CN103782722B - Fruit picking apparatus - Google Patents

Fruit picking apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103782722B
CN103782722B CN201410064276.6A CN201410064276A CN103782722B CN 103782722 B CN103782722 B CN 103782722B CN 201410064276 A CN201410064276 A CN 201410064276A CN 103782722 B CN103782722 B CN 103782722B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brace
galianconism
scissors
intersection
pole
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201410064276.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103782722A (en
Inventor
陈玮
夏德群
王强
张磊
黄栋
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University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Original Assignee
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by University of Shanghai for Science and Technology filed Critical University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Priority to CN201410064276.6A priority Critical patent/CN103782722B/en
Publication of CN103782722A publication Critical patent/CN103782722A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103782722B publication Critical patent/CN103782722B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

A kind of fruit picking apparatus, comprise pole, scissors and storage net, pole is connected by some joint intersection galianconism and forms, often joint intersects galianconism and comprises two cross-shaped the first braces and the second brace, and the end of the first brace and the second brace is intersected the second brace of galianconism and the end of the first brace respectively and is movably connected by active pin shaft with adjacent segments; Scissors, its handle of a knife two ends are flexibly connected telescopic support struts top one respectively and save intersection the first brace of galianconism and the end of the second brace, and the two panels brace of opening and closing pole intersection galianconism bottom can drive the folding of pole upper end scissors.The present invention is connected by the intersection galianconism that more piece is made up of cross one another brace and forms the pole of fruit picking apparatus, the intersection galianconism of folding lowermost end can drive the folding of upper end scissors, realize shearing to base of fruit, the storage net simultaneously below scissors connects mainly avoid fruit directly to drop by cutting the fruit fallen.

