CN103771605B - Onboard micro-filtration algae removal system and algae removal method - Google Patents

Onboard micro-filtration algae removal system and algae removal method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103771605B
CN103771605B CN201410049326.3A CN201410049326A CN103771605B CN 103771605 B CN103771605 B CN 103771605B CN 201410049326 A CN201410049326 A CN 201410049326A CN 103771605 B CN103771605 B CN 103771605B
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China
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water
filter
micro
algae
rotary drum
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CN201410049326.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103771605A (en
Inventor
李胜军
张彤宇
张建三
傅铭
王立义
黄力强
张洪贵
任必穷
刘国伟
胡华芬
黎荣
王晓峰
冯伟骞
王松庆
王守春
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天津市水利科学研究院
贝尔芬格帕萨旺水处理技术(杭州)有限公司
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Priority to CN201410049326.3A priority Critical patent/CN103771605B/en
Publication of CN103771605A publication Critical patent/CN103771605A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

The invention relates to an onboard micro-filtration algae removal system and an algae removal method. The main body of a ship body comprises a bow and a stern, a water inlet is formed at the bottom of the bow, a grid net is installed on the water inlet, the bow is internally provided with a water intake chamber, a water intake gate is installed in the middle of the water intake chamber so as to divide the water intake chamber into a front chamber and a rear chamber, a lift pump is installed at the end of the rear chamber and introduces raw water into a rotor drum through a water pipe, the main body of a micro-filtration machine comprises a filtering box body and a water storage tank, the filtered raw material flows out from an overflow port and enters the water storage tank, and a drainage port is formed at the output end of the water storage tank and is used for outputting a filtered raw material. The algae removal system has a reasonable design and a compact structure, is simple to manufacture, is simple and convenient to operate, has high flow capacity, has low cost for running and maintaining, and has long service life; the filtered solid substances are constantly cleared away from the rotor drum, so that the algae removal system is thorough in filtration, has no pressure on filter cloth, and has long service life; according to the conditions of different water areas, the algae removal systems have different main bodies of the ship bodies and are provided with main bodies of micro-filtration machines of different numbers and different models, so as to adapt to different water areas, thus being beneficial to wide application.

Description

Ship borne type micro-filtration is except phytem system and algae-removing method

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of except algae equipment, particularly relate to a kind of ship borne type micro-filtration except phytem system and algae-removing method.

Background technology

Along with the quickening of social process of industrialization, the mankind are in industrial and agricultural production and daily life, accelerate the eutrophication process of lake, reservoir, its extreme performance is exactly the outburst of blue-green algae, it can will cause serious harm to water surrounding, destroy the eubiosis, even make waters lose using function, cause the heavy losses of water resources, water surrounding and regional economy.Blue algae bloom number of times increases year by year; The waters scope of blue algae bloom expands year by year; Time lengthening in the year of blue algae bloom; Blue algae bloom presents certain year border fluctuation; The advantage algae kind effluent channel type of blue-green algae transforms to lake type.

The amount reproduction of blue-green algae, can make the dissolved oxygen concentration in water reduce rapidly, directly cause the death of the aquatic organism such as fishes and shrimps, spiral shell, cause water body to be polluted, cause very large harm to people and surrounding enviroment.

The time that blue-green algae occurs, past be 7, August, but the time occurred for nearly 2 years starts ahead of time, have even 4, May just starts to occur large-area blue-green algae in river, lake, and scope and severity rise year by year, such as Taihu Lake, Jiangsu, Xuanwu Lake, Dianchi Lake, Yunnan Province, Chaohu, Anhui Province, China etc. are in recent years all deeply by the hardship of blue-green algae pollution.The comprehensive regulation in basin perimeter, the control of point-source pollution and pollution of area source, the long-acting measure of control such as the recovery of water ecological setting, for fundamentally delaying body eutrophication process, eliminate the meaning that algae harm has " effecting a permanent cure ".

Summary of the invention

Main purpose of the present invention is to solve the above-mentioned problem removed in algae, provides a kind of ship borne type micro-filtration except phytem system and algae-removing method.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:

Be made up of hull main body, micro-filter main body, water-in, water intaking room, micro-filter water port, discharge outlet, screw press, ultrasonic wave position finder, catch basin, back-purge system, algae receiving tank, screw press, receipts slag pipe and phosphorus adsorber, hull entire body is ship type, for forward andor aft, bottom fore, water-in is set, water-in entirety is rectangular, water-in is obliquely installed along fore boat bottom, and with fore bottom match, water-in installs grid, strain except the foreign material in former water enter water intaking room, water-in is through with water intaking room.

The present invention changes traditional mode of production, Installation Modes in the past, can 1 micro-filter main body be arranged in hull main body, or several micro-filter main bodys walk abreast and are arranged in hull main body, or select the micro-filter of different model to be arranged in hull main body, for waste water, sewage, clean water treatment, change mobile installing type into by fixed installation formula in the past, add the use handiness of ship borne type micro-filtration except phytem system.The present invention is in order to the energy resource supply problem of resolution system, and the system of being in particular adds solar electrical energy generation and to power and UPS powers the energy resource supply combined, and reaches energy-saving and environmental protection, while process blue-green algae pollutes, does not increase new energy consumption.

