CN103899719A - Two-gear gearbox of pure electric sweeper - Google Patents

Two-gear gearbox of pure electric sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103899719A
CN103899719A CN201410145706.7A CN201410145706A CN103899719A CN 103899719 A CN103899719 A CN 103899719A CN 201410145706 A CN201410145706 A CN 201410145706A CN 103899719 A CN103899719 A CN 103899719A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
steel discs
cover
braking steel
plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410145706.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
段福海
梁泊山
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FUJIAN YANAN MOTOR Co Ltd
Original Assignee
FUJIAN YANAN MOTOR Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by FUJIAN YANAN MOTOR Co Ltd filed Critical FUJIAN YANAN MOTOR Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410145706.7A priority Critical patent/CN103899719A/en
Publication of CN103899719A publication Critical patent/CN103899719A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H3/00Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion
    • F16H3/44Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion using gears having orbital motion
    • F16H3/70Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion using gears having orbital motion in which the central axis of the gearing lies inside the periphery of an orbital gear
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H57/00General details of gearing
    • F16H57/08General details of gearing of gearings with members having orbital motion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H57/00General details of gearing
    • F16H57/08General details of gearing of gearings with members having orbital motion
    • F16H57/10Braking arrangements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2200/00Transmissions for multiple ratios
    • F16H2200/003Transmissions for multiple ratios characterised by the number of forward speeds
    • F16H2200/0034Transmissions for multiple ratios characterised by the number of forward speeds the gear ratios comprising two forward speeds
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2200/00Transmissions for multiple ratios
    • F16H2200/20Transmissions using gears with orbital motion
    • F16H2200/2002Transmissions using gears with orbital motion characterised by the number of sets of orbital gears
    • F16H2200/2007Transmissions using gears with orbital motion characterised by the number of sets of orbital gears with two sets of orbital gears
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2200/00Transmissions for multiple ratios
    • F16H2200/20Transmissions using gears with orbital motion
    • F16H2200/203Transmissions using gears with orbital motion characterised by the engaging friction means not of the freewheel type, e.g. friction clutches or brakes
    • F16H2200/2035Transmissions using gears with orbital motion characterised by the engaging friction means not of the freewheel type, e.g. friction clutches or brakes with two engaging means

Abstract

The invention discloses a two-gear gearbox of a pure electric sweeper. The two-gear gearbox comprises an input shaft, a connecting piece, an output shaft and a gearbox body. The input shaft is connected to the left side of the gearbox body, the output shaft is connected to the right side of the gearbox body, and the left side of the output shaft is provided with a sun gear and a second sun gear; a planet axle is arranged in the gearbox body and connected with a combined planet gear and a planet gear, the combined planet gear is meshed with the sun gear, and the planet gear is meshed with the second sun gear; an inner gear ring is arranged on the combined planet gear, provided with a front friction plate and meshed with the connecting piece, and a second inner gear ring is arranged on the planet gear and provided with a rear friction plate; a front brake steel sheet and a rear brake steel sheet are arranged in the gearbox body, a left air bag type sealing membrane is arranged on a front end cover, and a right air bag type sealing membrane is arranged on a rear end cover. The two-gear gearbox of the pure electric sweeper is simple in structure, small in size, free of maintenance, high in reliability, low in cost and high in transmission efficiency and achieves a full life cycle and modular production.

Description

A kind of two grades of gearboxes of pure electric cleaning car
Technical field
The present invention relates to gearbox field, refer more particularly to a kind of two grades of gearboxes of pure electric cleaning car.
Background technique
The power transmission mechanism of vehicle has generally comprised gearbox, transmission shaft, ransaxle, and wherein gearbox is for transferring power, the different speed ratio of conversion transmission, to obtain larger running speed scope; Current gearbox is all the combination that adopts point Flywheel disc, dry type friction plate and platen, and vehicle is owing to often needing half hitch to close step, and dry type friction disc wear is serious, requires frequent maintenance and replacement.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art and provide a kind of simple in structure, volume is little, two grades of gearboxes of the pure electric cleaning car of non-maintaining, life cycle management, high reliability.
The present invention realizes in the following way:
A kind of two grades of gearboxes of pure electric cleaning car, it is characterized in that: comprise input shaft 1, link 3, front cover 5, rear end cover 26, output shaft 28, gear box 29, described input shaft 1 is connected on the left side of gear box 29 by link 3, and described input shaft 1 is rotatable with respect to gear box 29; Described output shaft 28 is connected on the right side of gear box 29, and described output shaft 28 is rotatable with respect to gear box 29; The left side of described output shaft 28 is connected with the first sun gear 14 and the second sun gear 27; In described gear box 29, be connected with planet wheel shaft 25, on described planet wheel shaft 25, be connected with bind lines star-wheel 11 and planet wheel 24; Described bind lines star-wheel 11 is meshed with the first sun gear 14; Described planet wheel 24 is meshed with the second sun gear 27; On described bind lines star-wheel 11, be connected with the first ring gear 10, on described the first ring gear 10, be connected with some front friction plates 13; Described link 3 is meshed with the first ring gear 10; On described planet wheel 24, be connected with the second ring gear 21; On described the second ring gear 21, be connected with some rear friction plates 16; In described gear box 29, be provided with some front braking steel discs 12 and some rear braking steel discs 15; Between described some front braking steel discs 15 are adjacent between two, be provided with front release spring; Between described two adjacent front braking steel discs 12, be provided with a front friction plate 13; Between described some rear braking steel discs 15 are adjacent between two, be provided with rear release spring; Between described two adjacent rear braking steel discs 15, be provided with a rear friction plate 16;
Described front cover 5 and rear end cover 26 are connected to the two ends, left and right of gear box 29; On described front cover 5, be connected with left bellows seal film 6 by front platen 4, the right side wall of described left bellows seal film 6 is connected with left push-plate 18, and described left push-plate 8 is positioned at the left side of some front braking steel discs 12; Between described left push-plate 8 and some front braking steel discs 12, be provided with left Returnning spring 9, on described rear end cover 26, be connected with right bellows seal film 20 by rear platen 19, the left side wall of described right bellows seal film 20 is connected with right push-plate 18, and described right push-plate 18 is positioned at the right side of some rear braking steel discs 15; Between described right push-plate 18 and some rear braking steel discs 15, be provided with right Returnning spring 17, on described front cover 5 and rear end cover 26, be respectively equipped with front air intake and rear air intake; Described front air intake and rear air intake are connected with left bellows seal film 6 and right bellows seal film 20 respectively.
The left and right sides of described front friction plate 13 and rear friction plate 16 are connected with respectively one deck carbon fiber paper substrate.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: each air consumption is less than 0.05L(0.3Mpa air pressure), transmission efficiency is greater than 99%, and high reliability, modularization are produced, and component are few, and volume is little, non-maintaining, and cost is low and transmission efficiency is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment
Now by reference to the accompanying drawings, the specific embodiment of the invention is described in detail in detail:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of two grades of gearboxes of pure electric cleaning car, comprise input shaft 1, link 3, front cover 5, rear end cover 26, output shaft 28, gear box 29, input shaft 1 is connected on the left side of gear box 29 by link 3, and input shaft 1 is rotatable with respect to gear box 29; Output shaft 28 is connected on the right side of gear box 29, and output shaft 28 is rotatable with respect to gear box 29; The left side of output shaft 28 is connected with the first sun gear 14 and the second sun gear 27; In gear box 29, be connected with planet wheel shaft 25, on planet wheel shaft 25, be connected with bind lines star-wheel 11 and planet wheel 24; Bind lines star-wheel 11 is meshed with the first sun gear 14; Planet wheel 24 is meshed with the second sun gear 27; On bind lines star-wheel 11, be connected with on the first ring gear 10, the first ring gears 10 and be connected with some front friction plates 13; Link 3 is meshed with the first ring gear 10; On planet wheel 24, be connected with the second ring gear 21; On the second ring gear 21, be connected with some rear friction plates 16; In gear box 29, be provided with some front braking steel discs 12 and some rear braking steel discs 15; Between some front braking steel discs 15 are adjacent between two, be provided with front release spring; Between two adjacent front braking steel discs 12, be provided with a front friction plate 13; Between some rear braking steel discs 15 are adjacent between two, be provided with rear release spring; Between two adjacent rear braking steel discs 15, be provided with a rear friction plate 16; Front cover 5 and rear end cover 26 are connected to the two ends, left and right of gear box 29; On front cover 5, be connected with left bellows seal film 6 by front platen 4, the right side wall of left bellows seal film 6 is connected with left push-plate 18, and left push-plate 8 is positioned at the left side of some front braking steel discs 12; Between left push-plate 8 and some front braking steel discs 12, be provided with left Returnning spring 9, on rear end cover 26, be connected with right bellows seal film 20 by rear platen 19, the left side wall of right bellows seal film 20 is connected with right push-plate 18, and right push-plate 18 is positioned at the right side of some rear braking steel discs 15; Between right push-plate 18 and some rear braking steel discs 15, be provided with right Returnning spring 17, on front cover 5 and rear end cover 26, be respectively equipped with front air intake and rear air intake; Front air intake and rear air intake are connected with left bellows seal film 6 and right bellows seal film 20 respectively.
The present invention, in order to increase braking effect, is connected with respectively one deck carbon fiber paper substrate in the left and right sides of front friction plate 13 and rear friction plate 16.
Change into lower gear, input shaft 1 rotates, and drives planet wheel shaft 25 to rotate, thereby drives bind lines star-wheel 11 and the first sun gear 14 to rotate; Air pressure in the past air intake enters left bellows seal film 6, right bellows seal film 20 enters without gas, left push-plate 8 on the right side wall of left bellows seal film 6 pushes some front braking steel discs 12, make some front braking steel discs 12 and the mutual friction catch of some front friction plates 13, now some rear braking steel discs 15 and some rear friction plates 16 are separated from each other; Now bind lines star-wheel 11 rotates with the first ring gear 10 that forms braking, thereby drives the first sun gear 14 to rotate, and the first sun gear 14 drives output shaft 28 to rotate, and realizes low-grade output; In like manner, in the time of change into higher gear, input shaft 1 rotates, and drives planet wheel shaft 25 to rotate, thereby drives bind lines star-wheel 11 and planet wheel 24 to rotate; Air pressure enters right bellows seal film 20 from rear air intake, left bellows seal film 6 enters without gas, left push-plate 18 on the left side wall of right bellows seal film 20 pushes some rear braking steel discs 15, make some rear braking steel discs 15 and the mutual friction catch of some rear friction plates 16, now some front braking steel discs 12 and some front friction plates 13 are separated from each other, and bind lines star-wheel 11 drives the first ring gear 10 to dally; Now planet wheel 24 rotates with the second ring gear 21 that forms braking, thereby drives the second sun gear 27 to rotate, and the second sun gear 27 drives output shaft 28 to rotate, and realizes high-grade output.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present invention; every equivalent structure or conversion of equivalent flow process that utilizes specification of the present invention and accompanying drawing content to do; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. two of a pure electric cleaning car grades of gearboxes, it is characterized in that: comprise input shaft (1), link (3), front cover (5), rear end cover (26), output shaft (28), gear box (29), described input shaft (1) is connected on the left side of gear box (29) by link (3), and described input shaft (1) is rotatable with respect to gear box (29); Described output shaft (28) is connected on the right side of gear box (29), and described output shaft (28) is rotatable with respect to gear box (29); The left side of described output shaft (28) is connected with the first sun gear (14) and the second sun gear (27); In described gear box (29), be connected with planet wheel shaft (25), on described planet wheel shaft (25), be connected with bind lines star-wheel (11) and planet wheel (24); Described bind lines star-wheel (11) is meshed with the first sun gear (14); Described planet wheel (24) is meshed with the second sun gear (27); On described bind lines star-wheel (11), be connected with the first ring gear (10), on described the first ring gear (10), be connected with some front friction plates (13); Described link (3) is meshed with the first ring gear (10); On described planet wheel (24), be connected with the second ring gear (21); On described the second ring gear (21), be connected with some rear friction plates (16); In described gear box (29), be provided with some front braking steel discs (12) and some rear braking steel discs (15); Between described some front braking steel discs (15) are adjacent between two, be provided with front release spring; Between described two adjacent front braking steel discs (12), be provided with a front friction plate (13); Between described some rear braking steel discs (15) are adjacent between two, be provided with rear release spring; Between described two adjacent rear braking steel discs (15), be provided with a rear friction plate (16);
Described front cover (5) and rear end cover (26) are connected to the two ends, left and right of gear box (29); Described front cover (5) is upper is connected with left bellows seal film (6) by front platen (4), and the right side wall of described left bellows seal film (6) is connected with left push-plate (18), and described left push-plate (8) is positioned at the left side of some front braking steel discs (12); Between described left push-plate (8) and some front braking steel discs (12), be provided with left Returnning spring (9), described rear end cover (26) is upper is connected with right bellows seal film (20) by rear platen (19), the left side wall of described right bellows seal film (20) is connected with right push-plate (18), and described right push-plate (18) is positioned at the right side of some rear braking steel discs (15); Between described right push-plate (18) and some rear braking steel discs (15), be provided with right Returnning spring (17), on described front cover (5) and rear end cover (26), be respectively equipped with front air intake and rear air intake; Described front air intake and rear air intake are connected with left bellows seal film (6) and right bellows seal film (20) respectively.
2. two of a kind of pure electric cleaning car according to claim 1 grades of gearboxes, is characterized in that: the left and right sides of described front friction plate (13) and rear friction plate (16) are connected with respectively one deck carbon fiber paper substrate.
CN201410145706.7A 2014-04-13 2014-04-13 Two-gear gearbox of pure electric sweeper Pending CN103899719A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410145706.7A CN103899719A (en) 2014-04-13 2014-04-13 Two-gear gearbox of pure electric sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410145706.7A CN103899719A (en) 2014-04-13 2014-04-13 Two-gear gearbox of pure electric sweeper

