CN103835873B - Wind gathering and power generation device - Google Patents

Wind gathering and power generation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103835873B
CN103835873B CN201210484242.3A CN201210484242A CN103835873B CN 103835873 B CN103835873 B CN 103835873B CN 201210484242 A CN201210484242 A CN 201210484242A CN 103835873 B CN103835873 B CN 103835873B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wind
wind gathering
gathering cylinder
horn mouth
blower fan
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201210484242.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103835873A (en
Inventor
黄宝文
黄郑隽
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黄宝文
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 黄宝文 filed Critical 黄宝文
Priority to CN201210484242.3A priority Critical patent/CN103835873B/en
Publication of CN103835873A publication Critical patent/CN103835873A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103835873B publication Critical patent/CN103835873B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D1/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D1/04Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor  having stationary wind-guiding means, e.g. with shrouds or channels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D3/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D3/04Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor  having stationary wind-guiding means, e.g. with shrouds or channels
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction

Abstract

Provided is a wind gathering and power generation device. The wind gathering and power generation device at least comprises a first wind gathering barrel (11) and a second wind gathering barrel (12). At least a first draught fan (14) and a second draught fan (15) are installed in the gathering barrels and are correspondingly provided with air inlet ducts. The air inlet duct of the first wind gathering barrel (11) makes the first draught fan (14) rotate and generate electricity, wind energy allowance is not lost and wasted due to a salad barrel body and can be gathered into the air inlet duct of the second wind gathering barrel (12) so as to make the second draught fan (15) rotate and generate electricity. The wind energy captured by the wind gathering and power generation device can be utilized more efficiently.

Description

A kind of electric generating apparatus by collecting wind
Technical field
The present invention relates to wind generating technology equipment, more particularly, to a kind of can the wind gathering of efficient utilization wind energy send out located at wind field Electric installation.
Background technology
Existing wind field typically arranges flat axle blower fan or vertical shaft fan generates electricity, and the setting of adjacent blower fan all around will reserve Large pitch, a lot of wind energies of wind field to be wasted;The wind energy of fan blade wind sweeping area can not make full use of, average only using being captured Wind energy less than half, blower fan using after wind energy surplus be substantially not only to lose, and random wind can be caused toward contact, impact Adjacent blower fan utilizes wind energy.Therefore, existing wind energy turbine set floor space is very big, and wind catching area is less, and the utilization rate of wind energy is relatively low; Wind field construction investment is very big, but installed capacity and generated energy are less.
According to fluid mechanics principle, the utilization rate of wind energy can be improved using wind-gathering device, but current wind power generation is usually Single wind gathering cylinder standalone, air intake makes the wind energy surplus that blower fan rotates after generating electricity all not recycle.As《Wide-mouth wind gathering seals bucket Formula wind power generating set series》(Number of patent application:200510072116.7)If, a horn mouth wind guiding tube wind gathering, air outlet If blower fan.For capturing more wind energies, should " wide-mouth wind concentrator " or even build up height and reach 300 to 500 meters, but wind energy surplus is also not have Recycling is had to lose.Therefore existing wind power generation wind energy the most efficient using being also not reaching to, mainly also should The technical equipment that wind energy surplus recycles.
Content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention be overcome flat axle blower fan or vertical shaft fan and existing electric generating apparatus by collecting wind Wind energy extraction amount few, The low defect of utilization rate, provides and a kind of can farthest capture wind energy and improve the electric generating apparatus by collecting wind of wind energy utilization.
The electric generating apparatus by collecting wind technical scheme that the present invention provides:Wind gathering cylinder at least combined by two horn mouth wind gathering cylinders and Become, they in tandem, one section of the rear portion of previous horn mouth wind gathering cylinder is stretched in a rear horn mouth wind gathering cylinder, in them Heart point be aligned is fixedly installed, between the outer wall at one section of previous horn mouth wind gathering cylinder rear portion and the inwall of a rear horn mouth wind gathering cylinder Every the intake air way constituting a rear horn mouth wind gathering cylinder, in two horn mouth wind gathering cylinders, it is respectively mounted wind-driven generator(Below Referred to as " blower fan "), the wind energy surplus after the air intake of previous horn mouth wind gathering cylinder makes blower fan rotate can import rear loudspeaker The air intake of mouth wind gathering cylinder intake air way makes blower fan rotate generating.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:(1)The utilization rate of wind energy can be improved to greatest extent.Flat axle blower fan or vertical shaft fan, The monotubular standalone of existing wind power generation, during wind turbine power generation wind energy surplus all could not/have recycling.Wind gathering cylinder of the present invention at least sets Two Fans, every Fans all have intake air way, a big intake air way make above one Fans rotate generate electricity after, wind energy surplus by In there being cylinder will not lose, the air intake that can import a little intake air way makes Fans next rotate generating, and wind gathering cylinder is caught The wind energy obtaining obtains abundant, efficient utilization.(2)Build on " wind-powered electricity generation dam ", so that wind field is become " wind park ", the wind catching area of wind field Can expand to greatest extent.For vertical:The height that wind gathering cylinder overlaps than wind caught by existing flat axle blower fan is higher, can be maximum The high-quality wind energy of limit ground capture wind field eminence;For laterally:The wind energy of flat axle blower fan or vertical shaft fan spacing is set Capture, that is, the wind energy in " wind-powered electricity generation dam " area can all capture without exception, and can get abundant, efficient utilization.(3)There is wide-angle Catch wind and two-way catch wind function.Horn mouth can arrange wind guide vane, can polarizers of big angle scope be used for generating electricity by wind energy importing wind gathering cylinder; Two is all set as bell-mouthed wind gathering cylinder, can utilize the wind energy of different directions in the capture of different wind seasons, such as summer can capture the southeast Wind, winter can capture northwester.(4)" wind-powered electricity generation dam " takes up an area few, a large amount of soils of saving.Wind gathering tube length about 20-30 rice, i.e. " wind-powered electricity generation Dam " takes up an area and need only be multiplied by the area of wind gathering tube length degree, same installed capacity by its width, and taking up an area also must not flat axle blower fan or vertical axis The 1/10-20 of blower fan wind field.(5)Same wind field installed capacity and generated energy are big.Due to taking up an area less, wind gathering make use of more than wind energy Amount, wind field builds " wind-powered electricity generation dam " installed capacity than setting flat axle blower fan or vertical shaft fan improves many times.As flat axle blower fan 1000 Kilowatt need about 2200 square metres of wind sweeping areas, and so that blower fan is rotated to generate electricity and actually only utilize about the 1/3 of wind sweeping area wind energy. At least two intake air ways of electric generating apparatus by collecting wind of the present invention and at least set two Fans in wind gathering cylinder, wind gathering and wind energy surplus is not Can waste, the air intake that can import another intake air way makes the blower fan of another corresponding power rotate generating, and same wind field installation is held Amount and generated energy all can be improved.(6)Networking current stabilization.Electric generating apparatus by collecting wind favorably arranges relevant apparatus, controls blower fan In all cases can normal power generation, such as strong wind(Typhoon)Or all need not shut down during less than rated wind speed, specified work(can be kept Rate generates electricity and stable online electric current.(7)Small investment.Frame structure is built with armored concrete, and wind gathering cylinder is with armored concrete Or plastic or other material manufacture or prefabricated components assembling, low cost of manufacture;Wind field takes up an area less, has saved a large amount of soils i.e. corresponding minimizing Investment.
Electric generating apparatus by collecting wind of the present invention and wind-powered electricity generation dam be favourable develop account for wind energy most in, low wind speed resource;Have The exploitation of sharp distributing grid connected wind power, in much local large-scale wind electricity bases that can achieve that building national is carried forward vigorously.Wind-powered electricity generation becomes This will substantially reduce, and yield will increase substantially, and wind-powered electricity generation is expected to become main electric energy, thus saving a large amount of coals, fuel oil, natural The non-renewable energy resources such as gas, reduce carbon emission.
(4) brief description
Fig. 1 is the recycling electric generating apparatus by collecting wind cross-sectional schematic of bitubular two-shipper wind energy surplus
(Five)Specific embodiment
In Fig. 1, wind gathering cylinder 1 is made up of in tandem the first wind gathering cylinder 11 and the second wind gathering cylinder 12, and the second wind gathering cylinder 12 can Than the first wind gathering cylinder 11 suitably more greatly;One section of first wind gathering cylinder, 11 rear portion is stretched in the second wind gathering cylinder 12, their central point pair It is fixedly installed together;The interval of the outer wall at one section of the first wind gathering cylinder 11 rear portion and the second wind gathering cylinder 12 inwall constitutes the second wind gathering cylinder 12 Intake air way 13.First wind gathering cylinder 11 and the second wind gathering cylinder 12 are installed with the first blower fan 14 and the second blower fan 15, constitute wind gathering and send out Electric installation.After the air intake of the first wind gathering cylinder 11 makes the first blower fan 14 rotate generating, will not scatter and disappear because cylinder seals its wind energy surplus Slattern, the air intake that can import the intake air way 13 of the second wind gathering cylinder 12 makes the second blower fan 15 rotate generating, and wind energy surplus obtains again Using efficient utilization wind energy, thus farthest improve the utilization rate of caught wind energy.
The device 16 of approximate cone-shape can be set before blower fan, or the main frame head of the first blower fan 14 and the second blower fan 15 is set Become conehead shape or approximately half elliptic, so that air channel becomes tapered again, improve wind speed further and wind energy is focused on blower fan Moment at.
First wind gathering cylinder 11 or gating 17, in order to staff's turnover when incessant sweating due to affection by pathogenic wind or maintenance electric generating apparatus by collecting wind.Door 17 set intelligent apparatus control, and wind-force is to a certain degree can automatic switch.In the horn mouth of the first wind gathering cylinder 11, some fans can be set Rectilinear wind guide vane, wind guide vane is carried out wind and is blown to rotate angle changing, wind energy can be imported polarizers of big angle scope profit in wind gathering cylinder With.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of electric generating apparatus by collecting wind, be made up of wind gathering cylinder and blower fan it is characterised in that:Wind gathering cylinder(1)At least by two loudspeaker Mouth the first wind gathering cylinder(11)With horn mouth the second wind gathering cylinder(12)Combine, they in tandem, horn mouth the first wind gathering cylinder (11)One section of rear portion stretch into horn mouth the second wind gathering cylinder(12)Interior, their central point be aligned is fixedly installed;Horn mouth first Wind gathering cylinder(11)The outer wall that one section of rear portion and horn mouth the second wind gathering cylinder(12)Inwall interval constitute horn mouth the second wind gathering cylinder (12)Intake air way(13);Horn mouth the first wind gathering cylinder(11)With horn mouth the second wind gathering cylinder(12)In be respectively mounted the first wind Machine(14)With the second blower fan(15), horn mouth the first wind gathering cylinder(11)Air intake make the first blower fan(14)Rotate the wind energy after generating electricity Surplus can import horn mouth the second wind gathering cylinder(12)Intake air way(13)Air intake make the second blower fan(15)Rotate and generate electricity.
2. according to the electric generating apparatus by collecting wind described in claim 1 it is characterised in that:In the first blower fan(14)With the second blower fan(15) Before or setting approximate cone-shape device(16), or by the first blower fan(14)With the second blower fan(15)Main frame head be set as bore Capitiform or approximately half elliptic.
3. according to the electric generating apparatus by collecting wind described in claim 1 it is characterised in that:Horn mouth the first wind gathering cylinder(11)Or horn mouth Second wind gathering cylinder(12)Horn mouth gating(17), horn mouth setting wind guide vane.
CN201210484242.3A 2012-11-26 2012-11-26 Wind gathering and power generation device Expired - Fee Related CN103835873B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210484242.3A CN103835873B (en) 2012-11-26 2012-11-26 Wind gathering and power generation device