The present invention on the bow bottom arranges rectangle angle, as water-in, former water (water body to be filtered) enters the cup of water intaking room, after opening inlet gate by water-in, former water enters the rear room of water intaking room, and after being arranged on water intaking room, the horizontal lift pump of room is transported to micro-filter main body along hydraulic pipe.Hull main body adopts hull structure iron, carbon fibre materials, carbon steel and Hi-Stren steel material to make.

The top of the stern of hull main body arranges wheel house, and the bottom of the stern of hull main body arranges discharge outlet, and discharge outlet is arranged bottom stern, and with stern bottom match, discharge outlet and discharge purified water pipe through.

Former water after the present invention is filtered is oozed out by filter cloth, and when water level exceedes overfall, the former water after being filtered flows in catch basin, micro-filter main body is discharged through water port, enter phosphorus adsorber, discharge outside hull main body by discharge outlet again after dephosphorization, gravity flow is discharged in waters.

Water intaking room is set in fore, water intaking room entirety is in doline, water intaking installs inlet gate in the middle part of room, water intaking room is divided into room behind water intaking room cup and water intaking room, the leading section of water intaking room cup is water-in, the middle part of water intaking room arranges inlet gate, inlet gate closes the cup of intake chamber and the rear room of intake chamber, lift pump is installed in the end, rear room of water intaking room, the delivery port of lift pump is connected with an end of hydraulic pipe, the other end of hydraulic pipe is connected with the rotary drum of micro-filter main body, and former water is introduced in rotary drum.

The present invention adopts inlet gate that water intaking room is divided into cup and rear room, close the heavy burden that the former water of inlet gate does not enter the rear room minimizing fore of water intaking room, do not affect the traveling of hull main body, implement filtration operation, open inlet gate, former water is put into the rear room of water intaking room, to be installed in behind water intaking room the lift pump of room raw water in the rotary drum of micro-filter main body.

Hull main body arranges solar panels, and the power storage of solar panels conversion is in store battery, and store battery is connected with screw press with lift pump, drive-motor, flushing pump, phosphorus adsorber.

The present invention is in order to solve energy resource supply problem, make full use of the ceiling of hull main body, solar panels installed by the ceiling of hull, in addition, hull main body, between traveling and operational period, has the condition drawing sun power widely, adds solar electrical energy generation and to power and UPS powers the energy resource supply combined, reach energy-saving and environmental protection, while process blue-green algae pollutes, do not increase new energy consumption.

Micro-filter main body is by rotary drum, filter cloth, filter box, overfall, micro-filter water port, drive-motor, overflow port, algae receiving tank, wash-down water receiving tank, ultrasonic wave position finder, back-purge system, dephosphorization transfer lime, receive slag pipe, blow-down pipe, discharge purified water pipe and catch basin composition, hull main body is at least installed 1 micro-filter main body, micro-filter entire body is box-shaped, be divided into filter box and catch basin, in the middle part of micro-filter main body, overfall is set, overfall is divided into filter box and catch basin micro-filter body portion, filter box entirety is in box-shaped, install rotary drum in filter box to implement to filter former water, catch basin entirety is in box-shaped, the former water after filtering collected by catch basin, the top of overfall and micro-filter body top inwall form overflow port, former water overflow port after filter box inner filtration flows out, enter in catch basin, the output terminal of catch basin arranges the former water after the output filtering of micro-filter water port.

The present invention arranges one or several micro-filter main bodys according to design requirements in hull main body, and the area in waters is less, and hull main body is unsuitable excessive, and quantity hull main body being arranged micro-filter main body will reduce; The area in waters is comparatively large, and except the workload of algae strengthens, hull main body can strengthen, and quantity hull main body being arranged micro-filter main body then can increase.

Micro-filter main body adopts sheet metal and shape to make, filter box, catch basin and overfall all adopt sheet metal and shape to make, adopt overfall that micro-filter body interior is divided into filter box and catch basin, utilize the principle that former water flows automatically, after the water level rising of the former water after filter box inner filtration, flow in catch basin, without the need to the energy from the overflow port of the upper end of overfall.

Micro-filter bottom part body installs blow-off valve, opens the former water in blow-off valve emptying micro-filter main body, safeguards, overhauls micro-filter main body.

The present invention, when needs are to micro-filter main body putting maintenance into practice or maintenance, first open blow-off valve, the former water in emptying micro-filter main body, then carries out safeguarding or overhauling .

Micro-filter body top installs ultrasonic wave position finder, the water level of the former water after ultrasonic wave position finder monitoring filter box inner filtration, rotary drum is installed in filter box, rotary drum entirety is in barrel-shaped, the surrounding of rotary drum arranges filter cloth rack, filter cloth installed by filter cloth rack, filter-cloth filtering goes out the algae substances in former water, rotary drum and filter box are separated airtight, hydraulic pipe is connected with rotary drum, hydraulic pipe is in former water input rotary drum, drive-motor is connected with rotary drum, drive-motor drives drum rotating, algae receiving tank and wash-down water receiving tank are set in rotary drum, wash-down water receiving tank entirety is in bucket shape, receive the former water that back-purge system rinses filter cloth, algae receiving tank the raw water with algae rinsed to screw press, algae receiving tank output terminal is connected with the receipts slag pipe of screw press.

