CN103900412B - There is the open-pore metal foam heat pipe of gradual change shape characteristic - Google Patents

There is the open-pore metal foam heat pipe of gradual change shape characteristic Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103900412B
CN103900412B CN201410160129.9A CN201410160129A CN103900412B CN 103900412 B CN103900412 B CN 103900412B CN 201410160129 A CN201410160129 A CN 201410160129A CN 103900412 B CN103900412 B CN 103900412B
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heat pipe
open
metal foam
foam
heat
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CN103900412A (en
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徐治国
赵长颖
王美琴
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Shanghai Jiaotong University
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Shanghai Jiaotong University
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D15/00Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies
    • F28D15/02Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies in which the medium condenses and evaporates, e.g. heat pipes
    • F28D15/04Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies in which the medium condenses and evaporates, e.g. heat pipes with tubes having a capillary structure
    • F28D15/046Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies in which the medium condenses and evaporates, e.g. heat pipes with tubes having a capillary structure characterised by the material or the construction of the capillary structure

Abstract

A kind of open-pore metal foam heat pipe with gradual change shape characteristic utilizing rigidity thermal conductor technical field, comprise: heat pipe and foam are sintered in the open-pore metal foam of heat pipe inner wall, wherein: the middle part skin of heat pipe is provided with adiabatic section, two ends are placed in cold junction and the hot junction of heat exchange environment respectively; The structure of open-pore metal foam is: interior bone is the structure of dense degree gradual change, and namely porosity is identical, and hole density increases gradually along heat pipe wall vertical direction or reduces; Or hole density is identical, porosity increases gradually along heat pipe wall vertical direction or reduces; Or hole density and porosity are all identical, the material of use presses layer change.Invention increases heat exchange specific area, being conducive to the flow and heat transfer of the fluid expanded gradually because being heated, enhancing capillary force, make this heat pipe heat exchange efficiency when heat transfer effect is identical higher, metal consumptive material is less, volume is less.

Description

There is the open-pore metal foam heat pipe of gradual change shape characteristic
The application is application number: 201310051621.8, denomination of invention: the open-pore metal foam heat pipe with gradual change shape characteristic, the applying date: the divisional application of 2013/2/17.
Technical field
What the present invention relates to is a kind of device utilizing rigidity thermal conductor technical field, specifically a kind of open-pore metal foam heat pipe with gradual change shape characteristic.
Background technology
Heat pipe is a kind of heat transfer element that boiling and condensation two kinds of heat exchange modes are combined, and is widely used in the field such as electronics, Aero-Space.If heat pipe is used in field of solar heat, our environmental condition can be improved, promote the progress of China's energy-saving and emission-reduction work.And the heat exchange efficiency how improving heat pipe is the emphasis of current research work.Open-pore metal foam is a kind of novel porous material, its large (2000-10000m of heat exchange specific area 2/ m 3), relative density less (being the 2%-12% of solid material), has good mechanics and heat exchange property.Open-pore metal foam is made up of metallic framework and sinuous inside communication channel.Fluid is when open-pore metal foam internal flow, by metallic framework disturbance, again because heat exchange specific area is large, the exchange heat of fluid and metal foam is very abundant, and the heat of fluid can pass by the metallic framework with the good capacity of heat transmission fully, so open-pore metal foam is a kind of enhanced heat exchange material of excellent performance.
Through finding the retrieval of prior art, Chinese patent literature CN101338985, publication date 2009-1-7, describes a kind of hot pipe type porous foamed metal heat exchanger, solves the little problem of the heat exchange area of heat pipe by the method for foam metal filling porous around heat pipe in the housing; Chinese patent literature CN102157468, publication date 2011-8-17, describe a kind of high-power loop heat pipe radiator and preparation method thereof, the metal dust of the fixing high heat conduction in evaporimeter inside of this heat-pipe radiator or ceramic powders, provide evaporating surface as much as possible and liquid evaporates the steam (vapor) outlet produced, to reach the object of enhanced water evaporation heat exchange.But above-mentioned prior art is mainly for the metal foam of even structure or porous media, and can not make full use of the heat exchange property of metal foam, overall heat exchange efficiency is relatively low.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to prior art above shortcomings, a kind of open-pore metal foam heat pipe with gradual change shape characteristic is provided, solves the problems such as existing heat pipe heat exchanging efficiency is low, consumable quantity is many, volume is large.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions, the present invention includes: heat pipe and foam are sintered in the open-pore metal foam of heat pipe inner wall, and wherein: the middle part skin of heat pipe is provided with adiabatic section, two ends are placed in cold junction and the hot junction of heat exchange environment respectively;
The structure of open-pore metal foam is: interior bone is the structure of dense degree gradual change, and namely porosity is identical, and hole density increases gradually along heat pipe wall vertical direction or reduces; Or hole density is identical, porosity increases gradually along heat pipe wall vertical direction or reduces; Or hole density and porosity are all identical, the material of use presses layer change.
The excursion of described hole density is 3PPI-130PPI.
The excursion of described porosity is 0.88-0.98.
Described material refers to by layer change the various metals foam arranged from high to low by thermal conductivity factor.
Described open-pore metal foam preparation method is by investment casting, and its concrete steps comprise:
The first step, be 3PPI-130PPI by hole variable density scope, porosity change scope be 0.88-0.98 polyurethane sponge be bonded into an entirety by stacked adding; Then be immersed in liquid refractory material, make refractory material be full of its space;
Second step, refractory material sclerosis after heating make polyurethane sponge gasify decompose, form the three-dimensional framework space that replicates polyurethane sponge structure;
3rd step, point molten metal is poured in this casting mold, after metal freezing, removes refractory material just can form the open-pore metal foam with gradual change shape characteristic;
When preparing material and press the graded metal foam that layer changes, the metal foam prepared by the above-mentioned first step to the 3rd step by each layer is welded together by the method for soldering and get final product.
Described refractory material refers to: phenolic resins, mullite or gypsum.
Described metal refers to: aluminium, copper, nickel or other metal alloy.
Described heat pipe is for being obliquely installed.
Described heat pipe is circular or oval.
The method of the open-pore metal foam that the present invention is gradually changed by the dense degree sintered at heat exchange wall improves the heat exchange property of heat pipe, increase heat exchange specific area, be conducive to the flow and heat transfer of the fluid expanded gradually because being heated, enhance capillary force, make this heat pipe heat exchange efficiency when heat transfer effect is identical higher, metal consumptive material is less, volume is less.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiment 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of embodiment 3.
Detailed description of the invention
Elaborate to embodiments of the invention below, the present embodiment is implemented under premised on technical solution of the present invention, give detailed embodiment and concrete operating process, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, the application comprises: heat pipe 1 and foam are sintered in the open-pore metal foam 2 of heat pipe 1 inwall, and wherein: the middle part skin of heat pipe 1 is provided with adiabatic section 3, two ends are placed in cold junction and the hot junction of heat exchange environment respectively;
The structure of open-pore metal foam 2 is: interior bone is the structure of dense degree gradual change, and namely porosity is identical, and hole density increases gradually along heat pipe 1 wall vertical direction or reduces; Or hole density is identical, porosity increases gradually along heat pipe 1 wall vertical direction or reduces; Or hole density and porosity are all identical, the material of use presses layer change.
The excursion of described hole density is 3PPI-130PPI.
The excursion of described porosity is 0.88-0.98.
Described material refers to by layer change the various metals foam arranged from high to low by thermal conductivity factor.
Described open-pore metal foam 2 preparation method is by investment casting, and its concrete steps comprise:
The first step, be 3PPI-130PPI by hole variable density scope, porosity change scope be 0.88-0.98 polyurethane sponge be bonded into an entirety by stacked adding; Then be immersed in liquid refractory material, make refractory material be full of its space;
Second step, refractory material sclerosis after heating make polyurethane sponge gasify decompose, form the three-dimensional framework space that replicates polyurethane sponge structure;
3rd step, point molten metal is poured in this casting mold, after metal freezing, removes refractory material just can form the open-pore metal foam 2 with gradual change shape characteristic;
When preparing material and press the graded metal foam that layer changes, the metal foam prepared by the above-mentioned first step to the 3rd step by each layer is welded together by the method for soldering and get final product.
Described refractory material refers to: phenolic resins, mullite or gypsum.
Described metal refers to: aluminium, copper, nickel or other metal alloy.
In heat-exchanger rig as shown in Figure 1, the change of open-pore metal foam 2 consistency is middle dredging, denser near heat pipe 1 two inwalls.Reasonably can utilize the heat exchange alternation performance of open-pore metal foam 2 and fluid like this, the fluid for expanded by heating provides the suitable flowing space.In the hot junction of heat pipe 1, more liquid can be had to evaporate; At cold junction, then more steam condensation is had to become liquid.Due to very dense near wall open-pore metal foam 2, capillary force is very strong, and the liquid energy fast repairing of condensation is charged to hot junction, thus can strengthen heat exchange greatly.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 2, the open-pore metal foam 2 of the present embodiment is 5 layers of foam: the first through hole copper froth bed 4, second through hole copper froth bed 5, third through-hole copper froth bed 6, fourth hole copper froth bed 7 and fifth hole copper froth bed 8.
First through hole copper froth bed 4 hole density is 40PPI; Second through hole copper froth bed 5 hole density is 30PPI; Third through-hole copper froth bed 6 hole density is 20PPI; Fourth hole copper froth bed 7 hole density is 10PPI; Fifth hole copper froth bed 8 hole density is 5PPI.
Investment casting concrete steps:
The first step, polyurethane sponge hole density being respectively 40PPI, 30PPI, 20PPI, 10PPI and 5PPI are bonded into an entirety by stacked adding; Then be immersed in liquid refractory material, make refractory material be full of its space;
Second step, refractory material sclerosis after heating make polyurethane sponge gasify decompose, form the three-dimensional framework space that replicates polyurethane sponge structure;
3rd step, copper point molten metal is poured in this casting mold, after metal freezing, removes refractory material just can form the open-pore metal foam 2 with gradual change shape characteristic;
Described refractory material refers to: phenolic resins, mullite or gypsum.
Embodiment 2
Described heat pipe 1 is for being obliquely installed.The hole density of open-pore metal foam 2 near heat pipe 1 can select most high density holes 130PPI, along the hole variable density gradient in wall Vertical dimension wants the selection of larger porosity lower relatively 0.88, material selects the metal that thermal conductivity factor is higher, as fine copper, and brass etc., like this, in hot junction, the open-pore metal foam 2 near heat pipe 1 is dense, and the nucleus of boiling is many, in addition dense degree variable gradient is large, is more conducive to gas quick concentrating in the middle part of heat pipe 1 and rises to cold junction; At cold junction, more steam can be taken away more heat by the dense metallic framework near heat pipe 1 wall by the external world, and condensation efficiency is higher.If heat pipe 1 heat exchange amount is little, according to the corresponding variable gradient reducing the dense degree of metallic framework, also can reduces the inclined degree of heat pipe 1, reduce gravity to the effect of withdrawing fluid.Adiabatic section 3 material can select ceramic fibre that heat-proof quality is good or glass fibre.Inner sintering has the coefficient of heat transfer of the inclination heat pipe of graded metal foam than a high order of magnitude of general heat pipe.
Embodiment 3
As shown in Figure 3, described heat pipe 1 is circular or oval.The advantage of the present embodiment is, the air water of hot junction and cold junction is exchanged and undertaken by the round tube of both sides, and compared to single pipe, heat exchange efficiency is higher.And the present embodiment cold junction directly over, hot junction immediately below, the withdrawing fluid after condensed is under the double action of dense metal foam capillary force and gravity, and back-flow velocity is faster.Adiabatic section 3 material can select the extraordinary ceramic fibre of heat-proof quality or glass fibre.Inner sintering has the circle of graded metal foam or the coefficient of heat transfer of elliptical heat pipe than a high order of magnitude of general heat pipe of the same type.

Claims (8)

1. one kind has the preparation method of the open-pore metal foam heat pipe of gradual change shape characteristic, described open-pore metal foam heat pipe comprises: heat pipe and foam are sintered in the open-pore metal foam of heat pipe inner wall, wherein: the middle part skin of heat pipe is provided with adiabatic section, two ends are placed in cold junction and the hot junction of heat exchange environment respectively;
The structure of open-pore metal foam is: interior bone is the structure of dense degree gradual change, and namely hole density and porosity are all identical, and the material of use presses layer change; It is characterized in that, described open-pore metal foam preparation method is by investment casting, and its concrete steps comprise:
The first step, be 3PPI-130PPI by hole variable density scope, porosity change scope be 0.88-0.98 polyurethane sponge be bonded into an entirety by stacked adding; Then be immersed in liquid refractory material, make refractory material be full of its space;
Second step, refractory material sclerosis after heating make polyurethane sponge gasify decompose, form the three-dimensional framework space that replicates polyurethane sponge structure;
3rd step, point molten metal is poured in this casting mold, after metal freezing, removes refractory material just can form the open-pore metal foam with gradual change shape characteristic;
When preparing material and press the graded metal foam that layer changes, the metal foam prepared by the above-mentioned first step to the 3rd step by each layer is welded together by the method for soldering and get final product.
2. preparation method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the excursion of described hole density is 3PPI-130PPI.
3. preparation method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the excursion of described porosity is 0.88-0.98.
4. preparation method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described material refers to by layer change the various metals foam arranged from high to low by thermal conductivity factor.
5. preparation method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described refractory material refers to: phenolic resins, mullite or gypsum.
6. preparation method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described metal refers to: aluminium, copper, nickel or its metal alloy.
7. the preparation method according to any one of claim 1-6, is characterized in that, described heat pipe is for being obliquely installed.
8. the preparation method according to any one of claim 1-6, is characterized in that, described heat pipe is circular or oval.
CN201410160129.9A 2013-02-17 2013-02-17 There is the open-pore metal foam heat pipe of gradual change shape characteristic Active CN103900412B (en)

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CN103528406B (en) * 2013-10-31 2015-05-13 中国石油大学(华东) Flat-plate heat exchanger filled with metal foam at partial portion
CN103615922A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-03-05 中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 Heat pipe suitable for space application
CN103759567B (en) * 2014-01-24 2016-08-17 宋荣凯 A kind of vaporizer copper pipe and manufacture method thereof
CN104930888A (en) * 2014-03-18 2015-09-23 江苏格业新材料科技有限公司 Method for manufacturing miniature heat pipe by employing ultrathin foamed silver as wick
CN103994682B (en) * 2014-05-07 2016-01-13 江苏科技大学 A kind of heat pipe and preparation method thereof
CN104296570A (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-01-21 中国石油大学(华东) Heat pipe
CN104729338B (en) * 2015-03-16 2016-11-16 上海交通大学 Graded metal loose foam thermal
CN110763061A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-02-07 东莞市合众导热科技有限公司 Vapor chamber and processing method thereof
CN111992669A (en) * 2020-08-19 2020-11-27 贵州安吉航空精密铸造有限责任公司 Investment casting method for casting with long and narrow cavity inside

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CN103900412A (en) 2014-07-02
CN104266519B (en) 2016-04-27
CN104266519A (en) 2015-01-07

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