective role.

2, it is provided with more structure in the trailing wheel of this automobile, increases the weight of trailing wheel, improve the stability of automobile.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of this automobile.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation after removing vehicle frame in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the vehicle frame of this automobile.

Fig. 4 is the sectional view of trailing wheel in this automobile.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of brake structure in this automobile.

Fig. 6 is the sectional view in Fig. 5 on A direction.

In figure, 11, vehicle frame; 12, front-wheel; 13, trailing wheel; 14, back seat; 15, axle is connected; 21, electromagnetic clutch; 22, brake sleeve; 23, master gear; 24, back-up ring one; 25, back-up ring two; 31, wheel hub inner ring; 32, wheel hub outer ring; 33, contiguous block; 34, gear one; 35, gear two; 36, tooth fan; 37, through hole; 4, rotating shaft; 51, planetary gear; 52, ring gear.

Detailed description of the invention

The following is specific embodiments of the invention and in conjunction with accompanying drawing, technical scheme is further described, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.

As shown in Figure 1, this structure improved automobile includes a vehicle frame 11, vehicle frame 11 lower end is connected to two front-wheels 12 and two trailing wheels 13, vehicle frame 11 upper end is provided with two back seats 14, connection axle 15 it is connected between two trailing wheels 13, trailing wheel 13 be connected between axle 15 and connected by bearing, trailing wheel 13 be connected between axle 15 and be provided with brake structure, trailing wheel 13 be connected between axle 15 to be provided with the band when trailing wheel 13 is braked and be dynamically connected the drive mechanism that the opposite direction of axle 15 rear wheel 13 rotates, connect and between axle 15 and back seat 14, be provided with the occupant protection structure that drive back seat 14 overturns to automobile rear when being connected axle 15 and rotating.

This automobile is front-wheel 12 drive-type automobile, and trailing wheel 13 is passive swiveling wheel, and when automobile normal running, trailing wheel 13 rotates relative to connecting axle 15, connects axle 15 and does not rotate; When being in deceleration regime and emergency brake state at automobile; driver starts the brake structure of this automobile; make generation resistance between connection axle 15 and trailing wheel 13, meanwhile, pass through drive mechanism; make trailing wheel 13 band be dynamically connected axle 15 rear wheel 13 opposite direction rotate; namely connect the axle 15 rotation to car reversed, connect axle 15 as power resources, by occupant protection structure; the back seat 14 of driving automobile overturns to the rear of automobile, thus passenger is played a protective role.

As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, brake structure includes being set in the electromagnetic clutch 21 connected on axle 15, the inner ring of electromagnetic clutch 21 fixes connection with being connected axle 15, on the outer ring of electromagnetic clutch 21, fixed cover is provided with a brake sleeve 22, brake sleeve 22 is arranged with a master gear 23, master gear 23 has oval-shaped cavity, the outer surface ovalize of brake sleeve 22, the short axle of the inner chamber of master gear 23 is shorter than the major axis of the outer surface of brake sleeve 22, when automobile needs to brake, operator electromagnetic clutch 21, the inner ring and the outer ring that make electromagnetic clutch 21 combine, so that brake sleeve 22 rotates relative to master gear 23, the outer surface ovalize of brake sleeve 22, the inner chamber of master gear 23 also ovalize, and the short axle of the inner chamber of master gear 23 is less than the major axis of the outer surface of brake sleeve 22, brake sleeve 22 can hinder master gear 23 to rotate, thus trailing wheel 13 is braked, the outer surface of brake sleeve 22 is provided with rubber detent layer, the outer surface of brake sleeve 22 is provided with rubber detent layer, the short axle of the inner chamber of master gear 23 is only slightly less than the major axis of the outer surface of brake sleeve 22, can pass through to rub and extrude rubber detent layer between the two to realize rotating against, brake layer by friction rubber and absorb braking energy, relax brake force.

As shown in Figure 6, the side of master gear 23 has a back-up ring 1, the side of brake sleeve 22 has back-up ring 2 25, back-up ring 1 and back-up ring 2 25 are in the same side, it is connected to bearing between back-up ring 1 and back-up ring 2 25, connected by bearing between master gear 23 and brake sleeve 22, it is ensured that the intensity of trailing wheel 13 entirety, do not affect again the relative motion between brake sleeve 22 and master gear 23.

