CN103905558A - Dairy farm wireless monitoring system based on internet of things - Google Patents

Dairy farm wireless monitoring system based on internet of things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103905558A
CN103905558A CN201410144363.2A CN201410144363A CN103905558A CN 103905558 A CN103905558 A CN 103905558A CN 201410144363 A CN201410144363 A CN 201410144363A CN 103905558 A CN103905558 A CN 103905558A
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China
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submodule
module
data
information
network
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CN201410144363.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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许世卫
李哲敏
董晓霞
李灯华
于海鹏
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中国农业科学院农业信息研究所
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Publication of CN103905558A publication Critical patent/CN103905558A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a dairy farm wireless monitoring system based on the internet of things. The dairy farm wireless monitoring system based on the internet of things comprises a passive RFID module, an ultrahigh-frequency RFID read-write device, a non-contact type infrared temperature measuring module, an environmental information sensing module, a plurality of wireless communication nodes, a gateway module, a coordinator module, a remote server and a user terminal. The dairy farm wireless monitoring system based on the internet of things is based on application of integration between a sensor for the internet of things and a Zigbee wireless communication technology, the problems that according to a traditional management mode, power consumption is high, the delay time is long, management lags behind and safety cannot be ensured are solved, a traditional dairy cow mode is changed into an accurate management mode using an information network as the center, and animal husbandry production can be automated, networked and intelligent; the dairy farm wireless monitoring system based on the internet of things is intelligent, low in cost, easy to extend and manage, simple and convenient to use.

Description

Cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things

 

Technical field

The present invention relates to wireless sensing communication technical field, be specifically related to a kind of cattle farm wireless monitor management system based on Internet of Things.

 

Background technology

Internet of Things (The internet of things) is called as the third wave of world's information industry after computer, the Internet, is identified as global new growth engines.China pays much attention to the development of Internet of Things industry, in 12 planning, is listed in national strategic new industry.Internet of Things refers to by information Perception equipment such as transducers, radio-frequency (RF) identification (RFID), global positioning system, two yards, couple together by the agreement of agreement, carry out information exchange and communicate by letter by wired or wireless network, to realize a kind of network of intelligent identification, data acquisition, Based Intelligent Control, location, tracking, monitoring and management.

In recent years along with wireless network, the development of sensor technology, precision agriculture has become the focus that scientific worker pays close attention to.Milk cow is in raising process, and animal farm environment is if humiture, wind speed, rainfall etc. are on its important impact of growing, grow, give milk.Traditional cattle farm way to manage, by manually taking environmental information, is wasted a large amount of manpower, material resources and financial resources, and the efficiency of management is low, and management area coverage is less, is unfavorable for high-efficiency operation and the management of cattle farm.

 

Summary of the invention

In view of this, the invention provides a kind of cattle farm wireless monitor management system based on Internet of Things, can be to cattle farm environmental information, image/video information, milk cow physiologic information etc. carries out dynamically, in real time, low cost, intelligentized monitoring, reach equal income or higher income thereby realize with input minimum or that save most, greatly improve the efficiency of management of cattle farm.

Cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things provided by the invention, comprise passive electronic label RFID module, ultrahigh frequency RFID read-write equipment, Non-contact Infrared Temperature Measurement module, environmental information sensing module, multiple IEEE802.15.4 wireless communication node, gateway module, coordinator module, remote server and user terminal

Described passive electronic label RFID module, is arranged on milk ivory-white chirita herb, for recording the relevant information of the milk cow of wearing it;

Described ultrahigh frequency RFID read-write equipment, reads for the relevant information of milk cow that passive electronic label RFID module is recorded, and by its corresponding wireless communication node, the milk cow information reading is sent to gateway module;

Described Non-contact Infrared Temperature Measurement module, for milk cow body temperature is carried out contactless collection and judges that whether body temperature is normal, if normal, by its corresponding wireless communication node, the temperature data of collection is sent to gateway module, if undesired, generate warning message, and by its corresponding wireless communication node, the warning message of the temperature data of collection and generation is sent to gateway module;

Described environmental information sensing module, for gathering the environmental information of cattle farm, and is sent to gateway module by its corresponding wireless communication node by the environmental information data of collection;

Described gateway module, the milk cow information sending for obtaining described ultrahigh frequency RFID read-write equipment, temperature data and/or warning message that described Non-contact Infrared Temperature Measurement module sends, the environmental information data that send with described environmental information sensing module, and by radio communication by the environmental information transfer of data of obtaining to remote server;

Described remote server, for obtaining and manage milk cow information data, temperature data and/or warning message data, environmental information data;

Described user terminal, comprises that large-size screen monitors show, the equipment such as personal computer or cell phone terminal, for obtaining the monitoring information of cattle farm from described remote server.

Described environmental information sensing module comprises sensing submodule that multiple height are integrated and the Radio Transmission Node of corresponding number, and wherein, described sensing submodule is made up of the transducer being integrated in on the sensing panel of charactron.

Described cattle farm wireless monitor system also comprises telegon, and described telegon is used for the link between each wireless communication node and gateway module to manage and control, and each sensing submodule is carried out to Identity Management.

Described environmental information sensing module, infrared measurement of temperature module, RFID module for reading and writing is communicated and is connected with gateway module by ZigBee networking mode.

Described gateway module comprises IEEE 802.15.4 radio communication submodule, core control and processes submodule, heterogeneous network protocol conversion submodule, infrastructure service and management submodule, multi-type network control and access submodule, exterior storage submodule and energy supply submodule, 3G wireless network card submodule, wherein

Described IEEE 802.15.4 radio communication submodule, comprise communication system clock, ZigBee radio frequency, high frequency omnidirectional antenna, for obtaining the relevant basic information data of environmental information data, milk cow and the infrared measurement of temperature data of each sensing submodule, and be sent to core control and processing module;

Described core control and processing submodule, comprise central primary control device, control system clock, equipment interface logic module, and wherein, described control system clock is used to central primary control device that clock is provided; Described central primary control device is mutual for controlling protocol data between described heterogeneous network protocol conversion submodule; The data that described equipment interface logic module obtains for receiving described IEEE 802.15.4 radio communication submodule, and transfer to central primary control device to process.

Described heterogeneous network protocol conversion submodule, for realizing docking and fusion of radio sensing network and all types of network protocol stacks; According to access network or service object's business and demand data, and according to the self-characteristic of data, process, analyze, merge and extraction, be met the polymorphic type information of condition, then by according to the specification of ICP/IP protocol and standard, to the determining of described polymorphic type information finishing service type, Data Format Transform, Frame encapsulation operation, finally transfer to outside multi-type network control and access submodule access remote server;

Described infrastructure service and management submodule, comprise heterogeneous network scheduler, network connection management parts, network resource management parts and heterogeneous network adaptive connection parts, by changing submodule and multi-type network control and the coordination that accesses submodule with described heterogeneous network protocol, realize data and the service access and interconnected of polymorphic type isomerization access network and wireless sensor network; Described infrastructure service is used for realizing sensor network data query and management function with management submodule, accept long-distance user's access, after its identity is differentiated, the query statement information that comes from user's Web browser is extracted, process accordingly, then be sent to Terminal Server Client by remote server;

Described outside multi-type network control and access submodule, comprise TD-SCDMA code modulation system, Internet network controller and Network Interface Unit thereof, WLAN adaptive device and subsystem access device thereof, for accessing all types of networks;

Described exterior storage submodule, for storage environment information data, the relevant basic information data of milk cow and infrared measurement of temperature data;

Described energy supply submodule, is used to other each submodule of described gateway module that electric energy is provided;

Described 3G wireless network card submodule is connected with access submodule with described outside multi-type network control, and data are sent to remote server.

Described Non-contact Infrared Temperature Measurement module, comprises the thermopile detector chip sensitive to thermal infrared, signal processing ASSP, alarm, low noise amplifier, digital to analog converter ADS, dsp chip.

Described sensing submodule comprises temperature and humidity sensing submodule, wind speed sensing submodule, and rainfall sensing submodule, wherein,

Described temperature and humidity sensing submodule, comprises temperature sensor, humidity sensor, amplifier, A/D digital to analog converter, checksum memory, CRC generator, SCK data wire, DATA triple gate;

Described wind speed sensing submodule, comprises air velocity transducer, transmission cable;

Described rainfall sensing submodule, for measuring ground rainfall, and is converted to the rainfall measuring the amount of digital information output representing with switching value form;

Described environmental information sensing module also comprises wireless video module, and described wireless video module comprises video information data acquisition submodule, video information conversion submodule, video data control and processing center and radio communication submodule.