Former water is injected the characteristic utilizing water in rotary drum by the present invention, and rotary drum and filter box are separated airtight, and former water is from filter cloth through entering filter box, and the algae substances that former water carries resides in inside the filter cloth of rotary drum, from former water, filter to isolate algae substances.The surrounding of rotary drum arranges filter cloth rack, and filter cloth rack adopts metallic steel material, polyester material to make, and filter cloth rack arranges filter cloth, and filter cloth adopts yarn fabric material to make.Wash-down water receiving tank and algae receiving tank are installed in top in rotary drum, wash-down water receiving tank and algae receiving tank adopt sheet metal material to make, wash-down water receiving tank and algae receiving tank collect the algae substances and spray water that spray water gets off through filter cloth washing, and are transported to screw press separation algae substances and spray water by receiving slag pipe.

The former water that the ultrasonic wave position finder monitoring that micro-filter body top of the present invention is installed flows into is with the waterhead be filtered between water flowed out, when exceeding the former water of inflow with the waterhead be filtered between water flowed out, rotary drum rotates, rotary drum back-purge system in rotation rinses the filter cloth on rotary drum, the spray water that the algae substances residing in the inner side of filter cloth on rotary drum is backwashed device rinses out, spray water falls in wash-down water receiving tank together with algae substances, the spray water fallen in wash-down water receiving tank flows in algae receiving tank together with algae substances, screw press is transported to by receiving slag pipe.

Micro-filter body top installs back-purge system, back-purge system is by shower, mouth spray and flushing pump composition, the upper top of rotary drum arranges shower, shower is installed along rotary drum, shower is connected with flushing pump, shower arranges mouth spray, mouth spray is corresponding with the filter cloth on top on rotary drum, the spray water of mouth spray ejection rinses the algae substances on filter cloth, spray water falls in wash-down water receiving tank through filter cloth together with algae substances, enter algae receiving tank, the output terminal of algae receiving tank is connected with receipts slag pipe, the algae substances in algae receiving tank and raw water to screw press, screw press is separated algae substances and Yuan Shui.

Micro-filter body top of the present invention installs back-purge system, the shower of back-purge system arranges mouth spray, mouth spray is aimed at outside the filter cloth of rotary drum upper end, when the solid impurities such as the algae that filter cloth gathers reach a certain amount of, the water purification waterhead of the former water that ultrasonic wave position finder monitoring flows into and outflow, when exceeding the water level numerical value of design, rotary drum starts to rotate, and starts flushing arrangement and carry out back flushing.High-pressure washing water is rinsed in rotary drum by the mouth spray of shower, recovers the strainability of filter cloth, keeps clean filter cloth, reduces the water level in rotary drum, stop the rotation of rotary drum, and when the dividing plate on filter cloth can prevent drum rotating, solid impurity is got back in former water again.

Screw press is installed in the side of micro-filter main body, algae substances and the Yuan Shui of the conveying of algae receiving tank output terminal enter screw press, the algae substances that the screw press of screw press goes out is discharged from scum mouth, and the rear room that the former water that screw press squeezes out is transmitted back to water intaking room by return water pipe is filtered again.

The present invention installs screw press in the side of micro-filter main body, the algae substances of the conveying of algae receiving tank output terminal and former water are transported to screw press by receiving slag pipe, the algae substances of conveying becomes algae mud through the squeezing of the screw rod of screw press, discharge from scum mouth, the former water that screw press is separated is transmitted back to the rear room of water intaking room by return water pipe, the former water in the waters that the former water companion that screw press is separated is introduced together filters.

The micro-filter water port of catch basin output terminal is connected with dephosphorization transfer lime, one end of dephosphorization transfer lime is connected with the micro-filter water port of catch basin, the other end of dephosphorization transfer lime is connected with phosphorus adsorber, the former water be filtered enters phosphorus adsorber along dephosphorization transfer lime, phosphorus substance in former water after phosphorus adsorber separating and filtering, the output terminal of phosphorus adsorber is connected with discharge purified water pipe, one end of discharge purified water pipe is connected with the output terminal of phosphorus adsorber, the other end of discharge purified water pipe is connected with the discharge outlet of stern, former water after purification is discharged into waters along discharge purified water pipe from the discharge outlet of stern, it is stand-by that the isolated phosphorus substance of phosphorus adsorber makes finished product.

Can contain phosphoric in the former water that the present invention is filtered, direct discharge also can cause the breeding of algae, so that alga eruption, so, just need the former water to being filtered to implement dephosphorization operation.The present invention adopts phosphorus adsorber to be removed phosphorus in the former water be filtered by the mode of throwing in molysite Phosphate Sorption, and the phosphoric be separated from the former water be filtered makes finished product, and the growth promoter that can be used as farmland planting uses.

Hull main body needs the waters entered except algae, hull body top arranges wheel house and drives hull main body to enter waters except algae, entering the electric energy of the absorption of the solar panels in the process needed except algae waters in hull main body solar energy converting one-tenth, stand-by in power storage to store battery.

The present invention's no matter hull main body run or stagnating solar panels can the electric energy of solar energy conversion, and be stored in secondary battery, in order to stand-by.

Arrive the waters needed except algae, hull main body is stuck in be needed except algae waters, bottom the fore of hull main body, water-in puts into the cup needing the former water except the waters of algae to enter water intaking room, the grid that the end of water intaking room cup is installed is strained except the foreign material in former water enter the cup of water intaking room, open the former water of inlet gate enters water intaking room rear room from the cup of water intaking room, start and be installed in the lift pump of room behind water intaking room, lift pump is introduced former water in the rotary drum of micro-filter main body by hydraulic pipe, the algae substances that former water carries resides in the inner surface of filter cloth, algae substances is separated from former water, the former water be filtered oozes out through filter cloth, enter in the filter box outside rotary drum, along with the former water be filtered constantly oozes out, water level in filter box also improves in succession, when water level exceedes overfall upper end, the former water be filtered flows out from the overflow port of overfall upper end, enter in catch basin.

The micro-filter water port that the former water be filtered is arranged from catch basin output terminal flows into phosphorus adsorber by dephosphorization transfer lime, phosphorus adsorber employing molysite removes the phosphorus in the former water be filtered, phosphorus substance in former water after phosphorus adsorber separating and filtering, former water after purification is discharged into waters along discharge purified water pipe from the discharge outlet of stern, and it is stand-by that the isolated phosphorus substance of phosphorus adsorber makes finished product.

After the rotary drum of micro-filter main body runs for some time, the algae substances residing in the inner surface of filter cloth increases thickening, reduce oozing out of former water, the water level decreasing of the former water be filtered in filter box is to standard, the water level of the former water in rotary drum rises to standard, ultrasonic wave position finder monitors the change of level of filter box and rotary drum, start the flushing pump of back-purge system, mouth spray on the shower filter cloth aimed on rotary drum filter cloth rack is implemented to rinse filter cloth, the spray water of mouth spray ejection resides in the algae substances of the inner surface of filter cloth through filter cloth washing, spray water falls in wash-down water receiving tank together with algae substances, spray water enters algae receiving tank together with algae substances from wash-down water receiving tank, spray water is transported to screw press by the output terminal of algae receiving tank along receipts slag pipe together with algae substances, screw press is separated algae substances with former water, the algae substances that the screw press of screw press goes out is discharged from scum mouth, the rear room that the former water that screw press squeezes out is transmitted back to water intaking room by return water pipe is filtered again.

Start drive-motor, rotate before rotary drum forwards mouth spray to one by one the filter cloth on rotary drum and implement to rinse filter cloth.

When the filter cloth on micro-filter main body rotary drum rinsed well by back-purge system, the water level of the former water be filtered in filter box rises to standard, the water level decreasing of the former water in rotary drum is to standard, the former water be filtered flows into catch basin from overflow port, the former water of filtration of micro-filter main body restoration designing standard, the flushing pump of cutting out back-purge system stops rinsing operation, close drive-motor, stop the rotation of rotary drum, close screw press, stop the operation that algae substances is separated with former water, recover the filtration operation of micro-filter main body, reciprocation cycle.

The present invention is that ship borne type micro-filtration is except phytem system and algae-removing method.The present invention is reasonable in design, compact construction, make simple, easy and simple to handle, high flow capacity, the cost of operation and maintenance is low, long service life, the continual full scale clearance of the solid matter leached goes out rotary drum, without remaining in rotary drum, residue after filtration falls back in untreated water source, filter thoroughly, to filter cloth without pressure long service life, according to the situation in different waters, design different hull main bodys, in hull main body, different micro-filter main bodys and different quantities are installed, the micro-filter main body of different model, to adapt to different waters, be conducive to widespread use.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples to the detailed description of the invention.

Fig. 1 ship borne type micro-filtration is except the schematic side view of phytem system.

Fig. 2 ship borne type micro-filtration is except the schematic top plan view of phytem system.

Fig. 3 ship borne type micro-filtration is except the micro-filter main body cross-sectional schematic of phytem system.

Fig. 4 ship borne type micro-filtration is except the micro-filter main body cross-sectional schematic of phytem system.

Fig. 5 ship borne type micro-filtration removes algae schematic flow sheet except phytem system.

1 hull main body, 2 fores, 3 water-ins, 4 water intaking rooms, 5 inlet gates, 6 lift pumps, 7 hydraulic pipes, 8 micro-filter main bodys, 9 rotary drums, 10 filter clothes, 11 filter boxs, 12 overfalls, 13 micro-filter water port, 14 discharge outlets, 15 drive-motor, 16 overflow ports, 17 algae receiving tanks, 18 wash-down water receiving tanks, 19 ultrasonic wave position finders, 20 back-purge systems, 21 showers, 22 mouth sprays, 23 screw presss, 24 scum mouths, 25 return water pipes, 26 sterns, 27 wheel houses, 28 phosphorus adsorbers, 29 flushing pumps, 30 dephosphorization transfer limes, 31 receive slag pipe, 32 blow-down pipes, 33 discharge purified water pipes, 34 catch basins, 35 solar panels, 36 filter cloth racks.

Embodiment

Embodiment 1

By hull main body (1), micro-filter main body (8), water-in (3), water intaking room (4), micro-filter water port (13), discharge outlet (14), screw press (23), ultrasonic wave position finder (19), catch basin (34), back-purge system (20), algae receiving tank (17), screw press (23), receive slag pipe (31) and phosphorus adsorber (28) composition, hull main body (1) entirety is in ship type, for fore (2) and stern (26), fore (2) bottom arranges water-in (3), water-in (3) is overall rectangular, water-in (3) is obliquely installed along fore (2) boat bottom, and match with fore (2) bottom, (3) install grid to water-in, strain except the foreign material in former water enter water intaking room (4), water-in (3) is through with water intaking room (4).

The top of the stern (26) of hull main body (1) arranges wheel house (27), the bottom of the stern (26) of hull main body (1) arranges discharge outlet (14), discharge outlet (14) is arranged along stern (26) bottom, and match with stern (26) bottom, discharge outlet (14) is through with discharge purified water pipe (33).