As shown in Figure 4, trailing wheel 13 includes wheel hub inner ring 31 and wheel hub outer ring 32, spoke uniformly it is connected between wheel hub inner ring 31 and wheel hub outer ring 32, the outer surface of wheel hub outer ring 32 is arranged with tire, drive mechanism includes several planetary gears 51, there is in wheel hub inner ring 31 pelvic cavity, the medial wall of pelvic cavity has a ring gear 52, each planetary gear 51 is connected with wheel hub inner ring 31 by a short axle and is positioned at pelvic cavity, planetary gear 51 engages with master gear 23 and ring gear 52 simultaneously, master gear 23 rotarily drives planetary gear 51 and rotates, planetary gear 51 drives ring gear 52 to rotate, otherwise, trailing wheel 13 can drive the opposite direction of main teeth directional trailing wheel 13 direction of rotation to rotate when passively rotating, thus when automobile brake can band be dynamically connected axle 15 to trailing wheel 13 rotation direction opposite direction rotate.

As shown in Figures 2 and 3, connect and axle 15 is provided with contiguous block 33, the upper end of contiguous block 33 is fixing with vehicle frame 11 to be connected, contiguous block 33 be connected between axle 15 and connected by bearing, occupant protection structure include being fixedly installed on connection axle 15 and with back seat 14 gear 1 one to one, connect and axle 15 is fixedly installed gear 2 35, gear 1 engages with gear 2 35, vehicle frame 11 offers the through hole 37 being positioned at back seat 14 lower end, the lower end of back seat 14 is fixedly installed a tooth fan 36, tooth fan 36 engages with gear 2 35, connect axle 15 to when rotating with trailing wheel 13 opposite direction, driven gear 1 rotates, gear 1 driven gear 2 35 rotates, gear 2 35 drives tooth fan 36 to rotate to the direction identical with gear 1, rotarily driving of tooth fan 36 overturns to the rear of automobile with the fixing back seats 14 being connected of tooth fan 36, thus avoiding automobile to injure passenger after brake during brake hard, vehicle frame 11 is fixedly installed a rotating shaft 4, rotating shaft 4 is plugged on tooth fan 36, back seat 14 is connected with vehicle frame 11 by rotating shaft 4.

Specific embodiment described herein is only to present invention spirit explanation for example. Described specific embodiment can be made various amendment or supplements or adopt similar mode to substitute by those skilled in the art, but without departing from the spirit of the present invention or surmount the scope that appended claims is defined.

Claims (7)

1. a structure improved automobile, it is characterized in that, this structure improved automobile includes a vehicle frame (11), described vehicle frame (11) lower end is connected to two front-wheels (12) and two trailing wheels (13), described vehicle frame (11) upper end is provided with some back seats (14), connection axle (15) it is connected between two described trailing wheels (13), described trailing wheel (13) be connected between axle (15) and connected by bearing, described trailing wheel (13) be connected between axle (15) and be provided with brake structure, described trailing wheel (13) be connected between axle (15) to be provided with the band when trailing wheel (13) is braked and be dynamically connected the drive mechanism that the opposite direction of axle (15) rear wheel (13) rotates, the occupant protection structure driving back seat (14) to overturn when being connected axle (15) and rotating it is provided with to automobile rear between described connection axle (15) and back seat (14), described brake structure includes being set in the electromagnetic clutch (21) connected on axle (15), the inner ring of described electromagnetic clutch (21) is connected the fixing connection of axle (15) with described, on the outer ring of described electromagnetic clutch (21), fixed cover is provided with a brake sleeve (22), described brake sleeve (22) is arranged with a master gear (23), described master gear (23) has oval-shaped cavity, the outer surface ovalize of described brake sleeve (22), the short axle of the inner chamber of described master gear (23) is shorter than the major axis of the outer surface of brake sleeve (22), the outer surface of described brake sleeve (22) is provided with rubber detent layer.
2. structure improved automobile according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the side of described master gear (23) has a back-up ring one (24), the side of described brake sleeve (22) has back-up ring two (25), described back-up ring one (24) and back-up ring two (25) are in the same side, are connected to bearing between described back-up ring one (24) and back-up ring two (25).
3. structure improved automobile according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described trailing wheel (13) includes wheel hub inner ring (31) and wheel hub outer ring (32), uniformly being connected to spoke between described wheel hub inner ring (31) and wheel hub outer ring (32), the outer surface of described wheel hub outer ring (32) is arranged with tire.
4. structure improved automobile according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described drive mechanism includes several planetary gears (51), in described wheel hub inner ring (31), there is a pelvic cavity, the medial wall of described pelvic cavity has a ring gear (52), each described planetary gear (51) is connected with wheel hub inner ring (31) by a short axle and is positioned at pelvic cavity, and described planetary gear (51) engages with master gear (23) and ring gear (52) simultaneously.
5. structure improved automobile according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described connection axle (15) is provided with contiguous block (33), the upper end of described contiguous block (33) is fixing with vehicle frame (11) to be connected, described contiguous block (33) be connected between axle (15) and connected by bearing, described occupant protection structure include being fixedly installed on connection axle (15) upper and with back seat (14) gear one (34) one to one, described connection axle (15) is fixedly installed gear two (35), described gear one (34) engages with gear two (35), described vehicle frame (11) offers the through hole (37) being positioned at back seat (14) lower end, the lower end of described back seat (14) is fixedly installed tooth fan (36), described tooth fan (36) engages with described gear two (35).
6. structure improved automobile according to claim 5, it is characterised in that be fixedly installed a rotating shaft (4) on described vehicle frame (11), described rotating shaft (4) is plugged on described tooth fan (36).
7. structure improved automobile according to claim 6, it is characterised in that described back seat (14) has two.
CN201410162923.7A 2014-04-22 2014-04-22 A kind of structure improved automobile CN103935340B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410162923.7A CN103935340B (en) 2014-04-22 2014-04-22 A kind of structure improved automobile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410162923.7A CN103935340B (en) 2014-04-22 2014-04-22 A kind of structure improved automobile

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103935340A CN103935340A (en) 2014-07-23
CN103935340B true CN103935340B (en) 2016-06-15

Family

ID=51183304

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410162923.7A CN103935340B (en) 2014-04-22 2014-04-22 A kind of structure improved automobile

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103935340B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106414225B (en) * 2015-08-20 2019-02-26 罗春晖 A kind of electric unicycle with miscellaneous function

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1867503A1 (en) * 2006-06-14 2007-12-19 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Device for changing distance between wheel and vehicle body, and system including the device
CN202428992U (en) * 2012-01-17 2012-09-12 杭州汇丰车桥有限公司 Rear drive axle for agricultural vehicle
CN202986930U (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-06-12 陈建生 Multipurpose vehicle
CN203844639U (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-09-24 陈泓翰 Car

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1867503A1 (en) * 2006-06-14 2007-12-19 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Device for changing distance between wheel and vehicle body, and system including the device
CN202428992U (en) * 2012-01-17 2012-09-12 杭州汇丰车桥有限公司 Rear drive axle for agricultural vehicle
CN202986930U (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-06-12 陈建生 Multipurpose vehicle
CN203844639U (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-09-24 陈泓翰 Car

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103935340A (en) 2014-07-23

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US8230961B2 (en) Energy recovery systems for vehicles and wheels comprising the same
EP2451667B1 (en) Propulsion device for automobile with portal axle comprising an electrical machine
US7134517B1 (en) Dual electric motor four wheel drive personnel carrier
ES2305925T3 (en) VEHICLE OF THE TYPE OF MOUNTING CHAIR.
US20090101425A1 (en) Ground Interface for a Vehicle
JP4965131B2 (en) In-wheel motor
US20090093931A1 (en) Steering control device and electrically powered vehicle
KR101707160B1 (en) In-wheel working device
CN203995680U (en) The Dual-motors Driving retarder of pure electric automobile
CN104220326A (en) Gearing system for a dual-powered bicycle
CN205632082U (en) Integrated form electric drive axle
JP5766797B2 (en) Electric hub with electric traction unit
KR20080000392A (en) Driving system
JP4715507B2 (en) Left / right driving force distribution device
JPH03109126A (en) Electric automobile using fuel battery
CN203864412U (en) Dual-motor single-planet-row pure motor automobile driving device
CN104822585A (en) Electric assist device for a bicycle and electrically assisted bicycle provided with such a device
CN101259852B (en) Aeration automobile
CN100582523C (en) Front speed reducer assembly of micro-car
CN105539688B (en) A kind of vehicle frame and its guide rail scaling electric car
EP2610073A3 (en) Non-pneumatic tire
EP2644415B1 (en) Electric vehicle
CN202441770U (en) Brake of vehicle electronic parking brake system
JP2010190286A (en) Driving force distributing mechanism for differential gear
EP2969719A1 (en) Three-wheeled vehicle

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
COR Change of bibliographic data
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Li Sufeng

Inventor before: Sun Qinli

TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20160512

Address after: Taizhou City, Zhejiang province Jiaojiang District 318000 chapter on the streets in Cypress Village Sanju No. 6

Applicant after: Li Sufeng

Address before: Haining city Jiaxing Yuanhua town red village of Zhejiang province 314417 City home field No. 25

Applicant before: Sun Qinli

C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170123

Address after: 226200 Nantong, Qidong science and Technology Park Hing Hing Road, No. 1

Patentee after: Qidong Xianglong Tourism Development Co. Ltd.

Address before: Taizhou City, Zhejiang province Jiaojiang District 318000 chapter on the streets in Cypress Village Sanju No. 6

Patentee before: Li Sufeng

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160615

Termination date: 20180422

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee