CN103722100A - PLC (programmable logic controller) control type automotive metal sheet machining punch - Google Patents

PLC (programmable logic controller) control type automotive metal sheet machining punch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103722100A
CN103722100A CN201310707204.4A CN201310707204A CN103722100A CN 103722100 A CN103722100 A CN 103722100A CN 201310707204 A CN201310707204 A CN 201310707204A CN 103722100 A CN103722100 A CN 103722100A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plc
cylinder
sheet metal
metal component
press
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310707204.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邱亚东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WUHU CHANGRUI AUTO PARTS Co Ltd
Original Assignee
WUHU CHANGRUI AUTO PARTS Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by WUHU CHANGRUI AUTO PARTS Co Ltd filed Critical WUHU CHANGRUI AUTO PARTS Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310707204.4A priority Critical patent/CN103722100A/en
Publication of CN103722100A publication Critical patent/CN103722100A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The invention aims to provide a PLC (programmable logic controller) control type automotive metal sheet machining punch comprising a lower die base used for fixing a female die and an upper die base used for fixing a male die. The punch is provided with a PLC control system, a cylinder with an electromagnetic valve is arranged on the upper die base, a positioning sensor is arranged on the left side of the lower die base, and the electromagnetic valve, the cylinder and the positioning sensor are electrically connected with the PLC control system. Through the PLC control system, impact force of the cylinder of the upper die base is accurately controlled to enable the impact process to be free of impact and noise, so that workpiece machining quality can be greatly improved and die service life can be greatly prolonged; through the added positioning sensor, machined workpieces can be accurately positioned, accurate automatic feeding is realized, loading effect of the workpieces is improved, and precision of punch machining is improved. Through the structure of punching prior to cutting, waste of plates is reduced, utilization rate of the plates is increased, and cost is saved.

Description

PLC controls formula automobile sheet metal component processing punching machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Machining Technology field, be specifically related to a kind of PLC and control formula automobile sheet metal component processing punching machine.
Background technology
At automobile, with in the processing technique field of sheet metal component, adopt the processing method of punching press.But in process, because the pressure of punch press is controlled inaccuracy, the impulse force that causes mould to be subject to is larger, die wear speed, and caused the damage of mould, and produce the working environment of noise effect operator; And employing artificial loading, location inaccuracy, therefore need to strengthen the section bar face of sheet material, causes raw-material waste, and inefficiency.Want to improve the operating efficiency of punch press, accurately control punch press pressure, cost-saving, just must improve the automaticity of producing.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is exactly a kind of PLC control formula automobile sheet metal component processing punching machine providing for meeting the demand, by PLC control system is set, and the cylinder of upper bolster is carried out to the accurate control of impulse force, make nothing impact, noiseless in impact process, can greatly improve workpiece crudy and die life; By setting up press-roller device and transmission device, and by PLC, control the accurate corner of servomotor, and set up alignment sensor and can accurately locate workpiece position, realize and carry out accurate self-feeding, improve the loading efficiency of workpiece, improve the precision of punch press processing.By the structure of cutting after subpunch, reduce the waste of sheet material, improve the utilization rate of sheet material, cost-saving.And by changing different moulds, can realize a tractor serves several purposes, the automobile that carries out that can be best connects with sheet metal component and completes the work such as sheet metal component shaping, bending, punching press, stamping-out, rectification, shearing, riveted joint, punching press lettering.
The invention provides a kind of PLC and control formula automobile sheet metal component processing punching machine, comprise die shoe for fixing die, for the upper bolster of solid punch, described punch press is provided with PLC control system, upper bolster is provided with the cylinder with magnetic valve, described die shoe left side is provided with alignment sensor, described magnetic valve, cylinder, alignment sensor and PLC control system and electrical connection.
Further improvement of the present invention is: described punch press also comprise be positioned at die shoe left side press-roller device, be positioned at the other drive mechanism of press-roller device and provide the servomotor of power for drive mechanism.
Further improvement of the present invention is: described drive mechanism comprises gear wheel and carries out gear-driven pinion with gear wheel, pinion is connected with the driving shaft of servomotor, gear wheel is connected with press-roller device by belt, and described alignment sensor is between die shoe and press-roller device.
Further improvement of the present invention is: described upper bolster right side is provided with cutting knife, and cutting knife upper end is provided with cylinder.
Further improvement of the present invention is: the gearratio of described gear wheel and pinion is 3.5:1, and the gearratio of described belt is 1:1.
Further improvement of the present invention is: described press-roller device comprises at least two group compression roller units, and every group of compression roller unit comprises upper and lower two round rollers.
Further improvement of the present invention is: described cylinder is pneumohydraulic pressure-cylinder, cylinder is provided with lower position switch, on described punch, be provided with inductive switch, die shoe is provided with the pressure control table of being convenient to adjusting cylinders pressure, described lower position switch, inductive switch and pressure control table and the electrical connection of PLC control system.
Further improvement of the present invention is: described PLC control system comprise Programmable Logic Controller (be called for short PLC), respectively with touch-screen and the servo-driver of PLC electrical connection, servo-driver is controlled servomotor running by line of codes and is realized and locating.
Further improvement of the present invention is: described alignment sensor is photoelectric sensor.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: by PLC control system is set, and the cylinder of upper bolster is carried out to the accurate control of impulse force, make nothing impact, noiseless in impact process, can greatly improve workpiece crudy and die life; By setting up press-roller device and transmission device, and by PLC, control the accurate corner of servomotor, and set up alignment sensor and can accurately locate workpiece position, realize and carry out accurate self-feeding, improve the loading efficiency of workpiece, improve the precision of punch press processing.By the structure of cutting after subpunch, reduce the waste of sheet material, improve the utilization rate of sheet material, cost-saving.
The present invention can realize a tractor serves several purposes by changing different moulds, and the automobile that carries out that can be best connects with sheet metal component and completes the work such as sheet metal component shaping, bending, punching press, stamping-out, rectification, shearing, riveted joint, punching press lettering.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is schematic diagram of the present invention.
Wherein: 1-die shoe, 2-punch, 3-upper bolster, 4-magnetic valve, 5-cylinder, 6-alignment sensor, 7-servomotor, 8-gear wheel, 9-pinion, 10-belt, 11-round roller, 12-cutting knife, 13-lower position switch, 14-inductive switch, the control table of 15-pressure, 16-PLC, 17-touch-screen, 18-servo-driver.
The specific embodiment
In order to deepen the understanding of the present invention, below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described, and this embodiment only, for explaining the present invention, does not form limiting the scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment provides a kind of PLC to control formula automobile sheet metal component processing punching machine, comprise die shoe 1 for fixing die, for the upper bolster 3 of solid punch 2, described punch press is provided with PLC control system, upper bolster 3 is provided with the cylinder 5 with magnetic valve 4, described die shoe 1 left side is provided with alignment sensor 6, described magnetic valve 4, cylinder 5, alignment sensor 6 and PLC control system and electrical connection.Described punch press also comprise be positioned at die shoe 1 left side press-roller device, be positioned at the other drive mechanism of press-roller device and provide the servomotor 7 of power for drive mechanism.Described drive mechanism comprises gear wheel 8 and carries out gear-driven pinion 9 with gear wheel 8, and pinion 9 is connected with the driving shaft of servomotor 7, and gear wheel 8 is connected with press-roller device by belt 10, adopts belt transmission, realizes the precise displacement of horizontal direction; Described alignment sensor 6 is between die shoe 1 and press-roller device.Described press-roller device comprises two groups of compression roller units, and every group of compression roller unit comprises upper and lower two round rollers 11.Described upper bolster 1 right side is provided with cutting knife 12, is provided with cylinder 5 on cutting knife 12.Described gear wheel 8 is 3.5:1 with the gearratio of pinion 9, the gearratio of described belt 10 be 1:1 the resultant gear ratio of the biography structure of whole system be 3.5:1, by press-roller device and drive mechanism are set, are engaged in and realize feeding automatically and accurately, save feeding time, increase work efficiency.Described cylinder 5 is pneumohydraulic pressure-cylinder; stamping press can be from rated maximum step-less adjustment once; cylinder 5 is provided with the lower position switch 13 for the protection of cylinder 5; on described punch 2, be provided with inductive switch 14, inductive switch 14 is in the gas-powered stroke of precompressed, as long as sense workpiece at any location point; will be converted to immediately hydraulic pressure; without covering whole strokes, while pressure stability in the hydraulic stroke of supercharging, indifference is minimum.Die shoe 1 is provided with the pressure control table 15 of being convenient to adjusting cylinders 5 pressure, and the pressure position 3.2T needing in the present embodiment, is adjusted to 3.2T by pressure control table 15, and the output pressure of cylinder 5 is only 3.2T, surpasses automated backhaul of this value cylinder.Compare with hydraulic pressure or vapour-pressure type equipment, pneumohydraulic pressure-cylinder is energy-conservation reaches 90%, and in impact process without impacting, noiseless, can greatly improve workpiece crudy and die life.Described lower position switch 13, inductive switch 14 and pressure control table 15 are electrically connected with PLC control system.Described PLC control system comprise PLC16, respectively with touch-screen 17 and the servo-driver 18 of PLC electrical connection; By being set, touch-screen 17 regulates control, can select automatic processing also can select crawl processing, crawl is processed each step all needs manually to press once corresponding processing starting switch, automatically be processed as and only need a punch press of startup to enter auto-cycle process, make simple to operate, also reduce the trouble shoot link in running, greatly improved operating efficiency.Servo-driver 18 is controlled servomotor 7 runnings by line of codes and is realized location, realizes the accurate control of servomotor 7 corners.Described alignment sensor 6 is simple in structure for adopting, precision is high, reaction is fast, the photoelectric sensor of non-contact type, realizes the object that PLC accurately controls.
This enforcement provides a kind of PLC to control formula automobile sheet metal component processing punching machine, after alignment sensor 6 senses that workpiece puts in place, PLC sends instruction control servomotor 7 and stops feeding, and control punch and blade is processed operation, after processing operation, PLC control servomotor 7 carries out feeding, enters next workpiece processing.By changing different moulds, can realize a tractor serves several purposes, the automobile that carries out that can be best connects with sheet metal component and completes the work such as sheet metal component shaping, bending, punching press, stamping-out, rectification, shearing, riveted joint, punching press lettering.

Claims (9)

1. a PLC controls formula automobile sheet metal component processing punching machine, comprise for the fixing die shoe of die (1), for the upper bolster (3) of solid punch (2), it is characterized in that: described punch press is provided with PLC control system, upper bolster (3) is provided with the cylinder (5) with magnetic valve (4), described die shoe (1) left side is provided with alignment sensor (6), described magnetic valve (4), cylinder (5), alignment sensor (6) and PLC control system and electrical connection.
2. PLC as claimed in claim 1 controls formula automobile sheet metal component processing punching machine, it is characterized in that: described punch press also comprise be positioned at die shoe (1) left side press-roller device, be positioned at drive mechanism by press-roller device and provide the servomotor (7) of power for drive mechanism.
3. PLC as claimed in claim 2 controls formula automobile sheet metal component processing punching machine, it is characterized in that: described press-roller device comprises at least two group compression roller units, and every group of compression roller unit comprises upper and lower two round rollers (11).
4. PLC as claimed in claim 1 or 2 controls formula automobile sheet metal component processing punching machine, it is characterized in that: described drive mechanism comprises gear wheel (8) and carries out gear-driven pinion (9) with gear wheel (8), pinion (9) is connected with the driving shaft of servomotor (7), gear wheel (8) is connected with press-roller device by belt (10), and described alignment sensor (6) is positioned between die shoe (1) and press-roller device.
5. PLC as claimed in claim 4 controls formula automobile sheet metal component processing punching machine, it is characterized in that: described gear wheel (8) is 3.5:1 with the gearratio of pinion (9), and the gearratio of described belt (10) is 1:1.
6. PLC as claimed in claim 1 controls formula automobile sheet metal component processing punching machine, it is characterized in that: described upper bolster (1) right side is provided with cutting knife (12), and cutting knife (12) upper end is provided with cylinder (5).
7. the PLC as described in claim 1 or 6 controls formula automobile sheet metal component processing punching machine, it is characterized in that: described cylinder (5) is pneumohydraulic pressure-cylinder, cylinder (5) is provided with lower position switch (13), on described punch (2), be provided with inductive switch (14), die shoe (1) is provided with the pressure control table (15) of being convenient to adjusting cylinders (5) pressure, and described lower position switch (13), inductive switch (14) and pressure control table (15) are electrically connected with PLC control system.
8. PLC as claimed in claim 1 controls formula automobile sheet metal component processing punching machine, it is characterized in that: described PLC control system comprise Programmable Logic Controller (be called for short PLC) (16), respectively with touch-screen (17) and the servo-driver (18) of PLC electrical connection, servo-driver (18) is controlled servomotor (7) running realization by line of codes and is located.
9. PLC as claimed in claim 1 controls formula automobile sheet metal component processing punching machine, it is characterized in that: described alignment sensor (6) is photoelectric sensor.
CN201310707204.4A 2013-12-20 2013-12-20 PLC (programmable logic controller) control type automotive metal sheet machining punch Pending CN103722100A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310707204.4A CN103722100A (en) 2013-12-20 2013-12-20 PLC (programmable logic controller) control type automotive metal sheet machining punch

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310707204.4A CN103722100A (en) 2013-12-20 2013-12-20 PLC (programmable logic controller) control type automotive metal sheet machining punch

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CN103722100A true CN103722100A (en) 2014-04-16

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105013963A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-11-04 广州科敏达工业机器人有限公司 Short material feeding manipulator system
CN107984235A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-04 湖州默顿快速电梯有限公司 Door of elevator intelligent robot production line
CN108127298A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-06-08 湖州默顿快速电梯有限公司 Elevator welding sequence robot production line
CN108544237A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-09-18 太仓东泰精密机械有限公司 A kind of caravan expansion rack processing occlusion cutting all-in-one machine
CN110202043A (en) * 2019-07-06 2019-09-06 太仓欧克仓储设备有限公司 A kind of control system of sheet metal component punching press automatic work device

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JPH0467203A (en) * 1990-07-06 1992-03-03 Honda Motor Co Ltd Production control system
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JP2009070034A (en) * 2007-09-12 2009-04-02 Nakanishi Metal Works Co Ltd Conveyor system for inter-process conveyance
CN101607283A (en) * 2009-07-10 2009-12-23 东莞市龙基电子有限公司 Small-sized automatic undulator and processing method
CN203725655U (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-07-23 芜湖常瑞汽车部件有限公司 PLC controlled punch press for machining sheet metal parts for automobiles

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0467203A (en) * 1990-07-06 1992-03-03 Honda Motor Co Ltd Production control system
JP2009070034A (en) * 2007-09-12 2009-04-02 Nakanishi Metal Works Co Ltd Conveyor system for inter-process conveyance
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CN101607283A (en) * 2009-07-10 2009-12-23 东莞市龙基电子有限公司 Small-sized automatic undulator and processing method
CN203725655U (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-07-23 芜湖常瑞汽车部件有限公司 PLC controlled punch press for machining sheet metal parts for automobiles

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Title
南京工程学院: "基于西门子PLC的自动冲床控制系统的设计", 《南京工程学院毕业设计》, 4 January 2013 (2013-01-04) *

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105013963A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-11-04 广州科敏达工业机器人有限公司 Short material feeding manipulator system
CN107984235A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-04 湖州默顿快速电梯有限公司 Door of elevator intelligent robot production line
CN108127298A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-06-08 湖州默顿快速电梯有限公司 Elevator welding sequence robot production line
CN108544237A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-09-18 太仓东泰精密机械有限公司 A kind of caravan expansion rack processing occlusion cutting all-in-one machine
CN110202043A (en) * 2019-07-06 2019-09-06 太仓欧克仓储设备有限公司 A kind of control system of sheet metal component punching press automatic work device

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