Description

Fruit picking apparatus
Technical field
Background technology
At present, when plucking the fruit such as apple, pears, persimmon, needs are climbed tree or by ladder, the amount of labour is large, dangerous high, inefficiency.
In prior art, CN202232192U discloses a kind of flexible picking rod, comprise a scalable hollow main rod, mobile jib top connects a hollow pole, suspension one string bag on pole is also provided with a scissors above the string bag, scissors one end handle is fixed on described pole, scissors other end handle connects a steel wire, steel wire is through mobile jib and pole inside, the base of fruit of fruit is cut off by the folding of establishing a rotating shaft to pull steel wire to realize scissors bottom mobile jib, fruit just falls into the string bag, realizes the fruit picking of long distance.The disadvantage of this instrument is that the shearing force that the mode pulling scissors to close by steel wire produces is little, is difficult to cut off hard fruit tree.
Summary of the invention
The present invention for solving above-mentioned certain or several problem, propose a kind of can length is scalable, shearing force is huge fruit picking apparatus.Concrete technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of fruit picking apparatus, comprising:
Pole, intersects galianconism by some joints and is connected and forms, and often joint intersects galianconism and comprises two cross-shaped the first braces and the second brace, and the first brace and the second brace are connected by active pin shaft in the middle part of lamellar body also can free opening and closing; The end of the first brace and the second brace is intersected the second brace of galianconism and the end of the first brace respectively and to be movably connected by active pin shaft and can free opening and closing with adjacent segments;
Scissors, its handle of a knife two ends are flexibly connected telescopic support struts top one respectively and save intersection the first brace of galianconism and the end of the second brace, and the two panels brace of opening and closing pole intersection galianconism bottom can drive the folding of pole upper end scissors; With
Storage net, the dictyosome comprising screen frame and supported by screen frame, in the middle part of screen frame and scissors handle of a knife, active pin shaft is fixed removably.
In above-mentioned specific embodiments, middle part and two cephalic pars of the first brace are provided with laterally projecting bearing pin at homonymy, bearing pin upper part or be all provided with screw thread, and middle part and two cephalic pars of the second brace are provided with hole; Intersection galianconism is saved by being tightened on the formation one that the first brace and the second brace to be movably connected of nut on screw thread after bearing pin extends through the hole at middle part.
In specific embodiment in above-mentioned specific embodiments, the bearing pin that often joint intersects on the first brace end of galianconism inserts the hole of the second brace end of adjacent segments intersection galianconism, and the galianconism that intersected by adjacent two joints is movably connected.
In specific embodiment in above-mentioned specific embodiments, the two panels shank end portion of scissors is respectively equipped with active pin shaft and hole, and is connected with the hole of the second brace end on pole top and the active pin shaft of the first brace end respectively.
In above-mentioned specific embodiments, pocket actinal surface and the blade of storage net are acute angle.
In above-mentioned specific embodiments, the blade of scissors has aduncate radian.
In above-mentioned specific embodiments, the blade lengths of scissors is less than the length of handle of a knife.
In above-mentioned specific embodiments, the joint number of intersection galianconism can increase and decrease arbitrarily, to control the maximum elongation length of telescopic support struts.
The present invention is connected by the intersection galianconism that more piece is made up of cross one another brace and forms the pole of fruit picking apparatus, the intersection galianconism of folding lowermost end can drive the free-open-close of upper end scissors, realize shearing to base of fruit, the storage net simultaneously below scissors connects mainly avoid fruit directly to drop by cutting the fruit fallen; The joint number of the galianconism of increase and decrease intersection simultaneously can regulate arbitrarily the maximum length of pole, thus plucks the fruit of differing heights; Storage net is fixed removably, and the fruit picking apparatus after being packed up by storage net can realize the function of pruning fruit tree scissors.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the overall Facad structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the present invention overall side structural representation.
Fig. 3 is the side structure schematic diagram of the present invention first brace 31.
Fig. 4 is the Facad structure schematic diagram of the present invention second brace 32.
Embodiment
Structure of the present invention is described further by embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figure 1,
A kind of fruit picking apparatus, comprising:
Telescopic pole 11, scissors 12 and storage net 13.
Pole 11 comprises the mobilizable intersection galianconism 21 of more piece.Mobilizable intersection galianconism 21 is made up of the first brace 31 of two elongate in shape and the second brace 32.
The middle part of the first brace 31 and two cephalic pars are provided with laterally projecting bearing pin 34,33 at homonymy, bearing pin 34,33 upper part or be all provided with screw thread, and middle part and two cephalic pars of the second brace 32 are provided with hole 36,35(is shown in Fig. 4); After bearing pin 33 extends through the hole 36 at middle part by be tightened on nut on screw thread the first brace 31 and the second brace 32 be movably connected formation one save intersect galianconism 21, first brace 31 and the second brace 32 can free opening and closing.First brace 31 and the end of the second brace 32 are saved with adjacent (upper and lower two ends are identical) respectively and are intersected the second brace of galianconism and the end of the first brace and be movably connected by active pin shaft 34, jointly form pole 11 structure.
Scissors 12, its handle of a knife two ends are flexibly connected telescopic support struts 11 top one joint intersection the first brace 31 of galianconism 21 and the end of the second brace 32 respectively by active pin shaft and hole, and the two panels brace of opening and closing pole 11 intersection galianconism bottom can drive the folding of pole 11 upper end scissors 12.The mode of this flexible connection has minimum resistance, can directly by the opening and closing power bottom pole 11 almost without impairment the scissors 12 being delivered to upper end, coordinate the aduncate radian of blade of scissors 12 and the blade lengths of scissors 12 to be less than the length (lever principle) of handle of a knife simultaneously, make scissors 12 have great shearing force, remove storage net 12 and also can use as the scissors of branch pruning.
Storage net 13, the dictyosome 22 comprising screen frame 23 and supported by screen frame 23.
The joint number of intersection galianconism 21 can increase and decrease arbitrarily, to control the maximum elongation length of telescopic support struts 11.
As shown in Figure 2, pole 11 remains on a plane after being connected by the mobilizable intersection galianconism 21 of more piece, and in the middle part of the screen frame 23 of storage net 13 and scissors 12 handle of a knife, active pin shaft is fixed removably.Fruit picking apparatus after being packed up by storage net 13 can realize the function of pruning fruit tree scissors.
The storage pocket actinal surface of net 13 and the blade of scissors 12 are acute angle.
As shown in Figure 3: the middle part of the first brace 31 and two cephalic pars are provided with laterally projecting bearing pin 34,33 at homonymy, bearing pin 34,33 upper part or be all provided with screw thread.
As shown in Figure 4, the middle part of the second brace 32 and two cephalic pars are provided with hole 36,35.Coordinate bearing pin 34,33 in Fig. 3 and screw on nut can by interconnection in the middle part of the first brace 31 and the second brace 32, the first brace simultaneously intersecting galianconism 21 with adjacent and the second brace are connected.
Although with reference to the embodiment shown in accompanying drawing, present invention is described, should be appreciated that fruit picking apparatus of the present invention can have many versions under the spirit and scope not deviating from the present invention's instruction and background.Art technology those of ordinary skill also has different modes to change the parameter in disclosed embodiment of this invention by recognizing, such as intersect the type of the connected mode of galianconism, size, shape or element or material, all fall in the spirit and scope of the present invention and claim.

Claims (1)

1. a fruit picking apparatus, comprising:
Pole, intersects galianconism by some joints and is connected and forms, and often joint intersects galianconism and comprises two cross-shaped the first braces and the second brace, and the first brace and the second brace are connected by active pin shaft in the middle part of lamellar body also can free opening and closing; The end of the first brace and the second brace is intersected the second brace of galianconism and the end of the first brace respectively and to be movably connected by active pin shaft and can free opening and closing with adjacent segments; Middle part and two cephalic pars of the first brace are provided with laterally projecting bearing pin at homonymy, bearing pin upper part or be all provided with screw thread, and middle part and two cephalic pars of the second brace are provided with hole; Intersection galianconism is saved by being tightened on the formation one that the first brace and the second brace to be movably connected of nut on screw thread after bearing pin extends through the hole at middle part; The bearing pin that often joint intersects on the first brace end of galianconism inserts the hole of the second brace end of adjacent segments intersection galianconism, and the galianconism that intersected by adjacent two joints is movably connected; The joint number of intersection galianconism can increase and decrease arbitrarily, to control the maximum elongation length of telescopic support struts;
Scissors, its handle of a knife two ends are flexibly connected telescopic support struts top one respectively and save intersection the first brace of galianconism and the end of the second brace, and the two panels brace of opening and closing pole intersection galianconism bottom can drive the folding of pole upper end scissors; The two panels handle of a knife of scissors is respectively equipped with active pin shaft and hole in end, and is connected with the hole of the second brace end on pole top and the active pin shaft of the first brace end respectively; The blade of scissors has aduncate radian; The blade lengths of scissors is less than the length of handle of a knife; With
Storage net, the dictyosome comprising screen frame and supported by screen frame, in the middle part of screen frame and scissors handle of a knife, active pin shaft is fixed removably, and the pocket actinal surface that storage is netted and blade are acute angle.
CN201410064276.6A 2014-02-25 2014-02-25 Fruit picking apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN103782722B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410064276.6A CN103782722B (en) 2014-02-25 2014-02-25 Fruit picking apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410064276.6A CN103782722B (en) 2014-02-25 2014-02-25 Fruit picking apparatus

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103782722A CN103782722A (en) 2014-05-14
CN103782722B true CN103782722B (en) 2016-04-13

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410064276.6A Expired - Fee Related CN103782722B (en) 2014-02-25 2014-02-25 Fruit picking apparatus

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105210560A (en) * 2015-09-10 2016-01-06 泸县玉流机械制造有限责任公司 Raker
CN106818051B (en) * 2016-12-25 2019-01-22 重庆丰之农农业开发有限公司 Convenient for the device for picking of classification
CN107278517B (en) * 2017-07-04 2020-02-07 巫山县振兴农牧科技开发有限公司 Fruit picking device
CN108521990B (en) * 2018-04-19 2020-07-10 武汉理工大学 Wearable fork-type pineapple one-step picking auxiliary arm

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB488297A (en) * 1937-02-12 1938-07-05 Mary Stewart Marrow A fruit picking device
CN2202392Y (en) * 1993-05-25 1995-07-05 王琼生 Scissors for branches and fruits
CN2174840Y (en) * 1993-08-18 1994-08-24 肖爱山 Multi-function shears for picking fruit
CN2798534Y (en) * 2005-05-20 2006-07-26 马振亚 Serrated clipper for harvesting ricinus
CN201571352U (en) * 2009-11-07 2010-09-08 侯丽聪 Apple shear
CN202135505U (en) * 2011-06-08 2012-02-08 段世豪 Apple picker
CN202425362U (en) * 2011-11-25 2012-09-12 徐州市益鸣金属制品实业有限公司 Impact shear

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