CN103866875A - Building shock absorption structure - Google Patents

Building shock absorption structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103866875A
CN103866875A CN201410115647.9A CN201410115647A CN103866875A CN 103866875 A CN103866875 A CN 103866875A CN 201410115647 A CN201410115647 A CN 201410115647A CN 103866875 A CN103866875 A CN 103866875A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
building
floor
reinforced concrete
shaped reinforced
damping
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CN201410115647.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103866875B (en
Inventor
高家荣
刘伟
高健
张曙光
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黑龙江农垦建工有限公司
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Priority to CN201410115647.9A priority Critical patent/CN103866875B/en
Publication of CN103866875A publication Critical patent/CN103866875A/en
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Publication of CN103866875B publication Critical patent/CN103866875B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a building shock absorption structure, and relates to a construction shock absorption structure. The building shock absorption structure is used for solving the problems that due to the fact that an existing floor slab is integrated with walls, columns and beams in a pouring mode or the existing floor slab, the walls, the columns and the beams are close together in a gapless mode, when an earthquake happens, concentrated force collides with a building, and damage which cannot be repaired is caused. According to the building shock absorption structure, a floor slab is supported by a frame beam, a gap with a certain size is reserved between the edge of the floor slab and an adjacent wall or column, the gap is filled with filling materials, a vertical and horizontal interwall is arranged between the floor slab and the portion, on the upper layer, of the frame beam, the vertical and horizontal interwall is formed by vertical strip-shaped reinforced concrete plates in an assembly mode, the upper short edge and the lower short edge of each strip-shaped reinforced concrete plate are respectively of a structure with the outwards-protruding middle, the outwards-protruding structures of the upper short edges of the strip-shaped reinforced concrete plates are connected with frame beam points on the upper layer, the outwards-protruding structures of the lower short edges of the strip-shaped reinforced concrete plates are connected with floor slab points, a gap with a certain size is reserved between the vertical and horizontal interwall and a wall, a gap with a certain size is reserved between the vertical and horizontal interwall and a column, and the gaps are filled with filling materials. The building shock absorption structure is particularly applicable to buildings, such as schools, shopping malls and houses, in earthquake-prone regions.