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610733663.3A CN106089565A (en) 2012-11-26 2012-11-26 A kind of wind-collection power station
CN201210484242.3A CN103835873B (en) 2012-11-26 2012-11-26 Wind gathering and power generation device
CN201610733454.9A CN106121934B (en) 2012-11-26 2012-11-26 A kind of wind power generation equipment

Related Child Applications (2)

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CN201610733454.9A Division CN106121934B (en) 2012-11-26 2012-11-26 A kind of wind power generation equipment
CN201610733663.3A Division CN106089565A (en) 2012-11-26 2012-11-26 A kind of wind-collection power station

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CN103835873A CN103835873A (en) 2014-06-04
CN103835873B true CN103835873B (en) 2017-02-08

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CN201610733454.9A Active CN106121934B (en) 2012-11-26 2012-11-26 A kind of wind power generation equipment
CN201210484242.3A Expired - Fee Related CN103835873B (en) 2012-11-26 2012-11-26 Wind gathering and power generation device

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CN104612905B (en) * 2015-01-30 2017-05-17 江苏中蕴风电科技有限公司 Multilevel narrow tube wind-gathering wind power generation system
CN106194591B (en) * 2016-08-26 2020-07-14 南京高传机电自动控制设备有限公司 Energy-capturing type wind generating set
CN108204337A (en) * 2016-12-16 2018-06-26 山西邦奥伟业半导体照明有限公司 Wind cylinder type wind power generating system
CN107120237B (en) * 2017-07-12 2019-02-19 长沙理工大学 A kind of wind power generation plant
CN107178476A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-09-19 丁陶生 Artificial super high wind electricity-generating method and device
CN110206687A (en) * 2019-05-10 2019-09-06 王维碧 A kind of wind electricity generating system
CN111980859A (en) * 2020-08-21 2020-11-24 王敬儒 Electric power device

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CN106121934B (en) 2019-07-16
CN106089565A (en) 2016-11-09
CN103835873A (en) 2014-06-04
CN106121934A (en) 2016-11-16

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Granted publication date: 20170208

Termination date: 20191126