Described video information data acquisition submodule is a CCD video frequency pick-up head, and with rotary platform, shooting angle is adjustable, for cattle farm carried out to video camera and image taking;

Described video information conversion submodule, gather the multi-medium data of submodule for obtaining video information, and multi-medium data is carried out to media information conversion, the extraction of multimedia frame, Code And Decode, and be provided with convert multimedia data buffer zone, carry out real-time, interactive with video data control and processing center;

Described video data control and processing center, comprise a micro-processor kernel, is responsible for video information conversion submodule and radio communication submodule to control and process;

Described wireless communication module, for changing video information transfer of data that submodule compressed to described gateway module.

In sum, system of the present invention is the fusion application by transducer and Zigbee wireless communication technology based on Internet of Things, many limiting factors such as conventional management mode power consumption is high, time delay long, management lags behind, fail safe is unsecured are solved, making traditional milk cow Mode change is the accurate management mode centered by information network, allow animal husbandry produce and realize automation, networking and intellectuality.Native system intelligence, low cost, easily expand and manage, system is succinct, easy to use.

 

Brief description of the drawings

In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or scheme of the prior art, to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skills, do not paying under the prerequisite of creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing.

Fig. 1 has provided the structural representation of the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things that one embodiment of the invention provides;

Fig. 2 has provided the structural representation of telegon in the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things that one embodiment of the invention provides;

Fig. 3 has provided the structural representation of gateway module in the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things that one embodiment of the invention provides;

Fig. 4 has provided the structural representation of Temperature Humidity Sensor chip in the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things that one embodiment of the invention provides;

Fig. 5 has provided the electrical block diagram of Temperature Humidity Sensor module in the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things that one embodiment of the invention provides;

Fig. 6 has provided the transfer of data schematic diagram of rain sensor module in the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things that one embodiment of the invention provides;

Fig. 7 has provided the structural representation of wireless video module in the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things that one embodiment of the invention provides;

Embodiment

For making object, technical scheme and the advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out to clear, complete description, obviously, described embodiment is the present invention's part embodiment, instead of whole embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art obtain under the prerequisite of not making creative work, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

Fig. 1 has provided the structural representation of the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things that one embodiment of the invention provides, as shown in Figure 1, the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things of the present embodiment comprises passive electronic label RFID module, ultrahigh frequency RFID read-write equipment, Non-contact Infrared Temperature Measurement module, environmental information sensing module, multiple IEEE802.15.4 wireless communication node, gateway module, coordinator module, remote server and user terminal;

Described environmental information sensing module, infrared measurement of temperature module, RFID module for reading and writing forms ZigBee wireless network by wireless communication node, communicates and is connected with gateway module; Described gateway module by 3G radio communication by the environmental information transfer of data of obtaining to remote server; Described remote server is connected with user terminal.Described cattle farm wireless monitor system also comprises telegon, and described telegon is used for the link between each wireless communication node and gateway module to manage and control, and the node in ZigBee wireless network is carried out to Identity Management.

Described milk cow passive electronic label RFID module, profile is ear tag, be installed on milk ivory-white chirita herb, with to be arranged on ultrahigh frequency RFID read-write equipment in house hurdle, cattle farm corresponding, operating distance is more than or equal to 1 meter, this label is recorded the age of milk cow, the output of milk, the detail parameters such as the cycle of giving milk, disease history, day dietary amount and daily motion amount;

Described ultrahigh frequency RFID read-write equipment, comprises single-chip microcomputer and wireless transmitter, is installed in milk cattle pen, is used to passive RFID electronic label that operating current reading information are provided; After ultrahigh frequency RFID read-write equipment reading electronic labels data, by wireless communication node, data are sent in gateway module;

Described Non-contact Infrared Temperature Measurement module, comprises the thermopile detector chip sensitive to thermal infrared, and signal is processed ASSP, alarm, and integrated low noise amplifier, and 17 figure place weighted-voltage D/A converter ADS and DSP unit, temperature-measuring range intrinsic resolution is 0.02 degree.Non-contact Infrared Temperature Measurement module periodic measurement every day gathers milk cow body temperature, and by wireless communication node, gathered temperature data is sent to remote server, in the time that non-contact infrared thermometer measures Contents in Cows temperature abnormality, also warning message is sent to gateway module by wireless communication node, in conjunction with the ear tag information on this milk cow, the alarm of glimmering on user terminal shows.User terminal can further be observed this concrete individual image/video information by wireless video collecting module;