Description

A kind of building body shock-damping structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building shock-damping structure, be specifically related to a kind of building body shock-damping structure, belong to Antiseismic building technical field.
Background technology
The destruction of building in earthquake is the most serious disaster that earthquake causes the mankind.One of most important factor in design of building structures to the shockproof requirements of building.Substantially that to be requirement build Building Design to seismic design is enough strong, for this all has strict demand to whole system and structural knot etc., but theory and practice proves, increases many engineering quantitys so simply and strengthens building costs, is not the unique direction that improves anti seismic efficiency.Reasonably flexible construction allows non-main position to ftracture under seismic force effects, and possible specific rigidity building has better effect, and the cost that rigidity is built is far away higher than the cost of flexible construction.
Frame system can only form usage space large and that open wide, frame system is widely adopted, the building of market, exhibition hall, this class personnel of school comparatively dense often adopts framework or part frame system, because of the ability of frame system opposing horizontal loading, can in earthquake, cause very large destruction, cause serious life and property loss.
Earthquake is the sole mass huge because of building to the destruction of building, then the acceleration being formed by earthquake and the seismic forces that produces causes.The structure such as basis, wall, post beam, floor in framework and part frame system is a part for composition earthquake resistant structure, again because the huge quality of self becomes the destructive factor that forms seismic forces in earthquake.Wherein floor is final stage supporting construction in this structural system, because of floor self compared with Daheng lotus, the most directly bear the lotus that almost all lives of building thereon, can think under the effect of horizontal seismic force, floor has applied concentrated horizontal thrust in the absolute altitude position at its place to building, together with floor and wall, post, beam water and be integrated or seamlessly draw close, so this concentrated force collides suddenly, instantaneously building and produces and destroy while there is earthquake.Fig. 1 provides the simplification mechanical model of this structure, and housing represents building supporting system, and middle dividing plate represents floor.Under horizontal force action, floor can directly collide building.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is in order to solve together with existing floor and wall, post, beam water and be integrated or seamlessly draw close, and while there is earthquake, this concentrated force collides building, the problem of the destruction that generation cannot be repaired, and then a kind of building body shock-damping structure is provided.
The technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of building of the present invention body shock-damping structure comprises by wall, post, the building body pouring frame of Vierendeel girder composition, building body shock-damping structure also comprises floor, described floor is supported on Vierendeel girder, between the edge of described floor and adjacent wall or post, leave certain gap, in gap, be filled with inserts, wall between being provided with in length and breadth between described floor and the Vierendeel girder on upper strata, described in length and breadth between wall assembled by vertical bar shaped reinforced concrete slab, the minor face up and down of described bar shaped reinforced concrete slab is middle outer male structure, the outer male structure of the upper minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab is connected with the Vierendeel girder point on upper strata, the outer male structure of the lower minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab is connected with floor point, in length and breadth, between wall and wall and post, leave certain gap, in gap, be filled with inserts.
The point type of attachment that bar shaped reinforced concrete slab and Vierendeel girder and floor adopt, allows bar shaped reinforced concrete slab to rotate in earthquake, has certain degree of freedom, effectively resists seismic damage energy.
Preferred: in the space between upper minor face and the Vierendeel girder on upper strata of described bar shaped reinforced concrete slab, to be filled with inserts, in the space between lower minor face and the floor of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab, to be also filled with inserts.
Preferred: described inserts is aerated blocks or perlite.With the lower aerated blocks of intensity or perlite, as inserts, in the time there is earthquake, floor produces powerful horizontal impulsive contact force and crushes aerated blocks or the perlite at edge, has consumed the energy of seismic damage, has postponed the collision of floor to building body pouring frame.
Preferred: described floor is precast floor slab or cast in situs floor.
Preferred: described floor is continuous slab.In prior art, disclosed application number is 201310128712X, patent name is that the floor of the building body shock-damping structure periodically mentioned in shock-damping structure and construction method of steel concrete is simply supported slab, in order to ensure the horizontal slip performance of simply supported slab, between bearing place, floor and beam wall, can not fix and be connected, simply supported slab produces destruction under the effect of seismic forces, the fallen danger of collapsing increases, and simply supported slab is very uneconomical.And the continuous slab that the present invention adopts is in having cushioning effect concurrently, also have advantages of that cost is low, be easy to construction and security performance high.