Water intaking room (4) is set in fore (2), water intaking room (4) entirety is in doline, inlet gate (5) is installed at water intaking room (4) middle part, water intaking room (4) is divided into water intaking water intaking room (4) room afterwards, room (4) cup river, the leading section of water intaking room (4) cup is water-in (3), the middle part of water intaking room (4) arranges inlet gate (5), inlet gate (5) closes the cup of intake chamber (4) and the rear room of intake chamber (4), lift pump (6) is installed in the end, rear room of water intaking room (4), the delivery port of lift pump (6) is connected with an end of hydraulic pipe (7), the other end of hydraulic pipe (7) is connected with the rotary drum (9) of micro-filter main body (8), former water is introduced in rotary drum (9).

Hull main body (1) is arranged solar panels (35), the power storage that solar panels (35) are changed is in store battery, store battery is connected with screw press (23) with lift pump (6), drive-motor (15), flushing pump (29), phosphorus adsorber (28), as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2.

Embodiment 2

Micro-filter main body (8) is by rotary drum (9), filter cloth (10), filter box (11), overfall (12), micro-filter water port (13), drive-motor (15), overflow port (16), algae receiving tank (17), wash-down water receiving tank (18), ultrasonic wave position finder (19), back-purge system (20), dephosphorization transfer lime (30), receive slag pipe (31), blow-down pipe (32), discharge purified water pipe (33) and catch basin (34) composition, hull main body (1) is at least installed 1 micro-filter main body (8), micro-filter main body (8) entirety is in box-shaped, be divided into filter box (11) and catch basin (34), micro-filter main body (8) middle part arranges overfall (12), overfall (12) is separated into filter box (11) and catch basin (34) micro-filter main body (8), filter box (11) entirety is in box-shaped, install rotary drum (9) in filter box (11) to implement to filter former water, catch basin (34) entirety is in box-shaped, the former water after filtering collected by catch basin (34), the top of overfall (12) and micro-filter main body (8) upper inside wall form overflow port (16), former water overflow port (16) after filter box (11) inner filtration is flowed out, enter in catch basin (34), the output terminal of catch basin (34) arranges the former water after micro-filter water port (13) output filtering.

Blow-off valve (32) is installed in micro-filter main body (8) bottom, opens the former water in blow-off valve (32) emptying micro-filter main body (8), safeguards, overhauls micro-filter main body (8).

Ultrasonic wave position finder (19) is installed on micro-filter main body (8) top, the water level of the former water after ultrasonic wave position finder (19) monitoring filter box (11) inner filtration, rotary drum (9) is installed in filter box (11), rotary drum (9) entirety is in barrel-shaped, the surrounding of rotary drum (9) arranges filter cloth rack (36), filter cloth rack (36) is installed filter cloth (10), filter cloth (10) filters out the algae substances in former water, rotary drum (9) and filter box (11) are separated airtight, hydraulic pipe (7) is connected with rotary drum (9), hydraulic pipe (7) is in former water input rotary drum (9), drive-motor (15) is connected with rotary drum (9), drive-motor (15) drives rotary drum (9) to rotate, algae receiving tank (17) and wash-down water receiving tank (18) are set in rotary drum (9), wash-down water receiving tank (18) entirety is in bucket shape, receive the former water that back-purge system (20) rinses filter cloth (10), algae receiving tank (17) the raw water with algae rinsed to screw press (23), algae receiving tank (17) output terminal is connected with the receipts slag pipe (31) of screw press (23).

Back-purge system (20) is installed on micro-filter main body (8) top, back-purge system (20) is by shower (21), mouth spray (22) and flushing pump (29) composition, the upper top of rotary drum (9) arranges shower (21), shower (21) is installed along rotary drum (9), shower (21) is connected with flushing pump (29), shower (21) is arranged mouth spray (22), mouth spray (22) is corresponding with the filter cloth (10) on the upper top of rotary drum (9), the spray water that mouth spray (22) sprays rinses the algae substances on filter cloth (10), spray water falls in wash-down water receiving tank (18) through filter cloth (10) together with algae substances, enter algae receiving tank (17), the output terminal of algae receiving tank (17) is connected with receipts slag pipe (31), the algae substances in algae receiving tank (17) and raw water to screw press (23), screw press (23) is separated algae substances and Yuan Shui, as figure Fig. 3, shown in Fig. 4.

Embodiment 3

Screw press (23) is installed in the side of micro-filter main body (8), the algae substances of the conveying of algae receiving tank (17) output terminal and Yuan Shui enter screw press (23), the algae substances that the screw press of screw press (23) goes out is discharged from scum mouth (24), the rear room that the former water that screw press (23) squeezes out is transmitted back to water intaking room (4) by return water pipe (25) is filtered again, as shown in Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4.

Embodiment 4

The micro-filter water port (13) of catch basin (34) output terminal is connected with dephosphorization transfer lime (30), one end of dephosphorization transfer lime (30) is connected with the micro-filter water port (13) of catch basin (34), the other end of dephosphorization transfer lime (30) is connected with phosphorus adsorber (28), the former water be filtered enters phosphorus adsorber (28) along dephosphorization transfer lime (30), phosphorus substance in former water after phosphorus adsorber (28) separating and filtering, the output terminal of phosphorus adsorber (28) is connected with discharge purified water pipe (33), one end of discharge purified water pipe (33) is connected with the output terminal of phosphorus adsorber (28), the other end of discharge purified water pipe (33) is connected with the discharge outlet (14) of stern (26), the discharge outlet (14) of former water after purification along discharge purified water pipe (33) from stern (26) is discharged into waters, it is stand-by that phosphorus adsorber (28) isolated phosphorus substance makes finished product, as Fig. 1, shown in Fig. 2.

Embodiment 5

Hull main body (1) needs the waters entered except algae, hull main body (1) top arranges wheel house (27) and drives hull main body (1) to enter waters except algae, entering the electric energy of the absorption of the solar panels (35) in the process needed except algae waters in hull main body (1) solar energy converting one-tenth, stand-by in power storage to store battery.

Arrive the waters needed except algae, hull main body (1) is stuck in be needed except algae waters, the fore (2) bottom water-in (3) of hull main body (1) puts into the cup needing the former water except the waters of algae to enter water intaking room (4), the grid installed of end of water intaking room (4) cup is strained except the foreign material in former water enter the cup of water intaking room (4), open inlet gate (5) former water enters water intaking room (4) rear room from the cup of water intaking room (4), start the lift pump (6) being installed in water intaking room (4) room afterwards, lift pump (6) is introduced former water in the rotary drum (9) of micro-filter main body (8) by hydraulic pipe (7), the algae substances that former water carries resides in the inner surface of filter cloth (10), algae substances is separated from former water, the former water be filtered oozes out through filter cloth (10), enter in rotary drum (9) filter box outward (11), along with the former water be filtered constantly oozes out, water level in filter box (11) also improves in succession, when water level exceedes overfall (12) upper end, the former water be filtered flows out from the overflow port (16) of overfall (12) upper end, enter in catch basin (34).

The micro-filter water port (13) that the former water be filtered is arranged from catch basin (34) output terminal flows into phosphorus adsorber (28) by dephosphorization transfer lime (30), phosphorus adsorber (28) employing molysite removes the phosphorus in the former water be filtered, phosphorus substance in former water after phosphorus adsorber (28) separating and filtering, the discharge outlet (14) of former water after purification along discharge purified water pipe (33) from stern (26) is discharged into waters, it is stand-by that phosphorus adsorber (28) isolated phosphorus substance makes finished product, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5.

Embodiment 6

After the rotary drum (9) of micro-filter main body (8) runs for some time, the algae substances residing in the inner surface of filter cloth (10) increases thickening, reduce oozing out of former water, the water level decreasing of the former water be filtered in filter box (11) is to standard, the water level of the former water in rotary drum (9) rises to standard, ultrasonic wave position finder (19) monitors the change of level of filter box (11) and rotary drum (9), start the flushing pump (29) of back-purge system (20), mouth spray (22) on shower (21) filter cloth (10) aimed on rotary drum (9) filter cloth rack (36) is implemented to rinse filter cloth (10), the spray water that mouth spray (22) sprays rinses the algae substances residing in the inner surface of filter cloth (10) through filter cloth (10), spray water falls in wash-down water receiving tank (18) together with algae substances, spray water enters algae receiving tank (17) together with algae substances from wash-down water receiving tank (18), spray water is transported to screw press (23) by the output terminal of algae receiving tank (17) along receipts slag pipe (31) together with algae substances, screw press (23) is separated algae substances with former water, the algae substances that the screw press of screw press (23) goes out is discharged from scum mouth (24), the rear room that the former water that screw press (23) squeezes out is transmitted back to water intaking room (4) by return water pipe (25) is filtered again.

Start drive-motor (15), rotate rotary drum (9) and the filter cloth (10) on rotary drum (9) is forwarded to mouth spray (22) front enforcements flushing filter cloth (10) one by one, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5.

Embodiment 7

The filter cloth (10) on micro-filter main body (8) rotary drum (9) is rinsed well when back-purge system (20), the water level of the former water be filtered in filter box (11) rises to standard, the water level decreasing of the former water in rotary drum (9) is to standard, the former water be filtered flows into catch basin (34) from overflow port (16), the former water of filtration of micro-filter main body (8) restoration designing standard, the flushing pump (29) of cutting out back-purge system (20) stops rinsing operation, close drive-motor (15), stop the rotation of rotary drum (9), close screw press (23), stop the operation that algae substances is separated with former water, recover the filtration operation of micro-filter main body (8), reciprocation cycle, as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, shown in Fig. 5.

Claims (3)

1. a ship borne type micro-filtration is except phytem system, it is characterized in that by hull main body (1), micro-filter main body (8), water-in (3), water intaking room (4), micro-filter water port (13), discharge outlet (14), screw press (23), ultrasonic wave position finder (19), catch basin (34), back-purge system (20), algae receiving tank (17), screw press (23), receive slag pipe (31) and phosphorus adsorber (28) composition, hull main body (1) entirety, in ship type, is fore (2) and stern (26), and hull main body adopts hull structure iron, carbon fibre materials, carbon steel and Hi-Stren steel material make, fore (2) bottom arranges water-in (3), water-in (3) is overall rectangular, water-in (3) is obliquely installed along fore (2) boat bottom, and match with fore (2) bottom, (3) install grid to water-in, and strain except the foreign material in former water enter water intaking room (4), water-in (3) is through with water intaking room (4),
The top of the stern (26) of hull main body (1) arranges wheel house (27), the bottom of the stern (26) of hull main body (1) arranges discharge outlet (14), discharge outlet (14) is arranged along stern (26) bottom, and match with stern (26) bottom, discharge outlet (14) is through with discharge purified water pipe (33);
Water intaking room (4) is set in fore (2), water intaking room (4) entirety is in doline, inlet gate (5) is installed at water intaking room (4) middle part, water intaking room (4) is divided into water intaking room (4) cup and water intaking room (4) room afterwards, the leading section of water intaking room (4) cup is water-in (3), the middle part of water intaking room (4) arranges inlet gate (5), inlet gate (5) closes the cup of intake chamber (4) and the rear room of intake chamber (4), lift pump (6) is installed in the end, rear room of water intaking room (4), the delivery port of lift pump (6) is connected with an end of hydraulic pipe (7), the other end of hydraulic pipe (7) is connected with the rotary drum (9) of micro-filter main body (8), former water is introduced in rotary drum (9),
Hull main body (1) is arranged solar panels (35), the power storage that solar panels (35) are changed is in store battery, and store battery is connected with screw press (23) with lift pump (6), drive-motor (15), flushing pump (29), phosphorus adsorber (28);
Micro-filter main body (8) is by rotary drum (9), filter cloth (10), filter box (11), overfall (12), micro-filter water port (13), drive-motor (15), overflow port (16), algae receiving tank (17), wash-down water receiving tank (18), ultrasonic wave position finder (19), back-purge system (20), dephosphorization transfer lime (30), receive slag pipe (31), blow-down pipe (32), discharge purified water pipe (33) and catch basin (34) composition, hull main body (1) is at least installed 1 micro-filter main body (8), micro-filter main body (8) entirety is in box-shaped, be divided into filter box (11) and catch basin (34), micro-filter main body (8) middle part arranges overfall (12), overfall (12) is separated into filter box (11) and catch basin (34) micro-filter main body (8), filter box (11) entirety is in box-shaped, micro-filter main body adopts sheet metal and shape to make, filter box, catch basin and overfall all adopt sheet metal and shape to make, install rotary drum (9) in filter box (11) to implement to filter former water, catch basin (34) entirety is in box-shaped, the former water after filtering collected by catch basin (34), the top of overfall (12) and micro-filter main body (8) upper inside wall form overflow port (16), former water overflow port (16) after filter box (11) inner filtration is flowed out, enter in catch basin (34), the output terminal of catch basin (34) arranges the former water after micro-filter water port (13) output filtering,
Blow-down pipe (32) is installed in micro-filter main body (8) bottom, opens the former water in blow-down pipe (32) emptying micro-filter main body (8), safeguards, overhauls micro-filter main body (8);
Ultrasonic wave position finder (19) is installed on micro-filter main body (8) top, the water level of the former water after ultrasonic wave position finder (19) monitoring filter box (11) inner filtration, rotary drum (9) is installed in filter box (11), rotary drum (9) entirety is in barrel-shaped, the surrounding of rotary drum (9) arranges filter cloth rack (36), filter cloth rack (36) is installed filter cloth (10), filter cloth (10) filters out the algae substances in former water, rotary drum (9) and filter box (11) are separated airtight, hydraulic pipe (7) is connected with rotary drum (9), hydraulic pipe (7) is in former water input rotary drum (9), drive-motor (15) is connected with rotary drum (9), drive-motor (15) drives rotary drum (9) to rotate, algae receiving tank (17) and wash-down water receiving tank (18) are set in rotary drum (9), wash-down water receiving tank (18) entirety is in bucket shape, receive the former water that back-purge system (20) rinses filter cloth (10), algae receiving tank (17) the raw water with algae rinsed to screw press (23), algae receiving tank (17) output terminal is connected with the receipts slag pipe (31) of screw press (23),
Back-purge system (20) is installed on micro-filter main body (8) top, back-purge system (20) is by shower (21), mouth spray (22) and flushing pump (29) composition, the upper top of rotary drum (9) arranges shower (21), shower (21) is installed along rotary drum (9), shower (21) is connected with flushing pump (29), shower (21) is arranged mouth spray (22), mouth spray (22) is corresponding with the filter cloth (10) on the upper top of rotary drum (9), the spray water that mouth spray (22) sprays rinses the algae substances on filter cloth (10), spray water falls in wash-down water receiving tank (18) through filter cloth (10) together with algae substances, enter algae receiving tank (17), the output terminal of algae receiving tank (17) is connected with receipts slag pipe (31), the algae substances in algae receiving tank (17) and raw water to screw press (23), screw press (23) is separated algae substances and Yuan Shui,
Screw press (23) is installed in the side of micro-filter main body (8), the algae substances of the conveying of algae receiving tank (17) output terminal and Yuan Shui enter screw press (23), the algae substances that the screw press of screw press (23) goes out is discharged from scum mouth (24), and the rear room that the former water that screw press (23) squeezes out is transmitted back to water intaking room (4) by return water pipe (25) is filtered again.
2. ship borne type micro-filtration according to claim 1 is except phytem system, it is characterized in that the micro-filter water port (13) of described catch basin (34) output terminal is connected with dephosphorization transfer lime (30), one end of dephosphorization transfer lime (30) is connected with the micro-filter water port (13) of catch basin (34), the other end of dephosphorization transfer lime (30) is connected with phosphorus adsorber (28), the former water be filtered enters phosphorus adsorber (28) along dephosphorization transfer lime (30), phosphorus substance in former water after phosphorus adsorber (28) separating and filtering, the output terminal of phosphorus adsorber (28) is connected with discharge purified water pipe (33), one end of discharge purified water pipe (33) is connected with the output terminal of phosphorus adsorber (28), the other end of discharge purified water pipe (33) is connected with the discharge outlet (14) of stern (26), the discharge outlet (14) of former water after purification along discharge purified water pipe (33) from stern (26) is discharged into waters, it is stand-by that phosphorus adsorber (28) isolated phosphorus substance makes finished product.
3. the algae-removing method utilizing the ship borne type micro-filtration described in claim 1 to unite except phytem except the ship borne type micro-filtration that phytem is united, it is characterized in that hull main body (1) needs enter the waters except algae, hull main body (1) top arranges wheel house (27) and drives hull main body (1) to enter waters except algae, entering the electric energy of the absorption of the solar panels (35) in the process needed except algae waters in hull main body (1) solar energy converting one-tenth, stand-by in power storage to store battery;
Arrive the waters needed except algae, hull main body (1) is stuck in be needed except algae waters, the fore (2) bottom water-in (3) of hull main body (1) puts into the cup needing the former water except the waters of algae to enter water intaking room (4), the grid installed of end of water intaking room (4) cup is strained except the foreign material in former water enter the cup of water intaking room (4), open inlet gate (5) former water enters water intaking room (4) rear room from the cup of water intaking room (4), start the lift pump (6) being installed in water intaking room (4) room afterwards, lift pump (6) is introduced former water in the rotary drum (9) of micro-filter main body (8) by hydraulic pipe (7), the algae substances that former water carries resides in the inner surface of filter cloth (10), algae substances is separated from former water, the former water be filtered oozes out through filter cloth (10), enter in rotary drum (9) filter box outward (11), along with the former water be filtered constantly oozes out, water level in filter box (11) also improves in succession, when water level exceedes overfall (12) upper end, the former water be filtered flows out from the overflow port (16) of overfall (12) upper end, enter in catch basin (34),
The micro-filter water port (13) that the former water be filtered is arranged from catch basin (34) output terminal flows into phosphorus adsorber (28) by dephosphorization transfer lime (30), phosphorus adsorber (28) employing molysite removes the phosphorus in the former water be filtered, phosphorus substance in former water after phosphorus adsorber (28) separating and filtering, the discharge outlet (14) of former water after purification along discharge purified water pipe (33) from stern (26) is discharged into waters, and it is stand-by that phosphorus adsorber (28) isolated phosphorus substance makes finished product;
After the rotary drum (9) of micro-filter main body (8) runs for some time, the algae substances residing in the inner surface of filter cloth (10) increases thickening, reduce oozing out of former water, the water level decreasing of the former water be filtered in filter box (11) is to standard, the water level of the former water in rotary drum (9) rises to standard, ultrasonic wave position finder (19) monitors the change of level of filter box (11) and rotary drum (9), start the flushing pump (29) of back-purge system (20), mouth spray (22) on shower (21) filter cloth (10) aimed on rotary drum (9) filter cloth rack (36) is implemented to rinse filter cloth (10), the spray water that mouth spray (22) sprays rinses the algae substances residing in the inner surface of filter cloth (10) through filter cloth (10), spray water falls in wash-down water receiving tank (18) together with algae substances, spray water enters algae receiving tank (17) together with algae substances from wash-down water receiving tank (18), spray water is transported to screw press (23) by the output terminal of algae receiving tank (17) along receipts slag pipe (31) together with algae substances, screw press (23) is separated algae substances with former water, the algae substances that the screw press of screw press (23) goes out is discharged from scum mouth (24), the rear room that the former water that screw press (23) squeezes out is transmitted back to water intaking room (4) by return water pipe (25) is filtered again,
Start drive-motor (15), rotate rotary drum (9) and the filter cloth (10) on rotary drum (9) is forwarded to front enforcement flushing filter cloth (10) of mouth spray (22) one by one;
The filter cloth (10) on micro-filter main body (8) rotary drum (9) is rinsed well when back-purge system (20), the water level of the former water be filtered in filter box (11) rises to standard, the water level decreasing of the former water in rotary drum (9) is to standard, the former water be filtered flows into catch basin (34) from overflow port (16), the former water of filtration of micro-filter main body (8) restoration designing standard, the flushing pump (29) of cutting out back-purge system (20) stops rinsing operation, close drive-motor (15), stop the rotation of rotary drum (9), close screw press (23), stop the operation that algae substances is separated with former water, recover the filtration operation of micro-filter main body (8), reciprocation cycle.
CN201410049326.3A 2014-02-13 2014-02-13 Onboard micro-filtration algae removal system and algae removal method CN103771605B (en)

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CN105664567A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-06-15 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Method and device for removing alga by means of micro-filtration by aid of drums for ships
CN105833596B (en) * 2016-03-23 2019-03-26 中国科学院水生生物研究所 A kind of full-automatic boat-carrying removes the method and apparatus of algae

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Address after: No. 60 Friendship Road, Hexi District, Tianjin

Co-patentee after: Ou Sheng Technology (Hangzhou) water Teng Co. Ltd.

Patentee after: Tianjin Water Resources Research Institute

Address before: No. 60 Friendship Road, Hexi District, Tianjin

Co-patentee before: Bell Finger Passavant water treatment technology (Hangzhou) Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: Tianjin Water Resources Research Institute