CN103935340A - Automobile with improved structure - Google Patents

Automobile with improved structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103935340A
CN103935340A CN201410162923.7A CN201410162923A CN103935340A CN 103935340 A CN103935340 A CN 103935340A CN 201410162923 A CN201410162923 A CN 201410162923A CN 103935340 A CN103935340 A CN 103935340A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ring
adapter shaft
automobile
gear
brake
Prior art date
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CN201410162923.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103935340B (en
Inventor
孙琴利
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孙琴利
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Application filed by 孙琴利 filed Critical 孙琴利
Priority to CN201410162923.7A priority Critical patent/CN103935340B/en
Publication of CN103935340A publication Critical patent/CN103935340A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103935340B publication Critical patent/CN103935340B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides an automobile with an improved structure, and belongs to the technical field of automobiles. The automobile with the improved structure solves the technical problems that an existing automobile is low in safety performance and the like. The automobile with the improved structure comprises an automobile frame, the lower end of the automobile frame is connected with two front wheels and two rear wheels, the upper end of the automobile frame is provided with a plurality of rear row seats, a connecting shaft is connected between the two rear wheels, each rear wheel and the connecting shaft are connected through a bearing, a brake structure is arranged between each rear wheel and the connecting shaft, a transmission structure is arranged between each rear wheel and the connecting shaft, the transmission structures drive the connecting shaft to rotate in the reverse direction of the rear wheels when the rear wheels brake, and a passenger protection structure is arranged between the connecting shaft and each rear row seat, and the passenger protection structures drive the rear row seats to overturn to the rear of the automobile when the connecting shaft rotates. The automobile with the improved structure has the advantages of being high in safety and the like.

Description

A kind of structure improved automobile

Technical field

The invention belongs to automobile technical field, relate to a kind of structure improved automobile.

Background technology

Automobile is the vehicle that people go on a journey and ride instead of walk, and safety traffic is the key subjects of social common concern, and in recent years, traffic accident is high, to society, causes very passive impact.

One of them main major reason that automobile has an accident is when there is emergency situation; stopping distance is far away, human body while being subject to braking force of inertia effect clash into; cause personal casualty; the injury that when although safety strap, safety air bag etc. to a certain extent can reduction accident occur as the device of protection human body, human body is subject to; but, appoint and so can not reach good effect.

Summary of the invention

The object of the invention is the problems referred to above that exist for existing technology, a kind of structure improved automobile is provided, technical matters to be solved by this invention is the safety that improves automobile.

Object of the present invention can realize by following technical proposal: a kind of structure improved automobile, it is characterized in that, this structure improved automobile comprises a vehicle frame, described vehicle frame lower end is connected with two front-wheels and two trailing wheels, described vehicle frame upper end is provided with some back seats, between two described trailing wheels, be connected with adapter shaft, between described trailing wheel and adapter shaft, by bearing, be connected, between described trailing wheel and adapter shaft, be provided with brake structure, between described trailing wheel and adapter shaft, being provided with when trailing wheel is braked drives adapter shaft to the drive mechanism of the opposite spin of trailing wheel, between described adapter shaft and back seat, be provided with and when adapter shaft rotates, drive back seat to the occupant protection structure of automobile rear upset.

This automobile is front wheel drive type automobile, and trailing wheel is passive revolving wheel, and when automobile normal running, trailing wheel rotates relative to adapter shaft, and adapter shaft does not rotate; At automobile during in deceleration regime and emergency brake state; chaufeur starts the brake structure of this automobile; make to produce resistance between adapter shaft and trailing wheel, meanwhile, pass through drive mechanism; make trailing wheel drive adapter shaft to the opposite spin of trailing wheel; be adapter shaft to the rotation of car reversed, adapter shaft is as power resources, by occupant protection structure; the back seat of driving automobile overturns to the rear of automobile, thereby passenger is played a protective role.

In above-mentioned a kind of structure improved automobile, described brake structure comprises the magnetic clutch being set on adapter shaft, the inner ring of described magnetic clutch is fixedly connected with described adapter shaft, on the outer ring of described magnetic clutch, fixed cover is provided with a brake sleeve, on described brake sleeve, be arranged with a main gear, described main gear has oval-shaped cavity, the outside face ovalize of described brake sleeve, and the minor axis of the inner chamber of described main gear is shorter than the major axis of the outside face of brake sleeve.When automobile need to be braked, driver's operation magnetic clutch, make inner ring and the outer ring combination of magnetic clutch, thereby brake sleeve is rotated relative to main gear, the outside face ovalize of brake sleeve, the inner chamber of main gear is ovalize also, and the minor axis of the inner chamber of main gear is less than the major axis of the outside face of brake sleeve, brake sleeve can hinder main gear rotation, thereby trailing wheel is braked.

In above-mentioned a kind of structure improved automobile, on the outside face of described brake sleeve, be provided with rubber braking layer.On the outside face of brake sleeve, be provided with rubber braking layer, the minor axis of the inner chamber of main gear is just slightly less than the major axis of the outside face of brake sleeve, can, by rubbing and pushing the relative rotation of rubber braking layer realization, by friction rubber braking layer, absorb braking energy, mitigation braking force between the two.

In above-mentioned a kind of structure improved automobile, a side of described main gear has a back-up ring one, and a side of described brake sleeve has back-up ring two, and described back-up ring one and back-up ring two, in the same side, are connected with bearing between described back-up ring one and back-up ring two.Between main gear and brake sleeve, by bearing, connect, guarantee the intensity of trailing wheel integral body, do not affect again the relative motion between brake sleeve and main gear.

In above-mentioned a kind of structure improved automobile, described trailing wheel comprises wheel hub inner ring and wheel hub outer ring, between described wheel hub inner ring and wheel hub outer ring, is evenly connected with spoke, and the outside face of described wheel hub outer ring is arranged with tire.

In above-mentioned a kind of structure improved automobile, described drive mechanism comprises several satellite gears, in described wheel hub inner ring, there is a pelvic cavity, on the madial wall of described pelvic cavity, have and internally toothed annulus, described in each, satellite gear is connected with wheel hub inner ring by a minor axis and is positioned at pelvic cavity, and described satellite gear meshes with main gear and internally toothed annulus simultaneously.Main gear rotarily drives satellite gear rotation, and satellite gear drives internally toothed annulus rotation, otherwise, during the passive rotation of trailing wheel, can drive the opposite spin of main teeth directional trailing wheel hand of rotation; Thereby when automobile brake, can drive adapter shaft to the direction rotation with trailing wheel direction of rotation.

In above-mentioned a kind of structure improved automobile; on described adapter shaft, be provided with contiguous block; the upper end of described contiguous block is fixedly connected with vehicle frame; between described contiguous block and adapter shaft, by bearing, be connected; described occupant protection structure be fixedly installed on adapter shaft and with back seat gear one one to one; on described adapter shaft, be fixedly installed gear two; described gear one and gear two engagements; on described vehicle frame, offer the through hole that is positioned at back seat lower end; the lower end of described back seat is fixedly installed a tooth fan, described tooth fan and described gear two engagements.Adapter shaft is when the direction rotation to contrary with trailing wheel, driven gear one rotation, gear one driven gear two rotations, gear two drives tooth fan to the direction rotation identical with gear one, tooth fan rotarily drive and back seat that tooth fan is fixedly connected with to the rear upset of automobile, thereby avoid automobile after brake, to injure passenger during emergency braking.

In above-mentioned a kind of structure improved automobile, on described vehicle frame, be fixedly installed a rotating shaft, described rotating shaft is plugged on described tooth fan.Back seat is connected with vehicle frame by rotating shaft.

In above-mentioned a kind of structure improved automobile, described back seat has two.

Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:

1, this automobile is front wheel drive type automobile, and trailing wheel is passive revolving wheel, and when automobile normal running, trailing wheel rotates relative to adapter shaft, and adapter shaft does not rotate; At automobile during in deceleration regime and emergency brake state; chaufeur starts the brake structure of this automobile; make to produce resistance between adapter shaft and trailing wheel, meanwhile, pass through drive mechanism; make trailing wheel drive adapter shaft to the opposite spin of trailing wheel; be adapter shaft to the rotation of car reversed, adapter shaft is as power resources, by occupant protection structure; the back seat of driving automobile overturns to the rear of automobile, thereby passenger is played a protective role.