Preferred: on the bottom surface of described floor, to be equipped with sliding layer.Described sliding layer can be felt paper, graphite linings or nylon material.So arrange, be convenient to floor and in earthquake, do horizontal movement.
Preferred: described in length and breadth between wall assembled by vertical bar shaped reinforced concrete slab tongue and groove.So arrange, be convenient to assembled.
Preferred: the steel bar rod that is provided with turnbuckle on the diagonal of described Vierendeel girder.So arrange, meet the building system that keeps horizontal rigidity designing requirement for having.
The present invention compared with prior art has following effect:
In the time that earthquake occurs, concentrate the floor of larger quality, produce powerful horizontal impulsive contact force, floor slides along Vierendeel girder, crush the inserts at edge, drive simultaneously assembled in length and breadth between wall, the shearing producing make in length and breadth between the bar shaped reinforced concrete slab of wall along assembled seam relative sliding, floor slides along Vierendeel girder, assembled bar shaped reinforced concrete slab is sheared and is slided, and floor crushing inserts has all consumed the energy of seismic damage, and in back and forth rocking, constantly consume seismic damage energy, and floor has postponed building to collide, earthquake is greatly reduced the destructiveness of building, the destruction that the present invention causes in earthquake is all foreseeable, acceptable, recoverable.
The present invention is applicable to the various buildings of frame system, shear force of frame wall system, can be used for all or part of floor or position, is particularly useful for the buildings such as the school, market, house of earthquake-prone region.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is that existing building body structure is simplified mechanics illustraton of model;
Fig. 2 is that building of the present invention body shock-damping structure is simplified mechanics illustraton of model;
Fig. 3 is the floor map of building of the present invention body shock-damping structure;
Fig. 4 is the elevational schematic view of cuing open of building of the present invention body shock-damping structure;
Fig. 5 is the A place partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 4, and is presented at the mechanism of action of the present invention under action of horizontal seismic (arrow is illustrated in the direction of motion of seismic force effects);
In figure: 1 is wall, 2 is post, and 3 is Vierendeel girder, and 4 is floor, and 5 is inserts, and 6 is bar shaped reinforced concrete slab, and 6-1 is outer male structure, and 7 is sliding layer.
Detailed description of the invention
Elaborate with reference to the accompanying drawings the preferred embodiment of the present invention below.
Detailed description of the invention: the building body shock-damping structure of present embodiment comprises by wall 1, post 2, the building body pouring frame that Vierendeel girder 3 forms, building body shock-damping structure also comprises floor 4, described floor 4 is supported on Vierendeel girder 3, between the edge of described floor 4 and adjacent wall 1 or post 2, leave certain gap, in gap, be filled with inserts 5, wall between being provided with in length and breadth between described floor 4 and the Vierendeel girder 3 on upper strata, described in length and breadth between wall assembled by vertical bar shaped reinforced concrete slab 6, the minor face up and down of described bar shaped reinforced concrete slab 6 is middle outer male structure 6-1, the outer male structure 6-1 of the upper minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab 6 is connected with 3 of the Vierendeel girders on upper strata, the outer male structure 6-1 of the lower minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab 6 is connected with 4, floor, in length and breadth, between wall and wall 1 and post 2, leave certain gap, in gap, be filled with inserts 5, in space between the upper minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab 6 and the Vierendeel girder 3 on upper strata, be filled with inserts 5, in the space between lower minor face and the floor 4 of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab 6, be also filled with inserts 5, described inserts 5 is aerated blocks or perlite, described floor 4 is precast floor slab or cast in situs floor, described floor 4 is continuous slab, on the bottom surface of described floor 4, be equipped with sliding layer 7, described in length and breadth between wall assembled by vertical bar shaped reinforced concrete slab 6 tongue and grooves.
The present invention is under the effect of horizontal pressure force, the inserts being extruded has been alleviated impulsive contact force, alleviate the destruction that earthquake produces, bar shaped reinforced concrete slab ftractures along assembled seam along assembled wall, on floor edge, a wall, the inserts of lower limb is crushed, and these destructions are all foreseeable, acceptable, recoverable.
The direction of horizontal seismic force conventionally and the direction in length and breadth of architectural plane by certain angle, respectively have component at both direction in length and breadth, floor and a wall can be resisted respectively in two directions in length and breadth.
Technical requirements of the present invention: in construction, floor must not be built and be integrated with Vierendeel girder, should be after Vierendeel girder completes completely in construction, then on Vierendeel girder cast in situs floor or assembled precast plate.
Present embodiment is the exemplary illustration to this patent just, does not limit its protection domain, and those skilled in the art can also change its part, as long as no the Spirit Essence that exceeds this patent, all in the protection domain of this patent.

Claims (8)

1.Yi Zhong building body shock-damping structure, comprise by wall (1), post (2), the building body pouring frame of Vierendeel girder (3) composition, it is characterized in that: building body shock-damping structure also comprises floor (4), described floor (4) is supported on Vierendeel girder (3), between the edge of described floor (4) and adjacent wall (1) or post (2), leave certain gap, in gap, be filled with inserts (5), wall between being provided with in length and breadth between the Vierendeel girder (3) on described floor (4) and upper strata, described in length and breadth between wall assembled by vertical bar shaped reinforced concrete slab (6), the minor face up and down of described bar shaped reinforced concrete slab (6) is middle outer male structure (6-1), the outer male structure (6-1) of the upper minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab (6) is connected with Vierendeel girder (3) point on upper strata, the outer male structure (6-1) of the lower minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab (6) is connected with floor (4) point, in length and breadth, between wall and wall (1) and post (2), leave certain gap, in gap, be filled with inserts (5).
2. a kind of building according to claim 1 body shock-damping structure, it is characterized in that: in the space between the Vierendeel girder (3) on the upper minor face of described bar shaped reinforced concrete slab (6) and upper strata, be filled with inserts (5), in the space between the lower minor face of bar shaped reinforced concrete slab (6) and floor (4), be also filled with inserts (5).
3. a kind of building according to claim 2 body shock-damping structure, is characterized in that: described inserts (5) is aerated blocks or perlite.
4. according to a kind of building body shock-damping structure described in claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described floor (4) is precast floor slab or cast in situs floor.
5. a kind of building according to claim 4 body shock-damping structure, is characterized in that: described floor (4) is continuous slab.
6. a kind of building according to claim 5 body shock-damping structure, is characterized in that: on the bottom surface of described floor (4), be equipped with sliding layer (7).
7. a kind of building according to claim 1 body shock-damping structure, is characterized in that: described in length and breadth between wall assembled by vertical bar shaped reinforced concrete slab (6) tongue and groove.
8. a kind of building according to claim 7 body shock-damping structure, is characterized in that: the steel bar rod that is provided with turnbuckle on the diagonal of described Vierendeel girder (3).
CN201410115647.9A 2014-03-26 2014-03-26 A kind of building body shock-damping structure CN103866875B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106522399A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-03-22 昆明理工大学 Mounting method of wall type energy dissipation device
CN106758809A (en) * 2017-03-12 2017-05-31 孙云明 A kind of liftable guardrail device for municipal bridge
CN107587628A (en) * 2017-09-23 2018-01-16 天津市盛泰建筑工程有限公司 A kind of shear wall structure and its pouring procedure
CN108824663A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-11-16 什邡泰锐钢结构工程有限公司 Pole shakes lower three-dimensional multistage yielding and stops to build construction and component
CN110700406A (en) * 2019-10-17 2020-01-17 韶关市欧姆机电设备有限公司 Anti-seismic profile steel structure for building

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1413282A (en) * 2000-10-24 2003-04-23 奥依列斯工业株式会社 Vibration control structure
CN101024986A (en) * 2007-02-08 2007-08-29 广州大学 Storied-building board energy-eliminating shock-insulating structure
CN101122150A (en) * 2007-08-31 2008-02-13 广东省建筑设计研究院 Shock absorption wall and construction method thereof
CN101476360A (en) * 2009-01-20 2009-07-08 北京交通大学 Novel energy-consumption shock-absorbing filling wall board used for frame structure
JP2011184900A (en) * 2010-03-05 2011-09-22 Shimizu Corp Earthquake-resisting wall structure of building
CN103603440A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-26 广州大学 Shock-isolating connecting structure adaptable to rural buildings and construction method of shock isolating layer

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1413282A (en) * 2000-10-24 2003-04-23 奥依列斯工业株式会社 Vibration control structure
CN101024986A (en) * 2007-02-08 2007-08-29 广州大学 Storied-building board energy-eliminating shock-insulating structure
CN101122150A (en) * 2007-08-31 2008-02-13 广东省建筑设计研究院 Shock absorption wall and construction method thereof
CN101476360A (en) * 2009-01-20 2009-07-08 北京交通大学 Novel energy-consumption shock-absorbing filling wall board used for frame structure
JP2011184900A (en) * 2010-03-05 2011-09-22 Shimizu Corp Earthquake-resisting wall structure of building
CN103603440A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-26 广州大学 Shock-isolating connecting structure adaptable to rural buildings and construction method of shock isolating layer

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106522399A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-03-22 昆明理工大学 Mounting method of wall type energy dissipation device
CN106758809A (en) * 2017-03-12 2017-05-31 孙云明 A kind of liftable guardrail device for municipal bridge
CN107587628A (en) * 2017-09-23 2018-01-16 天津市盛泰建筑工程有限公司 A kind of shear wall structure and its pouring procedure
CN107587628B (en) * 2017-09-23 2019-07-05 天津市盛泰建筑工程有限公司 A kind of shear wall structure and its pouring procedure
CN108824663A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-11-16 什邡泰锐钢结构工程有限公司 Pole shakes lower three-dimensional multistage yielding and stops to build construction and component
CN108824663B (en) * 2018-07-04 2020-05-26 什邡泰锐钢结构工程有限公司 Three-dimensional multi-order yielding blocking building tumbler structure and component under extreme earthquake
CN110700406A (en) * 2019-10-17 2020-01-17 韶关市欧姆机电设备有限公司 Anti-seismic profile steel structure for building

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