Described environmental information sensing module comprises temperature and humidity sensing submodule, wind speed sensing submodule, and rainfall sensing submodule, and wireless video submodule, and highly become one.Transducer is connected with wireless communication node in the mode of plug-in unit, is integrated on a sensing panel with charactron, by the transmission of the standard I/O Interface realization sensing data between sensing panel and node.Preferably, described wireless communication node chip adopts CC-2530 chip.

Fig. 2 has provided the structural representation of telegon, comprises CC-2530 chip, support circuit and external circuit.Described support circuit comprises power circuit, crystal oscillating circuit and reset circuit.Described external circuit comprises serial communication module, Liquid Crystal Module and radio-frequency communication module.Serial communication module is mainly used to carry out the setting of communication and configuration data, and Liquid Crystal Module is used for reflecting in real time the network state that telegon is current.Radio-frequency communication module is responsible for the radio communication between this telegon and network terminal node and other telegon.Described telegon is responsible for communicating by letter with controlled child node, and the MCU that configuration feature is relatively powerful, serves as network control and management function, also will complete the tasks such as sensor node member Identity Management, link-state information management and forwarding of packets.Send networked beacons, set up a network, managing network node, storage networking nodal information, find a pair of internodal route messages, constantly receive information.Network automatic load balancing, in network, all radio node power consumptions can be assessed, and power consumption is similar; Automatic network-building, maintenance certainly, network connect visual, and round-the-clock stable operation, without artificial interference; All wireless senser simple installations, plug and play, can change arbitrarily installation site, is not subject to the constraint of cable; Good extension of network ability, arbitrarily increases and reduces acquisition terminal quantity, can support a hundreds of collector and controller in consolidated network; Frequency hopping and authentication mechanism for encrypting, ensure system safety reliability service; Way to manage is various, and user can manage all monitoring by direct access gateway or the webserver.

Described gateway module and coordinator module wireless connections, collect the data that coordinator node sends, except will (comprising the network of RFID equipment, infrared measurement of temperature equipment and environmental information sensing module to sensor network, be ZigBee wireless network) in each sensor node monitor, outside the function such as management, task scheduling and distribution, the overall situation and individuality control, can also same mobile communications network, internet, WLAN (wireless local area network) etc. carry out complex interaction and fusion, have and implement in full modular hardware architecture; Gateway node equipment obtains from the diversification Information Monitoring in radio sensing network (comprising general environment heat transfer agent and multimedia video image information etc.) by ZigBee radio frequency, and progressively passes through the inferior standardization Data Analysis of protocal layers from bottom to top.By netting twine or local area network (LAN), user is by after computers log-on gateway, can carry out system setting, collection network management, checks data, draws a diagram, the operation such as derived data.Gateway possesses remote transmission ability simultaneously, by local area network (LAN) or 3G mobile network, all configuration datas and image data is passed on the webserver in the lump, and this kind of pattern supports multi-user's while logging in online server to check the data of gateway.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of gateway module, and described gateway module hardware device is by IEEE 802.15.4 radio communication submodule, core control and process submodule, heterogeneous network protocol conversion submodule, infrastructure service and management submodule, multi-type network control forms with access submodule, exterior storage submodule and energy supply submodule, 3G wireless network card submodule.Described core control comprises central primary control device with processing submodule, control system clock and equipment interface logic, mainly realize Global treatment, data fusion and the information extraction to radio sensing network task, for polymorphic type heterogeneous network provides infrastructure service and management function, it is control centre's equipment of whole gateway node.Preferably, microprocessor chip adopts Atmel AT91RM9200 chip, and kernel is technical grade 200MIPS ARM920T, has the instruction of 16kB and the data cache of 16KB, and there is the read-only memory of 128k inside.Described heterogeneous network protocol conversion submodule is the core that gateway device is realized its access function, and emphasis is realized to docking and fusion of radio sensing network and the network protocol stack such as TD-SCDMA, Internet.Described infrastructure service and management submodule heterogeneous network scheduler, network connection management parts, network resource management parts and heterogeneous network adaptive connection parts, by with the coordination of protocol conversion module and multi-type network control and access device, the data of polymorphic type isomerization access network and wireless sensor network and service access and interconnected.Described multi-type network control and access module emphasis comprise the access devices such as TD-SCDMA code modulation system, Internet network controller and Network Interface Unit thereof, WLAN adaptive device and subsystem thereof.Described IEEE 802.15.4 wireless communication module comprises communication system clock, ZigBee radio frequency, high frequency omnidirectional antenna, its Main Function is the sensor data message that correctly obtains each node in network from protocol layer, transfer to core control and processing module to process, and finally import into the access network of specifying.Described outer memory module makes gateway node possess necessary storage capacity, realizes better it in the guarantee of network management and control function.The function of each composition module that described energy supply module is node realizes provides energy support.