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103899719A true CN103899719A (en) 2014-07-02

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410145706.7A Pending CN103899719A (en) 2014-04-13 2014-04-13 Two-gear gearbox of pure electric sweeper

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105351461A (en) * 2015-12-19 2016-02-24 福建亚南电机有限公司 High-reliability cylinder type second-gear planetary wheel gearbox
CN109695670A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-04-30 福建中青汽车技术有限公司 A kind of gearbox

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1522616A (en) * 1974-08-27 1978-08-23 Volvo Ab Epicyclic change-speed transmission systems
CN103010009A (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-04-03 河南科技大学 Electric vehicle power system and two-speed power transmission device thereof
CN203384341U (en) * 2013-07-26 2014-01-08 曾洁 Gearbox of hybrid or pure electric vehicle
CN203756881U (en) * 2014-04-13 2014-08-06 福建亚南电机有限公司 Two shift transmission of pure electric sweeper

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1522616A (en) * 1974-08-27 1978-08-23 Volvo Ab Epicyclic change-speed transmission systems
CN103010009A (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-04-03 河南科技大学 Electric vehicle power system and two-speed power transmission device thereof
CN203384341U (en) * 2013-07-26 2014-01-08 曾洁 Gearbox of hybrid or pure electric vehicle
CN203756881U (en) * 2014-04-13 2014-08-06 福建亚南电机有限公司 Two shift transmission of pure electric sweeper

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105351461A (en) * 2015-12-19 2016-02-24 福建亚南电机有限公司 High-reliability cylinder type second-gear planetary wheel gearbox
CN109695670A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-04-30 福建中青汽车技术有限公司 A kind of gearbox

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SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
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Application publication date: 20140702

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication