CN103866875B - A kind of building body shock-damping structure - Google Patents

A kind of building body shock-damping structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103866875B
CN103866875B CN201410115647.9A CN201410115647A CN103866875B CN 103866875 B CN103866875 B CN 103866875B CN 201410115647 A CN201410115647 A CN 201410115647A CN 103866875 B CN103866875 B CN 103866875B
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China
Prior art keywords
floor
building
damping
shock
reinforced concrete
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CN201410115647.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103866875A (en
Inventor
高家荣
刘伟
高健
张曙光
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黑龙江农垦建工有限公司
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Abstract

A kind of building body shock-damping structure, relates to a kind of building shock-damping structure.The present invention is in order to solve together with existing floor and wall, post, beam water and be integrated or seamlessly draw close, and when there is earthquake, this concentrated force collides building, produces the problem of the destruction that cannot repair.Floor of the present invention is supported on Vierendeel girder, certain gap is left between the edge of floor and adjacent wall or post, inserts is filled with in gap, wall between being provided with between floor and the Vierendeel girder on upper strata in length and breadth, in length and breadth, wall is assembled by vertical bar shaped reinforced concrete slab, the minor face up and down of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab is middle outer male structure, the outer male structure of the upper minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab is connected with the Vierendeel girder point on upper strata, the outer male structure of the lower minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab is connected with floor point, wall and leave certain gap between wall and post in length and breadth, inserts is filled with in gap.The present invention is particularly useful for the building such as school, market, house of earthquake-prone region.

Description

A kind of building body shock-damping structure

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of building shock-damping structure, be specifically related to a kind of building body shock-damping structure, belong to Antiseismic building technical field.

Background technology

The destruction of building in earthquake is the most serious disaster that earthquake causes the mankind.One of most important factor in design of building structures to the shockproof requirements of building.Seismic design be substantially requirement Building Design is built enough strong, for this all has strict demand to whole system and structural knot etc., but theory and practice proves, increasing many engineering quantitys so simply and strengthen building costs, is not unique direction of improving anti seismic efficiency.Rational flexible construction allows non-principal position to ftracture under seismic force effects, and possible specific rigidity building has better effect, and the cost of rigidity building is far away higher than the cost of flexible construction.

Frame system can only form usage space that is comparatively large and that open wide, frame system is widely adopted, the building of market, exhibition hall, this kind of personnel's comparatively dense of school often adopts framework or part frame system, because of the ability of frame system opposing horizontal loading, very large destruction can be caused in earthquake, cause serious life and property loss.

The destruction of earthquake to building is because of the huge sole mass of building, then the acceleration formed by earthquake and the seismic forces that produces causes.In framework and part frame system, the structure such as basis, wall, post beam, floor, is a part for composition earthquake resistant structure, again because the huge quality of self becomes in earthquake the destructive factor forming seismic forces.Wherein floor is final stage supporting construction in this structural system, because of the comparatively Daheng lotus of floor self, the most directly assume responsibility for the lotus that almost all lives of building thereon, can think under the effect of horizontal seismic force, the elevation location of floor at its place is applied with concentrated horizontal thrust to building, together with floor and wall, post, beam water and be integrated or seamlessly draw close, so this concentrated force collides building suddenly, instantaneously and produces and destroy when there is earthquake.Fig. 1 provides the mechanical simplified model of this structure, and housing represents building supporting system, and middle dividing plate represents floor.Under horizontal force action, floor directly can collide building.

Summary of the invention

The present invention is in order to solve together with existing floor and wall, post, beam water and be integrated or seamlessly draw close, and when there is earthquake, this concentrated force collides building, produces the problem of the destruction that cannot repair, and then provides a kind of building body shock-damping structure.

The technical solution used in the present invention is:

A kind of building of the present invention body shock-damping structure comprises by wall, post, the building body pouring frame of Vierendeel girder composition, building body shock-damping structure also comprises floor, described floor is supported on Vierendeel girder, certain gap is left between the edge of described floor and adjacent wall or post, inserts is filled with in gap, wall between being provided with between described floor and the Vierendeel girder on upper strata in length and breadth, described in length and breadth between wall assembled by vertical bar shaped reinforced concrete slab, the minor face up and down of described bar shaped reinforced concrete slab is middle outer male structure, the outer male structure of the upper minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab is connected with the Vierendeel girder point on upper strata, the outer male structure of the lower minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab is connected with floor point, wall and leave certain gap between wall and post in length and breadth, inserts is filled with in gap.

The point type of attachment that bar shaped reinforced concrete slab and Vierendeel girder and floor adopt, allows bar shaped reinforced concrete slab to produce rotation in earthquake, has certain degree of freedom, effectively resist seismic damage energy.

Preferred: to be filled with inserts in the space between the upper minor face of described bar shaped reinforced concrete slab and the Vierendeel girder on upper strata, in the space between the lower minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab and floor, to be also filled with inserts.

Preferred: described inserts is aerated blocks or perlite.The aerated blocks lower by intensity or perlite are as inserts, and when there is earthquake, floor produces aerated blocks or the perlite that powerful horizontal impulsive contact force crushes edge, consumes the energy of seismic damage, is delayed the collision of floor to building body pouring frame.

Preferred: described floor is precast floor slab or cast in situs floor.

Preferred: described floor is continuous slab.Application number disclosed in prior art is 201310128712X, patent name is the floor of the building body shock-damping structure that steel concrete is periodically mentioned in shock-damping structure and construction method is simply supported slab, in order to ensure the horizontal slip performance of simply supported slab, bearing place, can not fix between floor with beam wall is connected, simply supported slab produces destruction under the effect of seismic forces, the danger that slump is got off increases, and simply supported slab is very uneconomical.And the continuous slab that the present invention adopts is while having cushioning effect concurrently, also have cost low, be easy to construct and the high advantage of security performance.

Preferred: the bottom surface of described floor is equipped with sliding layer.Described sliding layer can be felt paper, graphite linings or nylon material.Setting like this, is convenient to floor and does horizontal movement in earthquake.

Preferred: described in length and breadth between wall assembled by vertical bar shaped reinforced concrete slab tongue and groove.Setting like this, is convenient to assembled.

Preferred: the steel bar rod diagonal of described Vierendeel girder being provided with turnbuckle.Setting like this, meets for there being the building system keeping horizontal rigidity designing requirement.

The present invention compared with prior art has following effect:

When an earthquake occurs, concentrate the floor of larger quality, create powerful horizontal impulsive contact force, floor slides along Vierendeel girder, crush the inserts at edge, drive simultaneously assembled in length and breadth between wall, between the shearing produced makes in length and breadth, the bar shaped reinforced concrete slab of wall is along assembled seam relative sliding, floor slides along Vierendeel girder, assembled bar shaped reinforced concrete slab shearing slip, and floor crushes the energy that inserts all consumes seismic damage, and seismic damage energy is constantly consumed in back and forth rocking, and floor is delayed and collides building, the destructiveness of earthquake to building is greatly reduced, the destruction that the present invention causes in earthquake is all foreseeable, acceptable, recoverable.

The present invention is applicable to the various buildings of frame system, shear force of frame wall system, can be used for all or part of floor or position, is particularly useful for the buildings such as the school of earthquake-prone region, market, house.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is existing building body structure mechanical simplified model figure;

Fig. 2 is building body shock-damping structure mechanical simplified model figure of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the floor map of building of the present invention body shock-damping structure;

Fig. 4 be building of the present invention body shock-damping structure cut open elevational schematic view;

Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 4, and the mechanism of action of the present invention (arrow represents the direction of motion at seismic force effects) under being presented at action of horizontal seismic;

In figure: 1 is wall, 2 is post, and 3 is Vierendeel girder, and 4 is floor, and 5 is inserts, and 6 is bar shaped reinforced concrete slab, and 6-1 is outer male structure, and 7 is sliding layer.

Detailed description of the invention

Elaborate the preferred embodiment of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings below.

Detailed description of the invention: the building body shock-damping structure of present embodiment comprises by wall 1, post 2, the building body pouring frame that Vierendeel girder 3 forms, building body shock-damping structure also comprises floor 4, described floor 4 is supported on Vierendeel girder 3, certain gap is left between the edge of described floor 4 and adjacent wall 1 or post 2, inserts 5 is filled with in gap, wall between being provided with in length and breadth between described floor 4 and the Vierendeel girder 3 on upper strata, described in length and breadth between wall assembled by vertical bar shaped reinforced concrete slab 6, the minor face up and down of described bar shaped reinforced concrete slab 6 is middle outer male structure 6-1, the outer male structure 6-1 of the upper minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab 6 is connected with the Vierendeel girder on upper strata 3, 4, outer male structure 6-1 and the floor of the lower minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab 6 are connected, wall and leave certain gap between wall 1 and post 2 in length and breadth, inserts 5 is filled with in gap, be filled with inserts 5 in space between the upper minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab 6 and the Vierendeel girder 3 on upper strata, in the space between the lower minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab 6 and floor 4, be also filled with inserts 5, described inserts 5 is aerated blocks or perlite, described floor 4 is precast floor slab or cast in situs floor, described floor 4 is continuous slab, the bottom surface of described floor 4 is equipped with sliding layer 7, described in length and breadth between wall assembled by vertical bar shaped reinforced concrete slab 6 tongue and groove.

The present invention is under the effect of horizontal pressure force, the inserts be extruded alleviates impulsive contact force, alleviate the destruction that earthquake produces, bar shaped reinforced concrete slab ftractures along assembled wall along assembled seam, the inserts of floor edge, a wall lower edges is crushed, and these destructions are all foreseeable, acceptable, recoverable.

The direction of horizontal seismic force usually and the direction in length and breadth of architectural plane by certain angle, respectively have component in both direction in length and breadth, floor and a wall can be resisted respectively in two directions in length and breadth.

Technical requirements of the present invention: in construction, floor must not be built with Vierendeel girder and is integrated, should after Vierendeel girder completes completely in construction, then on Vierendeel girder cast in situs floor or assembled precast plate.

The exemplary illustration of present embodiment just to this patent, does not limit its protection domain, and those skilled in the art can also change, as long as no the Spirit Essence exceeding this patent, in the protection domain of this patent its local.

Claims (8)

1. a building body shock-damping structure, comprise by wall (1), post (2), the building body pouring frame that Vierendeel girder (3) forms, it is characterized in that: building body shock-damping structure also comprises floor (4), described floor (4) is supported on Vierendeel girder (3), certain gap is left between the edge of described floor (4) and adjacent wall (1) or post (2), inserts (5) is filled with in gap, wall between being provided with in length and breadth between the Vierendeel girder (3) on described floor (4) and upper strata, described in length and breadth between wall assembled by vertical bar shaped reinforced concrete slab (6), the minor face up and down of described bar shaped reinforced concrete slab (6) is middle outer male structure (6-1), the outer male structure (6-1) of the upper minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab (6) is connected with Vierendeel girder (3) point on upper strata, the outer male structure (6-1) of the lower minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab (6) is connected with floor (4) point, wall and leave certain gap between wall (1) and post (2) in length and breadth, inserts (5) is filled with in gap.
2. a kind of building according to claim 1 body shock-damping structure, it is characterized in that: in the space between the upper minor face of described bar shaped reinforced concrete slab (6) and the Vierendeel girder (3) on upper strata, be filled with inserts (5), in the space between the lower minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab (6) and floor (4), be also filled with inserts (5).
3. a kind of building according to claim 2 body shock-damping structure, is characterized in that: described inserts (5) is aerated blocks or perlite.
4. a kind of building body shock-damping structure according to claim 1,2 or 3, is characterized in that: described floor (4) is precast floor slab or cast in situs floor.
5. a kind of building according to claim 4 body shock-damping structure, is characterized in that: described floor (4) is continuous slab.
6. a kind of building according to claim 5 body shock-damping structure, is characterized in that: the bottom surface of described floor (4) is equipped with sliding layer (7).
7. a kind of building according to claim 1 body shock-damping structure, is characterized in that: described in length and breadth between wall assembled by vertical bar shaped reinforced concrete slab (6) tongue and groove.
8. a kind of building according to claim 7 body shock-damping structure, is characterized in that: the steel bar rod diagonal of described Vierendeel girder (3) being provided with turnbuckle.
CN201410115647.9A 2014-03-26 2014-03-26 A kind of building body shock-damping structure CN103866875B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410115647.9A CN103866875B (en) 2014-03-26 2014-03-26 A kind of building body shock-damping structure

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CN103866875B true CN103866875B (en) 2016-01-20

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106522399B (en) * 2016-11-09 2018-10-02 昆明理工大学 A kind of installation method of wall sinker
CN106758809A (en) * 2017-03-12 2017-05-31 孙云明 A kind of liftable guardrail device for municipal bridge
CN107587628B (en) * 2017-09-23 2019-07-05 天津市盛泰建筑工程有限公司 A kind of shear wall structure and its pouring procedure
CN108824663B (en) * 2018-07-04 2020-05-26 什邡泰锐钢结构工程有限公司 Three-dimensional multi-order yielding blocking building tumbler structure and component under extreme earthquake
CN110700406A (en) * 2019-10-17 2020-01-17 韶关市欧姆机电设备有限公司 Anti-seismic profile steel structure for building

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1413282A (en) * 2000-10-24 2003-04-23 奥依列斯工业株式会社 Vibration control structure
CN101024986A (en) * 2007-02-08 2007-08-29 广州大学 Storied-building board energy-eliminating shock-insulating structure
CN101122150A (en) * 2007-08-31 2008-02-13 广东省建筑设计研究院 Shock absorption wall and construction method thereof
CN101476360A (en) * 2009-01-20 2009-07-08 北京交通大学 Novel energy-consumption shock-absorbing filling wall board used for frame structure
JP2011184900A (en) * 2010-03-05 2011-09-22 Shimizu Corp Earthquake-resisting wall structure of building
CN103603440A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-26 广州大学 Shock-isolating connecting structure adaptable to rural buildings and construction method of shock isolating layer

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1413282A (en) * 2000-10-24 2003-04-23 奥依列斯工业株式会社 Vibration control structure
CN101024986A (en) * 2007-02-08 2007-08-29 广州大学 Storied-building board energy-eliminating shock-insulating structure
CN101122150A (en) * 2007-08-31 2008-02-13 广东省建筑设计研究院 Shock absorption wall and construction method thereof
CN101476360A (en) * 2009-01-20 2009-07-08 北京交通大学 Novel energy-consumption shock-absorbing filling wall board used for frame structure
JP2011184900A (en) * 2010-03-05 2011-09-22 Shimizu Corp Earthquake-resisting wall structure of building
CN103603440A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-26 广州大学 Shock-isolating connecting structure adaptable to rural buildings and construction method of shock isolating layer

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