Described gateway module software platform comprises two large divisions: the one, webserver and ICP/IP protocol stack; The 2nd, sensor network data query and administrative section.

Described webserver is according to its access network or service object's business and demand data, and according to the self-characteristic of sensing data, carry out processing, analysis, merge and extract, be met the polymorphic type heat transfer agent of condition, and offer the ICP/IP protocol system building on systems soft ware, as its initial service source.Gateway node is according to the specification of this agreement and standard, and the sequence of operations such as the determining of finishing service type, Data Format Transform, Frame encapsulation, realize final access function by wireless interface module.Described sensor network data query and administrative section comprise remote supervision module, query statement analysis and processing module, data memory module and sensor information analysis management module.Described remote supervision module is accepted long-distance user's access, after its identity is differentiated, the query statement information that comes from user's Web browser is extracted, send to again querying command analysis and processing module to process accordingly, and by corresponding information remote supervision module, then be sent to Terminal Server Client by Web server.The web query statement of described query statement analysis and processing module analysis user, converts thereof into the instruction that gateway can be processed, and application embedded database is processed by gateway interface program, and response results is returned to web server.Described sensor information analysis and processing module is carried out the sensor node information sending by Slik node analysis integrated, and data storage is carried out in classification.Data memory module storage is by the sensor node information after sensor information analysis and processing module analyzing and processing.

Described power module is solar panel, storage battery or civil power, and power module is environmental information sensing module, gateway module, wireless communication node, non-contact infrared thermometer, and ultrahigh frequency RFID read-write equipment provides working power;

Described remote server provides the computer software of service and the computer of operating software or computer system for management resource and for user;

Described user terminal is large-size screen monitors display terminal, personal computer or mobile terminal of mobile telephone hardware device;

Described temperature and humidity sensing module comprises temperature sensor, humidity sensor, amplifier, A/D digital to analog converter, checksum memory, CRC generator, SCK data wire, DATA triple gate etc.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of Temperature Humidity Sensor chip, and preferably, temperature and humidity sensing module chip adopts SHT10, for gathering the temperature and humidity of surrounding environment, adopts the encapsulation of SMD paster.Temperature measurement range :-20 DEG C~100 DEG C, certainty of measurement :+0.4 DEG C, moisture measurement scope: 0%~99%, certainty of measurement :+3%.Described amplifier amplifies the analog signal of transducer output; The analog signal of amplification is converted to digital signal by described A/D converter; Described data/address bus offers user by data and uses; Described checksum memory ensures analog-to-digital accuracy, and described CRC generator ensures the safety of data communication; The communication that described SCK data wire is responsible for processor and SHT10 is synchronous; Described DATA triple gate reads for data.Fig. 5 is the electrical block diagram of Temperature Humidity Sensor module.

Described wind speed sensing module is made up of the auxiliary equipment such as air velocity transducer, transmission cable.Transducer adopts Non-contact Magnetic sensing measurement principle, vane is manufactured by high-weatherability, high strength, anticorrosion and water-proof metal, sensor housing uses almag to be shaped, internal digital circuit all adopts CMOS chip, low-power consumption, and all, through spraying three anti-paint processing, whole transducer has the adaptability of good adverse environment resistant.

Fig. 6 is rain sensor module data transmission structure figure.Described rain sensor is hydrometeorological rainfall gauge, for measuring ground rainfall, rainfall is converted to the amount of digital information output representing with switching value form, to meet the needs of communication, processing, record and demonstration.Rainwater imports in the tipping bucket of rainfall gauge inside by steel ladle.Tipping bucket is placed on a trunnion axis and in unstable equilibrium state, on its normal position, fills after rainwater, and the upset of black tipping bucket, is poured onto on another stop position and the water of turning in tipping bucket, and the rainwater falling down flows out the apopore of box at the bottom of rainfall gauge.When getting back to again immediately on normal position after rainwater turned letter, start again to accept the rainwater of continuation landing.Each rotary movement of tipping bucket converts a pulse signal (1 pulse=0.2mm precipitation) to by dry spring and is transferred to single-chip microcomputer acquisition processing system.Described rain sensor is wireless senser.

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of wireless video module, comprises video information data acquisition module, video information modular converter, video data control and processing center and wireless communication module.Preferably, described video information data acquisition module is a CCD video frequency pick-up head, with rotary platform, shooting angle is adjustable, be responsible for video camera and the image taking of cattle farm, can remote control, focusing and adjusting pixel, be convenient to observe cattle farm details and personnel's situation; Described video information modular converter obtains the multi-medium data of video information acquisition module, realizes media information conversion, the extraction of multimedia frame, Code And Decode, and is provided with convert multimedia data buffer zone, with Data Control Center real-time, interactive; Described video data control and processing center comprise a micro-processor kernel, are responsible for video information modular converter and wireless communication module to control and process; The transfer of data that described wireless communication module is responsible for video information modular converter to compress is to other nodes and gateway module.

Finally it should be noted that: above embodiment only, in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, is not intended to limit; Although the present invention is had been described in detail with reference to previous embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: its technical scheme that still can record aforementioned each embodiment is modified, or part technical characterictic is wherein equal to replacement, and these amendments or replacement do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the spirit and scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme.

Claims (9)

1. the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things, comprise passive electronic label RFID module, ultrahigh frequency RFID read-write equipment, Non-contact Infrared Temperature Measurement module, environmental information sensing module, multiple IEEE 802.15.4 wireless communication node, gateway module, coordinator module, remote server and user terminal, it is characterized in that
Described passive electronic label RFID module, is arranged on milk ivory-white chirita herb, for recording the relevant information of the milk cow of wearing it;
Described ultrahigh frequency RFID read-write equipment, reads for the relevant information of milk cow that passive electronic label RFID module is recorded, and by its corresponding wireless communication node, the milk cow information reading is sent to gateway module;
Described Non-contact Infrared Temperature Measurement module, for milk cow body temperature is carried out contactless collection and judges that whether body temperature is normal, if normal, by its corresponding wireless communication node, the temperature data of collection is sent to gateway module, if undesired, generate warning message, and by its corresponding wireless communication node, the warning message of the temperature data of collection and generation is sent to gateway module;
Described environmental information sensing module, for gathering the environmental information of cattle farm, and is sent to gateway module by its corresponding wireless communication node by the environmental information data of collection;
Described gateway module, the milk cow information sending for obtaining described ultrahigh frequency RFID read-write equipment, temperature data and/or warning message that described Non-contact Infrared Temperature Measurement module sends, the environmental information data that send with described environmental information sensing module, and by radio communication by the environmental information transfer of data of obtaining to remote server;
Described remote server, for obtaining and manage milk cow information data, temperature data and/or warning message data, environmental information data;
Described user terminal, for obtaining the monitoring information of cattle farm from described remote server.
2. the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described environmental information sensing module comprises sensing submodule that multiple height are integrated and the IEEE 802.15.4 Radio Transmission Node of corresponding number, wherein, described sensing submodule is made up of the transducer being integrated in on the sensing panel of charactron.
3. the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described cattle farm wireless monitor system also comprises telegon, described telegon is used for the link between each IEEE 802.15.4 wireless communication node and gateway module to manage and control, and each sensing submodule is carried out to Identity Management.
4. the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described environmental information sensing module, and infrared measurement of temperature module, RFID module for reading and writing is communicated and is connected with gateway module by ZigBee networking mode.
5. according to the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things one of claim 1-4 Suo Shu, it is characterized in that, described gateway module comprises IEEE 802.15.4 radio communication submodule, core control and processes submodule, heterogeneous network protocol conversion submodule, infrastructure service and management submodule, multi-type network control and access submodule, exterior storage submodule and energy supply submodule, 3G wireless network card submodule, wherein
Described IEEE 802.15.4 radio communication submodule, comprise communication system clock, ZigBee radio frequency, high frequency omnidirectional antenna, for obtaining the relevant basic information data of environmental information data, milk cow and the infrared measurement of temperature data of each sensing submodule, and be sent to core control and processing module;
Described core control and processing submodule, comprise central primary control device, control system clock, equipment interface logic module, and wherein, described control system clock is used to central primary control device that clock is provided; Described central primary control device is mutual for controlling protocol data between described heterogeneous network protocol conversion submodule; The data that described equipment interface logic module obtains for receiving described IEEE 802.15.4 radio communication submodule, and transfer to central primary control device to process;
Described heterogeneous network protocol conversion submodule, for realizing docking and fusion of radio sensing network and all types of network protocol stacks; According to access network or service object's business and demand data, and according to the self-characteristic of data, process, analyze, merge and extraction, be met the polymorphic type information of condition, then by according to the specification of ICP/IP protocol and standard, to the determining of described polymorphic type information finishing service type, Data Format Transform, Frame encapsulation operation, finally transfer to outside multi-type network control and access submodule access remote server;
Described infrastructure service and management submodule, comprise heterogeneous network scheduler, network connection management parts, network resource management parts and heterogeneous network adaptive connection parts, by changing submodule and multi-type network control and the coordination that accesses submodule with described heterogeneous network protocol, realize data and the service access and interconnected of polymorphic type isomerization access network and wireless sensor network; Described infrastructure service is used for realizing sensor network data query and management function with management submodule, accept long-distance user's access, after its identity is differentiated, the query statement information that comes from user's Web browser is extracted, process accordingly, then be sent to Terminal Server Client by remote server;
Described outside multi-type network control and access submodule, comprise TD-SCDMA code modulation system, Internet network controller and Network Interface Unit thereof, WLAN adaptive device and subsystem access device thereof, for accessing all types of networks;
Described exterior storage submodule, for storage environment information data, the relevant basic information data of milk cow and infrared measurement of temperature data;
Described energy supply submodule, is used to other each submodule of described gateway module that electric energy is provided;
Described 3G wireless network card submodule is connected with access submodule with described outside multi-type network control, and data are sent to remote server.
6. the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described Non-contact Infrared Temperature Measurement module, comprises the thermopile detector chip sensitive to thermal infrared, signal processing ASSP, alarm, low noise amplifier, digital to analog converter ADS, dsp chip.
7. the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described sensing submodule comprises temperature and humidity sensing submodule, wind speed sensing submodule, and rainfall sensing submodule, wherein,
Described temperature and humidity sensing submodule, comprises temperature sensor, humidity sensor, amplifier, A/D digital to analog converter, checksum memory, CRC generator, SCK data wire, DATA triple gate;
Described wind speed sensing submodule, comprises air velocity transducer, transmission cable;
Described rainfall sensing submodule, for measuring ground rainfall, and is converted to the rainfall measuring the amount of digital information output representing with switching value form.
8. the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described environmental information sensing module also comprises wireless video module, and described wireless video module comprises video information data acquisition submodule, video information conversion submodule, video data control and processing center and radio communication submodule.
9. the cattle farm wireless monitor system based on Internet of Things according to claim 8, is characterized in that,
Described video information data acquisition submodule is a CCD video frequency pick-up head, and with rotary platform, shooting angle is adjustable, for cattle farm carried out to video camera and image taking;
Described video information conversion submodule, gather the multi-medium data of submodule for obtaining video information, and multi-medium data is carried out to media information conversion, the extraction of multimedia frame, Code And Decode, and be provided with convert multimedia data buffer zone, carry out real-time, interactive with video data control and processing center;
Described video data control and processing center, comprise a micro-processor kernel, is responsible for video information conversion submodule and radio communication submodule to control and process;
Described wireless communication module, for changing video information transfer of data that submodule compressed to described gateway module.
CN201410144363.2A 2014-04-11 2014-04-11 Dairy farm wireless monitoring system based on internet of things CN103905558A (en)

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