2, in the trailing wheel of this automobile, be provided with more structure, increased the weight of trailing wheel, improved the stability of automobile.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the integral structure schematic diagram of this automobile.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of removing in Fig. 1 after vehicle frame.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the vehicle frame of this automobile.

Fig. 4 is the section drawing of trailing wheel in this automobile.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of brake structure in this automobile.

Fig. 6 is the section drawing in A direction in Fig. 5.

In figure, 11, vehicle frame; 12, front-wheel; 13, trailing wheel; 14, back seat; 15, adapter shaft; 21, magnetic clutch; 22, brake sleeve; 23, main gear; 24, back-up ring one; 25, back-up ring two; 31, wheel hub inner ring; 32, wheel hub outer ring; 33, contiguous block; 34, gear one; 35, gear two; 36, tooth fan; 37, through hole; 4, rotating shaft; 51, satellite gear; 52, internally toothed annulus.

The specific embodiment

Be below specific embodiments of the invention by reference to the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is further described, but the present invention be not limited to these embodiment.

As shown in Figure 1, this structure improved automobile comprises a vehicle frame 11, vehicle frame 11 lower ends are connected with two front-wheels 12 and two trailing wheels 13, vehicle frame 11 upper ends are provided with two back seats 14, between two trailing wheels 13, be connected with adapter shaft 15, between trailing wheel 13 and adapter shaft 15, by bearing, be connected, between trailing wheel 13 and adapter shaft 15, be provided with brake structure, between trailing wheel 13 and adapter shaft 15, being provided with when trailing wheel 13 braking drives adapter shaft 15 to the drive mechanism of the opposite spin of trailing wheel 13, between adapter shaft 15 and back seat 14, being provided with when adapter shaft 15 rotation drives back seat 14 to the occupant protection structure of automobile rear upset.

This automobile is front-wheel 12 drive-type automobiles, and trailing wheel 13 is passive revolving wheel, and when automobile normal running, trailing wheel 13 rotates relative to adapter shaft 15, and adapter shaft 15 does not rotate; At automobile during in deceleration regime and emergency brake state; chaufeur starts the brake structure of this automobile; make to produce resistance between adapter shaft 15 and trailing wheel 13, meanwhile, pass through drive mechanism; make trailing wheel 13 drive adapter shaft 15 to the opposite spin of trailing wheel 13; be adapter shaft 15 to the rotation of car reversed, adapter shaft 15 is as power resources, by occupant protection structure; the back seat 14 of driving automobile overturns to the rear of automobile, thereby passenger is played a protective role.

As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, brake structure comprises the magnetic clutch 21 being set on adapter shaft 15, the inner ring of magnetic clutch 21 is fixedly connected with adapter shaft 15, on the outer ring of magnetic clutch 21, fixed cover is provided with a brake sleeve 22, on brake sleeve 22, be arranged with a main gear 23, main gear 23 has oval-shaped cavity, the outside face ovalize of brake sleeve 22, the minor axis of the inner chamber of main gear 23 is shorter than the major axis of the outside face of brake sleeve 22, when automobile need to be braked, driver's operation magnetic clutch 21, make inner ring and the outer ring combination of magnetic clutch 21, thereby brake sleeve 22 is rotated relative to main gear 23, the outside face ovalize of brake sleeve 22, the inner chamber of main gear 23 is ovalize also, and the minor axis of the inner chamber of main gear 23 is less than the major axis of the outside face of brake sleeve 22, brake sleeve 22 can hinder main gear 23 rotations, thereby trailing wheel 13 is braked, on the outside face of brake sleeve 22, be provided with rubber braking layer, on the outside face of brake sleeve 22, be provided with rubber braking layer, the minor axis of the inner chamber of main gear 23 is just slightly less than the major axis of the outside face of brake sleeve 22, between the two can be by rubbing and pushing the relative rotation of rubber braking layer realization, by friction rubber braking layer, absorb braking energy, relax braking force.

As shown in Figure 6, one side of main gear 23 has a back-up ring 1, one side of brake sleeve 22 has back-up ring 2 25, back-up ring 1 and back-up ring 2 25 are in the same side, between back-up ring 1 and back-up ring 2 25, be connected with bearing, between main gear 23 and brake sleeve 22, by bearing, connect, guarantee the intensity of trailing wheel 13 integral body, do not affect again the relative motion between brake sleeve 22 and main gear 23.

As shown in Figure 4, trailing wheel 13 comprises wheel hub inner ring 31 and wheel hub outer ring 32, between wheel hub inner ring 31 and wheel hub outer ring 32, be evenly connected with spoke, the outside face of wheel hub outer ring 32 is arranged with tire, drive mechanism comprises several satellite gears 51, in wheel hub inner ring 31, there is a pelvic cavity, on the madial wall of pelvic cavity, have and internally toothed annulus 52, each satellite gear 51 is connected and is positioned at pelvic cavity with wheel hub inner ring 31 by a minor axis, satellite gear 51 meshes with main gear 23 and internally toothed annulus 52 simultaneously, main gear 23 rotarily drives satellite gear 51 rotations, satellite gear 51 drives internally toothed annulus 52 rotations, otherwise, during the passive rotation of trailing wheel 13, can drive the opposite spin of main teeth directional trailing wheel 13 hand of rotation, thereby when automobile brake, can drive adapter shaft 15 to the direction rotation with trailing wheel 13 direction of rotation.

As shown in Figures 2 and 3, on adapter shaft 15, be provided with contiguous block 33, the upper end of contiguous block 33 is fixedly connected with vehicle frame 11, between contiguous block 33 and adapter shaft 15, by bearing, be connected, occupant protection structure be fixedly installed on adapter shaft 15 and with back seat 14 gear 1 one to one, on adapter shaft 15, be fixedly installed gear 2 35, gear 1 and gear 2 35 engagements, on vehicle frame 11, offer the through hole 37 that is positioned at back seat 14 lower ends, the lower end of back seat 14 is fixedly installed a tooth fan 36, tooth fan 36 and gear 2 35 engagements, adapter shaft 15 is when the direction rotation to contrary with trailing wheel 13, driven gear one 34 rotations, gear one 34 driven gear 2 35 rotations, gear 2 35 drives tooth fan 36 to the direction rotation identical with gear 1, rotarily driving and the rear upset of tooth fan 36 back seats that are fixedly connected with 14 to automobile of tooth fan 36, thereby avoid automobile after brake, to injure passenger during emergency braking, on vehicle frame 11, be fixedly installed a rotating shaft 4, rotating shaft 4 is plugged on tooth fan 36, back seat 14 is connected with vehicle frame 11 by rotating shaft 4.

Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the present invention's spirit.Those skilled in the art can make various modifications or supplement or adopt similar mode to substitute described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the defined scope of appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. a structure improved automobile, it is characterized in that, this structure improved automobile comprises a vehicle frame (11), described vehicle frame (11) lower end is connected with two front-wheels (12) and two trailing wheels (13), described vehicle frame (11) upper end is provided with some back seats (14), between two described trailing wheels (13), be connected with adapter shaft (15), between described trailing wheel (13) and adapter shaft (15), by bearing, be connected, between described trailing wheel (13) and adapter shaft (15), be provided with brake structure, between described trailing wheel (13) and adapter shaft (15), being provided with when trailing wheel (13) is braked drives adapter shaft (15) to the drive mechanism of the opposite spin of trailing wheel (13), between described adapter shaft (15) and back seat (14), be provided with and when adapter shaft (15) rotates, drive back seat (14) to the occupant protection structure of automobile rear upset, described brake structure comprises the magnetic clutch (21) being set on adapter shaft (15), the inner ring of described magnetic clutch (21) is fixedly connected with described adapter shaft (15), on the outer ring of described magnetic clutch (21), fixed cover is provided with a brake sleeve (22), on described brake sleeve (22), be arranged with a main gear (23), described main gear (23) has oval-shaped cavity, the outside face ovalize of described brake sleeve (22), the minor axis of the inner chamber of described main gear (23) is shorter than the major axis of the outside face of brake sleeve (22), on the outside face of described brake sleeve (22), be provided with rubber braking layer.
2. structure improved automobile according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, one side of described main gear (23) has a back-up ring one (24), one side of described brake sleeve (22) has back-up ring two (25), described back-up ring one (24) and back-up ring two (25), in the same side, are connected with bearing between described back-up ring one (24) and back-up ring two (25).
3. structure improved automobile according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described trailing wheel (13) comprises wheel hub inner ring (31) and wheel hub outer ring (32), between described wheel hub inner ring (31) and wheel hub outer ring (32), be evenly connected with spoke, the outside face of described wheel hub outer ring (32) is arranged with tire.
4. structure improved automobile according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described drive mechanism comprises several satellite gears (51), in described wheel hub inner ring (31), there is a pelvic cavity, on the madial wall of described pelvic cavity, have and internally toothed annulus (52), satellite gear described in each (51) is connected with wheel hub inner ring (31) by a minor axis and is positioned at pelvic cavity, and described satellite gear (51) meshes with main gear (23) and internally toothed annulus (52) simultaneously.
5. structure improved automobile according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, on described adapter shaft (15), be provided with contiguous block (33), the upper end of described contiguous block (33) is fixedly connected with vehicle frame (11), between described contiguous block (33) and adapter shaft (15), by bearing, be connected, described occupant protection structure be fixedly installed on adapter shaft (15) upper and with back seat (14) gear one (34) one to one, on described adapter shaft (15), be fixedly installed gear two (35), described gear one (34) and gear two (35) engagements, on described vehicle frame (11), offer the through hole (37) that is positioned at back seat (14) lower end, the lower end of described back seat (14) is fixedly installed a tooth fan (36), described tooth fan (36) and described gear two (35) engagements.
6. structure improved automobile according to claim 5, is characterized in that, is fixedly installed a rotating shaft (4) on described vehicle frame (11), and described rotating shaft (4) is plugged on described tooth fan (36).
7. structure improved automobile according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described back seat (14) has two.
CN201410162923.7A 2014-04-22 2014-04-22 A kind of structure improved automobile CN103935340B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410162923.7A CN103935340B (en) 2014-04-22 2014-04-22 A kind of structure improved automobile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410162923.7A CN103935340B (en) 2014-04-22 2014-04-22 A kind of structure improved automobile

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CN103935340A true CN103935340A (en) 2014-07-23
CN103935340B CN103935340B (en) 2016-06-15

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106414225A (en) * 2015-08-20 2017-02-15 罗春晖 Electric wheelbarrow with axuilary function

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1867503A1 (en) * 2006-06-14 2007-12-19 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Device for changing distance between wheel and vehicle body, and system including the device
CN202428992U (en) * 2012-01-17 2012-09-12 杭州汇丰车桥有限公司 Rear drive axle for agricultural vehicle
CN202986930U (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-06-12 陈建生 Multipurpose vehicle
CN203844639U (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-09-24 陈泓翰 Car

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1867503A1 (en) * 2006-06-14 2007-12-19 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Device for changing distance between wheel and vehicle body, and system including the device
CN202428992U (en) * 2012-01-17 2012-09-12 杭州汇丰车桥有限公司 Rear drive axle for agricultural vehicle
CN202986930U (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-06-12 陈建生 Multipurpose vehicle
CN203844639U (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-09-24 陈泓翰 Car

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106414225A (en) * 2015-08-20 2017-02-15 罗春晖 Electric wheelbarrow with axuilary function
WO2017028302A1 (en) * 2015-08-20 2017-02-23 罗春晖 Electric monocycle with assistant function and driving method using assistant function
CN106414225B (en) * 2015-08-20 2019-02-26 罗春晖 A kind of electric unicycle with miscellaneous function

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C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
COR Change of bibliographic data
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Inventor after: Li Sufeng

Inventor before: Sun Qinli

TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20160512

Address after: Taizhou City, Zhejiang province Jiaojiang District 318000 chapter on the streets in Cypress Village Sanju No. 6

Applicant after: Li Sufeng

Address before: Haining city Jiaxing Yuanhua town red village of Zhejiang province 314417 City home field No. 25

Applicant before: Sun Qinli

C14 Grant of patent or utility model
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C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
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Effective date of registration: 20170123

Address after: 226200 Nantong, Qidong science and Technology Park Hing Hing Road, No. 1

Patentee after: Qidong Xianglong Tourism Development Co. Ltd.

Address before: Taizhou City, Zhejiang province Jiaojiang District 318000 chapter on the streets in Cypress Village Sanju No. 6

Patentee before: Li Sufeng

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160615

Termination date: 20180422

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee